CEPIN Fact Sheets by coryelJudie

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 7

									12 The GA-SK                                                                                                                     TDI



                                          CEPIN: Fact Sheets

                 Here are some excerpts of fact sheets that CEPIN will be developing. Currently, there will be
                 two types of fact sheets that we will be handing out at workshops and making available online;
                 “Receiving Information” by NVRC and “Are You Ready?” by CSD.

                 NOTE: This material was compiled by TDI and CEPIN Regional Partners to provide information
                 on the various technologies available throughout the United States. Non-commercial reproduction
                 is encouraged with acknowledgment of the source. TDI is a resource and advocacy center promot-
                 ing equal access to telecommunications and media access for people who are deaf, late-deafened,
                 hard-of-hearing or deaf-blind. TDI has no affiliation with any company listed, and does not offer
                 accuracy or endorsement. Furthermore, TDI does not warrant any product or services mentioned
                 herein to be in compliance with Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Section 508
                 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, or any other Federal state or local laws. This Fact Sheet is a
                 working document, where its contents would be modified from time to time. Please contact TDI
                 for recent updates or if you are aware of corrections or additions. This document is available in
                 alternate formats upon request.

                 This project was supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 2004-GT-T4-K008 administered
                 by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office for Domestic Preparedness. Points of views
                 or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not represent the official position or
                 policies of the U.S. Department of Homeland security.

                 Check for updates frequently at the CEPIN website at:

                                   www.tdi-online.org/tdi/resources.emergency.asp




                    Receiving Information in an Emergency
                                            Text Emergency Alerts
        Nationwide Emergency                     Local Government Emergency                to be sent by e-mail. Those websites
          Alerting Programs                            Alerting Systems                    sometimes offer useful advice and emer-
                                                                                           gency preparation tips.
Emergency Email Network Text                 Text Emergency Alerts are also provided
Emergency Alerts may be sent to              by several jurisdictions throughout the       Be sure to call 9-1-1 from a landline
your email address, pager, cell phone        country for people who live or work in        (wired) telephone by voice or with a TTY.
and/or fax by signing up with the Emer-      selected metropolitan areas.                  This way, the 9-1-1 operator knows where
gency Email Network,                                                                       you are calling from. If you use any type
www.emergencyemailnetwork.com.               When you sign up, you will receive text       of relay, cell phone or the Internet, you
                                             messages to pagers, cell phones, and/or       must tell the operator exactly what loca-
This is a free service supported by spon-    email. You can choose which alert to          tion you are calling from. If it is not a
sors who advertise on the site. You          receive and make changes at any time.         life threatening emergency, call 3-1-1 in
may sign up to receive alerts on Severe      Local governments also use their web-         many local jurisdictions or find the local
Weather Information, Homeland Security       sites, government cable television and        non-emergency number for your police
events, Cyber Threats to your computer,      emergency information lines to alert the      department.
Organ Donation, Daily Weather Forecasts      public in the event of an emergency.
(if available), Routine Blood Drives/Red     Some places provide text messaging in
Cross, and AMBER Alerts (as available).      Spanish (Tambien se puede receibir infor-
                                             mation en Espanol.)

                                             Many local television broadcasters have
                                             websites where you can sign up for alerts

                                     “Promoting Equal Access to Telecommunications & Media ...”
TDI                                                                                                                     The GA-SK 13


                      Receiving Information in an Emergency
                                                        Televisions
All televisions 13” and larger are required                                                 * Receives:
to have the ability to show closed caption-
ing. Smaller TVs are not required to provide                                                • NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmo-
captioning capability, and most do not.                                                     spheric Administration) weather events,
                                                                                            such as hurricanes, flash floods or torna-
In an emergency, the Federal Commu-                                                         dos
nications Commission (FCC) has ruled
that broadcasters, cable operators and sat-                                                 • State and County civil emergency
ellite television services must ensure that             Sony ICF CD 555 TV                  alerts, such as chemical spills, gas line
the audio portion of the programming is                                                     breaks, train derailments, nuclear power
made accessible using closed captioning        7” flat screen with CD player, FM/AM         plant emergencies, AMBER Alerts, and
or other methods of visual presentation,       tuner                                        local school closings where provided by
such as open captioning, crawls, or scrolls    16 lb.                                       counties.
that appear on the screen. Portable televi-    Retail, approx. $400
sions are a useful tool in an emergency,                                                    • FEMA (Federal Emergency Manage-
particularly those with adapters that plug                                                  ment Agency) high-level state or federal
into a car’s cigarette lighter should you                                                   emergency alerts, such as national attack
lose power or need to evacuate. The fol-                                                    warnings.
lowing is a short list of those we have
found to date.                                                                              • The television will provide an alert
                                                                                            whenever it’s receiving electricity, regard-
Please be aware that models currently avail-                                                less of where the television signal comes
able may be discontinued at any time and                                                    from (broadcast, cable, satellite), how the
new small televisions may be developed                                                      TV is being used (watching programs,
that include captioning capability. Check to                                                playing tapes or video games), or whether
                                                  RCA E09344 Portable Television
be sure the model you purchase has the                                                      it’s turned on.
captioning and the portability you need.
                                               9” portable TV
                                                                                              Non-captioned Portable Televisions
                                               20 lbs.
            Small Televisions
                                               Retail, approx. $200.00
         with Caption Capability                                                            The small televisions start at $25.00, and
                                                                                            include the Sony Video Walkman as well
                                                       Other Television Options
                                                                                            as black and white “hurricane” televi-
                                                                                            sions. Some of these portable televisions
                                                                                            also include an AM/FM radio. Most are
                                                                                            available with headphone jacks that may
                                                                                            be compatible with neckloops or other
                                                                                            patch cords to hearing aids or cochlear
                                                                                            implants. Check in advance to see if you
                                                                                            can see and hear enough on these televi-
                                                                                            sions to make sure they will be useful to
                                                                                            you in an emergency.
            Toshiba MD9DP1
                                                                                            Q - Where do I go to find a portable
9” DVD combination
                                                                                            television that meets my needs?
Includes a car cigarette lighter adapter
17.5 lbs.
                                                                                            A - You can find portable televisions by
Retail, approx $200.00
                                                                                            searching the Internet for - portable tele-
      The following two televisions                                                         visions - using a search engine such as
                                               RCA 20”, 27”, 32” screen sizes
      are small and captioned, but                                                          Yahoo.com or Google.com. However, we
                                               TruFlat TV with Alert Guard
      don’t appear to be battery oper-                                                      strongly suggest you visit a retail outlet
                                               Retails at approx $200 (for 20” TV)
      ated or able to be powered via                                                        where you have an opportunity to see the
      your car’s cigarette lighter. Ask                                                     captioning for readability and/or test your
                                               * Alerts provided via a choice of caption-
      your retailer about what these                                                        ability to hear the sound using a neckloop
                                               ing, chimes, siren, and voice information
      or other small televisions can                                                        or a patch cord in the headphone jack
      offer you:                                                                            before you purchase the television.
                                                           www.tdi-online.org
14 The GA-SK                                                                                                                           TDI


                     Receiving Information in an Emergency
                                               NOAA Weather Radios
                                                Be aware that there are many other            • Receives all 7 NOAA channels plus
                                                models available, which may or may not        programmable specific geographic areas
                                                include text. This list should not be con-    (SAME Technology) for reception of
                                                sidered comprehensive or an endorsement       local public alert and weather reports.
                                                of any model, nor should exclusion be
                                                viewed as rejection of any model.             • Audio output jack works for headphones
                                                                                              or external audio amplifier

                                                                                              • LED displays 48 different watches or
                                                                                              warnings.

                                                                                              • Backup/portable use requires 4 AA
                                                                                              alkaline batteries (not included).

                                                                                              • Includes external jacks for visual or tac-
NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmo-                                                              tile alerting accessories.
spheric Administration) Weather Radios
broadcast National Weather Service                                                            • Retail, approx $80.00
warnings, watches, forecasts and other               HomeSafe Model 2005
hazard information 24 hours a day.                    HS Public Alert and
Broadcasts include weather events, such               Weather Alert Radio
as hurricanes, flash floods or tornado,              www.homesafeinc.com
state & local civil emergency alerts, such
as chemical spills, gas line breaks, train      • Receives all 7 NOAA channels plus
derailments, nuclear power plant emer-          programmable specific geographic areas
gencies, AMBER alerts, and local school         (SAME Technology) for reception of
closings where provided by cities or            local public alert and weather reports.
counties, and FEMA (Federal Emergency
Management Agency) alerts, high-level           • An alert warning signal automatically
state or federal emergency alerts, such as      activates-sounding a siren, turning on the
terrorist attack incidents.                     radio and displaying the alert description.

Be aware that the text messages available       • Includes an alert control jack to connect
on Weather Radios at this time are short                                                               Weather Radio
                                                the monitor to visual or tactile alerting
messages only and do not have informa-          devices (sold separately).                              Model WX-67
tion as complete as you would receive                                                                 www.silentcall.com
by listening to voice broadcasts. You can       • Retail, approx $80.00
also sign up to receive short message text                                                    • Receives all 7 NOAA channels plus
alerts via pager, cell phone or other wire-                                                   programmable specific geographic areas
less device. To get a full text message, it                                                   (SAME Technology) for reception of
may help to sign up for alerts that are sent                                                  local public alert and weather reports.
to your computer via email.
                                                                                              • LCD readout identifies the specific
Many of these radios have jacks to allow                                                      warning, such as a tornado watch
you to connect them to alerting devices
such as a visual (strobe or other bright                                                      • An external jack connects optional
light) or tactile (vibrating) alert. Make                                                     accessories for either a transmitter, vibra-
sure the model you select has the features                                                    tor, or visual alert.
you need.
                                                        Midland WR 300                        • Retail, approx $95.00
The following is a list of weather radios              Emergency Alert
that provide text as well as audible notifi-
cation. A full description can be found on
                                                        Weather Radio
the website listed for each model.                    www.computty.com or
                                                      www.harriscomm.com
                                        “Promoting Equal Access to Telecommunications & Media ...”
TDI                                                                                                                            The GA-SK 15


                       Receiving Information in an Emergency
                                    NOAA Weather Radios                                 (Continued)
The following does not appear to provide a                                                Other Radios
connecting jack for assistive alerting devices,
but does provide short text messages:                  Traditional radios are an option for some people, who can hear a radio
                                                       using a neckloop, silhouette, direct audio input or cochlear implant patch
                                                       cord. Try out the radio before purchase to see which, if any, work for you.
                                                       These radios do not provide text.




       ShareCom WRP-500
      www.weatherradios.com

• Receives all 7 NOAA channels plus
programmable specific geographic areas
(SAME Technology) for reception of
                                                             AM/FM/TV Radios                      Grundig FR300 Emergency Radio with
local public alert and weather reports.
                                                                                                  TV/Weather/AM/FM Bands (201-9118)
                                                  • Capture the audio from both radio and
• Sets your local SAME code (county
                                                  television broadcasts - not cable television.   • Crank-powered (provides power to a re-
code) and local channel automatically.
                                                                                                  chargeable battery)
                                                  • A number of manufacturers make these
• Displays alert messages and over 3,200
                                                  radios and range in price from $30 on up,       • Retail, approx. $50.00
US county maps.
                                                  depending on features offered and retailer
                                                  or online distributor.
• Retail, approx $150.00


         Surviving Charley                        former roommate told me online. I was           ricane would hit Orlando. Oh boy I was
                                                  surprised to learn that Hurricane Charley       wrong! It severely hit us right in middle
Editor’s Note: Dawnell Douthit is a young         would come on Friday. I didn’t watch the        of Orlando suburban area. The power was
energetic volunteer here at TDI. While            news or hear about the warnings. At least,      knocked out. Annie and I had no clue
I was planning this issue of the GA-SK,           I stayed at my orally deaf friend’s house       about the status of Hurricane Charley due
I thought it would be interesting to seek         for safety. She received the news from          to lack of access to TV and Internet. We
her perspective of                                her hearing neighbors. Luckily, we pre-         couldn’t hear the radio. We relied on her
emergency prepared-                               pared the night before Hurricane Charley’s      neighbors for the updates. It was difficult
ness. This summer,                                arrival. We were glued to the TV for hur-       for us to not know what processed during
she will be attending                             ricane updates all day waiting for it.          and after the hurricane. We endured no
graduate school on a                                                                              power for one night and two days. We
scholarship at West-                              The media consisted Spanish language for        still couldn’t use the Internet for making
ern Oregon Univer-                                Latino-Americans since Florida has the          relay calls. We asked her neighbors to help
sity and pursue her                               highest Hispanic population. Few of the         call our families to inform them that we
career goals as a                                 channels didn’t have captions except NBC,       survived the natural disaster. The deaf resi-
social worker.                                    ABC, and CBS. We still had time to access       dents were affected due to not able using
                                                  the Internet for making relay calls to          TTY’s, and receiving interpreters for their
Let me tell you about an event I have expe-       family/friends, although; they could know       appointments. We felt as if we were stuck
rienced firsthand that I will not able to live    that we would be okay. I assumed that my        in a cave without technology and power.
down: Hurricane Charley on August 13th,           family didn’t know about the news, but          It’s still a struggle for us, although; emer-
2004. It happened on Friday 13th. The             they had already received word. It was my       gency preparedness is still in its infancy.
day before Hurricane Charley, I absolutely        first close up experience with Hurricane        We were very grateful that we got through
didn’t know about that until my hearing           Charley. I didn’t think that the eye of hur-    Hurricane Charley.

                                                              www.tdi-online.org
16 The GA-SK                                                                                                                           TDI


                                                  Are You Ready?
                                                            Flooding
Flood water can be dangerous. The power         Flash Flood Watch - Flash flood is pos-            and go a different way.
of six inches of moving water can knock         sible. Be prepared to move to higher             • If your car stalls, leave the car
people off their feet. The best protection      ground and watch television or check               and climb to higher ground.
during a flood is to leave the area and go      your pager.                                        Many deaths have happened
to shelter on higher ground.                                                                       from trying to move your car in
                                                Flood Warning - Flooding is happening              flooded area.
Before: Ask your local emergency man-           or will happen soon. If ordered to leave
agement or local Red Cross if your prop-        please leave now.                             During the Flood:
erty is above or below the flood stage
                                                                                                • If told to leave please leave
and learn about the history in your area.       Flash Flood Warning - A flash flood is
Plan and practice an evacuation by con-         happening please move to higher ground          • Evacuation is easier and safer
tacting your local emergency manage-            on foot now.                                       before floodwaters become too
ment or Red Cross for the community                                                                deep that vehicles cannot drive
flood evacuation plan.                          Make sure that all family members know             through.
                                                how to be prepared after a flood or flash       • Check your pager for evacuation
Have supplies on hand:                          flood.                                             instructions.
  • Flashlight and extra batteries                  • Teach all family members how              • Follow the evacuation instructions
  • Batteries for hearing aid or                      and when to turn off gas electric            and do not try to take shortcuts.
    cochlear implant equipment                        and water                                 • Leave early to avoid to floods in
  • Cell phone with text message                    • Teach children how to call 911,              your area.
    feature or 2-way pager and char-                  police, fire department, and which
    ger to use in your automobile.                    television channel to watch for         Inspecting damaged home:
                                                      emergency information.
  • Portable TTY with extra batteries
                                                                                              Wear strong shoes and use flashlight or
  • Portable battery operated televi-                                                         battery powered lantern when examining
    sion with extra batteries and char-                                                       the building. Examine walls, floors, doors
                                                During the flood:
    ger to use in your automobile.                                                            and windows to make sure that the build-
  • First aid kit                               If at home:                                   ing will not collapse. Watch out for ani-
  • Food and water                                                                            mals especially sakes that make have
                                                    • Check your pager or turn on tele-
                                                                                              come into your home with the floodwater.
  • Non electric can opener                           vision to get the latest emer-
                                                                                              Use a stick to check through the debris.
  • Cash and credit cards                             gency information.
                                                                                              Look for loose plaster and ceiling that
  • Work or hiking shoes/boots to                   • Get your emergency supplies.            could fall on you. Take pictures of the
    protect your feet when walking                  • If a person ordered you to leave        inside and outside of the house for insur-
    thru disaster area.                               please leave now.                       ance. Look for broken or leaking gas
                                                                                              lines. Watch out for flooded electric cir-
Develop an emergency communication              If Outside:                                   cuits and appliances that may cause fire.
plan: In case family members are sep-               • Climb to the highest ground and         Throw away food including canned food
arated from one another during a flood,               stay there.                             that may have absorbed the floodwater.
have a back-up plan where you can meet
                                                    • Avoid walking
each other. Ask an out of the state relative
                                                      through any
or friend to be the contact person. After
                                                      floodwater. If
the disaster, contact the designated contact
                                                      the water is
person by pager or TTY. If you don’t
                                                      moving, even
have a pager or a working TTY ask a hear-
                                                      if the water is
ing person with a cell phone to call your
                                                      6 inches it can
contact person. Be sure everyone in the
                                                      carry you off
family member knows the name, address,
                                                      your feet.
and phone number of the contact person.
                                                If in a Car:
Flood Watch and Flood Warning:
                                                    • If you drive to
Flood Watch - Flooding is possible. Watch             a flooded area
television or check your pager for warnings           turn around

                                        “Promoting Equal Access to Telecommunications & Media ...”
TDI                                                                                                                      The GA-SK 17


                                                 Are You Ready?
                                                         Tornadoes
When tornado is coming, you have a             tornado watch is an announcement by           If at school or work:
short time to make a decision. Plan ahead      the National Weather Service when torna-          • Go to the basement or to an inside
and quick respond will keep you and your       does are possible in your area. Watch for            hallway at the lowest level.
family safe.                                   approaching storms. This is a good time           • Avoid places like the auditorium,
                                               to remind your family members where                  cafeteria, large hallway or shop-
Before: Practice tornado drills each tor-      the safest places are in your home and to            ping mall.
nado season. Find an area in the home as       check your pager or websites for further          • Get under strong furniture such
a shelter and have you and your family         warnings. A tornado watch means there                as heavy table or desk and hold
practice how to get to the shelter. It is      may be a possible tornado in your area. A            on to it.
critically important that you work with        tornado warning means that the tornado            • Use your arm to cover your head
the local police and fire department, Red      has already been seen in the area.                   and neck
Cross Emergency Disaster program to
address any gaps in alerting and warning       Mobile Homes: Mobile homes are the            Inspecting utilities in damaged home:
systems if the local television station is     most dangerous places in a tornado. A
not accessible. Make sure they have            mobile home can flip over easy even if        Check for gas leaks, if you smell gas
information ready for the deaf and hard of     it tied down. When there is a tornado in      leak or suspect a possible leak, open a
hearing community.                             your area, take shelter in a building with    window and leave the building now. Turn
                                               strong foundation. If there are no build-     off the gas outside at the main valve. Ask
Have supplies on hand:                         ings nearby, lie in the ditch or a low safe   your neighbor contact the gas company
  • Flashlight and extra batteries             area away from the buildings.                 for you. If the gas has been turned off,
  • Batteries for hearing aid or                                                             let the gas company turn your gas back
    cochlear implant equipment                 Tornado Danger Signs:                         on. Look for electrical damage. If you see
  • Cell phone with text message                  • Approaching clouds of debris             sparks, frayed wires or if you smell hot
    feature or 2-way pager and char-                can spot the location of a tornado       insulation, turn your electrical power off
    ger to use in your automobile.                  even if the funnel does not touch        at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. If
                                                    the ground.                              there are sewage lines or water pipes by
  • Portable TTY with extra batteries
                                                  • Before a tornado touches the             the fuse box or circuit breaker, please call
  • Portable battery operated televi-               ground, the winds may die down           the electrician. Check sewage line and
    sion with extra batteries and char-             and the air may become very still.       water pipes for any damage. If there is
    ger to use in your automobile.
                                                  • Tornado happens near the edge            damage on the sewage line, avoid using
  • First aid kit                                   of a thunderstorm. It is not             a toilet and contact a plumber. If there is
  • Food and water                                  unusual to see sunshine and clear        damage on water pipes, avoid using the
  • Non electric can opener                         skies behind the tornado.                water. You can use water from ice cube
  • Cash and credit cards                                                                    trays in your freezer.
  • Work or hiking shoes/boots to              During the tornado:
    protect your feet when walking
    thru disaster area.                        If at home:
                                                   • Go to a room with no windows,
Develop an emergency communication                   storm shelter, basement, or a
plan: In case family members are sepa-               lower level of the building.
rated from one another during a flood,             • If there is no basement, go to a           Fujita - Pearson Tornado Scale
have a back-up plan where you can meet               hallway or a smaller room with-
each other. Ask an out of the state relative         out windows such as a bathroom          F-0: 40-72 mph, chimney damage,
or friend to be the contact person. After            or a closet. Get away from the          tree branches broken
                                                     windows.                                F-1: 73-112 mph, mobile homes pushed
the disaster, contact the designated con-
tact person by pager or TTY. If you don’t          • Go to the center of the room.           off foundation or overturned
have a pager or a working TTY ask a                  Stay away from the corner they          F-2: 113-157 mph, considerable damage,
                                                     tend to attract debris.                 mobile homes demolished, trees uprooted
hearing person with a cell phone to call
your contact person. Be sure everyone              • Get under strong furniture such         F-3: 158-205 mph, roofs and walls torn
in the family member knows the name,                 as heavy table or desk and hold         down, trains overturned, cars thrown
                                                     on to it.                               F-4: 207-260 mph, well-constructed
address, and phone number of the contact
person.                                            • Use your arm to cover your head         walls leveled
                                                     and neck.                               F-5: 261-318 mph, homes lifted off foun-
Tornado Watches and Warning: The                   • If you are in a mobile home, get        dation and carried considerable distances,
                                                     out and find a safe place.              autos thrown as far as 100 meters
                                                           www.tdi-online.org
18 The GA-SK                                                                                                                                                             TDI


                                                              Are You Ready?
                                                                       Hurricanes
    The Power of Hurricanes                                arated from one another during a flood,                     where people gather to get information.
                                                           have a back-up plan where you can meet                      Follow instructions if ordered to leave.
Hurricane can generate tornadoes; floods                   each other. Ask an out of the state relative                   • Check your emergency supplies,
and flash are created by pouring rain that                 or friend to be the contact person. After                        Store drinking water in clean bathtub,
go with hurricane. Even more dangerous                     the disaster, contact the designated contact                     jugs, bottle and cooking utensils.
is the storms swell up on the ocean to                     person by pager or TTY. If you don’t
                                                           have a pager or a working TTY ask a hear-                      • Bring in outdoor lawn furniture, toys
25 feet high and 50 to 100 miles wide.
                                                           ing person with a cell phone to call your                        and garden tools inside that could
The swell can destroy the communities
                                                           contact person. Be sure everyone in the                          harm you and your family. Remove
by the coast. When hurricane come the
                                                           family member knows the name, address,                           outdoor antenna if you can.
sky darken and wind get stronger. Once
hurricane near land it can bring pouring                   and phone number of the contact person.                        • Secure your home by installing hur-
rain and high winds. A hurricane can go                                                                                     ricane shutters or precut plywood.
up to 74 to 160 miles per hour winds.                      Hurricane /Tropical Storm Watches                              • Turn the refrigerator and freezer
                                                           and Warning:                                                     on coldest settings unless offi-
Before: Practice hurricane drill each                                                                                       cials tell you to turn off the elec-
hurricane season. Find a local Red Cross                   Hurricane/Tropical Storm Watch -                                 trical power.
or Emergency planning area and have you                    Hurricane/Tropical storm conditions are                        • Put gas in your car. Review evac-
and your family practice how to get to the                 possible in specific areas.                                      uation route and get your emer-
nearest shelter.                                                                                                            gency supplies ready when are
                                                           Hurricane/Tropical Storm Warning -                               told to leave.
Have supplies on hand:                                     Hurricane/tropical conditions are                              • Save important papers in a water-
  • Flashlight and extra batteries                         expected in the specific areas, usually                          proof container.
  • Batteries for hearing aid or                           within 24 hours.                                               • If you have a boat, tie it up or
    cochlear implant equipment                                                                                              move it to a safe place.
  • Cell phone with text message                           If Evacuation is Necessary: If
    feature or 2-way pager and char-                                                                                   After Hurricane: When it okay to
    ger to use in your automobile.                         officials order evacuation, leave now.
                                                           Avoid flooded roads and watch for                           go home, look out for loose or downed
  • Portable TTY with extra batteries                                                                                  power lines.
                                                           bridges that are damaged. Fix your home
  • Portable battery operated televi-
    sion with extra batteries and char-                    by unplugging all of your appliances and
                                                                                                                       Enter your home carefully. Open window
    ger to use in your automobile.                         turn off all electrical power and water
                                                                                                                       and doors to dry out your home. Do not
  • First aid kit                                          supply. If time allows, move furniture to                   use candles or open flames in house. Use
  • Food and water                                         upper floors to protect it from flooding.                   a flashlight to look for damage.
  • Non electric can opener
                                                           When Hurricane Watch or Warning is                          Check for gas leaks. If you smell gas leave
  • Cash and credit cards                                  Issued: Watch television if closed                          the building now and leave the door open.
  • Work or hiking shoes/boots to                          captioning is available or check pager
    protect your feet when walking                                                                                     Call or ask someone to call the gas company.
                                                           and Internet for hurricane reports. If no
    thru disaster area.                                    warning information is accessible, call                     Look for electrical damage. If you see
                                                           the local television station, Red Cross                     sparks, turn off the electricity at the main
Develop an emergency communication                         emergency shelter, or a family member/                      fuse box.
plan: In case family members are sep-                      friends. If not, go to the nearest shelter

                                                         Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
    Scale Number (Category)                Sustained Winds (MPH)                                            Damage                                      Storm Surge
                    1                                  74-95                Minimal: Unanchored mobile homes, vegetation and signs.                         4-5 feet
                    2                                 96-110                   Moderate: All mobile homes, roofs, small crafts, flood.                      6-8 feet
                    3                                111-130                      Extensive: Small buildings, low-lying roads cut off.                     9-12 feet

                    4                                131-155                    Extreme: Roofs destroyed, trees down, roads cut off,
                                                                                  mobile homes destroyed. Beach homes flooded.                            13-18 feet

                    5                                  > 155                          Catastrophic: Most buildings destroyed.
                                                                             Vegetation destroyed. Major roads cut off. Homes flooded.                     > 18 feet
 Weather terms used for Hurricane Season: Advisory -Hurricane and storm information is distributed to the public every six hours. Special Advisory - Information distributed
 when there are important changes in storm-related weather conditions. Gale Warning - Continued winds of 35-54 mph and strong wave action are expected. Tropical
 Disturbance - A moving area of thunderstorm in it tropics. Tropical Depression - An area of low pressure turning circulation of clouds and winds up to 38 mph is
 recognized. Tropical Storm - A storm set apart by counterclockwise circulation of clouds and winds 39-73 mph is developing.


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