Add a Caption or a Title to the Passage
• Pick an appropriate passage, a short story, a
joke, or a cartoon picture.
• Have students read and try to come up with
the most appropriate title or caption.
• Have students compare their choices with one
Write a Mini Saga
• With a given topic, write a mini saga in any
format, e.g., story, dialog, poem.
• The mini saga has to be 50 words in length.
• Ask them to try to include a few ideas in their
• Have students share their writings with each
other and try to interpret each other’s work.
• Provide a few passages with blanks and
choices for the blanks.
• Teach them how to read and comprehend the
passages and use the context clues to figure
out the best answers to complete the
Hypertext Flash Cards
• When reading a passage, provide a few hot
areas that contain extra information for words
• This can be done with the bookmark features
in MS Word.
• Teach students how to do it and let them
create their own Hypertext Flash Cards to
study. They’ll enjoy it.
Create Two-column Notes
• Use the word processing table or the spreadsheet
program to put information in two columns.
• One column contains the words or phrases. The
other column contains extra definition and usage
information and examples. In the second column,
leave the voc words blank, except the first and
the last letters.
• Print out the notes and fold them for them to
• The Solar System: The nine planets in our solar
system are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,
Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Making up a
mnemonic phrase is a good way to remember the
order of the planets, from closest to the Sun to
furthest away. In a mnemonic phrase, the first letter
of each word helps you remember a list of things.
• My Very Educated Mother Just Sent Us Nine Pizzas.
• Pluto has been dropped from the list.
Create an Idea Puzzle
• Use the concept mapping tools.
• Cut out ideas and have students sort out the
ideas and organize them in groups or
Replace Words with Pictures and
Symbols for Young Readers
Turn a Reading Passage into Dialogs
• Use your creativity to come up with a scenario
to turn the reading passage into dialogs.
• Have students practice the dialogs.
Have Students Record Their Own Reading
• Have students practice to master their own
• Use computer and microphone to record
student’s own reading to a recording program
or a PowerPoint Slide.
Learn New Words with Examples
• Learn new words at the sentence levels.
• Provide them with more sentence examples
and ask them to explain the meaning of the
• Use synonyms and antonyms.
• Teach students to create sentences with newly
Using Synthetic Speech
• The synthetic speech can allow many different
• Some synthetic speech programs will allow
users to customize the pitch and speed, and
highlight words as they are read.
• Teachers can prepare a passages for younger
or ELL students to learn to read.
• The synthetic speech programs can read
Using Fun Challenges
• If you have a 3 gallon pail and a 4 gallon pail,
how can you measure the amount of water for
• Suppose you have a 3-quart and an 8-quart
pail, with no markings on either pail. How can
you use these pails to get exactly 4 quarts of
water in the largest pail? (Grades 4-6)
• At what time is the sum of the digits on a
digital clock the greatest? (Grade 3)
Curious Mind - Why
• Why do mosquitoes buzz in our ears?
• Is my ancestor greater than Christopher
Columbus who discovered America? Why?
• Are zebras white with black stripes or black
with white stripes?
• Why something sink and others float in water?
• How did scientists know how hot the sun is if
they had never been there?
Games for Factual Information
• Historical figures: Who am I?
• Who want to be a millionaire?
• Jeopardy game
Teach students to paraphrase
• Read a paragraph and try to express it in one’s
• Try to say the same thing using three different
ways and paragraphs.
Teach students to summarize
• Read a passage, an article, or a chapter from a
book, and summarize it.
• Try to write the summary in lesson than 30
• Try to identify the most important concepts,
key words, key phrases.
• Teach students to outline.
Music and Lyrics
• Play music associated with the learning
• Write lyrics for a popular theme song to help
students learn and memorize factual
information, for examples, 50 states, capitals.
• Use pictures to explain things or events, for
example, the prairie, poverty.
• Have students watch and analyze the visuals.
• Hold discussions based on the visuals.
• To provide a quick and efficient overview
about the learning topics. (How can you cover
an introduction of continent, landform,
climate, and natural resources in 5 minutes?)
Teach Them Procedures
• Demonstrate how math problems are solved.
• Break down the problems.
• Provide steps.
• Reinforce the learning of the logic about the
steps and sequences.
• Have students think through the steps.
• Provide more meaningful exercise problems.
• Round Robin
• Teach high frequency words.
• Teach vocabulary in context.
• Teach usages of vocabulary words.
• Engage students in using new words in their
speaking and writing.
• Use device such as word wall, personal flash
cards, journal to enhance the learning.
Using Tools and Resources
• Web sites
Find Hidden Pictures