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Fundamentals of Wireless Systems _ Networks

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									Fundamentals of Wireless Systems and Networks
Duration: 5 days

Overview
This unique, fast-track course has been designed to meet the needs of staff wanting a broad understanding of a
range of modern wireless communications systems and networks. The course provides a solid understanding of
wireless networks, technologies, protocols, and a comprehensive, vendor-neutral coverage of wireless solutions and
supporting technologies, including RF, microwave, HF/UHF, GSM, GPRS, EDGE, UMTS (3G), CDMA, W-CDMA,
TETRA trunk mobile networks, 802.11 Wi-Fi Wireless LANs, Wireless WANs, WiMAX networks, 4G and 5G
networks, Bluetooth and ZigBee.
The course begins with an overview of the motivations for wireless communications, and a review of the technical
constraints of wireless communications. Delegates learn how radio communications works, and examine the
challenges and new developments in fundamental wireless technologies. The course then examines the leading
technologies and protocols used in modern radio systems and wireless networks.

Who should attend?
This course is ideal for anyone wanting a solid understanding of the broad range of wireless communications
systems used around the World today, including:
         Developers of wireless products and services
         Technical sales and marketing professionals
         Staff responsible for technical testing of wireless equipment
         Wireless communications engineers
         Mobile communications engineers
         Radio engineers.


Delegate Pre-requisites
Delegates are required to meet the following pre-requisites:


         Delegates should have existing experience in telecommunications or data networking prior to attending this
          course.


Course Objectives
At the end of the course, delegates will be able to:

                                                                      Describe spread spectrum technologies,
         Understand and explain the fundamental                       multiplexing and modulation technologies,
          principles of a range of wireless communications             including FHSS, DSSS, PBCC and OFDM
          systems.
                                                                      Understand and explain the concepts behind 1G,
         Understand and apply the essential concepts of               2G, 2.5G, 3G, 4G and 5G networks.
          Radio Frequency (RF) technology, including RF
                                                                      Understand and explain the modern wireless
          planning, RF-related calculations and spread
                                                                       network architectures, including Cellular Mobile
          spectrum technologies.
                                                                       Communications, Wireless LAN, Wireless PAN,
         Understand some of the fundamental problems                  Hot Spots, Mesh, Wireless WAN, Roaming, Voice
          and constraints of wireless systems, and apply               and Multi-Media over Wireless
          these to problem analysis and troubleshooting of
          wireless networks.                                 Describe the architecture and operation of the following
         Understand the essentials of radio frequency       wireless networks at a technical level:
          (RF) propagation, Fresnel Zone, and more.                   Global System for Mobile communications - GSM
         Understand the design and operation of wireless             General Packet Radio Service - GPRS
          radio hardware and antenna.
                                                                      Universal Mobile Telecommunications System -
         Understand the sources, causes and effects of                UMTS
          RF interference, and techniques for mitigating
                                                                      Terrestrial Trunked Radio - TETRA
          against interference.
                                                                      IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs - Wi-Fi
         Describe the rules governing wireless operation
                                                                      IEEE 802.16 - WiMAX
          in the licensed and license-exempt bands, to
          comply with local radio regulations.                        IEEE 802.15.1 - Bluetooth
         Understand and explain the roles of modulation,             IEEE 802.15.4 - ZigBee
          multiplexing, coding (including Block, RS, Viterbi          Understand the security issues with 802.11
          decoding), puncturing, and more.                             WLANs, and the security countermeasures that
         Describe the mainstream media and multiple                   are available.
          access schemes used in modern wireless
          networks, including FDMA, TDMA and CDMA            Describe the security mechanisms used in GSM, GPRS,
                                                             UMTS, TETRA, Wi-Fi, WiMAX, Bluetooth and ZigBee
                                                             wireless networks.




Courses can also be tailored to meet the specific needs of your company and can be run on-site. If
you would like any further information, please do not hesitate to email training@iscnet.co.uk
Course Content

Essential principles of radio communications               Wireless Network Architectures
        Electromagnetic radiation                                 Defining 1G, 2G, 2.5G, 3G, 4G and 5G networks
        Review of RF bands                                        Wireless LAN
        Radio propagation principles                              Wireless PAN
        Super heterodyne receiver                                 Hot Spots
        RF propagation                                            Mesh networking
        Free Space Path Loss (FSPL)                               Wireless WAN
        Reflection, Refraction, Diffraction, Absorption           Roaming between wireless networks
        Multipath effects                                         Voice and Multi-Media over Wireless
        Multipath Rayleigh fading                         Mobile Radio System Fundamentals
        Delay spread                                              Cellular radio systems
        Frequency-selective fading                                Frequency reuse
        Fresnel Zones                                             Handoff
Radio Frequency Equipment and Transmissions                        Near-far problem
        The basics of radio                                       Coverage evaluation
        Radio antennas                                            Capacity and quality of service
         -     Omni-directional                            Overview of Current Cellular Standards
         -     Semi-directional                                    NMTS
         -     Highly-directional                                  AMPS, TACS,
        Dipole, patch, yagi, grid, parabolic                      D-AMPS
        Cables and connector usage requirements                   GSM
        Amplifiers, attenuators, lightning arrestors,             TDMA, IS-136
         splitters                                                 CDMA, IS-95
        Spread Spectrum technologies: FHSS, DSSS,                 WCDMA
         PBCC, OFDM                                        Fundamentals of GSM
        WLAN data rates and ranges                                GSM features and services
        RF channels                                               The GSM Architecture
        Channel reuse                                             GSM in operation
        Interference                                              Attaching to the network
        Common Causes of RF Interference                          GSM MO and MT calls
        Signal Range                                              Overview of the GSM Air Interface
        System Operating Margin (SOM)                             Circuit-Switched Data (CSD)
        What are Hidden Nodes?                                    High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data (HSCSD)
        What is the Near/Far issue?                               Short Message Service (SMS)
Modulation and Performance                                         Unstructured Supplementary Services Data
        Comparison of modulation techniques                        (USSD)
        Types of modulators and demodulators              Fundamentals of GPRS
        BPSK, QPSK, MPSK, pi/4-QPSK                               Drivers for mobile data
        QAM                                                       Features and applications of GPRS
        BFSK, MFSK                                                GPRS architecture and operation
        Performance of modulations over fading                    GPRS and the Internet
         channels                                                  GPRS protocol architecture
        Antenna and space diversity                               EDGE and E-GPRS
        Multi-antenna array to improve bandwidth                  GPRS in 3G networks
         efficiency                                                Current GPRS services
        BLAST                                                     GPRS products and applications
        MSK-type signals: SQPSK, MSK, GMSK                        Blackberry
        Adjacent channel interference                     Fundamentals of 3G and UMTS
Information Theory                                                 What defines 3G networks?
        Shannon's equation                                        What is iMode?
        Why code?                                                 What is UMTS?
        Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing                The role of UMTS as a 3G System
         (OFDM)                                                    Services offered by UMTS Systems
        Coding Techniques                                         Evolving services from GSM and GPRS to UMTS
        Block and Reed-Solomon coding                             The Virtual Home Environment (VHE)
        Interleaving                                              Wideband CDMA (W-CDMA)
        Viterbi algorithm                                         UMTS Radio Access Network (UTRAN)
        Trellis coding                                            Latest developments with UMTS
        Convolutional coding                                      IMT-2007
        Turbo coding                                              HSDPA Fundamentals (UMTS Rel 5)
        Continuous Phase Modulation, CPM                          HSUPA Fundamentals (UMTS Rel 6)
Fundamental Multiple Access Schemes
        FDMA
        TDMA
        CDMA
        CSMA
        PRMA




Courses can also be tailored to meet the specific needs of your company and can be run on-site. If
you would like any further information, please do not hesitate to email training@iscnet.co.uk
Course Content Continued

Fundamentals of TETRA                                          IEEE 802.11f Inter-Access Point Protocol (IAPP)
      Overview of Trunk Mobile Communications                 802.11 Power management
      Trunking concepts                                       RTS/CTS
      Overview of iDEN                                        Packet fragmentation
      Overview of Tetrapol
      Introduction to TETRA technology                Wireless LAN Security
      Operational TETRA systems and equipment                 Types of wireless network attacks
      TETRA Features and Services                             War Driving - how easy is it?
      Voice and Data services                                 Netstumbler, Kismet, Airsnort
      Circuit-switched data                                   Wireless packet sniffers and analysers
      IP packet data                                          Wired Equivalence Privacy (WEP)
      Short Data Service, SDS                                 Configuring WEP
      Voice coding                                            The problems with WEP
      Direct Mode Operation (DMO)                             Effective wireless security solutions
      Spectral efficiency                                     What is IEEE 802.1x?
      TETRA Architecture                                      What is EAP?
      BS, LSC, MSC, LS, MT, TE                                RADIUS / AAA authentication
      TM Air Interfaces                                       What is TKIP?
      Direct Mode Air Interface                               Cisco LEAP
      Gateway and Repeater stations                           EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and PEAP
      Spectrum allocations and channel assignments            Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) v1
      Physical and Logical channels                           WPA v2 / IEEE 802.11i
      TDMA structure                                          Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
      Medium Access Control sublayers                         VPN-based security solutions
      Logical Link Control layer                              Issues with VPNs and wireless LANs
      Frame, slot and burst structures
      TETRA voice coding                              Fundamentals of WiMAX
      TETRA and Data Networks                                WiMAX applications
      TETRA IP                                               WiMAX implementation scenarios
      TETRA over IP (ToIP) solutions                         WiMAX in LOS and NLOS environments
      TETRA authentication, encryption and End-to-           WiMAX market opportunities
       End encryption                                         WiMAX vendor and market review
                                                              Market size, rate of growth
Introduction to Wireless LANs                                 Review of leading WiMAX equipment vendors
         The Wireless LAN industry                           Current WiMAX deployments
         Wireless LAN applications                           The role of IEEE 802.16
         Organisations and Vendors                           WiMAX versus IEEE 802.20 (MBWA)
         FCC and ETSI rules for RF                           802.16 Connections and Layers
         Worldwide frequency ranges and channels             The Standards organisations:
         IEEE 802.11 family of standards                            -   IEEE
         IEEE 802.11a, b, g, Pre-n                                  -   ETSI
         Wi-Fi Alliance standardisation                             -   WiMAX Forum
         Access Points, Service Sets                         Current 802.16 standards
         SSID, BSSID                                                -   802.16
                                                                     -   802.16a
         The Distribution System (DS)
                                                                     -   802.16-2007 (802.16)
         Wireless stations (STA)
                                                                     -   802.16c
         Client devices and accessories                             -   802.16e
         SOHO Wi-Fi networks                                        -   802.16f
         Wireless Residential gateways                              -   802.16i
         Wireless Repeaters                           Overview of IEEE 802.16
         Wireless LAN switches                               Physical network architecture
         Wireless Routers                                    Protocol architecture
         Enterprise Wireless Gateways                        PHY layer
         Enterprise Encryption Gateways                      PMD layers
         Voice over Wi-Fi (VoWiFi) systems                   MAC layer
         Wireless Bridges                                    Higher protocol layers
         Wireless workgroup bridges                          10-66GHz bands
Wireless Ad Hoc Networks                                      802.16a extension for 2-11GHz bands
         Ad Hoc WLAN concepts                                Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
         IBSS processes                                       (OFDM)
         Creating and using an Ad Hoc network                Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access
802.11 MAC Layer                                               (OFDMA)
         Joining a wireless LAN                              Adaptive modulation
         Beacons, Passive Scanning, Active Scanning          Physical Layer for 10-66GHz
          (Probing)                                           Physical Layer for 2-11GHz
         Authentication                                      Time Division Duplexing (TDD)
         Association                                         Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD)
         Dynamic Rate Selection (DRS / ARS)                  WiMAX Mobility - 802.16e
         Roaming in a wireless network

Courses can also be tailored to meet the specific needs of your company and can be run on-site. If
you would like any further information, please do not hesitate to email training@iscnet.co.uk
Course Content Continued

                                                      Fundamentals of ZigBee
802.16 Physical and MAC Layers                              What is ZigBee?
        Downlink Data Path                                 Networking capabilities
        Uplink Data Path                                   Data rates, ranges
        Radio Aspects                                      Target markets and applications
        Space Time Coding (STC)                            ZigBee Standards and technology
        Adaptive Antenna Systems (AAS)                     IEEE WPAN standards overview
        Multiple Inputs, Multiple Outputs (MIMO)           ZigBee Frequencies and channels
        Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA)            Power levels
        The WiMAX MAC Layer                                Antenna
        Convergence Layers                                 802.15.4 PHY
        Roles of ATM and IP                                802.15.4 MAC layer
        WiMAX frame formats                                Addresses
        Starting up a Subscriber Station                   CSMA/CA MAC scheme
        WiMAX Quality of Service (QoS)                     Beacons
        Current WiMAX VoIP solutions                        Scanning
        The WiMAX security architecture                    Association
                                                            Data transfer
Fundamentals of Bluetooth                                   ZigBee topologies and applications
      The role of Bluetooth                                Point-to-point topology:
      Bluetooth standards                                  Star topology:
      Applications for Bluetooth, Bluetooth usage          Cluster tree
       models                                               Wired integration:
      The Bluetooth protocol architecture                  Roaming and bridging to other networks
      Frequency band and RF channels                       ZigBee Upper layer protocols
      Bluetooth frequency hopping                          ZigBee Security
      The Packet format                                    ZigBee security modes
      SCO links and ACL links, data rates                  ACL
      Device addressing                                    Data encryption
      Controller states, Access procedures
      Piconets, Scatternets                          Review of Wireless Systems Security
      Bluetooth Security:                                   Security measures built into:
             -    Authentication, Encryption                       -    GSM
      Example Bluetooth hardware                                  -    GPRS
                                                                   -    UMTS
      Bluetooth antenna designs
                                                                   -    802.11 Wi-Fi networks
      Size constraints
                                                                   -    Wi-Fi war driving
      Interference and Co-existence with other ISM                -    ASLEAP
       band users                                                  -    Bluetooth
                                                                   -    Bluetooth exploits, Bluesnarfing, etc




Courses can also be tailored to meet the specific needs of your company and can be run on-site. If
you would like any further information, please do not hesitate to email training@iscnet.co.uk

								
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