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									           A Basic Understanding
                    By Joseph R. Nally

Section on Election Marks by Ra McLaughlin
I do not understand election. Everything is too
difficult to understand. If this, than that and if
that, then this. I seem to run in circles when
studying this issue. Please help.

The doctrine of election is rather difficult to
understand. Though objections vary from
conversation to conversation, people’s main
objection to it seems to be that God is unjust
in election. People assume that God does not
have the right to choose; when in actuality He
does (Rom. 9). What is additionally disturbing
is an improper view of election leads one to an
improper view of God’s sovereignty and thus it
leads to an improper view of many other things
that emanate from God – including salvation.

Paul uses an illustration in Romans 9 of
Pharaoh – the enemy. Just as a judge is not
unjust for punishing criminals, God is not
unjust in punishing His enemies (2 Thess. 1:6).
In part, this is what Scripture is teaching when
it discusses election. Moreover, when Paul uses
his theological short hand method in Romans 9,
some miss the importance of not recognizing
that Pharaoh was from another race, another
seed, an enemy of God and was ―condemned
already‖ (John 3:18).

  In the beginning, there were good guys that were
 suppose to rule God’s Kingdom perfectly.
 These and their seed were the elect.
 During the Fall, the enemy seduced the good guys.
 The good guys messed up and sinned (the Fall).
 After the Fall, the enemy continued to invade God’s
 The bad guys seed is mixed with the good guys.
 Elect and Reprobate appear to be one race.
 However, this enemy does not belong in God’s
 Kingdom, God’s race.
 In the end, God is just in separating the bad guys
 from the good guys and casting out the bad guys.

 1.Adam and Eve (elect) were told to be
 fruitful and multiply.

     A. ONLY the elect were to be in this world, in
      God’s Kingdom.

     B. ONLY God’s people will ultimately fill the new
      Heavens and new earth – Rev. 20-22

2. However, by God’s design, there is a
  momentary pause in the plan:

    A. Adam sinned – the Fall – and the elect race
     was mixed with an non-elect race.

          1. Eve became the mother of ALL LIVING (elect
               and non-elect – Gen 3:20)

    B. See the parable of the wheat and tares (Matt

3. War on the Earth

  A.   Satan’s seed is presently making war with
       Christ’s seed (Gen. 3:15)

       1. There is a war of TWO people groups – elect and
       non-elect (Rom. 9:11-15, 21-24).
      2. There is a war of TWO kingdoms – Kingdom of God
       vs. Kingdom of Satan (Matt 4; John 8:36).
      3. There is a war of TWO nations –Holy Nation (John
       8:23; Pet. 2:9) vs. all others.

   B. God ordained this war

    1.   To more fully reveal His love to His own people

         a.   John 15:13
         b.   God says a FULLER manifestation of love is laying
              down one’s life for another
         c.   But Jesus could not have died UNLESS sin entered
              the world
         d.   So without God being the author of sin, but
              ordaining that sin should come into the world,
              Adam, created w/o sin, by his own will was
              permitted to sin, so God could manifest to His own
              people the full nature of His love.
2. God can ordain something w/o being its author

  a.   Example

       Say that I created (ordained) a 4 legged chair.
       Say it was perfect. Then say I gave it to you. You
       decide to remove one of the legs from the
       perfect chair. I ordained a perfect 4-legged
       chair, but you now authored a 3-legged chair, by
       removing good, from good. You authored
       imperfection. – God created a perfect world
       (Gen 1:31). Adam removed good from good (a
       good piece of fruit from a good God-created
       tree in the Garden), and authored evil (Gen 3).

3. God did not sin by creating an opportunity for evil (as
  everything He made was good – Gen 1:31).

  a.   Example

  Manufactures build cars that can go faster than the speed
  limit. The speed limit may be 55, but your car may be
  able to go 120 mph. The manufacture does this on
  purpose so your car can run more efficiently (because its
  potential is more than the intended use of the car it will
  last longer and perform better). However, just because
  the car can go 120, does not given you permission to drive
  that fast when the law specially states 55. God gave Adam
  a 120 mph world (purpose: (a) manifest His love and (b)
  destroy evil) and told him to drive it at 55 mph – but he
  decided to speed and the fine for his speeding ticket is
  rather steep.

 B.   God ordained this war

  1.    To more fully reveal His love to His own
        people – John 15:13.

  2.    To destroy the works of the Devil – 1 John 3:8.

A More Comprehensive Version

Genesis 1:26-27 And God said, Let us make
man in our image, after our likeness: and let
them have dominion over the fish of the sea,
and over the fowl of the air, and over the
cattle, and over all the earth, and over every
creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

Adam and Eve were Elect from BEFORE
the Foundation of the World

After the Fall (Gen 3), God made clothes for Adam
and Eve AND clothed them – thus spilling innocent
blood (symbolizing the Cross of Christ - Gen 3:21).

 Note that God clothed them, they did NOT cloth
 themselves. Adam and Eve were NOT saved by
 their own works, but the very work of God alone!
 (Eph. 2:8-10; John 1:13, etc.).

Immediately after the Fall, Adam and Eve played
the blame game saying they were not
responsible for their own sins (Gen. 3:12-13).
After their salvation, God’s Spirit in them (Phil.
2:13) is seen in their acknowledgment of their
sons are from the Lord and the training of their
sons to worship:
   Genesis 4:1, Eve revealing her faith said, ―I have gotten a
   man from the LORD‖
   Genesis 4:2-4, teaching their sons to worship/offering.
   Genesis 4:25 Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a
   son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath
   appointed me another seed instead of Abel

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between
thee and the woman, and between thy seed
and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and
thou shalt bruise his heel.

Genesis 1:26-28 And God said, Let us make man in our image,
after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish
of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle,
and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that
creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own
image, in the image of God created he him; male and female
created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto
them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth,
and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea,
and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that
moveth upon the earth.

Ps. 24:1 The earth is the LORD's, and the fulness thereof; the
world, and they that dwell therein.

Abraham’s seed (Gal. 3:16,26-29).
This is the true church (Eph. 5:25; even the OT Church –

Acts 7:38).
These are the elect (Eph. 1:3-4, 11).

This is the wheat as opposed to the tares (Matt. 13:24-

    The   tares look like wheat, but have nothing inside.

Jesus knows His sheep (John 10:14)
Jesus calls His sheep by name (John 10:3; Rev. 13:8; 17:8).

His sheep know the voice of their Shepherd and follow Him

(John 10:4, 27).
The Shepherd laid down His life for the sheep – not the

goats (John 10:11, 15).
Those who are not sheep cannot believe (John 10:26).

Genesis 3:20 And Adam called his wife's name
Eve; because she was the mother of all

Eve   will now give birth to:
 the    seed of the serpent (tares, goats)
 the    seed of the woman (wheat, sheep).
   We   see this in Cain and Abel (Gen. 4).

The Old and New Testaments trace the seed
of the woman and their Redeemer as
opposed to the seed of the serpent and
their fallen one.

 Adam   vs. Satan (Gen. 3)
 Noah vs. the world (Gen. 6-10)
 Abraham vs. Egypt (Gen. 12)
 Moses vs. Pharaoh (Exodus)
 David vs. Goliath (1 Sam 17)
 Christ vs. Satan (Rev. 12:4; Matt 4 –and thru-out his

Joshuavs. Enemies in the Promised Land
Samuel vs. Saul

 Judge       Enemy       Years of   Deliveranc   Scripture
                         Bondage    e and Rest
Othniel    Mesopotamia      8           40         3:7-11

 Ehud         Moab         18          80         3:12-31

Deborah      Canaan        20          40         4:1-5:31

Gideon       Midian         7          40         6:1-8:28

Jephthah     Ammon         18           6        10:6-12:7

Samson       Philistia     40          20        13:1-16:31

Ultimately the Universe shall be One
Race – The Elect.
Mark 13:27 And then shall he send his angels,
and shall gather together his elect from the
four winds, from the uttermost part of the
earth to the uttermost part of heaven.

c.g. Rev. 20-22

Luke 18:7 And shall not God avenge his own
elect, which cry day and night unto him,
though he bear long with them?

Romans 9:15, 18, 22 I will have mercy on
whom I will have mercy, and I will have
compassion on whom I will have compassion. …
Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have
mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. … Hath
not the potter power over the clay, of the
same lump to make one vessel unto honour,
and another unto dishonour?
All the Seeds of the Serpent are the
Matthew 13:39 The enemy that sowed them is
the devil; the harvest is the end of the world;
and the reapers are the angels.

 The non-elect.
 An invading race (Gen. 3:15).
 An invading kingdom (Matt. 8:12;   11:12; 12:25-

This Universe was Eternally Meant for
One Kingdom – the Kingdom of God
 KOG   (Matt. 6:10) vs. kingdoms of this world
 (Matt. 4:8)
 Gospel of the Kingdom (Matt. 4:23) vs. gospel of
 false Christs, and false prophets (Matt. 24:24;
 Mark 13:22)
 Repent for the KOG is at hand (Matt. 3:2) vs.
 the seduction of the elect (Matt. 24:24)
 KOG knowledge vs. kos knowledge (Matt 13:10-
 15; 1 Cor. 1:18-2:16; Rom. 8:5-9 vs. Gen. 11:9)
 KOG miracles vs. kos miracle (Matt. 11:20-26
 vs. Ex. 7:8-12)

The Serpent Seed Pay Tribute to Only

 He goes by many names which are an indictment of who
 he and his seed are:

Abaddon – Heb.       Beast (Rev.      Father of lies (John         Little horn (Dan. 8:9-    Ruler of demons
―Destruction‖        4:9-10)          8:44)                        11)                       (Luke 11:15)
(Rev. 9:11)
Accuser (Rev.        Beelzebub        God of this age (2 Cor.      Lucifer (Is. 14:12-14)    Ruler of this world
12:10)               (Matt. 12:24)    4:4)                                                   (John 12:31-32)
Adversary (1 Pet.    Belial (2 Cor.   King of Babylon (Is. 14:4)   Man of sin (2 Thess.      Satan (Mark 1:13)
5:8)                 6:15)                                         2:3-4)
Angel of light (2    Deceiver (Rev.   King of the bottomless       Murderer (John 8:44)      Serpent of old (Rev.
Cor. 2:14)           12:9)            pit (Rev. 9:11)                                        12:9)
Angel of the          Devil (1 John   King of Tyre (Ezek.          Power of darkness         Son of perdition (2
bottomless pit       3:8)             28:12)                       (Co. 1:14-14)             Thess. 2:3-4)
(Rev. 9:11)
Anointed covering    Dragon (Rev.     Lawless one (2 Thess.        Prince of the power       Star (Rev. 9:1)
cherub (Exek.        12:9)            2:8-10)                      of the air (Eph. 2:1-2)
Antichrist (1 John   Enemy (Matt.     Leviathan (Is. 27:1)         Roaring lion (1 Pet.      Tempter (Matt. 4:3)
4:3)                 13:39)                                        5:8)
Apollyon – Grk.      Evil one (John   Liar (John 8:44)             Rulers of the darkness    Thief (John 10:10)
―Destroyer‖ (Rev.    17:15)                                        (Eph. 6:12)               Wicked one (Eph.
9:11)                                                                                        6:16)

Savior is NOT on his list!

Satan’s Seed Condemned
Imitators of their master:

John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, and
the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a
murderer from the beginning, and abode not in
the truth, because there is no truth in him.
When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his
own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

Satan’s Seed Condemned
Condemned Already:

John 3:18 He that believeth on him is not
condemned: but he that believeth not is
condemned already, because he hath not
believed in the name of the only begotten Son
of God.

Satan’s Seed Condemned

They obey not the Gospel:

2 Thessalonians 1:6-9 Seeing it is a righteous thing
with God to recompense tribulation to them that
trouble you; And to you who are troubled rest with
us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from
heaven with his mighty angels, In flaming fire
taking vengeance on them that know not God, and
that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus
Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting
destruction from the presence of the Lord, and
from the glory of his power;
Satan’s Seed Condemned

They deny the Lord Jesus:

Jude 4 For there are certain men crept in
unawares, who were before of old ordained to
this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the
grace of our God into lasciviousness, and
denying the only Lord God, and our Lord
Jesus Christ.

Satan’s Seed Condemned
By What Authority?
Romans 9:18-22 Therefore hath he mercy on whom
he will have mercy, and whom he will he
hardeneth. Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth
he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will?
Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against
God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed
it, Why hast thou made me thus? Hath not the
potter power over the clay, of the same lump to
make one vessel unto honour, and another unto
dishonour? What if God, willing to shew his wrath,
and to make his power known, endured with much
longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to

Satan’s Seed Condemned
By What Authority?

God has designed all his eternal counsel to bring
glory to himself (Eph. 1:5, 11), but he has not
designed all of it to bring emotional pleasure to
himself (Ezek. 18:22; 33:11).

For example, the Bible specifically tells us that
some of his eternal decrees are designed to allow
Him to express His wrath (e.g. Rom. 9:22-23).

God is glorified by expressing His wrath, but He is
not therefore happy about it—He is angry,
saddened, and yet glorified.
Satan’s Seed Condemned
For What Reason?

Reprobation exists in order that election may
be realized. Reprobation is necessary to bring
the chosen to the glory which God in His
infinite love has appointed for them. (Herman
Hoeksema, Place of Reprobation in the
Preaching of the Gospel).

Proverbs 16:4 The LORD hath made all things
for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day
of evil.
Satan’s Seed Condemned
For What Reason?

Proverbs 11:8 The righteous man is rescued from
trouble, and it comes on the wicked instead.

  The  idea here is that the ungodly serve to deliver the
  righteous out of trouble, to glorify them. And having
  done so they perish for their sins.

Proverbs 21:18: The wicked shall be a ransom for
the righteous, and the transgressor for the upright.

  Here  again we have the idea that God gives the
  wicked as a ransom, which He pays to glorify the
Satan’s Seed Condemned
For What Reason?

Isaiah 43:4 Since you are precious and honored
in my sight, and because I love you, I will give
men in exchange for you, and people in
exchange for your life.

Satan’s Seed Condemned
Even nature itself gives testimony to

Animal Kingdom:

 The   mother gives life to her child, not
 infrequently at the expense of her own.
 It is virtually always true that one generation
 lives and dies to make room for the next.
 There are species of animals in which the male
 dies after mating. The male is cast off
 (reprobated) to give life to the young.

Satan’s Seed Condemned
Even nature itself gives testimony to reprobation

Plant Kingdom:

When   a farmer sows seed in his field, he sows much more than he needs.
When the seed falls into the earth and dies, there appear not only the
kernels of wheat, for which the seed was planted, but also the stem, the
straw, and even the chaff.
Without the stem and the chaff the grain could never have germinated
and ripened.
The stem and the chaff serve the grain, the seed. Yet both will presently
be burned by fire in order that the grain may be gathered into the barn.
Here also we find election and reprobation, and in such a way that the
latter serves the former, and is necessary to it.

Satan’s Seed Condemned
A Holy Purpose:

To show His wrath and make His power known:

Romans 9:22 What if God, willing to shew his
wrath, and to make his power known,
endured with much longsuffering the vessels of
wrath fitted to destruction.

Satan’s Seed Condemned
A Holy Purpose:

Destroy the works of the devil:

1 John 3:8 He that committeth sin is of the
devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning.
For this purpose the Son of God was
manifested, that he might destroy the works
of the devil.

Satan’s Seed Condemned
A Holy Purpose:

To more fully manifest His love to His chosen

John 15:13 Greater love hath no man than this,
that a man lay down his life for his friends.

 There  would have been no Cross if there had
 been no sin!
 The extent of God’s love would have not been as
 fully known!
The enemy in NOT innocent, but guilty!

Romans 3:10-11, 23 As it is written, There is
none righteous, no, not one: There is none
that understandeth, there is none that
seeketh after God. … For all have sinned, and
come short of the glory of God;

God’s seed is not innocent either, but elected:
"How can a loving God knowingly save a fallen
person who hates Him (Rom. 3:10-18) and is
worthy to spend eternity in Hell (2 Pet. 2:1-9)?"
Since all men are sinners from birth and deserve
eternal judgment in Hell, God could not save a
single soul unless He had elected them before they
were created (John 1:13; Eph. 1:1-11; Rom. 9;
11:5; Col. 3:12; 1 Thess. 1:4; 2 Tim. 2:10; 1 Pet.
1:2; 1 Pet. 5:13, etc.). Therefore, because of the
Covenant of Redemption before the foundation of
the world (1 Pet. 1:18-21) God can and will save
only the elect. He indeed is loving in that He
choose to save any.
God’s seed is not innocent either, but elected:

Romans 9:11(For the children being not yet
born, neither having done any good or evil,
that the purpose of God according to election
might stand, not of works, but of him that

John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor
of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man,
but of God.

The enemy in NOT innocent, but guilty!

God is not only a loving God (John 3:16), He is

  HOLY (Ex. 15:11; Psa. 103:1; Isa.
 6:3) and
  JUST (Deut. 32:4; Job 4:17; 8:3;
 Psa. 89:14, etc.).

The enemy in NOT innocent, but guilty!

God MUST necessarily judge sin (John 3:18).

Therefore,   there must necessarily be those that
are judged.
There must also necessarily be a Hell.
  If neither of these existed then God would simply not
  be God — as the punishment of evil would only be a
  farce, not real, a deception.
  However, God does not lie (Num. 23:19; 1 Sam. 15:29;
  Psa. 92:15; Mal. 3:6; Rom. 3:4; Heb. 6:18) and
  therefore sin must, will be, and is in finality eternally


Ephesians 1:4-5 According as he hath chosen us in
him before the foundation of the world, that we
should be holy and without blame before him in
love: Having predestinated us unto the adoption
of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to
the good pleasure of his will,"

Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter
into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever
worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they
which are written in the Lamb's book of life.

Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth
shall worship him, whose names are not written
in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the
foundation of the world.

Revelation 17:8,The beast that thou sawest was,
and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless
pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on
the earth shall wonder, whose names were not
written in the book of life from the foundation
of the world, when they behold the beast that
was, and is not, and yet is.
Peter Analysis:
1 Peter 2:6-7a Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture,
Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious:
and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto
you therefore which believe he is precious:
  as compared to 1 Peter 7b-8 but unto them which be
  disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is
  made the head of the corner, And a stone of stumbling, and a
  rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word,
  being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed

as compared to Peter 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a
royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye
should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out
of darkness into his marvellous light.

While reprobation is indeed very sad to
contemplate, it is also very true. I am thankful
that I am elect.

  Are you elect?
  Are you saved?
  Pray NOW to ask God to save you?
   If you need assistance, ask your neighbor

While the Bible does not speak in terms of the "marks"
of the "elect," I think it is safe to say that the Bible
does tell us something about identifying the elect.

For example, the elect who do not die in infancy
and/or who are not providentially hindered by maladies
such as severe mental retardation will profess faith,
and will persevere in their faith until the end.

However, this does not help distinguish them from those
who falsely profess faith and who outwardly appear to
persevere until the end. In fact, there is no way for us
to evaluate with certainty the state of another person's
soul, or his/her status with regard to election.

Election is one of God's eternal decrees, and
while we can know what some of these eternal
decrees are as they are revealed to us in
Scripture and/or creation, His decree of
election is not one which He has chosen to
reveal clearly in either Scripture or creation.

Peter does speak in terms of making certain
that we are elect, but the mere fact that he
speaks in terms of increasing certainty implies
that his readers do not and cannot have
absolute certainty.
 2 Peter 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give
 diligence to make your calling and election sure:
 for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:

Therefore, we should act according to whom
we are:

 Colossians 3:12 Put on therefore, as the elect of
 God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies,
 kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness,

Even Paul considered the possibility that he
was not of the elect (1 Cor. 4:4b-5; 9:23-27),
even though he was sure that he was elect (1
Cor. 4:3-4a; Eph. 1:4) and seems to have been
relatively sure about the election of others as
well (2 Thess. 2:13).

John likewise expressed a belief that another
was elect (2 John 1:13).

Probably the best way to reconcile these
passages is to say that we may be encouraged
regarding the election of people who
outwardly appear to be saved (professing faith,
doing good works), but we may not be
absolutely certain about their election because
the possibility remains that in the future they
will not exhibit these outward signs and will
instead appear to be reprobate.

If God elected everybody that will be saved,
than why do I need to share the Gospel and
pray? After all it is all finished – it is a done
deal RIGHT?

Example: Can God Change His Mind?

When we speak of God not changing we are speaking of His
nature. Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever
(Heb. 13:8). Theologically this is called God's immutability
(Num. 23:19; 1 Sam. 15:29; Isa. 46:9-11; Ezek. 24:14). God is
immutable in His essence, attributes, and counsels (or
plans). As Boyce states, "By the immutability of God is meant
that he is incapable of change, either in duration of life, or
in nature, character, will or happiness." However, this does
not mean that God never changes his mind (Jer. 18).

2 Kings 20 actually speaks of Hezekiah changing his mind
when approached by God through Amoz and God responding
to Hezekiah's change of heart. Moreover, it reveals that God's
eternal plan is unchangeable.
The text says,

2 Kings 20:1-11, 21, 2:1 In those days Hezekiah became ill and was at the
point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz went to him and said, "This
is what the LORD says: Put your house in order, because you are going to
die; you will not recover." Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and prayed
to the LORD, "Remember, O LORD, how I have walked before you faithfully
and with wholehearted devotion and have done what is good in your eyes."
And Hezekiah wept bitterly. Before Isaiah had left the middle court, the
word of the LORD came to him: "Go back and tell Hezekiah, the leader of
my people, 'This is what the LORD, the God of your father David, says: I
have heard your prayer and seen your tears; I will heal you. On the third day
from now you will go up to the temple of the LORD. I will add fifteen years
to your life.. …. Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king,
and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-five years. His mother's name was

In the text, God gives a conditional judgment. Hezekiah knew that God alone
determines when repentance will turn his wrath aside (2 Sam. 12:22; Joel 2:14; Jonah
3:9). Hezekiah repents and God adds fifteen (15) years to his life. If Hezekiah had not
repented then God — true to his nature — would have carried out his judgment in full.

However, God knew what he was doing. He knew his words would turn Hezekiah
around. How do we know this? It is important to note that during this "extra" fifteen
(15) years, Hezekiah had a son named Manasseh — who became king at age twelve (12).

Why is this significant? Manasseh was in the linage of Christ who was pre-ordained
before the foundation of the world (1 Pet. 1:19-20) to be born and die for the sins of his
people (Rom. 5:15). Matthew 1:10 states, "Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, Manasseh
the father of Amon, …" Without Hezekiah's repentance Manasseh would not have been
born and Christ's lineage destroyed. Thus, this reveals that God's eternal plan is always
on schedule and that he uses secondary causes (i.e. obedience to his word, repentance,
prayer, WCF 5: Of Providence, et. al.) to insure they do. This also shows that God did
not change his original plan to accommodate the sins of others. God's plan will never be
overthrown (Dan. 4:35; Psa. 115:3, etc.). God is immutable and sovereign.

So, God ALREADY has our secondary causes
(and lack thereof) included in His eternal plan.

 In traditional Reformed thinking, election
  isn’t just a matter of eventually getting
  saved. Rather, it’s accompanied by the idea
  that God foreordains ―whatsoever comes to
  pass‖ (Acts 4:28; cf. WCF 3.1).

 So, when He predestines individuals to
  salvation, He also foreordains the means by
  which they come to salvation (WCF 3.6) —
  the preaching of the evangelist, the willing
  response of the elect individual, what they
  had for breakfast, etc.
 Correspondingly,Reformed theology has
 consistently taught that evangelism is
 absolutely necessary in order to bring the
 elect to faith.

 The contrary line of thinking has historically
 been labeled ―hyper-Calvinism,‖ thought this
 is somewhat of a misnomer — it’s not the
 least bit Calvinistic, and is in many ways a
 rejection of the strong emphasis traditional
 Reformed theology places on evangelism and
 free will (WCF 3.1,6).
 Reformed  theologians have rejected the idea
 that because God’s election never fails,
 evangelism isn’t required to bring them to
 faith. The reason they’ve rejected this line
 of thinking is manifold, but it includes the
 fact that God has also foreordained the
 means by which the elect are saved, and has
 revealed that in ordinary cases that means is
 evangelism (Rom. 10:14).

 Thisis why Paul said he was ―innocent of the
 blood of all men‖ (Acts 20:26). He was
 innocent because he preached the gospel to
 everyone. The clear implication is that if he
 hadn’t preached to everyone, he would be
 guilty of the blood of those that weren’t
 saved. In other words, he wouldn’t have
 presented them with the means of salvation,
 and therefore they wouldn’t have had an
 opportunity to repent and be saved.

 Paul’sline of argument assumes that the
 elect need to hear the gospel in order to
 come to faith. And if we didn’t have other
 Scriptures that indicate that all elect will
 eventually come to faith (by means of
 receiving and believing the gospel), we might
 even conclude from Paul’s words that the
 elect can perish if they don’t hear the
 gospel. That’s how strongly Paul and other
 biblical authors emphasized the function of
 evangelism in bringing the elect to faith.

 Now,  we might be tempted to think that if a
 reprobate person dies without hearing the
 gospel, his blood is entirely on his own
 hands, as it were. But Scripture doesn’t see
 it this way. Certainly he’s guilty of his own
 sins, and he alone is punished for them. But
 we are also guilty of not trying to save him.

 In Scripture the doctrine of election is
  sometimes invoked in order to give comfort
  and security to those who are saved (Rom.
  8:28-29; 1 Cor. 2:7; Eph. 1:5,11). At other
  times it can be used to encourage success in
  evangelism, since we know that the burden
  of conversion lies with the Holy Spirit (cf.
  Acts 13:48). But Scripture never appeals to
  this doctrine in order to excuse inaction. It
  never says, ―They weren’t elect anyway, so
  don’t worry about the fact that you didn’t
  evangelism them.‖
 With regard to the Great Commission (Matt.
 28:18-20), it’s certainly true that making
 disciples of the nations should result in the
 nations becoming more peaceful and
 prosperous. In many ways, the Great
 Commission is an application of the Cultural
 Mandate (Gen. 1:28) that’s specific to the
 church age. And the ultimate goal of both
 the Cultural Mandate and the Great
 Commission is to turn the entire world into
 God’s earthly kingdom.

 So,yes, there is a very important pragmatic
 result of evangelizing early and often — it
 improves the world by building God’s
 kingdom more quickly. But there are also
 many other reasons for Reformed theologians
 to emphasize immediate and frequent

Thank You

 1.We do not know exactly what blasphemy
 of the Holy Spirit (BHS) is.

       A. This is because the context of Scripture is
      not completely clear.

        B. While not completely clear though, we can
      still understand several things concerning BHS.

   2. We do know two people groups that
    cannot commit BHS.

    ◦   A. Elect and presently saved (Christians).

    ◦      1. NOTHING will keep them from glory - Rom
    ◦      2. Jesus will not lose even one - lost sheep.
    ◦      3. Christians that fear they may have
            committed this unpardonable sin generally
            show by their very anxiety and repentance
            that they have not done so.
 B.   Elect and presently unsaved.

     1. Even those presently not saved, but who were
      elect BEFORE the foundation of the world (Eph.
      1:4-5, 11) cannot commit this sin.

     2. Election is a Divine decree. Divine decrees
      ALWAYS come into existence according to God’s
      express will (Isa. 55:11). So all the elect WILL BE
      and MUST BE saved (Rom. 8:29-30).

   Christians are predestined not just to initial salvation but to eternal
    salvation (Acts 13:47-48; Rom. 8:28-30; 9:18-24; Eph. 1:3-14; 1 Thess.
   Christ's death secured salvation for those for whom he died (Heb. 9:11-
   Justification (being declared righteous and forgiven by God) cannot be
    lost or revoked (Rom. 5:8-10,15-19; 8:1-4,9-11,29-30; Heb. 9:11-12).
   The saved/elect are given to Christ as a permanent possession (John
    6:35-40; 10:25-29).
   The saved/elect are kept secure in Christ by God (John 6:35-40; 10:25-
    29; Rom. 8:28-39; 1 Cor. 1:4-9; 2 Cor. 4:13-14; Eph. 1:13-14; 4:30; Phil.
    1:6; 3:20-21; Col. 3:3-4; 1 Thess. 5:23-24; 1 Pet. 1:3-5; 1 John 2:19; 5:4;
    Jude 1,24-25).
   Eternal life begins at conversion, and by definition may never end (John
    3:14-16,36; 4:14; 5:24; 6:35-40,44-58; 10:25-29; 17:1-3; 20:31; Rom.
    6:22-23; 1 Tim. 6:12; Heb. 9:15; 1 John 5:11-13,20).
   God is sovereign in salvation, his will must be accomplished, and he
    wills the perseverance of the saints (Job 42:1-2; Isa. 14:24,27; 46:8-11;
    Matt. 18:12-14; John 6:35-40).

   BHS may be the denial of Christ - most
 3.
 people's normal answer.

     A. However, there are some problems with this
         1. The denial of Jesus is forgivable.
           a. Paul was forgiven (Acts 8:1-3; 9:1-20).
           b. Paul's conversion contradicts some people's
            definition of BHS (Matt. 12:32).
         2. So, this definition does not work.

   4. So what do we know?

    ◦   A. Generally speaking BHS is attributing the work of
        the HS to Satan.
            1. This is seen in Matt 12:25-29 and Mark 3:23-27.
            2. These Scriptures deal with an exorcism.
            3. There is no reasonable explanation for the exorcism
             other than the power of the HS.
            4. The Pharisees rejection of the HS was ―informed‖ and
            5. Speaking from their evil hearts (Matt 12:34-35) they
             intentionally blasphemed what THEY KNEW to be the
             power of the HS.
             a. In general, blasphemy is speaking impiously,
               slandering, or using abusing language of another.

   Compare the reaction of the Pharisees
 5.
 here to the Christians above:

     A. Pharisee rejection of HS:
         1. Informed
         2. Willful
         3. Unrepentant

     B. Christian’s acceptance of HS:
         1. Repentant (Gift of HS – 2 Tim. 2:24-26)
         2. Anxiety (Rom. 8:5-8)

Romans 8:5-8

For those who live according to the flesh set
their minds on the things of the flesh, but
those who live according to the Spirit set
their minds on the things of the Spirit. For
to set the mind on the flesh is death, but to
set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace.
For the mind that is set on the flesh is
hostile to God, for it does not submit to
God’s law; indeed, it cannot. Those who are
in the flesh cannot please God.

   C. The unrepentant heart and mind is:

       1. Hostile toward God
       2. Does not submit to the law of God
       3. Cannot submit to the law of God

   D. The repentant heart and mind has:

       1. The mind of the Spirit
       2. Life thru faith (2 Tim. 1:7)
       3. Peace by casting its care upon God (1 Pet. 5:7; rest
        – Heb. 3)

 So,though we do NOT know exactly
 everything that entails BHS, we may assess
 the reactions of people.

Thank You


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