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					        Coaching as a Tool for School
        Improvement: The SEA Role
             Karen Laba
             Center on Innovation and Improvement




March 2011                Academy of Pacesetting States   1
             Welcome!
              Purpose of the presentation
              Intended outcomes          “If you don’t know where
                                        you’re going, you might wind
              Brief overview                 up someplace else.”
                                                            Yogi Berra




March 2011                  Academy of Pacesetting States                2
             Coaching for School Improvement: WHY?

                Local capacity limitations                   Coaches who can
                State capacity limitations                   outline plays on a
                                                           black board are a dime
                Coherence                                 a dozen. The ones who
                                                             win get inside their
                                                            players and motivate.

                                                              Vince Lombardi




      PLUS: “Sam said it was a good idea!”


March 2011                 Academy of Pacesetting States                            3
             ESSENTIAL Coaching Function:
             Pressure and Support

                 “An outside school coach, properly prepared and
              sensitive to individual and whole-school concerns, can
               provide a balance of pressure and support to initiate
                  and sustain meaningful school improvement.”
                               (Kostin and Haeger, 2006)
              “properly prepared”

              “sensitive . . .concerns”

              “provide a balance of pressure and support . . .




March 2011                  Academy of Pacesetting States              4
             Coach’s Responsibilities

                Locally defined
                 responsibilities                           A good coach will make
                                                           his players see what they
                State expectations                        can be rather than what
                                                                    they are.
                Other considerations
                                                            Ara Parseghian, Notre
                                                            Dame football coach




March 2011                 Academy of Pacesetting States                               5
             Coach’s Responsibilities:
             State Expectations

                What is the work?
                    Continuous improvement –
                                                             “Keep it simple. When you
                     school, LEA                             get too complex you forget
                                                                    the obvious.”
                    SIG implementation,                             Al Maguire
                     monitoring
                    Other . . .
                Varying Regulatory
                 Environments, State
                 Contexts !!

March 2011                   Academy of Pacesetting States                            6
             SEA Sponsors of Coaching
                Some State sponsors of coaching for school
                 improvement –
                    Virginia
                    Illinois
                    New Hampshire
                    Idaho
                    North Dakota
                    Vermont
                Coaching within/ beyond Indistar

March 2011                  Academy of Pacesetting States     7
             SEA Role: Providing Guidance
                Essential competencies
                                                               "Good teams
                   Personal/ interpersonal,
                                                            become great ones
                    professional                           when the members
                                                             trust each other
                   Knowledge, skills                      enough to surrender
                Performance Expectations                  the Me for the We."

                Advice on recruiting coaches                  Phil Jackson

                Advice on contracting for
                 coaching services


March 2011                 Academy of Pacesetting States                         8
             PACESETTER SEA SHARE
                                        What are some examples of
                                            guidance offered by
        Finding good players is
      easy. Getting them to play        Pacesetter (and other) states
      as a team is another story.         around the qualities and
             Casey Stengel
                                          competencies of school
                                          improvement coaches?




March 2011                     Academy of Pacesetting States            9
             SEA Role: Communicating Expectations
         Consider Doug Reeves’ advice:
          “Effective coaching focuses on changing performance. Therefore, the first
           requirement of any coaching relationship is that the person receiving the
         coaching must agree that a change in performance will be useful. Throwing
         coaches at teachers and principals who have not first agreed that improved
             student performance is essential will be a waste of time and money.”
                                           (Reeves, 2009, p. 75)
SEA Expectations = (a) tasks (EASY !!)
        (b) purpose/ reason (HARD!!)                                 “You get the best effort
Task expectations – checklists (Guide, pp. 44, 51, 52)             from others not by lighting
                                                                   a fire beneath them, but by
Purpose expectations – How can the SEA communicate
                                                                      building a fire within.”
the need for “a change in performance”?
      Typical – Federal and/or state accountability                  Bob Nelson, Buffalo Bills,
      sanctions                                                         Oakland Raiders.
      Optimal – Inspire pursuit of excellence


March 2011                       Academy of Pacesetting States                                    10
             PACESETTER SEA SHARE

                                                  What are some ways
                                                SEAs are communicating
      Excellence is the gradual                  expectations – for both
     result of always striving to                 school improvement
              do better.
                                                tasks and the need for a
        Pat Riley, NBA Coach                    change in performance?




March 2011                     Academy of Pacesetting States           11
             SEA Role: Monitoring Effectiveness
                 *What Gets Monitored Gets Done*

         Monitoring Compliance
           measures – checklists, self-reports
           Indistar® coaching comments – quality, frequency
         Monitoring Impact
           Intended outcomes/ audience
           Trustworthy measures
                   Instructional practices
                   Organizational structures
                   Professional learning

March 2011              Academy of Pacesetting States         12
             PACESETTER SEA SHARE
        What are some ways SEAs
                                                     “Look for players with
         are monitoring coaching,                     character and ability.
         both for compliance and                         But remember,
                                                     character comes first."
         for impact?
                                                     Joe Gibb, NFL Redskins




March 2011           Academy of Pacesetting States                             13
             Coaching Tools and Resources

             Coaching for School Improvement: A Guide for
               Coaches and their Supervisors www.centerii.org
                -- Coaching for School Improvement
                -- Coaching with Indicators
                -- Selecting and Supporting School Improvement Coaches
                -- Monitoring Coaching
             Indistar® Blog http://indistar.blogspot.com/
                 Share your stories, strategies and coaching successes
                 and challenges



March 2011                   Academy of Pacesetting States               14
             Feedback and Next Steps

             Send comments,
             suggestions to Karen                       “I have a plan of action,
                                                        but the game is a game
             karenlaba@comcast.net                          of adjustments.”
             and/or Marilyn Murphy                      Mike Krzyzewski, Duke
             murphyma@temple.edu                              basketball




March 2011              Academy of Pacesetting States                               15

				
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