Name: _______________________________ Period: ___
Note-Taking Worksheet for “Fantastic Voyage: The Evolution of Sci-Fi” episode of
The History Channel series Time Machine (15 points)
1. Many people argue that in spite of many tales of space travel being written and
published throughout the 17th century, the first true science fiction novel was
__________________________, written by Mary Shelley in response to a
challenge among her peers to see who could write the scariest ghost story.
2. Verisimilitude, which is the quality of realism (an important component of
science fiction), was pioneered by the author __________________________,
who is also remembered for having created the modern detective fiction story, and
who wrote poetry, including the classic poem “The Raven.”
3. What things did Jules Verne accurately predict about how humans would travel
into space, about a hundred years before NASA began launching space missions?
4. What was the name of the first nuclear submarine in the U.S. Navy, named after
the submarine portrayed in Jules Verne‟s novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea?
The U.S.S. ____________________________
5. H.G. Wells‟ novel The Time Machine, which portrayed the brutish underground-
dwelling Morlocks eating the beautiful, passive Eloi, was a social parable. What
did this represent? In other words, what group of people did the Morlocks
represent and what socio-economic class of people did the Eloi represent?
The Morlocks represented the _______________ and the Eloi represented the _________
(continued on the back)
6. H.G. Wells‟ novel The War of the Worlds capitalized on people‟s interest in the
planet Mars. But it wasn‟t really about a Martian invasion of Earth. What did
Wells‟ novel The War of the Worlds allegorically represent? That is, who did the
murderously violent, oppressive, technologically superior „Martians‟ represent,
and who did the Earthlings who were being conquered symbolically represent?
The Martians were the Imperialist nations of ________________ and _______________,
which invaded and conquered people __________________ in other parts of the world.
7. In the early 1900‟s, „pulp‟ magazines helped to inspire ____________________
_________________ to create the character John Carter, and then Tarzan the
Ape-Man, in 1912. He believed he could write „rot‟ just as rotten, and
entertaining, as the stories he read in those pulps.
8. Hugo Gernsback invented the one-word term _______________________, first
used in the magazine that he started, Amazing Stories, but due to someone else
acquiring the legal rights to that term in a hostile take-over of the magazine, he
then created the term „science fiction,‟ which is the one that caught on.
9. Fritz Lang‟s film _____________________ shows a Dystopian society in the year
2026 (about one hundred years after the film was made) where workers slave
away while the rich spend their time in pleasure gardens. It is considered by many
to be the greatest science fiction movie ever made.
10. “Space opera” is science fiction that doesn‟t care about the _______________________________
of science/technology. Flash Gordon is vintage space opera (which means that it‟s from the time
when space opera really began and when it was very popular).
11. On October 30th, 1938, Orson Welles put on a radio version of
________________________________ by H.G. Wells, resulting in perhaps as
many as 1.2 million Americans panicking, believing that Martians were invading.
12. In 1938, the alien superhero __________________ debuted in an Action comic
book, the _________ was smashed (split) for the first time, and the country
__________________ began a series of aggressive actions with the takeovers of
nearby Austria and the Sudetenland, eventually leading to World War II.
(continued on the next page)
13. For this radio broadcast, the radio actor Frank Readick, who was describing what
he allegedly saw as the Martians (supposedly) killed human beings in horrific
ways, based his performance on the famous radio eyewitness reporting of Herb
Morrison from the scene of the fiery crash of the German airship called the
__________________________. (the correct answer begins with an “H”)
14. Isaac Asimov wrote a story for John Campbell about what would happen if there
was a planet whose inhabitants lived with suns constantly visible in the sky, and
never knew night-time or darkness, except every few thousand years when their
planet experienced a total solar eclipse. The title of this short story is
_________________, which is widely considered to be the best science fiction
short story ever written.
15. FBI agents showed up at the office of John Campbell of Astounding Stories
because writers publishing in that work were writing about ____________ bombs,
and the FBI was afraid that those writers knew as much as they seemed to because
the government was „leaking‟ information about their program (The Manhattan
Project) to develop this weapon for use in World War II.