ORAD FY05 Q3.ppt - NOAA

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  FY05 Q3
     ORAD Quarterly Review Contents

• 3rd Quarter Highlights
• ORAD Quad Chart
• Supporting Information
    Performance Parameters
    Schedule and Major Milestones
    Budget & Resources
    Issues, Risks, and Corrective Actions
• Summary & Look Ahead
• Backup PPBES ORAD Quads
           Major Performance Measures
          Performance                                               Issues
•No 3rd QTR NESDIS Milestones; 4th QTR
Milestone in progress                          • Funding-limitations     preclude
                                               replacement hiring

                                               • Insufficient  funding for MOBY
                                                       - Element of NPP/NPOESS cal/val
                                                       - Partial funding received permitting
            Schedule                                   operations to continue into FY05.
                                                       Insufficient funds to complete FY06
•Develop seafloor roughness
characterization product.                                   Funding (K)

                                                                        Q3    Q1+Q2+Q3    Q1+Q2+Q3
•Transition GOES-POES best-value     Program   Allocation   Q3 Plan
                                                                       Plan   Obligated   Obligated
blended SST product to operations.
                                                   $            $       %        $           %
•Obtain ASCAT processing software
from EUMETSAT and initiate           Ocean
modifications for NOAA specific      Remote      3682        2907      79.0    $3076        83 %
processing requirements.
                                     Reef         943        928       98.4     439        46.5%
•Complete validation of QuikSCAT     Watch
high wind speed model function
                        3rd Quarter Highlights
          SST and Aerosol: NOAA-18 Preparation for Operations
                     POES Aerosol                                       GOES SST
                                                            GODAE L2P Format
•  initiated Multi-Unit Task (MUT) processing for N18
                                                            GOES-SST L2P software completed
•  SST uses N16 equations and Aerosol uses ORA-
   delivered look-up-tables/Pre-launch Cal                  Test and Run June/July
•  generated rotated 8-day SSTOBS and AEROBS                Complete August
•  began collection of N18 SST and aerosol match-           GOES-Buoy-NCEP Match-Up
   up data.                                                 Software completed
ORA                                                         Streamlined and optimized
•  delivered N18 aerosol look-up tables                     GOES contractor will run experimentally until OSDPD
•  tested software to derive initial N18 SST                takes over
   coefficients based on buoy validation
•  will calculate coefficients after enough statistics is   BENEFIT: Information appended to improve
   accumulated (on or around 14 July 2005)
                                                            estimates of accuracy and bias.
•  deliver coefficients to OSDPD for operational
•  adjusted global QC software to work with N18             IMPACT: Baseline from which higher quality SST
   SSTOB/AEROBS data                                        products can be developed
•  preliminarily tested using 8 days of data from 8-16
   June 2005.
•  aerosol test results are shown in the next vu-graph
•  SST will be tested once N18 coefficients are

BENEFIT: SST from N18 generated and validated
   quicker than from past polar satellites.
IMPACT: Provide SST to users within 45 days after
   launch as opposed to previous 4 months.
                   3rd Quarter Highlights
Bathymetry from Altimetry: Developing Sea Floor Roughness

                                              An interagency MOU is being prepared by
                                              NOAA, NGA, and Navy to produce an updated
                                              version of the Smith and Sandwell global
                                              predicted bathymetry solution, using newly
                                              available ship survey data for control and an
                                              improved gravity model.
                                              Bathymetry estimated from satellite altimetry
                                              continues to provide the best publicly available
                                              mapping of the sea floor over 90% of the ocean
                                              area, according to an internal Navy study.

                                              Bathymetric solutions based on ship surveys
                                              can fail to resolve even major features of the
                                              seafloor. LSA research (Marks and Smith,
                                              International Hydrographic Review, in press)
                                              demonstrates that predicted bathymetry is also
                                              useful for Law of the Sea applications, as
                                              shown in the adjacent figure (Marks & Smith).

Impact: Provides bathymetric data to be assimilated into models for improved global solutions.
              3rd Quarter Highlights

              Ocean Surface Winds
•   A high wind model function for QuikSCAT has been developed utilizing
    measurements from the Ocean Winds experimental program
    utilizing microwave remote-sensing instruments aboard the NOAA P-3
    aircraft. This effort is a collaboration with ORA, the Unverisity of
    Massachusetts, AOML/Hurricane Research Division and NOAA/Aircraft
    Operations Center.

•   Model is currently running in parallel with the 12.5km QuikSCAT
    processing in ORA's development environment. The full validation
    of these data has not yet been completed at ORA due to competing
    committments to the WindSat program.

•   Model has also been released to JPL and others on NASA's Ocean
    Surface Vector Wind Science Team for evaluation, and will be one
    of the topics of discussion at an upcoming QuikSCAT high winds meeting
    at JPL (July 6th).
         Performance Parameters

• Develop seafloor roughness characterization product.

• Transition GOES-POES best-value blended SST product
  to operations. In progress

• Obtain ASCAT processing software from EUMETSAT
  and initiate modifications for NOAA specific processing
  requirements. Planned for mid-summer delivery

• Complete validation of QuikSCAT high wind speed
  model function    Validation in process
       Schedule – Major Milestones
• Complete initial validation of the Depth Integrated Primary
  Productivity Model
    – Q4        In progress

Detailed Milestones
• Develop seafloor roughness chracterization product.

• Transition GOES-POES best-value blended SST product to

• Obtain ASCAT processing software from EUMETSAT and initiate
  modifications for NOAA specific processing requirements.

• Complete validation of QuikSCAT high wind speed model function
            Obligation Plan
           OR & F - FY 2005
           Plan vs. Actual Obligations
                  ($ in Millions)





                1st Qtr   2nd Qtr   3rd Qtr   4th Qtr
ORS Planned     0.362      1.671    3.706     3.773
ORS Actual      0.266      1.191    3.076
Coral Planned     0        0.665    0.928     0.943
Coral Actual      0        0.129    0.439
                    Obligation Plan
                    PAC - FY 2005
                Plan vs. Actual Obligations
                       ($ in Millions)
          1st Qtr        2nd Qtr       3rd Qtr   4th Qtr
Planned     0              0             0         0
Actual      0              0             0
        Budget Detail & Variance ($K)

Work Breakdown             FY 05   FY 05     %
   Structure               Plan    Actual   Variance

Ocean Remote Sensing       3706    3076      17

Coral Reef Watch           928     493       47

Explanation of Variances
           Personnel Resources
                 FY 2005
                    Plan vs. Actual FTE

          1st Qtr        2nd Qtr      3rd Qtr   4th Qtr
Planned     32             32             32      32
Actual      28             30             30
            Explanation of Variances

FTE losses:
        1 in 2002
        2 in 2003
        1 in FY04 Q3.
        1 in FY05 Q1 – retired;
        2 in FY05 Q2 – resignations

    • Hired Ocean Dynamics Branch Chief (Dr. Laury Miller); need to fill
    SSHST position (currently being replaced by John Lillibridge)
    • Contractor hired into SSTST - Wen Meng.

    • 2 resignation replacements hired. Net change is zero.
    • One visiting scientist transferred to a contract position (CRW-2nd
    QTR FY05)
    • 3 Replacement hiring in process during FY05Q1. (Hiring completed
    for 2 FTE in Jan 05)
    • Budget reduction precluded earlier replacements. Insufficient
    funding to replace remaining 2 FTE.
        Major Grants & Acquisitions

3rd Quarter Completed:                 Amount
                                    ($ in Millions)
ORS                                    0.7382

University of Queensland Contract     0.024999

4th Quarter Completed/Upcoming:

ORS                                     0.184
      Federal Employees, Contractors
               and Grantees
                            Plan vs. Actual FTE











                    2005 Plan 1st QTR 2nd QTR   3rd QTR   4th QTR

Grantees               7        4        3         3
Contractors            19      17       18        19
Federal Employees      32      28       28        28
     Issues, Risks, and Corrective Actions

•   Personnel shortages will adversely impact ORA’s scientific leadership
    role in the GOES-R acquisition process, as well as the NPOESS
     – Mitigation
        • Replacement hires are proceeding as planned, with the exception of those that
           are funding limited.
        • Focus is being placed on skills needed to facilitate technical support of the new
           operational systems

•   Marine Optical Buoy (MOBY)
     – Transition of research/development to operations
     – Critical calibration asset for NPP/NPOESS VIIRS and GOES-R HES-CW
     – Falling through cracks:
     – Mitigation
         • Need SHARED funding commitment by relevant programs (acquisition and
            operational) for ocean color calibration
         • Need clear designation of entities responsible for acquisition support funding
            and clear designation of entities responsible for operational funding
             Summary & Look Ahead

Major Milestones

•   Develop seafloor roughness characterization product

•   Transition GOES-POES best-value blended SST products to

•   Obtain ASCAT processing software from EUMETSAT and initiate
    modifications for NOAA specific processing requirements

• Complete validation of QuikSCAT high wind speed model function

Detailed FY05 Q4 Milestones
• Improve marine gravity field from retracked altimeter data.
• Complete initial validation of the Depth Integrated Primary Productivity
Management Issues & Upcoming Activities
Management Issues
• Satellite Oceanography Division replacement personnel needed
    –   Funding limitation
    –   Billet limitation

• MOBY funding crisis
    –   At risk to lose globally-unique ocean color calibration facility and tie point between different
        satellite systems
    –   At risk to lose planned NPP/NPOESS and GOES-R cal/val component
    –   Crucial component for ocean color climatology data
    –   No inter-program coordination/commitment with/between acquisition or operational programs
    –   As currently funded, MOBY expires in mid-FY06

• Need to designate NESDIS matrix management representative for the new Mission
Goal 3 Coasts, Estuaries, and Oceans Program (CEO)

Upcoming Activities
• MOBY close-out and equipment disposal (FY06, if no further funding

•Development of ORAD Science and Technology Roadmap
       3rd Quarter
                            Ocean Color
• Maintain daily MOBY vicarious calibration measurements off Hawaii.
    – Benefit: Provide vicarious calibration for all ocean color satellite sensors to
      ensure consistent, accurate data base.

• Initiated implementation of Primary Productivity Algorithm into
  CoastWatch system.
    – Benefit: Initial steps to provide NOAA produced satellite measured primary
      productivity estimates for the CoastWatch regions. This fills a gap in
      primary productivity estimates that are no longer provided by NASA.

• Initial Prototype of the two-dimensional spectrograph, with four fiber
  optical inputs, was assembled and testing was initiated. This
  developmental effort is in support of the design phase for the future
  MOBY replacement.
    – Benefit: This is the beginning step for redesigning MOBY. The redesign of
      MOBY is required to continue the vicarious calibration efforts for ocean
      color satellite sensors into future missions.
        Ocean Color Science Team

• MOBY - L115, 6 Apr 05,
   MOBY Diver Cleaning (Hawaii

• FC-1, Fluorometer calibration
  experiment, Hawaii May 14

• RSR-1, Remote Sensing
  Reflectance experiment,
  Hawaii, May 25 (Clark)
             Ocean Color: Meetings


•NPP Quality Flag Meeting Apr 28th, Suitland, MD (Ondrusek)

•Chesapeake Bay Program Monitoring and Analysis Subcommittee Meeting,
5/18/05 Annapolis, MD (Karlson, Ondrusek, Stengel).

•NASA Ocean Color Science Team Meeting, April 11-14, Portland, OR. (Clark,
Wang, Ondrusek, Barrientos).

•Presentation made at the 8th Intnl Conf on remote sensing in coastal
environments at Halifax, Canada, talk titled "Inter-sensor validation of NOAA
CoastWatch Ocean Color products" (Ramachandran).

•NIST-2005-2, May 15-25, Honolulu, HI. MOBY II development. (Clark,
Murphy, Kinkade).
     SST Team FY05 Q3
       (Apr-Jun 2005)

      Sasha Ignatov- Team Lead
      Eileen Maturi-Team Deputy

     Bill Pichel Xiaofeng Li Yuri Kihai
  John Sapper Andy Harris Wen Meng
 Heng Gu Kent Hughes Dave Donahue
   Alan Strong Eric Bayler Mark Eakin
Felipe Arzayus Gang Liu William Skirving
                          Coral Reef Watch
•     50-km AVHRR bleaching enhancement
        (allows each coastal pixel to be within 4 km of the coast)
      Benefit: 99% of the world's reefs will be under a 50 km HotSpot pixel

•    A comprehensive database of coral bleaching observations was created
     Benefit: A crucial database for CRW to validate and improve current satellite bleaching
     monitoring products and develop new products

•    CRW Satellite Bleaching Alert (SBA) system Operational
     Benefit: Alert coastal managers of the onset of Coral reef bleaching
     in near-real time.

•    Centre of Excellence established
     NOAA was accepted as a partner into the newly established
     Australian Centre of Excellence (COE) for Coral Reef Research
     Benefit: $AUD12M over 5 years for Coral Reef Research

•     “Linkage” funding received for the University of Queensland
      through the efforts of NOAA’s Coral Reef Watch Program and
      Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
     BENEFIT: providing an additional $1.1M to further research directly
     related to NOAA’s coral research efforts in Australia

    IMPACT: Provide Improved Tools to the Coastal Managers to monitor
    and maintain the Coral Reefs both domestically and internationally
               Sea Surface Temperature: GOES SST

GODAE L2P Format
• GOES-SST L2P software completed
• Test and Run June/July
• Complete August

GOES-Buoy-NCEP Match-Up
• Software completed
• Streamlined and optimized
• GOES contractor will run experimentally until OSDPD takes over

BENEFIT: Information appended to improve estimates of accuracy and bias.
IMPACT: Baseline from which higher quality SST products can be developed.
      Sea Surface Temperature: POES Aerosol
                  Aerosol errors are due to AVHRR calibration
1 (0.63 m)

                                                                       Error in AOD:
                                                                  function of AOD (τ) and
                                                                   cal error, ε (5 to 20%)

    N18 (2 PM)

                                                                       AVHRR band 1:
    N17 (10 AM)                                          N18 biased high by ~+9% with respect to N17
                                                               and by~+6% with respect to N16.

    N16 (3 PM)

BENEFITS: Independent quick check of AVHRR VIS calibration; Faster
feedback to cal experts.
IMPACT: Improved aerosol input to SST correction.
                          Sea Surface Temperature
      “Two MODIS Aerosol Products over ocean on the Terra and Aqua CERES
      SSF datasets”, J. Atm. Sci., April 2005, 1008-1031.

                                        Two products are reported side-by-side:
                                        M: The MODIS full-scale aerosol product
                                        A: “AVHRR-like” single channel product
                                        (both derived from MODIS radiances)


                                        Compare well (R~0.9)
                                        Noisy at low AOD (different cloud screening)
                                        Sampling/cal more important than aerosol algorithm

BENEFIT: Simpler AVHRR aerosol product compares well with sophisticated MODIS
IMPACT: Current input to SST correction is reliable (once AVHRR calibration is fixed)
Sea Surface Temperature:
                    Ocean Current Analysis

• Initiated OSCAR-2
   – Global Ocean Current Analysis
   – ±45° of latitude
   – Data sources
    (altimeter, Scatterometer, SST products)

   BENEFIT: First global ocean current analysis
   IMPACT: Satisfy the number one user request on the
     ocean current product
                      SSH / GRACE and ICESat

GRACE: McAdoo attended, and presented two poster papers (1) and (2) in
the GRACE session of the 2005 JOINT ASSEMBLY, of the American
Geophysical Union (AGU) and partners, May 2005, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Poster paper (1) is “Degradation of Grace Monthly Geopotentials in 2004
Explained” (Wagner, C; McAdoo, D C., Klokocnik, J and Kostelecky, J) see and AGU05p2.pdf . A
manuscript of the same title and authorship is ready for submission to Journal
of Geodesy. Poster paper (2) is “GRACE Gravity and Airborne Surveys in the
Arctic: How They Agree, Differ and Complement Each Other” (Childers, V A,
D.C. McAdoo, K. Marks and J. Brozena) see

ICESat & GRACE: Two manuscripts submitted to GRL (associated with
ICESat special issue: (1) Sea surface topography in the Arctic Ocean from
ICESat byS. L. Farrell, S. W. Laxon, H. J. Zwally, D. Yi, D. C. McAdoo; (2) A
new GRACE-based Arctic geoid for oceanographic and sea-ice altimetric
investigations” by D. C. McAdoo , S. L. Farrell, S. W. Laxon, C. Wagner, V.
Childers (McAdoo).
SSH / Administrator’s Award

             SSH Team members John
             Lillibridge and Walter Smith
             received a 2005
             Administrator’s Award in
             recognition of their work in
             rescuing and reprocessing all
             altimeter data from the U.S.
             Navy Geosat mission, to
             produce a 20th anniversary
             edition data product (Lillibridge
             & Smith).
SSH / Tsunami Watch

                      The earthquake off the
                      coast of Chile on June 13
                      had a magnitude of 7.8 and
                      was likely to generate a
                      tsunami that could possibly
                      endanger the US Pacific
                      coast. Although a tsunami
                      wave was registered by
                      tsunameters in the region,
                      the altimeters of TOPEX,
                      Jason-1 and Envisat
                      registered no clear signal of
                      the tsunami that could be
                      separated from the myriad
                      of oceanic signals. The
                      adjacent figure shows the
                      sea level anomaly profiles
                      recorded within 6 hours of
                      the earthquake by three
                      altimeters. The black
                      profiles are those
                      measured along the same
                      track 10 or 35 days earlier
                      (Remko Scharroo).
Sea Surface Roughness Science Team
        Third Quarter 2005
Sea Surface Roughness (SSR) Science Team
    FY 2005 Quarter 3 Accomplishments

                   Subtask 1
      Securing SAR data access for research
                 and operations
            NOAA Augmentation of NASA InSAR Mission

An FY 2008 PPBES proposal for NOAA augmentation of the NASA
Interferometric SAR (InSAR) mission (Option 3) is being included
under Polar Satellite Acquisition. An analysis of which requirements in the
Consolidated Observation Requirements List (CORL) are best
met with SAR-derived environmental data has been completed and communicated
to NOAA program managers.

                         NASA       NOAA augmentation of NASA L-Band InSAR
                                    Increase observational time from 10 min. to 50 min.
                                    Utilize NPOESS Safety Net for fast delivery (min. not hours).
                                    Increase ScanSAR from 350 km to 500 km at 100 m res.
                                    Add observations of the cyrosphere and oceans.
                        NOAA        Allow data to be used operationally.

 Impact: Provides operationally useful information not obtainable in any other way

 Benefit: Provides products of use to Weather & Water, Commerce & Transportation, Ecosystems,
 and Climate. Products such as ice information and high-resolution coastal winds are critical for safety
 of life and property.
Sea Surface Roughness (SSR) Science Team
    FY 2005 Quarter 3 Accomplishments

                 Subtask 2
            SAR product research
                         SAR-derived Ice Mask Algorithm Updated

 The algorithm used to provide the SAR-derived ice mask product
 within the Alaska SAR Demonstration has been improved. This
 software classifies a SAR image into land, smooth water, rough water,
 smooth ice, and rough ice. A larger data base has been used to refine
 the RADARSAT-1 classification vectors and the algorithm now also
 works with ENVISAT Advanced SAR data.

                                                                     Classification results for an ENVISAT ice image.
                                                                     Green = land, Red = smooth ice,
                                                                     Magenta = rough water.

             SAR Image           Classification map over SAR Image

Impact: Provides an improved ice mask that can be applied to ENVISAT data in case there is a failure of RADARSAT-1.
These masks can be used to screen out ice and land areas when doing ship detection and calculating coastal winds.

Benefit: Provides improved products to Alaska SAR Demonstration users.
            SAR-derived Wind Direction Algorithm Modified

The SAR-derived wind direction algorithm developed by General
Dynamics has been changed to provide directions only when strong
wind-aligned features in the image are detected. A wind field is then
interpolated from these strong features. A new 50-m resolution land/sea
data base is used in this algorithm.

                                   SAR Wind Vectors in the Gulf of Alaska
                                   Thick vectors are calculated, thin vectors are
                                   interpolated. The longer the vector, the greater
                                   the wind speed.

                                  Impact: Provides improved SAR-derived wind directions
                                  (with 180 degree ambiguity) for calculation of SAR-derived
                                  wind speeds.

                                  Benefit: Provides improved products to Alaska SAR
                                  Demonstration users.
   CMOD5 Algorithm Replaces CMOD4 for SAR Wind Speed

The C-band scatterometer algorithm, CMOD5, is now being used
within the Alaska SAR Demonstration and for Hurricane
Watch to calculate more accurate SAR-derived winds for high
wind speeds. This algorithm performs like CMOD4 at winds
below 15 m/s, but significantly improves accuracy at higher
wind speeds.

Impact: More accurate high-resolution winds at high wind speeds in
Alaska coastal regions and in hurricanes and other storms.

Benefit: Will lead to better analyses and forecasts of coastal winds and
perhaps for storms as well.
 Hurricane IVAN 09/10/04 23:07 UTC – Near Jamaica
Envisat ASAR Winds with Directions from MM5 Model
(Eye of IVAN located at 17.3N, 76.5W, 67 m/s, 926 mb)

  CMOD4                                 CMOD5
Sea Surface Roughness (SSR) Science Team
   FY 2005 Quarter 3 Accomplishments

                    Subtask 3
       SAR applications demonstrations and
            user outreach/education
         SAR Wind User’s Guide Ready for Publication

  A SAR Wind User’s Guide, developed by Robert Beal
  under an ORA Ocean Remote Sensing grant, has been
  delivered to NOAA Publications for printing through the
  Government Printing Office. This User’s guide is written
  for meteorologists as a guide to the analysis of high-resolution
  winds derived from SAR data.

Impact: This guide will aid the operational utilization of SAR winds by providing
a tutorial on SAR wind interpretation, including wind phenomena such as gap winds,
barrier jets, lee waves, and island and point wakes.

Benefit: Will lead to faster training of new meteorologists, more intelligent interpretation
of features, and better use of high-resolution winds in forecasting.
High Resolution Wind Monitoring
with Wide Swath SAR: A User’s Guide
Robert C. Beal, Editor
George S. Young
Frank M. Monaldo
Donald R. Thompson
Nathaniel S. Winstead
Carven A. Scott

June, 2005

Carlos M. Gutierrez, Secretary

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr., U.S. Navy (Ret.), Under Secretary

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
Gregory W. Withee, Assistant Administrator

Office of Research and Applications
Marie C. Colton, Director
Sea Surface Roughness (SSR) Science Team
   FY 2005 Quarter 3 Accomplishments

                    Subtask 4
      Operational SAR ocean products system
          Implementation of SAR Wind Code at CSTARS

A prototype SAR products system for winds (the APL/NOAA
SAR Wind Retrieval System ANSWRS) has been installed at the
Center for Southeastern Tropical Advanced Remote Sensing
(CSTARS) at the University of Miami. This system can read and
process both RADARSAT-1 and ENVISAT data acquired by the
CSTARS reception station and maintain the necessary
meteorological files required to calculate SAR winds.

 Impact: SAR winds can now be used in near real-time hurricane studies.

 Benefit: Possible benefit to hurricane analyses and forecasts.
 Further research is required.
            Ocean Surface Winds

• The next version of the NOAA WindSat EDRs (wind
  vectors, sst, rainrate...etc) are currently being processed
  and validated for general distribution in 4Q. These data
  will be staged at PODAAC and implemented in the near
  real-time WindSat processing.

• Preparations for the Ocean Winds Hurricane field
  program are underway in conjunction with NOAA Aircraft
  Operations Center, the University of Massachusetts, and
  the NOAA/AOML Hurricane Research Division
                          Sea Ice

Subtask 1 – Sea Ice Product and Research Development
• 04/05 – General Dynamics ice mask algorithm for ENVISAT
  Advanced SAR (ASAR) was installed and running at NOAA. A final
  report was provided.

Subtask 2 – Sea Ice Altimetry Research
• 05/05 – Dave MacAdoo attended, and presented two poster papers
  in the GRACE session of the American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  2005 Joint Assembly, 23-27 May 2005, New Orleans, Louisiana. A
  manuscript entitled Degradation of Grace Monthly Geopotentials in
  2004 Explained by Wagner et al. is ready for submission to the
  Journal of Geodesy. Two additional manuscripts were submitted to
  GRL, associated with the ICESat special issue:
                                 Sea Ice

Subtask 3 – National Ice Center Polar Research
• 04/05 - Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) Ross Sea
   acquisitions at the McMurdo station continued until June 30. Connectivity
   to the TDRSS communication satellite was attained. Most of the acquired
   imagery has been uploaded to White Sands and shipping of data tapes to ASF is
   near completion.
• 04/05 – Contacted Son Nghiem, JPL on previous and future microwave work at
   JPL in support of NIC activities. This includes modeling of multipolarization
   active (backscatter) and passive emissivity) microwave imaging of sea ice.
• 04/05 – A WindSat sea ice algorithm development team and working group
   was formed. The team partners include members from ORA, NIC, JPL, NRL,
   Vexcel UK, and the Danish Meteorology Institute (DMI) among others.
• 05/05 – Evaluation of AMSR-E data and products began. A comparison of
   AMSR-E ice edge from the ice concentration product provided by the ICEMON
   project and the QuikSCAT ice edge was done.
• 05/05 – Access through NOAA/NESDIS to MODIS channel 1 and 2 granules was
   expanded to cover all NIC Areas of Interest (AOI).
• 06/-05 - Progress on the quality control (Q/C) of the NIC Antarctic charts by
   an outside contractor continues. Charts up to 1980 have already been
• 06/05 – An SBIR proposal for a new ice buoy, entitled Inexpensive Air-
   Droppable Ice Buoys Suitable for Marginal Ice Zone Deployment, was submitted.
                 Sea Ice Meetings Attended
•   04/05 – Regular meetings between OSDPD, NIC, ORA, and NCEP on proposed plans for moving OSDPD Snow
    and Sea Ice operational analyses to the NIC have taken place.
•   04/05 – The Second North American Ice Service (NAIS) Meeting took place in Wakefield, Ottawa on April 19-21,
    2005 with the NIC Chief Scientist attending as Co-Chair of the NAIS Science Committee.
•   04/05 – The NIC Chief Scientist and the Transition Officer to the NOAA Office of Climate Observation (OCO)
    Annual System Review Workshop, Silver Spring, April 25-27, 2005. A NIC poster highlighting NIC International
    Arctic Buoy Programme (IABP) activities, the deployment of Ice Mass Balance buoys and efforts to improve its ice
    growth model and long-range seasonal forecasting capabilities was presented. NIC Polar Science Team
    collaborators from Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL) and the University of
    Washington Polar Science Center presented two additional Arctic posters at the meeting.
•   04/05 – Contacted the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) POLAR Icebreakers Science Liaison, Phil McGillivary, to
    discuss collaboration with the NIC in implementing science activities aboard the POLAR Star during the upcoming
    DeepFreeze Antarctic mission.
•   05/05 – A meeting with David L. Martin, Associate Director of the University of Washington Applied Physics
    Laboratory took place to begin exploring potential areas of collaboration. These include refinements on ice stages
    of development and ice thickness estimation, ice modeling validation and verification, an NSF Science &
    Technology Center (STC) proposal, and continued cooperation in the International Arctic Buoy Program (IABP)
•   05/05 – The Chief Scientist participated in the first organizing telecon for the International Ice Charting Working
    Group (IICWG) annual meeting. The IICWG meeting is scheduled for September 24-28, 2005 in Ottawa. The
    working theme for the meeting is “Sustainable Observations for Sea Ice Monitoring through International
    Cooperation”. The group is looking at formalizing and expanding membership to centers operating outside of the
    Arctic basin
•   05/05 – The Chief Scientist, and Chris Szorc, NIC Operations, attended the Canadian Ice Service (CIS) Ice
    University and Sea Ice Long-range Forecasting Workshop in Ottawa, Ontario.
•   05/05 The Chief Scientist attended the 8th International Conference on Remote Sensing of Marine and Coastal
    Environments, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 17-19 May 2005, and presented a paper on the use of SAR data at NIC.
•   06/05 - Monthly telecons between NIC and CIS Science teams to promote coordination under NAIS were
•   06/05 – A meeting with Prof. Tracy DeLiberty to bring up to speed the NIC chart digitization project at the
    University of Delaware took place.
•   06/05 – The NIC Chief Scientist and Transition Officer attended the 15th Annual Meeting of the International Arctic
    Buoy Program Participants, 6-8 June, 2005, at the University of Washington Polar Science Center (PSC)in
    Seattle, WA.
  Sea Ice Accepted/Drafted Publications

• 05/05 – Abstract on the use of microwave imagery at NIC was
  accepted for presentation at the 2005 EUMETSAT Satellite
  Conferernce, 19-23 September, 2005, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

• 05/05 – A paper on tidal currents in the Ross Sea was accepted for
  publication in Antarctic Science.

• 06/05 – Three abstracts were drafted for poster presentations at the
  International Glaciological Society (IGS) International Symposium
  on Sea Ice, 5-9 December 2005, Dunedin, New Zealand.
                   Sea Ice Publications

•   Papers Accepted for Publication
•   Johnson, E.S., and M. Van Woert, Tidal currents of the Ross Sea and their time
    stability, paper accepted for publication by Antarctic Science.
•   Papers Submitted
•   Farrell, S.L., S.W. Laxon, H.J. Zwally, D. Yi, and D.C. McAdoo, Sea surface
    topography in the Arctic Ocean from ICESat, submitted to GRL.
•   McAdoo, D.C., S.L. Farrell, S.W. Laxon, C. Wagner, and V. Childers, A new GRACE-
    based Arctic geoid for oceanographic and sea-ice altimetric investigations, submitted
    to GRL.
•   Papers Under Preparation
•   Wagner, C., D.C. McAdoo, J. Klokocnik, and J. Kostelecky, Degradation of Grace
    Monthly Geopotentials in 2004 Explained, to be submitted to J. of Geodesy.
•   Poster Papers Presented
•   Childers, V A, D.C. McAdoo, K. Marks and J. Brozena, GRACE Gravity and Airborne
    Surveys in the Arctic: How They Agree, Differ and Complement Each Other, see
•   Rigor, I.G., and M. Hanna, Forecasting the condition of Arctic sea ice on weekly to
    seasonal time scales, poster paper presented at the NOAA Office of Climate
    Observation (OCO) Annual System Review Workshop, Silver Spring, April 25-27,
                                  CoastWatch: Central

•(Apr) NESDIS presence established at NOAA’s Chesapeake Bay Office part time. Efforts directed
toward establishing East Coast Node at NCBO.

•(Apr) Standardized new landmask color, colorbar, and new limits for all products produced via the
CW utilities.

•(Apr) Added "Pacific Basin" to the list of regions for MODIS processing on Okeanos; revised retention
intervals to account for the increased product volume.

•(Apr) Added MOD35_L2 for CY and CC regions in support of 250m products.

•(Apr) Released CWF v3.1.9 to satisfy requirements for chlorophyll plotting and other requests / bug

•(May) Met with Lowell Bahner (Director NCBO) and Doug Wilson (Research Oceanographer) of the
NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office to assess their information technology state and suitability to being
a CoastWatch Node.

•(May) Tethys pulling near real time noaa_16 and noaa_17 AVHRR files for blended GOES/POES SST
product testing.

• (May) Started populating with Okeanos MODIS products to the public Okeanos ftp server,
'okeanosp10' a.k.a. '' and reactivated the GOES deliveries to ftpcoastwatch, so
that now the legacy pipelines deliver all appropriate datasets to ftpcoastwatch. (Q3 deliverable, complete
                  CoastWatch: Caribbean/Gulf of Mexico

•   Data from a large number of VOS lines in the Atlantic were processed and merged with satellite
    data (AVHRR HRPT/GAC SST, QuikSCAT & SSMI surface winds, MODIS Chlorophyll, etc).

•   From May 23rd to Jun 3rd, Joaquin visited Miami where he participated in the development of a new
    algorithm to estimate the 3D ocean thermal structure from satellite and field data, largely improving
    the results obtained with the 2-layer model currently implemented. Results show an improvement of
    approx. 30%-40% over previous estimates. This scheme will be implemented, validated and enhanced
    during the next quarter.

•   High priority is placed on determining surface water pCO2 fields and the derived air-sea CO2 fluxes
    as part of the interagency US Carbon Cycle Science Program. As a result, during this period, net values
    of sea surface carbon dioxide fugacity (pCO2) and sea-air CO2 fluxes in the Caribbean region were
    estimated (RMS<6 .atm). We have obtained empirical relationships between shipboard pCO2
    measurements and satellite derived parameters. Results greatly improve the low spatial and
    temporal resolution of the observational network and show a significant decrease in uncertainty
    when high-resolution remote sensing products are used to create pCO2 fields and to estimate air
    -sea CO2 fluxes. This work also includes computing the gas transfer velocity using surface satellite wind
    data and a parameterized Schmidt number, estimate the solubility of CO2 in seawater, the water vapor
    pressure at sea surface temperature, the air mole fraction CO2 values at each grid cell, and the surface
    atmospheric pressure, among others. All this work has been made during this quarter. In addition,
    weekly, seasonal and annual flux and pCO2 maps were created.

•   A new set of web pages, offering a regional perspective in support of tropical Atlantic studies has been
    developed. The scheme of this Tropical Atlantic Climate Experiment and African Multidisciplinary
    Monsoon Analysis (AMMA) page will allow monitoring the tropical Atlantic region using satellite
    observations from OW/CW. The new interface serves as a prototype for future operational data
    distribution applications and as a way to show off the OW capabilities to scientists, and decision-

•   An agreement has been reached with the University of Puerto Rico to get access to their
    observational measurements of eddies entering the Caribbean. These datasets, unavailable from NODC
    and GODAE, will provide an important source of information to improve/validate our algorithms
    and to advance in the detection and tracking of oceanographic features using multiparameter
    satellite data.
                     CoastWatch: Great Lakes

•   Continue converting the GLSEA composite chart to 1024x1024 format, which will
    include reformatting the winter ice cover produced by the National Ice Center to the
    new format.

•   Continue improving the AVHRR turbidity product using better atmospheric
    correction and cloud masking.

•   During the period April 1, 2005 – June 24, 2005, visitors to the CoastWatch Great
    Lakes Node web site have come from 74 different domains (such as .gov, .edu, .com,
    .mil etc.). During this period, the web site was visited 128257 times, with 1.4% from
    .gov, 1.2% from .edu, 35.0% from .com, 0.8% from .mil, 0.5% from .us, 31.7% from
    .net, 0.8% from .org.

•   On June 1, the Coastwatch Great Lakes Overview was presented in the poster
    session at the University of Michigan, Michigan League where the CILER Review was

•   The second Lake Erie cruise took place June 7-12, during which optical data
    and water sample (processed for chlorophyll, DOC, SM) were collected to help
    develop a MODIS chlorophyll algorithm.
                            CoastWatch: West Coast Node
•   West Coast
•   Development of a near-real time sea level product integrating satellite altimeter and tide gauge data. The
    project is 90% complete, but the target date has been postponed indefinitely.
•   Development of a more comprehensive web browser for delivery of WCRN data products – Phase II
    complete, Phase III underway. Phase II is 100% complete while Phase III is 75% complete.
•   Identification and description of oceanic influences relevant to the establishment and monitoring of
    Marine Protected Areas. The SWFSC | ERD and the WCRN have initiated a project at the request of and in
    cooperation This effort marks a major step in the establishment of the sort of dialogue necessary to ensure that
    oceanic data is included in both the designation and monitoring of MPAs. This cooperative work supports NOAA,
    state, and local entities seeking to manage living marine resources conservatively for the benefit of our
    constituents, and will ultimately be a model for defining and mapping ocean habitats in other regions. Presentation
    of initial work to representatives of the MBNMS and constituents was very well received, prompting requests for
    additional work.
•   Analysis of Ghostnet Aerial surveys in the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone. Debris sightings
    from the Ghostnet aerial surveys of the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone will be used in conjunction
    with satellite-based measurements of ocean color, surface temperature and the gradients of both quantities.
    Tracks of drifters attached to nets at sea will be used to optimize circulation models which can indicate debris “hot
    spots”, or regions of high accumulation. ERD will support any future Ghostnet survey efforts, as well as the
    extensive outreach efforts coordinated by the Sea Grant Colleges of Hawaii, Alaska, and Oregon. This project is
    an essential element of efforts to mitigate the impact of debris. Until these flights, all relationships between
    satellite-based measurements and marine debris were merely inferences. The results of these labors were
    spectacular and can now be integrated with satellite data to provide maps of expected debris fields in support of
    FY06 survey and interdiction efforts. The analysis of FY05 aerial surveys is complete.
•   Data management project established to demonstrate possible solutions for the transition of NASA
    research satellite data into NOAA operational products. This project will deliver an active and accessible time
    series for ocean primary productivity: information vital for fisheries research, ecosystem based management,
    coastal ocean management, and monitoring of the global carbon cycle. The need for easier access to primary
    productivity data has been clearly expressed by users within NOAA fisheries. To support the global scope of the
    data sets of interest, the OceanWatch Live Access Server (LAS) has been enhanced to accommodate both
    near real time and science-quality data covering much of the globe. An experimental LAS featuring primary
    productivity and the dependent variables is to be established by the end of FY05, with a functional system in place
    by the end of the 1st quarter of FY06. As part of this project, visits have been planned to each of the NOAA
    Fisheries science centers to assess NMFS' usages for satellite data, and to get feedback about ways to improve
    access to satellite data.
•   Preparation for 2005 CoastWatch Node Managers Meeting underway. This year, it will be hosted by the
    West Coast Node at the Environmental Research Division of the Southwest Fisheries Science Center in Pacific
    Grove, California from October 11-13, 2005. A very full schedule is anticipated and participants are urged to make
    arrangements for accommodations as well as alerting the WCRN staff of intent to attend. These meetings provide
    the primary forum for communication between the central program office and the regional nodes, which represent
    a diverse spectrum of data users. A web site has been established:
                          CoastWatch: Central Pacific

•   Central Pacific (OWCPN) products and web transfer
    routines have been completed and implemented in the
    new server architecture.

•   Detection and monitoring of Waianae Wildfires (Oahu,
    Hawaii) by means of AVHRR-HRPT data. Initial detection on
    11 May 2005 revealed a persistent and large hotspot that was
    observed until 13 May 2005. OWCPN contacted Civil Defense
    (John Comings) during the crisis to inform regarding the
    evolution of the hotspot location and dimensions (km2) in
    order to contribute to the ongoing firefighting activities. In
    addition to hotspots, AVHRR-HRPT imagery revealed the
    existence of dense smoke plumes that were transported
    towards the SW reaching a maximum length of 83 km.
    Detection of a small and short-lived Kauai (Hawaii) wildfire
    (hotspot) on 16 May 2005 at 13:49UTC and informed Civil
    Defense. No further detections as of this date.

•   Several data requests were received by OWCPN during this
    quarter. The principal data requests included:
     – Provided customized near-real time satellite remote
         sensing imagery for the OES-05-05-I/II/III oceanographic
         research cruise via CW ftp site
     – Wild Salmon Center
     – APEX Environmental (Asia-Pacific Oceanic Cetacean
     – Hawaii Pacific University (research cruise support)
     – Bishop Museum – IKONOS imagery for Midway Atoll

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