The broad discipline of Biotechnology uses scientific and engineering principles to
organisms to provide goods and services of value to society. Biotechnology,
integrates many areas of study such as genetics, molecular biology, physics,
chemistry, engineering and biostatistics. The interdisciplinary nature of biotechnology
makes it possible to design and use processes ranging from cheese production,
brewing, and wastewater management, through to drug design and gene therapy. It
enables us to study micro organisms, plants and animals in the context of discovery,
understanding, improvement and development of useful products or processes.
Considering the dire need of biotechnology education, the Centre of Biotechnology
was established in April, 2001 by University of Peshawar with the approval of Higher
Education Commission (HEC), Islamabad Pakistan. The first batch of 80 students in
Bachelor of Biotechnology and 9 scholars in M Phil were admitted in November,
2001. Presently, the Centre of Biotechnology is a strategic unit in the Faculty of Life
and Environmental Sciences, University of Peshawar. Located in the emerging-
sciences building, the institute incorporates both teaching and research facilities,
primarily dedicated towards the awareness and development of biotechnology
among the masses. It is unique in having Biochemists, Microbiologists, Genetics,
Pharmaceutical Chemists, Molecular Biologists and Biotechnologists within a single
departmental unit, thus encouraging interdisciplinary approaches to teaching and
research. Members of the staff are involved in teaching at both undergraduate and
postgraduate levels in degree programs and have collaborative links with national
From Centre of Biotechnology to Centre of Biotechnology and Microbiology
In September 2007, the competent authority of the university decided and approved
to merge the Department of Microbiology, Jinnah Collage for Women with Centre of
Biotechnology and renamed the institute as Centre of Biotechnology and
Microbiology and simultaneously transferred the students of 1st batch of BS
Microbiology from JCW to this Centre.
The institute offers a Master of Philosophy (M Phil) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
degrees in biotechnology. These degrees require the students to successfully
complete a set of required core courses in the field and thesis project that applies the
basic principles of biotechnology using hypothesis driven experimental methods, to
study research problems and questions. It is aimed that the graduates of this institute
will have a broad knowledge of biotechnology and applied research skills in their
area of specialization. Students who complete these programs will be well prepared
for further postgraduate education or for employment in academics, industry and
Faculty in the Centre have research interests in four main areas; Molecular/Cellular
biology, chemical sciences, Basic and Applied Microbiology and Bioinformatics.
Students seeking a graduate degree in biotechnology engage in directed study with
one of the faculty member in his or her specialty area.
Many of our students further continue postgraduate studies in national and
international academic institutes, or work in biotechnology-based laboratories.
Graduates may work in bio analytical laboratories in government and industry,
reproductive biology industries, Pharmaceutical sciences, plant biotechnology and a
range of veterinary and agricultural support industries. The Bachelor of
Biotechnology provides career opportunities in:
1. Biomedical research, pathology laboratories, biotechnology industries. Drug
design and development / Biopharmaceutical production.
2. Genetically modified food production.
3. Diagnostic test kit design and production.
4. Biotechnology business plan analyst.
Components of Self Assessment Process: As per the Self Assessment
Manual, Self Assessment has been done on the basis of the following eight criteria:
Criterion-1: Programme Mission, Objectives and outcomes
The institute has been serving as a teaching, training and research pivot in
biotechnology and Microbiology for the province. The institute is aware of the
importance and applicability of Biotechnology and Microbiology and therefore will
continue to play its catalytic role by motivating its students in their scholarly pursuits.
We will prepare trained biotechnologists and microbiologists able to approach
problems with creativity and flexibility. A key element in this preparation is active
participation in the process of scientific discovery. The institute will make scholarly
scientific and technological advances that will address the changing needs of
To explore new horizons in biotechnology and Microbiology through
education and research, and realizing the potential of both for the creation of
goods and services of value to society
Goal No 1: Learning of practical knowledge of biotechnology and
1. To prepare students to function as scientists and educators in a broad
array of biological disciplines.
2. To serve as permanent platform for generating trained manpower by
imparting education and conducting research on the local problems.
3. To collaborate with biotechnology firms, secondary schools, colleges,
universities and public agencies and associations, and lay the
groundwork to prepare the workforce for new biotech jobs.
4. To serve as a launching pad for devising, using, and managing
biotechnological tools for generation of products, processes and
5. To augment the productivity, efficiency, and cost effectiveness of food
and agriculture, health and medicine, environment-friendly
technologies, bio conservation and bio industrial development.
To strictly continue policy of merit in enrolment of students.
Keep the curriculum up to date according to the needs of the market
through the Statutory Bodies.
To establish the essential/needed laboratories in the centre within the
financial resource provisions.
Goal No 2: Research at Graduate and postgraduate Levels
To successfully complete a set of required core courses in the field and
thesis projects that applies the basic principles of biotechnology using
hypothesis driven experimental methods, to study research problems and
questions both at graduate and postgraduate levels.
Develop friendly environment for research in the centre.
Develop partnership with established government and non governmental
Follow the new/improved entry requirements to MPhil and PhD program of
The graduates and postgraduates of this centre will have a broad
knowledge of biotechnology and applied research skills in their area of
Students who complete these programs will be well prepared for further
education or employment in academics, industry and other related
Provide all possible facilities for the research students currently working in
Critically review and revise the existing curriculum of BS (hons) MPhil and
PhD programmes for the achievement of the goals.
Improve research infrastructure in the department through the improvement
of library, usage of digital library resources and provision of lab facilities.
Acquire funds/scholarships/research grants from the university and HEC for
Standard 1-1: Documented measurable objectives
To promote research awareness and creativity amongst science students.
To reform the study approach of students with better research orientation.
To enhance practical capabilities and proficiency of students.
To familiarize the general public with biotechnology.
Science projects play a vital role in developing practical skills and creativity
amongst students. Student organization Biotechnology science circle
has conducted different types of such projects, focusing mainly upon
designing “alternative approaches”. For instance, the students have made a
complete gel electrophoresis unit made of easily available material, a
simple density-gradient centrifugation protocol without any ultra-centrifuge
and an easy kitchen-based plant tissue culture medium.
Meeting Standards 1-1:
a. Constantly updating curriculum.
b. Small scale projects based on research work.
c. Writing, presentation/communication exercises
d. Infrastructure provisions
e. Linkages with government and non-governmental organizations
f. Qualified teachers
g. Development of linkages with national and international institutions
h. Alumni Association
i. Employer feedback
Objective How Measured When Improvement Improvement
Measured identified made
Graduating 2009, at the More courses Proposal
Students start of the related to made for
1. Survey/input and Term/Semes analytical skills approval by
tests conducted for ter the Board of
More emphasis Proposal for
on the use of establishment
Theoretical of Laboratory
2. -do- -do- knowledge and updated
related practical equipments
work forwarded to
Research projects Introduction of Proposal
as part of Thesis at term made for
3. curriculum -do- Level to expand approval by
the scope of the Board of
small project Studies
Standard 1-2: Programme Outcomes
Centre of biotechnology and microbiology students shall have the ability to be:
1. A good teacher to disseminate relevant knowledge to the students.
2. A good worker/researcher in any government or non-governmental
3. To prepare projects on micro and macro level and work effectively in
Meeting Standards 1-2: Programme Outcome Measurement
A number of surveys as per QAA questionnaires were initiated to assess the
programme outcomes/graduates of centre of biotechnology and microbiology.
These included, graduating student survey, alumni survey and employer survey.
Since majority of the graduates enter teaching or research profession at different
institutes questionnaires were sent to them for their feedback. Except for the
graduating student survey, however, very few responses of employer feedback
Therefore, the results of only the graduating students of biotechnology and
microbiology surveys are presented here. A total of 167 graduating students of
biotechnology and microbiology filled the survey forms. The questionnaire
contained 9 questions.
Programme Assessment Results:
The results of programme assessment by the graduating students of
biotechnology and microbiology are presented in the following table and graph:
Table 2: Graduating Student Survey (Responses/Satisfaction Level)
Q.1 Workload in the Program
agree % Agree % Cum % Disagree % disagree % Cum %
27 16 80 46 62 60 34 5 3 38
Q.2 Enhancing team working ability
27 16 98 58 74 26 15 17 10 25
Q.3 Support learning
14 9 96 61 71 32 20 15 9 29
Q.4 Analytical Skills
15 9 72 42 52 57 34 25 15 48
Q.5 Independent Thinking
14 8 87 50 58 54 31 19 11 42
Q.6 Written and communication skills
21 12 84 49 61 48 28 17 10 38
Q.7 Planning abilities
24 15 72 44 59 45 28 21 13 41
Q.8 Advance courses in this program
20 12 80 49 61 42 26 22 13 39
Graduating Students Survey
60% Strongly Agree
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8
The responses were also categorized into two i.e. Agree and Disagree (merging
strongly agree/agree and strongly disagree/disagree). The result on this basis is
shown in the following graph:
Graduating Students Survey on the
Basis of Agree and Disagree
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8
Que stions Aske d
Majority of the students (62%) are of the view that workload in the programme is
quite heavy. The opinion of 70% of the total surveyed students reveals that this
programme enhances their learning skills.
However, only 49% of the graduate students were of the view that the present
programme contains few courses that enhance their analytical skill. This would be
kept in mind while making the curriculum and these results will be communicated
to the Board of Studies members for consideration.
Out of the total students surveyed 58% were of the view that this programme
imparts independent thinking and inculcates decision making capability. This is of
Both writing and communication skills are very important for expression and 62%
student said that this program enables them to communicate with others through
speech and writing. After going through this program majority of the students were
able to plan independently.
However, 38% of the students disagree that after successfully going through this
programme they will be able to take advance courses. This matter needs the
consideration of the faculty at every level. A serious brainstorming is needed to
rectify this problem.
The overall result, however, shows that the students are satisfied with the
Table 3: Objectives vs. Outcomes
EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
Well versant Capable of Understand & Be a good
in the Solving Practise disseminator/
PROGRAMME application of practical professional Teacher of
OBJECTIVES knowledge problems ethics knowledge
To impart high
quality education X X X
in centre of X
To equip the x
students with X X
culture of X X X X
Meeting Standard 1-3:
The results have been communicated to the faculty concerned for corrective
measures where needed.
Standard 1-4: Overall performance
Table 4: Table showing admission in different programmes from 2000 to 06
Level of 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
Education M F Total M F Total M F Total M F Total
BS honors 44 16 60 14 28 42 25 35 60 25 35 60
4 years of
BS honors 3 4 7 9 - - 2 1 3 6 - 6
4 years of
M.Phil 1 1 2 6 3 9 3 - 3 1 - 1
Ph.D - - - - 2 2 - - - 3 - -
Total: 15 22 37 35 19 54 54 29 83 60 33 93
Table 5: Number of student on reserved/ seats
Level of 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08s
Education M F Tota M F Tota M F Total M F Total
Bs Honors 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4
4 years of
Bs Honors 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4
4 years of
Criterion 2: Curriculum Design and Organization
Degree Title: BS degree (Bachelor of honour) in Microbiology and
Intent: Curriculum for the Centre of Biotechnology and Microbiology organised
and updated through different bodies. At the department level Board of Studies,
comprising of senior faculty members and some prominent scholars from within
the country, is responsible for updating the curriculum. This body is authorised to
formulate syllabus and course content. The Director of the centre is the convener
of this body.
After the approval, courses are sent to the Board of Faculty for approval. The
Dean of the Faculty who is also the Convener conducts the meeting.
According to the University Rules, after the approval of courses from the Faculty
Board these are placed before the Academic Council at the University level for
approval. Finally formal approval of all the courses is accorded by the Syndicate
and Senate of the University of Peshawar for implementation.
Definition of Credit Hours
Since different programs are functioning under term and semester level so
courses are of different credit hours. For example 3+I credit hour’s means that
three classes of theory per week and one practical work for each subject per
The Degree Programme consists of eight terms/semester with marks equally
divided in four years. As a whole the student has to study 48 theory papers of 100
marks, out of this, 25 marks are assigned for internal evaluation through
assignments, test and exercises by the concerned teacher and the remaining 75
marks for each theory paper are assigned for external evaluation as per university
of Peshawar examination rules. The evaluation is done as per university rules and
external examiners are appointed by the Controller of Examinations for this
Microbiology program at this centre running under semester system. All theory
and practical examinations conducted internally by the concerned faculty member.
Results of each semester provided to the controller of examinations for final
Standards: 2.1 Assessment of the Microbiology and
The assessment of curriculum is done in the following table and the courses are
cross tabulated according to the programme out comes.
Meeting Standard 2.1: Courses vs. Programme Outcomes
Important subjects are given below.
Table 6: Courses vs programme Outcomes
Courses or Group Outcomes
of Courses Well Capable of Understand Be a good
versant in Solving & Practise disseminator/T
the practical professional eacher of
application problems ethics knowledge
1.animal X x X
2.biochemistry X X x x
3.molecular biology X X X X
4.stem cells and X X
5.immunology X x X X
6.industrial X x X X
7.medical x x x X
8.plant physiology X X x X
Criterion 2: Standard 2-2: Elements vs. Courses
Meeting Standard 2-2: Percentage of Elements in Courses
Theoretical Background 30
Problem Analysis 30
Solution Design 40
Standard 2-7: Enhancing Communication Skills
For the development of communication and problem solving skills, all the graduate
students of microbiology and graduate and postgraduate students of
biotechnology are given small projects. They work on their thesis projects that
apply the basic principles of biotechnology using hypothesis driven experimental
methods, to study research problems and questions both at graduate and
postgraduate level.The whole process is monitored by the respective teachers. All
the students are divided into groups and a specific number of groups are allocated
to individual teacher.
Criterion 3: Laboratories and Computing Facilities
There are six laboratories in the centre of biotechnology and microbiology. The
available equipments, facilities and shortcomings of these laboratories are listed in
the following sections. .
At present there is a single computer laboratory in the centre. The number of
available computers to the students is seven that is not sufficient for the needs of
more than 370 students. Size of lab is also small so teachers have to organize the
practical work in different shifts for different science specially subjects relating to
Computer lab is also under the use of M.Phil research scholars and junior faculty
MRL subunit biotechnology
MRL is located at some distance from the centre. Lab is well equipped. At
present it fulfils all the requirements of the students of microbiology and
biotechnology also. Equipments available at MRL are autoclave, oven,
water baths, microscopes, laminar air flow hoods, incubators, and
spectrophotometer etc. Required media and chemicals for the growth of
different microbes are also available at large quantity.
The lab needs latest high resolution power microscopes and biochemical
kits for rapid identification of isolated microbes.
This lab has been recently established at the main centre of biotechnology
and microbiology .This lab will provide facility for diagnostic tests of different
diseases to the university employees, students and people of nearby
locality. The lab is well equipped with Elisa reader, real time PCR,
microarray lab and other important kits required for diagnostic purposes.
In Parma biotechnology lab work on the medicinal plants is in progress.
Fortunately our country is gifted with a rich medicinal flora, but unfortunately
the research work in this regard is negligible. So pharma lab is adding a
little to this area. The plants contain a rich chemical consortium which needs
to be explored, because 12 out of 25 best selling pharmaceutical products
in the world are from plants.
The main aim of research of pharma lab is to search medicinal flora with
rich traditional medicinal value and to verify these uses on scientific
grounds. So some plants have been selected with the help of literature and
local peoples and experts. Objective is to find out the antibacterial,
antifungal, antiparasitic, leishmanicidal, anticancer, spasmolitic and many
other activities of the crude and various fractions of the plants. Students are
also engaged in the isolation of pure compounds from these medicinal
plants. Other objective is to determine the structure of these pure
compounds by using various techniques e.g. NMR spectrophotometry,
mass spectrometry. This is helping the field of medicine, because if we
isolate and find out the structure of these pure compounds and if the next
day we lost the source i.e. plant, with the help of these structure we can go
for the chemical synthesis of the particular compounds, if possible.
This lab provides facilities for the students to determine the three
dimensional structure of different proteins using related softwares.The lab is
equipped with six computers.
Bioinformatics lab needs updated soft wares and free access to renowned
research journals and data bank in this field.
Molecular biology Lab
Molecular biology is the study of biology at molecular level. This field
overlaps with other areas of biology and chemistry, particularly genetics and
biochemistry.Moleculer biology chiefly concerns itself with understanding
the interactions between the various systems of the cell including interaction
between DNA, RNA and protein syntheses as well as learning how these
interactions are regulated
Keeping in view the importance of molecular biology molecular lab has been
established at the centre of biotechnology and microbiology. This lab is well
equipped with latest equipments like PCR, different type of Centrifuge
machines, Gel tanks, Spectrophotometers and incubators. Different Glass
wares and chemicals are also available according to the need of students.
Standard 3-1: Lab Manual
Lab Manuals and latest lab protocols are available for practical performance
of different subjects. The faculty demonstrates various procedures to the
students in the lab with accuracy and in effective manner.
Standard 3-2 Laboratory Personnel
All the labs are well established and in running condition. So labs are well
maintained and looked after by the well trained lab assistances.
Standard 3-3: Computing Infrastructure and Facilities
The number of computers is less than the number of students; therefore the
teachers organize their use for practical work in groups.
Most of the curriculum requires practical studies in the field outside the campus
and require transport facility. Most of trips are conducted on single day basis in the
vicinity of Peshawar. Sometimes a study trip of longer duration is also necessary
for spatial studies for which a vehicle is essential to save expenditure on hired
transport. The Department does have a vehicle (a hiace) to facilitate the research
students. Vehicle will be provided to the centre in near future.
Criterion 4: Students Support and Guidance
The University of Peshawar organizes student support programmes at three levels
i.e. Provost Office for student accommodation and other related affairs, the
Director Admissions Office to provide admission forms, prospectus and
information related to scholarship schemes etc. to applicants/students seeking
admission in the University. The Department in its own capacity arranges
orientation classes and guided tours of the department as well as provide printed
material about the courses and faculty. The parents of the students are also
briefed about the activities of the department and the required field trips. However,
there is no formal parent/teacher association/interaction.
Standard 4-1: Frequency of Courses
The Programme is running in a term/semester system and the students are
evaluated at the end of the term/semester. Besides the compulsory/core courses
optional courses are also offered according to the demand of the students as well
as the capacity of the available faculty. For PhD and M.Phil programmes,
however, a variety of courses are offered according to demand of the students
and interest of the faculty.
Standard 4-2: Structure of the Courses
At the time of courses formulation both theoretical and practical aspects are kept
in mind. Theoretical problems are effectively explained and based on the
assignments given to either group of students or individuals.
During the lectures the students are encouraged to ask questions and discuss
phenomena which need explanation.
Standard 4.3: Guidance to the Students
Number of steps has been taken to provide students guidance. There is a
permanent committee on students’ affairs of the department. The head of the
centre is the head of this committee and one male and female teacher as
The female students receive counselling from the female teachers. In addition to
this committee the student proctors also provide guidance as well as help to
maintain discipline. They are appointed by the university on the recommendation
of the director of the centre. In case of any problem or need the faculty members
are always available to give advice to the students. However, there is no
counselling cell as such in the department.
For the last one year the University has introduced Tutorial System in all the
departments. Wednesdays are reserved for student counselling as well as for
extracurricular activities including seminars etc.
Each teacher is assigned a group of students to keep them involved in arranging
and participating in such activities. For the increasing number of students it is not
possible for the department to organise seminars within the department due to
lack of any hall. This is a limitation of the department. The centre realizes the need
for exploring job opportunities for its graduates and postgraduates.
Criterion 5: Process Control
This includes student admission, student registration, faculty recruitment, teaching
and evaluation. Most of these activities are centralised and dealt with by the
relevant sections in the University Administration. There are different statutory
bodies for carrying out almost all these activities.
Standard 5.1: Programme Admission Criteria
Admission to higher education not being a matter of right rather it is on the basis
of merit, aptitude, and ability to benefit from a particular stream of learning and is
subject to availability of academic and physical facilities and without any
discrimination on account of caste, creed, color or sex and with the exception of
reservations of seats on account of belonging to a particular segment of
population as may be determined by the Syndicate in each case.
Submission of Application Form for Admission:
Applications for admission on the prescribed form and complete in all
respects, must reach the office of the Director Admissions as per
The candidates selected on merit are issued admission forms by the
concerned department, to be filled in.
A candidate may apply for admission in more than one dept; on a single
form, however, admission will be offered in order of preference of the
applicant and in case the applicant qualifies for admission in higher
preference, he / she will not be considered for admission in the lower
preference even he / she qualifies for it.
Documents to Be Attached with Admission form:
The following documents must be submitted with the completed application form:
1- Photocopies of Part I & Part II Detailed marks Certificate of the qualifying
2- One passport size photograph to be stippled or pasted.
3- Domicile Certificate.
All applications must be submitted by hand so as to reach the Director Admissions
on or before the last date announced for submission of applications. If any of the
particular(s) given in the application for admission is found incorrect or false or
fact(s) suppressed, admission shall be denied. If incorrect or false statement(s) or
the suppression of fact(s) is detected after a candidate has been granted
admission, admission will be cancelled and the student shall be expelled from the
The selected candidates for admission must present their original documents for
scrutiny before the head of institution on the announced date.
Standard 5.2: Process of Registration
After the completion of admissions the name of the students are forwarded to the
student affair office for proper registration in the particular programme, in this case
BS honours registration number are issued to the students migrated to this
university from another university.
5.3: Recruiting Process
The vacant or newly created positions are advertised in the national dailies;
applications are received and processed by the Establishment Section of the
University. Call letters are issued to short listed candidates to pass a written test in
the subject, make a presentation to the faculty. Those who qualify this are asked
to appear before a Selection Board for interview. The list of selected individuals is
placed before the Syndicate for approval. Promotion cases are also processed by
the University on the recommendations of the Head of the Department.
5.4: Teaching and Delivery of Course Material
In order to provide excellent teaching and learning environment not only the
courses are updated from time to time, but emphasis is also placed on the delivery
of the lectures.
To achieve this goal, modern teaching aids such as overhead projectors,
multimedia, audio visual aid facilities are also utilised together with traditional
white board method. Most of the lectures are also supplemented by slides,
At the beginning of the session courses and practical works are assigned to the
teachers. The teachers follow the approved syllabus and make sure to complete it
within the time period. In case of leave of a faculty the chairman makes alternate
arrangement before hand. The progress is regularly reviewed in the staff
5.5 Completion of Program requirements
A few months before the completion of the courses the students are asked to fill
the examination forms and the department collectively submits these forms in the
controller of examinations office.
The Controller announces the date of commencement of examination. After a
couple of months the controller’s office notifies the results of the students.
Candidates scoring 65% or more marks are declared as first division holders. Gold
medal is also awarded to the students who have scored highest marks in all
terminal examinations conducted in 4 year program. Degrees are usually awarded
to students on the occasion of convocation held on 30 October every year which is
the foundation day of the university.
Criterion 6: Faculty
Almost all the faculty members of the centre of biotechnology and microbiology
are full time employees of the University. They have diverse fields of specialization
and most of them are trained in the technologically advanced counties of the
world. They are devoted for the promotion of the discipline and working very hard
to enhance both teaching and research in the department. They have sufficient
teaching and research experience to plan and deliver the lessons. The faculty of
the centre exhibits an impressive level of competence in their respective areas of
specializations through their academic and research work experience.
Standard 6.1: Full Time Faculty
The number of sanctioned posts and filled posts in the department is provided in
the following tables.
Table 8: Sanctioned/Filled Posts of Full Time Faculty Members
Designation 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
M F Total M F Total M F Total M F Total
Professor. 1 - 1 1 - 1 1 - 1 - - -
Associate. - - - - - - - 1 1 - 1 1
Assistant - 1 1 - 1 1 - - - - - -
Lecturer 3 - 3 3 1 7 7 1 8 8 1 9
Total 4 1 5 4 2 19 8 2 10 8 2 10
Table 9: Faculty with PhD Degree
S# faculty designation specialization university funding
1. Bashir Professor Physical University University
Ahmad chemistry of of
2. Mrs Ghosia professor Biochemistry University University
lutfullah of of
Table 10: Faculty distribution by programme areas
Programme area of Courses in the Number of Number
Specialization area and average Faculty of
number of members in Faculty
sections per year each area with
Biotechnology 3 1
Biochemistry 2 -
Molecular biology 3 3
Microbiology 3 3
Pharmaceutical 1 1
Table 11: Para teaching Staff
S# post grade
1 librarian 11
2 Senior clerk 09
3 Lab attendant 05
4 Naib Qasid sr. 05
5 Naib Qasid jr. 02
6 Assistant accountant officer 16
Currently four faculty members of this centre are on study leave for improving their
qualification in different foreign countries like Australia, USA, UK and S. Korea.
Three faculty members send through faculty development programme. One
faculty member is doing PhD through Korean scholarship.
Faculty survey was conducted on the prescribed Performa of HEC, the results are
Table 12: Faculty survey Result
Research Teaching and Community Service
Satisfied % Satisfied % Neutral % Dissatisfied % dissatisfied %
4 40% 5 50% 1 10% 0 0% 0 0%
3 30% 3 30% 4 40% 0 0% 0 0%
Teaching and Research
6 60% 3 30% 1 10% 0 0% 0 0%
Interaction with students
4 40% 5 50% 1 10% 0 0% 0 0%
0 0% 6 60% 4 40% 0 0% 0 0%
1 10% 6 60% 3 30% 0 0% 0 0%
3 30% 4 40% 3 30% 1 1% 0 0%
1 10% 6 60% 3 30% 0 0% 0 0%
Prospects for advancement 0
1 10% 6 60% 3 30% 0 0% 0 0%
Salary and other Packages
0 0% 6 60% 4 40% 0 0% 0 0%
0 0% 5 50% 5 50% 0 0% 0 0%
Time for family
0 0% 4 40% 4 40% 1 10% 1 10%
Climate of the Department
1 10% 6 60% 1 10% 1 10% 1 10%
Local Journal National journal International journal
N/A N/A 33
Details of International Publications by Faculty Members:
1. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Hassan Shah, Shumaila Bashir, Haroon Khan,
Jehandar Shah. Enzyme inhibition activities of Andrachne Cordifolia
Muell. Journal of Enzyme inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry (UK). 22(2):
2. Muhammad Nisar, B. Adzu, Inamullah, Ahmad Bashir, AH Gilani.
Antipyretic and antinociceptive activities of ziziphus oxyphyla Edgew
extract, Phytotherapy Research (UK). 21, 693 (2007).
3. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Hassan Shah, Shumaila Bashir, M.Nisar and MI
Chaodhry. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of ANDRACHNE
CORDIFOLIA MUELL. Journal of Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem.
22(6), 726 (2007).
4. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Mukkaram Shah, Haroon Khan, SM Hassan Shah.
Enzyme inhibition activities of Teucrium royleanum. Journal of Enzyme
inhibition and Med. Chem. 22(6), 730 (2007).
5. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Mukkaram, Shumaila Bashir and Halima Begum.
Bioassay screening and standardization of Teucrium royleanum. Journal of
Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem. (UK). 23(1), 136 (2008).
6. Muhammad Nisar, Bashir Ahmad, Inamullah, Muhammad Iqbal
Choudhary. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of Texus wallichiana
zucc. Journal of Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem. 23(2), 256 (2008).
7. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Mukkaram Shah, Haroon Khan, SM Hassan Shah-
Bioassay scdreening and standardization of Teucrium royleanum (Journal
of Enzyume inhibition and Med. Chem. 23(1), 1369 (2008)
8. Muhammad Nisar, Bashir Ahmad, Inamullah, M.I. Choudhary
(Antibacterial and antifungal Activities of Texus wallichiana Zucc. (Journal
of Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem. 23(2),256(2008)
9. Bashir Ahmad, Niaz Ali, Shumaila Bashir, Sadiq Azam. Biological
activities of aerial parts of Tylophora hirsuta wall. African Journal of
Biotechnology 8(3), (2009).
10. Bashir Ahmad, Niaz Ali, Shumaila Bashir, Sadiq Azam, Ibrar Khan and
Jamshaid Ahmad, Cholinommetic and calcium blocking activities of aerial
parts of Tylophora hisruta wall , Journal Chem. Soc. Pak, 24(3)291(2009)
11. Niaz Ali, Bashir Ahmad, Shumaila Bashir, Sadiq Azam, Jahandar Shah &
Manzoor Ahmad. Calcium Channel blocking activities of Withania
coagulans. African Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmocology vol: 3 (3) July
12. G. Luthfullah, A.R. Anjum, I. Ali and I. Ahmad, Journal Chem. Soc. Pak.,
29(2), 189 (2007).
13. Ghosia Lutfullah, Farhat Amin, Zahid Khan, Noreen Azhar, M.Kamran
Azim, Sajid Noor, Khalida Shoukat, Homology Modeling Of
Hemagglutinin/Protease [Ha/P (Vibriolysin)] From Vibrio Cholerae:
Sequence Comparision, Residue Interactions And Molecular Mechanism,
The Protein Journal, 27(2):105-14, 2007.
14. Ghosia Lutfullah, Hilal Shahid Khalil, Farhat Amin, Noreen Azhar, Low
Oxygen affinity in reptilian Hemoglobin D; Prediction of residue
interactions in Geochelone carbonaria HbD by Homology Modeling, The
Protein. Journal, 27:141–150, 2008.
15. Naeem Ali, Ikramullah, Ghosia Lutfullah, Abdul Hameed and
Safia Ahmed, Decolorization of Acid red 151 by Aspergillus niger SA1
under different physicochemical conditions .World Journal of Microbiology
and Biotechnology, 24:1099–1105, 2008.
16. Sirajuddin, Lutfullah Kakakhel, Ghosia Lutfullah, Muhammad Iqbal
Bhanger, Afzal Shah and Abdul Niaz, Electrolytic recovery of chromium
salts from tannery wastewater, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 148,560-
17. Tasleem Akhtar, Ghosia Lutfullah, Abdul Rahim Rubina Nazli, Serum
Alanine Aminotransferase levels in Hepatitis C Patients in Teaching
hospitals of Peshawar, J. Chem. Soc. of Pak ., 30(1), 106-109, 2008.
18. Izhar Ahmad. Ghosia Lutfullah., Roshan Zamir and S.Ttariq Shah, In
vitro response of various growth regulators on the regeneration of
Bougainvillea spectabilis WILD, Suranaree J.Sci. Technol., 14(2), 157-162,
19. Ghosia Lutfullah, Noreen Azhar, Farhat Amin, Zahid Khan , M. Kamran
Azim, Khalida Shouqat , Sajid Noor and Rizwan Ali – Structural
Bioinformatics of Vibrio Cholera Amino peptidase A (PepA) Monomer,
Protein & Peptide letters, 16,36-45,2009/ Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
20. Ghosia Lutfullah, Tasleem Akhtar, k. Z Fatima, Nisar Ahmad and Ijaz
Ahmad- Irradiation effect on Antimicrobial properties, Nutritonal values
and some Physico-chemical characteristics of Nigella sativa. J. Chem. Soc.
Of Pak. V01/30. No.6, PP 860-864, 2009
21. Ghosia Lutfullah, Shaheen Atta, Seema Gul Taufiq Ahmad- Effect of
gamma irradiation on the nutritional quality of ready to eat fast food, (J.
Chem, Soc, of Pakistan. Vol.30, No. 6 pp 879-883,2009
22. Ghosia Lutfullah, Frahat Amin, Zahid Khan, Noreen Azhar, M. Kamran
Azim, Sajid Noor, Khalida Shoukat- Homology Modeling of
Hemafflutinin/Protease [Ha/P (Vibriolysin)] From Vibrio Cholerae:
Sequence Comparision, Residue Interaction and Molecular Mechanism,
Portein. J 2008; 27(2): 105-14
23. Ghosia Lutfullah, Hilal Shahid Khalil, Farhat Amin, Noreen Azhar, - Low
Oxygen affinity in reptilian Hemoglobin D; Prediction of residue
interaction in Geochelone carbonaria HbD by Homology Modelling,
(Protein J. 2008; 27(2):141-50
24. Naeem Ali Ikramullah, Ghosia Lutfullah, Abdul Hameed and Safia
Ahmed. - Decolorization of Acid red 151 by Aspergillus niger SA1 under
different pnysicochemical conditions. World Jouran of Microbiology and
Biotechnology, (2008) 24: 1099-1105
25. Ghosia Lutfullah, Rubina nazli, Tasleem Akhat- Serum Aminotransferase
Levels as a Marker of Liver Cirrhosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C
Infection, J. Chem. Soc. Of Pak. 30(3),2008
26. Tasleem Akhtar, Ghosia Lutfullah, Robuna Nali,- Comparison of liver test
in Cirrhotic and non-Cirrhotic Hepatitis C Patients., J. Chem. Soc. Of Pak.
27. Tasleem Akhtar, Ghosia Lutfullah, Robina Nazli- Synthesis of
Phenolformaldehyde-Lihnosulfonate adhesive for Utilizaiton as a Wood
binder. J.Chem. Soc. Of Pak. 30(3), 486-489,2008
28. Saatea Arif, Ghosia Lutfullah, Sameer Waheed, Bushra Iftikhar, Nrgis
Jamil,Jamil-ur-Rehman. & Shamim Alam – Hyperhomocysteinemia and
low vitamin B status in the patients with acute myocardial infarction.
Journal of Medical Sciences. Vol. 16, No.2, 72-79, July 2008.
29. Hamayun M. S. A. Khan, H-Y Kim, M F Chaudhary, Y-H Hwang, D-H
Shin, I-K Kim, B-H Lee and I-J (2009) Gibberellin Production and Plant
Growth Enhancement by Newly Isolated Strain of Scolecobasidium
tshawytshae, Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. 19 (6): 560-565
30. Hamayun M. S. A. Khan, AL Khan, G Rehman, EY Sohn, SK Kim, GJ Joo
and IJ Lee. Phoma Herbarum as a New Gibberellin-Producing and Plant
Growth-Promoting Fungus. Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology.
(Available as online) 2009.
31. Khan SA, M Hamayun (Co-First author), AL Khan, Bashir Ahmad, S
Ahmed and IJ Lee. Effect of pH, temperature and glucose on
biodegradation of 4-aminophenol by novel bacterial strain Pseudomonas sp.
ST-4. African Journal of Biotechnology (Accepted).
32. Hamayun M. S. A. Khan, D-S Tang, Y-H Hwang and I-J Lee (2009)
Cladosporium sphaerospermum as a new plant growth promoting
endophyte from the roots of Glycine max (L.) Merr. World Journal of
Microbiology and Biotechnology. 25(4): 627-632
33. SA Khan, M Hamayun, H-Y Kim, I-J Lee and J-G Kim (2009) Gibberellin
Production and Plant Growth Promotion by a New Strain of Gliomastix
murorum. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnolgy. 25: 829-833.
34. SA Khan, M Hamayun, H-Y Kim, H-J Yoon, J-C Seo, Y-S Choo, I-J Lee,
S-D Kim, I-K Rhee and J-G kim (2009). A new strain of Arthrinium
phaeospermum isolated from Carex kobmugi Ohwi is capable of
Gibberellin production. Biotechnology letters 31(2): 283-287.
35. SA Khan, M Hamayun, (Co-first author), H-J Yoon, H-Y Kim, S-J Suh, S-
K Hwang, J-M Kim, I-J Lee, Y-S Choo, U-H Yoon, W-S Kong, B-M Lee
and J-G Kim (2008). Plant growth promotion and Penicillium citrinum.
BMC Microbiology 2008, 8: 231.
36. SA Khan, M Hamayun, S O Rim, I-J Lee, J C Seu, Y S Choo, I N Jin, S D
Kim I K Lee and J G Kim (2008). Isolation of endophytic fungi capable of
plant growth promotion from monocots in the coastal sand dunes of Korea.
Journal of Life Science 18(10): 1355-1359
Local National International
N/A 01 01
Details of Papers:
1. Title: A Comparison of Hepatic Biochemical Parameters in Symptomatic and
Asymptomatic Anti-HCV Positive Patients. The Second International
Conference of Virology: Emerging and Exotic Viral Infection, Challenging Threats
of Human, Animal and Plant Health. Egyptian Society of Virology , Cairo, Egypt
2. Title: Low Oxygen affinity in reptilian Hemoglobin D; Prediction of residue
interactions in Geochelone carbonaria HbD by Homology Modeling. 4th
International Symposium on Biotechnology & Ist Pakistan-China-Iran.
International conference on Biotechnology at Institute of Biotechnology and
Genetic Engineering, University of Sindh, Jamshoro (Nov, 2007).
Details of Books/ Monographs: N/A
Conferences/Workshops Attended by Faculty:
S.No. Name of Title of Conference Held at Sponsoring
Participant with date Agency
1 Dr. Bashir Conference on QAU, HEC
Ahmad Nanoscience and Islamabad
2 Dr. Bashir Symposim on Elementary & Government
Ahmad “Academic Atmosphere Secondary of N.W.F.P
in Educational Education Pakistan
Shortcomings and Tehir (Education Sector
Solutions / Education reforms Unit)
3 Ms. Sahar Conference on QAU, HEC
Nigar Nanoscience and Islamabad
4 Dr. Ghosia 4th International Institute of University of
Symposium on Biotechnology and Sindh,
Biotechnology & Ist Genetic Jamshoro.
International conference University of Sindh,
on Biotechnology, Jamshoro.
5 Dr. Ghosia 2nd Internationa Egyptian Egypt
Conference of Virology Iternational Center
Dokki, Giza, Egypt
6 Dr. Ghosia 2nd International Yarmouk University Yarmouk
Jordanian- Egyptian , Irbid-Jordan University ,
7 Dr. Ghosia 2nd International University of University of
Symposium Cum Karachi Karachi
training Course on
Molecular Medicine and
Table: 14 Seminars attended by faculty
S.No Name of venue title From-To
1 Miss Farhat HEC regional Data analysis February 17-
office and research
Shaheen 18 2009
-do- Bannu Biotechnology June 9-10
university for 2008
2 Mr Riaz HEC regional Data analysis February 17-
office and research
Muhammad 18 2009
-do- Food QAU Islamabad March 24-8 Feb
3 Mr Fida Hasan Food QAU Islamabad March 24-8 Feb
Table: 15 Attended
S.No. Name of Title of Conference with Held at Sponsoring
Participant Date Agency
1. Ms. Natasha Qaisar Life-Sciences-HEC Department of HEC, Pakistan
Khan Workshop on “Avian Microbiology,
Mycoplasmosis” University of
2 Dr. Ghosia Lutfullah Biotechnology for KUST, Kohat KUST
(as Resource person) Development
3 Ms. Sahar Nigar Biotechnology for KUST, Kohat
3 Ms.Fardah Shahid Biotechnology for KUST, Kohat KUST
4 Mr.Jamshaid Ahmad Pakistan workshop on S & PCST, Islamabad PCST
T Statistics: International
practices & application
5. Mr.Momin Khan Control of Hepatitis C KUST, Kohat KUST
6 Mr. Saeed Khattak Control of Hepatitis C KUST, Kohat KUST
7 Mr. Sadiq Azam International Symposium University of Punjab
& Mr. Ibrar Khan on glyco-protein in health Punjab University
8 Mr. Ibrar Khan International Workshop on Arid University Rawalpindi
Molecular Techniques in Rawalpindi
Name of Title of Training Type Held at Sponsored by
Prof. Dr. HPLC based HPLC Singapore Shimadzo
Bashir (Amino Acid Japan
Ms. Nida Mass Spectrometry Mass Liaqat Ebrahim
Munir Spectrometry Jamal, Karachi Planning and
Staff HPLC based HPLC Centre of Shimadzo
members and (Amino Acid Biotechnology Japan
Ph. D Analyzer) University of
1. University: N/A
2. Higher Education Commission (HEC): N/A
3. Other Agencies; N/A
JOURNALS PUBLISHED BY THE DEPARTMENT
CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES OF STAFF
Mr. Saeedullah Khattak: teacher in charge for Student affairs.
Mr. Sajjid & Mr. Saeed Khattak: teacher in charge and co-incharge respectively,
for the COB Talent Club. They have organized Intra Departmental Cricket
Competitions for students and faculty.
Ms. Nida Munir: is working on institute’s website development and also library in
Ms. Sahar Nigar: teacher in charge for Biotech Science Circle. Students under
Biotech Science Circle have actively participated in Science and Technology
Model competition organized by Directorate of Science and Technology, Govt. of
Table 17: Research Projects Submitted by Faculty
S.No. Faculty Member Title of Project
1. Mr sajid ali Molecular characterization of FMD viral strains and
vaccine against potent strains
2. Mr saeed khattak 1. Determination of antibiotic resistance of salmonella
isolated from various sources
2.Isolation identification and production of antibiotics
from Bacillus subtilus
Table 18: magazine published by Department
Title of patron First Teacher in Funding General
magazine Issue charge Source(s) secretary
Biotech science Prof.Dr Bashir 2006 Miss sahar Univ: of Ishaq
circle (Bsc) ahmad Nigar Peshawar khan
Criterion 7: Institutional Facilities
The faculty members of the centre of biotechnology and microbiology have access
to computers, internet facility. The faculty have access to printing and copying
facilities in the department. The above-mentioned factors are helpful in providing
favourable environment for imparting quality education to the students and
producing good quality research.
The Department has indicated the following shortcomings/problems:
1. Many faculty members do not have their own PC and they share with one
another. This creates problem of wastage of time. Every teacher may be
provided with PC.
2. Most of the computers are very old and obsolete. Latest PC with better
speed will increase the working capacity.
3. All the software used in the department is pirated copies and this creates
a lot of problem and a constant warning from the Microsoft Company.
One licensed copy of each software need to be provided to the
department, this would solve this problem.
4. Attack of virus from the net is a daily phenomenon and it creates wastage
of time and corruption of files in the PC.
7.3 Library Facility
The Central Library of the University has very limited facility both in terms of
number of book, journals and periodicals. The overall environment of the library is
not conducive for research. No catalogue system is available for the students and
faculty to search for literature and books.
Most of the books are quite old and the organization is very poor. Other facilities in
the reading rooms are negligible. There is no facility to work with a laptop in the
However, things are now changing and it is hoped that with the passage of time
some improvement can be seen in the central library of the university.
There is a library in the centre of biotechnology and microbiology having about
more than 3000 books of concern subjects. Most of the literature needs of the
students and faculty are fulfilled from here. Most of these books are up to date
and some are photocopies and duplicates of the originals.
Due to limited space, the working environment in the library is not good. It is most
of the time full and no space is available for reading. There is a professionally
trained librarian who takes keen interest in the up gradation and organization of
the library. The library is also air conditioned and provides a nice opportunity in
summer season for reading subject to availability of seat. The funds available for
the purchase of books is very limited .Books are purchased from time to time from
different book publishing companies for the up gradation of library. The
department is not on the regular subscription list of any national and international
However, the HEC has subscribed many e-journals and electronic books on its
digital library. This is highly appreciated. Nevertheless, many articles from the
digital library are available on payment and the university library is supposed to
provide these on personal request. This is not happening. Moreover, for reading
the articles a hard copy is needed and every student and faculty has no printer
facility and it is quite expensive to make copies in the market. This problem has
multi dimensional impacts on teaching and research and therefore, an immediate
solution is needed for the enhancement of teaching and research.
7.5 Class Room and Faculty Offices
Space in terms of faculty offices and class rooms is one of the main problems of
the department. The number of class rooms is not only limited but also lacks some
of the basic facilities. Six multi media are available in the department for six class
rooms. Moreover, for carrying out practical exercises and conducting interim test
no room is available. This affects the quality of teaching and delivering of lectures.
There is no hall or auditorium for seminars.
The problem of faculty offices is a main issue in the department. Only four
Professors have their own single offices and the remaining faculty members share
rooms. The situation is deplorable and up to nine faculty members are sharing
their offices. This badly affects their capacity of work and preparation for classes.
The only solution is to provide enough space for work to each faculty.
Criterion 8: Institutional Support
The University is trying its level best to strengthen all the graduates and
postgraduate of the departments. The main objective is to provide excellent
education and practical training to the students. Moreover, the university is
providing good facilities to attract highly qualified faculty. Scholarships for the
M.Phil, PhD scholars and teaching assistants are also available for students help.
However more efforts are needed. There is also a need for increasing the financial
resources allocated to the department to acquire and maintain library, laboratories
and computer facilities. The university should plan for future to provide enough
space for the department for library, faculty offices and class rooms.
8.2 Support and Financial Resources
Some factors that can contribute positively to the motivation of the faculty are
recommended as follows:
Giving Scholarship to all the faculty members who have not yet completed
Provide research Grants to the young faculty members for conduction
Support the young researchers for publication of their research articles in
The process of promotion should be streamlined and properly adopted for
all the faculty members based on merit.
Discrimination and favouritism need to be discouraged at all levels for the
achievement of transparency particularly in promotions.
8.3 Graduate Students and Research Scholars
In the centre of biotechnology and microbiology students are enrolled in different
programmes. Some visiting teachers are arranged for different courses.
The admission of students is carried out once a year, however, the MPhil and
PhD Scholars are enrolled semester-wise i.e. two intakes per year. A general
merit is followed and the prerequisite is to pass the indigenous GRE examination.
In case of higher programme while there is no condition of GRE test for admission
in BS honour. Detail of the students and research scholars is provided in the
Table 19: Student Enrolment in different programmes from 2003 to 2007
Level of 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
Education M F Total M F Total M F Total M F Total M F Total
Master 12 18 30 26 19 45 50 28 78 47 25 72 53 32 85
2 Year 12 25 37 12 18 30 26 19 45 50 28 78 50 31 81
Master 3 4 7 9 9 2 1 3 6 6 6 - 6
1 Year 8 8 2 3 5 6 6 2 1 3 5 1 6
M. Phil. 1 1 5 6 11 4 6 10
Ph.D. 1 1 8 2 10 2 2 4
8.4 Financial Resources
The Total Budget for the financial year is not sufficient for the purchase of
necessary items and needs to be enhanced particularly for the purchase of books,
research journals and periodicals. Enough money should be provided for the
purchase of lab instruments, glass wares, chemicals, maintenance of computers.
Objectives for the 2008-09 Session:
1. Establishment of diagnostic Lab
2. Establishment of data bank for bioinformatics lab
3. To establish micro bank to preserve important micro organism isolated from
different sources to use it for research purposes.
4. Extension of infrastructure of the centre.
Vision for the Future:
1. To be the leading institute in field of research by improving applied research in
the field of biotechnology and microbiology.
2. To be recognized for quality researchers both nationally and internationally.
3. It aims to maintain a gene bank and mass-produce DNA enzyme for their ready
availability and use by various research groups.
Prof. Dr. BashIr Ahmad (Director)
Centre of biotechnology and microbiology
University of Peshawar
Checked by: (Muhammad Taimur Khan)
Quality Enhancement Cell
University of Peshawar
Date of submission to HEC: 27-10-2009.