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Redefining, reinventing and repositioning the information professionals and digital libraries in the new information landscape Shalini R.Urs Department of Library and Information Science University of Mysore firstname.lastname@example.org CONTEXT ‘comfort zone’ of the traditional monopolistic The information and communication technologies positing to ‘aggressively competitive’ survival of have brought in dramatic shifts and paradigm the fittest information market jungle changes in the precincts of the demand and supply chain of the information. The roles and functions of THE NEW PARADIGM FOR DIGITAL the different players in the information landscape LIBRARIANS are being redefined. The once venerated The changing scenario of the market place and the institutions of libraries are challenged with new technology requires that we take ‘de novo’ services and players in the information ‘bazaars’. approach to the development of a DL education Any educational programme for digital libraries programme. Such an exercise should necessarily has to watch out for not only the technological adopt the following: changes but also market trends. An interdisciplinary perspective The trends and perceptions that we need to watch User-Centric ( read market centric) out are: strategy ‘Information as resource’ philosophy In the eyes of our clients (users) libraries ‘Container independent & format are just another cyber stand in the independent information’ focus information market place. A value addition process view There are far too many information resources and services in the market place. DIGITAL LIBRARIES: CORE AREAS, TASKS, There is greater fragmentation of the AND SKILLS market. In order to evolve a curriculum for digital libraries, Technology is changing faster then we it is concomitant to first delineate the core areas of ever imagined. the field of digital libraries. The core ‘areas’ of Our clients get more demanding and user digital libraries are: expectation increases by the day. Need for higher end research and value Information User addition for the information that we Information Resources deliver. Value addition processes Information Technologies In the above context developing an educational Information Management programme for DL is to look beyond competencies and skills-it involves changing the philosophy , The major tasks, and the knowledge attitudes and mindsets of the professionals and the and skills required to perform those tasks in field . Keeping the above in view an attempt has each of the above areas are enumerated in been made in this paper to identify the core areas, the tasks involved and skill sets required for digital Table 1. librarians to not only function effectively but also to survive and sustain! We need to move from the Area Tasks Requisite Knowledge & Skills Information User Understanding the user Theoretical Underpinnings of Identifying and Analysing Use Studies user needs Qualitative Research Methods Reference Interview Quantitative Research Methods Query Formulation Psychological Tools Search Strategy Information Resources Identification Types - Print & Electronic Evaluation Nature & characteristics Selection Meta Sources Searching &Search Engines Norms, Techniques and Procedures of Evaluation Value Addition Compilation of Theoretical (Logical, Linguistic, processes Bibliographies, Databases Psychological) Foundations of Developing Virtual Libraries Knowledge Organisation Design and Development of Paradigms of Knowledge User Interfaces Organisation Organising (Classification, Indexing Languages, Tools and Cataloguing, Indexing, Techniques for Knowledge Abstracting) Information Representation Resources; Information Resource Cataloguing & Analysis and Consolidation Description: Record Formats, Design and Development of METADATA, Organising E-Content INTERNET Resources Development of Digital Programming Languages, Libraries DBMS Authoring Software Tools, Multimedia / Hypermedia tools Electronic Publishing,: SGML, HTML, DHTML, XML, PDF Digitization techniques Area Tasks Requisite Knowledge & Skills Information Technology Systems Study/Analysis and Understanding of Requirement Analysis Information & IT market survey Communication Technology Identification and selection of Hardware: Computer, suitable hardware and Telecommunication, software for automation, Networking and Storage LANs, Internet, Intranets, etc. Technologies Setting up the system Network processors-routers, Data conversion gateways, bridges etc WEB site development and Operating Systems: Registration WINDOWS, UNIX, LINUX Network operating systems Office Automation Networking Topologies and Protocols: OOPS: C, C++, Visual Basic, Java, ASP, API, PHP etc CGI Scripting Languages: Perl, Java scripting WEB site management Digital document creation- files and formats Preservation techniques – digital watermarking and digital signatures Management Planning: Strategic & Tactical Theories & Schools Resource Management: of Management Finance, Human Resources Information Developing Decision Support Economy Systems Psychology of the Consumer Organisational Re – Management Principles & Engineering Techniques Knowledge Management: Methods of Forecasting Information Flow Principles of Marketing Management Techniques & Tools of Market Workflow Management Research Project Management Strategies and Methods of Market Research Marketing Pricing & Marketing Project Management Tools: Evaluation Budgeting Techniques: OR Quality Certification Techniques, Linear Programming Performance Evaluation: Measurement Techniques TQM: ISO 9000 series and other standards Intellectual Property Rights Table 1. Tasks and requisite knowledge and skills in the five areas.
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