Ministry of Urban Development
           Government of India
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S. JaipalReddy                                                                                          vr6fr fuq-RT
                                                                                                        MINISTER F   O
                                                                                                  U R B A ND E V E L O P M E N T
                                                                                                  G O V E R N M E NO F I N D I A

                                                        M ESSAGE

                An efficient, effective, eco-and consumer-friendlyUrban
       T r a n s p o r t a t i o n - w i t h o uw h i c h c i t i e s c a n b e c o m e i m m o b i l e - i s
       t h e n e e d o f t h e c o u n t r y i n t h i s c e n t u r y .I f t h e l o o k a n d f e e l o f
       p u b l i ct r a n s p o r ti s n o t i m p r o v e ds u b s t a n t i a l l a n d o n a n u r g e n t
       b a s i s a c r o s sv a r i o u s c i t i e s ; t o a l e v e l t h a t i t c a n b e s o l d t o
       p u b l i c a s a b r a n d e d p r o d u c t ,u r b a n m o b i l i t y s h a l l b e c o m e a
       serious ampener o the economic rowth,
              d      t

                W e , i n t h e M i n i s t r yo f U r b a nD e v e l o p m e n ta r e c o n s t a n t l y
       e x p l o r i n gd i f f e r e n t p o s s i b i l i t i e t o i m p r o v e t h e u r b a n m o b i l i t y
       a n d a c c e s s i b i l i tw h i c h w o u l d m a k e c o m m u t i n gf o r r e s i d e n t s f
       c i t i e s w i t h p o p u l a t i o no f f i v e l a k h p l u s a n d s t a t e c a p i t a l s ,t o
       s t a r t w i t h , e a s ya n d s m o o t h .

                I a m c o n f i d e n tt h a t t h i s h a n d y r e f e r e n c eo n u r b a n b u s -
       specifications ould serve the purposeof educatingpeople
       a b o u t e f f o r t s c o l l e c t i v e l yb e i n g m a d e b y t h e G o v e r n m e n t ,
       Industry and Academia to                              improve urban bus- based

                I s i n c e r e l yc o m p l i m e n tt h o s e w h o w e r e i n s t r u m e n t a li n
       s h a p i n gt h i s r e f e r e n c eb o o k l e t ,w h i c h I e a r n e s t l yh o p e w o u l d
       a s s i s t u s i n t r a n s f o r m i n g h e c i t y b u s - s e r v i c e sn c i t i e s i n o u r
                                                  t                                  i

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              N                                                    P

           T ra n sp o rts a ma j o ri ssu ein m ostcities India. ith onlyabout25 of the
                        i                                   of       W
large cities offeringsome form of organized                city bus service,most other cities
d e p e r r do n i n fo rma li n te rme d i atepublictr anspor l facilities. the lar ge cities ,
limitecJ    supplyand poor qualityof servicehas resultedin declinein patronage              of
Publicl-ransport        and led to largescalemotorization, a result,the
                                                                   As             problerns of
congestion,safety and pollutionhave become acute, besides adding global
w a r m i n gth ro u g hi n cre a se d G em issions.
                                       GH                  Despiteincr easing  investm ents in
road infrastructure,        clean fuel policies,and the construction flyovers,lravel
c o n d i t i o n s r a n a ve ra g e ci ti z en r em ain a concer n.Fur ther ,planningand
development road infrastructure,                   regulations private or public vehicles,
licensing       procedures,    and operations statetrarrsport
                                                   of                 undertakingscontinueto
be  d o n e i n p i e ce -me a l ra n n e a nd in isolation,
                               n          r                 whichalsoadd to the pr oblem.

2.     Inrprovedpublic transportservices are necessaryto anreliorate      tl-rese
problerns bus systemplaysa majorrole in all the motorized
          as                                                trips in any c;ityas
per the global experience.However,most of tlre City/ State Road Transport
LJndertakings operating a fare based revenuemodel have neitherbeett in a
positionto meet the demand nor the servicequality. They have also nr:t set
ratesat a levelto meettheircost of operations.Accordingly, city bus service,
the buses are procuredor permittedwhich can be sustainedfrom fare box
revenuealone, resulting buses that are not passenger
                          in                            friendly.The dernand
from tlre averagepassengeris in terms of qualityof service,safety, reliability,
efficiencyand comfort.Thus there is a mismatchbetweenthe expectations       and
the actual availability publictransport. Therefore, would be essentialthat
                      of                            it
qualitybuses are introduced city trarrsport.
                             for              This would not only change the
mind set of peopleaboutbusesbut also help in improving imageof the city.

3"         U n fo rtu n a te li y In d i a ,th er e is har dlyany advancem ent this fieldeven
                                n                                              in
after 60       years of indepenclence.The present city buses (public or private)
c o n t i n u eto su ffe r fro m p o o r b rand im age, m ostly r em ain non user fr iendly,
c o n t i n u eto b e e rg o n o mi ca l lp oor ly designed,unfit for physically
                                              y                                      challenge d
persons,fuel inefficient,           non ITS enabledand low on          passengercomfort.\A/ith
t h e f o c u s o n h a vi n g a re sp o nsivepublic tr anspor tand passengerfr iendly
facilities,through these urban bus specifications, is intendedto lay down
minimumrecommended                 specifications                                   irrtroduction
                                                       acrossthe countryto facilitate
of ITS enabledmoderncity bus servicein citiesso that the idea can be sold to
the publicas a brandedproductand peoplecatt take pride in travelingby ptrblic
t r a n s p o r t.B ro a d l y d e rnb u sesshouldbe sleekand er gonomically
                              mo                                                      designed,
slrould facilitatelevel boarding and                   alighting,have comfortableseating and
suspension,         advancedpassengerinformation                system, vehicle information and
trackingsystems,          shouldbe passenger            and disabledfriendlyand have electronic
fare collection,      amongotherrequirements.

                                          l'age I of 3
tl       One of the immediate             questionswhichworildcome to everybody's        mind is
whethersuch specifications               wouldturn out to be costlyand henceunsustainable.
W h a ti s pe rh a p s q u i re ds, a par adigm
                       re              i             shiftin the wholethinking    towar dspubli c
transport.While the fares needto be reasonable, intention not to
                                                               the            is       int;rease
the fares. In fact a two              prongedstrategyis required introduce
                                                                     to            such modern
b u s e so n su sta i n a b l b a si s, n e to augment evenue om
                               e          o              r          fr   sour ces          far
                                                                                   besides e s
and second, re(.uce costof thesebusesas well as publictransport
                   to           the                                                     through
eitlrer  waivingoff or drastically          reducing taxesat the
                                                    the                Stateleveland city level.
The State Governments                  and the urban local bodiesshould set up a dedicated
urban transport       fund as envisaged the NationalUrbanTransportPolicy-2006
to not only      meet the investment          needsfor urbantransport                   br-rt
                                                                         infrastruciure also
to help in keepingthe fares low. In fact,the city leveldedicated                 urbantransport
fund can also be        used to set up a fare contingency          fund to meet the difference
betweenpublicfare and the technical               fare payable the privateoperator(for the
o p e r a t io n a l sta i n a b i l i ty).

5.        T h e reh a s to b e a p a ra digm shiftin the institutional echanism well a s
                                                                     m            as
for the operation and managementsystem for the city                     bus service. The
investrnent      requirements introduction modernITS enabledbuses are of the
                                 for               of
o r d e ro f R s. 3 8 ,0 0 0cro re i n th e 11il'Five Year Plan. As such,while continued
participation the said transportundertakings
                   of                                        could be envisagedto some
extent,considering          the magnitude investment
                                              of             requirement, ottly way to
establishan adequate and efficientmodern ITS                   enabled bus transportation
system in the city is to make investments such a system attractive the
                                                       in                            for
privatesector and to rely on public-private            partnership.This can be done by
setting standards serviceand layingdown tfrefar,es
           the               of                                     that are affordable  and
biddingout the routes. The             publicprivatepartnership   should be irr the form of
settingup of professional         umbrella   publicbodiesthat have the capacityto make
scientific    assessment the demandon variousroutesand contract
                              of                                                services that
can be properlynronitored.These umbrellapublicbodies                   should also manage
common facilitieslike bus stations,bus depots, terminals,central office and
controlcentre etc. and providefor the maintenance                         wl-tich
                                                                facilities,      the private
p l a y e r s ca n u se o n p a yme nt basis. Such um br ellabodies should hav e
representation        from all the major operatorsand stake holders includingtraffic
6.              presentpermitsystemonly promotespennywar on the road and has
n6 in-builtmechanism qualitycontrol,adherence safetystandards,
                               for                           to                  taking
care of passenger comfort etc. As such, the bus operations                need to be
corporatisedthrough concessionsbeing awarded to bidders whcl have a
minimumfleet size, say 25 buses. For efficientoperationsas well as cross
s u b s i d iza ti o n , n u mb e r o f ro utes need to be bundledfor bidding. Sm al l
operators      can participate forming cooperatives, that they can fr'rlfill
                                     by                      so                     the
                                                                              or public
criterion minimumsize of ileet. Whetheronpublicprivatepartnership
sectormodel,the city transportshouldbe managed               by a SPV which looks after

                                          I'age2 of 3
    only the city transport. The existingroutes will also need
                                                                          to rationalizecl
   freslr time table got prepared. All ihese information
                                                                    would need to be made
   a v a i l a b l e p u b l i cth ro u g l rd ynamicand staticpassenger
                   to                                                    infor m ationsysr em .
   There shorrldalso be an effectiveand ongoing mechanism
                                                                           of getting regular
   feedbackfrom the bus passengers ,eruices,quality,
                                                   on                 need for irnprovernent
   etc The studiesfor any routerationalization,             preparation DpRs etc. would be
   eligible supportup to B0% of the total "ori "r grant (so%
                                                                            in case of DpRs)
   from Ministry of Urban Development,                 Governrnentof India under the new
   s c h e n r e f u rb a ntra n sp o rt l a n ning.
                o                       p

  T Thoughthese bus specifications     envisageonly low floor/semi floor buses
  to facilitatelevel boardingand alighting cas" tr "ity bus service
                                           in                         and tsRTS,
  certainBRTS may have specificrequirements     which may permiteven high floor
  buses,if the BRTS is a closedsystemand is similarto
                                                          the metro railwaywnere
  the rollingstock movesonly in the fixedcorridors.

  B'       A s a l re a d yb ro u g h to u t i n m y D.o. letterNo.K- 14011/3g/2a07- uT dated
  25'10'2007to all Chief Secretaries,               these specificationshave been drafteclby
  M o U Di n co n su l ta ti ow i th S IA M,llT Delhi,
                                n                         nnnt Pune,M/s Ur banMassTr ansit
 Contpany,and some of the companies/ corporations                        associatedwith bus
 o p e r a t i o n s, z. IC T S L /In d o re , IM TS/Delhi, gM fClgangalor e
                   vi                       D                                 and all t6e bus
 manufacturers India.While,framingthesespecificationrl
                       in                                                .rru has been taken
 thal Bus Body code framedby Minisiryof Road -fransport
                                                                         and Highwaysis not
9'       he commentsreceivedfrom variousStatesand stake holders,in writing
as well as during the Conference 16thJanuary,2008 in Delhi, Ministry
                                 on                                     of
Heavy Industries,Governmentof India, Departrnent Road Transporl
                                                 of                  and
Highways,Governmentof India have also been suitably incorporated.  Some
commonstandardspecifications urbanbusesurouldhelp in bringing
                             for                                down the
cost of modern buses to enable providinghigh quality publiJ trinsport
affordable cost.

10' We do hope and expect that these Urban Bus Specificatiorrs   though
recommendatory nature,will be adoptedby all the Statesand citiesfor city
bus serviceand also for all new procurements view of the need to provide
q u a l i t y u b l i c n sp o rt
            p          tra      syste ms n all cities
                                       i            .
                                                             ( Dr .M. Ram achar r dr an)
D a t e d1 t t - 1 1 - 0 8                                       Gover nm ent India

                                        l)age of 3
                        Government of India
                   Ministry of Urban Development
                     Urban Transport Division


Sl.   Parameters    Details                                 Recommended Specifications

                                            Standard Bus( Type I Bus as       Mini / Midi Buses
                                            per AIS 052 )

1     Doors         Minimum Width of              1. At least one door will   Mini 650mm
                    Service Doors                    be 1200 mm ( to          Midi 800 mm ( length 8
                                                     facilitate easy access   m)
                                                     for physically           Layout to maximise the
                                                     challenged persons)      standee passenger
                                                     and the other door           • Doors mandatory
                                                     could be 650mm               • Type of Door
                                                  2. Doors mandatory                  opening :
                                                  3. Type of Door                     Preferably in
                                                     opening : Preferably             swinging
                                                     in swinging

2     Windows       Minimum Width of        550 mm                            450 mm
                    Windows (clear vision

                    Minimum Height of       550 mm                            450mm

                    Type of Window          The window panes shall be         The window panes shall be
                                            sliding type for all buses        sliding type for all buses
                                            except AC buses. In AC            except AC buses. In AC
                                            buses there shall be provision    buses there shall be
                                            for adequate ventilation in       provision for adequate
                                            case of AC failure                ventilation in case of AC

    3   Guard Rails                                −   All School buses              −   All School buses
                                                       shall be provided                 shall be provided
                                                       with minimum of two               with minimum of
                                                       guard rails                       two guard rails
                                                   −   The first guard rail          −   The first guard rail
                                                       shall be provided at a            shall be provided at
                                                       height of 75 mm from              a height of 75 mm
                                                       the lower window sill             from the lower
                                                   −   The distance between              window sill
                                                       two guard rails shall         −   The distance
                                                       be 75 to 100 mm.                  between two guard
                                                   −   Guard rail for other              rails shall be 75 to
                                                       types of buses may                100 mm.
                                                       not be provided if the        −   Guard rail for other
                                                       lower edge of the                 types of buses may
                                                       window sill is at least           not be provided if
                                                       200 mm above the                  the lower edge of
                                                       uncompressed top of               the window sill is
                                                       the seat cushion                  at least 200 mm
                                                   −   Guard Rails are not               above the
                                                       applicable for ACX                uncompressed top
                                                       buses                             of the seat cushion
                                                                                     −   Guard Rails are not
                                                                                         applicable for ACX

    4   Emergency     No. of Emergency         At least 1 Emergency doors/       At least 1 Emergency
        Exits         Exits &                  Exits or apertures                doors/ Exits or apertures
                      Dimension(min.)          Dimension –1250 mm x 550          Dimension –1250 mm x
                                               mm                                550 mm
                                               (for emergency window –             (for emergency window -
                                                         - min 4000 cm2               - min 4000 cm2

    5   Steps         Maximum Height of        400 mm                            400 mm
                      first step from ground

                      Maximum Height of        250 ( 300 if door behind rear     250 ( 300 if door behind
                      Other Steps              axle) mm max for Type – I         rear axle) mm


 6     # Maximum       The floor height shall     650 mm ( 35 % of total floor     650 mm in the entrance
       Floor Height    be measured at any one     area min. ) or 400 mm ( 35       area (35 % of standee
                       of the service doors of    % of total floor area)           area of floor area)
                       the vehicle in unladen
                       condition ( reference
                       point to be specified by
                       the manufacturers)
 7     Gangway         Minimum Height             1900 mm                          1750 mm (for standee)
                                                                                   1500 mm (for non-standee)
                       Minimum Width              450 mm                           450 mm
                                                                                   300 mm (for non-standee)
 8     Seats           Seat Layout                1x 1 or 2x0 in low floor area    2x1
                                                  2x2 in the higher floor area     2x2 (for non-standee bus)
                       Seating Area/Space Per     400x350 mm (AIS 052)             400x350 mm (AIS 052)
                       Passenger (Total Width
                       X Depth)
                       Seat spacing               650 mm - Type I                  As per AIS 023
                       ( AIS 023 )

#       For special applications like Bus Rapid Transit System where “closed system of operation is planned,
high floor buses may be used with the overall aim of providing level boarding and alighting by raising the floor
height of bus stations.

 9     Destination     Minimum No. of              Min. Height of Destination      Min. Height of Destination
       Board           Destination Board          Board: 220 mm                    Board: 220 mm
                       in line with AIS 052       Min. width of Destination        Min. width of Destination
                                                  Board : 1800 mm for front &      Board : 800 mm
                                                  900 mm for rear and service
                                                  door side.                        – Location front top left
                                                   – Location front top left       hand corner
                                                  hand corner

                       Illumination of            Required                         Required
                       destination board

                       Internal Destination       Required                         Required
 10    Pad Material                               In line with AIS 052 :            In line with AIS 052 :
                                                  preferably no padding (plastic   preferably no padding
                                                  moulding seats )                 (plastic moulding seats )


11   Upholstery                                  In line with AIS 052 :         In line with AIS 052 :
                                             preferably no padding (plastic     preferably no padding
                                                    moulding seats )           (plastic moulding seats )
12   Other          Headrest                 Not required                     Not required
                    Stanchion                As per ECE R 36 ( AIS 046        As per ECE R 36 ( AIS 046
                                             to be aligned)                   to be aligned)
                    Seat Arm                 Not required                     Not required

                    Magazine Pouch           Not required                     Not required

                    Individual Seat Row      Not required                     Not required

                    Air Conditioning         Optional                         Optional

                    Reading Lights           Not required                     Not required

                    Cabin Luggage Carrier    Not required                     Not required

                    Audio visual system in   Required                         Required
                    line with AIS 052
13   Standing                                To be determined on the basis
     Capacity                                of seat layout as per the bus
14   Sitting /                               Not required                     Not required
15   Power                                   Required                         Required
16   Transmission                                •  Automated manual              •  Automated manual
     i.e.                                           gear shift / power               gear shift / power
     Automatic /                                    assisted gear shift /            assisted gear shift /
     Manual                                         automatic                        automatic
                                                    transmission /                   transmission /
                                                    manual-Optional                  manual - optional
17   Seat Belts                              Not required other than driver   Not required other than
     Requirement                                                              driver

18   Anti Lock                         Not required                            Not required
19   Suspension                        Air suspension                       Normal suspension
     type for Front                    (In BRT buses the level of
     / Rear                            floor should be same
                                       irrespective of load using any
                                       technology )
20   Acceleration                      Acceleration – 1 m/sec/sec in    Acceleration – 1 m/sec/sec
                                       full load (Max for passenger,    in full load (Max for
                                       min for design)                  passenger, min for design)
                                       0-30 kmph in 10 sec or less      0-30 kmph in 10 sec or
                                       Max Speed : 30-90 kmph           Max Speed: 30-90 kmph

21   Engine                            Optional ( can be decided by     Optional (can be decided
     Location                          the manufacturer)                by the manufacturer)
22   Side Facing                       Optional                              Optional
23   Door Closing
     Requirements                      Mandatory                               Mandatory
     for Bus
24   Fire                              Required                                  Required
25   Gear Shifting    Column / Floor   Column or floor                       Column or floor
26   Kneeling                          Optional (where provided,               Not required
     requirements                      kneel down height – 200 mm)
27   Approach                           Min. 8O                                  Min. 8O
     Angle (Min)
28   Departure                         Min. 8O                                    Min. 8O
29   Passenger
     Compartment                       1900 mm in non low floor         1750 mm (for standee)
     Internal                          area                             1500 mm (for non standee)
     Height (Rear                      (1700 mm in case of rear
     Axle Floor                        saloon area of Rear Engine
     Area)                             bus)

30   Type of Floor   Sloping / Plain           Sloping or plain                       Sloping or plain
                                               (Plain – not applicable to low    (Plain – not applicable to
                                               floor buses)                           low floor buses
31   Steps on        Yes / No                  optional                         optional
32   Maximum                                   Max. 6% ( As per AIS 052)        Max. 6% ( As per AIS 052)
     Floor Slope
33   Low Floor       (% of total floor area)   35 %                                        35 %
34   Floor Surface                                Anti Skid floor surface         Anti Skid floor surface
35   Requirement     Wheel Chair Anchoring       In bus with 400 mm floor              Not required
     for passenger                                        height
     with limited    Priority Seats                      At least 2                      At least 2
     mobility        Stop Request                    On every pillar                   On every pillar
                     Manual Ramp                  1. Required for bus with      For 650 mm floor height
                                                      400 mm floor height       ramp required to enable
                                                  2. For 650 mm floor           wheel chair entry from
                                                      height ramp required      BRT station at 400 mm
                                                      to enable wheel chair     platform
                                                      entry from BRT
                                                      station at 400 mm
36   Life cycle      Drive Train               Life of bus – 10 years or as     Life of bus – 10 years or as
     Requirements    Body Structure            mandated by local legislation         mandated by local
                                               -AMC by Manufacturers / as                legislation
                                                 per manufacturer’s             - AMC by Manufacturers/
                                                 recommendations                   as per manufacturer’s
                                               - Refurbishing of body every        recommendations
                                                 5 years                        - Refurbishing of body
                                               - Change of drive train at          every 5 years
                                                 500, 000 km                    - Change of drive train at
                                                                                   500, 000 km

37   ITS Related     Ticketing                 Bus architecture should be       Bus architecture should be
     Requirements                              compatible with ITS              compatible with ITS

                     Smart Card                          Required                        Required

                     Passenger Information                Required                        Required
                     Systems                           (Audio-visual)                  (Audio-vidual)
                     Vehicle Tracking          Bus architecture should be       Bus architecture should be
                     Systems                   compatible with vehicle          compatible with vehicle
                                               tracking system                  tracking system

38   Lighting             (Fog lamp to be categorically   (Fog lamp to be
                          provided in Northern region     categorically provided in
                          buses ) As per AIS 052          Northern region buses ) As
                                                          per AIS 052
39   Crash-                      As per CMVR                     As per CMVR
40   Warning
                                 As per CMVR                    As per CMVR
41   Driver’s
                             As per Bus Body Code           As per Bus Body Code
                                    AIS:052                        AIS:052
42   Rear View                   As per CMVR                    As per CMVR
     Mirrors                  (AIS:001 & AIS:002)            (AIS:001 & AIS:002)
43   Safety Glass                As per CMVR                    As per CMVR


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