Root Prefix or Suffix

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					Root, Prefix or Suffix             Meaning                                    Examples
                                                        aside, accompany, adjust, aggression,
  a, ac, ad, af, ag,     to, toward, near, in
                                                        allocate, annihilate, affix, associate, attend,
  al, an, ap, as, at     addition to, by
                                                        apolitical, atheist, anarchy, anonymous,
  a-, an-                not, without
                                                        apathy, aphasia, anemia
  ab, abs                away from, off                 absolve, abrupt, absent
  -able, -ible           Adjective: worth, ability      solvable, incredible
  acer, acid, acri       bitter, sour, sharp            acerbic, acidity, acrid, acrimony
  act, ag                do, act, drive                 active, react, agent, active, agitate
  acu                    sharp                          acute, acupuncture, accurate
                                                        privacy, nfancy, adequacy, intimacy,
  -acy, -cy              Noun: state or quality
  -ade                   act, product, sweet drink      blockade, lemonade
  aer, aero              air, atmosphere, aviation      aerial, aerosol, aerodrome
                                                        agent, agenda, agitate, navigate, ambiguous,
  ag, agi, ig, act       do, move, go
                         Noun: activity, or result of
  -age                                                  courage, suffrage, shrinkage, tonnage
  agri, agro             pertaining to fields or soil   agriculture, agroindustry
                         Noun: action, result of
  -al                                                   referral, disavowal, disposal, festival
  -al, -ial, -ical       Adjective: quality, relation   structural, territorial, categorical
  alb, albo              white, without pigment         albino, albite
                                                        alias, alibi, alien, alloy, alter, alter ego,
  ali, allo, alter       other
  alt                    high, deep                     altimeter, altitude
  am, ami, amor          love, like, liking             amorous, amiable, amicable, enamoured
  ambi                   both                           ambidextrous
  ambul                  to walk                        ambulatory, amble, ambulance, somnambulist
  -an                    Noun: person                   artisan, guardian, historian, magician
  ana, ano               up, back, again, anew          anode, anagram, anagenetic
                         Noun: action, state, quality   resistance, independence, extravagance,
  -ance, -ence
                         or process                     fraudulence
                         Noun: state, quality or
  -ancy, -ency                                          vacancy, agency, truancy, latency
                         male, characteristics of
  andr, andro                                           androcentric, android
  ang                    angular                        angle
  anim                   mind, life, spirit, anger      animal, animate, animosity
  ann, annu, enni        yearly                         annual, annual, annuity, anniversary, perrenial
                      Noun: an agent,
-ant, -ent            something that performs        disinfectant, dependent, fragrant
                      the action
                      Adjective: kind of agent,
-ant, -ent, -ient                                    important, dependent, convenient
                                                     anterior, anteroom, antebellum, antedate,
ante                  before
                                                     antecedent antediluvian
anthrop               man                            anthropology, misanthrope, philanthropy
                                                     antisocial, antiseptic, antithesis, antibody,
anti, ant             against, opposite
                                                     antinomies, antifreeze, antipathy
anti, antico          old                            antique, antiquated, antiquity
                      away from, detached,
apo, ap, aph                                         apology, apocalypse, aphagia
aqu                   water                          aqueous
                      Adjective: resembling,
-ar, -ary                                            spectacular, unitary
                      related to
                                                     archangel, architect, archaic, monarchy,
arch                  chief, first, rule
                                                     matriarchy, patriarchy, Archeozoic era
-ard, -art            Noun: characterized            braggart, drunkard, wizard
aster, astr           star                           aster, asterisk, asteroid, astronomy, astronaut
-ate                  Noun: state, office, fuction   candidate, electorate, delegate
-ate                  Verb: cause to be              graduate, ameliorate, amputate, colligate
-ate                  Adjective: kind of state       inviolate
                      Noun: action, resulting
-ation                                               specialization, aggravation, alternation
auc, aug, aut         to originate, to increase      augment , author, augment, auction
aud, audi, aur,                                      audience, audio, audible, auditorium,
                      to hear, listen
aus                                                  audiovisual, audition, auricular, ausculate
aug, auc              increase                       augur, augment, auction
                                                     automobile, automatic, automotive,
aut, auto             self
                                                     autograph, autonomous, autoimmune
bar                   weight, pressure               barometer
                      on, around, over, about,
be                    excessively, make, cause,      berate, bedeck, bespeak, belittle, beleaguer
                      name, affect
belli                 war                            rebellion, belligerent, casus belli, bellicose
                                                     benefactor, beneficial, benevolent,
bene                  good, well, gentle
                                                     benediction, beneficiary, benefit
bi, bine              two                            biped, bifurcate, biweekly, bivalve, biannual
bibl, bibli, biblio   book                           bibliophile, bibliography, Bible
                                                     biography, biology, biometricsm biome,
bio, bi               life
brev                  short                        abbreviate, brevity, brief
cad, cap, cas,                                     receive, deceive, capable, capacious, captive,
ceiv, cept, capt,     to take, to seize, to hold   accident, capture, occasion, concept,
cid, cip                                           intercept, forceps, except, reciprocate
cad, cas              to fall                      cadaver, cadence, cascade
-cade                 procession                   motorcade
calor                 heat                         calorie, caloric, calorimeter
capit, capt           head                         decapitate, capital, captain, caption
carn                  flesh                        carnivorous, incarnate, reincarnation, carnal
cat, cata, cath       down, with                   catalogue, category, catheter
caus, caut            burn, heat                   caustic, cauldron, cauterize
cause, cuse, cus      cause, motive                because, excuse, accusation
ceas, ced, cede,      to go, to yield, move, go,   succeed, proceed, precede, recede,
ceed, cess            surrender                    secession, exceed, succession
cent                  hundred                      centennial, century, centipede
centr, centri         center                       eccentricity, centrifugal, concentric, eccentric
chrom                 color                        chrome, chromosome, polychrome, chromatic
                                                   chronology, chronic, chronicle chronometer,
chron                 time
                                                   anachronism, synchronize
                                                   fratricide, homicide, incision, incision,
cide, cis, cise       to kill, to cut, cut down
                                                   circumcision, scissors
                                                   circumnavigate, circumflex, circumstance,
                                                   circumcision, circumference, circumorbital,
circum                around
                                                   circumlocution, circumvent, circumscribe,
cit                   call, start                  incite, citation, cite
civ                   citizen                      civic, civil, civilian, civilization
                                                   exclamation, clamor, proclamation,
clam, claim           cry out
                                                   reclamation, acclaim
clin                  lean, bend                   decline, aclinic, inclination
                                                   include, exclude, clause, claustrophobia,
clud, clus claus      to close, shut
                                                   enclose, exclusive, reclusive, conclude
                                                   cohesiveness, cognate, collaborate, convene,
co, cog, col, coll,                                commitment, compress, contemporary,
                      with, together
con, com, cor                                      converge, compact, confluence, convenient,
                                                   concatenate, conjoin, combine, correct
                                                   recognize, cognizant, diagnose, agnostic,
cogn, gnos            to know
                                                   incognito, prognosis
                                                   complete, compel, conscious, condense,
com, con              fully
                                                   confess, confirm
contr, contra,                                     contradict, counteract, contravene, contrary,
                      against, opposite
counter                                            counterspy, contrapuntal
cord, cor, cardi      heart                        cordial, concord, discord, courage, encourage
                                                 corporation, corporal punishment, corpse,
corp                body
                                                 corpulent, corpus luteum
cort                correct                      escort, cortage
                                                 cosmos, microcosm, cosmopolitan,
cosm                universe, world
cour, cur, curr,
                    run, course                  occur, excursion, discourse, courier, course
crat, cracy         rule                         autocrat, aristocrat, theocracy, technocracy
cre, cresc, cret,
                    grow                         create, crescent, accretion, increase
crea                create                       creature, recreation, creation
                                                 creed, credo, credence, credit, credulous,
cred                believe
                                                 incredulous, incredible
cresc, cret,                                     crescendo, concrete, increase, decrease,
                    rise, grow
crease, cru                                      accrue
crit                separate, choose             critical, criterion, hypocrite
                                                 current, concurrent, concur, incur, recur,
cur, curs           run
                                                 occur, courier, precursor, cursive
cura                care                         curator, curative, manicure
cycl, cyclo         wheel, circle, circular      Cyclops, unicycle, bicycle, cyclone, cyclic
                    from, down, away, to do
                                                 detach, deploy, derange, decrease,
de-                 the opposite, reverse,
                                                 deodorize, devoid, deflate, degenerate
                                                 decimal, decade, decalogue, decimate,
dec, deca           ten, ten times
dec, dign           suitable                     decent decorate dignity
dei, div            God                          divinity, divine, deity, divination, deify
                    people, populace,            democracy, demography, demagogue,
dem, demo
                    population                   epidemic
dent, dont          tooth                        dental, denture, orthodontist, periodontal
                                                 hypodermic, dermatology, epidermis,
derm                skin, covering
di-, dy-            two, twice, double           divide, diverge, diglycerides
                                                 diameter, diagonal, dialogue dialect, dialectic,
dia                 through, across, between
                                                 diagnosis, diachronic
                                                 dictation, dictionary, dictate, dictator,
dic, dict, dit      say, speak                   Dictaphone, edict, predict, verdict, contradict,
                                                 dismiss, differ, disallow, disperse, dissuade,
                    not, opposite of, reverse,
dis, dif                                         divide, disconnect, disproportion, disrespect,
                    separate, deprive of, away
                                                 distemper, disarray
dit                 give                         credit, audit
                                                 docile, doctor, doctrine, document, dogma,
doc, doct           teach, prove
               master, that which is
domin                                         dominate, dominion, predominant, domain
               under control
don            give                           donate, condone
dorm           sleep                          dormant, dormitory
dox            thought, opinion, praise       orthodox, heterodox, paradox, doxology
-drome         run, step                      syndrome, aerodrome, velodrome
                                              produce, abduct, product, transducer, viaduct,
duc, duct      to lead, pull
                                              aqueduct, induct, deduct, reduce, induce
dura           hard, lasting                  durable, duration, endure
dynam          power                          dynamo, dynamic, dynamite, hydrodynamics
               bad, abnormal, difficult,
dys-                                          dysfunctional, dyslexia, dyspathy
               impaired, unfavorable
               not, missing, out, fully,
                                              emit, embed, eternal,ether, erase, email, e-
e-             away, computer network
                                              echo, eclipse, eclectic, ecesis, ecstasy,
ec-            out of, outside
               household, environment,
                                              ecology, economize, ecospheres,
eco-           relating to ecology or
ecto-          outside, external              ectomorph, ectoderm, ectoplasm
-ed            Verb: past tense               dressed, faded, patted, closed, introduced
               Adjective: having the
-ed            quality or characteristics     winged, moneyed, dogged, tiered
-en            Verb: to cause to become       lengthen, moisten, sharpen
-en            Adjective: material            golden, woolen, silken
               put into, make, provide        enamor, embolden, enslave, empower,
en-, em-
               with, surround with            entangle
               Noun: action or process,       reference, emergency, dependence,
-ence, -ency
               quality or state               eminence, latency
                                              endorse, endocardial, endergonic,
end-           inside, within
                                              endoskeleton, endoscope, endogenous
               upon, close to, over, after,   epicenter, epicarp, epilogue, epigone,
               altered                        epidiorite
                                              equidistant, equilateral, equilibrium, equinox,
equi-          equal
                                              equation, equator
-er, -ier      Adjective: comparative         better, brighter, sooner, hotter, happier
               Noun: person or thing that     flyer, reporter, player, member, fryer,
-er, -or
               does something                 collector, concentrator
-er, -or       Verb: action                   ponder, dishonor, clamor
                                              energy, erg, allergy, ergometer, ergograph,
erg            work, effect
                         collective qualities, art,
-ery                     practice, trade, collection,   snobbery, bakery, geenery, gallery, slavery
                         state, condition
                         Noun: plural of most
                         nouns ending in -ch, -s, -
-es, -ies                                               passes, glasses, ladies, heroes
                         sh, -o and -z and some in
                         -f and -y
                         Verb: third person singular
                         present indicative of verbs
-es, -ies                                               blesses, hushes, fizzes, defies
                         that end in -ch, -s, -sh, -
                         and some in -y
-ess                     female                         actress, goddess, poetess
                         Adjective or Adverb:
-est, -iest                                             latest, strongest, luckiest, lyingest
ev-, et-                 time, age                      medieval, eternal
                         out of, away from, lacking,    exit, exhale, exclusive, exceed, explosion, ex-
                         former                         mayor
exter-, extra-,                                         external, extrinsic, extraordinary, extrapolate,
                         outside of, beyond
extro-                                                  extraneous, extrovert
                                                        fable, fabulous, fame, famous, confess,
fa, fess                 speak
                                                        difficult, fashion, feasible, feature, factory,
fac, fact, fec,
                         do, make                       fact, effect, manufacture, amplification,
fect, fic, fas, fea
fall, fals               deceive                        fallacy, falsify, fallacious
femto                    quadrillionth                  femtosecond
                                                        ferry, coniferous, fertile, defer, infer, refer,
fer                      bear, carry
fic, feign, fain, fit,
                         shape, make, fashion           fiction, faint, feign
fid                      belief, faith                  confide, diffident, fidelity
                                                        confidante, fidelity, confident, infidelity, infidel,
fid, fide, feder         faith, trust
                                                        federal, confederacy, semper fi
fig                      shape, form                    figurem, effigy, figure, figment
fila, fili               thread                         filigree, filament, filter, filet, filibuster
                                                        final, finite, finish, confine, fine, refine, define,
fin                      end, ended, finished
fix                      repair, attach                 fix, fixation, fixture, affix, prefix, suffix
                                                        flex, reflex, flexible, flexor, inflexibility, reflect,
flex, flect              bend
flict                    strike                         affliction, conflict, inflict
                                                        influence, fluid, flue, flush, fluently, fluctuate,
flu, fluc, fluv, flux    flow
                                                        reflux, influx
                         Adverb: in a manner of,
-fold                                                   fourfold
                         marked by
for, fore           before                         forecast, fortune, foresee
                                                   effort, fort, forte, fortifiable, fortify, forte,
forc, fort          strength, strong
                                                   form, format, conform, formulate, perform,
form                shape, resemble
                                                   formal, formula
                                                   fracture, infraction, fragile, fraction, refract,
fract, frag, frai   break
fuge                flee                           subterfuge, refuge, centrifuge
                    Noun: an amount or
-ful                                               mouthful
                    quanity that fills
                    Adjective: having, giving,
-ful                                               fanciful
                    marked by
fuse                pour                           confuse, transfuse
-fy                 make, form into                falsify, dandify
gam                 marriage                       bigamy, monogamy, polygamy
gastr, gastro       stomach                        gastric, gastronomic, gastritis, gastropod
gen                 kind                           generous
                                                   genesis, genetics, eugenics, genealogy,
gen                 birth, race, produce
                                                   generate, genetic, antigen, pathogen
geo                 earth                          geometry, geography, geocentric, geology
germ                vital part                     germination, germ, germane
gest                carry, bear                    congest, gestation
giga                billion                        gigabyte, gigaflop
gin                 careful                        gingerly
gloss, glot         tongue                         glossary, polyglot, epiglottis
glu, glo            lump, bond, glue               glue, agglutinate, conglomerate
gor                 to gather, to bring together   category, categorize
grad, gress,        to gather, to bring            grade, degree, progress, gradual, graduate,
gree                together, step, go             egress
                                                   graph, graphic, autograph, photography,
graph, gram,
                    write, written, draw           graphite, telegram, polygraph, grammar,
                                                   biography, lithograph, graphic
grat                pleasing                       congratulate, gratuity, grateful, ingrate
grav                heavy, weighty                 grave, gravity, aggravate, gravitate
                                                   gregarious, congregation, segregate,
greg                herd
hale, heal          make whole, sound              inhale, exhale, heal, healthy, healthiness
helio               sun                            heliograph, heliotrope, heliocentric
                                                   hemorrhage, hemoglobin, hemophilia,
hema, hemo          blood
her, here, hes      stick                          adhere, cohere, cohesion, inherent,
                                                hereditary, hesitate
                                                heterodox, heterogeneous, heterosexual,
hetero           other, different
hex, ses, sex    six                            hexagon, hexameter, sestet, sextuplets
                                                homogenize, homosexual, homonym,
homo             same
hum, human       earth, ground, man             humus, exhume, humane
hydr, hydra,                                    dehydrate, hydrant, hydraulic, hydraulics,
hydro                                           hydrogen, hydrophobia
                                                hyperactive, hypertensive, hyperbolic,
hyper            over, above
                                                hypersensitive, hyperventilate, hyperkinetic
hypn             sleep                          hypnosis, hypnotherapy
-ia              Noun: names, diseases          phobia
                 Noun: related to, one that
-ian, an                                        pedestrian, human
-iatry           Noun: art of healing           psychiatry
-ic              Adjective: quality, relation   generic
                 Noun: related to the arts
-ic, ics                                        arithmetic, economics
                 and sciences
-ice             Noun: act                      malice
-ify             Verb: cause                    specify
ignis            fire                           ignite, igneous, ignition
                 Adjective: having the
-ile                                            projectile
                 qualities of
in, im           into, on, near, towards        instead, import
                                                illegible, irresolute, inaction, inviolate,
in, im, il, ir   not                            innocuous, intractable, innocent, impregnable,
                                                impossible, imposter
infra            beneath                        infrared, infrastructure
                 Noun: material made for,
-ing             activity, result of an         flooring, swimming, building
-ing             Verb: present participle       depicting
-ing             Adjective: activity            cohering
                                                international, intercept, interject, intermission,
inter            between, among
                                                internal, intermittent,
                 within, during, between
intra                                           intramural, intranet, intranatal
                 layers, underneath
intro            into, within, inward           interoffice, introvert, introspection, introduce
-ion             Noun: condition or action      abduction
                 Adjective: having the
-ish                                            newish
                 character of
                       Noun: doctrine, belief,
-ism                                                 formalism
                       action or conduct
-ist                   Noun: person or member        podiatrist
-ite                   Noun: state or quality        graphite
-ity, ty               Noun: state or quality        lucidity, novelty
-ive                   Noun: condition               native
                       Adjective: having the
-ive, -ative, -itive                                 festive, cooperative, sensitive
                       quality of
-ize                   Verb: cause                   fantasize
                                                     reject, eject, project, trajectory, interject,
jac, ject              throw
                                                     dejected, inject, ejaculate, adjacent
                                                     adjoining, enjoin, juncture, conjunction,
join, junct            join
                                                     injunction, conjunction
judice                 judge                         prejudice
jug, junct, just       to join                       junction, adjust, conjugal
juven                  young                         juvenile, rejuvenate
labor                  work                          laborious, belabor
lau, lav, lot, lut     wash                          launder, lavatory, lotion, ablution, dilute
                       choose, gather, select,
lect, leg, lig                                       collect, legible, eligible
leg                    law                           legal, legislate, legislature, legitimize
-less                  Adjective: without, missing   motiveless
levi                   light                         alleviate, levitate, levity
lex, leag, leg         law                           legal, college, league
liber, liver           free                          liberty, liberal, liberalize, deliverance
lide                   strike                        collide, nuclide
liter                  letters                       literary, literature, literal, alliteration, obliterate
loc, loco              place, area                   location, locally, locality, allocate, locomotion
                       word, study, say, speech,
log, logo, ology                                     catalog, prologue, dialogue, zoology, logo
                       reason, study
                                                     eloquent, loquacious, colloquial,
loqu, locut            talk, speak
luc, lum, lun, lus,                                  translucent, luminary, luster, luna, illuminate,
lust                                                 illustrate
lude                   play                          prelude
-ly                    Adverb: in the manner of      fluently
macr-, macer           lean                          emaciated, meager
                                                     magnify, magnificent, magnanimous,
magn                   great
                                                     magnate, magnitude, magnum
main                   strength, foremost            mainstream, mainsail, domain, remain
                                             malformation, maladjusted, dismal, malady,
mal              bad, badly                  malcontent,malfunction, malfeasance,
                                             manual, manage, manufacture, manacle,
man, manu        hand, make, do              manicure, manifest, maneuver, emancipate,
mand             command                     mandatory, remand, mandate
mania            madness                     mania, maniac, kleptomania, pyromania
mar, mari, mer   sea, pool                   marine, marsh, maritime, mermaid
matri            mother                      matrimony, maternal, matriarchate, matron
                 half, middle, between,      mediate, medieval, Mediterranean, mediocre,
                 halfway                     medium
                                             megaphone, megaton, megaflop,
mega             great, million
                                             megalomaniac, megabyte, megalopolis
                                             memo, commemoration, memento, memoir,
mem              recall, remember
ment             mind                        mental, mention
-ment            Noun: condition or result   document
meso             middle                      mesomorph, mesoamerica, mesosphere
                                             metaphor, metamorphosis, metabolism,
meta             beyond, change
                                             metahistorical, metainformation
meter            measure                     meter, voltammeter, barometer, thermometer
metr             admeasure, apportion        metrics, asymmetric, parametric, telemetry
                                             microscope, microfilm, microcard, microwave,
micro            small, millionth
                                             micrometer, microvolt
migra            wander                      migrate, emigrant, immigrate
mill, kilo       thousand                    millennium, kilobyte, kiloton
milli            thousandth                  millisecond, milligram, millivolt
min              little, small               minute, minor, minuscule
                                             misconduct, misinform, misinterpret,
mis              wrong, bad, badly
                                             mispronounce, misnomer, mistake, misogynist
                                             emit, remit, submit, admit, commit, permit,
mit, miss        send
                                             transmit, omit, intermittent, mission, missile
mob, mov, mot    move                        motion, remove, mobile, motor
mon              warn, remind                monument, admonition, monitor, premonition
                                             monopoly, monotype, monologue,
mono             one
                                             mononucleosis, monorail, monotheist,
                                             mortal, immortal, mortality, mortician,
mor, mort        mortal, death
                                             amorphous, dimorphic, metamorphosis,
morph            shape, form                 morphology, polymorphic, morpheme,
                                                  multifold, multilingual, multiped, multiply,
multi               many, much
                                                  multitude, multipurpose, multinational
nano                billionth                     nanosecond, nanobucks
nasc, nat, gnant,
                    to be born                    nascent, native, pregnant, naive
nat, nasc           to be from, to spring forth   innate, natal, native, renaissance
                                                  Neolithic, nuveau riche, neologism, neophyte,
neo                 new
                    Noun: state, condition,
-ness                                             kindness
                                                  neuritis, neuropathic, neurologist, neural,
neur                nerve
nom                 law, order                    autonomy, astronomy, gastronomy, economy
nom, nym            name                          nominate, synonym
nomen, nomin        name                          nomenclature, nominate, ignominious
non                 nine                          nonagon
                                                  nonferrous, nonsense, nonabrasive,
non                 not
nov                 new                           novel, renovate, novice, nova, innovate
nox, noc            night                         nocturnal, equinox, noctilucent
                                                  numeral, numeration, enumerate,
numer               number
numisma             coin                          numismatics
                    toward, against, in the
ob, oc, of, op                                    oppose, occur, offer, obtain
oct                 eight                         octopus, octagon, octogenarian, octave
                                                  Oligocene, oligosaccharide, oligotrophic,
oligo               few, little
                                                  omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent,
omni                all, every
onym                name                          anonymous, pseudonym, antonym, synonym
oper                work                          operate, cooperate, opus
-or                 Noun: condition or activity   valor, honor, humor, minor
ortho               straight, correct             orthodox, orthodontist, orthopedic, unorthodox
-ory                Noun: place for, serves for   territory, rectory
-ous, -eous, -      Adjective: having the
                                                  adventurous, courageous, verbose, fractious
ose, -ious          quality of, relating to
over                excessive, above              overwork, overall, overwork
pac                 peace                         pacifist, pacify, pacific ocean
pair, pare          arrange, assemblage, two      repair, impair, compare, prepare
paleo               old                           Paleozoic, Paleolithic, paleomagnetism,
                                         Pan-American, pan-African, panacea,
pan                 all
                                         pandemonium (place of all the demons),
                                         paradox, paraprofessional, paramedic,
para                beside
                                         paraphrase, parachute
pat, pass, path     feel, suffer         patient, passion, sympathy, pathology
pater, patr         father               paternity, patriarch, patriot, patron, patronize
                                         pathos, sympathy, antipathy, apathy,
path, pathy         feeling, suffering
                                         pedal, impede, pedestrian, centipede, tripod,
ped, pod            foot
                                         podiatry, antipode, podium
pedo                child                orthopedic, pedagogue, pediatrics
                                         compel, dispel, expel, repel, propel, pulse,
pel, puls           drive, push, urge    impulse, pulsate, compulsory, expulsion,
pend, pens,                              pendant, pendulum, suspend, appendage,
                    hang, weigh
pond                                     pensive, append
                                         persecute, permit, perspire, perforate,
per                 through, intensive
peri                around               periscope, perimeter, perigee, periodontal
phage               eat                  macrophage, bacteriophage
phan, phas,
phen, fan, phant,   show, make visible   phantom, fantasy
phe                 speak                blaspheme, cipher, phenomenon, philosopher
                                         philosopher, philanthropy, philharmonic,
phil                love
phlegma             inflammation         phlegm, phlegmatic
                                         phobia, claustrophobia, acrophobia,
phobia, phobos      fear
                                         aquaphobia, ergophobia, homophobia
                                         telephone, phonics, phonograph, phonetic,
phon                sound                homophone, microphone, symphony,
                                         photograph, photoelectric, photogenic,
phot, photo         light
                                         photosynthesis, photon
pico                trillionth           picofarad, picocurie, picovolt
pict                paint, show, draw    picture, depict
plac, plais         please               placid, placebo, placate, complacent
pli, ply            fold                 reply, implicate, ply
plore               cry out, wail        implore, exploration, deploring
plu, plur, plus     more                 plural, pluralist, plus
                    breath               pneumatic, pneumonia,
pod                  foot, feet      podiatry, tripod
                                     metropolis, police, politics, Indianapolis,
poli                 city
                                     megalopolis, acropolis
poly                 many            polytheist, polygon, polygamy, polymorphous
                                     postpone, component, opponent, proponent,
pon, pos, pound      place, put      expose, impose, deposit, posture, position,
                                     expound, impound
pop                  people          population, populous, popular
                                     porter, portable, transport, report, export,
port                 carry
                                     import, support, transportation
portion              part, share     portion, proportion
post                 after, behind   postpone, postdate
pot                  power           potential, potentate, impotent
pre, pur             before          precede
                                     apprehend, comprehend, comprehensive,
prehendere           seize, grasp
                                     primacy, prima donna, primitive, primary,
prin, prim, prime    first
                                     primal, primeval, prince, principal
pro                  for, foward     propel
                                     prototype, protocol, protagonist, protozoan,
proto                first
                                     Proterozoic, protoindustrial
psych                mind, soul      psyche, psychiatry, psychology, psychosis
                                     punctual, punctuation, puncture, acupuncture,
punct                point, dot
pute                 think           dispute, computer
quat, quad           four            quadrangle, quadruplets
                                     quintet, quintuplets, pentagon, pentane,
quint, penta         five
quip                 ship            equip, equipment
quir, quis, quest,
                     seek, ask       query, inquire, exquisite, quest
re                   back, again     report, realign, retract, revise, regain
                                     regiment, regular, rectify, correct, direct,
reg, recti           straighten
                                     retrorocket, retrospect, retrogression,
retro                backwards
ri, ridi, risi       laughter        deride, ridicule, ridiculous, derision, risible
rog, roga            ask             prerogative, interrogation, derogatory
rupt                 break           rupture, interrupt, abrupt, disrupt, ruptible
                                     sacred, sacrosanct, sanction, consecrate,
sacr, sanc, secr     sacred
salv, salu            safe, healthy               salvation, salvage, salutation
                                                  sanctify, sanctuary, sanction, sanctimonious,
sanct                 holy
sat, satis            enough                      satient, saturate, satisfy
sci, scio, scientia   know                        science, conscious, omniscient, cognocienti
                                                  telescope, microscope, kaleidoscope,
scope                 see, watch
                                                  periscope, stethoscope
                                                  scribe, scribble, inscribe, describe, subscribe,
scrib, script         write
                                                  prescribe, manuscript
se                    apart, move away from       secede
sect, sec             cut                         intersect, transect, dissect, secant, section
                                                  sediment, session, obsession, possess,
sed, sess, sid        sit
                                                  preside, president, reside, subside
                                                  semifinal, semiconscious, semiannual,
semi                  half, partial
                                                  semimonthly, semicircle
                                                  senior, senator, senile, senescence,
sen, scen             old, grow old
                                                  sentiment, consent, resent, dissent,
sent, sens            feel, think                 sentimental, sense, sensation, sensitive,
                                                  sensory, dissension
sept                  seven                       septet, septennial
                                                  sequence, consequence, sequel, subsequent,
sequ, secu, sue       follow                      prosecute, consecutive, second, ensue,
                                                  servant, service, subservient, servitude,
serv                  save, serve, keep           preserve, conserve, reservation, deserve,
                                                  conservation, observe
-ship                 Noun: status, condition     relationship, friendship
sign, signi           sign, mark, seal            signal, signature, design, insignia, significant
                                                  similar, assimilate, simulate, simulacrum,
simil, simul          like, resembling
                                                  assist, insist, persist, circumstance, stamina,
sist, sta, stit       stand, withstand, make up   status, state, static, stable, stationary,
soci                  to join, companions         sociable, society
                                                  solo, soliloquy, solitaire, solitude, solitary,
sol, solus            alone
                                                  solvent, solve, absolve, resolve, soluble,
solv, solu, solut     loosen, explain             solution, resolution, resolute, dissolute,
somn                  sleep                       insomnia, somnambulist
                                                  sophomore (wise fool), philosophy,
soph                  wise
spec, spect, spi,     look, see                   specimen, specific, spectator, spectacle,
spic                                                aspect, speculate, inspect, respect, prospect,
                                                    retrospective, introspective, expect,
sper                   render favorable             prosper
sphere                 ball, sphere                 sphere, stratosphere, hemisphere, spheroid
                                                    spirit, conspire, inspire, aspire, expire,
spir                   breath
                                                    perspire, respiration
stand, stant,
stab, stat, stan,      stand                        stature, establish, stance
sti, sta, st, stead
-ster                  person                       mobster, monster
strain, strict,                                     stringent, strict, restrict, constrict, restrain, boa
                       bind, pull, draw tight
string, stige                                       constrictor
                                                    construe, structure, construct, instruct,
stru, struct,
                       build                        obstruct, destruction, destroy, industry,
stroy, stry
                                                    sustain, survive, support, suffice, succeed,
sub, suc, suf,         under, below, from,
                                                    submerge, submarine, substandard,
sup, sur, sus          secretly, instead of
                                                    subnormal, subvert
sume, sump             take, use, waste             consume, assume, sump, presumption
                                                    superior, suprarenal, superscript,
super, supra           over, above
                                                    supernatural, superimpose, supercede
syn, sym               together, at the same time   sympathy, synthesis, synchronous, syndicate
tact, tang, tag,                                    tactile, contact, intact, intangible, tangible,
tig, ting                                           contagious, contiguous, contingent
tain, ten, tent, tin   hold, keep, have             retain, continue, content, tenacious
tect, teg              cover                        detect, protect, tegular, tegument
                                                    telephone, telegraph, telegram, telescope,
tele                   distance, far, from afar     television, telephoto, telecast, telepathy,
                                                    tempo, temporary, extemporaneously,
tem, tempo             time
                                                    contemporary, pro tem, temporal
                                                    tenacious, tenant, tenure, untenable,
                                                    detention, retentive, content, pertinent,
ten, tin, tain         hold
                                                    continent, obstinate, contain, abstain, pertain,
                                                    tendency, extend, intend, contend, pretend,
tend, tent, tens       stretch, strain
                                                    superintend, tender, extent, tension, pretense
tera                   trillion                     terabyte, teraflop
term                   end, boundary, limit         exterminate, terminal
terr, terra            earth                        terrain, terrarium, territory, terrestrial
test                   to bear witness              testament, detest, testimony, attest, testify
the, theo              God, a god                   monotheism, polytheism, atheism, theology
therm                  heat                         thermometer, theorem, thermal, thermos
                                             bottle, thermostat, hypothermia
thesis, thet        place, put               antithesis, hypothesis, synthesis, epithet
tire                draw, pull               attire, retire, entire
                                             atom (not cutable), appendectomy,
tom                 cut
                                             tonsillectomy, dichotomy, anatomy
                                             torture, retort, extort, distort, contort, torsion,
tor, tors, tort     twist
                                             tortuous, torturous
tox                 poison                   toxic, intoxicate, antitoxin
tract, tra, trai,                            attract, tractor, traction, extract, retract,
                    drag, draw, pull
treat                                        protract, detract, subtract, contract, intractable
                                             transform, transoceanic, transmit,
trans               across, beyond, change
                                             transportation, transducer
tri                 three                    tripod, triangle, trinity, trilateral
                                             tribute, contribute, attribute, retribution,
trib                pay, bestow
tribute             give                     contribute, distribute, tributary
turbo               disturb                  turbulent, disturb, turbid, turmoil
                                             type, prototype, typical, typography,
typ                 print
                                             typewriter, typology, typify
ultima              last                     ultimate, ultimatum
umber,                                       umbra, penumbra, (take) umbrage,
umbraticum                                   adumbrate
un                  not, against, opposite   unceasing, unequal
                                             uniform, unilateral, universal, unity,
uni                 one
                                             unanimous, unite, unison, unicorn
                    Noun: act, condition,
-ure                                         exposure, conjecture, measure
                    process, function
                                             vacate, vacuum, evacuate, vacation, vacant,
vac                 empty
vade                go                       evade, invader
                                             equivalent, valiant, validity, evaluate, value,
vale, vali, valu    strength, worth
veh, vect           to carry                 vector, vehicle, convection, vehement
                                             convene, intervene, venue, convenient,
ven, vent           come                     avenue, circumvent, invent, convent, venture,
                                             event, advent, prevent
ver, veri           true                     very, aver, verdict, verity, verify, verisimilitude
verb, verv          word                     verify, veracity, verbalize, verve
                                             convert, revert, advertise, versatile, vertigo,
                                             invert, reversion, extravert, introvert,
vert, vers          turn, change
                                             diversion, introvert, convertible, reverse,
vi                  way                      viable, vibrate, vibrant
vic, vicis        change, substitute          vicarious, vicar, vicissitude
vict, vinc        conquer                     victor, evict, convict, convince, invincible
                                              video, evident, provide, providence, visible,
vid, vis          see                         revise, supervise, vista, visit, vision, review,
                                              revive, survive, vivid, vivacious, vitality,
viv, vita, vivi   alive, life
                                              vivisection, vital, vitamins, revitalize
                                              vocation, avocation, convocation, invocation,
voc, voke         call                        evoke, provoke, revoke, advocate,
                                              provocative, vocal
vol               will                        malevolent, benevolent, volunteer, volition
volcan            fire                        volcano, vulcanize, Vulcan
                                              revolve, voluble, voluminous, convolution,
volv, volt, vol   turn about, roll
                                              revolt, evolution
                                              voracious, carnivorous, herbivorous,
vor               eat greedily
                                              omnivorous, devour
                  Adverb: in a direction or
-ward                                         homeward
                  Adverb: in the manner of,
-wise                                         timewise, clockwise, bitwise
                  with regard to
with              against                     withhold, without, withdraw, forthwith
                  Noun: state, condition,
-y                                            society, victory
                  result of an activity
                  Adjective: marked by,
-y                                            hungry, angry, smeary, teary
                                              zoo (zoological garden), zoology, zodiac,
zo                animal

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