Social Studies 7B Unit 3 Study Guide by nuhman10

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									        Purpose: To help students take notes as they read and to focus on the most important parts in
        preparation for quizzes and, eventually, the final exam. Use the guide as you read, take notes on
        it, and then study it before taking the lesson quiz. If you have questions, please WebMail or
        call Mr. Bonkoski!

Preview of the Unit: In this unit you will begin your study of Latin America. You will explore
the geographical features of the countries of Latin America. You will also examine the
histories of South and Central America, from the height of their early civilizations, to
European exploration and conquest, to the achievement of independence. Finally, you will learn about the
cultures of Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.


Lesson 1: Land and Water (pp. 338-342)

Term/Important               Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
The 3 regions of Latin
America



Landforms of Mexico
and Central America




Landforms of the
Caribbean




Landforms of South
America
Latin America’s
Waterways




Lesson 2: Climate and Vegetation (pp. 343-349)

Term/Important             Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
El Niño




Climates of Latin
America & Climate
Regions




Factors that affect
climate in Latin America




Vegetation regions in
Latin America (List
them.)
Crops and climate




Elevation and vegetation




Lesson 3: Resources and Land Use (pp. 352-358)

Term/Important             Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
Natural resources




Middle America: Riches
of land and sea




Caribbean: Sugar,
Coffee, and More




South America’s
resources
One-resource economy




Problems of a one-
resource economy




Latin America & the
world economy




Weather effects




Diversify




How Latin America is
diversifying their
economies
                     Review for Lessons 1-3 Quiz

                     Make sure that you are familiar with the following terms, names, and ideas
                     before attempting the Lessons 1-3 Quiz.

      Hemisphere that Latin America is located

      Importance of Mexico’s Central Plateau

      El Niño

      How Caribbean islands were formed

      Key products that are farmed in the Caribbean due to wet and dry climate

      Mountain range that runs the west coast of South America

      Amazon River Basin & the tropical rainforest

      Factors that affect climate in Latin America

      2 countries that produce coffee as their “cash crop”

      Diversify

Lesson 4: Early Civilizations of Middle America (pp. 368-372)

Term/Important             Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
Mayan Civilization




The Great Mystery of
the Mayas




Tenochtitlàn
Aztecs: Building an
empire




Aztecs: Farming




Aztecs: Culture and
Religion




Aztec Medicine




Aztec Trade




The end of the Aztec
Empire




Lesson 5: The Incas (People of the Sun) (pp. 373-377)

Term/Important          Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
Cuzco
Topa Inca




The Rise of the Incas




Incan government and
records




Incan roads, bridges,
and aqueducts




Incan buildings




Incan religion




The Quechua
Lesson 6: European Conquest (pp. 378-384)

Term/Important            Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
Moctezuma




Christopher Columbus




Dividing a continent




Conquistadors




Hernàn Cortès




Francisco Pizarro




Effects of the European
settlers arriving




Mestizos




Hacienda
The Effect of European
Rule




Brazil




Lesson 7: Independence (pp. 385-389)

Term/Important           Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
Toussaint L’Ouverture




Revolution




Criollo




The “Cry of Dolores”




Mexico becomes
independent
Simòn Bolìvar




Jose de San Martìn




An important meeting




Brazil takes a different
route




Independence brings
challenges
Lesson 8: From Past to Present (pp. 392-396)

Term/Important          Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
Colonial legacy




Foreign involvement




The Beginnings of
Reform




Foreign Debt




Looking toward the
future
                    Review for Lessons 4-8 Quiz

                    Make sure that you are familiar with the following terms, names, and ideas
                    before attempting the Lessons 4-8 Quiz.

      Accomplishments of the Incas

      Contributions to Spanish victory over the Aztecs

      First European colony in the Americas to win independence

      Two leaders who contributed to independence in South America

      Caudillos

      Copan and Tikal (Cities of which ancient civilization?)

      Line of Demarcation

      Brazil was once a colony of which European country?

      Effects of the rise of the price of oil in the 1980s

      How Latin American countries have tried to improve their economies in recent times

Lesson 9: Cultures of Mexico and Central America (pp. 402-407)

Term/Important             Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
Campesinos




Indigenous people




One region, many faces




Art of Middle America
The Church




Fighting injustice




Maquiladoras




Life in the city




Moving to the United
States




Building a better life
Lesson 10: The Cultures of the Caribbean (pp. 410-414)

Term/Important            Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
West Indies




First people of the
Caribbean




Ethnic group




People in the Caribbean
today




Life on the islands




Carnival
Caribbean Food




Caribbean Music




          Caribbean Cuisine Portfolio Guide
          (Please print out the directions in Unit 3, Lesson 10, and then use this information as a
          guide to completing the portfolio.)

Overview: You will explore food dishes of the Caribbean in this portfolio project. I encourage you with
the assistance of a learning coach to try cooking the dish that you choose!

Steps for the Portfolio

   1.   Research a specific Caribbean recipe or dish. Options are in the portfolio directions.
   2.   Research your chosen recipe’s country of origin.
   3.   Research which ingredients in your recipe are native to the Caribbean region, and which are not.
   4.   The recipe for the dish with specific instructions on how to make it.
   5.   Find (or take a picture of) the finished dish/product.
   6.   Create a poster or PowerPoint with the following information:
            a. Characteristics of traditional Caribbean food in general;
            b. The origin of your recipe;
            c. The origins of the ingredients in your recipe;
            d. The answer to the question “What makes your recipe uniquely Caribbean?”;
            e. Comparison of the recipe to a typical meal in your family;
            f. Your opinion of the dish / if you think you would like it;
            g. Visual of the finished dish.

Lesson 11: The Cultures of South America (pp. 415-420)

Term/Important             Description (Take your notes here.)
Person/Concept
The Caribbean Coast
people
The Andean Countries
and the South




Brazil




South American
Literature




Role of Women in South
America




Farming in South
America
South America’s Cities




                                           Unit 3 Test Review

Make sure that you are familiar with the following terms, names, and ideas before attempting the
                  Unit 3 Test.

                        Key factor that affects climate of mountainous Latin America

                        The economies of Central America

                        Similarities between the Mayan and Aztec civilizations

      Religion of the Incas

      Line of Demarcation

      Unusual thing about how Brazil gained its independence

      Major economic problem facing most Latin America countries

      Ancestry of most Central American people

      Two main cultures of the island of Hispaniola

      Andean countries in South America

Be prepared to write 3-5 sentences on each of the following topics:

      Overreliance on one crop and what Latin American countries are doing to turn this problem around

      Similarities and difference between culture of South America and Mexico

								
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