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					                             CLIPS REPORT
 Clips Report is a selection of local, statewide and national news clips about the University of
 Missouri and higher education, compiled by UM System University Communications as a service
 for UM System officials. The report may include articles dealing with controversial subjects,
 policy matters, higher education trends and other significant topics affecting the University.

 The articles are not screened for accuracy, balance of favorable and unfavorable reports,
 or representation of campuses, University Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially
 those from Columbia newspapers, are written by students. The report is not an effort to
 measure the University’s public information efforts.

                                              July 27, 2007

UM curators to discuss UMKC harassment case, 1
UM curators to approve UMR tech park plans, 7
Hulshof says he‘s moved past rejection from UM president post, 9
UM‘s Lehmkuhle hired as University of Minnesota-Rochester chancellor, 11
Former UM president Floyd taps Truman State administrator, 15
ABC Labs searches for new investor, 16
Opposition cited in decision of bio lab at MU, 18
MU budget plan draws faculty criticism, 20
MU selects new dean of veterinary medicine, 26
Science magazine to retract MU study, 28
MU researchers win $1.9M NSF grant, 34
MU study looks at nanotech dangers, 35
MU students help older drivers find a perfect fit behind the wheel, 36
MU study ties heavy drinking to fake IDs, 37
Some MU greek houses getting makeovers, 39
Sprinkler keeps fire from spreading at MU, 41
Missouri S&T design concepts unveiled, 42
UMR professor: ‗Yoga is a way of life,‘ 44
SEMO construction crews working on new cultural arts building, 45
Drury adds new building in Cabool, 47
Six more Missouri colleges have entered into lending code of conduct agreements, 49
Stowers Institute warns of politics in research, 50
U. of Kansas will not forward RIAA letters, 55
Senate majority leader withdraws original amendment on file sharing to Higher Education Act, 56
Senate passes sweeping higher education bill, 61
Senate passes bill boosting aid for college, 63
Governors urged to set up ‗compacts‘ with colleges to work to fulfill states‘ economic needs, 65
Government concludes ‗exceptional performers‘ program on student loans should be eliminated, 66
Defense spending bill would cap overhead reimbursement at 20% at research universities, 67
The Kansas City Star
Curators to discuss UMKC sexual harassment case
Friday, July 27, 2007

MARCELINE, Mo. | University of Missouri curators today will discuss for the first time the UMKC sexual
harassment case that led to a $1.1 million settlement against the institution.

―I want us to learn from this and prevent this from ever happening again,‖ Curator Warren Erdman of
Kansas City said Thursday.

Curators said the discussion would be conducted in a closed session because it involves litigation.
Last month, the University of Missouri-Kansas City agreed to pay the money to settle a July 2006 lawsuit
alleging that two professors sexually harassed women in the psychology department.

A 2005 investigation by UMKC‘s Affirmative Action Office found insufficient evidence to support the
complaints made by the women against professors Keith Haddock and Walker S. Carlos Poston II.

The professors later were promoted and received raises.

Now UMKC‘s new director of affirmative action has opened a second investigation.

Chancellor Guy Bailey has said the university also will review its process for filing and investigating claims
of sexual harassment and discrimination. And a new faculty task force is reviewing the institution‘s
promotion and tenure process.

―I believe the chancellor has an aggressive investigation under way into this incident and what went wrong
in the process,‖ Erdman said.

―Mistakes were made, and we need to find out what happened.‖

Curator David Wasinger of St. Louis said he supported looking at the process at all four of the system
campuses — Kansas City, Columbia, Rolla and St. Louis.

Erdman said he thinks all members of the board will want a systemwide review.

Curators met Thursday in Marceline for the board‘s annual retreat. Members discussed the university‘s
growth and shortcomings, and their visions for improvements.

Curators listed 15 events that they said had a big impact on the system in the past year, including former
system President Elson Floyd‘s departure in March; the search for his replacement; and the sale of assets of
the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority.

Curators talked about creating a task force that would come up with a ―grow your own‖ leadership program
for training, mentoring and promoting administrators already employed by the system.

The program, they said, would be coupled with a national search process for filling high-level administrative

Curators will meet again today in Marceline for the board‘s regular monthly public meeting.

Curators look ahead

The University of Missouri curators turned the spotlight on themselves Thursday at their annual board

―What this is about is for us to engage in a discussion on how we feel we can improve the efficiency of the
board and better deal with the General Assembly and the citizens of the state,‖ said board Chairman Don

―At the end of the day what we are trying to do is make this board a better board.‖

Thursday‘s board retreat preceded today‘s regular monthly board meeting, which is being held in Marceline
where Walsworth lives.

Curators agreed one of the retreat‘s important themes was to develop a message that will be communicated
to the university system‘s community, including parents, students, faculty, staff, legislators and businesses,

Curators met in breakout sessions throughout the eight-hour meeting Thursday and came up with a list of
tasks they might take on during the upcoming academic year.

Among the suggested tasks were hiring a new president and introducing the new leader to the state, and
implementing a recently approved cost-savings plan that would shave millions of dollars in spending from
the operating budgets of all four campuses.

They also suggested expanding revenue sources, including research grants, and improving the board‘s
relationship with the Missouri legislature.

The Kansas City Star
Column: UMKC case is a study in power consolidation
Thursday, July 26, 2007

Academic labs are small worlds unto themselves. Most of their funding comes from grants, not from the
university on whose soil they reside. They operate independently and mostly unsupervised by the university

Within those small universes, the director is all-powerful. That‘s the person, usually a professor, who
secures most of the grants, hires the staff and calls the shots.

For serious students looking to enhance their academic credentials, a job in the right lab is a ticket to
connections in one‘s field, travel to conferences, opportunities to get one‘s name on publications and
presentations, and entry into graduate programs or research jobs.

Everything depends on the relationship with the director.

Some students are fortunate enough to work with scholars who become lifelong mentors. Most gain
valuable material for their master‘s theses or doctoral dissertations.

Megan Pinkston-Camp‘s experience was different.

In June of 2005, the graduate student walked away from two years of research in a lab connected with the
psychology department at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. (The lab has since moved to UMKC‘s
medical school.)

Pinkston-Camp claimed the lab‘s two directors subjected her to ongoing sexual conversation and
intimidation, and the university administration ignored her pleas for help.

Linda Garavalia, who is now a tenured professor at UMKC, left the lab four months before Pinkston-
Camp, citing the same reasons.

They are plaintiffs in a lawsuit that has rocked the campus. It describes a research lab in which employees
faced great pressure to accept and even engage in behavior that can politely be described as unprofessional
and brazen.

The two professors who run the lab, Keith Haddock and Walker S. Carlos Poston II, said through a lawyer
this week that they had engaged in no improper activity and that the allegations in the lawsuit were false.

The university, however, settled with Pinkston-Camp and Garavalia for $1.1 million.

At a minimum, the hefty settlement lends weight to claims that UMKC‘s administration did too little to
prevent inappropriate interactions and to provide recourse for employees once they occurred.

Like most sexual harassment controversies, the one at UMKC is more about power than sex.

Lab directors have great power over their students and employees. For a time, Haddock and Poston had the
added status of being the chairman and associate chairman, respectively, of their department.

According to the lawsuit, ―Students in the lab were told repeatedly by other faculty members that they
needed to please Drs. Haddock and Poston in order to get into graduate school in the Psychology
Department, obtain funding or other support for their research and writing projects and otherwise succeed
in the Psychology Department.‖

The two professors also are known for their ability to obtain grants.

The administration denies that profitable professors get special treatment, but plenty of faculty members
think otherwise.

The UMKC campus is a glum place right now.

The school is on a quest for students, money and prestige, and allegations of sexual harassment in a
research lab encourage none of those things.

―This is another hole we have to dig ourselves out of,‖ said Gary Ebersole, a professor of history and
religious studies who is chairman of the Faculty Senate.

Though the lawsuit was filed under Chancellor Guy Bailey‘s tenure, most of the events that it details took
place before he arrived.

The chancellor has ordered all faculty members into training on sexual harassment issues.

Amazingly, since campuses are known as bastions of political correctness, UMKC had no mandatory
training about appropriate relations with students and employees.

Bailey also has ordered an investigation that promises to be more thorough than an earlier inquiry about
interactions in the lab.

―This will be painful working through,‖ Bailey told the Faculty Senate‘s executive committee. ―After it‘s
over, and we‘ve handled it well, things will be much better.‖

One good outcome would be the recognition that on campus, as elsewhere, the potential for abuse grows in
proportion to the consolidation of power.

The Kansas City Star
Editorial: UMKC must fix administrative mess
Wednesday, July 25, 2007

The effects of long-term turmoil in the University of Missouri-Kansas City‘s administrative ranks have
become painfully apparent.

Fallout from a sexual harassment lawsuit — in which UMKC paid a $1.1 million settlement to two plaintiffs
— has revealed what appears to be a serious breach in the promotion and tenure process.

The campus tenure advisory committee had advised against granting promotion and tenure to Keith
Haddock and Walker S. Carlos Poston II because of complaints about behavior in the lab the two men

But at that time, the interim provost, who has since returned to teaching, told newly hired Chancellor Guy
Bailey the committee supported the promotions.

Soon after that, two women filed a lawsuit accusing Haddock and Poston of sexually harassing and
physically threatening women who worked in their lab. Both men have denied those allegations.

Bailey has promised that a thorough investigation of the professors‘ conduct will be made by the
university‘s affirmative action officer and reviewed by experts outside of the university — a good idea to
ensure credibility.

But the distortion of the tenure committee‘s recommendation merits a separate inquiry. A university‘s
integrity and reputation depend on promotions and tenure being handled with integrity.

The Faculty Senate‘s executive committee has created a panel to look at cases in which recommendations of
the tenure committee were overturned. UMKC officials must provide it with any information it needs.

The administrative problems revealed by the lawsuit can‘t be blamed on Bailey, who arrived in January 2006
and apparently acted on misleading information.

But the chancellor‘s success at UMKC will depend on his ability to clean up the mess.

―This is a defining moment for the institution,‖ Bailey told faculty leaders this week. ―Going forward, we‘ll
do this exactly the right way, and everybody will realize it.‖

UMKC‘s credibility hinges on that promise.

The Kansas City Star
Decision widens UMKC scandal
Wednesday, July 25, 2007

Two psychology professors at the center of a sexual harassment scandal at UMKC were promoted even
though the university‘s tenure committee advised against it in a 7-4 vote.

Documents obtained by The Kansas City Star show that in early 2006, the Campus Promotion & Tenure
Advisory Committee recommended that Keith Haddock and Walker S. Carlos Poston II not be promoted
from associate to full professors largely because of concerns about their alleged misconduct.

Nonetheless, the interim provost at the time, Bruce S. Bubacz, advised newly hired Chancellor Guy Bailey
to promote the men, telling him in a letter that he was making the recommendation ―with the support of
the Campus Promotion & Tenure Committee.‖

Bubacz this week acknowledged that he disregarded the vote of the promotion and tenure committee,
saying that if a candidate came before the committee ―with good academic credentials and some
unsubstantiated allegations, I would ask the committee to make a recommendation purely on the academic
credentials of the candidate. Because that is what the committee is supposed to do.‖

The committee reviews candidates for promotion based on teaching, research and service to the university.

Bubacz, now a professor in the philosophy department, said that he paid close attention to Poston‘s and
Haddock‘s promotion files because they ―involved some controversy.‖

―Before I made my recommendation to the chancellor, I met with the committee to discuss the
recommendation I was going to make. It wasn‘t as if I ignored their recommendation,‖ he said. ―The
members of the promotion and tenure committee had a clear idea of why I was making the
recommendation that I was making after my discussion with them.‖

In making his recommendation, Bubacz followed the advice of the university‘s then-vice provost for faculty
affairs, Jeffrey E. Thomas, who told Bubacz in a March 29, 2006, memo that the cases of Haddock and
Poston ―do not seem very difficult.‖

Noting that the misconduct allegations had been investigated by the school‘s affirmative-action officer, who
―requested a limited remedy, and closed the file,‖ Thomas said the two women who made the allegations
had filed a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

―Whether these allegations warrant some action or sanction is something that will be addressed through
these procedures, and it seems awkward to try to address them in the context of promotion,‖ Thomas
wrote. ―The external evaluations of the candidates are excellent, and the Departmental Committee, the
Chair and the Dean all recognize the merit of the candidates (sic) scholarship.‖

Thomas did not return calls this week seeking comment.

Haddock and Poston, who were transferred from the psychology department to UMKC‘s School of
Medicine only months before, were promoted to full professors in May 2006, effective Sept. 1, 2006, and
given substantial raises. They have since been placed in charge of the medical school‘s new informatics

The promotions and raises took place against the backdrop of allegations made by a professor in the
psychology department, Linda Garavalia, and a former graduate student in the department, Megan
Pinkston-Camp, that Haddock and Poston sexually harassed and physically threatened employees of the
department‘s Health Research Group laboratory.

After failing to obtain redress through the university, the two women sued UMKC in July 2006. Two weeks
ago, The Star reported that the university had agreed to settle the suit for $1.1 million. UMKC has since
reopened its internal investigation, which some psychology faculty members had deemed inadequate.

Bailey said he had directed the university‘s new affirmative-action officer, Grace Hernandez, not to limit her
investigation to the allegations against Poston and Haddock, but to ―go wherever it leads you.‖

Through an attorney, Karen Glickstein of Shughart Thomson & Kilroy, Haddock and Poston this week
denied the allegations in the lawsuit and said they had not engaged in any improper activity.

―When the university investigated the allegations made by the plaintiffs in the underlying lawsuit, a
determination was made that no hostile environment existed in the lab,‖ Glickstein said in a written
statement. ―Both professors cooperated fully in the initial investigation and both will cooperate fully in any
new investigation that the university initiates.‖

The university‘s decision to promote the men despite the questions raised by their alleged misconduct was
criticized this week by a member of the promotion and tenure committee, biology professor emeritus
Alfred Esser, who said he was ―dismayed‖ by the decision.

―It‘s too easy for top administrators to follow whatever their dean says and then say, ‗I wasn‘t made aware
of things,‘ because the buck stops with the chancellor,‖ Esser said.

Esser said he faulted Bailey more than Bubacz for the decision, because Bubacz had been on the job only a
few months when the promotion question arose.

―Many universities have provosts who run their day-to-day affairs … But when you don‘t have a person
who has been in the provost job for a long time and has just taken over at a university where there has been
enormous turmoil, I think the chancellor has to look at the critical cases,‖ he said.

Bailey on Monday said that in promoting Haddock and Poston, he relied on the recommendation of
Bubacz. He said that if he had known about the promotion and tenure committee‘s vote or the reservations
that the dean of arts and sciences, Karen Vorst, had about promoting the men because of the misconduct
allegations, he would have asked more questions before signing off on the promotions.

He defended Bubacz, however, saying that ―he may have been thinking that if an investigation had not
sustained charges against someone, you would not hold that investigation against them in the promotion

Bailey said that he considered placing Haddock and Poston on administrative leave with pay, but was
advised by the university‘s general counsel that it was against policy to do so.

Haddock and Poston specialize in tobacco cessation and obesity research projects. Even before they were
moved from the psychology department, Bailey said, the medical school had expressed an interest in having
the men work there.

Combined, the two men generated more than $4.5 million in research dollars for the university over the last
seven years, according to UMKC‘s vice provost for research, John R. Baumann.

―These totals do not put either Doctors Haddock or Poston among the top across the campus,‖ he said.

The totals nevertheless loom fairly large at a university whose research spending totaled less than $31
million in fiscal 2005 — putting UMKC in the bottom tier of the nation‘s top 200 research universities.

UMKC has been under pressure by community leaders to boost its research activity. A recent report on
how the area‘s universities were positioned to conduct life sciences research concluded that UMKC ―has
largely missed out on the massive NIH (National Institutes of Health) funding that underwrites this
centrally important area of graduate teaching and research at virtually all high-quality research universities
with medical schools.‖

Bailey insisted the money generated by Haddock and Poston would have had no impact on the university‘s
investigation of them.

―The university has a total budget of $300 million plus,‖ he said. ―The money they generate is such a small
fraction of the university budget. It is not worth compromising the integrity of the university for it.‖

The Rolla Daily News
Board of Curators to approve tech park plans Friday
Thursday, July 26, 2007

The University of Missouri Board of Curators is expected to approve the master plan for UMR‘s
LINK Innovation Park on Friday.

The Board is convening today at the home of Chairman Don Walsworth in Marceline for its annual
retreat. Tomorrow, its regular business meeting will start at 8:30 a.m., with master plans for the
Innovation Park listed as an action item on the agenda.

Keith Strassner, director of UMR‘s Office of Technology, Commercialization and Economic Research,
said the University of Missouri-Rolla modeled its master plan after the technology parks at the
University of Missouri-St. Louis and University of Missouri-Columbia, and it is expected the Board of
Curators will approve the plans with little objection.

―Once those plans are approved, we‘ll be in a position to begin leasing property to developers,‖
Strassner said. ―I think, realistically, sometime within the next year we‘ll see buildings begin to go up.‖

Construction of the technology park originally was approved by the Board during its April 6 meeting
on the UMR campus. The facility will be located on the approximately 50-acre site south of 10th Street
and west of the athletic fields where the UMR golf course now sits.

Strassner said a priority in developing plans for the LINK Innovation Park was ensuring the
preservation of green space.

To that end, the covenant agreement includes restrictions on lot sizes and parking lots, and guidelines
for landscaping and architecture.

―The idea is to create a campus-like atmosphere, not an industrial park,‖ Strassner said, adding that
part of the covenant agreement outlaws manufacturing facilities from the park.

―The chancellor has made it very clear he doesn‘t want to create an asphalt jungle,‖ Strassner said.

Chancellor John F. Carney III also has made it clear he sees the Innovation Park as a crucial part of
reaching UMR‘s mission to become one of the top five technological research institutions by 2010.

―One of our key elements of advancing this institution to become a top technological research
university is to actively move our research out of the lab into the marketplace,‖ Carney said. ―For
students and faculty, the research park will provide us with a location and facilities to accomplish this.‖
―It allows the students and faculty to build technology-based businesses around their research and
create jobs and opportunities based on university technology,‖ he said.

UMR believes the technology park will benefit not only the university, but the City of Rolla and Phelps
County, as well.

―The benefits to the community are wide-ranging,‖ Carney said. ―The research park will certainly
expand the employment and tax bases for the community as we incubate new businesses to move their
operations, facilities and people to Rolla.‖

―Over the long run, it will really strengthen Rolla‘s position as the technological community in Central
Missouri, with a strong university, a vibrant community of business and a great lifestyle,‖ Carney said.

The city and county have been strong partners in the development of the LINK Innovation Park, and
the Rolla Regional Economic Commission (RREC) has been active in helping to recruit companies for
the facility.

In fact, RREC Executive Director Elizabeth Bax‘s office is located in the University Center-East, just
doors away from Strassner.

Bax believes the park has the potential to positively alter Rolla‘s economic landscape.

―This is the beginning of really building a whole new private-sector economic structure for Rolla,‖ Bax
said. ―If this technology park goes as others have gone, it will transform our economy into one that
offers much more opportunity to everyone in the community. There are actually clients lined up that
are interested in being in the park, now.‖

Bax points out that in addition to research jobs, the Innovation Park will provide jobs for maintenance
workers, clerical staff and local contractors involved in the facility‘s construction.

―It‘s a ripple effect,‖ she said. ―This is just a phenomenal development for Rolla.‖

Strassner said the LINK Innovation Park will contain about 12 sites that can be developed, many of
which will be multi-use, meaning they could house about 15-20 companies of varying sizes.

Being located in the Innovation Park will give companies access to university labs and facilities, and
provides opportunities for joint research.

―UMR conducts more industry-sponsored research than the other campuses of the UM system
combined,‖ Carney said. ―This clearly demonstrates that our faculty and students love to solve real-
world problems. The tech park will enable us to take that collaboration to a new level.‖

Carney said the park will help UMR attract more research dollars to the campus, and also will help
recruit more engineers and scientists to work alongside students and faculty.

―This will tremendously enhance the research we do here,‖ Carney said. ―It will also provide our
students with an additional opportunity for the hands-on education that sets us and our students apart
from other technological research institutions.‖
Another feature of the LINK Innovation Park will be a business incubator UMR hopes to construct in
the future if funding can be secured.

―It is our belief that by establishing an incubator, we will provide a venue for students and faculty to
grow their business here in Rolla,‖ Carney said. ―We already know that a large number of students
come here with a business currently operating.‖

For example, Carney cited Ben Roodman, a student who graduated in May. While at UMR, Roodman
started a thriving business,, and after graduating, moved the company to California.

―An incubator will not only provide a location to operate a business, but, more importantly, it will
attract capital and expertise to allow these startups to thrive and grow,‖ Carney said.

Hulshof says he’s moved past rejection from university post
Thursday, July 26, 2007

WASHINGTON (Map, News) - Missouri Rep. Kenny Hulshof said Wednesday he has moved past
the rejection of his bid to become president of the University of Missouri system and doesn't expect it
to affect his quest for another term in Congress.

But he declined to speculate on the sudden turn of events last month, when the six-term Republican
went from being one of three finalists for the job to being eliminated as a candidate once the university
decided to reopen its search process.

"I made the best case that I could make, being from Missouri, not viewing the presidency as a stepping
stone to any other job or any other university position," Hulshof said in an interview.

Among his strongest assets, Hulshof said, are his strong roots in Missouri, his understanding of the
mission of a land grant university, and his credibility out of the state.

"Whoever the curators select as president will learn those things, but I already know those things, so
the learning curve would be easy for me," Hulshof said.

"But I also understand where my resume may have been deficient in the view of some regarding
administration experience, for instance," he said.

Hulshof, who was easily re-elected in November, has been reluctant to publicly discuss his candidacy
for the post. When media reports in May began fueling speculation that he was seeking the office,
Hulshof declining to respond to questions from reporters for nearly two weeks.

"The speculation became such that it became a little disruptive to the normal flow of business," he
said. "It was atypical for us to stiff-arm the press and try to not be forthcoming."

He finally released a statement on May 23, acknowledging "a poorly guarded secret" that he was indeed
being considered for the job.

Hulshof was one of three finalists being considered to succeed former President Elson Floyd, who left
to become president at Washington State University. He was also the only one to publicly disclose his
candidacy during the highly secretive process.

Missouri curators initially offered the post to a New Jersey business executive who declined to accept
it. Board of Curators Chairman Don Walsworth then announced on June 1 that curators would start
the search over and said - without explanation - that Hulshof was no longer in the running
Asked to comment on the process, Hulshof said: "I'm not the one to ask."

"I have quite a bit of personal information about what happened and have opinions and they shall
remain private," Hulshof said. "Why don't we move ahead?"

Curators have said they are not putting a time limit on the search and will continue to look in the
business, political and academic arenas to compile a new list of candidates.

Long considered a rising star in the GOP, Hulshof had said the opportunity to head the university was
one of the few jobs for which he would consider leaving Congress. He also cited "family

considerations" in seeking a post that would mean no more weekly commutes to Washington and
more time with his wife and two daughters, ages 4 and 7, in Columbia.

Hulshof said Wednesday that his constituents should not question his commitment to being in

"The pressure is there and it's part of this job," he said. "But I'm running for re-election."

Hulshof said he briefly suspended fundraising during the time he was being considered for the
university presidency because he felt it was not appropriate given the uncertainty. He is now actively
raising money for re-election in 2008 and focusing full time on legislative issues such as revisions to the
farm bill, which the full House is expected to consider this week.

"As we gear up for the next election in 2008, I'm not sure that anything related to this MU position is
going to affect that," he said. "Maybe an opponent will try to raise the issue. But I think people will see
the level of commitment that I've always had getting ready for another election."

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Editorial: University exodus
Should we worry?
Thursday, July 26, 2007

Doomsayers say recent departures of several high-level University of Missouri system and Columbia
campus officials indicate serious trouble at the university and for the Columbia community.
They should relax.

In a matter of a few months these announcements have included John Gardner, former UM vice
president for research and development, Jim Coleman, MU vice chancellor for research, and now
Steve Lehmkuhle, head of UM academic affairs.

These are all good men who have done valuable service for the university, but each is leaving to
advance his personal career, not because they see the University of Missouri headed for the toilet.

Gardner was hired away by former UM President Elson Floyd, who is moving to become president of
Washington State University, a good move for both men and not proof of anything regarding UM.

Coleman and Lehmkuhle also are leaving for superior career opportunities, not to escape Columbia
and Missouri.

The openings they leave behind will attract excellent replacement candidates. Hiring top-level officers
will be easier, particularly at the system level, when a new president is in place. From what I hear - psst,
psst - the renewed presidential search is producing even better candidates than the first round, and a
new person might be announced soon.

When that happens, a rush of optimism is likely to suffuse the organization, encouraging good people
to come on board. Certainly the kind of new president the curators should choose is the sort who can
create that sort of atmosphere. What more fundamental qualification is there?

So, our community attitude should be one of optimism as well. When new leadership is nigh, it only
makes sense for constituents to expect the best. I do.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Lehmkuhle departure is latest at MU
Minnesota offer was serendipitous, he says.
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Steve Lehmkuhle, who has spent a decade at the helm of the University of Missouri‘s Academic Affairs
unit, will be the first chancellor of the University of Minnesota-Rochester.

Lehmkuhle is the fourth top university official to jump ship for a different school. He said his decision
is not tied to the other departures, which include former UM system President Elson Floyd.

"The reason it happened now is just serendipitous," Lehmkuhle said. "Finding jobs is just being at the
right place at the right time, and this just happened."

Lehmkuhle leaves the UM system, with about 64,000 students, for a campus of 400 students that is
expecting major growth.

In December, the Rochester school was promoted from being a branch institution to a full-fledged
fifth campus of the University of Minnesota system. Lehmkuhle starts as chancellor on Sept 7.

Being the leader at a fledgling campus was an attractive opportunity, Lehmkuhle said.

"How many times do you have an opportunity to start up a new university?" he said.

The school expects to double or triple its enrollment in the next five to six years. At first, the university
will be housed in a renovated shopping mall. But school leaders are looking for a site on which to build
a new campus. The new university will focus on health care, technology and biotechnology. It hopes to
benefit from being two blocks from the Mayo Institute and in the same town as a major IBM facility
and a cancer research institute.

"Its strongest asset is all its potential partners," Lehmkuhle said.

Robert Jones, University of Minnesota senior vice president for system academic administration, said
school officials believe Lehmkuhle is the perfect leader for the nascent university.

"When you look at his wealth of experience, his background and the vision that we‘ve created for the
University of Minnesota-Rochester, it was very clear that from our perspective he‘s an ideal candidate,"
Jones said.

Lehmkuhle, a native of Dayton, Ohio, has worked within the University of Missouri system since
1985, first as a professor at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. In 2005, Lehmkuhle filled in as
interim chancellor at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. That temporary job was a turning point.

"That experience just recharged my batteries," he said. "Since then, I‘ve been looking for a leadership
role at a campus level."

Floyd and interim UM system President Gordon Lamb were aware he was looking for a new job,
Lehmkuhle said. Both mentored and advised him as he looked at different positions.

"Steve has been a superb leader in academic affairs, advancing the mission at the heart of the
academy," Lamb said in a news release. "While we will miss Steve, we wish him well in his new
position and thank him for his excellent service to the University of Missouri."

Lehmkuhle said it will be hard to leave his "network" of individuals here that make his job fun and

"It‘s an asset that I have here that I will not have at the University of Minnesota-Rochester," he said.
"And that‘s something that I will have to build."

The University of Missouri paid Lehmkuhle $191,000, according to the state‘s 2005-2006 official
manual. He will make $255,000 at his new job.

Steve Graham, UM associate vice president for academic affairs, will fill in as interim when Lehmkuhle
leaves. In addition to Floyd‘s and Lehmkuhle‘s departures, John Gardner, UM‘s former vice president
for research and economic development has left for another job, and Jim Coleman, the University of
Missouri-Columbia‘s vice chancellor for research, has also announced he is leaving.
UM is also searching for a replacement for retiring UM General Counsel Bunky Wright.

UM spokesman Scott Charton said the situation is not hurting the university.

"We are deep with really able people and leadership," he said. "We don‘t see that happening."

The Kansas City Star
MU loses official to new university
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Steve Lehmkuhle, a top administrator at the University of Missouri, is leaving the state to be the first
chancellor of the new University of Minnesota-Rochester.

Lehmkuhle, Missouri‘s senior vice president for academic affairs, was selected for the Minnesota
position from among three finalists. His selection was announced Monday.

In 2005, Lehmkuhle served as interim chancellor of the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

Steve Graham, who has served as the University of Missouri‘s associate vice president for academic
affairs, has been appointed Lehmkuhle‘s interim successor, said University of Missouri interim
president Gordon Lamb.

Lehmkuhle is to officially become chancellor of the urban Minnesota campus on Sept. 7 after the
Board of Regents there approves the hire.

―While we will miss Steve, we wish him well in his new position and thank him for his excellent service
to the University of Missouri,‖ Lamb said in a statement.

Lehmkuhle, 56, has been at the University of Missouri for 22 years.

―It is important to explore new opportunities and take on new challenges, and certainly being the first
chancellor of a new campus is a special opportunity,‖ Lehmkuhle said Monday.

The new Rochester campus brings the number of campuses in the University of Minnesota system to

Lehmkuhle praised the University of Missouri leadership and said it was a privilege to work with
students, faculty and administrative staff. He said ―many good things have been accomplished‖ at the
university in the last decade, including record enrollments and research funding, and improved
graduation rates.

Graham, 54, has more than two decades of experience in higher education as a professor and an

The Columbia Daily Tribune
UM’s Lehmkuhle hired as University of Minnesota-Rochester chancellor
By The Tribune’s Staff
Monday, July 23, 2007

Stephen Lehmkuhle, senior vice president for academic affairs at the University of Missouri, has been
named the first chancellor of the University of Minnesota-Rochester.

University of Minnesota President Robert Bruininks, who made the announcement today in a news
release, said the appointment is subject to approval by the Minnesota university‘s board of regents on
Sept. 7.

―As the university grows its Rochester campus, this first chancellor will play a critical role in realizing
the vision that so many have for this campus,‖ Bruininks said. ―Dr. Lehmkuhle‘s candidacy for this
position received strong support across both the university and Rochester communities. His
demonstrated leadership ability, strong administrative and academic credentials, commitment to
collaboration and his understanding and experience working within a large, multi-campus system made
him the top candidate for this position.‖

At the University of Missouri, Lehmkuhle served as vice president for academic affairs from 1998 until
he was promoted to his current position in 2004. In 2005, he also served for eight months as the
interim chancellor at the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

Lehmkuhle earned a doctorate in experimental psychology at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tenn.

―The university and the community have come up with a solid vision for what they want the
University of Minnesota, Rochester to become in coming years,‖ Lehmkuhle said in the news release.

―This is an outstanding opportunity and an exciting time to be at UMR. I‘m excited about this
challenge and look forward to becoming part of the community.‖

Lehmkuhle will be responsible for the academic, executive and administrative leadership of the
campus. He will also be responsible for representing the Rochester campus within the University of
Minnesota system and within the community, the state, region, legislature and public and private

Lehmkuhle is the latest top administrator to leave the University of Missouri. Last month, MU vice
chancellor for research Jim Coleman said he will take a position in mid-September as vice provost for
research at Rice University in Houston.

Earlier this year UM system President Elson Floyd was named president of Washington State
University in Pullman, Wash. And John Gardner, UM vice president for research and economic
development, also took a job with Washington State.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Washington State taps Truman administrator
Friday, July 20, 2007

Former University of Missouri system President Elson Floyd has hired another Missouri higher
education official to his leadership team at Washington State University.

John Fraire, an enrollment administrator at Truman State University will be vice president for
enrollment management. He plans to leave the Kirksville university at the end of August.

Floyd left Missouri in April to take the top job at Washington State.

Fraire isn‘t the first to leave Missouri and join Floyd in Washington. John Gardner, former UM vice
president for research and economic development, also took a job under Floyd at Washington State.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
ABC Labs searches for new investor
Celerity Partners’ stake in company up for sale.
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Shareholders of homegrown Analytical Bio-Chemistry Laboratories heard more upbeat financial news
during the company‘s annual shareholders meeting Friday at the Reynolds Alumni Center on the
campus of the University of Missouri-Columbia.

Shareholders also got a reminder from 64-year-old CEO Byron Hill that the pharmaceutical research
lab must find an investor this year to purchase more than 40 percent of the company.

In 2006, ABC Labs earned $2.7 million on sales of $24.4 million, and shareholder equity - the
difference between assets and liabilities - increased 43 percent to $8.1 million. The company earned $2
million on sales of $20.6 million in 2005.

The latest financial results continue a recent turnaround for the company, which reported 2004
earnings of $978,000 on the heels of losses of $3.6 million and $1.8 million in 2003 and 2002

Last year, the company scored $1.5 million in property tax breaks from Boone County and signed a
lease with MU as the first tenant at Discovery Ridge Research Park. A $15 million, 90,000-square-foot
facility, expected to be completed early next year, is under construction at the site.

ABC Labs has 278 employees, an increase of 55 from a year ago, and an annual payroll of $13 million.
Last year the company served more than 200 clients, including 11 of the top 25 international
pharmaceutical companies.

"As we look to the future, we see both promise and challenge," Hill said in a news release.

Hill, who hired on with ABC Labs in June 2003, said future earnings growth might not be as great
because the company has avoided paying income taxes during the last three years as a result of past
operating losses. Those loss deductions are likely to be used up this year, he said.

As part of last week‘s shareholder meeting, the board of directors approved a motion to hire
Philadelphia-based Fairmount Partners to find ways to cash out Celerity Partners, a venture capital
firm based in California that has a 43 percent ownership stake in the company. Terms of the Celerity
investment included a required share buyback at fair market value after five years.

"It‘s a classic exit strategy by a private equity firm," Hill said yesterday. "To raise new funds, they need
to show great performance, and we are their great performance. It‘s a normal course of business for

Celerity co-founder Steve Adamson could not be reached for comment.

Financial options for buying out Celerity include selling shares to another private equity firm, taking
the company public or finding a buyer for the company, Hill said. ABC Labs co-founder Charles
Gehrke said this morning he isn‘t concerned about finding financing to buy out Celerity.

"It‘s just something that we‘ve got to face this year," he said. "I‘m sure that we‘ll be able to do that."

Hill declined to comment on the value of Celerity‘s ownership stake in ABC Labs but said the price
would be based on recent appraisals and stock transactions.

"The board has a fiduciary responsibility to maximize values to get the best price for the shareholders,
but we also want to follow in the footsteps of our founders and provide good, stable employment
opportunities for existing and future employees here in Columbia," he said.

ABC Labs was founded in 1968 by Gehrke, a former biochemistry professor at MU who recently
turned 90, and two of his graduate students. The company expanded from a lab testing agricultural
chemicals into a research facility for the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Protests helped kill disease lab
Opposition cited in decision to dump MU.
Friday, July 20, 2007

A vocal group of protesters - many of whom are neighbors in a small Columbia subdivision -
apparently helped dissuade the federal government from building a huge disease lab here.

Columbia learned last week that the Department of Homeland Security was no longer considering the
University of Missouri-Columbia‘s bid to bring the National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility to town.
The government whittled the 17 contenders around the country down to five finalists in Georgia,
Kansas, Mississippi, North Carolina and Texas.

In the weeks and months before that announcement, people living off New Haven Road in southeast
Columbia had protested the university‘s decision to offer 100 acres near their homes for the lab.

Some were angered that the research facility, designed to study some of the world‘s most dangerous
and exotic diseases, was being proposed in such close vicinity to their houses.

The neighbors and others organized meetings and picketed the site, drawing media attention.
Apparently, homeland security officials also took notice. "They did note that there seemed to be a
rising concern among the population here," said George Stewart, professor and chairman of the MU
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology.

Stewart had a half-hour debriefing with homeland security officials yesterday about why the Columbia
site wasn‘t picked as a finalist. While the review was largely flattering for MU, the public outcry was
one concern for the government decision-makers.

The federal reviewers would not compare their impressions of Missouri to those of other states,
Stewart said. However, one difference that could have affected the level of opposition was MU‘s
decision to publicly announce its intention to bring the lab to New Haven Road more than a year ago.
That gave neighbors in the area a chance to build opposition and get organized. In contrast, Stewart
said, two of the five finalists for the lab still have not publicly announced where they plan to put the

"If we had not released our site and the community had not known where we had proposed this
facility to be, there probably would have been far less concern," Stewart said. "But that wouldn‘t have
been the right thing to do."

Judy Schermer, who helped organize against the disease lab, said the experience was a lesson in
democracy. "A lot of times, people think, ‗Why should I get involved because one person isn‘t going to
make any difference,‘ " she said. "This proves that it really does make a difference."

In addition to their concerns over the public opposition, federal officials were also disappointed in
Missouri‘s relatively small proposed subsidy - $3.3 million in cash plus about $8 million in "tax
increment financing" - for the $450 million lab. They were also concerned that the state‘s scientific and
technical workforce was too spread out between Columbia, St. Louis and Kansas City.

But overall, the department seemed impressed with MU and Columbia. The area scored very well in
every criteria the department used to rank sites. They rated the area‘s research quality as "excellent"

and said the workforce quality and availability, land acquisitions and construction operations, and
community acceptance were all "very good."

The reviewers were particularly impressed with the level of collaboration between the university‘s
veterinary and medical schools.

"Based on the reviews that we got, just all around the board, we did a pretty outstanding job of making
the most of the assets and tools available to us at that time," said Jim Coleman, MU vice chancellor for

Jefferson City News Tribune
Faculty union against cutbacks meant to raise pay
The Associated Press
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

COLUMBIA, Mo. (AP) - A faculty and staff union at the University of Missouri has come out against a plan to
fund pay increases through cutbacks.

The university's plan would free up about $7 million to increase professors' salaries to make the school
more competitive compared to other universities.

The university has not finalized how it will get the money, but has mentioned several ideas, including
adopting a faculty hiring freeze on 30 to 35 positions, combining administrative functions or
consolidating services.

Robert Smale, an assistant professor of history, said professors need a pay increase, but the university's
plan could end up ―cannibalizing‖ the school.

―They have correctly diagnosed the problem, but they are incapable of coming up with a viable
solution,‖ said Smale of the university's National Education Association branch.

Smale and other campus NEA members are particularly critical of a possible hiring freeze.

They say it would likely increase class size and burden professors with more work - hurting the quality
of instruction.

―The hiring freeze, I don't think, is the way to go,‖ said Michael Ugarte, a Spanish professor at

Vice Provost Brian Foster, who helped formulate the pay increase plan, said university leaders are
looking for ways to minimize extra work. For example, the university might opt to have small classes
taught less often. Another idea is to combine classes if two departments happen to be teaching similar

Smale said the plan has upset many people who work at the university, but most won't speak out for
the fear of ―drastic fiscal retaliation.‖

The union is about two years old and has 18 members, Smale said. Statewide the Missouri National
Education Association touts 33,000 members.

Smale and others said the school should work at increasing state funding through the General

Foster said he doesn't disagree that the school should get more money from the legislature.

―But the fact is the level of state funding has just not been enough to keep us competitive,‖ Foster
said. ―That, together with the tuition cap, has left us with little choice but to find some other ways to
make ourselves competitive.‖

Columbia Missourian
MU’s budget plan draws faculty criticism
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

COLUMBIA— When MU Chancellor Brady Deaton announced July 9 that the university‘s new
financial plan, Compete Missouri, would require an administrative ―hold‖ on new teaching hires, he
said the support of faculty would be important to the plan‘s chances for success.

―It will involve a great deal of discussion,‖ Deaton said. ―It‘s not a top-down planning process.‖

But a new campus organization looking to unionize faculty and staff at MU says that the plan was
initiated with little or no faculty input.

The organization, the Missouri National Education Association, says the details of Compete Missouri
were decided upon well before faculty were asked to contribute their ideas about how to cut costs to
fund salary increases.

―I think that this bad plan — and imposition by the Board of Curators — has illustrated the faculty‘s
lack of power and lack of voice,‖ said MNEA member Robert Smale, a professor of history. ―There is
no real independent body representing faculty.‖

The impetus for Compete Missouri was a motion passed by the University of Missouri System Board
of Curators in April to reduce the general operating budgets of UM‘s four campuses by 1 percent.
MU‘s share of the cuts under the 1 percent plan would be about $4.2 million for fiscal 2009, which
begins next July.

In the wake of the curators‘ action, Deaton and MU Provost Brian Foster created three committees to
figure out how and where to make the cuts. On April 30, MU professor of rural sociology Rex
Campbell, who chaired one of the committees, sent out an e-mail to all faculty members asking for
cost-cutting ideas.

Among its many criticisms of the process, the MNEA says that faculty were given less than two weeks
to respond to Campbell‘s request. Indeed, among the responses Campbell received, which were
obtained by the Missourian under the state‘s open records law, were several comments about the lack
of detailed financial information needed to guide faculty input.

One response stated that, ―In the absence of data about the budget, the costs of instruction, faculty
load, credit-hour generation, etc., etc., one could easily dismiss your request for budget trimming
suggestions as a charade designed to make faculty believe they have some input into MU‘s always
secretive budget process.‖

Campbell said no budget data were included along with his committee‘s requests because ―we didn‘t
have it at that time.‖

Campbell‘s e-mail prompted the MNEA, which has 18 members among MU faculty and staff, to draft
an open letter opposing the plan to university administrators. The letter accused curators of not
fighting hard enough to secure state funding and questioned the logic of funding salary increases
through budget cutting.

Compete Missouri aims to secure $7 million by next July to make faculty salaries competitive with
MU‘s institutional peers. About $4 million is expected to come from salaries currently allotted to

unfilled faculty positions. Another $2 million is projected to come from the reorganization and
consolidation of academic programs and centers. New revenue sources, such as new distance-learning
courses and expanded summer school, would account for $1 million, according to the plan.

MNEA member Michael Ugarte, a Spanish professor, said many faculty were surprised and angered by
the portion of the plan that requires all open faculty positions be reviewed at the ―Provost/Chancellor
level‖ before being filled. He said this will force MU to hire more lower-paid, nontenure-track
instructors, which he thinks will lower the quality of education.

―What the hiring freeze is going to do,‖ Ugarte said, ―is place a greater load on service departments,
those that teach a lot of students — like English and math.‖

Campbell agreed that, under Compete Missouri, more adjunct and nonranked faculty instructors would
likely be hired. But, he said, they are ―absolutely not of a lower quality.‖

Other MNEA members are concerned about the proposed consolidation and closing of some campus
centers, libraries and non-essential departments. Phebe Lauffer, an administrative associate in the
theater department, said that part of the plan could amount to ―pitting departments against one
another for allocation of dollars and for survival.‖

Lauffer, who has worked at the university since 1978, said that MU has considered consolidation in the
past but that the efforts have failed because the decision on what to cut is left to department chairs.

―Quite frankly, generally chairs don‘t have the finance or business experience to charge them with this
important function,‖ Lauffer said. ―It‘s not a good business policy.‖

Campbell doesn‘t agree that consolidation would ―turn departments against each other. I don‘t know
where that‘s coming from,‖ he said.

Campbell continued: ―You can‘t support everything. Someone must decide on certain high-quality
programs to give more resources to. We‘ll be continuously evaluating programs to see which should be
trimmed, which will be enhanced. That‘s just good management. The provost‘s office should be doing
that anyway.‖

However, Smale said that too much consolidation could ultimately make MU less attractive to
potential new hires, and perhaps drive away the qualified teachers that are employed here.

―What if we are sacrificing libraries?‖ Smale said. ―What if there‘s no staff support? What if there are
overcrowded classrooms?

―Professors look for more than just salary. If you have a nice salary, but everything else is falling apart
around you because the university is being cannibalized, then you will still lose people.‖

Columbia Missourian
Letter: Professor surely wasn’t serious…or was he?
By BILLIE M. CUNNINGHAM, Ph.D., Nontenure-track faculty member, MU
Friday, July 27, 2007

I just finished reading the article ―MU‘s budget plan draws faculty criticism‖ in the July 24th Columbia
Missourian, and I think there may have been an error in the article. According to the article, Michael
Ugarte (who turns out to be a tenured full professor of Spanish), in commenting on MU‘s budget plan,
said that he thinks that hiring more lower-paid, nontenure-track instructors will lower the quality of

education at MU. The implication of this statement is that tenured and tenure-track faculty deliver a
higher quality of education than do nontenure-track faculty.

Surely his statement was misinterpreted. As a full professor and a researcher, he knows the fallacy of
making unsubstantiated broad assertions such as the one attributed to him in the article. In providing
his own students with a high-quality education, he certainly teaches them to think critically and
explains to them that thinking critically requires them to support assertions with evidence and
reasoning. He certainly also teaches them that evidence many times results from research, which
requires a level of objectiveness on the part of the researcher that allows him or her to parse out the
truth. Most likely, as a high-quality educator, he also teaches his students by example.

Surely his statement was misinterpreted. Evidence shows that the lower-paid, nontenure-track faculty
contribute in many ways to the quality of education at MU, and surely he looked at that evidence.

Many nontenure-track faculty have terminal degrees like his. Many of them conduct and publish
research like he does. Typically, most nontenure-track faculty teach more classes per semester than
their tenure-track or tenured faculty counterparts (and research indicates that they receive student
evaluations that are equal to, or higher than, those of tenured or tenure-track faculty). Many
nontenure-track faculty teach multiple times more students than typical tenured or tenure-track faculty,
and so their quality teaching touches more students. I‘m sure that, after reviewing this evidence,
Professor Ugarte would not have made the comment to which the Missourian article referred.

Surely his statement was misinterpreted.

Columbia Missourian
MU budget plan could draw faculty to join MNEA
Monday, July 23, 2007

COLUMBIA — For members of the Missouri National Education Association, MU‘s new financial
plan, Compete Missouri, could turn out to be one of the organization‘s primary recruiting tools.

―At this point, the university is actually helping us because they don‘t give faculty and staff realistic
opportunities to provide input,‖ MNEA organizing director Steve McLuckie said. ―They are making
decisions from a top-down, command style.‖

The MNEA is a branch of the nation‘s largest professional employee organization, the National
Education Association.

The MNEA is hosting a four-day seminar in Columbia this week to help local members build stronger
support for collective bargaining, a method of labor negotiation in which representatives for
employees and employers come together to draft agreements about working conditions, wages and
other employment issues.

―Collective bargaining means that the experts in education — the faculty, the staff, the people who
work with students every day — can get to the table and talk about what the priorities in education
should be,‖ McLuckie said.

Paul K. Rainsberger, director of labor education at MU, has done extensive research and writing about
collective bargaining in the United States. He said workers look to collective bargaining as a way to
gain a voice in determining terms and conditions of employment.

―Whether any group of workers has the interest, power or will to engage in collective bargaining is a
question that will change as the law changes,‖ he said.

The Missouri Constitution grants employees the right to collective bargaining, but it wasn‘t until May
29 that the Missouri Supreme Court definitively extended collective bargaining rights to law
enforcement officers, public school teachers and university employees.

The right to collective bargaining requires that a majority of employees in a workplace elect or decide
who will be the exclusive representative of their rights. Currently, with only 18 members at MU, the
MNEA is a long way from gaining the support it needs to negotiate with administrators on behalf of
faculty and staff.

―The court ruling fundamentally changes our opportunities on campus and statewide,‖ McLuckie said.
―It changes everything because now we have the legal right, if we get enough people, to come to the
table and begin to bargain.‖

The Columbia Daily Tribune
MU group decries pay hike from cuts
Sunday, July 22, 2007

Members of a fledgling faculty and staff union at the University of Missouri-Columbia have come out
against a plan to fund pay increases through cutbacks.

Earlier this month, MU officials announced a plan to free up about $7 million to bump professors‘
salaries. Comparisons show faculty pay is no longer competitive. The university has not finalized how
it will get the money, but it has several ideas, including adopting a faculty hiring freeze on 30 to 35
positions, combining administrative functions and consolidating services.

Robert Smale, an MU assistant professor of history, agrees professors need a pay increase. But he said
the university‘s plan would end up "cannibalizing" the school.

"They have correctly diagnosed the problem, but they are incapable of coming up with a viable
solution," said Smale, who is the organizing committee chairman for the National Education
Association branch at MU.

Smale and other campus NEA members are particularly critical of a possible hiring freeze. They say it
would likely ratchet up class size and burden professors with more work - hurting the quality of

"The hiring freeze, I don‘t think, is the way to go," said Michael Ugarte, a Spanish professor at MU.

Phebe Lauffer, an administrative associate at the university, had a similar concern. "We‘re burdened
with picking up slack from people who leave and they don‘t replace," she said.

Lauffer and Ugarte also are members of the campus NEA.

Vice Provost Brian Foster, who helped formulate the pay increase plan, said university leaders are
looking for ways to minimize extra work. For example, the university might opt to have small classes
taught less often. Another idea is to combine classes if two departments happen to be teaching similar

"There will probably be some of that in the mix," Foster said of larger class sizes. "But if a class
increases from 20 to 23, is that going to affect the quality of instruction or the faculty workload in any
significant way? My guess is no."

Smale said the plan had upset many people who work at the university. However, he said most won‘t
speak up for fear of "drastic fiscal retaliation."

"There are many professors, there are many staff on this campus that are afraid that if they speak up
against this plan that is immediately going to put their program under the gun sights of the
administration," Smale said.

The MU union is about two years old and has 18 members, Smale said. Statewide the Missouri
National Education Association touts 33,000 members.

Smale and others said rather than make cuts, the school should work at increasing state funding
through the General Assembly.

"What we need to do as an institution of higher learning is, first of all, try to elect people who are
going to be more favorable to the university," said Ugarte. "But also to have a better relationship with
the legislature."

Ugarte said it would benefit MU if the administration would get more faculty involved in lobbying

Foster stressed that the process of making cutbacks to balance the budget is something the university
goes through each year. This time, the university is simply looking for extra money to shift toward
faculty salaries.

He said he didn‘t disagree with the position that the school should get more money from the

"But the fact is the level of state funding has just not been enough to keep us competitive," Foster
said. "That, together with the tuition cap, has left us with little choice but to find some other ways to
make ourselves competitive."

Columbia Missourian
MU’s new dean of vet college wants to boost school’s ranking
Monday, July 23, 2007

COLUMBIA — The new dean of the MU College of Veterinary Medicine wants to see the school
become one of the top ranked in the country.

Neil Olson, 56, an associate dean for research and graduate studies at the College of Veterinary
Medicine at North Carolina State University, will start his new job at MU on Sept. 1.

His acceptance of MU‘s offer was announced Monday morning by Provost Brian Foster.

―There are a number of areas of strengths (in the school) that with the proper level of synergy could
elevate the college towards going forward,‖ Olson said. ―I want to tap into existing strengths in the
school and expand on them. We need to become more entrepreneurial, more self-dependent and
increase resources.‖

Olson, who holds a bachelor‘s degree in veterinary science and a doctorate of veterinary medicine
from the University of Minnesota, replaces interim dean Cecil Moore.

―Dr. Olson has an excellent background to step into the dean position,‖ Moore said. ―The previous
two deans were formerly department chairs who then became dean. I think it‘s important that we
stepped outside the university and found someone with new ideas and a fresh perspective.‖

A search committee, chaired by Michael O‘Brien, dean of the College of Arts and Science, and John
Dodam, associate dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine, nominated Olson for the position.

Olson earned a doctorate in physiology from Michigan State University. He has been a faculty member
of North Carolina State University since 1982.

―We thought his credentials were fantastic,‖ O‘Brien said. ―He is a real educator and has a large-picture
perspective. We found the perfect team player in Dr. Olson.‖

Olson‘s research has focused on cardiopulmonary health and disease.

Olson said he is excited to come to MU and is counting down the days until his arrival in mid-August.

―I just want to get (to MU) and start engaging with students, faculty and staff,‖ he said. ―I am at the
stage in my career where I have a lot of energy, and I plan on hitting the ground running.‖

Olson said he plans to schedule visits with veterinarians throughout the state. He also said he wants to
work with the chancellor and provost to learn more about Missouri‘s political process to garner more
financial support for the College of Veterinary Medicine.

However, his main focus is on the students.

―I truly believe that students come first,‖ Olson said. ―They are the future of the profession. I believe
they are the seed that we need to be concerned with and value.‖

A biosafety level 3 lab is being built at the College of Veterinary Medicine to study pathogens such as
the West Nile virus and anthrax. Olson said the lab will be a valuable resource for the school.

―I had interest in trying to develop one at N.C. State, so I was pleased to learn it was able to be built at
MU,‖ he said. ―There are just some diseases you can‘t monitor on a computer.‖

The loyalty of the students, faculty and staff to MU and the city of Columbia is what Olson said
attracted him to the position.

―I thoroughly enjoyed getting to know Columbia,‖ Olson said. ―This is a time in my career where the
time is right to move, and I believe Missouri is the right place.‖

The Columbia Daily Tribune
MU picks new dean of veterinary medicine
Monday, July 23, 2007

Neil Olson, associate dean for research and graduate studies at the College of Veterinary Medicine at
North Carolina State University, has been appointed dean of the University of Missouri-Columbia
College of Veterinary Medicine.

The new position begins Sept. 1. Olson plans to visit the MU campus next month and hopes to
schedule visits with veterinarians throughout Missouri in the near future.

Olson holds a bachelor‘s degree in veterinary science and a doctorate of veterinary medicine from the
University of Minnesota. He also earned a doctorate in physiology from Michigan State University.

Olson has received numerous awards for his research, which focuses on cardiopulmonary health and
disease. He has served on several research boards and held a number of administrative appointments at
North Carolina State.

In a prepared statement, Olson said he would like to see MU become one of the top five veterinary
schools in the nation.

"I think that MU‘s College of Veterinary Medicine has many areas of strength that are especially
important today," he said, "including the faculty‘s expertise in infectious diseases, their work with
outreach programs to the rest of the state and region, and the nature of their collaborations throughout
campus and the nation."

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Magazine to retract MU study
Researcher Kaushik Deb flees university.
Thursday, July 26, 2007

Tomorrow‘s issue of Science magazine will include a published retraction from University of Missouri-
Columbia researchers who helped author a fraudulent study last year.

A co-author on the study, R. Michael Roberts, curators‘ professor of animal science and biochemistry
at MU, accepts some blame in the retraction. He said he placed too much trust in the study‘s lead
researcher, Kaushik Deb, who the school has determined manipulated images used to draw

"He worked under my supervision. I take my responsibly for that," Roberts said earlier this week in
advance of the retraction. "I put enormous trust into this individual, and I believed him in a sense. I
was perhaps foolish not to be more critical of the work."

An MU investigation has concluded that Deb, who was a postdoctoral researcher at the university, is
the culprit behind the academic fraud. "Dr. Deb‘s career in science is over," said Rob Hall, MU‘s
research integrity officer.

The original paper was published in Science in February 2006 with the title "CDX2 Gene Expression
and Trophectoderm Lineage Specification in Mouse Embryos."

The article used a series of photographs to conclude that even the earliest cells in mouse embryos are
"fated" for different tasks of forming the fetus and placenta. It would have been an important
discovery, giving new insight into development and possibly affecting embryonic stem cell research.
Scientists, though, soon became skeptical of the images. Roberts, too, started questioning the research.
Deb, who did much of the work and wrote the first draft of the paper, fell under suspicion.

Last year, in early July, colleagues said Deb disappeared from the university. University officials are not
sure where he is now, although some believe he went back to India, his home country.

When MU began an investigation into the research, Deb did not respond to calls for his perspective.

"Dr. Deb has never appeared for any of the proceedings that we have had, has never called, has never
said a word," Hall said.

The recently concluded investigation found that Deb selectively chose images that would back up the
conclusion and likely used computer photo editing software to "improve" the images, cleaning them
up and erasing segments.

University officials are not releasing their official findings because of a pending federal investigation
and because they believe the document is a private personnel record.

Hall called Deb‘s actions "aberrant behavior."

He said the university would have fired Deb, or not renewed his contract, if he were still at MU.
Regardless, Hall said Deb will not go unpunished.

"With the publication of this retraction, Dr. Deb is going to be subjected to the absolute worst
punishment that any scientist can have," Hall said, "because he is going to be held up before the
international scientific community as a fraud."

MU will forward its findings to the federal government‘s Office of Research Integrity, part of the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services. That office could decide to put a ban on any federal
funding of Deb‘s future projects for a set period of time, likely three to five years, Hall said.
"For a career in the fast-moving field of science, three to five years is fatal," Hall said.

MU has cleared the other authors of the paper: Roberts, Mayandi Sivaguru, former associate director
of the MU Molecular Cytology Core, and H.Y. Yong, with the Center for Animal Resource
Development in Korea.

Roberts said he is ready to move on. "What I‘m trying to do right now is put this behind me," he said.

Columbia Missourian
Science rife with notable fakes
Friday, July 27, 2007

The revelation that an MU researcher committed research fraud doesn‘t surprise Gordon Christensen,
who chaired the committee that investigated the charges against Kaushik Deb.

―It would be nice to say this doesn‘t happen often,‖ Christensen said. ―But it has happened in a
number of well-publicized cases across the world and in leading institutions.‖

Indeed, the history of science is filled with notable fakers in the mold of Deb, a post-doctoral fellow at
MU who falsified images of mouse embryos that accompanied peer reviewed research published in
Science magazine.

In 1989, Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announced that they had created a sustained nuclear
reaction at room temperature in their lab at the University of Utah. The duo was forced to retract their
findings after other prominent researchers accused them of falsifying their data. More recently, in
2006, a South Korean researcher was forced to admit that he had fabricated data in two landmark
papers on embryonic stem cells.

Like those researchers, Deb was, by his supervisor‘s accounts, a talented researcher who appeared to
make a startling discovery, only to be challenged and exposed as a fraud. And, like those more
notorious researchers, Deb‘s ambitions likely brought about his downfall.

―In the majority of cases, I think it is out of sheer desperation,‖ said Robert Hall, MU‘s associate vice
chancellor for research and director of compliance. ―When you‘re on a post-doctoral track, you‘ve got
a couple, three years to produce research that will get the attention of your superiors. We‘re putting
someone in a position where if they falter and if they fail, they‘re dead.‖

Christensen thinks that the pressure placed on research scientists ultimately comes from their funding

―There‘s something wrong with the way we fund research today,‖ he said, ―The research community is
too results oriented. The granting agencies and supervisors are too concerned with the number of
articles published as a measurement of success.‖

There are other ways of measuring research productivity that funding agencies could use. Christensen
suggested assessing the impact and quality of an article, and said there should be more avenues by
which to publish unsuccessful research.

Although pressure to please sponsors can explain why a researcher would fudge facts, it still doesn‘t
account for how they would go about it, especially with the scientific community‘s commitment to
verification and authenticity. Christensen said he thinks supervisors are given too heavy a load and
could not possibly give individual attention to all of the researchers in their charge.

The Kansas City Star
Former MU researcher faked photos in research paper, university says
Thursday, July 26, 2007

A former University of Missouri scientist fabricated photos to support his hypothesis for a research
paper he led while at the Columbia campus, university officials said Thursday.

The paper, written from a year‘s worth of research into how embryonic mouse cells divide during
development, was published in Science magazine in February 2006.

The results had major implications in determining which early-stage cells could be used to create
embryonic stem cell lines, said R. Michael Roberts, another MU scientist and a co-author of the
research paper.

But a university-led investigation found that Kaushik Deb, a postdoctoral research associate and lead
author of the study, had committed research fraud in the project, university officials said. The
university asked Science magazine to retract the paper.

A letter written by three other authors of the paper was published in Science magazine Thursday
explaining the misconduct.

Deb, who resigned from MU three months after the yearlong investigation began, could not be
reached for comment.

The investigation was launched after scientists outside the university raised questions about the
authenticity of some images in Deb‘s study. The investigation concluded that Deb used a photo
software program to manipulate or fabricate some images of mouse embryos.

―We have withdrawn the paper, but that doesn‘t mean that everything in the paper was wrong,‖ said
Roberts, a curators‘ professor of animal science and biochemistry.

―But the paper was written on the basis of those images. Everything has to be repeated.‖

Roberts and the other co-authors of the paper — Mayandi Sivaguru, former associate director of the
MU Molecular Cytology Core, and H.Y. Yong, who is with the Center for Animal Resource
Development in Korea — were cleared of wrongdoing.

Robert Hall, MU associate vice chancellor for research, said digital image manipulation is well on its
way to becoming the most frequent form of research misconduct in the science industry.

The MU case is the second one Hall said he had heard about within a month. The other involved
images published in another science magazine.

According to John Dahlberg of the Office of Research Integrity, a division of the U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services, such cases are cropping up more often because photo software makes it
easy to manipulate images and because researchers are under pressure to publish papers.

Columbia Missourian
MU professor retracts research after investigation
Thursday, July 26, 2007

MU professor R. Michael Roberts has retracted research published in Science magazine after a nearly
yearlong university investigation concluded that accompanying images were doctored by one of his
associates, who has apparently fled the country.

Roberts, who was officially cleared of research misconduct by a university committee in February,
asked the magazine to retract the research in a letter that will be published in this week‘s print issue of
Science, due out Friday. The letter appears on the magazine‘s Web site today.

In the letter, Roberts, as principal investigator, took responsibility for the doctored images. He said he
made the mistake of ―placing excessive trust in his co-worker‖ while failing to assure that ―a complete
set of raw data existed at the time the questions first arose about the paper.‖

In an interview, Roberts said, ―I have to take responsibility because it did take place in my laboratory.‖

Roberts says he was ―overly trusting‖ of Kaushik Deb, a former post-doctoral researcher who was the
lead author of ―CDX2 Gene expression and trophectoderm lineage specification in mouse embryos,‖
which ran in the Feb. 17, 2006, issue of Science.

A recently completed investigation by MU‘s Research Responsibility Committee found that Deb
committed research fraud by falsifying or fabricating some images of the mouse embryos portrayed in
the study. Roberts and two other researchers, Mayandi Sivaguru and H.Y. Yong, were cleared of

―We had to actually address individual pieces of information and determine whether or not they added
up to guilt,‖ said the committee‘s interim chairman, Gordon Christensen, an MU professor of
medicine. ―There was a whole series of findings we had to assemble and a whole series of conclusions
that we had to come to.‖

The published research caused an immediate stir in the academic world by presenting evidence that the
first two cells of mouse embryos possess markers that indicate from a very early stage whether they
will grow into a fetus or placenta. The findings were contrary to traditional beliefs and did not go
unchallenged. A scientist outside the university sent a letter to the magazine several months after the
article was published questioning the validity of the images of the embryos. Science alerted MU of the
objection, triggering the university‘s investigation, and later published an editorial expression of
concern, alerting readers that the research ―may not be reliable.‖

Natasha D. Pinol, communications officer for Science, said that of the roughly 950 papers published in
the magazine every year, only a ―handful lead to some type of clarification or retraction.‖

―Unfortunately,‖ Pinol wrote in an e-mail, ―scientific misconduct does occur, though other retractions
are due to honest error. The overall number of retractions has been generally constant from year to

year, though if the initial report was particularly noteworthy, the retraction is likely to attract more
attention as well.‖

The committee investigating the fraud allegations was originally chaired by Phil Harter, an MU law
professor. Harter resigned in February 2007, asserting that Roberts, Sivaguru and Yong had not been
told soon enough that the committee had determined they had no role in the alleged misconduct.

The committee, now headed by Christensen, continued its investigation of Deb, who had aroused
suspicion at the outset by abruptly resigning his research position. He then left town, leaving no
forwarding address and offering no explanation to superiors.

Robert Hall, MU‘s associate vice chancellor for research and director of compliance, said Deb‘s failure
to appear before the committee ―could have been viewed as an admission of guilt‖ on its own.
However, he said MU carried out a full investigation anyway to ensure that the findings would be fair
and accurate.

―I really wish he had appeared before the committee,‖ Hall said. ―We had experts on digital imagery
from inside and outside the university testify. The committee evaluated all of the evidence. Even Deb
got eminently fair treatment.‖

Christensen said the committee determined that Deb deliberately altered images of the embryos using
photo editing software, including the popular application Photoshop. ―The findings were basically that
Dr. Deb did indeed fabricate data and the fabrication was very specific to very specific images,‖
Christensen said.

Although MU‘s investigation has concluded, Hall said the committee‘s final report could not be made
public until a mandatory review by the federal Office of Research Integrity validates the university‘s
findings; Hall said that could take another year.

Roberts selected Deb to do research on mouse embryos because of his previous experience with them.
Although Roberts secured the funding from the National Institutes of Health to perform the research,
he said that Deb was working ―relatively independently,‖ and that his own role was limited to that of
overseer. Roberts said neither he nor the other collaborators had any indications that Deb was altering
the images.

―This was a very hardworking, likeable young man,‖ Roberts said. ―He was quite intellectually
stimulating. He appeared to be the absolutely ideal post-doctoral candidate in the laboratory. I thought
very highly of him.‖

Roberts said he has ―reliable evidence‖ to believe that Deb is in India, having left behind his wife, who
was served the charges by the university. The committee‘s findings will likely mean Deb will be barred
from conducting federally funded research for three to five years.

―He‘s done,‖ Hall said, ―He‘s been held in front of the international community as being guilty of
committing research fraud. This basically is the end of a career.‖

Christensen said Roberts was cleared of wrongdoing by the committee, but that there was some
concern over ―whether had acted appropriately at all times‖ during the research period. ―Since he
addressed that in the letter he sent to Science,‖ Christensen said, ―we had no reason to suspect
anything other than that he had been tricked.‖

For Roberts, the retraction marks the end a lengthy and trying ordeal. Roberts said he continues to
work with the mouse embryos, as well as conducting research into the conversion of human
embryonic stem cells into placental stem cells. Deb‘s fraud, he said, would make him ―unfortunately be
more skeptical‖ of his colleagues in the future.

―It‘s been a difficult year and a half,‖ he said. ―But I have other research going forward. I still enjoy my
work. I have excellent people working for me in my laboratory.‖

Columbia Missourian
Text of the retraction of research report
Thursday, July 26, 2007

Retraction appearing in the July 23, 2007, issue of Science Magazine regarding the research report
―CDX2 gene expression and trophectoderm lineage specification in mouse embryos‖ by MU
researchers K. Deb, M. Sivaguru, H. Y. Yong, R. M. Roberts that was originally published in the
magazine in 2006.

Courtesy of Science magazine

St. Louis Business Journal
University of Missouri researchers win $1.9M NSF grant
Friday, July 20, 2007

Researchers at the University of Missouri-Columbia won a $1.9 million grant from the National
Science Foundation (NSF) to study ways to engineer enhanced corn crops that resist viruses and
The five-year grant will allow the researchers to study "optimal ways of creating engineered
minichromosomes in maize and making additions to those minichromosomes," according to a release.

MU College of Arts and Science professor James Birchler is principal investigator for the study. The
researchers hope the study will lead to improved development of crops that are multiply resistant to
fungi, bacteria and herbicides, and of proteins and metabolites used to treat human illnesses.

Birchler said the NSF-funded project will include training postgraduate, graduate and undergraduate
students and hosting a conference on transgenic crops and artificial chromosome technology.

Columbia Missourian
MU study looks at nanotech dangers
The research focuses on aquatic life.
Sunday, July 22, 2007

A new study has begun to explore the effects that nanotechnology might have on the environment.

Researchers at MU received a $399,506 grant from the Environmental Protection Agency to look at how
nanomaterials might affect aquatic organisms.

Nanomaterials are extremely small atomic particles, generally between one to 100 nanometers long. There
are a billion nanometers in one meter.

The study is being done in conjunction with the USGS Environmental Research Center located on New
Haven Road.

Supporters of nanotechnology claim it will produce tremendous benefits such as curing cancer and cheaply
desalinating seawater. Last year the federal budget dedicated more than a billion dollars to the research and
development of nanotechnology.

The National Nanotechnology Initiative, a federal research and development organization, lists hundreds of
current and potential uses of nanomaterials in fields including electronics and medicine.

Because so little is known about nanomaterials, part of the federal money is allocated to test potentially
adverse effects they might have on the environment.

―On one side you have potential applications, but on the other we really don‘t know much on the potential
health and environmental impacts,‖ said Baolin Deng, associate professor of civil and environmental
engineering at MU and the lead researcher for the study.

The EPA has given out various grants to determine if any negative aspects of using nanomaterials exist.

―You need to do this kind of research with a team in order to answer all the questions,‖ Deng said.

The study will concentrate on the impact, or the ―fate and effect,‖ that nanomaterials will have when
released into the environment, said Chris Ingersoll, an aquatic toxicologist with the USGS working on the
study. This includes asking questions such as how the materials will be transported into the environment,
what organisms they will affect and how they will be affected.

Early research has found that nanomaterials settle down to the sediment at the bottom of bodies of water
as opposed to staying suspended in the water. As a result, organisms that live in sediment, such as
amphopods (small shrimp-like organisms), mussels and worms, are more susceptible to toxic materials in
sediment and have been chosen for the study, Ingersoll said.

After being exposed to nanomaterials for various periods of time, the animals will be tested to see if the
material had any impact on their survival, growth or reproduction. Effects from nanomaterial in the
environment would not only be limited to organisms living in the sediment, but also the animals that feed
on them, such as fish, affecting a much larger part of the food chain.

The study will continue for three years, and any findings will be used to advise the EPA on policy regarding
nanomaterials, Ingersoll said.

Jefferson City News Tribune
MU students help older drivers find a perfect fit behind the wheel
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

When older drivers hit the road, some people visualize a little old lady peering over the steering wheel. Now, a group of
University of Missouri-Columbia students is helping mature drivers find the perfect fit behind the wheel.

―As people get older, they often lose independence, especially because of a lack of transportation. We
want to help people find ways to safely maintain their independence as long as possible,‖ said Alex
Roark, occupational therapy student at MU.

The U.S. Census Bureau has determined that by 2030, one in five drivers will be older than 65.
Students from the School of Health Professions Department of Occupational Therapy and
Occupational Science are volunteering their time to conduct free informational sessions for seniors to
help them make safety a personal priority.

The students will use CarFit, a national program, to pair older drivers with trained professionals for a
comprehensive check of how well drivers ―fit‖ in their vehicles.

―Each driver will go over a checklist with trained technicians, and hazards will be marked. An
occupational therapist will then spend time with the driver making adjustments that will make drivers
more comfortable to be in better control of their vehicles,‖ Roark said. ―Many people do not realize
that there is a recommended distance from the driver's seat to the pedals in order to prevent fatigue
and leg cramps while driving.‖

The program will help determine the proper seat belt fit, proper distance from steering wheel to chest,
and how the seat should be positioned for optimal comfort, safety and visibility.

Mirrors will be properly adjusted to remove potential blind spots.

Headrests will be adjusted to the best position to prevent neck injury.

Many adaptive devices are available, such as steering wheel covers to improve grip or seat lifts to aid
getting in and out of a car.

―Oftentimes, most drivers don't even realize there are proper ways to make their ‗fit' in a vehicle
better, or they don't even know that devices that could help them are available. That's why we feel this
is an important community project,‖ Roark said.

The CarFit program was developed through collaboration among the American Society on Aging,
AARP, The American Occupational Therapy Association and AAA.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
MU study ties heavy drinking to fake IDs
Wednesday, July 25, 2007

A new study from University of Missouri-Columbia researchers confirms what many college students
apparently already know: Fake IDs and heavy drinking go hand in hand.

A scientific survey of 3,720 MU students shows that the heavy drinkers on campus pursue fake IDs
and, conversely, students who get fake IDs soon amplify their drinking.

"Underage drinking is a problem nationwide," said Julia Martinez, an MU doctoral student and the
study‘s lead researcher. "One of the major issues is: ‗How are underage kids getting alcohol?‘ And fake
IDs are one of the ways they can do it."

The research followed students during their freshman and sophomore years, when most students are
younger than 21. It found that although 12.5 percent of students came to MU with fake IDs, by the
end of their second year, 32.2 percent had the IDs in their possession.

So where are all these fakes coming from? "There are a bunch of ways you can get a fake ID,"
Martinez said.

On the Internet, students can find ways to make their own fraudulent IDs. Some simply choose to
borrow IDs from older relatives or friends who have similar-looking faces. Others, Martinez said, can
simply buy fakes from numerous Web sites.

With a good fake ID in hand, underage students gain access to bars and the ability to buy alcohol at
stores. That can lead to heavy drinking, putting students at risk for traffic injuries, death, property
damage, assault and risky sexual behavior.

"Heavy drinking in younger people is linked to a lot of dangerous, problematic things," Martinez said.
"So if people have further access to alcohol and that predicts heavy drinking, as our study shows, that
implies that there might be more dangers there."

Missouri law clearly prohibits manufacturing or using fake IDs. Both activities are misdemeanors.

Those who produce fake IDs can be fined as much as $1,000 and spend as long as a year in prison.
Over the past three years, the Missouri‘s Division of Alcohol and Tobacco Control arrested or issued
summonses to 857 people statewide who allegedly tried to pass fake IDs. During that time, 15 people
were caught for allegedly making fraudulent official identification cards.

The new study shows that fake ID ownership is especially prevalent in the Greek community. More
than 50 percent of Greek students, men and women, have fake IDs by the time they are sophomores.

The study didn‘t investigate why this is the case, but Martinez surmised that "there might be some sort
of community network" among Greeks or "increased networking of just how to access alcohol."

Julie Drury, MU‘s coordinator for Greek Life, said her department works with MU‘s Wellness
Resource Center to make sure students in fraternities and sororities are aware of the consequences of
having fake IDs.

"We work to educate them not only about fake IDs and the laws behind that and where that can lead
but also about responsible and safe drinking behaviors," she said.

But with more than half of the students still deciding to use fake IDs, Drury said it was possible the
university should try do more.

The research into fake IDs is based on data collected as part of a large prospective study of college
student drinking. The parent study, funded by a $2.3 million grant from the National Institutes of
Health, was designed to characterize the predictors, course and consequences of drinking over the
course of a college career, said Kenneth Sher, curators‘ professor of psychological sciences.

Sher said the study was ancillary and labeled the cost of the fake ID study as "essentially a freebie."

Columbia Missourian
Some Greek houses getting makeovers
The city’s utility work adds to the construction bustle in Greektown
Thursday, July 26, 2007

COLUMBIA—For most of the summer, MU‘s Greek houses have looked much as they usually do,
albeit without the Greeks — green lawns, blooming flowers and clean sidewalks. Now, with the start
of the fall semester just weeks away, the situation‘s a little dustier.

Over the past few weeks, fraternities, sororities and the city of Columbia have been busy with
construction projects in Greektown, a square of area outlined by Rollins and Providence roads,
Kentucky Boulevard and Maryland Avenue. The work has already caused some problems, in particular
for fraternity Rush Week. The annual courtship between frat houses and potential new members took
place in June this summer instead of August, meaning that the houses were being showcased while
construction was under way.

Kyle Ayers, vice president of programming for Sigma Phi Epsilon on Kentucky Boulevard, said
showing the fraternity‘s house during rush was difficult, although the end product of the chapter‘s $2.6
million renovation would be worth it.

―It was hard to go through the house because people couldn‘t really visualize what it would look like
with the construction,‖ Ayers said. ―But we had mock-ups, furniture samples, and we signed some
guys. I‘m really happy with how the house will look.‖

Ayers said the work, which is being funded by alumni donations, contributions from the national
chapter and members‘ housing payments, should be completed by Aug. 3. The house is undergoing a
complete renovation, down to the wiring and plumbing, and it will feature suite-style rooms and a
―really nice, very modern‖ look, Ayers said. The completed building will have a capacity of 64
members, a larger number than ever before. Members will start moving in Aug. 13.

Matt Meis, president of Delta Tau Delta fraternity on Rollins, said the chapter is renovating its entire
house over the next three to four years. This summer‘s project includes putting in central air-
conditioning, renovating the house‘s second floor with new windows, doors and carpet, and
landscaping. Meis was happy to show the house during Rush Week, although it presented some

―The thought of a house being renovated and in great shape in the fall, I think it‘s actually helped us,‖
he said. ―The guys going through formal rush saw that changes were being made; it‘s good for them to
see it happening.‖

Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity, which is purchasing the old Delta Chi property, is moving into a new
house that, during rush, was not ready to be occupied. The fraternity‘s officers could only speak to
potential new members on the front lawn of the new house on Stewart Road. Brett Anwander,
president of Lambda Chi, said he is happy about the move, although the fraternity was unable to sign
up any new members during formal rush.

―We‘re really happy that we have a house to call our own,‖ Anwander said. ―It‘s smaller, but we‘ll be
able to have all of our new members move in, and we‘re looking into additions down the road.‖

Lambda Chi plans to put about $100,000 worth of renovations into the house by Aug.11, including a
remodeled kitchen, new carpet and new furniture.

Gamma Phi Beta, a sorority on Richmond Avenue, demolished its annex this summer to provide
parking for students in the fall. Shelli Thelen, chapter adviser, said the annex was too old to remodel
and that losing the living space would not be an issue.

―Parking is a campuswide problem, and we‘re still open to the option of adding on to our existing
house in the future,‖ Thelen said.

The new parking lot will provide 35 spots; sorority members who don‘t live in the house will get first
dibs on the $500-per-semester spots.

Kappa Alpha Theta, a sorority on Kentucky Boulevard, remodeled its bathrooms and laundry room
this summer, which president Cara McLaughlin said was part of renovations that began a few years
ago. The renovations are funded by nondeductible alumni donations, and the bathrooms alone cost an
estimated $100,000, McLaughlin said.

―Big houses require a lot of upkeep,‖ she said. ―And having a beautiful living space is a real draw for

In addition to fraternity and sorority renovations, the city of Columbia is doing work in the area.

Connie Kacprowicz of Columbia‘s Water and Light Department said workers are moving Greektown‘s
electric lines underground. The city is blocking off areas of Richmond Avenue to do the work, as well
as taking over some fraternities‘ parking lots. Kacprowicz said she hopes the project will be done by
Aug. 12.

―We‘re hoping to get the job completed before sorority recruitment starts,‖ Kacprowicz said. ―It‘s for
aesthetics and safety, it‘s better to have these lines underground because of tree limbs and weather.‖

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Sprinkler keeps fire from spreading at MU
Monday, July 23, 2007

A sprinkler system is credited for keeping a lab fire in check over the weekend at the University of
Missouri engineering building.

The Columbia Fire Department responded to an alarm at about 10 p.m. Saturday at 416 S. Sixth St.
and found a fire sprinkler head activated in a lab room near an exhaust hood where a hot plate had
been left on.

The sprinkler kept the fire from spreading, Battalion Chief Steven Sapp said in a news release, and
firefighters extinguished the remaining fire and assisted in mopping up water from the sprinkler
system. Water damage was miniscule compared to what fire damage could have occurred, Sapp said.
No damage estimates have been provided by the university.

The Rolla Daily News
Missouri S&T design concepts unveiled
Wednesday, July 25, 2007

The University of Missouri-Rolla unveiled four design concepts for a University of Missouri Science
and Technology logo to the campus community Wednesday during forums that went largely
unpublicized to those outside UMR.

Presentations on the design concepts were held from 10 a.m. to noon and from 4 to 6 p.m. Wednesday
to gather input from university students, alumni, faculty and staff.

Presentations also will be held from 10 a.m. to noon and 4 to 6 p.m. today in the Havener Center‘s
Carver-Turner Room, and from 9 a.m. to noon and 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. Friday in the Communications
Conference Room, 105 Campus Support Facility.

―The main objective is to get input from the campus community,‖ UMR Communications Director
Andrew Careaga said. ―We are trying to reach as many students, alumni, faculty and staff as possible to
get their input so we can move forward.‖

The four concepts are preliminary designs, and are in no way meant to be finalized versions of the
university‘s new logo -- a point stressed by Careaga and Ed Siriamo, president of Creative
Communications Associates, the company hired by UMR to develop the logos.

Although links to PDF versions of the design concepts, and a survey to comment on them, can be
found online at, the university would not allow photographs to be taken
during the unveiling. UMR also made it clear that it does not want design concepts published in the
Rolla Daily News at this time.

Careaga said the secrecy is to prevent the proliferation of the design concepts, which are not official
logos at this time. Careaga said the unveiling was not promoted in the Rolla community because
UMR‘s focus now is on those affiliated with the university.

Verbal descriptions of the design concepts also can be found on the name change Web site and are as
 Concept 1: Aspire - This concept, designed to be elegant and show strength and character, is
     created from a classic typeface. The sense of the concept is continuity and completeness. Strong
     capital letters are used to deliver power to the word Missouri. The S&T add character and are
     carefully linked with the ampersand. The advantage of this concept is smart elegant design that is
     concise, delivering clarity of purpose.
 Concept 2: Powerful - This is a bold and serious mark with sportive elements. It is a combination
     of dynamic and solidity. The word Missouri crests proudly above the boldly crafted S&T, which
     gives this mark strength, power, uniqueness, individuality and above all, style.
 Concept 3: Elemental - This is a more geometric concept. It uses dynamic elements (a box and
     strong sans-serif letters). Stylistically, the use of these elements evokes a scientific mission and
     reflects the periodic table. The accentual element (the ampersand) is placed and connected
     dynamically in the center of the letters ―S‖ and ―T‖. The bold type lends an honest and
     straightforward tone that is neutral without being clinical, and authoritative without being
 Concept 4: Stabile - This mark is strong and elegant. It was created by modifying a classical
     typeface for the S&T element. The word Missouri delivers relevance, continuity and strength.

    There are elements or warmth and the design is deliberate in its energy to communicate joy. The
    advantage of this concept is the simplicity of the idea: Strength, character and exceptional style.

The design concepts will remain online through the weekend, and after Sunday, the survey will be

All four concepts are presented in black and white, and Siriamo told the approximately 15 people
gathered at Wednesday afternoon‘s unveiling that the lack of color is intentional at this stage of the
―In developing concepts, what we want you to look at is how well the words and graphic marks
present an image to you,‖ he said.

However, he said the final logo chosen by the university likely will show ―Missouri‖ in gold, ―S&T‖ in
silver and ―Missouri University of Science and Technology‖ in ―Irish‖ green.

Siriamo said silver and gold are in keeping with UMR‘s history and association with the University of
Missouri system, and if printed with metallic ink, will make a strong impression.
―Given the right design and execution, it should be spectacular,‖ he said. ―It should be beautiful.‖

According to a press release posted by Careaga on Wednesday, the university believes the design
concepts point toward possible directions the university may chose to take in its graphic identity,
which in turn helps define the overall brand of the institution. The brand then translates into how
individuals experience the university.

―In the future, we don‘t want to be known as ‗Rolla,‘‖ Siriamo said. ―Part of our challenge, as
designers, is to emphasize the quality of what comes out of this place as an institution, not that it‘s in
Missouri or Rolla.‖

Siriamo said development of the concepts started with 20 logos submitted by four design teams. The
teams were narrowed to two, and one group was given the logos of UMR‘s competitors and a history
of the university, while the other was asked to ―blindly‖ create designs based only on a strategic
method and creative briefing.

The design concepts were narrowed from 20 to 12, and then down to 6. The university‘s Brand
Identity Team then chose the four designs currently being unveiled.

UMR has asked Creative Communications Associates to eliminate one design after input has been
gathered through forums with university affiliates. Siriamo said comments will be taken back to design
teams, which will start fresh; creating new logos with nuances of the proposed concepts.

The University of Missouri-Rolla will become Missouri University of Science and Technology, or
MS&T, on Jan. 1. The name change was approved by the University of Missouri Board of Curators
during its April meeting on the UMR campus.

The Rolla Daily News
UMR professor: ‘Yoga is a way of life’
Monday, July 23, 2007

Starting Wednesdays, seniors will have the option of attending a free yoga class, focusing on breathing, at
the Holloway House.

Dr. Shamsher Prakash, a professor emeritus from the University of Missouri-Rolla and head of the
Shamsher Prakash Foundation, will be leading the classes.

Prakash has been teaching yoga in Rolla, St. Louis, Kansas City and around the world since 1979. He said
his senior yoga classes will focus on breathing, not physical exercises.

―We will be working on not only the physical act of breathing, but also on directing our minds not to run
away from the practice,‖ Prakash said.

In his classes, Prakash starts with warm-up exercises first, and then moves to pranayam, which is the
regulation of breath. There are seven different types of pranayam including bhastrika, kapalbhati, anulom-
vilom, bhramri, ujjai, shetalee and mahabanda. These are all different types of breathing with subtle
differences. Prakash said yoga has made all the difference in his life -- since 1962 he has only had one bout
with the common cold, he never gets headaches, and at 74 years of age he doesn‘t need any medication.

―Yoga is a way of life,‖ Prakash said. ―I learned all these things as a child in India from monks that came in
to teach us. This has already given me so much that I feel like I should give back what I can.‖

Prakash gives back through his foundation, and by offering free classes and informational pamphlets and
books. His Web site,, has a copy of his yoga book.

The Shamsher Prakash Foundation (SPF) is non-profit organization that was founded in 1989 in the U.S.
and 1988 in India. It has four principle focus areas: geotechnical engineering, yoga, peace and the JJ Divine
School for Children.

Each year, SPF awards $1,100 and a plaque to young engineers who specialize in geotechnical engineering
or geotechnical earthquake engineering. The research award and the excellence prize for practice are the
two annual awards. The nominees are judged by an international group of experts each year. Winners have
come from around the world, including Greece, Canada, Thailand, the USA, Spain, Japan, Italy, India,
Israel, Tunisia and Korea.

SPF arranges classes, lectures talks and yoga demonstrations through out the year, and they have published
―Introduction to Prevention and Yoga,‖ as a guide to increasing physical, mental and spiritual well-being.

To promote peace, each year the foundation sponsors an essay competition for junior high through high
school students on subjects such as peace, inner peace, world peace, peace in the community and peace at

The JJ Divine School for Children is an elementary school for children of migrant laborers in Khet Purrali,
India. SPF provides books and clothing for the students, as well as instruction.

The senior yoga classes will be from 10 a.m. to 10:45 p.m. at the Holloway house starting Wednesday, and
will continue every Wednesday of August.

Southeast Missourian
Building and busing
Thursday, July 26, 2007

With less than a month to go before the start of fall semester classes, construction crews are still hard
at work on Southeast Missouri State University's new cultural arts building while faculty and staff get
settled into new offices in the renovated, historic seminary building. At the same time, plans already are
in place for taking students to and from the new arts school in shuttle buses.

Everything from large, permanent exhibits for the university's new regional museum to electrical
switches are being installed. Some interior walls are still under construction. Some of the performance
spaces are still in various stages of construction.

"Sometimes there are eight or 10 workmen in even a small room trying to get things done," said Bob
Cerchio, assistant director of the new Holland School of Visual and Performing Arts. "We have moved
from anticipation to excitement to sheer panic."

The exterior grounds are taking shape. The parking lot has been paved. But a low fountain and
landscaping along the main drive still remains to be done, he said.

The campus, on the grounds of a former Catholic seminary overlooking the Mississippi River in Cape
Girardeau, won't be completely finished by the start of classes, Cerchio said. The 950 seats for the new
performance hall, for example, aren't scheduled to be installed until after the start of the semester.

But all of the classrooms are expected to be ready for more than 300 students when they show up for
art, music, theater and dance classes in August, he said.

When the semester does start, River Campus classes will begin at different times than classes on the
main campus so students can better schedules classes on both campuses, officials said.

Southeast purchased two 35-seat passenger buses to haul students between the two campuses, said
Kathy Mangels, vice president of business and finance at the university. The trip is expected to take 15
minutes each way, Mangels said.

Monday through Friday, service will begin from the main campus at 7:10 a.m. and continue until 5
p.m. with two buses. From 5 p.m. to midnight, one bus will run, with the last scheduled trip leaving the
River Campus at midnight, said Beth Glaus, manager of parking and transit for the university. On
Saturday and Sunday, a bus will run between the two campuses starting at 1 p.m. and continuing until

The university shuttle routes include stops at Cape Girardeau County Transit stops at Broadway and
Ellis, Spanish and Themis streets, and on South Sprigg Street near William Street. The buses will stop
at Spanish and Themis streets on the way to the River Campus, school officials said.

"What we are trying to do is connect with the downtown a little bit," Mangels said.

Anyone can ride the university shuttle buses at no charge, regardless of whether they are Southeast
students, officials said.

Southeast students can transfer to Cape Girardeau County Transit buses at the city bus stops. Students
will be able to ride the county transit buses for 75 cents a trip or $17.50 a month with a pass.

The county transit buses will stop at various locations on the university campus starting this fall as part
of an effort to expand transit services, said Tom Mogelnicki, director of the transit authority.

As for the university shuttle system, Glaus said she expects it to be convenient for students.

But no matter the route, the buses will have to cross busy Broadway.

"Traffic and traffic lights will be the variable," she said. "It is public transit, not rapid transit."

Springfield News-Leader
Drury adds new building in Cabool
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

After years of renting office space at the local high school, Drury University has a new place to
conduct classes in Cabool.

A 16,000-square-foot, eight-classroom facility was dedicated Monday afternoon. It's located in what
was once the Brown Shoe Factory facility.

About 350 students enroll in classes each year at Cabool.

Lu Adams, director of Drury's campuses in Cabool and Licking, said she believes enrollment will
increase with the new building.

"There'll be growth," she said. "We've been working on this for months. The building has been sitting
idle for some time."

Local businessman Dennis Hunter and former state veterinarian R.W. Stringer, both from the Cabool
area, bought the 60,000-square-foot building about a year ago. They had it refurbished before offering
space to the university. Hunter would not say how much was spent on improvements.

Drury had held night classes at the high school since 1989. Most classes were offered in the evening to
avoid conflicting with the high school hours.

This expansion will allow more classes to be offered during the day.

"Drury was tied down in the local school," Hunter said. "We didn't want Cabool to lose Drury.
They've been successful for our area and a big asset for Cabool."

The new building will include classrooms, two labs, office space and room to expand. Phase II of the
project will include more renovation and the addition of an auditorium.

Acting Drury President Todd Parnell said the new facility offers area residents better accessibility to
higher education and shows the community that Drury is committed to offering more academic

"It's the continuation of a wonderful relationship we've had there since 1989," Parnell said. "Cabool is
an area that can use all the educational support it can get."

According to information from Drury, Texas County — where Cabool is located — has a median
income of $26,064 compared to the state average of $40,870. About 18 percent of the 24,614 residents
live below the poverty level.

Advanced education can help residents obtain better paying jobs, officials said.

"I have twisted a lot of arms to get people to go to college and to try a class or two," Adams said. "I've
never had anyone say afterward that they hated it."

Parris Watts, dean of Drury's College of Graduate and Continuing Studies, said the new Cabool
campus "shows how a community can pull together and make things happen."

In addition to Hunter and Stringer, Cabool State Bank contributed money toward the work, Watts

The campus has offered classes to undergraduate and graduate students who range in age from 17 to
70, according to school officials. More than 1,700 have used the campus since it opened 18 years ago.

"The campus plays a vital role in access to programs for students who are interested in studying
psychology, criminal justice, education," Watts said.

Officials say one bonus is that some graduates are staying in the area to work after they complete their

"It makes the presence of Drury more significant," he said. "If the campus wasn't there, students
wouldn't have the opportunity to have an education because many are geographically bound to the
area because a spouse has a job that requires them to remain in the area or they have strong family ties
and will not leave the area."

But most importantly, Cabool area residents help by using the Drury facility.

"It impacts the future of their families," Watts said. "They are creating models for their children and
siblings. It gives others around them the encouragement to work toward a college degree."

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Six more Missouri colleges have entered into code of conduct agreements
Monday, July 23, 2007

Six more Missouri colleges have entered into code of conduct agreements regarding their student
lending practices with state Attorney General Jay Nixon, his office announced Thursday.

The code prohibits revenue-sharing agreements between schools and lenders, requires schools to
disclose why certain lenders are on their preferred lists, and limits gifts and travel that school
employees can accept from lenders.

The six schools signing on to the code are:

— Crowder College in Neosho.

— Lincoln University in Jefferson City.

— Linn State Technical College.

— Missouri Western State University in St. Joseph.

— North Central Missouri College in Trenton.

— Ozarks Technical Community College in Springfield.

With the addition of these schools, Nixon's office has reached such agreements with 18 Missouri
colleges and universities.

For several months, Nixon has been investigating relationships between schools and lenders following
a national controversy. The schools agreeing to the code have cooperated with Nixon's investigation
and have not necessarily had any issues with their lending practices.

A law student at the University of Missouri-Columbia has been appointed as the student representative
to the University of Missouri Board of Curators.

Gov. Matt Blunt appointed Anton "Tony" Luetkemeyer, 23, to the post. Luetkemeyer, who received
his bachelor's degree from the Columbia campus, is a former president of student government there.

He will replace Maria Kerford, a University of Missouri-St. Louis graduate student, who has served on
the board for two years. The student curator is a nonvoting member of the board.

Luetkemeyer's appointment is subject to Senate confirmation.

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Stem cell fight rages despite amendment
Wednesday, July 25, 2007

KANSAS CITY (AP) - Eight months ago, Missouri seemed well on its way to becoming a national leader in
stem cell research.

Voters amended the Missouri Constitution to protect stem cell research - even the controversial form using
cells from human embryos. Actor Michael J. Fox appeared in TV ads, visibly shaking from Parkinson‘s
disease as he sought votes for stem cell supporter Claire McCaskill in her bid for the U.S. Senate.

Now the spotlight is all but gone after a research institute and lawmakers withdrew financial support.
"Things are obviously not moving forward," said state Sen. Chuck Graham, a Democrat who backed the
amendment in November. "Right now, you can‘t tell the amendment passed. People are running in the
opposite direction. It‘s incredibly frustrating."

Some researchers even fear the techniques known as therapeutic cloning could still be outlawed in Missouri.

Scientist Kevin Eggan had once considered packing up his lab at the Harvard Stem Cell Institute and
moving to Missouri. Now he‘s reluctant.

"I couldn‘t possibly come to a place where I thought the potentially lifesaving research I want to do could
become illegal," said Eggan, who works on degenerative nerve disorders like Lou Gehrig‘s disease.

The setbacks began when conservative Missouri lawmakers stripped funding for some prominent life
sciences projects, including a $150 million research center at the University of Missouri-Columbia.

Then in June, a medical institute in Kansas City announced it would halt its $300 million expansion project
because of controversy over the research. The founders of the Stowers Institute for Medical Research had
financed most of the $30 million campaign to pass the amendment.

Critics of embryonic stem cell research are opposed to the process because it requires embryos to be
destroyed to harvest their cells.

"I think stem cell research is extraordinarily promising and exciting and that we ought to move forward on
it. But Missouri does not need to clone human embryos in order to become a leader in life sciences," said
state Sen. Matt Bartle, a Republican who wants to repeal November‘s vote.

Opponents were also encouraged when three teams of scientists announced last month that they had
produced the equivalent of embryonic stem cells in mice without destroying embryos.

Two weeks later, President George W. Bush vetoed a bill that would have permitted human embryonic
research - a clear signal to like-minded Missourians who saw November‘s vote, 51 percent to 49 percent, as
anything but a clear mandate.

Some amendment supporters insist the stem cell movement is still moving forward. "There‘s no question
that Missouri is better off today than it was before the November election," said Connie Farrow of the
Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures, which supports the measure.

Proof of the progress, Farrow said, can be found in embryonic stem cell projects at Washington University
in St. Louis, the Stowers Institute and the University of Missouri.

Stowers researchers, for example, are coaxing stem cells to develop into the types of cells that make up the
human spine to possibly learn more about the causes of scoliosis.

Stowers spokeswoman Laurie Roberts said the institute has been conducting human embryonic stem cell
research since the start of the year. Finding more stem cell researchers has been a struggle, she said, but the
effort continues.

The institute "absolutely wants to expand and to do it right here in the state of Missouri," Roberts said,
referring to the more than 100 acres that the institute bought in Kansas City.

Columbia Missourian
Stem cell research stalls in Missouri
‘People are running in the opposite direction’ since the amendment protecting stem cell research
was passed.
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

KANSAS CITY — Eight months ago, Missouri seemed well on its way to becoming a national leader in
stem cell research.

Voters amended the state‘s constitution to protect stem cell research — even the controversial form using
cells from human embryos. Actor Michael J. Fox appeared in TV ads, visibly shaking from Parkinson‘s
disease as he sought votes for stem cell supporter Claire McCaskill in her bid for the U.S. Senate.

Now the spotlight is all but gone after a research institute and lawmakers withdrew financial support.

―Things are obviously not moving forward,‖ said Chuck Graham, Columbia‘s state senator and a Democrat
who backed the amendment in November. ―Right now, you can‘t tell the amendment passed. People are
running in the opposite direction. It‘s incredibly frustrating.‖

Some researchers even fear the techniques known as therapeutic cloning could still be outlawed in Missouri.

Scientist Kevin Eggan had once considered packing up his lab at the Harvard Stem Cell Institute and
moving to Missouri. Now he‘s reluctant.

―I couldn‘t possibly come to a place where I thought the potentially lifesaving research I want to do could
become illegal,‖ said Eggan, who works on degenerative nerve disorders such as like Lou Gehrig‘s disease.

The setbacks began when conservative Missouri lawmakers stripped funding for some prominent life
sciences projects, including a $150 million research center at MU.

Then in June, a medical institute in Kansas City announced it would halt its $300 million expansion project
because of controversy over the research. The founders of the Stowers Institute of Medical Research had
financed most of the $30 million campaign to pass the amendment.

Critics of embryonic stem cell research are opposed to the process because it requires embryos to be
destroyed to harvest their cells.

―I think stem cell research is extraordinarily promising and exciting and that we ought to move forward on
it. But Missouri does not need to clone human embryos in order to become a leader in life sciences,‖ said
state Sen. Matt Bartle, a Republican who wants to repeal November‘s vote.

Opponents were also encouraged when three teams of scientists announced last month that they had
produced the equivalent of embryonic stem cells in mice without destroying embryos.

Two weeks later, President Bush vetoed a bill that would have permitted human embryonic research — a
clear signal to like-minded Missourians who saw November‘s vote, 51 percent to 49 percent, as anything
but a clear mandate.

Some amendment supporters insist the stem cell movement is still moving forward.

―There‘s no question that Missouri is better off today than it was prior to the November election,‖ said
Connie Farrow, spokeswoman for the Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures, which supports the measure.

Proof of the progress, Farrow said, can be found in embryonic stem cell projects at Washington University
in St. Louis, the Stowers Institute and the University of Missouri.

Stowers researchers, for example, are coaxing stem cells to develop into the types of cells that make up the
human spine to possibly learn more about the causes of scoliosis.

Stowers spokeswoman Laurie Roberts said the institute has been conducting human embryonic stem cell
research since the start of the year. Finding more stem cell researchers has been a struggle, she said, but the
effort continues.

The institute ―absolutely wants to expand and to do it right here in the state of Missouri,‖ Roberts said,
referring to the more than 100 acres that the institute bought in Kansas City.

Other states are closely watching developments in Missouri.

Since the amendment‘s passage, Farrow said, stem cell supporters from Nebraska, Oklahoma, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky and Virginia have contacted the Coalition for Lifesaving Cures. They want pointers on
how to promote stem cell initiatives in their states, she said.

―Our stem cell amendment is a model for other states,‖ Farrow said. ―We‘re not going to stand idly by and
let a few minority interest groups take our state backward.‖

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Lab warns of politics in research
Statehouse maneuvers risky for expansion, Stowers official says.
Sunday, July 22, 2007

A spokeswoman for the Stowers Institute for Medical Research in Kansas City warned last week that an
anti-embryonic stem cell research climate was putting at risk the future expansion of the massive facility in
the state.

Voters approved an amendment to the Missouri Constitution that prevented the legislature from placing
restrictions on embryonic stem cell research. A common theme during the election cycle was that passage
was critical for Stowers to expand its campus.

Instead, the institute recently transferred $850 million of a medical research endowment from a Missouri-
chartered organization to a Delaware-charted organization. That announcement coincided with another that
Stowers had scrapped plans to expand in Kansas City.

Stowers spokeswoman Laurie Roberts said the endowment‘s yield will remain available to support the
massive institution started by American Century Companies founder James Stowers and his wife, Virginia.

The Stowerses donated tens of millions of dollars last year in support of Amendment 2.

Why did the organization announce both developments simultaneously?

"We want to make it very clear that the Stowers Institute is committed to continuing the institute‘s
lifesaving research in Missouri to the extent that a stable, cordial environment can be established that
enables the institute to successfully attract the best and brightest researchers from around the world,"
Roberts said.

Although the institute has purchased a 100-acre tract in Kansas City for eventual development, Roberts said
the decision not to expand was related to controversial moves in the Missouri General Assembly, including:
 Sen. Matt Bartle‘s unsuccessful filibuster of the nomination of Warren Erdman to the UM system
Board of Curators because of his support for embryonic stem cell research.
 The failed launch of a ballot item meant to overturn voter-approved Amendment 2. The ballot item
would have banned somatic cell nuclear transfer, a process deemed critical to harness embryonic stem cells
for research.
 The withdrawal of life science-related projects from a $350 million plan to use sold loans from the
Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority for capital improvement projects at public colleges.
 Gov. Matt Blunt‘s appointment of Rep. Bob Onder, R-Lake Saint Louis, an opponent of embryonic
stem cell research, to the Life Sciences Research Board.

"The purchase of the land, I think, reflects the institute‘s deeply held hopes for the future," Roberts said.
"It‘s a substantial investment, and we very sincerely hope to use that land for an expansion.
Now just didn‘t seem like the right time."

Bartle, R-Lee‘s Summit, who sponsored the anti-Amendment 2 resolution with Rep. Jim Lembke, R-St.
Louis County, said passing such a measure legislatively has proven nearly impossible. That makes a ballot
initiative more likely, he said.

"We tried it, we were not successful, so there are other avenues," Bartle said.

Roberts said voter approval of a somatic cell nuclear transfer ban could have significant consequences for

"In the event that Missouri embraces policies and enacts laws and regulations advocated by Sen. Bartle and
Rep. Lembke, it is unlikely that there will ever be further expansion of the scientific facilities of the Stowers
Institute for Medical Research in Missouri," Roberts said. "To do otherwise would be akin to expanding a
newspaper operation in a jurisdiction that had abolished freedom of press."

Opponents of human embryonic stem cell research and somatic cell nuclear transfer contend human life is
destroyed in both processes.

Onder said last week he had a hard time believing his appointment to the research board was tied to
Stowers‘ decision not to expand.

"They broadly blamed the political climate," said Onder, who was on the board of Missourians Against
Human Cloning during last year‘s debate over the amendment. "Every interest and every industry in this
state operates under a political climate where some aspects are favorable and some are unfavorable. I don‘t
see where the" Stowers Institute "gets off saying that the political climate has to be perfect before they go
forward with their mission."

To allay the concerns of embryonic stem cell research opponents in the legislature, Onder said lawmakers
have completely barred any human medical research from being funded by the Life Science Board. That
action, he said, is a reaction to provisions of Amendment 2.

"The legislature steered very, very, very far clear … by not funding human research at all," Onder said.
"And I think that‘s a very unfortunate thing."

In the meantime, one research team at Stowers has been working with human embryonic stem cells,
Roberts said. Researcher Olivier Pourquié is trying to coax human embryonic stem cells to become the cell
type that makes up the human spine. He is also studying the cells‘ behavior, development and mutation to
get a better sense of what causes scoliosis.

"We will not be deterred, and we will continue on the path because our goal is lifesaving cures," Roberts

The Chronicle of Higher Education
U. of Kansas will not forward RIAA letters
Friday, July 27, 2007

The University of Kansas recently stiffened its policy for dealing with students caught downloading
movies or music. But that doesn‘t mean the institution is getting especially chummy with the
Recording Industry Association of America, as an article in The University Daily Kansan points out.

Kansas officials told the student newspaper that they will not heed the recording industry‘s request to
pass pre-litigation notices on to 14 students accused of music piracy. Many institutions have
forwarded the letters — which offer students a chance to settle file-sharing claims out of court at
discounted rates — but some have declined to do so, citing concerns over students‘ privacy.

―My understanding is that the university‘s best-practices viewpoint is to protect its students and show
compliance to the rules,‖ said Todd Cohen, a university spokesman, ―but not to act as a legal agent.‖

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Facing pressure from colleges, Senate majority leader withdraws original amendment on file
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Washington – Facing widespread outrage from college officials, a prominent senator withdrew legislative
language on Monday that would have required some institutions to buy technological tools to curtail illegal
file sharing on their campuses.

The proposal was made by Sen. Harry M. Reid, a Nevada Democrat and the Senate majority leader, as an
amendment to the reauthorization of the Higher Education Act. The amendment called for the Recording
Industry Association of America and the Motion Picture Association of America to provide annual lists of
the 25 institutions that received the most notices identifying cases of copyright infringement. The colleges
appearing on those lists would be ordered to review their antipiracy tactics and to make plans to adopt "a
technology-based deterrent" to peer-to-peer file sharing.

The amendment would have required the 25 colleges to submit progress reports to the Secretary of
Education. Several campus officials warned it would have opened the door for lawmakers to withhold
federal funds from institutions that did not use software or technological appliances in an attempt to stop
illegal file sharing.

College administrators and officials from higher-education organizations lobbied senators to oppose the
amendment, arguing that it would unfairly go after certain institutions, and that no existing technological
tools are able to prevent piracy.

Those complaints led Senator Reid to withdraw the amendment Monday afternoon. Some language about
file sharing was included in the version of the Higher Education Act being considered by the Senate today,
though. (See related article.) Spokesmen for Senator Reid and officials of several higher-education groups
said they had not seen the final text, but they believed the new language was less objectionable to colleges
than that of the original amendment.

An official in Senator Reid's office said the requirement for some colleges to buy special software proved
too controversial. "The language was modified to address some of the concerns that were raised," the
official said.

When Mr. Reid first announced his plan to propose the amendment on Sunday, college officials took to the
Internet to organize a quick response. Some administrators used an e-mail forum run by Educause, the
higher-education-technology group, to distribute a script for campus officials to read from as they asked
lawmakers to oppose the proposal.

"Please urge Senator ____ to oppose any measure that does not carefully consider the impact of such
legislation on higher education in general, and higher education's information-technology operations, in
particular," the script read in part.

Barry Toiv, a spokesman for the Association of American Universities, said its officials had sent word to
their entire membership to contact Mr. Reid and other senators. "We would like to think that he was
convinced on the substance of the issue that the amendment had some real problems," Mr. Toiv said.
"Members were very vocal in raising those concerns."

David Ward, president of the American Council on Education, released a separate letter to senators that
was signed on behalf of several organizations, including the National Association of State Universities and
Land-Grant Colleges and Educause, a higher-education technology consortium.

"The higher-education community and the entertainment industry are working together to develop a
mutually acceptable technological solution to illegal file sharing," the letter says. "That process should be
allowed to continue without imposing an unworkable, one-size-fits-all system."

Strong Objections

In two hearings held this year by the House of Representatives, lawmakers heralded several tools --
including Audible Magic's CopySense and Red Lambda's cGrid::Integrity -- as invaluable in stopping peer-
to-peer piracy. But some college officials have argued that those tools are expensive, ineffective, and not
useful on large campus networks.

One of the institutions that might have been required under Mr. Reid's original amendment to buy new
software was the University of Wisconsin at Madison, which was flagged by the recording industry for
receiving many copyright-infringement notices last year.

Brian Rust, communications manager in the university's information-technology division, said no software
could stop illegal file sharing without interrupting legitimate file sharing as well. "We don't know of any
such software that's reliable," Mr. Rust said. "We would not want to solve the illegal-file-sharing problem by
creating a whole 'nother problem that could hinder a student's ability to learn."

Even if antipiracy tools were more effective, the amendment still would have been severely flawed, critics
said. Many college officials were upset that it relied on copyright-infringement data provided by the
entertainment industry's largest trade groups. When the recording-industry and movie-industry groups
compiled lists of colleges with piracy problems earlier this year, several colleges argued that the industry
groups' statistics were either inaccurate or misleading.

Campus officials who serve on the Joint Committee of the Higher Education and Entertainment
Communities, a group that works to develop antipiracy strategies for colleges, disputed the value of the lists
in a letter sent to senators on Monday. Tracy Mitrano, director of information-technology policy at Cornell
University, said the campus officials were right to object. "The idea that an interested party like the RIAA
would be our policeman is completely absurd," she said.

But that idea is far from dead, she added. Several members of the House of Representatives have
announced plans to pursue legislation similar to Senator Reid's original amendment. Several representatives
-- including Howard L. Berman, a Democrat from California, and Ric Keller, a Republican from Florida --
are staunch supporters of the entertainment industry's battle against campus file sharing.

Higher-education groups will have to do a better job of making their case to lawmakers if they want to keep
similar legislation from passing in the future, according to Ms. Mitrano. "We have failed in the lobbying
war, for understandable and sympathetic reasons," she said. "But we can no longer afford to fail at this

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Senate debates Higher Education Act, rejecting controversial amendment to create federal loan
Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Washington – The U.S. Senate voted on Monday to reject an amendment that would have created a federal
loan program that would compete with private loans.

The amendment, which was offered during debate on legislation to reauthorize, or renew, the Higher
Education Act (S 1642), was defeated by a vote of 53 to 38. The Senate continues debate on the Higher
Education Act today, with final passage of the sweeping bill expected in the late morning or early afternoon.

The failure of the amendment came as a victory for lenders -- who had worried that the program would
supplant private lending -- and for students -- who had feared that an influx of federal student aid could
encourage states to slash higher-education budgets and raise tuitions.

But the amendment's defeat came as disappointment to the sponsor, Sen. Sherrod Brown, Democrat of
Ohio, who has predicted that the government could provide students with nonguaranteed college loans at
attractive rates. During Monday's debate, he argued that the amendment would create competition for
private loans similar to the competition that now exists between the government's direct-loan program and
the federally subsidized guaranteed loan program.

"Right now there is no competition for private loans, so some students have been charged interest rates in
excess of 18 percent," he said. "This amendment would save those students drastic amounts of money."

Opponents, including the top Republican on the Senate education committee, Sen. Michael B. Enzi of
Wyoming, argued that the proposal would give too much authority to the secretary of education, who
would be responsible for setting the program's interest rates.

"This is about government price-fixing," he said.

That argument was echoed by the Consumer Bankers Association, which wrote to lawmakers on Monday
saying the amendment "represents an attempt to fully nationalize student lending, putting all responsibility
for making and collecting tens of billions in new loans every year into the hands of the Department of
Education and its contractors."

Advocates for students and colleges, meanwhile, warned that the program would encourage states to scale
back their higher-education spending and pass on more of the cost of college to students.

"Making available such a massive source of new funds, without any limitations, may have the unintended
consequence of facilitating tuition increases in states across the country," wrote the American Association
of State Colleges and Universities, the U.S. Public Interest Research Group, and the United States Students
Association in a joint letter.

Still to come today is a vote on a controversial amendment by Sen. Tom Coburn, Republican of Oklahoma,
an ardent opponent of earmarking. His measure would require colleges to certify that they have not used
federal funds or money from tuition to lobby Congress.

Not surprisingly, the amendment is opposed by college lobbyists, who say they are already covered under
rules that prohibit the use of federal funds for lobbying. Responding to their concerns, Sen. Edward M.
Kennedy, Democrat of Massachusetts and the reauthorization bill's sponsor, has offered an alternative that
would essentially restate existing law. He said he hoped to reach a compromise with Mr. Coburn before the
start of today's debate.

The Senate will also vote on an amendment by Sen. Richard Durbin, Democrat of Illinois, that would
provide more loan forgiveness for those students who become public prosecutors and defenders, and an
amendment by Sen. Christopher J. Dodd, Democrat of Connecticut, that would bar lenders from
determining students' eligibility for private loans or setting their interest rates based solely on the institution
they attend.

In addition, lawmakers will debate a so-called "manager's amendment" by Senator Kennedy that would
soften some of the bill's provisions on accreditation and transfers of credit. Among various changes, the
amendment would replace a requirement that colleges certify that they do not deny credit transfers solely on
the basis of the sending colleges' type of accreditation with a requirement that colleges simply state which
criteria they use in considering credit transfers. The amendment would also strike some of the bill's more
prescriptive language on accreditation, eliminating a section that spelled out what factors accrediting

agencies should consider when determining whether a college was meeting standards of student

Before adjourning for the evening Monday, the Senate also passed a handful of amendments that would:
 Create a federal clearinghouse that would allow students to shop around for the best loan terms.
 Require foreign medical schools, as a condition of receiving federal student aid, to show that at least 75
percent of their graduates pass licensing exams to practice in the United States. The current threshold is 60
 Require teacher-preparation programs, as a condition of receiving federal student aid, to set "annual,
quantifiable" goals for increasing the number of prospective teachers trained in high-need areas such as
mathematics, science, and special education.
 Require the Government Accountability Office to study the feasibility of collecting information on the
employment of college graduates
 Authorize federal funds for 80 Upward Bound programs that lost their grants this year, including 21
programs at historically black colleges and universities. The Upward Bound Program provides grants to
colleges and organizations to prepare low-income high-school students for college.
 Create a program of technology grants for minority-serving institutions.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Influential Senator plans to propose controversial file-sharing amendment to Higher Education
Monday, July 23, 2007

A key U.S. senator plans to introduce a controversial amendment to the Higher Education Act today
intended to put an end to illegal file sharing on college campuses -- and putting some colleges on the spot
to do so.

The Senate is scheduled to begin debate today on long-awaited legislation to reauthorize, or renew, the
Higher Education Act. Sen. Harry M. Reid, Democrat of Nevada and the Senate majority leader, is expected
to propose an amendment that would require many of the largest colleges to use technology designed to
prevent students from illegally downloading and swapping music and movie files.

The measure, which four powerful higher-education associations and many campus technology experts
oppose, is the federal government's latest attempt at regulating institutions' day-to-day operations, critics
say. The technology to prevent piracy may not even work and could cost universities hundreds of
thousands of dollars, they say.

The Higher Education Act bill to be considered by the Senate already includes a requirement that all
colleges submit an annual report to the secretary of education providing details about their strategies to
reduce illegal file sharing. Many colleges have policies to thwart illegal file sharing and use their campus
judicial systems to punish violators.

But Senator Reid's proposal would require the 25 colleges and universities believed to harbor the most cases
of copyright infringement to start using costly technology solutions to more explicitly detect and eliminate
illegal file sharing. The Recording Industry Association of America and the Motion Picture Association of
America would identify the institutions.

Technology experts interviewed on Sunday railed against the proposal, saying it has two inherent flaws: It
unfairly singles out colleges for a problem that is far more widespread than just 25 American campuses and
suggests a solution that simply will not work.

"Despite what the music and movie people think, college campuses may be where this problem is most
noticeable -- but not where it is the worst," Gregory A. Jackson, a vice president and chief information

officer at the University of Chicago, said. "And if the goal is to solve this problem, there is no technology
that solves this problem."

Over the past nine months, a group of campus technology leaders has met repeatedly with representatives
of the two trade groups, seeking solutions to the problem of online piracy. At a meeting last October, they
concluded that technology used to detect illegal file sharing does not work with many university networks.

Critics said Senator Reid's proposal ignored the results of those meetings. "This amendment skips right past
that finding, essentially asking the colleges targeted by the proposal to make plans to buy technology right
away today that may not be effective and doesn't work within the campus network," said Mark A. Luker,
vice president of Educause, a higher-education technology group.

Late Friday afternoon, Educause sent an e-mail message to many of its 2,200 member colleges, urging them
to lobby against the proposal. The American Council on Education, the Association of American
Universities, and the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges joined Educause
in opposing the amendment.

When Tracy Mitrano, director of information-technology policy at Cornell University, received the
Educause alert, she was "stunned," she said.

"We thought we had a partnership with the content industry," she said.

She worried that because the amendment takes aim at a small number of institutions, many higher-
education officials at other colleges would ignore the issue.

"This is an issue for all of higher education to band together and fight," she said. "We cannot function in
the way American society needs higher education to function ... when we are dictated to by government in
such a direct manner under the influence of a powerful lobbyist group."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Senate passes sweeping higher education bill, including a code of conduct for college-lender
Wednesday, July 25, 2007

Washington – The U.S. Senate unanimously approved legislation on Tuesday that will set federal
higher-education policy for the next five years, increasing federal student aid while cracking down on
conflicts of interest in the student-loan industry.

The sweeping bill would reauthorize, or renew, the Higher Education Act, the law governing most
federal student-aid programs. The House has yet to take up the legislation.

Before voting to pass the bill, senators adopted an amendment that would toughen rules that bar
colleges from using federal funds to lobby Congress.

As passed, the reauthorization bill would raise the maximum allowable Pell Grant to $6,300, and set
the minimum Pell grant at 10 percent of the maximum award, an increase from the current minimum
of $400.

The bill would also take aim at conflicts of interests in the student-loan industry, restricting the use of
preferred-lender lists and placing strict limits on what lenders and guarantee agencies may offer
colleges and their employees to obtain their business.

In addition, it would create a national code of conduct barring colleges from sharing in loan
companies' revenue, and prohibiting college employees from having consulting arrangements with
lenders, or accepting anything more than "reasonable expenses" for serving on lenders' advisory

The bill would also expand government oversight of colleges' tuition-setting and transfer-of-credit
policies. It would place colleges whose tuitions outpaced a new "higher-education price index" on a
federal watch list and require colleges to publicly disclose their policies on the transfer of academic

But the bill would not go as far in pushing colleges to accept credits from other institutions as
lawmakers had originally proposed.

When the Senate introduced the bill last month, it contained a provision that would have barred
colleges from refusing to accept academic credits "solely" on the basis of the sending college's type of
accreditation. That requirement was welcomed by for-profit institutions, which have long complained
that some traditional colleges refuse to accept credits for courses completed at their colleges simply
because their institutions are accredited by national organizations, rather than regional accrediting

But the provision was opposed by registrars, who warned that the requirement would "dumb down"
higher education by forcing colleges to accept credits for courses of dubious quality. Responding to
those concerns, lawmakers softened the provision at an education-committee markup in mid-June,
changing it to simply require colleges to state whether they refused credits based solely on an
institution's accreditation. On Tuesday, they voted to drop that requirement from the bill altogether.

Lawmakers also adopted an amendment to the bill on Tuesday that would require colleges to certify
annually that they have not used money from federal contracts, grants, loans, or cooperative

agreements to lobby Congress. It would require the secretary of education to "vigorously" enforce the

The amendment, which was incorporated into the bill through a "managers' amendment," represents a
compromise between Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, Democrat of Massachusetts and the reauthorization
bill's sponsor, and Sen. Tom Coburn, Republican of Oklahoma, an ardent opponent of earmarking.
Mr. Coburn had proposed prohibiting the use of tuition revenue for lobbying as well.

In offering the compromise, Mr. Kennedy stressed that it would not prevent college officials from
commenting on pending regulations or seeking additional appropriations for research or student aid.

"This strikes a good balance between prohibiting the use of federal dollars for lobbying" for earmarks
and "keeping the door open for communication with government officials," he said.

But college lobbyists say the amendment is unnecessary since federal rules already prohibit using
federal funds for lobbying. They say it would be complicated for colleges to track how they spend
every dollar they get from the federal government.

It is unclear when the reauthorization bill will be taken up by a conference committee of the U.S.
House of Representatives and Senate. The House is not expected to introduce its version of the
legislation before the August Congressional recess.

Still, higher-education lobbyists are optimistic that Congress may complete work on the higher-
education legislation this year, in part because student aid is one of the few issues on which Democrats
and Republicans tend to agree.

"It's quite possible that student aid may become one of the signature issues of the 110th Congress,"
said Terry W. Hartle, senior vice president for government and public affairs at the American Council
on Education. "It seems that Republicans and Democrats can still find common ground when it comes
to student aid, and that alone is good news."

The Columbia Daily Tribune
Senate passes bill boosting aid for college
Saturday, July 21, 2007

WASHINGTON (AP) - Maximum federal grants for low-income students would rise from $4,310 to
$5,400 a year by 2011 under legislation passed yesterday by the Senate.

College students also might find it easier to apply for government-backed loans under a bill the Senate
is planning to consider next week. That bill would simplify the federal financial aid application process
and address conflicts of interest in the student loan industry.

The legislation that passed yesterday in a 78-18 vote would cut roughly $18 billion in federal subsidies
to banks that issue government-backed student loans.

Budget rules require that more than $700 million of that savings go toward reducing the federal deficit,
but the rest would go to help students pay for college.

"This legislation does not cost the taxpayer. It saves the taxpayer because we are taking the money
from the banks and providing it for the ... students themselves," said Sen. Ted Kennedy, D-Mass.,
chairman of the Senate Education Committee.

The bill does not cut interest rates on federally backed student loans to poor and middle-class students,
something that is in a House-passed version of the bill. A House-Senate committee will have to forge
compromise legislation.

"I don‘t think we‘re going to have much trouble ... working through the differences," Kennedy said.
The bills differ in how much they would give to Pell grant recipients. Other legislation moving through
Congress, including a spending bill that passed the House on Thursday, also seeks to increase aid for
Pell grant recipients.

Both student loan bills cap annual payments for students at a percentage of their income, which is
aimed at preventing people from having to pay back more than they can afford.

Both bills also provide loan forgiveness for those who go into public service professions after 10 years
of making payments.

The legislation comes after promises Democrats made during the last election to help lower- and
middle-class students with tuition.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Congress acts to cap monthly payment for low-income borrowers with student debt
Monday, July 23, 2007

WASHINGTON — Congress is poised to make big changes to the government programs used by
millions of students to pay for college. The biggest of these for students: a cap on what low-income
borrowers have to pay back each month on their federal student loans.

Measures passed by the Senate last week — and one by the House earlier this month — come in
response to growing concerns about student debt. About two in three recent college graduates have
loan debt, and over the past decade, the average amount has grown 50 percent faster than inflation.

Meanwhile, just over the last two years interest rates have risen enough to more than double the total
interest some borrowers will eventually have to repay.

But the moves in Congress also reflect a more nuanced picture of student borrowing. The median debt
for students pursuing a bachelor's degree is about $20,000. That's a lot, but it's a level experts consider
manageable for most students, considering how much more college graduates eventually earn.

The real concern is the growing number of students piling up significantly higher debts than the
average. That trend has an indirect cost even for nonborrowers: Discouraged by high monthly
payments, talented people decide not to pursue careers in critical public service jobs such as teaching.

Congress has endorsed expanding loan repayment to anyone under an income threshold, not just those
who borrowed under the government's direct lending program. The change would expand the option
to participants in the full range of federal loan programs, including about 10 million undergraduates
with Stafford loans.

While details of the House and Senate bills need to be reconciled, both see capping monthly payments
at what students can afford. Repayment wouldn't be required until borrowers are earning 150 percent
of the poverty line, and would be capped at 15 percent of income beyond that.

Other provisions expand loan forgiveness options for public service careers, and forgive loans entirely
after 20 or 25 years of repayment.

"The principle here is if you go to college and take out a reasonable amount of federal loans, you
should be able to pursue your goals and career and life without having that debt drive your actions,"
said Luke Swarthout of the group U.S. PIRG, which lobbies for student aid.

Terry Hartle, senior vice president at the American Council on Education — an umbrella group
representing colleges and universities — says his group supports the idea but wants some details
changed in reconciliation. He notes that such programs are hard to administer because they involve
collecting financial information from borrowers.

Another downside is that, by expanding loan forgiveness, the government forfeits money it might
collect down the road.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Governors urged to set up ‘compacts’ with colleges to work to fulfill states’ economic needs
Monday, July 23, 2007

State governments, postsecondary-education systems, boards of regents, and the private sector should
collaborate in setting agendas to ensure that the work of colleges is aligned with the economic needs of
each state, according to a report presented this past weekend at the annual meeting of the National
Governors Association.

The goal of the report, "A Compact for Postsecondary Education," is to set up such compacts in each
state so colleges and universities graduate high-skilled workers and generate innovative ideas.
The overall objective is to further each state's ability to compete in the global economy with other
countries, some of which have already seen "massive efforts to link postsecondary education to the
specific innovation needs of industries and regions," the report says.

Top priorities for higher-education institutions under the proposed compacts are: producing graduates
with skills that can contribute to a state's economic competitiveness; educating elementary- and
secondary-school teachers with a focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics; creating
new knowledge through research and development; and fostering the conversion of new ideas into
marketable products.

To further those priorities, states could relieve colleges of regulations, guarantee them a certain level of
budgetary support, or even grant them financial incentives if goals were met, the report says. By the
same token, colleges could be penalized if they failed to meet expectations.

The report, paired with a second one presented this weekend, "Investing in Innovation," are elements
in a project, dubbed Innovation America, being pushed by Gov. Janet Napolitanoof Arizona, a
Democrat and the association's 2006-7 chair.

The project, Governor Napolitano said in a written statement, should help make innovation "a routine
part of policy making for the governors of today and for the leaders of tomorrow." The association's
meeting, in Traverse City, Mich., ends today.

"They do a wonderful job at the university," Gov. John E. Baldacci of Maine, a Democrat, said at one
session of the meeting, according to a report by WOOD, a television station in Grand Rapids, Mich.
"We've got to connect them better with the community and about being job-oriented. That's the
scorecard: jobs, better-paying jobs and benefits."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Program for ‘exceptional performers’ on student loans should be eliminated, government report
Friday, July 27, 2007

Washington – A federal program that rewards lenders that are designated as "exceptional performers" has
done little to improve the servicing of student loans and nothing to reduce defaults, says a report released
by the Government Accountability Office on Thursday.

The report concludes that ending the exceptional-performer program, as Congress has proposed, would
save the government $1-billion over five years and cause no harm to the student-loan program. The federal
government reimburses lenders it finds to be exceptional performers 99 cents on the dollar for loans that
go into default, 2 cents more than it pays lenders who lack the designation.

Congress created the exceptional-performer designation in 1992 as a way to bring down the cost of loan
defaults. At the time, some lenders were failing to meet the government's requirements for servicing and
collection of loans, and default rates were soaring. By creating an incentive for lenders to improve their loan
servicing and collection, lawmakers hoped to reduce the number of loans that went into default.

For several years, however, no one signed up. It was not until 2004, 12 years after the program was created,
that the first lender applied for exceptional-performer status. Since then, the program has grown rapidly,
expanding to the point that 90 percent of all guaranteed student loans now are serviced by "exceptional

But the program has failed to meet Congress's goal of bringing down defaults. From 2004 to 2006, default
claims increased from 2.8 percent to 3.7 percent of loans and from 1.8 percent to 1.9 percent of the dollar
amount of loans, says the report, "Federal Family-Education Loan Program: Eliminating the Exceptional-
Performer Designation Would Result in Substantial Savings Without Adversely Affecting the Loan

In addition, "exceptional performers" themselves told the report's authors that they did not make
"substantive changes" in their servicing of loans to obtain the designation. Reconciliation bills that have
passed both chambers of Congress include provisions to eliminate "exceptional performer" status.

While some student-loan companies would like to preserve exceptional-performer status as a marketing
tool, they are not fighting efforts to repeal it as vigorously as they are fighting attempts to slash their

John Dean, special counsel to the Consumer Bankers Association, said many lenders realize that the
program has outlived its usefulness. He said technological advances had largely done away with the
servicing problems that once plagued the student-loan industry, erasing many of the distinctions between

"Computers now are much better at making sure each account is serviced properly," he said. "It's harder to
miss a delinquency call, and it's easier to find borrowers if they move. Technology may have eclipsed
exceptional performers."

But he said he believed the program has served some purpose, contrary to the report's conclusion.
"I think when people did the initial audits, if they found problems, they corrected them," he said. "It has led
to greater internal controls on the quality of servicing."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Research universities dismayed by defense spending bill that would cap overhead
reimbursement at 20%
Friday, July 27, 2007

Washington – A provision stuck in an appropriations bill this week for the Defense Department would
place a 20-percent cap on overhead costs for competitively awarded grants from the agency.

The language, approved as part of the broader spending bill by the Appropriations Committee in the
U.S. House of Representatives on Wednesday, took university officials by surprise. It would affect only
the $1.55-billion the Defense Department spends on fundamental or basic research. Typically, about
60 percent of that money goes to universities.

The bill's restrictions come at a time when research universities already are feeling the pinch from
more than a decade of government caps on the overhead rate, which is the portion of a grant that
helps reimburse colleges for costs of facilities and administration used in carrying out sponsored
research. A 2005 study by the Council on Governmental Relations found that research institutions are
losing about $5-million annually, on average, because of limits on such reimbursements.

"If this bill were to become law, it would present a very serious problem," said Robert M. Berdahl,
president of the Association of American Universities. "There are real costs to research, and they have
to come from somewhere."

The 20-percent cap proposed in the Defense Department bill would be a sharp departure from current
rates. A 2005 review of overhead rates by The Chronicle found that the average rate at the top 100
research institutions was 51.8 percent. A rate of 52 percent means that for every dollar that a university
receives for the direct costs of a research project, it can charge the federal government as much as 52
cents more for the overhead costs associated with that research.

Each college negotiates a rate with the government that determines how much money from each grant
goes to help pay overhead costs -- the electric bill, photocopying, accounting. A complex set of rules
determines the kinds of expenses for which colleges may seek reimbursement. The overhead rate
includes two components: one for administrative costs, which is capped at 26 cents on the dollar, and
one for facilities costs, like laboratory buildings and utilities, which is uncapped.

As university research officials learned about the appropriations bill's provisions on Thursday, they
tried to calculate the resulting effect on their campuses and what they would do if the bill became law.
Randolph Hall, vice provost for research advancement at the University of Southern California,
calculated the hit to his institution at $8-million. If the cap went into effect, he said, the university
might be forced to place a lower priority on Defense Department research.

"Ultimately, this affects students," he said. "Any subsidy we provide is less money for student
programs or causes a rise in tuition. We don't think we should use tuition to subsidize DOD
[Department of Defense] research, but that's what this legislation would have us do."

Despite the prestige and the federal dollars that come with Pentagon grants, a few university officials
said that many projects would simply not be worth the cost under the proposed cap. "We would have
to be highly selective about which projects we take, or not take the projects at all," said John D. Wiley,
chancellor of the University of Wisconsin at Madison.

Mr. Wiley admitted that if prestigious universities shied away from Defense Department research, their
reaction might open the door to institutions that aspired to be top research universities, which could
land the projects because they were more willing to subsidize them.

"The genius of our system is that grants are awarded through a competitive, peer-reviewed process to
those best equipped to conduct it," Mr. Wiley said. "If it only goes to those places willing to raise
tuition to subsidize it, you're not going to get the best-quality research," he said.

The motive behind the 20-percent cap was unclear to university lobbyists on Thursday. The
Appropriations Committee's report accompanying the bill indicated that the panel had learned through
testimony and the Defense Department that the percentage of funds allocated to overhead costs had
"grown to unwarranted levels."

The appropriations bill is expected to be voted on by the full House next week. The Senate has yet to
draft its version of the bill. Because Congress is about to take its traditional August recess, the Senate is
not likely to act on its bill until September.


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