Research proposal (attach additional sheets if needed) by coryelJudie

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									M-POWER Fellowship Research Proposal                    July 2006                                   Surangrut Jumnianpol




    Research proposal (attach additional sheets if needed)
    1. Full title
    Politics of Water Governance in Thailand: A Case Study in Eastern Region

    2. Short title
    Politics of Water Governance in Thailand
    3. Summary
    This research focuses on the politics of water governance 1 in the Eastern region river Basin of
    Thailand. It involves the recent water conflicts between local farmers, household users and industrial
    sector. The proposed research is an examination of the two contradictory frameworks water
    governance of the region and strategic interactions among multi-stakeholders involved.


    The selected research sites: The Bangpakong, Prasae and Ton Le Sab River Basin in Eastern Thailand
    are worthy of study because they represent the classic case of material and ideological conflicts
    between industrialists and local farmers.
    4. Rationale & background
    On August 3rd 2005, thousands of farmers in Rayong had rallied against the diversion of water from
    Prasae river to the Eastern Seaboard Industrial Estates at the expense of water shortage in
    agricultural sector. These relatively recent demonstrations in Rayong can be seen in the same manner
    as other hundreds of protests in the form of the so-called “street politics” mostly as a result of
    conflicts over the use and allocation of water between local farmers and industrial enterprises.
    Elsewhere in Thailand, conflicts over natural resources, be they water, land, forest; seem to be
    increasingly intense especially during the turn of the new millennium. Unfortunately, the existing
    water management structure is severely limited by the handle of government incorporated with the
    industrial and reflected insufficiently in various kinds of stakeholders, consequently these kinds of
    conflict tend to be ill-managed and in some cases escalated into violence.
    In studying the conflict or competition over natural resources and particularly water allocation in
    Thailand, most scholars have focused on some particular aspects such as institutions, legal and
    economic frameworks in which these conflicts occur. Very little empirical research has been paid
    attention to the interactions of various actors involved such as local administration, central
    government, industries, farmers, as well as international factors. Therefore, I propose to study the
    strategic interaction among multi-stakeholders within regional water governance structure. To study
    water conflicts under the water governance framework, it enables researchers to integrate almost all
    aspects from economic and legal to social, political and cultural into analytical consideration.
    5. Research questions
    1. What kind of water governance that governs water management and allocation in the Eastern
       region river basin of Thailand?
    2. What is the impact of the existing water governance structures on the actors within water policy

    1
        The term “water governance” in this proposal refers to “the range of political, social, economic and
    administrative systems that are in place to develop and manage water resources and the delivery of water
    services, at different levels of society”. See also in detail in UNESCO and World Water Assessment
    Programme. Water for People, Water for Life. (Barcelona: UNESCO, 2003). P. 371-372. Available from
    www.unesco.org/water/wwap/wwdr/pdf/chap15.pdf


    fellowship_surangrut                                                                             Page 2 of 5
M-POWER Fellowship Research Proposal                July 2006                                  Surangrut Jumnianpol



         network and do these structures constrain or facilitate agenda toward democratizing water
         governance?
    6. Methods & study design
    To illustrate the limitation of state-market dominant process in the existing water management, the
    research will explore and analyze the various actors (stakeholders) and examine how dialogue
    between them could accomplish and how their strategic interaction would be. Subsequently, it will
    point to the limitation of the existing structure which inadequately reflected multi-stakeholders.
    Finally, the research will suggest how the dialogue between multi-stakeholders (civil societies, state
    and market) in water policy network can be more effective.
    The proposed research will use qualitative research method. In this light, data will be gathered from
    a variety of sources. In the first place, I will examine the existing literature on water conflicts, water
    management and water governance. I will specifically focus on the local conflicts and past
    institutional designs in dealing with conflict circumstances. In addition, I will examine international
    experiences coping with the same situation and the ways and conditions of successful and peaceful
    governance. Besides, the very concept of “water governance” will be thoroughly and analytically
    explored as well as past experiences of successful or unsuccessful translation of concept into policy
    actions.
    Equally important is the fieldwork research. I will then conduct in-depth interviews and focus group
    discussions with various actors involved in water policy network, be the policy decision makers in the
    central government, civil society organization, industrial firms operating in the Eastern Seaboard
    Industrial Estate, local farmer, local administration officers and Eastern Water PCL.
    Last but not least, before submittal of research paper to M-POWER, a results-sharing workshop will
    be held with water policy network, related academic researchers such as TDRI, and other interested
    parties.
    7. Activities with approximate time-line (200 words or less)
    July.–Sept. 2006          Review literature on water conflicts, water management and water
                              governance, focus on the local conflicts and past institutional designs in
                              dealing with conflict circumstances, examine international experiences
                              coping with the same situation and the ways and conditions of successful
                              and peaceful governance.
    Oct. 2006 –Mar 2007       Fieldwork interviews and focus group discussion with actor in water policy
                              network in the governmental sector (namely Royal Irrigation Department,
                              Department of Water Resources, Thailand’s National Water Resources
                              Committee (NWRC), River Basin Committee), civil society organizations
                              and local farmer, industrial firms in Eastern Seaboard Industrial Estate and
                              the Eastern Water PCL as a monopolized water management business in
                              the Eastern Region.
    Apr. 2007- June 2007      Organization, assimilation and analysis of information.
    July 2007 – Nov. 2007     Write up results
    Dec. 2007                 Final Draft. Results-sharing workshop with water policy networks, civil
                              society and related academic researcher and submittal of research paper to
                              M-Power
    8. Expected outcomes

      - Deep understanding of water management of the Eastern region, Thailand that always cause



    fellowship_surangrut                                                                       Page 3 of 5
M-POWER Fellowship Research Proposal                July 2006                                  Surangrut Jumnianpol



         social conflict in resource allocation,

      - The assessment of the main obstacles/opportunities for water policy network to establish water
         governance,

      - A guideline to develop the water governance model for the Eastern region,

      - A mutual awareness between different stakeholders in democratizing water governance by
         providing a space for exchanging information and sharing experience among groups, enhancing
         communication among actors will strengthen the network.

    10-a Which M-POWER Comparative Study will this research contribute to? How?
    The proposed research will point out the problems of irrigation in term of capability of existing
    water management organization in managing increase demand and scarce supply in various sector,
    especially conflict between agricultural, household and industrial sectors in the eastern region. In this
    point, the research will clarify the conflict between fragmented, overlapped and un-coordinated
    existing water institution and show another structure in the name of privatization water management
    that could monopolize total of water supply in the eastern region. This structure highly influence in
    privileging the demand from industrial sector over agricultures and households.
    10-b Which M-POWER Theme(s) will this research contribute to? How?
    The research will contribute generally to the ‘Dialogue’ theme and also touch on issue of ‘Policies’, by
    illustrating the limitation of state-market dominant process in water management and examining how
    the dialogue between civil societies and another actor in water policy network could accomplish.
    Finally the research will suggest how the dialogues between civil societies, state and market in water
    policy network can be more effective.
    In term of ‘Policies’ the research will find out the way in which Eastern Water policy be made and
    why that policies of privatization has greater influence over new structure of expected water
    governance and analyze on theoretical sense how the concept of privatization would be compatible
    with decentralization and democratization in framework of water governance.
    10-c How does the proposed research fit into the priorities and work plan of the host
    organisation?
    Above all, the research will construct new knowledge on democratising water governance which
    could serve Chulalongkorn University’s mission on producing new knowledge to solve social
    problem. Besides that, the research also will be compatible with MAIDS’s plan (the Master of Arts in
    International in Development Studies Program at the faculty of Political Science) in some manners,
    firstly, the research would be the research station for international students who pay attention to
    water management theme, secondly, the research could demonstrate of water governance model for
    new coming students for Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and finally, the research result would be
    a material for courses on public policy studies, environmental politics and conflict resolutions.
    Additionally, for the CUSRI this research will be intensify the participatory approach as a
    community-based methodology in the area of environmental management.




    fellowship_surangrut                                                                       Page 4 of 5
M-POWER Fellowship Research Proposal                                   July 2006                                               Surangrut Jumnianpol



    11. Budget              Item                             Amount           Justification (include rates & effort information)
                                                                          2
                                                                    USD

                            Salary                            3634.476        Researcher 389.408/month x 4 months= 1557.632
                                                                              RA. 259.605/month x 4 months x 2 RA = 2076.843

                            Equipment
                            Travel                            7009.346        Travel 77.88 /time x 30 times = 2336.449
                                                                              Resident (25.96/day x 3 days x 2 rooms) x 30 times = 4672.89

                            Consumables                         778.816       Including stationaries, photocopiers, postals, telephones and
                                                                              research publish, etc.

                            Meetings/workshops                3530.633        Focus group discussion 311.53/time x 8 times = 2492.212
                                                                              Result-sharing workshop 1038.422/times = 1038.422

                            Others (specify)
                            TOTAL                             14953.27
    12. Are there other sources of financial and/or in-kind support for this project?
                  No.
    13. Please describe the level and nature of the assistance (by whom and in what ways).
    The proposed research need two research assistances (4 months/1 RA.) to help collecting data in
    fieldwork. My research assistances at least have to finish bachelor degree on social science and
    interested in environmental politics or public policies. The first will come from local researcher who
    could help me to collect primary data on existing water management policy and the opinion and
    attitude from various actors in water policy network both by interviewing and focus group discussing
    in the field work. Another RA will help me to collect secondary data and also primary data, in the
    area of experiencing water governance in Thailand and other countries in GMS.




    2
        calculate from Bank of Thailand (BOT) exchange rate on June 28, 2006 (USD 1 = 38.52 bahts)



    fellowship_surangrut                                                                                                        Page 5 of 5

								
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