Life of the People in Antebellum Society by liaoqinmei

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									Life of the People in
Antebellum Society


      Chapter 11
      Mr. Lamm
                   Notes
• The word antebellum refers to the period
  before the Civil War.
• The development of the railroad, the
  invention of the cotton gin, and the building
  of industries were reasons for Georgia’s
  antebellum economic prosperity.
• The two factors most responsible for
  Georgia’s growth were cotton and slavery.
                     Notes
• Sea island cotton can be described as having long
  fibers producing high-quality fiber.
• The cotton gin removed the seeds from the cotton
  fiber.
• Short fiber cotton was grown in the Piedmont and
  Coastal Plains.
• Well drained top soil, 200 days’ growing season,
  and a dry harvest season was needed to grow
  cotton.
                   Notes
• Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.
                  Notes
• Most of the planters’ money was tied up in
  slaves and land.
• Farming was the most common occupation
  in Georgia in 1860.
                   Notes
• Trickster tales were stories slaves told about
  how cleverness can outwit a stronger
  opponent.
• Joel Chandler Harris wrote down the Uncle
  Remus and Brer Rabbit stories.
• The Uncle Remus and Brer Rabbit stories
  were originally slave stories.
• Gullah is a combination of English and
  African languages.
                  Notes
• Most Georgians did not own slaves.
                         Notes
• Education was a low priority for Georgians
  because:
   – Children worked in the fields
   – It was parents’ responsibility to educate not the
     government
   – Not enough children in one place to form school
• Even though Georgia’s first constitution called for
  schools to be set up in each county, they were not
  because the legislature did not provide the money
  needed to set up schools.
                  Notes
• Southern Baptist and Methodist churches
  broke away from their northern counterparts
  over the issue of slavery.
• Most black churches in Georgia were
  Baptist.
                    Notes
• Crawford Long was the first doctor to
  successfully use ether as an anesthetic.
• Some reforms made to improve the
  treatment of criminals:
  – Cruel punishment was abolished
  – Prisoners were provided with clothing,
    blankets, heat, and medical care

								
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