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					     Constitution
   Articles, Sections, Clause
Chapter, Paragraphs, Sentences
                      Its like this…
   Articles
       Sections
            Clause
   Chapters
       Paragraphs
            Sentences
              The Chapters
   Preamble
   Article I       The Legislative Branch
   Article II      The Executive Branch
   Article III     The Judicial Branch
   Article IV Relations Among the state
   Article V       The Amending Process
   Article VI      National Supremacy
   Article VII     Ratification of the Cons.
Article I            The Legislative Branch
   Bicameral system
   Qualifications
       25 years old
       7 years a citizen of the USA
       Must reside in the state they represent


   Senate 100 members
   House of Reps. 435
   Bicameral System (2 houses)
       House of Rep. = Virginia Plan 435
       Senate = New Jersey Plan 100
             Chapter 3 Section 1
   Articles
       7 divisions of the constitution; first three
        covers the three branches of the national
        government; next is about how to change
        “IT”
   The Amendments ( or changes )
       27 times throughout our nations history
    Major Principles of Constitution 6
   Popular Sovereignty
       Rule by the people


   Federalism
       Describe the basic structure of America
       Power is divided between national and state
        governments
                Major Principles
   Separation of Powers
       Each branch has its responsibilities, a system
        that the founders hoped would prevent any
        branch from gaining too much power
   Checks and Balances
       Each branch of government exercises some
        control over the others
                Major Principles
   Judicial Review
       The power of the courts to declare laws and
        actions of local, state, or national
        governments invalid if they violate the
        constitution (McCulloch v. Maryland)
   Limited government
       Means… that the constitution limits the
        actions of government by specifically listing
        powers it does and does not have
         Chapter 3 Section 2
    Three branches of Government
   Expressed powers
       Powers directly stated in the constitution
   Enumerated powers
       Article I Section 8
       Found in the section directly giving the power
        to …
   Elastic clause
       This clause gives congress the right to make
        all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out
        the power expressed in Article I.
       Who deems something “necessary and
        proper”?
     The three branches of Gov.
   Article I - pass laws
   Article II – enforces laws
   Article III –interoperates the laws
Article I The Legislative Branch
   Part-time job
   Power to make laws
   Over rule vetoes 2/3 vote

   Makes laws, yes, makes laws, that’s right,
    makes laws, yes that is nice, that some
    one makes rules…
                            Article II
   Specific powers
       Commander in chief
       Appoints (with senate’s consent)
            Heads of executive departments (cabinet)
            Judges to federal courts
             supreme court justices
            ambassadors
       Pardon
       Treaties (with senate’s consent)
       Delivers state of the union
       Calls congress into special session
       Ensures that the laws congress passes are “faithfully
        executed”
                     Article III
   Federal courts
   State courts

   Supreme court
           Section 3 amending the
                 constitution
   Almost impossible to do !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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    !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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    !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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               Amendments
   Amendment 1
    Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly,
     and petition
    Does it have limits?
   Amendment 2
       Right to bear Arms (militia)
   Amendment 3
       Quartering Soldiers
   Amendment 4
       Search and Seizure
            Warrants upon where and what they are looking
             for.
   Amendment 5
       Rights of the Accused
   Amendment 6
       Requirements for Jury Trial
       Assistance of counsel for defense
   Amendment 7
       Rules of Common Law
           Anything over 20 dollars = trail by jury
   Amendment 8
    Limits on Criminal Punishments
    Excessive bail or cruel and unusual punishments
   Amendment 9
       Rights kept by the people
       Enumeration in the constitution
   Amendment 10
       Powers of the state
            All powers not in the constitution is up to the
             states
   Amendment 11
       Lawsuits Against a state
          Must be in state court
          First time that an amendment was enacted to
           override a supreme court decision
   Amendment 12
       Election of President and Vice President
   1848
Civil War
54th   Massachusetts
    The Savior of the Union

   Joshua L.
    Chamberlain
   Amendment 13
       Slavery Abolished
            680,000 people died for this
   Amendment 14
       Civil Right Guaranteed
          Definition of citizen
          Apportionment of representatives

          Restrictions of holding office
   Amendment 15
       Black Voting Rights
            The right to vote can not be denied by race, color,
             or previous conditions of servitude
   Amendment 16 (1913)
       Income Tax
   Amendment 17 (1913)
       Direct Election of Senators
   Amendment 18 (1919)
       prohibition
   Amendment 19 (1920)
       Women’s Voting rights
   Amendment 20 (1933)
       Terms of Office and Presidential Succession
   Amendment 21 (1933)
       Repeal of Prohibition
            Sec. 2 states or local government continue
             prohibition if they wish
   Amendment 22 (1951)
       Pres. Can only be elected twice
   Amendment 23 (1961)
       Voting in the District of Columbia
   Amendment 24 (1964)
       Poll Tax illegal
   Amendment 25 (1967)
       Presidential Disability (1967)
   Amendment 26 (1971)
       Voting Age
       58,000 died for this

				
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posted:10/22/2011
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