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Communications_ Incident Command_ Unified Command

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					     Incident Command
    and Unified Command




                    Phone: (304) 253-8674
1293 Airport Road
                    Fax: (304) 253-7758
Beaver, WV 25813
                    E-mail: hazmat@iuoeiettc.org
This material was produced under grant number
46C5-HT16 from the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.
It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies
of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention
of trade names, commercial products, or
organizations imply endorsement by the U.S.
Government.
                     Objectives
 What it is and is not
 What it looks like
 When is it used
 Who uses it
 How it works




             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
                   Background
 September 11, 2001 identified the need to unify
  national resources in responding to domestic
  emergencies
 Issued Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5
  (HSPD-5) which:
   – Called for a National Response Plan (NRP) to
     “integrate Federal Government, domestic
     prevention, preparedness, response, and
     recovery plans into one all discipline, all
     hazards plan” under the authority of the
     Secretary of Homeland Security
   – Creation of a National Incident Management
     System (NIMS) which has the ICS/UCS as a
     component
             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
            What is ICS/UCS?
 The model tool for the command, control and
  coordination of resources at the scene of an
  emergency
 A management tool consisting of procedures
  for organizing personnel, facilities, equipment
  and communications at the scene of an
  emergency




             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
                             ICS
 A standardized on-scene emergency
  management concept
 Organization tailored to meet incidents
  demands
 One incident commander handling the
  command function as an individual with
  multiple planning inputs
 One agency has jurisdiction



            Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
                           UCS
 A standardized on-scene emergency
  management concept
 Organization tailored to meet incidents
  demands
 Multiple Command-Level personnel handling
  the Command function through mutual
  agreement over incident objectives
 More than one agency has jurisdiction



           Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
             ICS/UCS is NOT:
 A means to wrestle control or authority from
  agencies or departments that participate in a
  response
 A way to subvert the normal chain of command
  within a department or agency
 Always managed by the fire department
 Too big and cumbersome to be used in small
  events



            Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
       Agencies endorsing ICS use
 Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
 FEMA’s National Fire Academy (NFA) has adopted ICS as model for fire
  services
 FEMA’s Urban Search and Rescue Response System for on site
  management
 NFPA Standard 1405 (Land Based Firefighters responding to marine
  vessel fires)
 OSHA requires all government and private organizations that handle
  hazardous materials use ICS
 NFPA Standard 1500 states all departments establish procedures for use
  of ICS
 EPA rules require non-OSHA states use ICS at hazardous materials
  incidents
 Some States now require the use of emergency management systems
  based on ICS. New York has mandated ICS through an Executive Order.


                  Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
   How are incidents managed on
               scene
 Most emergency incidents-whether a chemical
  spill, explosion, house fire, or utility outage, or
  disasters such as tornadoes, earthquakes, or
  terrorist events-require a response from a
  variety of agencies




             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
             First Responder
 Personnel who arrive first at the scene of an
  incident and begin taking immediate actions to
  save lives, protect property and meet basic
  human needs
 Generally thought of as being from the public
  safety community, historically, it involves
  personnel at the site during the time the
  incident begins and frequently alerts public
  safety community to respond


            Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
           Second Responder
 Personnel who are summoned to the early
  phase of an incident because of:
  – A special talent, skill or trade
  – An existing aid agreement, collective bargaining
    agreement or memorandum of understanding-OR
  – Personnel assigned to the clean-up and recovery
    phase of an incident




             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
    Incident Command Structure

                           Incident
                          Command



Planning    Operations                Logistics            Finance/
 Section     Section                   Section           Administration
                                                           Section




           Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
                    Definitions



 Incident commander (IC)-is usually the highest ranking
  first responder (e.g. police, fire, etc)
 Responsibilities are to establish the command, protect
  life and property, control personnel and equipment
  resources, maintain accountability for responders and
  public safety and act as liaison to outside agencies
 As incidents develop, IC may delegate functions to
  information officer, safety officer or liaison officer



            Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
            Definitions (continued)
 Planning Section-documents status of resources and develops
  Incident Action Plan (IAP, which defines response activities and
  resource utilization)
 Operations Section-carries out the response activities defined in
  the IAP
 Logistics Section-provides the facilities, services, materials and
  personnel needed to operate equipment
 Finance/Administration Section-tracks incident costs and
  reimbursement accounting




                  Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
        Components of the ICS
 Unified Command Structure
 Modular Organization
 Integrated Communications
 Common Terminology
 Consolidated Action Plans
 Manageable Span of Control
 Pre-designated Facilities/Staging Areas
 Comprehensive Resource Mgmt


            Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
            Operations Section
 Operations Officer
  – Coordinates with Command of all strategic
    decisions
  – Develops all tactics to complete assigned objectives
  – Assignment of all line crews (fire, EMS, hazmat etc)
  – Communicates operations activities to the IC
  – Manages all resources in the staging areas




             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
 Role of Second Responder under
             ICS/UCS
 Second responders are called to the early
  phase of an incident because of:
  – Special talent, skills or trade
  – An existing mutual aid agreement, collective
    bargaining agreement, or a memorandum of
    understanding or
  – Personnel assigned to the clean-up and recovery




             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
 Role of Second Responder Under
             ICS/UCS
 Planning or Operations Section identify the
  second responder skills or services
 Logistics/Finance-Administration Section
  obtain services
 Second Responders are assigned to the
  Operations Section
  – Directly to the operation chief or
  – One of the group or
  – Division Leaders



              Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
           Unified Command
 When the magnitude of the crisis exceeds the
  resources of the local IC, and multiple
  jurisdictions are required to resolve the
  situation, ICS evolves into a Unified Command
  (UC)
 It is an expansion of the ICS
 A multi agency command post is established,
  incorporating officials with jurisdictional
  responsibilities at the incident scene


            Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
                 NETL Command Structure

         Management Emergency Response Team                                        Scene Emergency Response Team




                        EOC                                     Security                        On-Scene             Safety
                     Coordinator                              Team Leader                      Coordinator           Officer

                                                              Security Personnel



Site Support            Human
                                                  Technical                         Medical                  Chief Fire
 Contractor           Resources
                                                  Advisors                         Coordinator               Wardens
Representat          Representative
     ive

              Public             Administrative                                     Medical                   Fire
           Information             Support                                           Team                    Wardens
              Officer             Coordinator

                                                                                              HAZMAT / Rescue
                                                      Incident Evaluation Team
                                                                                                Coordinator


                                                                                              HAZMAT / Rescue
                                                                                                  Team



                               Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
                   Conclusions
 An Emergency Response Plan (ERP) for a
  facility or operation identifies how emergencies
  will be managed
 ICS is a component
 ICS can be used to manage local incidents
 And if the need arises, manage expanding
  emergencies




             Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program
This material was produced under grant number
46C5-HT16 from the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.
It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies
of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention
of trade names, commercial products, or
organizations imply endorsement by the U.S.
Government.
             END
•This publication was made possible
by grant numbers 5 U45 ES06182-13
AND 5 U45 ES09763-13 from the
National Institute of Environmental
Health Sciences (NIEHS), NIH. Its
contents are solely the responsibility
of the authors and do not necessarily
represent the official views of the
NIEHS, NIH.


      Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

				
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