Name: Date: Period: GEOGRAPHY: Africa South of the Sahara Exam Look up for the preceding page number, then fill out the answer. 499 1. A __________ is a fracture in the earth. 500 2. An ______________________ is a steep slope or cliff. 3. Lake Chad is NOT located in the Great___________River Valley. 4. The Great Rift River Valley was formed in part by shifting____________ plates. 5. The ________________ Range is part of the sharp escarpment on the Southern part of the continent. 6. The ______________________Mountains are the dividing line between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 7. Most of Africa’s mountains are located in the________________ Highlands. 8. A fault is fracture in the Earth’s ___________. 9. Escarpments are steep slopes or _______________. 502 10. Lake ____________ is a body of water with no outlet to the sea. 11. Lake______________ is the largest lake in Africa. 503 12. The Congo reaches the sea in a deep, navigable_________________. 13. An _____________ is an area where freshwater from a river meets seawater. 504 14. Mineral resources and __________ are the most abundant resources in the region. 505 15. The climate zones of Africa south of the Sahara are tropical__________ forest, ______________, _______________, and desert. 506 16. The tropical rain forest is the ________________ climate in the region. 508 17. The _______________ in an area in which grazing lands are turning into desert. 18. _____________________ is causing the loss of fertile land. 509 19. The Kalahari desert is located in ___________________Africa. 510 (Understand time zones.) 516-33 20. ___________ is a disease that is drastically reducing the region’s population. 520-35 21. ______________is one of the West African trading empire. 522 22. Europeans saw Africa in the 1800s as a source of__________ materials and a market for goods. 23. European traders disrupted African life in the 1800s by replacing crops that African used with____________ crops for exports. 524 24. The end of _________________ in South Africa resulted primarily from international protests and internal unrest. 25. Apartheid is the _____________________ of the races. 526 26. The two largest religious groups in the region are____________ and Christianity. 27. European _______________________ brought the Christian religion to Africa. 527 28. The traditional African way of education is ___________________________. 529 29. ________________ ties are very important to the region. 538 30. ________________farming is the most common form of agriculture in the region. 31. ________________ farming is the practice of staying in one place to farm. 32.___________________ farming is the practice of moving to new land when land loses its fertility. 539 33. Deforestation is the result of heavy _____________and __________________. 540 34. Most of the profits from the mining minerals in many African countries south of the Sahara go to______________ investors and corporations. 543 35. In the 1990s, ______________ in the region became more severe, causing famine.
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