Which of the cell organelle is responsible for the production of by liamei12345


									1. Which of the cell organelle is responsible for the production of energy ATP? ____
      a. Golgi complex        b. Endoplasmic reticulum            c. Mitochondria d. Lysosomes
2. Which process is an active transport mechanism? ___
      a. Diffusion b. Osmosis          c. Phagocytosis            d. Pinocytosis
3. A passive process in which there is a net or greater movement of molecules or ions from
    an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration is called ___
      a. Diffusion b. Osmosis          c. Filtration d. Active process
4. DNA is contained within the ___
      a. Lysosome b. Golgi complex              c. Nucleus        d. Mitochondria
5. Phagocytosis by the white blood cells is an example of the body’s ___ of defense.
      a. First line           b. 2nd line               c. 3rd line       d. 4th line
6. Cell “drinking” is called ___
      a. Phagocytosis         b. Pinocytosis c. Osmosis           d. Diffusion
7. An organelle that is responsible for the packaging of proteins is the ____
      a. Golgi complex        b. Mitochondria           c. Cilia          d. Nucleus
8. Organelle that contains an enzyme that destroys foreign substances within the cell is __
      a. Nucleus b. Lysosome c. Ribosome d. Golgi complex
9. The division of a reproductive cell into two cells with 23 chromosomes each is called ___
      a. Mitosis      b. Meiosis       c. Spontaneous generation d. Cytokinesis
10. Cell “eating” is called ___
      a. Phagocytosis          b. Pinocytosis        c. Osmosis                     d. Histolytica
11. A solution in which the concentration of water molecules is the same as in blood is said to
    be ___ a. Hypotonic b. Hypertonic c. Isotonic                 d. Isometric
12. Which structure is known as the control center of the cell? ___
      a. Ribosome b. Organelle c. Chromosome                      d. Nucleus
13. Division of the parent cell’s cytoplasm and organelles is known as ____
      a. Parenting               b. Division            c. Mutuation                d. Cytokinesis
14. Inorganic compounds usually lack ___
      a. Oxygen b. Hydrogen c. Carbon                   d. Nitrogen
15. The symbol for sodium chloride is ____
      a. NaOCl        b. H₂O c. FE d. NaCl
16. The body’s first line of defense against infection is ____________________
      (rephrased for exam as “against the invasion of pathogens)
      a. Hair         b. intact skin c. Respiratory tract d. Peritoneal layer
17. A chemical reaction that provides energy by the breakdown of food molecules is called _
      a. Anabolism           b. catabolism               c. metabolism                  d. glycogenesis
18. The catabolism of fats produces what substance(s)? ____
          a. Amino acids b. glycogen c. ketone bodies                     d. insulin
  19. When body cells require energy, what molecule is broken down? ___
        a. ATP          b. DNA                  c. Six-carbon             d. ADP
  20. The basic living, structural and functional unit of the body is known as the _____
        a. Organ        b. tissue        c. organism d. cell
  21. What substance is the body’s preferred source of energy? __
        a. Carbohydrates            b. fats                c. proteins             d. water
  22. The process by which glucose is stored in the liver and skeletal muscle cells as glycogen is
      ___ a. Gluconeogenesis             b. glycogenolysis        c. glycogenesis       d. glycolysis
  23. The most abundant ion in the body is _____
        a. Calcium b. sodium             c. potassium d. magnesium
  24. Ninety six percent of the body’s mass is made up of ____
        a. Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen             c. oxygen, potassium, hydrogen, sulfur
        b. Oxygen, carbon, phosphorus, magnesium d. oxygen, carbon, magnesium, sodium
  25. The essential component of hemoglobin is ___
        a. Oxygen b. Iron c. Nitrogen             d. Hydrogen
  26. A pH level refers to ____
        a. Phosphorus           b. Acidity vs. alkalinity levels c. A and B      d. None of the above
  27. What is the function of phagocytic white cells? __
        a. Capture food particles c. promote ribosome function
        b. Engulf and destroy bacteria            d. encourage cell rejuvenation
  28 Why should nail polish be removed? _______________________________________
        a. Prevent infection b. allow temp recording c. monitor BP d. allow pulse oximeter
  29. The body’s first line of defense again infection is __________________
        a. Hair         b. intact skin c. respiratory tract d. peritoneal layer
  30. The layers of skin included in a full thickness skin graft are _____
        a. Epidermis only       b. epidermis and dermis           c. epidermis and portion of dermis
            d. epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue

31. The degree of burn that destroys all layers of the skin and includes subcutaneous tissue is
________________ a. 1st             b. 2nd           c. 3rd          d. 4th
      Syndactyly refers to ______________________________

a. DeQuervain’s disease      b. cleft palate c. webbed digits d. duplication of digits
33. What degree of burn is the common sunburn? _________ a. 4th b. 3rd c. 2nd d. 1st
34. The medical term for charred and pearly-white appearance of tissue damaged by a third-
degree burn is ________________
a. erythema b. eschar        c. necrotic    d. denuded
35. According to the Rule of Nines, what percentage is assigned to the front and back of the
trunk of the body? ________________ a. 18% b. 14% c. 10% d. 6%
36. The device used to expand the size of a split-thickness skin graft is a _______________
a. mesh graft b. dermatome c. derma-carrier           d. caliper
37. The sterile liquid placed on the donor skin site as a lubricant when a split-thickness skin
graft is taken is __________________
a. povidone-iodine b. hibiclens c. mineral oil d. alcohol
38. Which member of the surgical team is unsterile? _________________
         a. Surgeon b. circulator c. surgical assistant         d. first scrub surg tech
39. The body’s first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is:
    a. Immune response         b. phagocytosis     c. uncompromised skin d. cellular response

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