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					Introduction
The broad discipline of Biotechnology uses scientific and engineering principles to
organisms to provide goods and services of value to society. Biotechnology,
integrates many areas of study such as genetics, molecular biology, physics,
chemistry, engineering and biostatistics. The interdisciplinary nature of biotechnology
makes it possible to design and use processes ranging from cheese production,
brewing, and wastewater management, through to drug design and gene therapy. It
enables us to study micro organisms, plants and animals in the context of discovery,
understanding, improvement and development of useful products or processes.
Considering the dire need of biotechnology education, the Centre of Biotechnology
was established in April, 2001 by University of Peshawar with the approval of Higher
Education Commission (HEC), Islamabad Pakistan. The first batch of 80 students in
Bachelor of Biotechnology and 9 scholars in M Phil were admitted in November,
2001. Presently, the Centre of Biotechnology is a strategic unit in the Faculty of Life
and Environmental Sciences, University of Peshawar. Located in the emerging-
sciences building, the institute incorporates both teaching and research facilities,
primarily dedicated towards the awareness and development of biotechnology
among the masses. It is unique in having Biochemists, Microbiologists, Genetics,
Pharmaceutical Chemists, Molecular Biologists and Biotechnologists within a single
departmental unit, thus encouraging interdisciplinary approaches to teaching and
research. Members of the staff are involved in teaching at both undergraduate and
postgraduate levels in degree programs and have collaborative links with national
research labs.

From Centre of Biotechnology to Centre of Biotechnology and Microbiology


In September 2007, the competent authority of the university decided and approved
to merge the Department of Microbiology, Jinnah Collage for Women with Centre of
Biotechnology and renamed the institute as Centre of Biotechnology and
Microbiology and simultaneously transferred the students of 1st batch of BS
Microbiology from JCW to this Centre.

Postgraduate Studies

The institute offers a Master of Philosophy (M Phil) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
degrees in biotechnology. These degrees require the students to successfully
complete a set of required core courses in the field and thesis project that applies the
basic principles of biotechnology using hypothesis driven experimental methods, to
study research problems and questions. It is aimed that the graduates of this institute
will have a broad knowledge of biotechnology and applied research skills in their
area of specialization. Students who complete these programs will be well prepared
for further postgraduate education or for employment in academics, industry and
organizations.
Faculty in the Centre have research interests in four main areas; Molecular/Cellular
biology, chemical sciences, Basic and Applied Microbiology and Bioinformatics.
Students seeking a graduate degree in biotechnology engage in directed study with
one of the faculty member in his or her specialty area.



                                                                                      1
Career Opportunities


Many of our students further continue postgraduate studies in national and
international academic institutes, or work in biotechnology-based laboratories.
Graduates may work in bio analytical laboratories in government and industry,
reproductive biology industries, Pharmaceutical sciences, plant biotechnology and a
range of veterinary and agricultural support industries. The Bachelor of
Biotechnology provides career opportunities in:

   1. Biomedical research, pathology laboratories, biotechnology industries. Drug
      design and development / Biopharmaceutical production.
   2. Genetically modified food production.
   3. Diagnostic test kit design and production.
   4. Biotechnology business plan analyst.



SECTION-1

Components of Self Assessment Process: As per the Self Assessment
Manual, Self Assessment has been done on the basis of the following eight criteria:

Criterion-1: Programme Mission, Objectives and outcomes

Mission

The institute has been serving as a teaching, training and research pivot in
biotechnology and Microbiology for the province. The institute is aware of the
importance and applicability of Biotechnology and Microbiology and therefore will
continue to play its catalytic role by motivating its students in their scholarly pursuits.
We will prepare trained biotechnologists and microbiologists able to approach
problems with creativity and flexibility. A key element in this preparation is active
participation in the process of scientific discovery. The institute will make scholarly
scientific and technological advances that will address the changing needs of
society.

Vision
       To explore new horizons in biotechnology and Microbiology through
       education and research, and realizing the potential of both for the creation of
       goods and services of value to society




                                                                                         2
Goal No 1:       Learning of practical knowledge of biotechnology and
microbiology



Objectives/Measures


          1. To prepare students to function as scientists and educators in a broad
             array of biological disciplines.
          2. To serve as permanent platform for generating trained manpower by
             imparting education and conducting research on the local problems.
          3. To collaborate with biotechnology firms, secondary schools, colleges,
             universities and public agencies and associations, and lay the
             groundwork to prepare the workforce for new biotech jobs.
          4. To serve as a launching pad for devising, using, and managing
             biotechnological tools for generation of products, processes and
             technologies.
          5. To augment the productivity, efficiency, and cost effectiveness of food
             and agriculture, health and medicine, environment-friendly
             technologies, bio conservation and bio industrial development.


Strategies

      To strictly continue policy of merit in enrolment of students.
      Keep the curriculum up to date according to the needs of the market
       through the Statutory Bodies.
      To establish the essential/needed laboratories in the centre within the
       financial resource provisions.


Goal No 2: Research at Graduate and postgraduate Levels



Characteristics/Measures


       To successfully complete a set of required core courses in the field and
       thesis projects that applies the basic principles of biotechnology using
       hypothesis driven experimental methods, to study research problems and
       questions both at graduate and postgraduate levels.
       Develop friendly environment for research in the centre.
      Develop partnership with established government and non governmental
       research organisations.



                                                                                  3
        Follow the new/improved entry requirements to MPhil and PhD program of
         the department.
         The graduates and postgraduates of this centre will have a broad
         knowledge of biotechnology and applied research skills in their area of
         specialization.
        Students who complete these programs will be well prepared for further
         education or employment in academics, industry and other related
         organizations.

Strategies

        Provide all possible facilities for the research students currently working in
         the centre.
        Critically review and revise the existing curriculum of BS (hons) MPhil and
         PhD programmes for the achievement of the goals.
        Improve research infrastructure in the department through the improvement
         of library, usage of digital library resources and provision of lab facilities.
        Acquire funds/scholarships/research grants from the university and HEC for
         postgraduate scholars.


Standards:

Standard 1-1: Documented measurable objectives

        To promote research awareness and creativity amongst science students.
        To reform the study approach of students with better research orientation.
        To enhance practical capabilities and proficiency of students.
        To familiarize the general public with biotechnology.
        Science projects play a vital role in developing practical skills and creativity
         amongst students. Student organization Biotechnology science circle
         has conducted different types of such projects, focusing mainly upon
         designing “alternative approaches”. For instance, the students have made a
         complete gel electrophoresis unit made of easily available material, a
         simple density-gradient centrifugation protocol without any ultra-centrifuge
         and an easy kitchen-based plant tissue culture medium.

Meeting Standards 1-1:


a.            Constantly updating curriculum.
b.            Small scale projects based on research work.
c.            Writing, presentation/communication exercises
d.            Infrastructure provisions
e.            Linkages with government and non-governmental organizations
f.            Qualified teachers
g.            Development of linkages with national and international institutions
h.            Alumni Association
i.            Employer feedback


                                                                                       4
  Table 1
 Objective How Measured             When           Improvement         Improvement
                                    Measured       identified          made
             Graduating             2009, at the   More courses        Proposal
             Students               start of the   related to          made for
     1.      Survey/input and       Term/Semes     analytical skills   approval by
             tests conducted for    ter                                the Board of
             evaluation                                                Studies
                                                   More emphasis       Proposal for
                                                   on the use of       establishment
                                                   Theoretical         of Laboratory
     2.              -do-                -do-      knowledge and       updated
                                                   related practical   equipments
                                                   work                forwarded to
                                                                       the VC
             Research projects                     Introduction of     Proposal
             as part of                            Thesis at term      made for
     3.      curriculum                  -do-      Level to expand     approval by
                                                   the scope of        the Board of
                                                   small project       Studies
                                                   reports



Standard 1-2: Programme Outcomes


Centre of biotechnology and microbiology students shall have the ability to be:

      1.    A good teacher to disseminate relevant knowledge to the students.
      2.    A good worker/researcher in any government or non-governmental
            organizations.
      3.    To prepare projects on micro and macro level and work effectively in
            teams.


Meeting Standards 1-2: Programme Outcome Measurement

A number of surveys as per QAA questionnaires were initiated to assess the
programme outcomes/graduates of centre of biotechnology and microbiology.
These included, graduating student survey, alumni survey and employer survey.
Since majority of the graduates enter teaching or research profession at different
institutes questionnaires were sent to them for their feedback. Except for the
graduating student survey, however, very few responses of employer feedback
were received.

Therefore, the results of only the graduating students of biotechnology and
microbiology surveys are presented here. A total of 167 graduating students of




                                                                                  5
biotechnology and microbiology filled the survey forms. The questionnaire
contained 9 questions.


Programme Assessment Results:

The results of programme assessment by the graduating students of
biotechnology and microbiology are presented in the following table and graph:


Table 2: Graduating Student Survey (Responses/Satisfaction Level)
Q.1 Workload in the Program
Strongly                                                     Strongly
agree        %     Agree %      Cum %       Disagree    %    disagree     %     Cum %
    27       16       80   46      62          60       34       5        3       38
Q.2 Enhancing team working ability
    27       16       98   58      74          26       15        17     10        25
Q.3 Support learning
    14        9       96   61      71          32       20        15      9        29
Q.4 Analytical Skills
    15        9       72   42      52          57       34        25     15        48
Q.5 Independent Thinking
    14        8       87   50      58          54       31        19     11        42
Q.6 Written and communication skills
    21       12       84   49      61          48       28        17     10        38
Q.7 Planning abilities
    24       15       72   44      59          45       28        21     13        41
Q.8 Advance courses in this program
    20       12       80   49      61          42       26        22     13        39




                               Graduating Students Survey

               70%
               60%                                                      Strongly Agree

               50%                                                      Agree
  Percentage




                                                                        Disagree
               40%
                                                                        Strongly Disagree
               30%
               20%
               10%
               0%
                     Q1   Q2    Q3   Q4   Q5   Q6      Q7    Q8
                                  Question Asked



                                                                                         6
The responses were also categorized into two i.e. Agree and Disagree (merging
strongly agree/agree and strongly disagree/disagree). The result on this basis is
shown in the following graph:


                      Graduating Students Survey on the
                         Basis of Agree and Disagree

                    80%
                    70%
                    60%
       Percentage




                    50%
                                                                     Agree
                    40%
                                                                     Disagree
                    30%
                    20%
                    10%
                     0%
                          Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8
                              Que stions Aske d


  Majority of the students (62%) are of the view that workload in the programme is
  quite heavy. The opinion of 70% of the total surveyed students reveals that this
  programme enhances their learning skills.

  However, only 49% of the graduate students were of the view that the present
  programme contains few courses that enhance their analytical skill. This would be
  kept in mind while making the curriculum and these results will be communicated
  to the Board of Studies members for consideration.

  Out of the total students surveyed 58% were of the view that this programme
  imparts independent thinking and inculcates decision making capability. This is of
  course encouraging.

  Both writing and communication skills are very important for expression and 62%
  student said that this program enables them to communicate with others through
  speech and writing. After going through this program majority of the students were
  able to plan independently.

  However, 38% of the students disagree that after successfully going through this
  programme they will be able to take advance courses. This matter needs the
  consideration of the faculty at every level. A serious brainstorming is needed to
  rectify this problem.




                                                                                    7
The overall result, however, shows that the students are satisfied with the
programme.


Table 3: Objectives vs. Outcomes
                                 EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
                    Well versant Capable of Understand    & Be a good
                    in         the Solving   Practise       disseminator/
PROGRAMME           application of practical professional   Teacher     of
OBJECTIVES          knowledge       problems ethics         knowledge
                    and skills
To impart high
quality education         X                          X      X
in      centre of                   X
biotechnology
and microbiology
To equip the                                                x
students       with       X         X
modern
analytical tools
To        inculcate
culture          of       X         X                X      X
research       and
ethical values


Meeting Standard 1-3:

The results have been communicated to the faculty concerned for corrective
measures where needed.


Standard 1-4: Overall performance

Table 4: Table showing admission in different programmes from 2000 to 06
Level of             2002-03             2003-04             2004-05             2005-06
Education       M      F   Total    M      F   Total    M      F   Total    M      F   Total


BS honors       44    16       60   14    28       42   25    35       60   25    35       60
Biotechnology
4 years of
Education
BS honors       3      4       7    9      -       -    2      1       3    6      -       6
microbiology
4 years of
Education
M.Phil           1     1        2    6     3        9    3     -        3    1     -        1
Ph.D             -     -        -    -     2        2    -     -        -    3     -        -
Total:          15    22       37   35    19       54   54    29       83   60    33       93




                                                                                            8
Table 5: Number of student on reserved/ seats
Level of          2004-05           2005-06              2006-07                 2007-08s
Education       M   F Tota     M      F   Tota   M         F    Total    M         F    Total
                          l                 l
Bs Honors       2  2    4       2     2     4        2       2       4       2     2       4
biotechnology
4 years of
Edu.
Bs Honors       2   2   4      2    2    4       2       2       4       2        2    4
microbiology
4 years of
     Edu.




SECTION-2

Criterion 2: Curriculum Design and Organization

Degree Title: BS degree (Bachelor of honour) in Microbiology and
Biotechnology

Intent: Curriculum for the Centre of Biotechnology and Microbiology organised
and updated through different bodies. At the department level Board of Studies,
comprising of senior faculty members and some prominent scholars from within
the country, is responsible for updating the curriculum. This body is authorised to
formulate syllabus and course content. The Director of the centre is the convener
of this body.

After the approval, courses are sent to the Board of Faculty for approval. The
Dean of the Faculty who is also the Convener conducts the meeting.
According to the University Rules, after the approval of courses from the Faculty
Board these are placed before the Academic Council at the University level for
approval. Finally formal approval of all the courses is accorded by the Syndicate
and Senate of the University of Peshawar for implementation.

Definition of Credit Hours

Since different programs are functioning under term and semester level so
courses are of different credit hours. For example 3+I credit hour’s means that
three classes of theory per week and one practical work for each subject per
week.




                                                                                                9
Degree Plan

The Degree Programme consists of eight terms/semester with marks equally
divided in four years. As a whole the student has to study 48 theory papers of 100
marks, out of this, 25 marks are assigned for internal evaluation through
assignments, test and exercises by the concerned teacher and the remaining 75
marks for each theory paper are assigned for external evaluation as per university
of Peshawar examination rules. The evaluation is done as per university rules and
external examiners are appointed by the Controller of Examinations for this
purpose.
 Microbiology program at this centre running under semester system. All theory
and practical examinations conducted internally by the concerned faculty member.
Results of each semester provided to the controller of examinations for final
record.




                                                                               10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Standards: 2.1 Assessment                 of   the     Microbiology        and
biotechnology Curriculum
The assessment of curriculum is done in the following table and the courses are
cross tabulated according to the programme out comes.


Meeting Standard 2.1: Courses vs. Programme Outcomes
Important subjects are given below.

Table 6: Courses vs programme Outcomes
 Courses or Group                             Outcomes
 of Courses             Well        Capable of Understand        Be a good
                        versant in Solving        & Practise     disseminator/T
                        the         practical     professional   eacher       of
                        application problems      ethics         knowledge
                        of
                        knowledge
                        and skills
 1.animal                    X            x                            X
 biotechnology
 2.biochemistry              X            X             x              x
 3.molecular biology         X            X             X              X
 4.stem     cells   and                                 X              X
 therapeutic cloning
 5.immunology                X            x             X              X
 6.industrial                X            x             X              X
 biotechnology
 7.medical                   x            x             x              X
 microbiology
 8.plant physiology          X            X             x              X


Criterion 2: Standard 2-2: Elements vs. Courses

Meeting Standard 2-2: Percentage of Elements in Courses
Table 7
              Elements                            Courses
Theoretical Background                              30
Problem Analysis                                    30
Solution Design                                     40




                                                                             19
Standard 2-7: Enhancing Communication Skills
For the development of communication and problem solving skills, all the graduate
students of microbiology and graduate and postgraduate students of
biotechnology are given small projects. They work on their thesis projects that
apply the basic principles of biotechnology using hypothesis driven experimental
methods, to study research problems and questions both at graduate and
postgraduate level.The whole process is monitored by the respective teachers. All
the students are divided into groups and a specific number of groups are allocated
to individual teacher.

SECTION-3

Criterion 3: Laboratories and Computing Facilities

There are six laboratories in the centre of biotechnology and microbiology. The
available equipments, facilities and shortcomings of these laboratories are listed in
the following sections. .

Computer Lab:

At present there is a single computer laboratory in the centre. The number of
available computers to the students is seven that is not sufficient for the needs of
more than 370 students. Size of lab is also small so teachers have to organize the
practical work in different shifts for different science specially subjects relating to
computer learning.
Computer lab is also under the use of M.Phil research scholars and junior faculty
members.

MRL subunit biotechnology

MRL is located at some distance from the centre. Lab is well equipped. At
present it fulfils all the requirements of the students of microbiology and
biotechnology also. Equipments available at MRL are autoclave, oven,
water baths, microscopes, laminar air flow hoods, incubators, and
spectrophotometer etc. Required media and chemicals for the growth of
different microbes are also available at large quantity.
The lab needs latest high resolution power microscopes and biochemical
kits for rapid identification of isolated microbes.

Diagnostic laboratory

This lab has been recently established at the main centre of biotechnology
and microbiology .This lab will provide facility for diagnostic tests of different
diseases to the university employees, students and people of nearby
locality. The lab is well equipped with Elisa reader, real time PCR,
microarray lab and other important kits required for diagnostic purposes.



                                                                                    20
Pharma laboratory

In Parma biotechnology lab work on the medicinal plants is in progress.
Fortunately our country is gifted with a rich medicinal flora, but unfortunately
the research work in this regard is negligible. So pharma lab is adding a
little to this area. The plants contain a rich chemical consortium which needs
to be explored, because 12 out of 25 best selling pharmaceutical products
in the world are from plants.

The main aim of research of pharma lab is to search medicinal flora with
rich traditional medicinal value and to verify these uses on scientific
grounds. So some plants have been selected with the help of literature and
local peoples and experts. Objective is to find out the antibacterial,
antifungal, antiparasitic, leishmanicidal, anticancer, spasmolitic and many
other activities of the crude and various fractions of the plants. Students are
also engaged in the isolation of pure compounds from these medicinal
plants. Other objective is to determine the structure of these pure
compounds by using various techniques e.g. NMR spectrophotometry,
mass spectrometry. This is helping the field of medicine, because if we
isolate and find out the structure of these pure compounds and if the next
day we lost the source i.e. plant, with the help of these structure we can go
for the chemical synthesis of the particular compounds, if possible.

Bioinformatics Lab

This lab provides facilities for the students to determine the three
dimensional structure of different proteins using related softwares.The lab is
equipped with six computers.
Bioinformatics lab needs updated soft wares and free access to renowned
research journals and data bank in this field.

Molecular biology Lab

Molecular biology is the study of biology at molecular level. This field
overlaps with other areas of biology and chemistry, particularly genetics and
biochemistry.Moleculer biology chiefly concerns itself with understanding
the interactions between the various systems of the cell including interaction
between DNA, RNA and protein syntheses as well as learning how these
interactions are regulated
Keeping in view the importance of molecular biology molecular lab has been
established at the centre of biotechnology and microbiology. This lab is well
equipped with latest equipments like PCR, different type of Centrifuge
machines, Gel tanks, Spectrophotometers and incubators. Different Glass
wares and chemicals are also available according to the need of students.




                                                                             21
Standard 3-1: Lab Manual

Lab Manuals and latest lab protocols are available for practical performance
of different subjects. The faculty demonstrates various procedures to the
students in the lab with accuracy and in effective manner.

Standard 3-2 Laboratory Personnel
All the labs are well established and in running condition. So labs are well
maintained and looked after by the well trained lab assistances.


Standard 3-3: Computing Infrastructure and Facilities

The number of computers is less than the number of students; therefore the
teachers organize their use for practical work in groups.

Most of the curriculum requires practical studies in the field outside the campus
and require transport facility. Most of trips are conducted on single day basis in the
vicinity of Peshawar. Sometimes a study trip of longer duration is also necessary
for spatial studies for which a vehicle is essential to save expenditure on hired
transport. The Department does have a vehicle (a hiace) to facilitate the research
students. Vehicle will be provided to the centre in near future.

SECTION-4

Criterion 4: Students Support and Guidance
The University of Peshawar organizes student support programmes at three levels
i.e. Provost Office for student accommodation and other related affairs, the
Director Admissions Office to provide admission forms, prospectus and
information related to scholarship schemes etc. to applicants/students seeking
admission in the University. The Department in its own capacity arranges
orientation classes and guided tours of the department as well as provide printed
material about the courses and faculty. The parents of the students are also
briefed about the activities of the department and the required field trips. However,
there is no formal parent/teacher association/interaction.

Standard 4-1: Frequency of Courses

The Programme is running in a term/semester system and the students are
evaluated at the end of the term/semester. Besides the compulsory/core courses
optional courses are also offered according to the demand of the students as well
as the capacity of the available faculty. For PhD and M.Phil programmes,
however, a variety of courses are offered according to demand of the students
and interest of the faculty.




                                                                                   22
Standard 4-2: Structure of the Courses

At the time of courses formulation both theoretical and practical aspects are kept
in mind. Theoretical problems are effectively explained and based on the
assignments given to either group of students or individuals.

During the lectures the students are encouraged to ask questions and discuss
phenomena which need explanation.

Standard 4.3: Guidance to the Students

  Number of steps has been taken to provide students guidance. There is a
permanent committee on students’ affairs of the department. The head of the
centre is the head of this committee and one male and female teacher as
members.
The female students receive counselling from the female teachers. In addition to
this committee the student proctors also provide guidance as well as help to
maintain discipline. They are appointed by the university on the recommendation
of the director of the centre. In case of any problem or need the faculty members
are always available to give advice to the students. However, there is no
counselling cell as such in the department.

For the last one year the University has introduced Tutorial System in all the
departments. Wednesdays are reserved for student counselling as well as for
extracurricular activities including seminars etc.

Each teacher is assigned a group of students to keep them involved in arranging
and participating in such activities. For the increasing number of students it is not
possible for the department to organise seminars within the department due to
lack of any hall. This is a limitation of the department. The centre realizes the need
for exploring job opportunities for its graduates and postgraduates.

SECTION-5

Criterion 5: Process Control
This includes student admission, student registration, faculty recruitment, teaching
and evaluation. Most of these activities are centralised and dealt with by the
relevant sections in the University Administration. There are different statutory
bodies for carrying out almost all these activities.

Standard 5.1: Programme Admission Criteria


Admission to higher education not being a matter of right rather it is on the basis
of merit, aptitude, and ability to benefit from a particular stream of learning and is
subject to availability of academic and physical facilities and without any
discrimination on account of caste, creed, color or sex and with the exception of


                                                                                   23
reservations of seats on account of belonging to a particular segment of
population as may be determined by the Syndicate in each case.



Submission of Application Form for Admission:



      Applications for admission on the prescribed form and complete in all
       respects, must reach the office of the Director Admissions as per
       announced date.
      The candidates selected on merit are issued admission forms by the
       concerned department, to be filled in.
      A candidate may apply for admission in more than one dept; on a single
       form, however, admission will be offered in order of preference of the
       applicant and in case the applicant qualifies for admission in higher
       preference, he / she will not be considered for admission in the lower
       preference even he / she qualifies for it.



Documents to Be Attached with Admission form:



The following documents must be submitted with the completed application form:

      1- Photocopies of Part I & Part II Detailed marks Certificate of the qualifying
       examination.
      2- One passport size photograph to be stippled or pasted.
      3- Domicile Certificate.



All applications must be submitted by hand so as to reach the Director Admissions
on or before the last date announced for submission of applications. If any of the
particular(s) given in the application for admission is found incorrect or false or
fact(s) suppressed, admission shall be denied. If incorrect or false statement(s) or
the suppression of fact(s) is detected after a candidate has been granted
admission, admission will be cancelled and the student shall be expelled from the
institute.

The selected candidates for admission must present their original documents for
scrutiny before the head of institution on the announced date.




                                                                                    24
Standard 5.2: Process of Registration
After the completion of admissions the name of the students are forwarded to the
student affair office for proper registration in the particular programme, in this case
BS honours registration number are issued to the students migrated to this
university from another university.


5.3: Recruiting Process

The vacant or newly created positions are advertised in the national dailies;
applications are received and processed by the Establishment Section of the
University. Call letters are issued to short listed candidates to pass a written test in
the subject, make a presentation to the faculty. Those who qualify this are asked
to appear before a Selection Board for interview. The list of selected individuals is
placed before the Syndicate for approval. Promotion cases are also processed by
the University on the recommendations of the Head of the Department.

5.4: Teaching and Delivery of Course Material

In order to provide excellent teaching and learning environment not only the
courses are updated from time to time, but emphasis is also placed on the delivery
of the lectures.
To achieve this goal, modern teaching aids such as overhead projectors,
multimedia, audio visual aid facilities are also utilised together with traditional
white board method. Most of the lectures are also supplemented by slides,
pictures.
At the beginning of the session courses and practical works are assigned to the
teachers. The teachers follow the approved syllabus and make sure to complete it
within the time period. In case of leave of a faculty the chairman makes alternate
arrangement before hand. The progress is regularly reviewed in the staff
meetings.

5.5 Completion of Program requirements

A few months before the completion of the courses the students are asked to fill
the examination forms and the department collectively submits these forms in the
controller of examinations office.

The Controller announces the date of commencement of examination. After a
couple of months the controller’s office notifies the results of the students.
Candidates scoring 65% or more marks are declared as first division holders. Gold
medal is also awarded to the students who have scored highest marks in all
terminal examinations conducted in 4 year program. Degrees are usually awarded
to students on the occasion of convocation held on 30 October every year which is
the foundation day of the university.




                                                                                     25
SECTION-6

Criterion 6: Faculty
Almost all the faculty members of the centre of biotechnology and microbiology
are full time employees of the University. They have diverse fields of specialization
and most of them are trained in the technologically advanced counties of the
world. They are devoted for the promotion of the discipline and working very hard
to enhance both teaching and research in the department. They have sufficient
teaching and research experience to plan and deliver the lessons. The faculty of
the centre exhibits an impressive level of competence in their respective areas of
specializations through their academic and research work experience.

Standard 6.1: Full Time Faculty

The number of sanctioned posts and filled posts in the department is provided in
the following tables.


Table 8: Sanctioned/Filled Posts of Full Time Faculty Members
 Designation        2002-03           2003-04              2004-05           2005-06

                M    F   Total    M    F   Total      M     F   Total    M      F      Total
 Professor.     1    -    1       1    -        1      1    -        1   -      -        -
 Associate.     -    -        -   -    -        -      -    1        1   -      1       1
 Professor.
 Assistant      -    1    1       -    1        1      -    -        -   -      -        -
 Professor
 Lecturer       3    -    3       3    1    7          7    1    8       8      1       9
 Total          4    1    5       4    2    19         8    2    10      8      2       10




Table 9: Faculty with PhD Degree
S#          faculty      designation                specialization university       funding
1.          Bashir       Professor                  Physical       University       University
            Ahmad                                   chemistry      of               of
                                                                   Peshawar         Peshawar
2.             Mrs Ghosia professor                 Biochemistry University         University
               lutfullah                                           of               of
                                                                   Peshawar         Peshawar




                                                                                               26
Table 10: Faculty distribution by programme areas
Programme area of Courses in the Number                           of Number
Specialization           area and average Faculty                    of
                         number           of members              in Faculty
                         sections per year   each area               with
                                                                     M.Phil
Biotechnology                                             3             1
 Biochemistry                                             2              -
 Molecular biology                                        3             3
Microbiology                                              3             3
 Pharmaceutical                                           1             1
biotechnology

Table 11: Para teaching Staff

S#     post                                              grade
1      librarian                                         11
2      Senior clerk                                      09
3      Lab attendant                                     05
4      Naib Qasid sr.                                    05
5      Naib Qasid jr.                                    02
6      Assistant accountant officer                      16

Faculty development

Currently four faculty members of this centre are on study leave for improving their
qualification in different foreign countries like Australia, USA, UK and S. Korea.
Three faculty members send through faculty development programme. One
faculty member is doing PhD through Korean scholarship.




                                                                                 27
Faculty Survey:

Faculty survey was conducted on the prescribed Performa of HEC, the results are
tabulated below:


Table 12: Faculty survey Result
                          Research Teaching and Community Service
   Very                                                                       Very
 Satisfied   %     Satisfied    %     Neutral   %     Dissatisfied   %     dissatisfied   %
    4        40%      5        50%       1     10%          0        0%         0         0%
                                   Intellectual Stimulation
    3        30%      3        30%       4     40%          0        0%         0         0%
                                   Teaching and Research
    6        60%      3        30%       1     10%          0        0%         0         0%
                                  Interaction with students
    4        40%      5        50%       1     10%          0        0%         0         0%
                                         Cooperation
    0        0%       6        60%       4     40%          0        0%         0         0%
                                      Monitoring                                           0
    1        10%      6        60%       3     30%          0        0%         0         0%
                                    Administrative support
    3        30%      4         40%      3     30%         1         1%         0         0%
                                      Faculty Promotion
    1        10%      6         60%      3     30%         0         0%         0         0%
                               Prospects for advancement                                   0
    1        10%      6         60%      3     30%         0         0%         0         0%
                                  Salary and other Packages
    0        0%       6         60%      4     40%         0         0%         0         0%
                                         Job Security
    0        0%       5         50%      5     50%         0         0%         0         0%
                                        Time for family
    0        0%       4         40%      4     40%         1         10%        1         10%
                                  Climate of the Department
    1        10%      6         60%      1     10%         1         10%        1         10%




                                                                                     28
            PUBLICATIONS

Local Journal               National journal              International journal
N/A                         N/A                           33


Details of International Publications by Faculty Members:

         1. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Hassan Shah, Shumaila Bashir, Haroon Khan,
            Jehandar Shah. Enzyme inhibition activities of Andrachne Cordifolia
            Muell. Journal of Enzyme inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry (UK). 22(2):
            235-238 (2007).

         2. Muhammad Nisar, B. Adzu, Inamullah, Ahmad Bashir, AH Gilani.
            Antipyretic and antinociceptive activities of ziziphus oxyphyla Edgew
            extract, Phytotherapy Research (UK). 21, 693 (2007).

         3. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Hassan Shah, Shumaila Bashir, M.Nisar and MI
            Chaodhry. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of ANDRACHNE
            CORDIFOLIA MUELL. Journal of Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem.
            22(6), 726 (2007).

         4. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Mukkaram Shah, Haroon Khan, SM Hassan Shah.
            Enzyme inhibition activities of Teucrium royleanum. Journal of Enzyme
            inhibition and Med. Chem. 22(6), 730 (2007).

         5. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Mukkaram, Shumaila Bashir and Halima Begum.
            Bioassay screening and standardization of Teucrium royleanum. Journal of
            Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem. (UK). 23(1), 136 (2008).

         6. Muhammad Nisar, Bashir Ahmad, Inamullah, Muhammad Iqbal
            Choudhary. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of Texus wallichiana
            zucc. Journal of Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem. 23(2), 256 (2008).


         7. Bashir Ahmad, S.M. Mukkaram Shah, Haroon Khan, SM Hassan Shah-
            Bioassay scdreening and standardization of Teucrium royleanum (Journal
            of Enzyume inhibition and Med. Chem. 23(1), 1369 (2008)

         8. Muhammad Nisar, Bashir Ahmad, Inamullah, M.I. Choudhary
            (Antibacterial and antifungal Activities of Texus wallichiana Zucc. (Journal
            of Enzyme inhibition and Med. Chem. 23(2),256(2008)

         9. Bashir Ahmad, Niaz Ali, Shumaila Bashir, Sadiq Azam. Biological
            activities of aerial parts of Tylophora hirsuta wall. African Journal of
            Biotechnology 8(3), (2009).




                                                                                     29
10. Bashir Ahmad, Niaz Ali, Shumaila Bashir, Sadiq Azam, Ibrar Khan and
    Jamshaid Ahmad, Cholinommetic and calcium blocking activities of aerial
    parts of Tylophora hisruta wall , Journal Chem. Soc. Pak, 24(3)291(2009)

11. Niaz Ali, Bashir Ahmad, Shumaila Bashir, Sadiq Azam, Jahandar Shah &
    Manzoor Ahmad. Calcium Channel blocking activities of Withania
    coagulans. African Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmocology vol: 3 (3) July
    2009. (accepted)


12. G. Luthfullah, A.R. Anjum, I. Ali and I. Ahmad, Journal Chem. Soc. Pak.,
    29(2), 189 (2007).

13. Ghosia Lutfullah, Farhat Amin, Zahid Khan, Noreen Azhar, M.Kamran
    Azim, Sajid Noor, Khalida Shoukat, Homology Modeling Of
    Hemagglutinin/Protease [Ha/P (Vibriolysin)] From Vibrio Cholerae:
    Sequence Comparision, Residue Interactions And Molecular Mechanism,
    The Protein Journal, 27(2):105-14, 2007.

14. Ghosia Lutfullah, Hilal Shahid Khalil, Farhat Amin, Noreen Azhar, Low
    Oxygen affinity in reptilian Hemoglobin D; Prediction of residue
    interactions in Geochelone carbonaria HbD by Homology Modeling, The
    Protein. Journal, 27:141–150, 2008.

15. Naeem Ali, Ikramullah, Ghosia Lutfullah, Abdul Hameed and
    Safia Ahmed, Decolorization of Acid red 151 by Aspergillus niger SA1
    under different physicochemical conditions .World Journal of Microbiology
    and Biotechnology, 24:1099–1105, 2008.

16. Sirajuddin, Lutfullah Kakakhel, Ghosia Lutfullah, Muhammad Iqbal
    Bhanger, Afzal Shah and Abdul Niaz, Electrolytic recovery of chromium
    salts from tannery wastewater, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 148,560-
    565, 2007.

17. Tasleem Akhtar, Ghosia Lutfullah, Abdul Rahim Rubina Nazli, Serum
    Alanine Aminotransferase levels in Hepatitis C Patients in Teaching
    hospitals of Peshawar, J. Chem. Soc. of Pak ., 30(1), 106-109, 2008.


18. Izhar Ahmad. Ghosia Lutfullah., Roshan Zamir and S.Ttariq Shah, In
    vitro response of various growth regulators on the regeneration of
    Bougainvillea spectabilis WILD, Suranaree J.Sci. Technol., 14(2), 157-162,
    2007.


19. Ghosia Lutfullah, Noreen Azhar, Farhat Amin, Zahid Khan , M. Kamran
    Azim, Khalida Shouqat , Sajid Noor and Rizwan Ali – Structural
    Bioinformatics of Vibrio Cholera Amino peptidase A (PepA) Monomer,
    Protein & Peptide letters, 16,36-45,2009/ Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.



                                                                           30
20. Ghosia Lutfullah, Tasleem Akhtar, k. Z Fatima, Nisar Ahmad and Ijaz
    Ahmad- Irradiation effect on Antimicrobial properties, Nutritonal values
    and some Physico-chemical characteristics of Nigella sativa. J. Chem. Soc.
    Of Pak. V01/30. No.6, PP 860-864, 2009

21. Ghosia Lutfullah, Shaheen Atta, Seema Gul Taufiq Ahmad- Effect of
    gamma irradiation on the nutritional quality of ready to eat fast food, (J.
    Chem, Soc, of Pakistan. Vol.30, No. 6 pp 879-883,2009

22. Ghosia Lutfullah, Frahat Amin, Zahid Khan, Noreen Azhar, M. Kamran
    Azim, Sajid Noor, Khalida Shoukat- Homology Modeling of
    Hemafflutinin/Protease [Ha/P (Vibriolysin)] From Vibrio Cholerae:
    Sequence Comparision, Residue Interaction and Molecular Mechanism,
    Portein. J 2008; 27(2): 105-14

23. Ghosia Lutfullah, Hilal Shahid Khalil, Farhat Amin, Noreen Azhar, - Low
    Oxygen affinity in reptilian Hemoglobin D; Prediction of residue
    interaction in Geochelone carbonaria HbD by Homology Modelling,
    (Protein J. 2008; 27(2):141-50

24. Naeem Ali Ikramullah, Ghosia Lutfullah, Abdul Hameed and Safia
    Ahmed. - Decolorization of Acid red 151 by Aspergillus niger SA1 under
    different pnysicochemical conditions. World Jouran of Microbiology and
    Biotechnology, (2008) 24: 1099-1105

25. Ghosia Lutfullah, Rubina nazli, Tasleem Akhat- Serum Aminotransferase
    Levels as a Marker of Liver Cirrhosis in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C
    Infection, J. Chem. Soc. Of Pak. 30(3),2008


26. Tasleem Akhtar, Ghosia Lutfullah, Robuna Nali,- Comparison of liver test
    in Cirrhotic and non-Cirrhotic Hepatitis C Patients., J. Chem. Soc. Of Pak.
    30(4), 766-769,2008

27. Tasleem Akhtar, Ghosia Lutfullah, Robina Nazli- Synthesis of
    Phenolformaldehyde-Lihnosulfonate adhesive for Utilizaiton as a Wood
    binder. J.Chem. Soc. Of Pak. 30(3), 486-489,2008

28. Saatea Arif, Ghosia Lutfullah, Sameer Waheed, Bushra Iftikhar, Nrgis
    Jamil,Jamil-ur-Rehman. & Shamim Alam – Hyperhomocysteinemia and
    low vitamin B status in the patients with acute myocardial infarction.
    Journal of Medical Sciences. Vol. 16, No.2, 72-79, July 2008.

29. Hamayun M. S. A. Khan, H-Y Kim, M F Chaudhary, Y-H Hwang, D-H
   Shin, I-K Kim, B-H Lee and I-J (2009) Gibberellin Production and Plant
   Growth Enhancement by Newly Isolated Strain of Scolecobasidium
   tshawytshae, Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. 19 (6): 560-565




                                                                            31
30. Hamayun M. S. A. Khan, AL Khan, G Rehman, EY Sohn, SK Kim, GJ Joo
   and IJ Lee. Phoma Herbarum as a New Gibberellin-Producing and Plant
   Growth-Promoting Fungus. Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology.
   (Available as online) 2009.
31. Khan SA, M Hamayun (Co-First author), AL Khan, Bashir Ahmad, S
   Ahmed and IJ Lee. Effect of pH, temperature and glucose on
   biodegradation of 4-aminophenol by novel bacterial strain Pseudomonas sp.
   ST-4. African Journal of Biotechnology (Accepted).
32. Hamayun M. S. A. Khan, D-S Tang, Y-H Hwang and I-J Lee (2009)
   Cladosporium sphaerospermum as a new plant growth promoting
   endophyte from the roots of Glycine max (L.) Merr. World Journal of
   Microbiology and Biotechnology. 25(4): 627-632
33. SA Khan, M Hamayun, H-Y Kim, I-J Lee and J-G Kim (2009) Gibberellin
   Production and Plant Growth Promotion by a New Strain of Gliomastix
   murorum. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnolgy. 25: 829-833.
34. SA Khan, M Hamayun, H-Y Kim, H-J Yoon, J-C Seo, Y-S Choo, I-J Lee,
   S-D Kim, I-K Rhee and J-G kim (2009). A new strain of Arthrinium
   phaeospermum isolated from Carex kobmugi Ohwi is capable of
   Gibberellin production. Biotechnology letters 31(2): 283-287.
35. SA Khan, M Hamayun, (Co-first author), H-J Yoon, H-Y Kim, S-J Suh, S-
   K Hwang, J-M Kim, I-J Lee, Y-S Choo, U-H Yoon, W-S Kong, B-M Lee
   and J-G Kim (2008). Plant growth promotion and Penicillium citrinum.
   BMC Microbiology 2008, 8: 231.
36. SA Khan, M Hamayun, S O Rim, I-J Lee, J C Seu, Y S Choo, I N Jin, S D
   Kim I K Lee and J G Kim (2008). Isolation of endophytic fungi capable of
   plant growth promotion from monocots in the coastal sand dunes of Korea.
   Journal of Life Science 18(10): 1355-1359




                                                                         32
CONFERENCE PAPER


Local                       National                     International
N/A                         01                           01


Details of Papers:
   1. Title: A Comparison of Hepatic Biochemical Parameters in Symptomatic and
      Asymptomatic Anti-HCV Positive Patients. The Second International
      Conference of Virology: Emerging and Exotic Viral Infection, Challenging Threats
      of Human, Animal and Plant Health. Egyptian Society of Virology , Cairo, Egypt
      (April, 2008)
   2. Title: Low Oxygen affinity in reptilian Hemoglobin D; Prediction of residue
      interactions in Geochelone carbonaria HbD by Homology Modeling. 4th
      International Symposium on Biotechnology & Ist Pakistan-China-Iran.
      International conference on Biotechnology at Institute of Biotechnology and
      Genetic Engineering, University of Sindh, Jamshoro (Nov, 2007).

 BOOKS/MONOGRAPHS
Details of Books/ Monographs: N/A




                                                                                   33
 Conferences/Workshops Attended by Faculty:

Table: 13


S.No. Name of        Title of Conference        Held at                Sponsoring
       Participant   with date                                         Agency
1      Dr. Bashir    Conference on              QAU,                   HEC
       Ahmad         Nanoscience and            Islamabad
                     Catalysis
2      Dr. Bashir    Symposim on                Elementary &           Government
       Ahmad         “Academic Atmosphere       Secondary              of N.W.F.P
                     in Educational             Education              Pakistan
                     Insttiutions,              Department
                     Shortcomings and Tehir     (Education Sector
                     Solutions / Education      reforms Unit)
                     Sector Reforms”
3      Ms. Sahar     Conference on              QAU,                   HEC
       Nigar         Nanoscience and            Islamabad
                     Catalysis
4      Dr. Ghosia    4th International          Institute of           University of
                     Symposium on               Biotechnology and      Sindh,
       Lutfullah
                     Biotechnology & Ist        Genetic                Jamshoro.
                     Pakistan-China-Iran        Engineering,
                     International conference   University of Sindh,
                     on Biotechnology,          Jamshoro.
                     Bioengineering, and
                     Biophysical Chemistry
5      Dr. Ghosia    2nd Internationa           Egyptian               Egypt
                     Conference of Virology     Iternational Center
       Lutfullah
                                                for Agriculture,
                                                Dokki, Giza, Egypt
6      Dr. Ghosia    2nd International          Yarmouk University     Yarmouk
                     Jordanian- Egyptian        , Irbid-Jordan         University ,
       Lutfullah
                     Biotechnology                                     Irbid-Jordan
                     Conference
7      Dr. Ghosia    2nd International          University of          University of
                     Symposium Cum              Karachi                Karachi
       Lutfullah
                     training Course on
                     Molecular Medicine and
                     Drug Design



                                                                                    34
Table: 14           Seminars attended by faculty
S.No          Name         of   venue              title           From-To
             Participant
1            Miss    Farhat HEC regional Data analysis February               17-
                            office       and research
             Shaheen                                   18 2009
                            Peshawar      proposal
                                         writing

             -do-               Bannu              Biotechnology   June      9-10
                                university         for             2008
                                                   development
2            Mr      Riaz HEC regional Data analysis February                 17-
                          office       and research
             Muhammad                                18 2009
                          Peshawar      proposal
                                       writing

             -do-               Food               QAU Islamabad March 24-8 Feb
                                enhancement/                       2008
                                Biosecurity anf
                                biosafety
3            Mr Fida Hasan      Food               QAU Islamabad March 24-8 Feb
                                enhancement/                       2008
                                Biosecurity anf
                                biosafety


 Organized
 N/A




                                                                              35
 WORKSHOPS
Table: 15   Attended
S.No. Name                of Title of Conference with Held at                Sponsoring
      Participant            Date                                            Agency
1.    Ms. Natasha Qaisar     Life-Sciences-HEC             Department of     HEC, Pakistan
      Khan                   Workshop on “Avian            Microbiology,
                             Mycoplasmosis”                University of
                                                           Karachi
2     Dr. Ghosia Lutfullah   Biotechnology for             KUST, Kohat       KUST
      (as Resource person)   Development


3     Ms. Sahar Nigar        Biotechnology for             KUST, Kohat
                             Development                                     KUST

3     Ms.Fardah Shahid       Biotechnology for             KUST, Kohat       KUST
                             Development
4     Mr.Jamshaid Ahmad      Pakistan workshop on S &      PCST, Islamabad   PCST
                             T Statistics: International
                             practices & application
5.    Mr.Momin Khan          Control of Hepatitis C        KUST, Kohat       KUST
                             Virus
6     Mr. Saeed Khattak      Control of Hepatitis C        KUST, Kohat       KUST
                             Virus
7     Mr. Sadiq Azam         International Symposium       University of     Punjab
      & Mr. Ibrar Khan       on glyco-protein in health    Punjab            University
                             and diseases
8     Mr. Ibrar Khan         International Workshop on     Arid University   Rawalpindi
                             Molecular Techniques in       Rawalpindi
                             biological Research




                                                                                 36
STAFF TRAINING:
(Received/Imparted)
Table: 16
Name of         Title of Training      Type             Held at           Sponsored by
Trainee
Prof. Dr.       HPLC based             HPLC             Singapore         Shimadzo
Bashir          (Amino Acid                                               Japan
Ahmad           Analyzer)
Ms. Nida        Mass Spectrometry      Mass             Liaqat Ebrahim
Munir                                  Spectrometry     Jamal, Karachi    Planning and
                                                                          Development
                                                        University
Staff           HPLC based             HPLC             Centre of         Shimadzo
members and (Amino Acid                                 Biotechnology     Japan
Ph. D           Analyzer)                               University of
Students                                                Peshawar


 Research Projects
        Funded by
        1. University: N/A
        2. Higher Education Commission (HEC): N/A
        3. Other Agencies; N/A


JOURNALS PUBLISHED BY THE DEPARTMENT
 N/A.




CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES OF STAFF
        Mr. Saeedullah Khattak: teacher in charge for Student affairs.



                                                                                     37
         Mr. Sajjid & Mr. Saeed Khattak: teacher in charge and co-incharge respectively,
          for the COB Talent Club. They have organized Intra Departmental Cricket
          Competitions for students and faculty.
         Ms. Nida Munir: is working on institute’s website development and also library in
          charge.
         Ms. Sahar Nigar: teacher in charge for Biotech Science Circle. Students under
          Biotech Science Circle have actively participated in Science and Technology
          Model competition organized by Directorate of Science and Technology, Govt. of
          NWFP.

Table 17: Research Projects Submitted by Faculty
S.No.       Faculty Member                               Title of Project
  1.       Mr sajid ali           Molecular characterization of FMD viral strains and
                                 vaccine against potent strains
     2.    Mr saeed khattak      1. Determination of antibiotic resistance of salmonella
                                 isolated from various sources
                                 2.Isolation identification and production of antibiotics
                                 from Bacillus subtilus



Table 18: magazine published by Department
 Title         of patron         First           Teacher in Funding        General
 magazine                        Issue           charge      Source(s)    secretary
  Biotech science Prof.Dr Bashir 2006             Miss sahar  Univ:    of Ishaq
 circle (Bsc)     ahmad                          Nigar       Peshawar     khan



SECTION -7

Criterion 7: Institutional Facilities

7.1 Introduction

The faculty members of the centre of biotechnology and microbiology have access
to computers, internet facility. The faculty have access to printing and copying
facilities in the department. The above-mentioned factors are helpful in providing
favourable environment for imparting quality education to the students and
producing good quality research.

7.2 Infrastructure

The Department has indicated the following shortcomings/problems:

1.         Many faculty members do not have their own PC and they share with one
           another. This creates problem of wastage of time. Every teacher may be
           provided with PC.
2.         Most of the computers are very old and obsolete. Latest PC with better
           speed will increase the working capacity.


                                                                                            38
3.      All the software used in the department is pirated copies and this creates
        a lot of problem and a constant warning from the Microsoft Company.
        One licensed copy of each software need to be provided to the
        department, this would solve this problem.
4.      Attack of virus from the net is a daily phenomenon and it creates wastage
        of time and corruption of files in the PC.




7.3 Library Facility

Central Library:

The Central Library of the University has very limited facility both in terms of
number of book, journals and periodicals. The overall environment of the library is
not conducive for research. No catalogue system is available for the students and
faculty to search for literature and books.
Most of the books are quite old and the organization is very poor. Other facilities in
the reading rooms are negligible. There is no facility to work with a laptop in the
library.
However, things are now changing and it is hoped that with the passage of time
some improvement can be seen in the central library of the university.

DEPARTMENTAL LIBRARY

There is a library in the centre of biotechnology and microbiology having about
more than 3000 books of concern subjects. Most of the literature needs of the
students and faculty are fulfilled from here. Most of these books are up to date
and some are photocopies and duplicates of the originals.
Due to limited space, the working environment in the library is not good. It is most
of the time full and no space is available for reading. There is a professionally
trained librarian who takes keen interest in the up gradation and organization of
the library. The library is also air conditioned and provides a nice opportunity in
summer season for reading subject to availability of seat. The funds available for
the purchase of books is very limited .Books are purchased from time to time from
different book publishing companies for the up gradation of library. The
department is not on the regular subscription list of any national and international
journals.

However, the HEC has subscribed many e-journals and electronic books on its
digital library. This is highly appreciated. Nevertheless, many articles from the
digital library are available on payment and the university library is supposed to
provide these on personal request. This is not happening. Moreover, for reading
the articles a hard copy is needed and every student and faculty has no printer
facility and it is quite expensive to make copies in the market. This problem has
multi dimensional impacts on teaching and research and therefore, an immediate
solution is needed for the enhancement of teaching and research.




                                                                                   39
    7.5 Class Room and Faculty Offices

Space in terms of faculty offices and class rooms is one of the main problems of
the department. The number of class rooms is not only limited but also lacks some
of the basic facilities. Six multi media are available in the department for six class
rooms. Moreover, for carrying out practical exercises and conducting interim test
no room is available. This affects the quality of teaching and delivering of lectures.
There is no hall or auditorium for seminars.

The problem of faculty offices is a main issue in the department. Only four
Professors have their own single offices and the remaining faculty members share
rooms. The situation is deplorable and up to nine faculty members are sharing
their offices. This badly affects their capacity of work and preparation for classes.
The only solution is to provide enough space for work to each faculty.

SECTION 8:

Criterion 8: Institutional Support
.
8.1 Introduction

The University is trying its level best to strengthen all the graduates and
postgraduate of the departments. The main objective is to provide excellent
education and practical training to the students. Moreover, the university is
providing good facilities to attract highly qualified faculty. Scholarships for the
M.Phil, PhD scholars and teaching assistants are also available for students help.
However more efforts are needed. There is also a need for increasing the financial
resources allocated to the department to acquire and maintain library, laboratories
and computer facilities. The university should plan for future to provide enough
space for the department for library, faculty offices and class rooms.

8.2 Support and Financial Resources

Some factors that can contribute positively to the motivation of the faculty are
recommended as follows:
    Giving Scholarship to all the faculty members who have not yet completed
     their PhDs.
    Provide research Grants to the young faculty members for conduction
     innovative research.
    Support the young researchers for publication of their research articles in
     reputed journals.
    The process of promotion should be streamlined and properly adopted for
     all the faculty members based on merit.
    Discrimination and favouritism need to be discouraged at all levels for the
     achievement of transparency particularly in promotions.




                                                                                   40
8.3 Graduate Students and Research Scholars

In the centre of biotechnology and microbiology students are enrolled in different
programmes. Some visiting teachers are arranged for different courses.
 The admission of students is carried out once a year, however, the MPhil and
PhD Scholars are enrolled semester-wise i.e. two intakes per year. A general
merit is followed and the prerequisite is to pass the indigenous GRE examination.
In case of higher programme while there is no condition of GRE test for admission
in BS honour. Detail of the students and research scholars is provided in the
following table.




Table 19: Student Enrolment in different programmes from 2003 to 2007

Level of         2001-02            2002-03            2003-04            2004-05            2005-06
Education   M     F    Total   M     F    Total   M     F    Total   M     F    Total   M     F    Total
Master      12    18    30     26    19    45     50    28    78     47    25    72     53    32    85
16 years
of Edu
 st
1 Year
  st
(1
Semester)
 nd
2 Year      12    25    37     12    18    30     26    19    45     50    28    78     50    31    81
  rd
(3
Semester)
Master      3     4     7      9           9      2     1     3      6           6      6      -    6
(H) 16+
years of
Edu
 st
1 Year      8           8      2     3     5      6           6      2     1     3      5     1     6
  st
(1
Semester)
M. Phil.                                          1           1      5     6     11     4     6     10
Ph.D.                                             1           1      8     2     10     2     2      4




8.4 Financial Resources

The Total Budget for the financial year is not sufficient for the purchase of
necessary items and needs to be enhanced particularly for the purchase of books,
research journals and periodicals. Enough money should be provided for the
purchase of lab instruments, glass wares, chemicals, maintenance of computers.

Objectives for the 2008-09 Session:
1. Establishment of diagnostic Lab
2. Establishment of data bank for bioinformatics lab
3. To establish micro bank to preserve important micro organism isolated from
different sources to use it for research purposes.
4. Extension of infrastructure of the centre.



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Vision for the Future:

1. To be the leading institute in field of research by improving applied research in
the field of biotechnology and microbiology.

2. To be recognized for quality researchers both nationally and internationally.
3. It aims to maintain a gene bank and mass-produce DNA enzyme for their ready
availability and use by various research groups.




Prepared by:
                                              Prof. Dr. BashIr Ahmad (Director)

                                             Centre of biotechnology and microbiology
                                              University of Peshawar




Checked by:                                           (Muhammad Taimur Khan)
                                                      Director,
                                                       Quality Enhancement Cell
                                                       University of Peshawar




Date of submission to HEC:                             27-10-2009.




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