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The need for Smart Specialisation strategies

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					The need for Smart Specialisation
           strategies:
«How should we position ourselves in the
       knowledge economy?»
                  Dominique Foray
     Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
                Open Days University
              Brussels, October 5, 2010
    What is Smart Specialisation?
• Not a simple industrial specialisation of Region X in
  tourism or fischeries
• But it suggests for region X to specialise in R&D and
  innovation in the sector of tourism or fischeries
• Smart specialisation provides strategies and roles for
  any regional economy
• Most advanced regions invest in the invention of
  generic technologies, others invest in the co-invention
  of applications of the generic technology in one or
  several important domains of the regional economy
                                                  Potential for
                                                  smart
                                                  specialisation
     ICT as a
     GPT
                                           Fischeries
                                           sector


ICT innovations in fischeries sector: the experience of the Dutch fisheries
innovation platform
ICT tools for the fishery industry in the Baltic Sea area
IT knowledge management for the Fish Cluster in Galicia

THE VIGO’S CONFERENCE ON
INNOVATION IN FISHERIES AREAS
(OCTOBER 19TH)
 Why is it important and timely? 1
• Europe needs more world class clusters of a
  greater size. But we want not to turn this idea
  into a mechanism of net transfer of resources to
  the most advanced regions
• Smart specialisation as a unique way to reconcile
  strong centripetal forces towards the emergence
  of world class clusters with a relatively balanced
  geographical distribution of S-T & E capacities
  accross Europe
• This way lies in the aptitude of regions to
  particularize themselves
 Why is it important and timely? 2
• Excess of duplication, increasing uniformity and a lack
  of imagination and vision in setting R&D priorities
  produce poor results in terms of the contribution of
  R&D and innovation to economic growth
• Smart specialisation is expected to produce more
  diversity than a regime in which each region creates
  the same thing in an imitative manner
• The economic logic of locational competition between
  regions is based on the scarcity of one resource: the
  agglomeration economies themselves
           How to proceed? 1
• This is an entrepreneurial process of discovery
  not a top down industrial policy
• Taxonomies
  – Re-tooling an existing industry
  – Discovering a new business activity through R&D
    and innovation
  – Extending the knowledge base
           How to proceed? - 2
• A role for policy
• Supplying incentives to entrepreneurs and other
  organisation to become involved in the discovery
  process
• Assessing the emerging specialisations (potential
  of innovation, size of the sector, connectedness)
• Identifying and supporting the complementary
  investments
• Promoting GPT networks
D.Foray, P.A. David and
B.Hall
Smart Specialisation: the
Concept 


http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/publ
ication_en.cfm

				
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posted:10/21/2011
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