Drew Harner WW1 Syllabus by liamei12345


									1. PEDLIGS
      A. People
             1. Allied Powers-U.K., France, Russia, Italy
             2. Central Powers- Ottoman Empire, Germany, Austro-Hungarian
             3. Jeannette Rankin- First woman to be elected to Congress
             4. Edward House- Chief Foreign Policy Adviser, under Wilson, that
                was sent to negotiate peaceful terms prior to American involvement
                in WW1
             5. George Creel- Head of the Committee on Public Information
             6. Bolsheviks- Russian communists
             7. American Expeditionary Force- The U.S. military force that served
                 in WW1
             8. Big Four- David L. George, Georges Clemenceau. Vittorio Orlando,
                 and Wilson
             9. David Lloyd George- Leader of the U.K.
             10. Georges Clemenceau- French leader
             11. Vittorio Orlando- Italian leader
             12. League of Nations- A prototype of the U.N.
             13. Henry Cabot Lodge- Opposing Republican to the ratification of the
                   T. of V.
             14. Reservationists- Would accept the League if certain reservations
                   were added
             15. Irreconcilables- Would not accept U.S. membership In the League
             16. Emma Goldman- A radical that spoke out against the Red Scare
      B. Events
             1. Sinking of the Lusitania- The sinking of a British passenger liner by
                 the Germans that tested American neutrality
             2. Russian Revolution- The cou d’ etat that overthrow the Russian czar
                 and introduced communism
             3. Red Scare- Anti-communist hysteria fueled by unhappiness at home
                 and fear of socialism
             4. Palmer Raids- Arrests conducted by General A. Mitchell Palmer of
                 alleged anarchists, Socialists, and labor agitators
      C. Documents
             1. Zimmermann telegram- A telegram sent from the German foreign
                 minister to Mexico, proposing that Mexico ally with Germany and
                  then Germany will help get back Mexico’s lost territories.
      D. Laws/Supreme Court Cases
             1. Espionage Act (1917)- Prevented speaking out against the war
                 effort; promised 20 years of imprisonment
             2. Sedition Act (1917)- Anyone who made disloyal or abusive remarks
                 faced imprisonment
             3. Schenck v. United States- A case that upheld the constitutionality
                 of the Espionage Act
              4. Selective Service Act (1917)- Called men out to join the war by
                  lottery; about 2.7 million chosen
              5. Treaty of Versailles- Ended World War 1
       E. Ideas
              1. Neutrality- in the U.S.’s case, isolationism. Neutrality was the act of
                  being on no one’s side during a war or conflict, therefore having no
                  ties of allegiance
              2. Submarine Warfare- Naval warfare involving a new kind of ship, the
                  submarine, an underwater vessel. The Germans used these
              3. Sussex Pledge- A pledge by the Germans that promised not to sink
                  merchant or passenger ships without giving a warning
              4, Propaganda- the use of sensationalistic stories, publications, and
                  artwork to influence a certain body of people to think a particular
              5. Preparedness- Greater defense expenditures that were called for by
                  Roosevelt and other Republicans, because they saw that the U.S.
                  was vastly underprepared for war
              6. Mobilization- the act of organizing a country’s forces and economic
                  resources for war
              7. Fourteen Points- Ideas that Wilson wanted to see achieved after the
                  war- refer to pg. 457
              8. Strikes- Union strikes, consisting of police strikes, shipyard worker
                  strikes, and U.S. Steel worker strikes
              9. Race Riots- Riots between African Americans and whites regarding
                  jobs and racial tension
       F. Government Stuff
              1. War Agencies- Agencies set up by Wilson that managed certain
                  aspects of wartime effort. For example, Herbert Hoover and the
                  Food Administration, Bernard Baruch and the War Industries.
2, Chapter 30 Outline!- THE WAR TO END WAR
       1. War by Act of Germany
              a. The Zimmermann telegram was made public, infuriating Americans
              b. Unrestricted submarine warfare influenced Wilson’s decision for
       2. Wilsonian Idealism Enthroned
              a. His wartime goal was to “make the world safe for democracy”
              b. Americans could be isolationists or crusaders, nothing in between.
                  Hmmm how interesting…
       3. Wilson’s Fourteen Potent Points
              a. Refer to pg. 688 for some points. Had numerous purposes, from
                 independence for all oppressed peoples to a foreshadowing of the
                 League of Nations
       4. Creel Manipulates Minds
              a. George Creel, head of the Committee on Public Information, helped
                  to spread propaganda and induce mass war hysteria
5. Enforcing Loyalty and Stifling Dissent
       a. Anti-German sentiments ran high, especially under the Espionage
          Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918.
6. The Nation’s Factories Go to War
       a. Mobilization of America’s economy and resources proved to be
           horrendously slow
7. Workers in Wartime
       a. Unions experienced a surge in membership, and many were
          rewarded with higher wages and better work hours, yet strikes
          were frequent
8. Suffering Until Suffrage
       a. Women’s role in with wartime production was vital to the success
           of the war, as they took the jobs of the men who left to go fight
       b. 19th Amendment ratified, and women now had the right to vote
9. Forging a War Economy
       a. Farm production increase by 25%, Americans encouraged to hold
          back on food and heating fuel
       b. Liberty bond drives!
10. Making Plowboys into Doughboys
       a. A draft was reluctantly instituted
       b. Proved to be immensely successful
11. Fighting in France- Belatedly
       a. U.S. was horridly slow with getting involved in the war
12. America Helps Hammer the “Hun”
       a. American forces prove their worth in the Second Battle of the
          Marne, in which was the beginning of a German withdrawal
13. The Fourteen Points to Disarm Germany
       a. America helped more in terms of ammunition, supplies, and morale.
          Not so much military performance
14. Wilson Steps Down From Olympus
       a. Wilson made a series of blunders that cost him his support; he
           appealed for a democratic victory in the congressional elections of
           1918, but it backfired and a Republican majority was voted in. He
            also went personally to Europe for the conference regarding the
            peace treaty, and brought along no Republicans
15. An Idealist Battles the Imperialists in Paris
       a. the “Big Four” commanded the peace terms
       b. A League of Nations was sought for establishment
16. Hammering Out the Treaty
       a. Wilson received fierce Republican backlash for his ideas regarding
           the Treaty
17. The Peace Treaty That Bred a New War
       a. Treaty of Paris established, Germany was ordered that it comply
          with the terms
18. The Domestic Parade of Prejudice
       a. Wilson received a lot of criticism and political backlash
19. Wilson’s Tour and Collapse (1919)
     a. Wilson engaged a tour to bring about support for the ratification of
        the T. o. V., and fell ill over the trip and went back to Washington
20. Defeat Through Deadlock
     a. The Treaty failed to become ratified
21. The “solemn Referendum” of 1920
     a. Harding was elected to succeed Wilson

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