Learning Center
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

ASEAN-Japan Exchange Year 2003


									Acting together and advancing together

ASEAN-Japan Exchange Year 2003
    What is the "ASEAN-Japan Exchange Year 2003"?

                                                                               Regardless of the regional problems that ASEAN continues to face, it
    ASEAN:                                                                     has made an enormous success in promoting much regional
                                                                               cooperation starting with political, security and economic arena. In

    Its History and Future                                                     the 1980s, ASEAN has achieved such remarkable economic
                                                                               development that it has been considered a leading international
                                                                               growth center. For these reasons, ASEAN has been identified as one
                                                                               of the most successful regional cooperative organizations in the
    Establishment and                                                          world.

    Development of ASEAN
    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN, which was               Organization
    established in August 1967 according to the "Declaration of the            ASEAN's highest decision-making organ is the ASEAN Summit,
    Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Bangkok Declaration)", is          which is convened every year. The ASEAN Ministerial Meeting
    the first regional cooperative organization in Southeast Asia. Its         (AMM) and the ASEAN Economic Ministers Meeting (AEM), where
    primary objectives are:                                                    guidelines for policies are determined and coordination of various
    q To accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural              programmes is undertaken, are also held on an annual basis.
    development in the region;                                                 Ministerial Meetings in individual areas of interest such as energy,
    w To promote political and economic stability;                             agriculture and forestry, tourism, transportation, finance,
    e To resolve various issues in the region.                                 environment, IT etc. are held upon necessity. The ASEAN Secretariat
    ASEAN's original members included the five nations of Indonesia,           is sited in Jakarta, Indonesia where the Secretary-General
    Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Later, Brunei           spearheads 5 different specialized bureaus.
    Darussalam joined, followed by Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar. In
    1999, with the accession of Cambodia, the initial goal of "ASEAN           Organization Chart for the ASEAN Secretariat (Outline)
    10" was achieved as a regional cooperative organization, which
    covers the entire Southeast Asian area.
                                                                                    ASEAN Secretary-General
    1967 Establishment of ASEAN
    1976 First ASEAN Summit (in Bali)
    1977 First ASEAN-Japan Summit                                                          ASEAN Deputy Secretary-General
    1984 Accession of Brunei Darussalam
    1995 Accession of Socialist Republic of Vietnam
                                                                                                         Economic Cooperation Bureau
    1997 Accessions of Lao People's Democratic Republic and Union of Myanmar
         First ASEAN+3 (Japan, China and Republic of Korea) Summit
    1999 Accession of Kingdom of Cambodia: Realization of "ASEAN 10"                                     Functional Cooperation Bureau
    2002 Prime Minister Koizumi's visit to five ASEAN countries
    2003 ASEAN-Japan Exchange Year 2003                                                                  Financial Cooperation Bureau

    ASEAN is comprised of member countries that are incredibly
    diverse in terms of its size of land and population, political and                     ASEAN Deputy Secretary-General
    economic systems, ethnic groups, cultures, languages and
    religions.                                                                                   Programme Coordination and External Relations Bureau
    Looking at ASEAN as a whole, it occupies a land area
    approximately twelve times that of Japan and sustains a population
                                                                                                      Administration and Finance Bureau
    of over 500 million people. The ASEAN economy is about 1/8 the
    size of Japan's, and about half the size of China's.

External Relations                                                                                           Future Vision
As ASEAN endeavors to deepen its relationships within the region, it has                                      ASEAN, which was forged through the unity of countries with different
been proactive in holding meetings for the exchange of opinions with other                                    cultural, political and economic backgrounds, has become an
countries and organizations to strengthen ties with other regions.                                            international player on the world stage in view of its economic
As evidence of this commitment, conferences at the foreign-minister level,                                    development. But in the same breath, it is strongly desired that ASEAN
such as the "ASEAN Post-Ministerial Conferences (PMC)" where the U.S.A.,                                      restructures its solidarity to cope with changes in the world economy
Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, India, and the EU join with Japan,                                    such as that brought on by the economic crisis in 1997.
China and the Republic of Korea are being held, and to discuss topics                                         In 1997, with the intent of strengthening closer economic integration,
involving political and security issues in the Pacific area, the "ASEAN                                       "ASEAN Vision 2020", a mid-term plan, was adopted. This plan
Regional Forum (ARF)" is being convened.                                                                      encompasses the long-term view necessary to achieve a stable, fulfilling
In 1997, the Summit and Ministerial Meetings of "ASEAN+3" have been                                           and prosperous lifestyle for the area and its people through the regional
initiated, where ASEAN engages in exchanges with Japan, China and the                                         activities and cooperation by the year 2020.
Republic of Korea.                                                                                            The "Hanoi Plan of Action" was adopted in 1998 to serve as a road map
                                                                                                              to the realization of this Vision.
Framework of Cooperation with Other Countries                                                                 Additionally, to further demonstrate the organization's iron-clad
                                                                                                              commitment, much energy has been devoted toward various areas
  ARF (ASEAN Regional Forum)                                                                                  including the establishment of ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) and
                                                                                                              realization of ASEAN Investment Area (AIA).
     ASEAN PMC (ASEAN Post-Ministerial Conferences)
                                                                                                                 What is ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA)?
                                                                                                              AFTA is a free trade concept within the ASEAN region officially approved
                                                                                                              at the 4th ASEAN Summit in 1992. The objectives lie in strengthening
                                                                                                              regional industry's international competitiveness and promoting direct
           ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)                                                     investment from outside of the region and within the region by creating a
                                                                                                              regional free trade area through elimination of tariffs and non-tariff
                Indonesia Malaysia the Philippines
                                                                                                              barriers applied to all the goods (excluding defense items and cultural
                Singapore Thailand Brunei Darussalam
                                                                                                              assets) produced in ASEAN region.
                Vietnam Laos Myanmar Cambodia
                ASEAN Secretariat

             Japan        China       Republic of Korea

          U.S.A. Canada Australia New Zealand
          Russia India EU

      Papua New Guinea Mongolia
      Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Note: The ASEAN Secretariat participates as an observer.
      Mongolia was invited to participate in the 5th ASEAN Regional Forum Ministerial Meeting in 1998.
      Democratic People's Republic of Korea participated in the 7th ASEAN Regional Forum Ministerial Meeting for the first time in July 2000.
ASEAN Post-Ministerial Conferences
        1: Overall meeting 10+10: 10 countries of ASEAN + Japan, China, Republic of Korea, U.S.A., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, India and EU
        2: Individual meeting 10+1: 10 countries of ASEAN + One country/organization from Japan, China, Republic of Korea, U.S.A., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, India or EU
in each language

                   Selamat petang

                                          Bru                                                                         Ki                                    ia
                                                                       m                                                   ng                         od
                                                nei D              a                                                            dom
                                                        a ru ss al                                                                       of Ca m b                                                               Japan

                    Selamat siang                                                                                                                                                           Selamat petang


  Re                                                                            op                                    p
       pub                         ia                                                                            Re
             lic o f I n d o   nes                                                   le's
                                                                                            D e m o c r a ti c                                                                 M ala ysia

                                                                                                                                                Magandang hapon po

                                                                                                                     ep                                          e

                                           Un                      r                                                      ub                               pin
                                                io n o
                                                       f Mya   nma                                                             lic o
                                                                                                                                       f t h e P h ili

                                                                                                                                                                                                         Chao chi
                                     Hello                                                                                                                                                             (to female of same age)

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Chao anh
                                                                                                                                                                                                       (to male of same age)

                                                                                                                      (female male)

  Re                                                                                                                                                         ci                                              a
       pub                         ore
                                                                                      gdo                    n   d                                                   a li
                                                                                                                                                                            st R                   i   etn
             lic o f S i n g a p                                                            m o f T h a il a                                                                       e p u blic of V

                    "ASEAN-Japan Exchange Year 2003" Commemorative Stamps                                                                             C O N T E N T S
                    Featuring historical sites and landscapes located in ASEAN countries                                                              01 ASEAN Map
                    As a part of the "ASEAN-Japan Exchange Year
                                                                                                                                                      02 What is ASEAN?
                    2003" programmes, a set of commemorative
                    stamps were issued in June this year. Each set                                                                                    05-10 An Introduction to Each Country
                    consists of a total of 10 different stamps                                                                                        11-12 My Life and ASEAN
                    featuring            famous buildings and natural
                                                                                                                                                      13-15 ASEAN- Japan, its History of Exchange
                    wonders of the ASEAN member countries such
                    as Angkor Wat (Cambodia) and Merlion                                                                                              16 What is the ASEAN-Japan Centre?
                    (Singapore). Additionally, explanations behind
                                                                                                                                                      17 Trade
                    the design of each stamp are printed along with
                    the logo and the meaning of the Exchange Year.                                                                                    18 Investment
                    Thus the recognition of the Exchange Year and                                                                                     19 Tourism
                    notable charms of the ASEAN region are
                                                                                                                                                      20 ODA
                    introduced to the public through these
                    attractive commemorative stamps.                                                                                                  Back Cover ASEAN and Japan in the World

    An Introduction to Each Country                                                                     ASEAN and Japan

        Brunei Darussalam     Republic of Singapore
        Kingdom of Cambodia Kingdom of Thailand
        Republic of Indonesia Socialist Republic of Vietnam

        The more you know, the closer you will feel.
        Southeast Asia, Rich Repository of Diversity
        Lao People's Democratic Republic
                            The geography and the cultures vary widely across Southeast Asia to an amazing
        Malaysia            degree. Even in the same country, different ethnic groups and religions intermingle
                            and various cultures coexist in harmony. This amazing degree of diversification
        Union of Myanmar could be truly regarded as the most charming aspect of Southeast Asia. Now, we
                            would like to introduce the 10 member countries of ASEAN and Japan.
        Republic of the Philippines

                    Brunei Darussalam
                                                   Diversification of its economy from an energy-based model
                                                   Brunei Darussalam possesses sizable resources of oil and natural
                                                   gas and a population comprised primarily of devout Muslims.
                                                   Since achieving independence from the U.K. in 1984, Brunei
                                                   Darussalam has maintained stability in its domestic affairs
                                                   through monarchal rule and high economic growth fueled by its
                                                   economic base of energy resources. Today, it is weaning itself
                                                   from dependence on oil and natural gas production, which has
                                                   been the mainstay of the nation, and is
                                                   promoting policies with fundamental
      Land Area 5,765 km2                          objectives such as the diversification of
      Population Approximately 340,000 (2002)      economy, improvement of social
      Capital Bandar Seri Begawan                  infrastructures, and development of
      Political System Constitutional Monarchy     human resources. Brunei Darussalam
      Major Language Malay                         is an important source of energy for
      Currency Brunei Dollar
                                                   Japan and conducts active exchanges
                                                   in the fields of technical cooperation,
                                                   education and culture.

    Flag Description:
    The National Crest in the midst is inscribed
    with the words for prosperity and peace in
    Islam. The hands on either side signify the

                Kingdom of Cambodia
                                               Rejoin the international community realizing "ASEAN 10"
                                               Following a long period of strife on the Indochina Peninsula and civil war, a
                                               new government was finally established in Cambodia through a general
                                               election in 1993. After its second general election in 1998, Cambodia
                                               resumed its membership in the United Nations in December of the same year.
                                               In 1999, it officially joined ASEAN to become the tenth member country, and
                                               hence, the initial goal of realizing the "ASEAN 10", had been achieved. Blessed
                                               with fertile land and abundant water resources supplied by the Mekong River
                                               and Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia's main industries are agriculture and tourism.
                                               The World Heritage Site of Angkor attracts an especially large number of
  Land Area 181,035 km2                        tourists every year. Japan conducts
  Population Approximately 13.3 million        numerous projects supporting local
              (2001 Provisional estimate)      initiatives, one of which is the
  Capital Phnom Penh                           restoration of these historic ruins
  Political System Constitutional Monarchy     epitomizing the glory of old Khmer
  Major Language Khmer
  Currency Riel

Flag Description:
Blue, which surrounds the whole, symbolizes
the Royalty, red epitomizes the nation and
white represents Buddhism. The central
emblem depicts the World Heritage Site of
Angkor Wat.

                Republic of Indonesia
                                               World's largest nation of archipelago characterized by "unity in diversity"
                                               Indonesia is a nation of islands comprised of 18,110 islands around the
                                               equator. It encompasses the largest national territory and population in
                                               ASEAN, and has the world's largest Muslim population. As each island or
                                               region has its own individualized culture, Indonesia is characterized by unity
                                               in a diversity of historical, cultural and social traits. In 1998, societal order
                                               was temporarily tested by the collapse of the Suharto regime and the
                                               region-wide economic crisis, but it is now recovering under the stable
                                               administration of President Megawati Soekarnoputri. The terrorist incident
                                               on Bali in October 2002 caused the
  Land Area 2,027,087 km2                      Indonesian government to fortify its
  Population Approximately 213.5 million       stance against terrorism by enacting
              (2001)                           strict anti-terrorism legislation. The
  Capital Jakarta                              nation is actively working on regaining its
  Political System Republic                    share of tourists to visit this attractive
  Major Language Indonesian
                                               archipelago. While Japan is Indonesia's
  Currency Rupiah
                                               largest trading partner, Indonesia is an
                                               important energy supplier to Japan.

Flag Description:
Red and white are the traditional national
colors with the red representing bravery and
the white representing purity. Red stands
above white and signifies bravery standing
atop purity.

                      Lao People's Democratic Republic
                                                       Economic reform begins with the introduction of the "New Economic Mechanism"
                                                       Laos is the only landlocked nation in ASEAN, and its economic development
                                                       has been hindered by geographic condition and repercussions of the lengthy
                                                       civil war. However, in 1986, Laos began structural economic reforms
                                                       designated as the "New Economic Mechanism" through which it now pursues
                                                       a policy of economic liberalization and the eventual introduction of a market-
                                                       oriented economy. The mainstay industries of Laos are agriculture and
                                                       forestry, which account for half of the GDP and provide 80% of its workforce.
                                                       Studded with alluring World Heritage designated site such as Luang Prabang
                                                       and Vat Phou, developing its tourist industry remains to be achieved. Along
      Land Area 236,800 km2                            with various other forms of
      Population Approximately 5.4 million (2001)      economic support, Japan is
      Capital Vientiane                                extending grant aid for the
      Political System People's Democratic Republic    preservation of the World Cultural
      Major Language Lao                               Heritage including the Vat Phou
      Currency Kip
                                                       archaeological site.

    Flag Description:
    Red represents the blood that was shed for
    freedom and independence, white circle
    represents the prospects for peace and a
    bright future while blue signifies the country's
    prosperity and the Mekong River.

                                                       Vision 2020: Endeavoring to become a fully developed nation by 2020
                                                       Malaysia is a multi-ethnic nation where diverse cultures coexist in harmony.
                                                       The majority Malay culture that is mainly Muslim thrives side by side with
                                                       Chinese and Hindu communities. Taking advantage of its abundant natural
                                                       resources, it traditionally had a simple economy based on rubber processing
                                                       and tin mining. But since 1970, it has been actively attracting foreign capital
                                                       and creating an export-oriented economy, which has led to an impressive
                                                       economic growth. Malaysia is now moving forward with long-term
                                                       development policies through its socio-economic development concept
                                                       designated "Vision 2020", which aims to become a fully developed nation by
      Land Area 330,242 km2                            2020. Malaysia's "Look East Policy" mainly promoting human resource
      Population Approximately 23.8 million (2001)     development, symbolizes the
      Capital Kuala Lumpur                             friendly and cooperative relationship
      Political System Constitutional Monarchy         between Malaysia and Japan, in
      Major Language Malay                             which Japan readily cooperates in
      Currency Ringgit
                                                       accommodating Malaysian students
                                                       and researchers to broaden their
    Flag Description:                                  horizons in Japan.
    Red and white stripes stand for the 13 states
    of the federation and the federal government,
    and 14 points of the star symbolize the unity
    of them. The canton of dark blue represents
    unity of the people. The yellow of crescent,
    the symbol of Islam, and the star is the royal
    color of the Rulers.

                 Union of Myanmar
                                                 Keys to development: A policy of economic deregulation and tourism resource development
                                                 Myanmar is essentially an agro-based nation. Over half of its
                                                 workforce is engaged in agriculture and about 60% of its GDP
                                                 is derived from agricultural production. Its domestic economic
                                                 activities have been slumping as a result of a closed socialist
                                                 economic policy which began in 1962. However, growth in the
                                                 tourism industry seems promising as the numerous historical
                                                 sites from its ancient Buddhist kingdom and its lush natural
                                                 landscape hold the potential to be tourist attractions. Cultural
                                                 exchanges at various levels have always been active between
  Land Area 676,577 km2                          the peoples of Myanmar and
  Population Approximately 51.1 million (2001)   Japan, which have traditionally
  Capital Yangon                                 maintained a friendly bilateral
  Political System Interim Military Government   relationship.
  Major Language Burmese
  Currency Kyat

Flag Description:
Red signifies bravery and unity, blue depicts
peace and stability, and white represents
purity. The crest of the paddy stalk honors
the farmers, the pinion symbolizes the
workers and the surrounding 14 stars
represent the spirit of the union, manifested
by the equality of the 7 Divisions and the 7

                 Republic of the Philippines
                                                 Expansion of investment and trade through aggressive economic diplomacy
                                                 With a population which is approximately 85% Catholic, the Philippines is the only predominantly
                                                 Christian country in ASEAN. A blend of its own native lifestyle together with those of the U.S.A. and
                                                 Europe, especially Spain, has produced today's unique Philippine culture.
                                                 The key to economic development is to expand investment and trade
                                                 aggressively. In addition to promoting the AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Area)
                                                 concept, which involves intra-regional economic cooperation, the Philippines
                                                 is utilizing pro-active economic diplomacy for such matters as the concluding
                                                 of investment protection agreements with interested nations and entities.
                                                 Japan is an essential trading partner to the Philippines, second only to the
  Land Area 300,000 km2                          U.S.A. Today, the Philippines' major export products, which had traditionally
  Population Approximately 80.1 million (2001)   been seafood and bananas, are now
  Capital Manila                                 replaced by manufactured products
  Political System Constitutional Republic       such as semiconductors. Japan,
  Major Language Filipino                        which invests mostly in the
  Currency Peso
                                                 manufacturing sectors of special
                                                 economic zones, is one of the most
                                                 important country to the Philippines
Flag Description:                                for capital inflow.
The 8 rays of the sun are the 8 provinces
which stood up during the independence
movement. The 3 stars are the regions of
Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Red
represents courage, blue is for noble ideals
and the white stands for peace.

                     Republic of Singapore
                                                      Enters a new age economic partnership agreement with Japan
                                                      Derived from cultural aspects from China, Malaysia, India, Europe and other parts
                                                      of the world, Singapore's culture is a harmonious blend of diversified Oriental and
                                                      Occidental cultures, languages and religions. Having accomplished miraculous
                                                      growth through development of its electronics industry, Singapore has been
                                                      promoting bilateral free trade agreements in addition to WTO negotiations, aiming
                                                      to establish and enhance free trade system. It has already concluded agreements
                                                      with Japan and a number of other countries. The Japan-Singapore Economic
                                                      Agreement for a New Age Partnership concluded in 2002 is the first economic
                                                      partnership agreement that Japan has ever entered into. The Agreement seeks a
      Land Area 685.4 km2                             comprehensive bilateral economic
      Population Approximately 4.1 million (2001)     partnership in such critical areas as
      Capital NA (City State)                         liberalization and facilitation of trade
      Political System Constitutional Republic        and investment, finance, IT, science
      Major Languages English, Chinese, Malay         and technology, and human resource
                         and Tamil
                                                      development. The Agreement is
      Currency Singapore Dollar
                                                      expected to become an exemplary
                                                      model of economic relations between
                                                      Asian countries and Japan.
    Flag Description:
    Red represents universal brotherhood and
    equality of man, white depicts virtue and
    purity and the 5 stars are democracy, peace,
    progress, justice, and equality. The crescent
    illustrates a young nation on the ascendant.

                     Kingdom of Thailand
                                                      Active financial policy and increased export bring recovery from economic crisis
                                                      Having never been subject to foreign colonial rule, Thailand has evolved through
                                                      history with its original culture intact. Most of its population is Buddhist, and
                                                      Buddhism fulfills important functions together with ethnicity and monarchy as
                                                      the three main props consolidating the nation. Thailand has successfully
                                                      industrialized as a result of bringing in foreign capital from Japan and other
                                                      countries since the 1980s, thus, it has departed from its old industrial structure
                                                      focused on primary products. Although Thai society had been hard hit by
                                                      repercussions from the 1997 economic crisis, the economic situation began an
                                                      upswing toward recovery in 1999 as a result of its favorable growth in exports
      Land Area 513,115 km2                           and the government's aggressive
      Population Approximately 62.9 million (2001)    financial policy. Japanese enterprises
      Capital Bangkok                                 have been making inroads into Thailand
      Political System Constitutional Monarchy        and investing since the 1960s, bringing
      Major Language Thai                             on a rapidly deepening bilateral
      Currency Baht
                                                      economic relationship. Japan is now the
                                                      most important partner to Thailand for
                                                      trade, investment and assistance.

    Flag Description:
    It is called the Trirong (3-colored flag). Blue
    stands for the monarchy, white represents
    religion and red signifies the cooperative
    spirit of the country and the people.

                 Socialist Republic of Vietnam
                                                  Realization of economic growth through introduction of market economy and liberalization
                                                  Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country comprising about 55 minority groups.
                                                  About 70% of its workforce is now engaged in agriculture. However, the
                                                  government has adopted the market economy system and is moving forward
                                                  with its "Doi Moi" policy, which is a renovation policy aiming to liberalize trade
                                                  with foreign countries. With a high growth rate fluctuating around the 7%
                                                  mark brought by this policy, Vietnam has been achieving an exceptional
                                                  economic growth. During the Asian economic crisis of 1997, the volume of
                                                  direct investment from foreign countries plummeted and the economy
                                                  underwent a period of stagnation. But today, the economy is on an upward
  Land Area 330,991 km2                           swing toward recovery. Vietnam
  Population Approximately 78.9 million           has a long history of exchange with
              (2001 Provisional estimate)         Japan; one example is a Japantown
  Capital Hanoi                                   that existed in 16th Century Hoi An
  Political System Socialist Republic             in central Vietnam. This year, 2003,
  Major Language Vietnamese
                                                  marks the 30th anniversary for
  Currency Dong
                                                  establishment of diplomatic
                                                  relations with Japan.

Flag Description:
Red represents the blood that was shed
during the revolution and the summit of the 5
peaks of the yellow star represents the unity
of workers, farmers, intellectuals, youths and

                                                  The island nation that became an economic power while fostering its own unique culture
                                                  Japan comprises four principal islands and about seven thousand other
                                                  islands of varying sizes. Having absorbed much of Chinese and Korean
                                                  cultures in ancient times and of North American and European cultures since
                                                  the Meiji Restoration, it has fostered its own unique culture. Through the
                                                  enactment of a new constitution after the end of World War II, it has followed
                                                  the path of a peaceful and democratic country with the Emperor as its
                                                  symbol. Attaining a GDP second only to the U.S.A., Japan has achieved a
                                                  phenomenal economic growth. However, a long period of sluggishness has
                                                  been lingering since 1990 as a result of the bursting of the economic bubble
  Land Area 377,880 km2                           which escalated land and stock prices.
  Population Approximately 127.3 million (2001)   Therefore, structural reform and
  Capital Tokyo                                   economic reconstruction has been the
  Political System Constitutional Monarchy,       highest priority of the government.
                   Parliamentary Cabinet System   Japan is also seeking a closer
  Major Language Japanese
                                                  relationship with the ASEAN countries
  Currency Yen
                                                  to realize the "Japan-ASEAN
Flag Description:                                 Comprehensive Economic Partnership".
This banner is also referred to as the
Hinomaru flag, featuring a deep red sphere
which depicts the early morning sun. It is
also said that red represents philanthropy and
vitality while the white signifies purity. This
design was formally approved to serve as the
national flag in 1999.

      Incredible!! All these products are made in ASEAN countries
      Coffee, with its enticing aroma and taste, computers essential for work, phones
      critical in modern society... Most of these products are imported from ASEAN
      countries. Let's examine the range of manufactured goods and foods that have
      become essential in our lives and discover their relationship with ASEAN countries.                           Coffee

                                                                              "This is what I usually
                                                                                                                                     "And, yes, food for Lassie, too!"
                                                                                have for breakfast."
                "This is Sanae,
           a university student.
        Today is a holiday and                                                                     (including instant coffee)

     she plans to go shopping."

                                                                                      Fruits including                                         Pet food
                                                                                  bananas and pineapples

                                                                          "I was up too late on the phone
                                                                                                                                            Pet food for cats and dogs
                                                                             with my friend. Good night."

                                               Cordless phones

                                                                    Cordless phones
                                                                                                                                TV sets

                                                                  "Must tape the shows that I can't miss!"
                                                                                                                                "Checking e-mail after getting home."

                                                                                                   TV                                                    Computers


                                                                                            VCRs                                                  Computers

             International students in Japan
                                                                                  Clothing                                  Natural rubber

"While enjoying a walk, I was asked for directions
by a Malaysian student who is studying in Japan."                "What should I wear today?"                                     "Now, where to go for lunch?"

                                                                                                        Clothing                                Natural rubber (Tires for cars)

                                                                                                                                                                              Crude oil
 International students in Japan                                                 Furniture                                                   Crude oil

                                                                                                                                         "Relax with music."

                                                                                                                                                                             Car stereo

                               Shoes                                                                                                               Car stereo

                                                                                                                                        "Fish soup for lunch
      "These shoes are nice, too!"                                  "Wow, what a nice ring!"                                              at a restaurant!"
                                                                                                                     Squid, Octopus, Shrimp                             Fish and Shellfish

                                                       Rubies, Sapphires and Emeralds                                                    L.N.G.

                                                                                                                                       L.N.G.                                  Shrimp
                                                     Rubies, Sapphires and Emeralds

                                               The graph represents data for products from the main exporting countries of ASEAN to Japan.               Percentage held by ASEAN
                                               The percentage indicates the share of ASEAN when the total import amount is 100%.                         Percentage held by countries outside of ASEAN
                                                                                                                                                         High-ranking exporting countries of ASEAN

       ASEAN - Japan, its History of Exchange

     The Legendary Period                                                      The Era of Intermediary Trade of the
     (Prehistoric Times)                                                       Kingdom of Ryukyu (15th-16th Century)
     Historically, documented incidents of exchange between the                Entering the 15th century, active trade was carried out between
     countries of Southeast Asia and Japan officially began from the 8th       Southeast Asian countries and Ryukyu (Okinawa) which occupied a
     century. Yet it is generally accepted that there was most likely some     central role. The trade ships brought ivory, spice and dyes from
     sort of exchange between the both regions dating back to prehistoric      Malacca (Malaysia), Siam (Thailand), Luzon (the Philippines) and
     times.                                                                    Java (Indonesia) and conducted tributary trade with the Ming
     Particularly in recent years, the similarities concerning mythology       Dynasty (China). Some trading ships also came to Japan and the
     and the folktales of Southeast Asian countries and Japan have been        Korean Peninsula to resell articles of trade. Shuri Castle (Naha)
     noted. The ancient Japanese legend, the "Hagoromo Legend -                (designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000), which was
     Celestial Maiden's Robe", a story describing the relationship between     the capital of Ryukyu and was also an important relay point, was
     a celestial maiden and the local people, and the "Umisachi                renown for adopting a unique harmonious style of culture integrating
     Yamasachi Story", a story which tells of the brotherhood of the Sea       the products procured in trade from Southeast Asia and China.
     and the Mountain, are remarkably similar to the folklore that have        The trade route which Ryukyu as the point of convergence
     been passed down through the centuries in the Southeast Asian             connected China and Southeast Asian countries, leads to the later
     countries. Thus it could be conjectured that there were some kinds        era of trade of the Shuin Sen (a trading ship authorized by shogunate
     of exchanges between the Southeast Asian countries and Japan              marked with a vermillion-seal).
     dating back to before recorded history.

     The Era of the Kentoshi
     (Japanese Envoys to Tang Dynasty China)
      (Around the 8th Century)
     During the era of the Kentoshi, when exchange students from Japan
     were sent to China to carry out a project of national importance, it is
     said that the ship which carried the Japanese envoys was involved in
     a severe storm in the East China Sea. The travellers were blown off
     course to the distant South China Sea and finally cast ashore on the
     Indochina Peninsula. Moreover, the envoy, Abe no Nakamaro was
     entrusted by the Tang Emperor Xuan Zong to perform duties similar
     to those of a governor in Annam, a traditional region of Vietnam.
                                                                                                                                                          Shuri Castle

                                                                                                                              Early Edo Period (17th Century) ewer and
                                                                                                                  water container brought back from Vietnam for trade.
     Shuin Sen (Photograph: Museum of Maritime Science)                                         Left: Ewer with the Characters for “Long Life” and Flowers in Ash Glaze
                                                                                                           Right: Fresh Water Container with Lotus Petals in Ash Glaze
                                                                                                                                    (Owned by Kyoto National Museum)

The Era of the Shuin Sen Trade and the                                                    during this era. The legend of Nagamasa Yamada who saved King
                                                                                          Songtham of the Ayutthaya Dynasty and became the leader of the
Japantowns (16th-early 17th Century)                                                      Japantown and the story of Ukon Takayama, a Christian feudal lord
                                                                                          who was banished from Japan and was enthusiastically welcomed
During the latter period                                                                  by the local people to live out his days in Manila, provide a hint of
of the Age of Civil                                                                       the situation concerning exchange back at that time.
Wars, trading with the                                                                    As the seclusion policy of the Tokugawa Shogunate took hold from
Nanban Sen(European                                                                       1633, these kinds of Shuin Sen activities quickly began to decrease
ships) began with the                                                                     and Japantowns started to vanish.
appearance of the sea-
going merchants of                                                                        The Era of the Reopening of Exchange and
Portugal. Trading was
conducted in the lands                                                                    the Pacific War (Late 19th Century-1950s)
of Southeast Asia such
as      Manila       (the                 "Japanese Bridge" remaining in Vietnam          The revival of exchange with Southeast Asian countries occurred,
Philippines), Ayutthaya (Thailand), Phnom Penh (Cambodia) and                             following the opening of Japan due to the Meiji Restoration after
Tonkin (Vietnam) focusing mainly on the exchange of Japan's silver,                       more than two centuries of seclusion.
sulfur, local raw silk, silk fabrics, gold and weapons. As Nanban                         With Singapore, a key trade relay point as its center, merchants
Trading became successful, Japanese merchants started to                                  which dealt with general goods, medicine and kimono fabrics started
participate directly in trading. With the issuance of a vermillion-seal                   to venture from Japan.
certificated by the Tokugawa Shogunate which initiated this era, the                      Also, many Japanese emigrated to Southeast Asian countries to
trading of the Shuin Sen began. Due to the overseas trading activities                    search for jobs and places of investment. A sizable number of
of the Shuin Sen, over 1,000 Japanese lived in Ayutthaya and Manila                       Japanese emigrants worked on the construction of the Benguet Road
and Japantowns were built in many other trading cities as well.                           (the Philippines) and on rubber plantations of the Malay Peninsula
Japantowns and Japanese enclaves spread over the whole area of                            (Malaysia). During the Taisho Period, Japanese emigrants
Southeast Asia such as Faifo (Vietnam), Ponhealeu (Cambodia), San                         established rubber plantations and iron ore mines on the Malay
Miguel (the Philippines), and Batavia, Amboina, Banda (Indonesia).                        Peninsula and began a Manila hemp plantation in Davao (the
It is said that there were up to 10,000 Japanese people living in                         Philippines).
various areas of Southeast Asia during this period of time.                               The constructive exchange with Southeast Asian countries was once
There are illustrative episodes which are passed down today that                          again ended with the outbreak of the Pacific War in 1941. After the
took place between the local people and Japanese who emigrated                            defeat of Japan in 1945, Japan restored its relations with the allied
                                                                                          nations through the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951 and rejoined
     Japantowns                    Ming                      Nagasaki                     the international society. With this opportunity, Japan endeavored to
     Japanese enclaves                                                     Japan          recover diplomatic relations with Southeast Asian countries, and
     Other main cities
                                                                                          reparation to these countries was paid and grant aid begun. This
     The main sea route
     of Japanese ships                                                  Ryukyu            became the beginning of a full-scale economic exchange with
      Burma                                            Taiwan                             Southeast Asian countries. These technical and economic
                     Tonkin (Hanoi) Macau                                                 cooperation by Japan created the opportunity for Japanese
                                                                                          companies to open up new markets, but at the same time it could be
                 Siam                                                                     said that Japan contributed to the economic development of the
                           Cochin China                      Cagayan
                     Ayutthaya   Tourane              Manila           Luzon              Southeast Asian countries as well.
                                                           San Miguel
                            Ponhealeu                 Dilao
                             Phnom Penh
           Pattani                                              Mindanao
                                         Borneo                         Islands
                                                       Celebes Seram
                             Banten               Makassar

                                                     Southeast Asia in the 16th Century                            Signing Ceremony of the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951

                                                                                ASEAN - Japan, its History of Exchange

     The Era of Independence of Southeast Asian Countries and
     the New Exchange Overcoming the Second Rupture
     After the reinstitution of diplomatic relations, with Japan's technical
     and economic support and the enthusiastic advancement of its
     corporate activities, exchange between the Southeast Asian countries
     and Japan has once again deepened and relationships in the fields of
     both politics and economics have strengthened. On the other hand,
     this rapid economic advancement had led to some concern between
     ASEAN countries and Japan. Under these circumstances, in 1977,
     then Prime Minister Fukuda announced the initiation of a policy
     (Fukuda Doctrine) which placed greater importance on "heart-to-heart
     understanding" between ASEAN and Japan. Since then, frequent
     contacts between the foreign ministers of ASEAN countries and
     Japan, such as the ASEAN Post-Ministerial Conferences, have been
     intensified. Starting in 1997, ASEAN+3 Summit and Ministerial
     Meetings have been held with the involvement of Japan, China and
     the Republic of Korea and a further strengthening of these critical
     relationships is taking place.                                                                               Prime Minister Fukuda Visiting the Philippines

     As a characteristic point of the exchange between ASEAN countries
     and Japan, economic exchange through trade and investment is
     becoming increasingly active than ever.
     With the proposal of the Fukuda Doctrine, the establishment of
     exchange organizations, such as the ASEAN-Japan Centre, continues
     to thrive. Moreover, "grass roots" exchanges between local cities,
     such as the establishment of a "sister city" relationship between
     Tokyo and Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, are becoming more
     prevalent as well.
     At non-governmental levels of exchange, a remarkable increase in
     tourism could be seen. Moreover, the youth invitation program,
     "Japan-ASEAN Exchange Program for High School Students",
     conducted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and the "Ship
     for Southeast Asian Youth Program", offered by the Cabinet Office,
     are good examples of exchanges among youths that are actively
     taking place. Exchange activities in the field of academic and                 The Ship for Southeast Asian Youth Program (Group Activity within the Ship)

     scientific research, which had seldom taken place, are also underway.
     Scholarly research organizations and academic societies such as the
     Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University (founded in
     1965) and the Japan Society for Southeast Asian History (founded in
     1966) and supporting organizations for research such as the Japan-
     ASEAN Exchange Projects (JAEP) (founded in 1988), were and are
     continuing to be established. With these initiatives, joint research has
     begun with ASEAN countries. Exchanges in various fields, such as
     academic exchanges involving students from ASEAN countries and
     preservation projects, including the restoration of the majestic Angkor
     monuments (Cambodia), are becoming increasingly common as well.
     The year 2003 is a notable exchange year for ASEAN and Japan, and
     the Initiative for Japan-ASEAN Comprehensive Economic Partnership,
     which aims for a deeper partnership between the two parties, is
     steadily building on its success.
     The exchange between ASEAN and Japan not only benefits the people                 Project of the Preservation and the Restoration of the Angkor Monuments
                                                                                                    (Photograph: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA))
     of both regions, but also greatly contributes to the development and
     peace throughout Asia.
     Using lessons of the past, diverse and increasing instances of
     exchange between ASEAN countries and Japan are transcending
     those episodes which took place in the history.

What is the ASEAN-Japan Centre?

     Serving as a Bridge
  between ASEAN and Japan
 Establishment of the ASEAN-Japan Centre                                Providing the Latest Information on ASEAN
 An international organization which provides                           Aiming to promote trade, investment and tourism
 concrete links between ASEAN and Japan
 The ASEAN-Japan Centre was established in 1981 based on an             Toward the promotion of trade, investment and tourism with
 agreement between the governments of ASEAN member                      ASEAN members, various projects such as exhibitions of ASEAN
 countries and Japan with the aim to promote trade, investment          products, seminars for investment and tourism, human resource
 and tourism. Its formal name is the "ASEAN Promotion Centre            development, and technical cooperation take place at the Centre.
 on Trade, Investment and Tourism". The three main objectives           Information is also provided to the public through its
 of the Centre are: 1. To promote export from ASEAN to Japan,           publications and Internet website.
 particularly semi-processed and manufactured goods; 2. To              At the ASEAN-Japan Centre located in Ginza 4-chome, the
 accelerate the inflow of investment from Japan to ASEAN,               Permanent Exhibition Hall is available for all visitors. At the
 including the transfer of skills and technology; 3. To vitalize        "Trade Exhibition Corner", exhibitions introducing prospective
 tourist traffic from Japan to ASEAN.                                   ASEAN products are held and individual business meetings with
 At the outset, there were 6 member countries including                 interested buyers take place on site. The "General Information
 Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and          Corner" features current editions of referenced publications on
 Japan. Later, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos            trade, investment and tourism with newspapers from each
 joined, and Myanmar is currently participating as an observer.         ASEAN member country. Computers are installed to visitors
 While the ASEAN-Japan Centre is an international organization          seeking information through the Internet. The ASEAN-Japan
 independent from the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta, Indonesia, it       Centre is a place where the latest information about ASEAN
 maintains close contact with the ASEAN member countries                could be found.
 through activities in their capitals, their embassies in Japan, as
 well as related offices furthering interests in the fields of trade,
 investment and tourism.

                                                                                         ASEAN's Exports to Japan: Transition from

     Trade                                                                               Raw Materials to Manufactured Products
                                                                                         ASEAN and Japan have become increasingly
                                                                                         important trading partners to each other
                                                                                         during the recent years. Trade between
                                                                                                                                                                    Ongoing structural changes in the nature of
                                                                                                                                                                    the trade relationship between ASEAN and
                                                                                                                                                                    Japan are another significant factors to be
                                                                                         ASEAN and Japan has generally continued to                                 noted. In the past, Japan used to import raw
                                                                                         expand on an upward trend. Although it                                     materials and agricultural and marine
                                                                                         temporarily experienced a downturn in 1998                                 products and export manufactured goods to
                                                                                         due to repercussions from Asian economic                                   ASEAN. However, the import percentage for
                                                                                         crisis, the value of trade has recorded a                                  manufactured goods, which was less than
                                                                                         steady improvement since 1999,                                             10% of the total amount of imports in 1980,
                                                                                         corresponding with the strong economic                                     rose to more than 60% in 2002. The
                                                                                         recovery of the ASEAN countries.                                           manufactured products imported from
                                                                                         The total value of trade between ASEAN and                                 ASEAN countries are mainly represented by
                                                                                         Japan rose to over 100 billion dollars in                                  electronics, machinery and textiles.
                                                                                         2001, accounting for 14.4% of Japan's                                      Thus, it could be said that ASEAN and Japan
                                                                                         overall trade figures.                                                     are in a mutually complementary
                                                                                         Conversely, trade with Japan accounts for                                  relationship. Especially, in the machinery
                                                                                         15.4% of ASEAN's total trade figures. From                                 and equipment industry, the advancing and
                                                                                         a country by country perspective, Japan is                                 deepening of the division of labor by country
                                                                                         the largest export partner for Brunei                                      could be illustrated by the increase of trade
                                                                                         Darussalam, Indonesia and Vietnam and                                      within this area.
                                                                                         concerning imports, Japan is the top partner
                                                                                         for Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and

     Source: Direction of Trade Statistics Yearbook 2002 (International Monetary Fund)

                                                                                                                           Source: The Summary Report, Trade of Japan (Japan Tariff Association)
                                                                                                                           Note: 1 Manufactured Products as defined by SITC (The Standard International Trade Classification) Categories 5 to 9.
     Source: The Summary Report, Trade of Japan (Japan Tariff Association)                                                       2 The total does not include Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar.

     People who Connect Countries                                                        I            N               T                 E                    R                    V                    I                  E                    W
                                                                                         Learning IT and International Business while Aiming for the Economic Development of My Country
                                                                                         A cartoon I saw when I was little was the start of my deep interest in Japan. At my university in the U.S.A., my minor was
                                                                                         Japanese and I went to Doshisha University in Kyoto for a year as an exchange student. At first, I could speak only very
                                                                                         little Japanese so I had a hard time communicating. However, since my home stay family, friends and neighbors were all
                                                                                         very kind towards me, I felt like I was able to become a part of Japan. I was determined to come back again.
                                                                                         After graduating from my university, I returned to the Philippines. I came to Japan last year after working at an IT-related
                                                                                         company for a year. For the first year, I studied Japanese at a language school and this April I was enrolled as a student
                                                                                         for a master's degree at the University of Tokyo. My theme of research is e-government. Currently, I am dealing with
                                                                                         research related to the construction of a system that would allow voting in a presidential election through the Internet.
                     Jose Luis Barcelon Lacson 23 years old
                     From Manila, the Philippines. Currently studies at
                                                                                         After I graduate, I would like to work for a Japanese IT-related company to develop my understanding of international
      PROFILE        the Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Information                business practices in Japan, and then go back to the Philippines.
                     Studies, the University of Tokyo.                                   I believe that the advanced IT and international business concepts which I learn in Japan would contribute to the
                                                                                         economic development in the Philippines.

The Growing Attraction of Investment in ASEAN

The total amount of foreign direct investment
of Japan to ASEAN countries from 1951 to
2001 cumulated to over 11 trillion yen and
                                                                                    2001, Japan's share is 15.7%, ranked
                                                                                    second after the U.S.A.
                                                                                    The objectives of Japan's investment in
accounts for 10.1% of the total figure.                                             ASEAN are not only to secure labor and to
Notably, investment in ASEAN from Japanese                                          establish a production adjacent to its
enterprises rapidly increased from the 1980s                                        consuming region. It is also very important
to the 1990s fueled by the remarkably strong                                        from the perspective of the diversification of
yen experienced in the 1980s.                                                       investment destinations in Asia.
Using this influx of capital from overseas as
an opportunity, ASEAN has achieved a
remarkable export-based economic growth
and has shown a great progress in the
advancement of its industrial structure.
The severe Asian economic crisis of 1997,
worsened by the impact of Japan's own
economic downturn, had a serious effect
upon investment in ASEAN. However,
promotion of AFTA and new investment
policies are being implemented for the
recovery of the region-wide economy.
In the foreign direct investment (balance of
payments basis) in ASEAN from 1995 to

                                                                                                                                                                            Source: Ministry of Finance, Japan

Source: Statistics of Foreign Direct Investment in ASEAN 2002 (ASEAN Secretariat)
Note: Total cumulative figures 1995-2001 exclude data on FDI in Cambodia.                                   Source: Ministry of Finance, Japan

People who Connect Countries                                                        I           N             T                    E             R     V             I            E                    W
                                                                                    Managing the Factory while Treasuring Exchange with the Community
                                                                                    I would describe the Vietnamese as "hard working" people. I provide technical instructions on cultivating
                                                                                    pearls, but they complete the work by coming up with various kinds of methods to implement our instructions.
                                                                                    They are good at doing highly detailed work using hand skills so I think it is possible to create high quality
                                                                                    products that would be competitive with other countries.
                                                                                    On the eve of our beginning to build the factory, there were voices of concern regarding technical aspects, but
                                                                                    the products created here in fact have proven to be fully acceptable in the Japanese market.
                                                                                    Since employment costs are low compared to Japan, and preferential tax measures have been instituted,
                                                                                    Vietnam is indeed a very attractive country to invest in. Also, exchanges with the community have become
               Chikara Yamaguchi 31 years old
               Works at a Jewel Manufacturer, transferred to the
                                                                                    something to look forward to. We enjoy operating this particular factory as we treasure communication with
PROFILE        Vietnam factory from 2003                                            the local people. We donate to those projects which build and maintain the infrastructure of the town and also
                                                                                    provide financial support to repair their boats.

                                                                                   An Attractive Destination for Tourists

 Tourism                                                                           ASEAN is enriched with attractive tourism
                                                                                   destinations which include renowned resorts
                                                                                   in breathtaking natural surroundings and
                                                                                                                                            Tourism, which creates an opportunity for
                                                                                                                                            employment and generates voluminous
                                                                                                                                            consumption, is an important industry to
                                                                                   historical places that are designated as World           ASEAN as well. However, the wonderful
                                                                                   Heritage Sites. With its immense diversity in            attractions of the ASEAN countries have not
                                                                                   ethnicity, language and customs and having               yet been fully introduced to the prospective
                                                                                   almost no time difference with Japan, ASEAN              tourists.
                                                                                   is a popular area where one could                        For further promotion of the overall region as
                                                                                   conveniently enjoy overseas travelling. The              a single tourist destination, ASEAN has
                                                                                   number of Japanese tourists arrivals, only               launched the "Visit ASEAN Campaign" in
                                                                                   about 960,000 people in the 1980s, has now               2001.
                                                                                   risen to 3,700,000, and the number is                    To improve quality of service of the receiving
                                                                                   anticipated to soar even higher with the                 countries and to invite tourists to ASEAN,
                                                                                   booming popularity of ASEAN goods and                    various promotional activities are being
                                                                                   cuisine.                                                 implemented such as the creation of
                                                                                                                                            common campaign logos, publication of tour
                                                                                                                                            pamphlets, training of tour guides and
                                                                                                                                            upgrading its infrastructure.

        Source: Respective National Tourist Offices
        Note: Preliminary figure

     Source: World Tourism Organization (WTO)

     People who Connect Countries                                                  I           N             T            E             R            V             I           E             W
                                                                                   Becoming a Tour Guide to Make Good Use of Japanese
                                                                                   Upon graduation from the University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce in 1975, I received a scholarship to
                                                                                   study at Tenri University in Nara, Japan for 2 years. After going back to my country, I was employed by Thai
                                                                                   Airways International, but there I did not have much chance to use Japanese. So I eventually decided to leave
                                                                                   that job after 2 years because I really wanted to make good use of my Japanese language skill, which I worked
                                                                                   quite hard to acquire. That is how I became a Japanese tour guide.
                                                                                   As a guide, my overall impression of Japanese tourists has been very good. Everybody shows respect towards
                                                                                   the guide and listens to the explanations. They are also punctual, trustworthy and well disciplined.
                                                                                   People in Thailand and Japan have characteristics which are somewhat similar. Maybe it is because Buddhism
                     Tassanee Distflaporn 53 years old
                     Studied as an exchange student at Tenri University in Nara
                                                                                   lies on the basis of the culture in both countries. In order to deepen the degree of exchange between the two
      PROFILE        Prefecture after graduating from the University of the Thai   countries, I believe that it is important to continue to develop my Japanese language ability as a tour guide.
                     Chamber of Commerce. Currently works as a tour guide
                     in a Japanese travel agency with 20 years of experience.

Transcends National Borders
to Assist Overall ASEAN Development
Official Development Assistance (ODA) from
Japan is comparatively large in scale and
extends to over 160 countries and regions in
                                                                   increasing. In 2001, total ODA towards
                                                                   ASEAN countries reached the 2,108 million
                                                                   dollar mark which accounts for
                                                                                                                                          Official Development Assistance

the world. Beyond its historic and                                 approximately 30% of Japan's overall ODA
geographic importance, ASEAN is considered                         spending.
as one of the most important areas targeted                        In addition to bilateral cooperation, Japan
to offer Japanese assistance since it has                          also contributes to the development of
developed a close interdependent                                   overall scope transcending national borders.
                                                                                                                                  Photograph: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
relationship in multiple fields such as                            The "Greater Mekong Sub-region Program" is
politics, economics, cultural exchanges etc.                       a visionary example of such projects. This
with Japan. Economic cooperation towards                           development program takes place in 5                        Economic Corridor" which crosses over the
ASEAN emphasizes not only to build the                             countries (Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand,                     Indochina region, could be cited as examples
region's economic infrastructure, but also to                      Myanmar and Laos) and 1 region (Yun Nan                     of Japan's concrete commitment to the
improve basic human needs and human                                Province, China) along the Mekong River,                    advancement of the area.
resources, which in turn, has been                                 which runs through the Indochina Peninsula.
contributing to the remarkable development                         The objectives are to strengthen intra-
in the region.                                                     regional relationship, to eliminate economic
Responding to the crushing Asian economic                          disparities within the region, and to fortify
crises in 1997, Japan has placed top                               the overall unification of ASEAN.
diplomatic priority on the revitalization of the                   The construction of the Second Mekong
Asian economies, and hence, intensified its                        International Bridge, which connects
assistance to Asia. Demonstrating this                             Thailand and Laos, and the various other
ongoing commitment, recently the share of                          projects promoting the economic
ODA support allocated to ASEAN has been                            infrastructure relative to the "East-West

                                                                                                                               Japan's ODA Projects imprinted
                                                                                                                               on Foreign Currency
                                                                                                                               "Cambodia's 500 Riel"
                                                                                                                               (The Project for Construction of a Bridge over the
                                                                                                                               Mekong River)
                                                                                                                               National Road No.7, one of Cambodia's primary
                                                                                                                               highways, was divided into east and west by the
                                                                                                                               Mekong River. The Mekong bridge, which was built
                                                                                                                               by Japan's ODA project (Fiscal Year 1997-2000
                                                                                                                               grant aid, total of 6.4 billion yen), helped improve
                                                                                                                               the transportation system between the northeastern
                                                                                                                               region of agricultural importance and the capital.
                                                                                                                               This bridge is called "Spien Kizuna", "Spien"
Source: Japan's Official Development Assistance White Paper 2002                                                               meaning bridge in Khmer and "Kizuna" meaning
       (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan)
Note: Net disbursement basis

People who Connect Countries                                       I           N              T             E             R              V              I             E               W
                                                                   What I Wanted to Teach was the Importance of Continuation
                                                                   "I want to try out my abilities in unknown places."
                                                                   Ever since I was in high school, I always had that mentality. I built my determination through the study of
                                                                   Karate, which I practiced in my university, and eventually joined the Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers. I
                                                                   was sent to Laos, and was stationed in Vientiane, the capital.
                                                                   There I saw students practicing most diligently at a Dojo (exercise hall) with only a roof for protection from the
                                                                   elements. The main reason that I was able to deal with various problems, such as insufficient funds and
                                                                   shortage of instructors, was because of the children's earnest attitudes and their smiling faces.
                                                                   What I wanted to express to the children of Laos through Karate was the "Importance of Continuation". With
               Yukari Sato 28 years old
               Born in Gunma Prefecture, graduated from Asia
                                                                   Karate, it is possible to master the art by practicing hard everyday. The same thing could be said in everyday
PROFILE        University. Stationed in Laos as a Japan            life, if you continue something step by step, your effort would gradually bear fruit. That's what I really believe.
               Overseas Cooperation Volunteer for 2 years from     In Laos, I was blessed with a lot of friends and after my mission was completed, I visited Laos again. I would
               July 2000.                                          like to teach Karate in Laos once more. That is my dream.

How would the figures of ASEAN and Japan in comparison to the world appear?

                  Land Area                                                          Population                                                            GDP

  Indonesia is the country in ASEAN with the largest                  Indonesia is the most populous nation in ASEAN with         GDP per capita in ASEAN stands at US$1,154. This
  landmass occupying approximately 45% of the total                   over 200 million people, which accounts for                 figure equates to 1/18 that of the EU, and 1/24 of the
  area of the constituent members. Conversely, the                    approximately 40% of the total number of inhabitants of     comparable figure for the North American Free Trade
  smallest member is Singapore, which accounts for 0.02               the region. The Philippines and Vietnam come in
                                                                                                                                  Area (NAFTA). In China, the GDP is US$927, which is
  % of the total territory of the ASEAN countries.                    second and third. The country with the smallest
                                                                                                                                  roughly 80% of the ASEAN figure.
                                                                      population is Brunei Darussalam with 0.3 million, which
                                                                      amounts to only 0.1% of the total.

      External Trade Value                                                         Export Value                                                Import Value

  ASEAN has a total external trade value which is                     Although Japan has seen its percentage of export value      In addition to export, ASEAN continues to record
  equivalent to 1/6 of the EU's and 1/4 that of North                 vis-a-vis world trade value decline since the peak of the   consistent increase in import value despite a temporary
  American Free Trade Area (NAFTA). The total is roughly              early 1990s, ASEAN is continuing to attain steady           decline resulting from the monetary crisis of 1997.
  equal to that of Japan, which clearly emphasizes its                progress despite a temporary downturn due to the            Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand, in that order, are the
  important position in global trade.                                 monetary crisis which gripped Asia in 1997.                 top three ASEAN members with the largest national
                                                                                                                                  import value.

                                                           ASEAN-JAPAN CENTRE                                                           To Shimbashi
                                                                                                                                                                        JR Yurakucho Sta.
                                                                                                                                                                                            To Tokyo

                                                           (ASEAN Promotion Centre on Trade, Investment and Tourism)                      Hankyu
                                                                                                                                                 Ginza Sta.      Sotobori-dori Ave.
                                                           Central Building, 10-3, Ginza 4-chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0061, Japan
                                                                                                                                        Sony Bldg.        Fujiya
                                                           Tel: +81-3-3546-1221 Fax: +81-3-3541-5276
                                                                                                                                           San-ai            Wako
                                                                                                                   Ginza Sta.    Ginza-dori Ave.
                                                                                                                                                          Mitsukoshi ASEAN-JAPAN            Matsuya
                                                           Office Hours                                                                                                  CENTRE
                                                           Monday - Friday (closed on Saturday, Sundays and Public Holidays)                 Higashi-ginza Sta. Showa-dori Ave.

                                                           9:30 AM - 5:30 PM                                                                                Kabuki-za Theater

To top