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									(main idea) The Violence Against Women Act of 1994, or VAWA , comprises itself of domestic
violence programs for the victim‟s protection. It was voted the majority under the Omnibus
Crime Bill. There are three separate parts to the bill with the first being the least controversial in
the Supreme Court. According to the Violence against Women article , “VAWA provides $1.6
billion over six years for education, research, treatment of domestic and sex-crime victims, and
the improvement of state criminal justice systems. It also distributed funds to increase safety for
women on public transportation, for shelters, and for youth education programs. In addition, it
provides funds for the training of judges and other court personnel in combating gender bias in
the courts, and also authorizes funding to pay the cost of testing for sexually transmitted diseases
for victims of [sexual abuse] and to increase safety on college campuses.” Bennett states these,
“domestic violence [programs] typically provide some combination of the following services to
victims of domestic violence: (a) crisis hotline, (b) counseling, (c) advocacy, and (d) emergency
shelter” These services are usually free and open at all hours of the day for victims in need. In
the Violence Agaianst Women article, the second part of the proposal also states that the
VAWA, “prohibits interstate [domestic violence], making it a felony to cross state lines with the
intent to injure, harass, or intimidate that person's spouse or intimate partner”. VAWA also
protects the individual‟s right and right to compensation due to threats or harm done to the
victim. The Violence Against Women article explains the Act holds, “perpetrator liable for the
full amount of the victim's losses in the areas of medical services; physical and occupational
therapy; necessary transportation, temporary housing...child-care expenses; lost income;
attorneys' fees, plus any costs incurred in obtaining a civil protection order; and „any other losses
suffered by the victim as a proximate result of the offense‟.” The third and most controversial
section deals how to distribute the „cause of action‟ against the abuser. The Violence against
Women article states that, “A person (including a person who acts under color of any statute,
ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State) who commits a crime of violence motivated
by gender … shall be liable to the party injured, in an action for the recovery of compensatory
and [punitive damages], injunctive and declaratory relief, and such other relief as a court may
deem appropriate." The VAWA proposed a fourth section dealing with civil rights was denied by
the Supreme Court due the inability of the fourteenth amendment in the subsection Equal
Protection Clause. VAWA will continue to battle the domestic violence issue for both women
and children. For more information about the Violence Against Women Act go to the National
Network to End Domestic Violence website at Thank you for listening.


Bennett, L., Riger, S., Schewe, P., Howard, A., Wasco, S. (July 2004). Effectiveness of hotline,
advocacy, counseling, and shelter services for victims of domestic violence a statewide
evaluation. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7, 815-829. doi: 10.1177/0886260504265687
Violence against Women Act of (1994) - Further Readings. (n.d.) Law Library - American Law
and Legal Information. Retrieved from

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