Rudyard Kipling won many prestigious awards, including the Nobel Prize in Literature, 1907, and the Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Literature, 1926. He was the poet of the British Empire. George Orwell named him “the prophet of British Imperialism in its expansionist phase,” as Kipling was well known for his puzzling political views as an advocate of both Imperialism and freedom. Kipling was also described as a paternalist who believed that the household is a model for a country and its citizens. Kipling has seen many cultures at once at a young age when the Suez Canal opened, swarming with people from everywhere. Kipling was born in Bombay on December 30, 1865 (but did not stay for long). As a schoolboy, he was the editor of the school newspaper. He would later attend United Services College. As an early author, he wrote his first book, but was still noted more for his short stories. He then returned to India in 1881, and had a job with the local paper. Rudyard knew India was special, and his greatest works were set there often, like Kim (1901), about an Indian boy in the Himalayas. Other books were The Jungle Book, Collected Poems, and many political works. He married Caroline Balester in January 18, 1892. In An Undefended Island, Kipling warned about the threats Nazi Germany posed to England. After a deteriorating medical condition, Kipling died in Middlesex Hospital on January 18, 1936 from “gastritis”. As an author and poet, Rudyard Kipling is still influencing the young and old to this day.
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