Implementation status of the Ten Point Plan of Action for Refugee

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					                    Implementation status of the Ten Point Plan of Action for Refugee Protection and Mixed Migration
                                 UNHCR Regional Representation for Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine
                                                           RR Kyiv, April 2010
                                     Recommendations as formulated by the participants of the Workshop on 28 April 2010

Activities                                           Remaining gaps and challenges                  Recommendations

   1. Cooperation with key partners


At the regional level
Regional Steering Committees of the Regional
Protection Support, Local Integration Projects are
convened annually to discuss and agree on regional
activities. This includes representatives of UNHCR
and counterpart agencies from Belarus, Moldova
and Ukraine;

Connections and synergies with other related
projects have been ensured through mutual
consultations and coordination in design of
activities. This concerns especially the projects
implemented by ECRE (Monitoring Safe and
Dignified Return in Belarus, Moldova, the Russian
Federation and Ukraine), ICMPD (GDISC-ERIT
project for Ukraine) and DRC (Legal and Social
Assistance to Asylum-seeking and refugee children
in Ukraine);

IOM remains an important partner of UNHCR



                                                                                                                          1
     for its activities in the region. Activities, trainings
     and projects have been designed in close
     cooperation and consultation. In the framework of
     the IOM GUMIRA project in Moldova and
     Ukraine, the Observatory Mechanism UNHCR is a
     good practice of Government, International
     Organisations, NGOs, and EU Member States joint
     monitoring work;

     The Soderkoping process continues to be
     supported by UNHCR, in close cooperation with
     IOM, the Swedish Migration Board and the other
     involved Governments;
-
    Cross-border regional meetings (with involvement
    of neighbouring EU countries) have been organized
    with UNHCR, Government counterparts and NGO
    partners in order to develop cross-border
    cooperation, as well as enhance exchange of
    experience and good practices;
-
     Regional study visits to EU member States have
     been organized in order to learn from their
     experience.

     At the national level
     Belarus:

     UNHCR maintains regular contacts and                      Similar to the Moldovan experience, Belarus will
     consultations with Government and NGO                     work on setting up an inter-agency / ministerial
     counterparts. IOM is a key partner of EU-funded           expert working group on migration and asylum in


                                                                                                            2
project on protection monitoring responsible for        order to identify priorities and design actions in
operation of AVR programme. The partners in             order to address them.
general have demonstrated a good level of
cooperation and readiness to further work together
towards building up solid grounds for the long-term
and sustainable partnership.

Moldova:

In September 2009, UNHCR signed a
Memorandum of Understanding with the Border
Guard Service (BGS) of the Republic of Moldova,
the Bureau for Migration and Asylum (BMA)
under the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the
Republic of Moldova and the Law Center of
Advocates NGO. Under the memorandum of
understanding, joint protection monitoring will be
carried out regularly including in border areas so as
to ensure asylum seekers have access to the country
and to asylum procedures;

UNHCR organized regular meetings with its key
governmental and non-governmental partners to
discuss the implementation of the Regional
Protection Support Project and the Local
Integration Project at the national level;

In Moldova, there is an NGO network supported by
the Dutch Council for Refugees (MATRA
funding).




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Ukraine:                                            Ukraine:

The National Steering Committees (NSC) for          The NSC includes representatives of partner
implementation of Regional Protection Support       agencies mostly at the national level, and
Project and Local Integration Project continue to   communication and implementation of agreed                Ukraine:
be core coordination mechanisms amongst the main    initiatives and activities to the regional/field level,
stakeholders of refugee protection such as asylum   and particularly, by asylum and border             UNHCR        will    continue    planning     and
and border authorities; law enforcement, NGOs,      authorities, as well as NGOs will need further     implementation of protection activities through
IOM, DRC, and ECRE and other international          attention and developing                           NSC with particular focus on specific aspects
organizations, as well as refugees and asylum                                                          (related to the 10 PP) highlighted by partner
seekers. Their terms of references have been                                                           agencies. Such Committees are convened by
developed and agreed.                                                                                  UNHCR twice a year to discuss/analyze
                                                    The cooperation amongst asylum and border implemented activities and agree on the work-plan
At the local level, biannual Inter-Agency           authorities, as well as NGOs in the region needs for the next consecutive period.
Meetings (IAM) involving Government and NGO         further enhancing. In particular, transfer of
counterparts are held in Western Ukraine in order   asylum application from border services to the UNHCR and partners will replicate the practice of
to address specific issues related to refugee       competent migration authority without delay, as IAM in other regions of Ukraine in 2010.
protection.                                         well as transfer of asylum claims amongst NGO
                                                    partners in providing legal assistance needs to be UNHCR will promote inclusion of the URC in
UNHCR continued cooperating with a network of       developed.                                         dialogue with the Government and support the
NGO implementing and operational partners who                                                          URC to identify funding.
provide legal and social assistance to persons of   Due to the size of the country, the number of
concern. Continued on-job training was provided     member NGOs and the lack of own funding, the To continue support to NGOs in developing their
throughout 2009. In Ukraine, a Ukrainian Refugee    URC has not yet the desired impact and capacity capacities, inter alia through training and
Council (URC) was created in 2008, allowing the     to carry out actions.                              facilitation of cross-border cooperation among
NGOs to better co-ordinate and cooperate amongst    The URC has limited funding and relies on part- NGOs;
them.                                               time coordinators who already have full time jobs
                                                    with NGOs.                                         Advocate for speedy, smooth and efficient
 UNHCR maintains regular contact and                In general, one of the major challenges for NGOs resolution of the question regarding the government
consultations with Government counterparts.         is the lack of alternative funding and/or the asylum authority.


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                                                 limited experience in applying for alternative
In 2008 and 2009 regular Civil Council meetings funding
were organised by the SCNR with participation of                                                    Cross-border regional meetings with involvement
NGOs and UNHCR in order to discuss refugee and The restructuring of the asylum authorities in       of border and asylum authorities, NGOs, UNHCR,
asylum-related issues.                           August 2009 and the unachieved shift of the        IOM and cooperating international organizations
                                                 asylum competencies from one authority to          are planned in the western and eastern borders in
                                                 another hampers the effectiveness of the asylum    Ukraine with neighbouring EU countries and
                                                 system in Ukraine. Since August 2009 no asylum     Russia respectively.
                                                 decisions have been taken. As of end of February
                                                 2010, there have been some 600 asylum
                                                 applications pending for decision by the central
                                                 migration authority.
    2. Data collection and analysis

At the regional level:                            At the regional level:

UNHCR, in cooperation with IOM, has continued The Governments of Belarus, Moldova and               UNHCR will continue to provide the Governments
to support the Soderkoping Process for data Ukraine do not yet have fully harmonized data           with support and technical advice for the
research, collection and analysis;            collection and analysis systems in each country       harmonized collection of data and its analysis;
                                              that would permit to manage information on
                                              individual cases and to analyse general trends on     All stakeholders should be involved in further
At the national level:
                                              asylum and migration, including information on        participatory assessments in order to gain better
                                              stateless persons                                     knowledge of the situation of persons of concern
Belarus:
                                                                                                    and the risks they might be exposed to;
UNHCR continued to assist (within EU-funded
                                                                                                    UNHCR, ECRE, IOM will continue to support
project) the Government (Ministry of Internal At the national level:
                                                                                                    NGOs in developing their analytical capacity
Affairs – MIA and State Border Service) to
                                                                                                    through training and enhanced exchange of
upgrade currently used computerized refugee
                                                                                                    experience with NGOs in EU members States.
registration system and expand it to the regional
level for the MIA, and the level of commandant
offices for the SBC.



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In 2009 UNHCR and its partners conducted
Participatory Assessment in Belarus. Two
meetings of the Multi-functional Team (MFT) on
Age, Gender, Diversity Mainstreaming (AGDM)
were conducted with wide participation of all
members on preparation to the Participatory
Assessment, choosing the themes, drafting a work
plan, and discussion of results. UNHCR and NGOs
in Belarus organized and conducted meetings with
certain categories of refugees (families of three and
more children, pensioners, representatives of
certain national groups) in order to learn their
situations and common problems with the aim to
provide them with targeted assistance.

A study visit of Belarusian officials to Belgium
took place in July 2009. The visit specifically
focused on studying the Eurodac system in
collecting, processing and exchanging data on
various categories of migrants, including asylum-
seekers and refugees. The study of good
international practices in this area was instrumental
in adjusting requirements to the currently
operational computer registration system in
Belarus, and allowed to formulate more efficient
specifications for upgrading the system.

Moldova:

The Refugee Directorate, with UNHCR support,
has improved its reporting methods on asylum-
seekers and refugees in Moldova in line with


                                                        6
UNHCR reporting formats;

In 2009 UNHCR and its partners conducted a
Participatory Assessment in Moldova;

A mechanism of periodic reporting on the
number of detainees, including asylum-seekers, in
the Temporary Accommodation Center for
Foreigners (MAC), has been established between
UNHCR and IOM Moldova;

Ukraine:                                             Ukraine:

UNHCR continued to support and fund the              In Ukraine, a fully functioning multi-functional
collection of data and development of statistical    team incorporating the government is still to be
reports on asylum by the Ukrainian asylum            composed and other cities still need to be
authority;                                           targeted;

                                                      Regarding the analysis of information collected
In 2009, UNHCR and its NGO partners conducted by NGOs, their capacity to deduce general trends
a Participatory Assessment in Odessa;                 and identify alarming development is not always
                                                      consistent throughout Ukraine.
NGOs collect information on individual cases that
serves as a base for analysis of countries of origin,
specific groups and categories of migrants, reasons
for flight, etc.;

A specific monthly reporting tool has been
developed jointly by ECRE, IOM and UNHCR
in order to collect general information and trends
on migrants and asylum-seekers in detention. IOM
compiles this information on a monthly basis and


                                                                                                        7
shares the reports, containing analyzed trends and
specific recommendations after consultation with
UNHCR.



Point 3. Protection-sensitive entry systems

General
- Since 2007, UNHCR Belarus is implementing a As of 01 January 2010 the EU-Ukraine UNHCR, together with its partners, will monitor
EU-funded project on border monitoring under readmission agreement applies to third country the implementation of the readmission agreement
AENEAS;                                         nationals. It is not yet known how many people and react to cases of risked (chain) refoulement.
                                                will be concerned by this. Nonetheless, UNHCR
- At the Regional level, and since April 2009, and its partners will have to monitor the situation
UNHCR is implementing the EU-funded Regional closely in order to identify risks of (chain)
Protection Support Project (RPSP) within the refoulement.
framework of the Regional Protection Programme;

- The IOM GUMIRA project on readmission for
Moldova and Ukraine has been designed in
consultation with UNHCR and comprises elements
of 10 PP in Action such as monitoring of
refoulement and identification of asylum-seekers;


At the regional level:
                                                                                                          Adopt and implement a profiling tool for entry
In the framework of the RPSP, and jointly with          It appears that the information exchange officials;
ECRE, a four-day study visit was organised to the       mechanism among NGOs (developed in
UK and Finland. Government officials and NGOs           Uzhgorod in October 2008) is not yet sufficiently All stakeholders involved in training entry officials
from Belarus, Moldova, the Russian Federation and       well established. Information, especially the should continue to coordinate and ensure that the
Ukraine participated in this visit. The visit focused   information collected by Ukrainian NGOs is not same messages are being given.


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on good practices of profiling/screening and systematically shared with counterparts in the
referral of asylum seekers at the border, as well relevant bordering country.                Within the framework of the RPSP, UNHCR will
as Government – NGO cooperation;                                                            continue to organize small, targeted training
                                                                                            sessions for junior border guard staff (first contact
The Soderkoping Process continued to facilitate                                             officials);
cross-border cooperation between Governments on
migration and asylum issues;                                                                UNHCR and its partners will continue providing
                                                                                            on the job training during its regular and border
A regional cross border seminar on border                                                   monitoring missions;
monitoring with participants from Belarus,
Moldova and Ukraine took place in April 2009;                                               In addition to the leaflets UNHCR and the SBGS
                                                                                            will disseminate posters on asylum procedures at
A regional cross-border cooperation meeting                                                 border and entry points, which will not only
took place in Ukraine in October 2009 with                                                  provide information for asylum-seekers but also
Government and NGO participants from                                                        raise awareness of asylum procedures and
Belarus, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Slovakia,                                                protection concerns of the border guards;
Romania and Ukraine. The meeting included
cross-border visits to Hungary and Ukraine and                                              In cooperation with ECRE, UNHCR will continue
exchange of good practices with regard to profiling                                         to encourage and facilitate cross-border information
and referral at the border, including in detention;                                         exchange among NGOs;

Both under the RPSP and under the monitoring                                                     UNHCR will organize joint cross border
project that is implemented by ECRE, border                                                      monitoring missions to facilitate information and
monitoring staff have been recruited in the partner                                              experience exchange;
NGOs in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine;
                                                                                                 UNHCR will organize two cross-border meetings
A cross-border monitoring mechanism of                                                           with NGO and Government counterparts (at the
readmissions has been established among NGOs                                                     Eastern and at the Western border) in 2010;
from Belarus, Hungary, Moldova, Poland,
Slovakia, Romania and Ukraine. This mechanism
includes an information sharing protocol and a
readmission interview form that allows the NGOs


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to follow-up on individual cases of alleged
refoulement on both sides of the border

At the national level:

Belarus:

In 2007, a Memorandum of Understanding has
been signed between UNHCR, IOM, Government
counterparts and NGOs in order to establish border
monitoring and referral mechanisms. Those also set
up a basis for regular dialogue and information
exchange;

In February 2009, a working group meeting under
the “Strengthening Protection Capacity in the
Republic of Belarus – phase I” and
“Strengthening Protection Capacity in the Republic
of Belarus – phase II” projects was carried out. The
participants agreed on strategy of actions for 2009.

In April 2009, an evaluation meeting on cross-
border cooperation and exchange of information
within the project of “Strengthening the Protection
Capacity in Belarus - phase I” was carried out. This
was a final event of the first phase of the said
project. Afterwards, presentation of the second
phase of the project was conducted. The project, its
work-plan were presented and the first meeting of
Advisory Board was carried out.

An awareness building field seminar and


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protection monitoring visit were carried out to the
Centre of Detention of the Minsk City Executive
Committee Chief Department of Interior. The aim
of the visit was to see whether persons in need of
international protection have access to the asylum
information, procedures, as well as increase
knowledge of police officers in the work with
mixed groups of migrants and establish better
contacts between UNHCR, IOM and NGOs;

The first familiarization visit to the detention
facility of MIA Belarus by UNHCR took place in
November 2009 within framework of study
meeting for the personnel of MIA migration
authorities and detention facilities.        Next
familiarization visit to MIA detention facility is
planned in the first quarter of 2010;

NGOs in Belarus on a daily basis obtains
information about detentions of irregular migrants
from SBC Belarus (In 2009, UNHCR, IOM and
NGO staff carried out 41 border monitoring visits
and assisted some 131 persons). The Belarusian
Red Cross (BRC) Social monitors continue
missions and meetings with representatives of the
SBC at the border and closed detention facilities
providing to detained irregular migrants, including
asylum seekers,         humanitarian, food and
psychological assistance;

In 2009, Belarusian Movement of Medical Workers
that runs a Refugee Counselling Service (RCS)


                                                      11
project published a booklet on activities of RCS
and Belarusian Red Cross. The booklet is aimed at
informing detained irregular migrants about legal
counseling and assistance provided by RCS, as well
as the aid provided by Belarusian Red Cross;

A new questionnaire form was adopted in Belarus
for interviewing with detained irregular migrants at
the border.

In September 2009, a border monitoring visit was
arranged to the city of Brest in Belarus where a big
group of asylum-seekers and migrants from
Georgia crowded trying to cross Belarus-Poland
border. Due to combined efforts of UNHCR offices
in Belarus and Poland, the situation at the border
remained under the control and majority of asylum-
seekers, were able to cross the border into Poland;

In 2009 special IDs were issued to members of
border monitoring team in Belarus that consist of
UNHCR and NGOs. The IDs bear signatures of the
Chairman of State Border Committee and the head
of corresponding organization that employ a
member for the border monitoring team.


Moldova:

In 2009, a Memorandum of Understanding has
been signed between UNHCR, IOM, Government
counterparts and NGOs in order to establish border


                                                       12
monitoring and referral mechanisms. Those also set
up a basis for regular dialogue and information
exchange;

Refugee law course curricula were developed for
the National Border Guard College and “Stefan cel
Mare” Police Academy of Moldova. In September
2009 the refugee law course started at the Border
Guard College and a similar course at the MoI
Police Academy is due to begin in February 2010;

14 introductory trainings on access to the
national asylum procedure in case of asylum-
seekers applying at the state border were conducted
by the UNHCR-led Protection Monitoring Team
for Moldovan border guards at 22 border crossing
points, border guard regional detachments and
border guard posts in the northern western and
south-eastern parts of the country;

The UNHCR-led Protection Monitoring Team
(Govt – UNHCR – NGO) was set up and has so far
conducted 14 field missions to the border guard
regional detachments and border guard posts in the
northern western and south-eastern parts of the
country;

UNHCR Moldova organized a study visit to
Romania for its national implementing and
operational partners, inter alia, with a view to
familiarizing with the protection monitoring
mechanisms in Romania;


                                                      13
A mechanism of referral of asylum-seekers who
apply for protection at the state border has been
established in Moldova. UNHCR Moldova
contributed to the elaboration of the internal Border
Guard Service instructions governing transfer of
asylum-seekers from the state border to the central
refugee authority;

A practical guide in the area of asylum for
Moldovan border officials and information leaflets
on the asylum procedure in Moldova for asylum-
seekers applying at the border were elaborated by
UNHCR and printed;


Ukraine:                                                Ukraine:

UNHCR is invited on an annual basis to the State Regardless the numerous trainings that have been        In Ukraine, stakeholders should establish a general
Border Service academy in Ukraine to conduct conducted, it appears that entry officials,                 framework for NGO-government cooperation in the
lectures on refugee protection;                   especially so called „first contact entry officials,   field of information-sharing and protection
                                                  i.e. staff responsible for passport control, is not    monitoring;
Training and discussions with border guards are fully aware of protection risks and indicators
also provided during all border monitoring thereof. Asylum claims that are not directly                  Replicate IAM in other oblasts in Ukraine to
missions, over 20 of which were conducted by expressed or in a language that entry officials do          address specific local issues;
UNHCR staff in 2009                               not understand, including in some instances
                                                  English, are not always recognized as being
UNHCR staff participated in 5 trainings organised applications for refugee status and exposes
by ICMPD on use of COI and interview techniques asylum-seekers to a risk of refoulement. In
for screening at the border;                      Ukraine, UNHCR is aware of 15 cases instances
                                                  of refoulement or non-access to the territory in
In Ukraine, the regular monitoring missions 2009. In addition, UNHCR has conducted several
carried out by UNHCR staff, always include joint protection interventions to avoid refoulement.


                                                                                                                                                       14
meetings with NGOs and entry officials in order to Thus, the need for training, especially for junior
assess the situation, identify problems and discuss staff, remains.
possible solutions;
                                                     NGO access to border and detention facilities in
The central asylum authority and UNHCR have Ukraine remains insufficient. The situation varies
established an inter-agency meeting in Western from one region to another and if in certain
Ukraine to address issues of border monitoring and regions the access and information exchange
access to protection. Those meetings take place between NGOs and border guards is regular and
twice a year and involve the asylum authorities, law well established, this is not the case in all regions.
enforcement officials, border guards, NGOs, IOM, In some regions NGOs are denied access to
ECRE, DRC and UNHCR;                                 border and detention facilities, and thus to
                                                     potential persons of concern, and border guards
Leaflets on asylum procedures in six languages do not share information with NGOs.
were developed and re-edited in 2009. While they
are aimed at asylum-seekers, the leaflets also The experience of the Inter-Agency Meeting in
provide a useful reference on asylum procedures Western Ukraine shows that such a
for the border guards;                               comprehensive, multi-actor and consulted
                                                     approach is very effective and such forums could
UNHCR implementing partner NGOs conduct be established in other targeted locations as well.
legal assessment interviews with asylum-seekers,
including those who are apprehended at entry The profiling work done by NGOs can be
points in order to identify protection concerns effective only where they have access to border
and special needs. In such instances, they facilities and persons of concern in detention. The
subsequently inform the local border officials and amount of information for migrants and asylum-
work together with them to ensure an appropriate seekers, including persons at risk and with
referral of the individual;                          specific needs, at border venues is not fully
                                                     satisfactory. This information would serve the
In the framework of the RPSP, a working group double purpose of helping arriving persons to
has been set up in order to develop a profiling tool identify their needs and the procedures to follow
to be used by entry officials and law enforcement and also to provide border officials with
agencies in order to identify protection concerns information on protection concerns and specific
and specific needs. This working group involves needs.


                                                                                                              15
the State Committee for Nationalities and Religion       It is also hoped that the profiling questionnaire
(SCNR), the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine        will be finalized in near future, as this tool is seen
(SBGS), the Ministry of Interior (MOI), the State        as an important assistance in the identification of
Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), IOM, ECRE,            protection concerns.
ICMPD, the URC and UNHCR. A first draft of a             The challenge will be to ensure harmonized
profiling questionnaire has been developed and           understanding and use of this tool
comprises a set of indicators of different risk
groups and suggests referral and follow-up actions.
The work is being continued. It is planned to
provide training for the target agencies‟ junior staff
on how this form is to be used. A suggestion was
made by border guards to use it as a guiding
brochure;

In cooperation with the SBGS and the
Administration of Kyiv Boryspil Airport a light box
and information stands on asylum procedures in
Ukraine have been set up in the airport arrival zone;


Point 4. Reception Arrangements

At the regional level:

Through the Soderkoping process, UNHCR and the                                                                    UNHCR will continue dialogue with the
Governments of Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine                                                                       Government and external stakeholders to advocate
have cooperated with ENARO, receiving support                                                                     for the upgrading of the reception facilities and
from the latter through trainings for staff working                                                               conditions.
in Temporary Accommodation Centers (TAC).
Thus, a first training for participants from Belarus,
Moldova and Ukraine took place in Odessa in
March 2008. A second training, carried out in


                                                                                                                                                              16
Belarus, Moldova and in the two TACs in Ukraine
(Odessa and Mukachevo), took place in February
2009.

The majority of the asylum-seekers and refugees in
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine are accommodated
in the private sector in conditions that are often
sub-standard. In the absence of government
assistance, UNHCR is providing a Monthly
Subsistence Allowance to the most vulnerable.

At the national level:

Belarus:
Meetings      were    conducted    with     relevant
stakeholders in Belarus such as Minsk city
executive authorities; administration of Frunze
district and management of selected enterprises in
Minsk, to search for premises that after renovation
could be used for accommodation of recognized
refugees. As the result of performed activities 4
suitable flats were identified in Minsk. Currently,
the work is ongoing on technical specifications and
confirmation of legal status of apartments.
Consultations with the city authorities and
feasibility assessment are underway for establishing
an emergency temporary accommodation for
asylum-seekers in Minsk;

In Belarus, funds were provided to existing TACs
in Vitebsk, Gomel and the Reception Facility in the
airport for refurbishing of the accommodation


                                                       17
centre and improvement of interviewing/counseling
conditions.


A training on Sexual and Gender Based
Violence   (SGBV)      for    Government   and
communities was conducted in 2008. SGBV issues
are streamlined during all discussions with
Government on migration-related issues.

Moldova:

Renovation works of the unfinished block of the
accommodation center for asylum-seekers in
Chisinau for unaccompanied minors and single
women started in November 2009;

Ukraine:                                                Ukraine:

In 2009, a new reception facility for asylum-   The existence of an additional Temporary In Ukraine, continue advocacy for instructions on
seekers and refugees was opened in Western      Accommodation Centre (TAC) is seen as an the reception of unaccompanied and separated
Ukraine in the framework of the EU-funded       improvement, but is still not sufficient to cover children.
project, implemented by the Danish Refugee      the needs of all refugees and asylum-seekers in
Council, on refugee and asylum-seeking children.Ukraine. Especially persons living in the central
This additional accommodation centre brings the (Kyiv, Vinnitsa) or Eastern (Kharkiv, Donetsk,
                                                Lugansk) parts of Ukraine face difficulties. In
total number of reception facilities to three (one in
Odessa and two in Western Ukraine), with a totalgeneral, only the most vulnerable persons, such as
capacity of over 300;                           separated children or single-headed families can
                                                be accommodated in one of the TACs. In
So far, UNHCR conducted two workshops on addition, the conditions in the TACs are such that
SGBV for NGOs and local authorities in Kyiv additional humanitarian assistance has to be
(October 2007) and Western Ukraine (June 2009). provided by UNHCR and DRC, through their


                                                                                                                                      18
Through these workshops UNHCR provided implementing partners
training on identification of SGBV cases. In
addition, referral procedures were developed for
each region, including designated focal points in
different NGOs and Government agencies.

Regarding individual cases, UNHCR has dealt
with seven SGBV cases in coordination with NGOs
and authorities (for example in order to achieve
accommodation in one of the TACs where the
concerned person is protected from further risks).

Point 5. Mechanisms for identification
(profiling) and referral

At the regional level:
During the regional cross-border cooperation
meeting in October 2009, UNHCR conducted a
workshop on good practices with regard to
profiling and referral. The collection of good
practices and recommendations from Belarus,
Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania and Ukraine
are compiled in the report of the meeting
(attached). It is planned to keep exchanging good
practices in this regard with neighboring countries;

In November 2009, UNHCR, jointly with ECRE,
organized a study visit, which inter alia focused on
profiling and referral mechanisms at borders;

NGO partners in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine


                                                               19
provide information and legal counselling to
asylum-seekers, refugees and migrants. Through
the registration form, the lawyers establish a
preliminary profile of the person and identify risks
at the earliest possible stage. Persons who do not
wish to apply for asylum and who express the wish
to return to their country of origin are referred to
IOM for the AVR programme.


At the national level:

Belarus:

A study visit to Germany was carried out for
Belarusian officials in September 2009 to study
specifically various aspects of interviewing
(including on state of the applicant‟s psychological
and physical health, gender considerations,
interviews with victims of violence, etc.);

The study visit was followed by a
training/seminar in October 2009 in Minsk with
participation of international experts where other
eligibility officers     from migration services
attended sessions on interviewing of asylum-
seekers;

The asylum authorities in Belarus have prepared
briefing materials for asylum-seekers, refugees
and persons with complementary protection
status with information on their rights and duties,


                                                       20
especially pertaining to RSD procedure and rules of
stay during the procedure. Currently the
information is being translated into different
languages;

In 2009 RCS (Belarus) prepared a list of
interpreters for rare languages who can be
available for interpretation during interviews with
detained migrants and asylum-seekers. The
interpreters from all the regions in Belarus were
included in the list.                                   UNHCR Moldova will continue trainings and
                                                        information sessions on identification and referral
                                                        of asylum-seekers from the state border or
Moldova:                                                detention to the central refugee authority;

A mechanism of referral of asylum-seekers who           UNHCR Moldova will transfer the remaining EU-
apply for protection at the state border has been       funded vehicles to its operational partners for
established in Moldova. UNHCR Moldova                   protection monitoring missions;
contributed to the elaboration of the internal Border
Guard Service instructions governing transfer of
asylum-seekers from the state border to the central
refugee authority;

A practical guide on asylum legislation and
referral of asylum-seekers from the state border to
the central refugee authority has been elaborated by
UNHCR Moldova. Information leaflets on the
asylum procedure in Moldova, including for those
applying at the border, were elaborated by UNHCR
Moldova and printed;

UNHCR Moldova has organized a number of                 In 2010, UNHCR, together with IOM, will train


                                                                                                      21
training sessions for border guards, MAC staff                                                               NGO partners on identification of victims of
and the NGO “Institute for Penal Reform”, which          As mentioned above (see Point 3. Protection-        trafficking. It is also planned to disseminate (or
provides legal and social assistance at the MAC, on      sensitive entry systems), the profiling conducted   distribute – dispose means to put in the rubbish)
the identification and referral of asylum-seekers to     by border guards and law enforcement official       self-identification posters for victims of trafficking
the central refugee authority;                           remains inconsistent Sometimes, risks and           at THFs and TACs.
                                                         specific protection concerns are not identified or
Ukraine:                                                 are only identified at a later stage.              As mentioned above, UNHCR will conduct training
                                                                                                            session for first contact entry officials with a focus
 Information leaflets “Refugee status in                 Even though NGOs have been trained and have a on risk indicators and recommendations on follow-
Ukraine” are disposed at border points and in            certain amount of expertise, the quality of the up activities and referral.
detention facilities. Those leaflets, available in all   profiling and referral needs to be further
main refugee languages inform on refugee status,         strengthened and harmonized.                       UNHCR will conduct several resettlement trainings
asylum procedures and rights and obligations; In                                                            in the regions with a focus on resettlement needs
addition, A4 and A3 posters in five languages,           The situation is also affected by the fact that    and early identification and referral to UNHCR of
containing short information on the right to seek        NGOs do not always have access to persons of       persons with specific needs.
asylum and NGO partners‟ phone numbers, will be          concerns and might in some cases not be aware
printed under the Regional Protection Project for        that a person with protection concerns and/or      UNHCR will further focus on establishing and
dissemination at entry points, transit points and in     specific needs is in detention.                    strengthening referral mechanisms, both for NGOs
detention facilities and serve as tools for self-                                                           and Government counterparts, for different
identification;                                                                                             categories of migrants, refugees and asylum-
                                                                                                            seekers.
As mentioned above, a working group has been
established to develop a common profiling tool.                                                              Together with IOM and ECRE, UNHCR will
The objective is not only to develop a checklist /                                                           provide training on the use of the profiling
questionnaire for early identification of certain                                                            questionnaire, highlighting the importance of the
groups at risk, including people in need of                                                                  different risk indicators and the referral
international protection and victims of trafficking,                                                         mechanisms.
but also to recommend actions for referral and
follow-up;

UNHCR, together with its social and legal NGO
partners, has developed referral mechanisms and


                                                                                                                                                              22
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for
cases of Sexual and Gender Based Violence
(SGBV);

UNHCR participated in trainings organised by
ICMPD on screening at the border and the
importance of COI therein.

Point 6. Differentiated processes and procedures
                                                        UNHCR will continue to support the further
At the regional level:                                  development of comprehensive approaches with
                                                        regard to refugee protection in the context of mixed
In the framework of the Soderkoping Process a           migration in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine
workshop on the European Asylum Curriculum              through advice, training and monitoring of the
took place in October 2009 with participants from       situation;
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine. The objective of
this workshop was to discuss the possible               UNHCR offices in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine
transposition of the EAC for use in Belarus,            will continue advocating for the countries‟
Moldova and Ukraine. It was decided that a              accession to the UN statelessness conventions;
feasibility study in this regard will be conducted in
the framework of the Soderkoping Process

UNHCR is working to establish a network for
Russian translation. Refworld will also eventually
be made available in Russian.

At the national level:

Belarus:

In 2009, Refugee Counselling Service continued
regular monitoring of recent COI documents and


                                                                                                       23
prepared monthly updates in Russian language of
new sources of COI with short annotation and
internet links. These updates have been distributed
to the Department for Citizenship and Migration
(DCM) and UNHCR offices. They are available
online at UNHCR web-site. The RCS assists in
search and translation (if necessary) of requested
materials for migration services and DCM.

An international competition on refugee law
“New Horizon” was organized in cooperation with
the Academy of the MIA Belarus in June 2009 in
Minsk. It familiarized some 500 police cadets with
refugee law and practices of work with refugees.
The event gathered 5 teams (20 participants) from
Belarus, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan from
the educational institutions of ministries of internal
affairs.

In 2009, UNHCR Belarus in cooperation with
BMMW held two awareness building seminars
for local executive authorities and self-
governance bodies. The events gathered
approximately 100 senior decision and policy
makers, NGOs and international organizations. The
participants were given sessions on refugee
protection and migration, as well as on the work of
organisations dealing with protection and assistance
to asylum seekers and refugees in Belarus. The
seminars took place in Gomel and Grodno as
continuation of training sessions previously carried
out in Brest and Minsk within the Phase I of the


                                                         24
project.

In 2009, a new study on compatibility of national
legislation of Belarus with 1997 European
Convention on Nationality was carried out with a
view to discuss in 2010 possibilities of accession.
As studies contain positive recommendations for
accession to statelessness conventions, the DCM of
MIA supported the idea to host a regional
conference on statelessness scheduled in 2010.
Before the conference, a smaller seminar on
statelessness will be carried out for Belarusian
authorities to discuss the outcomes of the studies
and position of Belarus to the conference.


Moldova:

UNHCR conducted regular trainings and case
conferences with the Refugee Directorate staff
aimed at improving the quality of government
RSD procedure and asylum;

The Moldovan asylum legislation provides for
complementary forms of protection since 2006.


Ukraine:

UNHCR has continued to highlight the importance Ukrainian law does not provide for any forms of UNHCR will continue to advocate    for
of the principle of non-refoulement with complementary protection. Thus, people in need complementary forms of protection
Government counterparts. In some individual cases, of international protection who do not fall under


                                                                                                                                  25
direct protection interventions by UNHCR and its the Refugee Convention do not receive the
NGO partners have prevented refoulement of necessary protection.
persons in need of international protection.
                                                     Currently, there are no alternatives to detention.
In the framework of the IOM GUMIRA project, Asylum-seekers who apply for asylum from
UNHCR was invited to several meetings, detention after a court order on detention for
discussions and trainings around the issue of purposes of expulsion cannot be released from
detention of migrants. At each occasion, UNHCR detention before the six-months detention period
has highlighted its position on detention of asylum- has elapsed.
seekers and advocated for alternatives to
detention. UNHCR partner NGOs are following up In general, the awareness of protection concerns
on cases of detained asylum-seekers and launching and the assessment capacity of asylum authorities
court appeals against the detention decisions based and other agencies that are involved in the asylum
on irregular stay in Ukraine.                        process, such as courts or the office of the
                                                     prosecutor, need to be further strengthened. The
In order to support the improvement of fair and use of Country of Origin Information remains
efficient asylum procedures, UNHCR has provided insufficient, due also to a lack of available COI in
and facilitated training on Country of Origin Russian or Ukrainian language. The quality of
Information (COI) and Refugee Status RSD decisions is not always satisfactory.
Determination (RSD) with Regional Migration
Services and central authorities.                    In autumn 2009, the General Prosecutor‟s office
                                                     has reviewed positive asylum decisions that had
The SCNR established a Country of Origin been taken by the central asylum authority and
Information       Unit,     which     was     funded subsequently 15 decisions, that had already
consecutively by the Danish Refugee Council and entered into force have been cancelled on the
under the GDISC/ERIT EU-funded project. This grounds that the refugee criteria had not been
unit provides COI in Russian or Ukrainian to RMS initially met or not sufficiently been documented.
upon their request.                                  It appears in this situation that these decisions of
                                                     cancellation contradict several international and
UNHCR has continued to advocate for national general principles and rules set out in the
complementary forms of protection and for 1951 Refugee Convention. This is seen as a
accession to the Conventions on Statelessness.       worrying development and UNHCR has reacted


                                                                                                            26
                                                      to this with several letters and has developed a
In order to raise awareness of the Statelessness strategy to deal with the individual cases who
issue in the sub-region, a photo mission to 4 regions were concerned by the decision and to avoid such
hosting the majority of stateless persons (incl. decisions in future.
Crimean Tatars, ethnic Koreans and persons with
expired Soviet passports) was carried out in As mentioned above, the unachieved shifting of
summer 2009. The photos have been exhibited the asylum component from one State authority to
during the UNHCR Excom in Geneva.                     another leads to a situation where currently no
                                                      final RSD decisions are issued which leaves some
                                                      asylum-seekers undocumented and at increased
                                                      risk of being apprehended, detained and deported.
7. Solutions for refugees

At the regional level:
Following the Local Integration Study on Belarus,       The chances for local integration remain                UNHCR will continue to advocate for
Moldova and Ukraine, the three governments              relatively poor. Government funding is                  comprehensive national integration policies and the
worked with UNHCR to develop a local                    constrained by budget shortcomings in Belarus,          allocation of State resources therefore in Belarus,
integration project, whose Phase I is currently         Moldova and Ukraine. Governmental assistance            Moldova and Ukraine.
funded by the EU. The project was launched in           for housing, language and employment
April 2009 and aims to support Government                                                                  In the framework of the LIP, UNHCR will address
                                                        opportunities is thus not sufficient to cover all the
structures in assisting refugees to locally integrate                                                      individual needs in the integration process and
                                                        needs of refugees, or not existent at all The LIP is
in the three countries. In the framework of the         aiming at improving the situation in this regard;  work on the development of efficient integration
project, UNHCR and its implementing partners                                                               mechanisms and opportunities with involvement of
support the local integration of refugees through       Development and implementation of a government actors.
language courses and professional development           programme to attain local integration for refugees
opportunities;                                          in a context where government do not have a
                                                        comprehensive integration programme, and Due to the delayed involvement of Governments in
To ensure efficient implementation of the project, a    where the refugee community is fragmented and local integration activities, an extension of the local
regional programme training was conducted in            unable to develop community-support structures, integration project until the end of 2011, as well as
Moldova in July 2009. The training targeted project     is a difficult venture. A sustainable integration a commencement of Phase II, is recommended.
staff of the governments, implementing partners         programme cannot rely only upon external


                                                                                                                                                              27
and UNHCR in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine;     funding. Hence, to achieve sustainability of
                                               integration projects the existing administrative
                                               and socio-economic structure of the country
                                               needs to absorb the spirit and the structures of the
                                               project into its own fabric.

                                               The international economic crisis has affected the
                                               economic systems of Belarus, Moldova and
                                               Ukraine, and the space for economic integration
                                               of refugees has significantly shrunk.


                                               UNHCR has applied for a second phase of the
                                               project under the new thematic call. It appears
                                               crucial that the support to development of
                                               national integration policies and mechanisms
                                               continues in order to achieve sustainable results.
                                               The support to individuals with regard to
                                               language and employment are also considered to
                                               be necessary in future;
Training on early identification of resettlement                                                      EU Member States should consider introducing or
needs was conducted with NGO partners from                                                            expanding their existing resettlement quota for
Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine in April 2009 and at Resettlement process has been considerable          refugees in the three countries.
a workshop in November 2009.                      affected by the rotation and/or absence of          UNHCR will plan regular resettlement missions to
                                                  Refugee Status Determination experts;               the regions in order to identify urgent resettlement
                                                                                                      needs and provide on-the-job training to NGO
                                                                                                      partners.


                                                                                                      UNHCR will open a staff position for a Refugee
                                                                                                      Status Determination expert (Associate
                                                                                                      Resettlement Officer) and a Resettlement Assistant


                                                                                                                                                     28
                                                                                                           in order to increase the capacity of Resettlement
At the national level:                                                                                     Unit.

Belarus:


The number of naturalized refugees in Belarus          In Belarus, the LIP was registered later in         As proposed by the first National Steering
increased by 32 and thus, bringing the total           October    2010   and  has    delayed   the         Committee, the project implementation period
number of refugees who received the Belarusian         commencement of the Local Integration of            should be extended until the end of 2011 to ensure
citizenship to 108 persons;                            Refugees Project.                                   that all planned activities are implemented.

The LI project opened a new area for the structured    The increased cost of living had a negative
work on integration of refugees in Belarus. The        impact not only on the cost of project activities
local integration has been further promoted as a       but on all spheres of refugee well-being, having
durable solution in Belarus and resulted in an         an adverse affect on their capacity to integrate.
increased multi-stakeholder dialogue on this issue.
The involvement of the MIA, established
cooperation with executive authorities including in
the regions, increased awareness of line Ministries
have been achieved and have a special value for
implementation of the project;

Government authorities are interested in the
implementation of the project and committed to
support to the project at the national and
regional/local levels.

Partially due to the state approval mechanism, local
integration has been further promoted as a durable
solution for recognized refugees in Belarus and
resulted in an increased multi-stakeholder dialogue.



                                                                                                                                                           29
2 persons (2 cases) had voluntarily repatriated to
Afghanistan (UNHCR VolRep) from Belarus; 4
cases (17 persons) submitted for resettlement; 3
cases (13 persons) persons departed for Canada; 4
cases (15 persons) pending for decision by the
resettlement country;

The work was carried out for distribution of
integration grant collecting information on
refugees in rural areas, as well as contacts were
established with state employment agencies and
information was obtained about vacancies and
available living accommodations in Belarus. This
information was published in the magazine “Sadai
Afghan” to the refugee communities;

In Belarus, the committee of refugee parents has
been operational and took part in the decision
making process and organizing community
activities, in particular, events/festivals on national
cultures, Navruz, Women‟s International Day;
excursions around Belarus. All these activities
mostly included refugee women who were
encouraged to take active roles and participation.

Monthly refugee newsletters were issued and
distributed among communities by refugee
volunteers. This was supported by the CCA
“Evrika” in Belarus.




                                                          30
Moldova:

Governmental and NGO partners actively engaged Many potential employers in Chisinau, especially UNHCR and partners will increase information for
in the implementation of the Local Integration in the manufacturing sector, coped with the harsh the refugee population on the new activities as
                                               impact of the international economic crisis offered under the Local Integration Project.
Project and thus local integration as the durable
solution. Tangible developments in language    reducing number of employees. At the same time
                                               very many Moldovan migrant workers are
training, vocational training, job counseling, and
socio-cultural events should be marked.        returning after having lost their jobs in other
                                               European countries. Vacancies are now few and
                                               priority is given to Moldovan citizens. Refugees,
A durable solutions assessment in case of most who are already less competitive on the market
vulnerable refugees and beneficiaries of (due to their skills profile, education background
humanitarian protection was conducted by UNHCR or language barriers), find it more and more
Moldova.                                       difficult to get employment.

Community development services in Moldova
were focused on facilitation of integration of
vulnerable categories into society and supporting
their community building and self-sufficiency
through organizing cultural orientation and extra-
curricular activities in co-operation with other
NGOs, Government and international organizations
was provided;

Free Romanian language course is provided to
refugees and beneficiaries of humanitarian
protection in Moldova by Free International
University of Moldova;

Under the Local Integration Project, specialized
medical    assistance    in   the     form     of
psychotherapeutic and psychological assistance to


                                                                                                                                           31
asylum seekers, refugees and beneficiaries of
humanitarian status, was included in the general
health care;

The Istanbul Protocol - manual on the effective
investigation and documentation of torture and
other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment containing internationally recognized
standards and procedures on how to recognize and
document symptoms of torture for doctors and
lawyers in Moldova - was edited and printed
(4000 copies);

Employment programme (including assessment
of skills, identification of relevant vacancies,
vocational training, job placement etc.) established
in partnership with UNDP Moldova to assist
refugees and beneficiaries with humanitarian
protection;

UNHCR Moldova organized a study visit to
Romania for its national implementing and
operational partners, in order to make an exchange
of good practices in the area of local integration.
Particular attention was paid to housing,
employment and legal issues, as main components
of the integration procedure;


Ukraine:




                                                       32
Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted the           In Ukraine, the implementation of the LIP has        UNHCR and partners will introduce opportunities
Resolution No. 853-r, according to which the          been considerably affected and delayed by the        for employment or self-employment through the
government Refugee Integration Plan is                already mentioned restructuring of the asylum        provision of support to refugee employment and
adopted. While the Refugee Integration Plan           authorities in Ukraine. The government is not yet    opening of self-reliance grants.
reflects in many instances the Local Integration      willing to take the responsibility of the project    UNHCR, with the support of other UN agencies,
Project, no funding is envisaged for the              and thus ensure the ownership of the local           will foster the involvement of employers‟
implementation of the activities.                     integration activities. Some actions are being       associations to promote employment opportunities
                                                      done in parallel without consulting with UNHCR.      for refugees.
Partners of the project have established working Without the overall support from the government
contact with government.                              side, it is very difficult to push forward the
                                                      activities aimed at local integration of refugees.
There is growing number of refugees opting for
the activities that should lead to local integration The situation in the official employment system is
(i.e. language training, vocational training, diploma such that governmental services are able to
recognition)                                          channel only the information on the low-paid
                                                      vacancies that do not meet refugee needs


In 2009 UNHCR has put specific efforts into
increase the number of refugees resettled to safe
third countries and the number of submissions and
departures increased by 100% in the region.

Briefings were conducted with Embassies of EU
Member States in order to raise awareness of those
about the poor chances of local integration for some
categories of refugees and their resettlement needs.

8. Addressing secondary movement

UNHCR and its NGO partners have continued to Secondary movement remains a reality in the sub- UNHCR will continue to advocate and provide
provide counseling to asylum-seekers on region due in part to the protection situation, support to the development of fair and efficient


                                                                                                                                                      33
potential adverse consequences of secondary reception conditions and difficulties faced in               asylum systems and reception conditions in
movement;                                             securing durable solutions in Belarus, Moldova     Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine that would ensure
                                                      and Ukraine..                                      safety and protection to asylum seekers and
UNHCR has elaborated Standard Operating Some asylum-seekers repeatedly attempt to cross                  refugees.
Procedures on Legal Assistance according to the border into the EU, which has a negative
which asylum-seekers are informed at the earliest impact on the acceptance and assessment of their       In the meantime, UNHCR and its partners will
stage of the registration that will not receive legal asylum claim, the applications being rejected as   continue to provide counseling on the possible
assistance from UNHCR and its partners in case manifestly not credible or unfounded.                     negative consequences of secondary movement.
they repeatedly cross or attempt to cross the border
irregularly;                                                                                             All stakeholders should obtain information about
                                                                                                         the existence of family members of asylum seekers
UNHCR has continued to advocate with                                                                     living in EU Member States and should prioritise
Government authorities on the fact that the simple                                                       support for family reunification in these cases.
intention of secondary movement or even the
attempt to cross the border should not be seen as
grounds to consider the asylum application as
manifestly unfounded or abusive.

9. Return arrangements and alternative
migration options for non-refugees

UNHCR, NGO partners and government                    Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine still lack UNHCR will continue close cooperation with IOM
counterparts continued to coordinate with IOM on      comprehensive migration policies that would on screening of migrants. This also implies further
the referral of non-refugees for Assisted Voluntary   provide for strategies on protection, regular and work on the joint profiling tool (see above) that
Return (AVR) and counseling on return;                irregular migration.                              would assist border and law enforcement officials,
                                                                                                        as well as NGOs, in profiling and referral of
UNHCR implementing partners conduct a legal Governments do not have budgets for assisted different categories of migrants and harmonise the
assessment at the earliest possible stage in order to voluntary return.                                 overall coordination of processes.
identify those persons whose claim appears to be
related to the 1951 refugee convention. In case of a The EU-funded GUMIRA project implemented            UNHCR and its partners will continue to advocate
negative decision, persons are counseled on the by IOM has only limited funding for assisted            for and support the development of comprehensive
available options, including return, and referred to voluntary return.                                  migration policies that provide for strategies also


                                                                                                                                                      34
IOM.                                                                                                                 with regard to return arrangements of non-refugees
                                                                                                                     (and safeguards therein).
10. Information strategy in countries of origin,                                                                        - Continue raising awareness through the
transit and arrival1                                                                                                        website and make better use of new media
                                                                                                                            (social platforms, twitter, blogging etc).
At the regional level:                                                                                                  - Continue vigorous monitoring of public
                                                                                                                            attitudes and media coverage in the region.
UNHCR takes active part in various discussions,                                                                         - Engage more with opinion-leaders and
including on broader migration issues to make sure                                                                          sources of information (like press services
that asylum and refugee issues are taken into                                                                               of the government)
consideration and adequately reflected.                                                                                 - Continue advocacy and maximize impact
                                                                                                                            through partnership and cooperation with
UNHCR is engaged in a dialogue with a range of                                                                              AI, OSCE/ODIHR, CoE, EU etc
partners, including the governments, international
community, civil society, media and refugee
communities and monitors public attitudes and                                                                        UNHCR will continue to raise awareness about
media reporting.                                                                                                     refugees among Government, NGOs and media
                                                                                                                     through targeted trainings and workshops and
UNHCR Regional website maintained in 4                                                                               through UNHCR public channels.
languages (English, Russian, Ukrainian and                                                                           The Diversity Initiative should continue to monitor
Romanian) provides regular and up to date                                                                            the situation and media reports in order to identify
information concerning UNHCR activities, policies                                                                    xenophobia and hate speech and to react to it in an
and implementation of 10pp plan. The increasing                                                                      appropriate manner.
number of visitors proves that the website is seen as                                                                - UNHCR strongly advises the government of
a useful and reliable source of information in the                                                                   Ukraine to take use of various resources offered by
region and beyond.                                                                                                   OSCE/ODIHR, in particular a training programme
                                                                                                                     for law-enforcement officers and analysis/review of
At the national level:                                                                                               national legislation in order to bring it in line with
                                                                                                                     international standards.?
Belarus:

        1
            Please also refer to Information Strategies mentioned under other points, such as Point 3 and Point 5.


                                                                                                                                                                      35
                                                      Not all segments of the population have a positive
In Belarus, IPA “Evolutio” continued preparation      attitude towards foreigners or minority groups,
and edition of the academic Journal on                however UNHCR office in Minsk feels that
International Law and International Relations.        except for sporadic and isolated incidents, there is
In 2009 four issues of the journal were published,    no widespread or pattern of racially motivated
17 articles were devoted to asylum and refugee        crimes.
issues. The journal is available in hard copy and
published in the Internet;

A compilation of legislation on asylum,
migration and citizenship titled as “Forced
Migration in the Republic of Belarus” was prepared
jointly by the IPA “Evolutio” and the MIA. 1000
copies of this edition were published in January
2010 and being disseminated among professional
groups involved in refugee and migration work;

In December 2009, the research on “Protection of
Refugees and Strengthening of Tolerance in the
Multicultural Society” was compiled by 49
students and postgraduates from 19 higher
educational institutions in Belarus in cooperation
with UNHCR and IPA “Evolutio”. Five winners
were awarded with diplomas and scholarships;

IPA “Evolutio” operated a web site in Russian
language on refugee issues that contains
information on current project activities for
refugees in Belarus, legal documents and related
documents. For the period of January-December
2009, the web site was visited by some 250 000
users. It can be accessed through a following link:


                                                                                                             36
link: http://en.evolutio.info;

- BRC organized a summer camp for its volunteers
and refugees where they played an educational
role-play “Youth on the Run” with simulation of
refugee situation.

Ukraine:

In Ukraine, UNHCR is part of the Diversity            Since 2005 incidents of xenophobia and racism in
Initiative in which international organizations and   Ukraine have increased. Though 2009 saw some
NGOs participate. The objective it is to identify,    improvement of the situation due to orchestrated
report and combat xenophobia and hate crimes;         efforst of civil society and the law-enforcement
                                                      bodies, following the pressure of the international
UNHCR has been monitoring public statements           community, little has been done to assist the
made by central and local authorities and has         victims and put the end to impunity. Government
reacted to each xenophobic statement;                 officials, especially in border regions and
                                                      politicians were a source of hate speech widely
UNHCR has organized two trainings /                   disseminated by media. The Presidential election
roundtables for journalists and press services in     campaign and political discourse in Ukraine was
order to raise their awareness and increase the       full of migrantophobia and hate speech. This
objectiveness of their reporting on migration and     greatly affected safety and protection of asylum
asylum;                                               seekers and refugees.
                                                      RR Kyiv noticed overall deterioration of the
A workshop on xenophobia has been conducted           satiation of the civil society (inspections by law-
with NGO partners in November 2009.                   enforcement of NGO offices and staff,
                                                      intimidation and vandalization of NGO offices in
In Ukraine, UNHCR is part of the Diversity            border region and Kyiv).
Initiative in which international organizations and
NGOs participate. The objective it is to identify,
report and combat xenophobia and hate crimes;




                                                                                                            37
UNHCR has been monitoring public statements Concretely, the problem seems to be linked to
made by central and local authorities and has different factors:
reacted to each xenophobic statement;             - Lack of political will to tackle
                                                      xenophobia; institutionalized racism;
UNHCR has organized two trainings /               - Absence of training for law enforcement
roundtables for journalists and press services in     officials; wide-spread corruption among
order to raise their awareness and increase the       the police;
objectiveness of their reporting on migration and - Lack of information for broader
asylum;                                               population on distinction between
                                                      irregular migrants and refugees; lack of
A workshop on xenophobia has been conducted           awareness      about     protection   and
with NGO partners in November 2009.                   integration needs;
                                                  - Demonization and politicization of
                                                      migrants and refugees.
                                                  - Insufficient legislation and improper
                                                      implementation of the legislation;
                                                  - Lack of reliable statistics on hate crimes;
                                                      vast underreporting of the problem.




                                                                                                  38

				
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