Send a Situation Report (SITREP)
Conditions: You are an element leader with an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO), map, overlay or
sketch map with graphic control measures, and an operational vehicle. You may be digitally equipped. Your current situation
requires you to send a SITREP.
Standards: Prepare a SITREP in standard format and send to the next higher element. Maintain situational awareness (SA).
Note: The operational environment must be considered at all times during this task. All
Army elements must be prepared to enter any environment and perform their missions
while, at the same time, dealing with a wide range of unexpected threats and other
influences. Units must be ready to counter these threats and influences and, at the same
time, be prepared to deal with various third-party actors, such as international humanitarian
relief agencies, news media, refugees, and civilians on the battlefield. These groups may or
may not be hostile to us, but they can, if given a chance, affect the unit's ability to
accomplish its mission.
Note: Units equipped with digital communication systems will use these systems to
maximize information management, maintain SA, and minimize electronic signature.
1. Prepare a SITREP in standard format as follows:
Note: The SITREP is used to report any change since the last report, to request resupply,
and to report the current location of the element; only lines or parts of lines that contain
new information will be sent. It may require additional follow-up reports.
Note: Apt and accurate reporting of friendly elements locations, obstacles, and contacts are
essential to maintaining SA and the reduction of potential fratricide incidents.
a. Line 1: Report as-of date time group (DTG).
b. Line 2: Give a brief summary of enemy activity, casualties inflicted,
and prisoners captured.
c. Line 3: Provide encoded information about friendly locations using
control measures or terrain index reference system (TIRS) points.
(1) Provide command post (CP), observation post (OP) locations, or
your own location.
(2) Provide first sub-element(s) center of mass.
(3) Provide second sub-element(s) center of mass.
(4) Provide third sub-element(s) center of mass.
(5) Provide locations for any additional elements as necessary.
d. Line 4: Provide encoded information on the operational status of
e. Line 5: Provide encoded information about defensive obstacles.
(1) Give type and coordinates of obstacles, list as—
(a) MF (minefield).
(b) TD (tank ditch).
(c) AB (abatis).
(d) CW (concertina wire).
(2) Give type and coordinates of executed demolition targets.
(3) Give type and coordinates of reserved demolition targets.
f. Line 6: Compute percentage and assign the following color codes to
indicate personnel strength:
Note: Commander's guidance or unit standing operating procedure (SOP) may vary about
(1) GREEN: Full strength (90 percent or more fit for duty).
(2) AMBER: Reduced strength (80 to 89 percent fit for duty).
(3) RED: Reduced strength (60 to 79 percent fit for duty; the vehicle
and crew are mission capable).
(4) BLACK: Reduced strength (59 percent or less fit for duty).
g. Line 7: Compute percentages and assign color codes to indicate status
of Class III (petroleum, oils, and lubricants [POL]) and Class V (ammunition)
(1) GREEN: Full strength (90 percent or better on hand).
(2) AMBER: Reduced strength (80 to 89 percent on hand).
(3) RED: Reduced strength (60 to 79 percent on hand; the vehicle is
(4) BLACK: Reduced strength (59 percent or less on hand).
Note: If an item is reported as status level BLACK on lines 6 or 7, the appropriate yellow
report (logistics) must follow.
h. Line 8: Provide a summary of tactical intentions.
2. Send the SITREP to the next higher element.
3. Maintain SA.
Evaluation Preparation: Setup: Provide the Soldier with the equipment and/or materials described in the condition statement.
Brief Soldier: Tell the Soldier what is expected of him by reviewing the task standards. Stress the importance of observing all
cautions and warnings to avoid injury to personnel and, if applicable, damage to equipment.
Performance Measures GO NO GO
1. Prepared the SITREP in standard format. —— ——
2. Sent the SITREP. —— ——
3. Maintained SA. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Refer to chapter 1, paragraph 1-9e, (1) and (2).
Related: FM 6-99.2