Exam 4 Version A by stariya


									AP U.S. History
                                           EXAM #4 (Chapters 23-30)
                                                 Version A

Select the best answer for each question; record that answer on your own sheet of paper. Do not write on this

1. President James A. Garfield was assassinated

[A] by a political anarchist.
[B] because he opposed civil-service reform.
[C] by a deranged, disappointed office seeker.
[D] as a result of his service in the Civil War.
[E] because he was a Stalwart Republican.

2. One of the most significant aspects of the Interstate Commerce Act was that it

[A] failed to prohibit some of the worst abuses of big business, such as pools and rebates.
[B] revolutionized the business system.
[C] represented the first large-scale attempt by the federal government to regulate business.
[D] invoked the Constitution’s interstate commerce clause.
[E] actually did nothing to control the abuses of big business.

3. Which of the following provides the least valid support for the theory that the frontier served as a “safety
valve” for American social discontent and economic conflict?

[A] Farmers frequently migrated after earning a profit from the sale of land.
[B] Free western land attracted many immigrant farmers who might have crowded urban job markets.
[C] Western cities became places of opportunity for failed farmers and easterners alike.
[D] The possibility of westward migration encouraged eastern employers to pay higher wages.
[E] Eastern city dwellers headed west to get free homesteads during depressions.

4. Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippine Islands except

[A] it would violate the “consent of the governed” philosophy of the Declaration of Independence.
[B] the Filipinos wanted freedom, not colonial rule.
[C] despotism abroad might lead to despotism at home.
[D] the islands were still rightfully Spain’s, for they were taken after the armistice had been signed.
[E] annexation would propel the United States into the political and military cauldron of the Far East.

5. The Knights of Labor believed that republican traditions and institutions could be preserved from corrupt

[A] through the destruction of the American Federation of Labor.
[B] by strengthening the economic and political independence of the workers.
[C] by forming an independent political movement.
[D] by the development of strong craft unions.
[E] when Republicans were removed from office.
6. Which of the following was not among the platform planks adopted by the Populist Party in their convention
of 1892?

[A] government ownership of the railroads, telephone, and telegraph
[B] free and unlimited coinage of silver in the ratio of 16 to 1
[C] immigration restrictions
[D] a one-term limit on the presidency
[E] government guarantees of “parity prices” for farmers

7. The image of the “Gibson Girl” represented

[A] a sentimental image of a woman as mother.
[B] a portrayal of the modern corporate business woman.
[C] a revival of the colonial feminine ideal.
[D] an independent and athletic “new woman.”
[E] an exploitive image of a woman as a sex object.

8. President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of Mexico until

[A] William Randolph Hearst and his newspaper began a campaign for involvement.
[B] Venustiano Carranza became president of Mexico.
[C] American business investors demanded protection.
[D] a small party of American sailors was arrested in Tampico.
[E] Pancho Villa raided New Mexico.

9. When extended, the Open Door policy called on all big powers, including the United States, to

[A] pursue further investment in China.
[B] recognize Philippine independence at an early date.
[C] build a Panamanian canal.
[D] observe the territorial integrity of China.
[E] guarantee the independence of Cuba.

10. That a “talented tenth” of American blacks should lead the race to full social and political equality with
whites was the view of

[A] George Washington Carver.
[B] Booker T. Washington.
[C] Paul Laurence Dunbar.
[D] W. E. B. Du Bois.
[E] Ida B. Wells.

11. The Populist Party arose as the direct successor to

[A] the Farmers’ Alliance.
[B] the Liberal Republican Party.
[C] the Silver Miners’ Coalition.
[D] the Grange.
[E] the Greenback Labor Party.

12. President Theodore Roosevelt branded reporters who tried to uncover injustice as “muckrakers” because
[A] they brought ugly problems to public attention.
[B] of their work in the “muck” of the slums.
[C] of their coverage of the meat-packing industry.
[D] he was annoyed by their excessive zeal.
[E] he saw them as trying to clean up society.

13. To assimilate Indians into American society, the Dawes Act did all of the following except

[A] outlaw the sacred Sun Dance.
[B] promise Indians U.S. citizenship in twenty-five years.
[C] wipe out tribal ownership of land.
[D] dissolve many tribes as legal entities.
[E] try to make rugged individualists of the Indians.

14. Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by

[A] helping the mine owners to import strike-breakers.
[B] threatening to seize the mines and to operate them with federal troops.
[C] using the military to force the miners back to work.
[D] passing legislation making the miners’ union illegal.
[E] appealing to mine owners’ and workers’ sense of the public interest.

15. The 1912 presidential election was notable because

[A] it was the first time women had the right to vote.
[B] the Socialists were a serious third party.
[C] personalities were the only issue of the campaign.
[D] the Democratic party had split.
[E] it gave the voters a choice of political and economic philosophies.

16. With the passage of the Pendleton Act, politicians now sought money from

[A] civil-service workers.
[B] big corporations.
[C] the small army of factory workers whom they now had to mobilize.
[D] foreign contributors.
[E] new immigrants.

17. The United States’ frequent intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries in the early twentieth

[A] departed from Theodore Roosevelt’s big-stick diplomacy.
[B] was appreciated in the region as an effective cloak of defense against European threats.
[C] established political stability in the area.
[D] left a legacy of ill will and distrust of the United States throughout Latin America.
[E] was intended to spread democracy to the region.

18. To help corporations, the courts ingeniously interpreted the Fourteenth Amendment, which was designed to
protect the rights of ex-slaves, so as to
[A] allow the captains of industry to avoid paying taxes.
[B] protect the civil rights of business people.
[C] help freedmen to work in factories.
[D] avoid corporate regulation by the states.
[E] incorporate big businesses.

19. Woodrow Wilson’s approach to American foreign policy earned the label of __________ diplomacy.

[A] isolationist
[B] balance-of-power
[C] imperialist
[D] dollar
[E] moral

20. Jacob Coxey and his “army” marched on Washington, D.C., to

[A] demand that the government relieve unemployment with a public works program.
[B] try to promote a general strike of all workers.
[C] protest the repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act.
[D] demand a larger military budget.
[E] demand the immediate payment of bonuses to Civil War veterans.

21. Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled “The Shame of the Cities,”

[A] uncovered official collusion in prostitution and “white slavery.”
[B] laid bare the practices of the stock market.
[C] attacked the United States Senate.
[D] exposed the deplorable condition of blacks in urban areas.
[E] unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.

22. In the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that

[A] segregation was unconstitutional.
[B] literacy tests for voting were constitutional.
[C] “separate but equal” facilities were constitutional.
[D] the Fourteenth Amendment did not apply to African-Americans.
[E] African-Americans could be denied the right to vote.

23. The battleship Maine was sunk by

[A] Cuban rebels.
[B] reporters working for William Randolph Hearst.
[C] an explosion on the ship.
[D] the Spanish.
[E] a mine planted by pro-Cuban Americans.

24. “Sooners” were settlers who “jumped the gun” to

[A] stake claims in the Comstock Lode in Nevada.
[B] pan gold in California.
[C] drive the first cattle to Montana and Wyoming.
[D] claim land in Oklahoma.
[E] grab town sites in the Dakotas.

25. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) American declaration of war on Spain, (B) sinking
of the Maine, (C) passage of the Teller Amendment, (D) passage of the Platt Amendment.

[A] B, A, C, D
[B] A, B, D, C
[C] C, D, A, B
[D] B, A, D, C
[E] D, C, B, A

26. One reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was

[A] to see the Monroe Doctrine ruled invalid in a world court.
[B] to maintain their policy of isolation.
[C] to break the ties between Spain and its South American colonies.
[D] their growing tensions with Germany made settlement seem wise.
[E] that they recognized America’s growing domination of Latin America.

27. The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led many states to pass

[A] safety regulations and workmen’s compensation laws for job injuries.
[B] mandatory fire escape plans for all businesses employing more than ten people.
[C] restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry.
[D] zoning regulations governing where factories could be located.
[E] laws guaranteeing unions the right to raise safety concerns.

28. President Wilson insisted that he would hold __________ to “strict accountability” for __________.

[A] Germany, fair treatment of civilians in Belgium
[B] Germany, the loss of American ships and lives to submarine warfare
[C] Britain, the disruption of American trade with the European continent
[D] Britain, repaying the loans made to it by American bankers
[E] Germany, starting the war

29. The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to

[A] stop European colonization in the Western Hemisphere.
[B] enable the U.S. to rule Puerto Rico and the Canal Zone.
[C] establish a friendly partnership with Britain so that it could join the United States in policing Latin Ameri-
can affairs.
[D] justify U.S. intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries.
[E] restore cordial relations between the United States and Latin American countries.

30. The gospel of wealth, which associated godliness with wealth,

[A] was opposed by most clergymen.
[B] relied on the sayings of Jesus.
[C] discouraged efforts to help the poor.
[D] inspired the wealthy to try to help the poor.
[E] stimulated efforts to help minorities.

31. The most effective and most enduring labor union of the post-Civil War period was the

[A] National Labor Union.
[B] Knights of Columbus.
[C] Knights of Labor.
[D] Congress of Industrial Organizations.
[E] American Federation of Labor.

32. By 1900, advocates of women’s suffrage

[A] argued that the vote would enable women to extend their roles as mothers and homemakers to the public
[B] temporarily abandoned the movement for the vote.
[C] formed strong alliances with African-Americans seeking voting rights.
[D] insisted on the inherent political and moral equality of men and women.
[E] argued that women’s biology gave them a fundamentally different character from men.

33. One problem with the Homestead Act was that

[A] the railroads purchased most of this land.
[B] it took several years to earn a profit from farming.
[C] public land was sold for revenue.
[D] midwestern farmers had to give up raising livestock because of stiff competition with the West.
[E] 160 acres were inadequate for productive farming on the rain-scarce Great Plains.

34. John D. Rockefeller used all of the following tactics to achieve success in the oil industry except

[A] using high-pressure sales methods.
[B] showing mercy to his competitors.
[C] pursuing a policy of rule or ruin.
[D] extorting rebates from railroads.
[E] employing spies.

35. Because of the benefits that it conferred on labor, Samuel Gompers called the __________ “labor’s Magna

[A] Federal Reserve Act
[B] Clayton Anti-Trust Act
[C] Workmen’s Compensation Act
[D] Sixteenth Amendment
[E] Underwood Tariff Act

36. In the late nineteenth century, those political candidates who campaigned by “waving the bloody shirt” were
reminding voters

[A] of the graft-filled “radical” regimes in the Reconstruction South.
[B] that radical Republicans catered to freed slaves during Reconstruction.
[C] of the “treason” of the Confederate Democrats during the Civil War.
[D] of Ku Klux Klan violence against blacks.
[E] that the Civil War had been caused by the election of a Republican president.

37. In an attempt to avoid prosecution for their corrupt dealings, the owners of Credit Mobilizer

[A] belatedly started to follow honest business practices.
[B] sold controlling interest in the company to others.
[C] tried to gain immunity by testifying before Congress.
[D] left the country.
[E] distributed shares of the company’s valuable stock to key congressmen.

38. As a result of the defeat of Captain William Fetterman’s command,

[A] the Bozeman Trail was reopened.
[B] the Sioux War came to an end.
[C] the government built new forts on the Bozeman Trail.
[D] white settlers abandoned the Dakota Territory.
[E] the Great Sioux Reservation was guaranteed to the Sioux tribes.

39. As to whether American laws applied to the territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, the Supreme
Court decided that

[A] federal but not state laws applied.
[B] American laws did not necessarily apply.
[C] only the Bill of Rights applied.
[D] only tariff laws could be forced.
[E] the United States Congress had no voice in the matter.

40. One weapon that was used to put Boss Tweed, leader of New York City’s infamous Tweed Ring, in jail

[A] granting immunity to Tweed’s cronies in exchange for testimony.
[B] the cartoons of the political satirist Thomas Nast.
[C] New York City’s ethics laws.
[D] federal income tax evasion charges.
[E] the RICO racketeering act.

41. Labor unions, Populists, and debtors saw in the brutal Pullman episode

[A] the need for a socialist party in the United States.
[B] proof of an alliance between big business, the federal government, and the courts.
[C] the potential of the federal government as a counterweight to big business.
[D] the crucial role of middle class public opinion in labor conflicts.
[E] a strategy by which united working-class action could succeed.

42. The settlement house and women’s club movements were crucial centers of female progressive activity be-
cause they

[A] provided literary and philosophical perspectives on social questions.
[B] broke down the idea that women had special concerns as wives and mothers.
[C] introduced many middle-class women to a broader array of urban social problems and civic concerns.
[D] helped slum children learn to read Dante and Shakespeare.
[E] became the launching pads for women seeking political office.

43. A major weakness of Spain in the Spanish-American War was

[A] the lack of support from its European allies.
[B] its inability to wage guerrilla war.
[C] its very small army in Cuba.
[D] the wretched condition of its navy.
[E] its unpreparedness to fight in a tropical climate.

44. By 1900, American attitudes toward labor began to change as the public came to recognize the right of
workers to bargain collectively and strike. Nevertheless,

[A] Congress declared the AFL illegal.
[B] the American Federation of Labor failed to take advantage of the situation.
[C] labor unions continued to decline in membership.
[D] workers began to turn to the Socialist Party.
[E] the vast majority of employers continued to fight organized labor.

45. The United States gained a perpetual lease on the Panama Canal Zone in the

[A] Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
[B] Teller Amendment.
[C] Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty.
[D] Hay-Pauncefote Treaty.
[E] Gentlemen’s Agreement.

46. Booker T. Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African-Americans was

[A] economic independence.
[B] the vote.
[C] the rejection of accommodationist attitudes.
[D] rigorous academic training.
[E] to directly challenge white supremacy.

47. The early settlement house workers, such as Jane Addams and Florence Kelley, helped to blaze the profes-
sional trail for

[A] criminal psychologists.
[B] female politicians.
[C] social workers.
[D] language specialists.
[E] day-care workers.

48. The Depression of the 1890s and episodes like the Pullman Strike made the election of 1896 shape up as

[A] a clash of cultures between ordinary middle-class Americans and European-oriented radicals and reformers.
[B] a conflict between the insurgent Populists and the two established political parties.
[C] a battle between down-and-out workers and farmers and establishment conservatives.
[D] a sectional conflict with the West aligned against the Northeast and South.
[E] a contest over the power of the federal government to manage a modern industrial economy like the United

49. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans

[A] favored entering the war in support of the Allies.
[B] had close cultural, linguistic, and economic ties with the Central Powers.
[C] favored U.S. mediation of the conflict.
[D] supported the Central Powers.
[E] earnestly hoped to stay out of the war.

50. Most New Immigrants

[A] tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America.
[B] were quickly assimilated into the mainstream of American life.
[C] were converted to mainstream Protestantism.
[D] were subjected to stringent immigration restrictions.
[E] eventually returned to their country of origin.

Reference: 514
[1] [C]

Reference: 536
[2] [C]
Reference: 607
[3] [E]

Reference: 637-639
[4] [D]

Reference: 551-553
[5] [B]

Reference: 521
[6] [E]

Reference: 548
[7] [D]

Reference: 695
[8] [D]

Reference: 649
[9] [D]

Reference: 574-575
[10] [D]

Reference: 613
[11] [A]

Reference: 666
[12] [D]

Reference: 597
[13] [A]

Reference: 673
[14] [B]

Reference: 689
[15] [E]
Reference: 516
[16] [B]

Reference: 658
[17] [D]

Reference: 543
[18] [D]

Reference: 694-695
[19] [E]

Reference: 614
[20] [A]

Reference: 666
[21] [E]

Reference: 511
[22] [C]

Reference: 630
[23] [C]

Reference: 606
[24] [D]

Reference: 629-642
[25] [A]

Reference: 625-626
[26] [D]

Reference: 672
[27] [C]

Reference: 699
[28] [B]
Reference: 657-658
[29] [D]

Reference: 542
[30] [C]

Reference: 554
[31] [E]

Reference: 584
[32] [A]

Reference: 603
[33] [E]

Reference: 541
[34] [B]

Reference: 709
[35] [B]

Reference: 503
[36] [C]

Reference: 504
[37] [E]

Reference: 593
[38] [E]

Reference: 639
[39] [B]

Reference: 504
[40] [B]

Reference: 614-615
[41] [B]
Reference: 669
[42] [C]

Reference: 632-633
[43] [D]

Reference: 554-555
[44] [E]

Reference: 655-656
[45] [C]

Reference: 573-574
[46] [A]

Reference: 565
[47] [C]

Reference: 615-616
[48] [C]

Reference: 697
[49] [E]

Reference: 565
[50] [A]

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