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Human Anatomy Lab Test 2 Review


  • pg 1
									                             Final Exam Review

The Respiratory System

   1. To name the structures involved in the respiratory passageway
   2. Pharynx (commonly called throat) provides the passageway for food, fluid, and
       air; the auditory tube drains into the nasopharynx
   3. Larynx contains the thyroid cartilage
   4. To understand the walls of the alveolar; function of type II cells
   5. To know the location and function of ciliated epithelium in the respiratory system
   6. The amount of smooth muscles increase as the conducting tubes of the lungs
       become smaller
   7. To name the location of the respiratory control centers
   8. What is the function of pleurae?
   9. To name the factors responsible for holding the lungs to the thorax (surface
       tension, positive pressure, and atmosphere pressure)
   10. Visceral sensory, vagus motor, and sympathetic motor nerves innervate the lungs
   11. Which muscles are involved in inhalation and exhalation?

The Digestive System

    1.  To describe the hepatic circulation and its function
    2.  To understand the location and function of the mesenteries
    3.  To know the common layers of the alimentary canal
    4.  To understand the formation of the hepatopanceatic ampulla
    5.  To identify the number of milk teeth and permanent teeth; the dental formula
        (what does each number stand for); tooth structure
    6. The salivary glands are composed of serous and mucous cells
    7. To familiar with the location and function of the parietal, chief and zymogenic
    8. To identify the subdivision of the small intestine
    9. The important peritoneal folds include mesentery, peritoneal, and omenta
    10. To name the types of papillae on the tongue that contain taste buds
    11. What are the bile composition and function?
    12. To describe the nervous control of digestive system (mucosa and submucosa)

The Urinary System

    1.   What regions of a nephron would you find in the renal cortex and renal medulla?
    2.   To describe the urine passageway
    3.   To describe the microscopic structures of a Bowman’s capsule
    4.   A renal corpuscle is made of the Bowman’s capsule and glomerulus
    5.   The fatty tissue hold kidneys in their normal position
    6.   To describe branches of renal artery
    7.   To describe the structural differences between the urethras of males and females

     8. To describe the filtration membrane (podocytes, basement membrane, and
        glomerular endothelium)
     9. What structures are belonged to the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

The Reproductive system

   1.   To define corpus luteum, fallopian tubes, and labia majora
   2.   To know the cellular structures of the spermatozoa
   3.   To understand the location and function of interstitial cells or Leydig cells
   4.   The ovary is surrounded by the tunica albuginea
   5.   To define mammary glands
   6.   To describe the major difference between spermatogenesis and oogenesis

Other Chapters

   1. What are the general characteristics of epithelial tissue?
   2. To know the basic differences between dense irregular and dense regular
       connective tissues
   3. To know the embryonic germ layers and the primary tissue types that they
   4. What are the locations of arrector pili muscles and hair follicles?
   5. To define epithermal ridges
   6. To describe the main structures in the dermis and hypodermis
   7. To define bones that formed by intramembranous ossification
   8. To name the ligaments that involved in holding the vertebral column in place
   9. To name the most common site of fracture in the humerus
   10. To know the number of bones in the skull
   11. To name the vertebrae that possess a body, a spine, and transverse foramina
   12. To define the pectoral girdle
   13. To provide examples of adduction, supination, dorsiflexon, and protraction
   14. To define the types of synovial joints and their movements
   15. To describe the location and function of the ligament teres (knee)
   16. To compare the structures between the skeletal and smooth muscles
   17. To define the sarcoplasmic reticulum and the T tubules of the skeletal muscles
   18. To provide examples of three types of lever- which one(s) operate at a mechanical
   19. To describe the location and function of the extensor digitorum and deltoid
   20. To describe the origin and insertion of the sternocleidomastoid
   21. To compare the length of the dendrites and axons between the sensory and motor
   22. To know the location of the visual sensory area, the motor cortex, and the basal
       nuclei (what happens if damaged?),
   23. To understand the location and function of the cervical plexus, brachial plexus,
       and hypoglossal nerves
   24. To review the ANS and afferent pathways (can afferent pathways be found in
       ANS and are there important)

25. T o define mitral valve, tricuspid valve, and chordae tendineae
26. To name the blood vessels that supply the heart and the brain
27. To name the largest circulatory route
28. To name the organs that are supplied by the superior vena cava


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