Marygrace Parker_ I - The Canada-United States Transportation

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					  I-95 Corridor Coalition
Partners in Transportation
         Progress
    Transportation Border Working Group
              Toronto, Canada
             November 19, 2008
             Marygrace Parker
Program Coordinator, Freight Mobility, Safety &
                  Security
    I-95 Corridor Coalition

• The Coalition:
   – An alliance of transportation agencies, toll authorities and related
     organizations, working together to accelerate improvements in long-
     distance freight movement and passenger travel.

• The Region:
   –   40,000 National Highway System Miles
   –   22,000 miles of Class I rail mileage
   –   46 major seaports
   –   103 commercial airports

• The Economy:
   – $4.5 trillion economy (40% of US GDP)
   – 5.3 billion tons of freight shipments annually
   – 21% of nation’s road miles (35% of VMT)
    I-95 Corridor Coalition Membership

State & Local DOT's    Transportation Authorities              Related Organizations
Connecticut            Delaware River & Bay Authority          AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
Delaware               Delaware River Jt Toll Bridge Comm.     American Assoc. of MVA
District of Columbia   Delaware River Port Authority           American Bus Association
Florida                Federal Highway Administration          American Public Transp. Assoc.
Georgia                Federal Maritime Administration         American Trucking Assn’s
Maine                  Federal Motor Carrier Safety Admin.     Amtrak
Maryland               Federal Railroad Administration         Association of American Railroads
Massachusetts          Federal Transit Administration          Baltimore Metropolitan Council
                                                               Coalition of NE Governors
New Hampshire          Maine Turnpike Authority
                                                               Delaware Valley Reg’l Planning
New Jersey             Maryland Transportation Authority
                                                               E-ZPass Interagency Group
New York City          Massachusetts Turnpike Authority        High Speed Ground Transp. Assoc.
New York               Metropolitan Transportation Authority   Intermodal Assn of NA
North Carolina         MTA Bridges & Tunnels                   IBTTA
Pennsylvania           New Jersey Transit                      ITS AMERICA
Rhode Island           New Jersey Turnpike Authority           National Capital Region TPB
South Carolina         New York State Thruway Authority        National Industrial Transp. League
Vermont                Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission        National Private Truck Council
Virginia               Port Authority of NY& NJ                New York Metropolitan Transp Council
                       South Jersey Transportation Authority   Niagara Int’l Trans Tech Coalition
                                                               North Jersey Transp. Planning Auth.
                                                               Seaport Advisory Council (MA)
                       Related Organizations                   Towing & Recovery Assn of America
                       Georgia Regional Transp Auth.           TRANSCOM
     Full Members      Governors Highway Safety Assn.
                       Greater Bridgeport (CT) Transit Auth.        Affiliate Members
                       New Brunswick (Canada) DOT
                       New York State Bridge Authority
  Associate Members    Quebec Ministry of Transport
The Coalition’s Program
   Elements of Corridor Programs

• Common issues or concerns
• Commitment to examine issues and share
  information
• Coordination of effort
  – Planning, deployment, standards
• Commitment to achieve consensus
• Cost/benefit assessment/understanding
• Communication
  – Real time information
     Coalition Projects with Border
     Implications
•   Bottleneck Analysis
•   Northeast Rail Study
•   Truck Parking Project
•   Commercial Vehicle Integration Initiative
•   Integrated Corridor Analysis Tool (ICAT)
•   Probe/INRIX project
•   Coordinated Incident Management
        Bottlenecks (Trucks) Study

• Compile list of highway bottlenecks in Corridor
  from available data sources
    –   HPMS scan
    –   DOT Personnel interview and/or review
    –   FHWA draft freight bottlenecks study
    –   American Highway Users Alliance (AHUA) freight
        bottlenecks study
    –   American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) speed
        data
    –   INRIX speed data
    Bottlenecks Study

• Identified:
   – All significant
     truck freight
     bottlenecks
• Noted:
   – Delay estimate
     tool does not
     capture delay at
     toll booths or
     border crossings
    Bottlenecks Study
• Adding speed data captures toll booth and border
  crossing delay
• 2007 annual average speed for northbound trucks:
   – I-87 Border Crossing: < 40 mph
   – I-81 Border Crossing: 40-45 mph




                                        I-87 Border
                                          Crossing

               I-81 Border
                 Crossing
           Northeast Rail Operations Studies
           (NEROps) Phase 1* and 2
• A neutral forum to
  identify and address
  regional rail issues
  and choke points
• Lay groundwork for
  the development of
  a regional rail
  improvement
  program in the
  Northeast (ME, NH,
  VT, MA, CT, RI and
  NY)
•   Phase 1 Completed
     Key Northeast Rail Issues
     Institutional

• Multi-jurisdictional     • Future of Amtrak and
  programming and            the Northeast Corridor
  implementation of rail   • Commuter rail
  projects                   expansion and
• Railcar availability       implementation of high-
                             speed rail in the region
• Balancing security and
                           • Alternative approaches
  efficiency                 for serving East-of-
   – Siding delays           Hudson markets
      Key Northeast Rail Issues
      Infrastructure and Operations
• Few local bottlenecks;
  instead, problems are
  systemic and region wide:
   – System capacity
   – Track clearance,
     structure and
     alignment
   – Yards
   – Railcar availability
   – Bridges, tunnels
     and viaducts
Key Northeast Rail Issues
Chokepoints
        Northeast Region Border Crossings



• Need to balance
  security and
  operational efficiency
• Rail border crossings
  in ME, VT, and NY
  handle >20 percent of
  US-Canada rail freight
  traffic
Case Study: Rouses Point Rail
Border Crossing

          • Inbound freight trains must stop
            on a single track line to be
            screened by US Customs and
            Border Protection using VACIS
          • Lack of sidings, several grade
            crossings contribute to system-
            wide delays at this one
            bottleneck
Major NEROps Region Rail Corridors


                                    Northwoods



                      Connecticut
                         River




                                                    Atlantic
                   Adirondack                       Canada

  Empire                                  Patriot
                                         Corridor




                                            NEC




   Southern Tier



  Crescent
      NEROps Phase II
• Objective
  – Define strategic rail corridors (e.g., Patriot,
    NEC, NE/Crescent, etc.) to position the region
    for authorization
      • Clarify economic development and Canadian
        trade (security) goals
      • Coordinate passenger and freight rail service
        plans
      • Optimize Class I and short line railroads as a
        network
      • Develop business case for streamlining state
        rail regulatory approaches
      • Advance multi-state investment strategies
   I-95 Coalition Truck Parking
   Project
• USDOT/FHWA awarded project to develop and
  implement real-time information system for trucking
  industry across boundaries in Corridor
   – Assess available parking spaces in selected
     public/private facilities
   – Provide real-time transmission of space availability
     to trucker in-vehicle
   – Potential for future reservation-based systems

• Work with agencies and private sector, in particular
  distribution and warehousing industry, to assess
  potential to remediate capacity issues
     Commercial Vehicle Integration
     Initiative Program (CVII)
Build on Vehicle Integration Initiative by bringing
  commercial vehicles into the equation:

• Develop/Test CV VII compliant OBE system including
  Human Vehicle Interface
• Develop/Test VII DSRC
   CV Driver I.D and Verification (TWIC,
      Biometrics)
   Test Wireless Vehicle Safety Inspection Information
  (brake condition, tire pressure, light status, etc.)
  CV to Maintenance Vehicles communication
  Roadside to CV work zone/accident warning
          Concept of VII W/CVII!

                                                   OBE – On Board Equipment
                                                   RSE – Road Side Equipment
                   DSRC @
   OBE             5.9 GHZ
                                             RSE

               OBE

                                               Network Management Center




                                                      OEMs, Private Companies,
                                                      Subscription Services, etc.
Green = NYS
Red = Others/TBD
                                                          Private Sector

                             Public Sector
           VII Can Enable a Wide Range of
           Applications!
• Safety & Security Examples              • Mobility Examples
   –   Lane/Road Departure                   – Traffic Probe Data
   –   Road Condition Warning                – Travel Time
   –   Cargo/Container Tracking              – Tolling
   –   Vehicle Safety Data/Wireless          – Incident/Accident Info.
       Inspection                            – Electronic Payment
   –   CV Driver ID/Verification             – Navigation/Directions
   –   CV Routing/Geo Fencing
   –   In-vehicle/signing
   –   Intersection collision avoidance
   –   Parking availability
   –   Overturn warning/control
     CVII Program Requirements
• Complete interoperability!
• Communicate with any VII compliant vehicle or
  infrastructure
• Non-proprietary system design capable of duplication!
• USDOT’s National VII Initiative utilizing DSRC 802.11p
• Integrate VII communications device w/SAE J1708
  commercial vehicle data bus
• Compliant/utilizing the standard message sets SAE
  J1587, SAE J1939 and SAE 2735
   Corridor Analysis – Need:
   Many maps, but no Corridor-scale
   transportation planning networks

Complete map coverage   Incomplete network coverage
Integrated Corridor
Analysis Tool (ICAT)
• Analysis and planning tool to support multi-state
  transportation planning, investment, and
  operations planning by linking, across region:
  – GIS-based transportation network data
  – linear referencing system data
  – basic roadway data

• Providing a source for multi-state transportation
  planning
  – Fill gap between metropolitan and state network
    models and Nat’l Highway Planning Network
ICAT Applications

• Evacuation/emergency planning
• Corridor bottleneck analysis

• Freight planning

• Historic travel time information (by
  TOD) for traveler information/511
  systems
     Vehicle Probe Project –
     Applications
•   Regional Incident Management
•   Travel Information Websites
•   Travel Times on VMS
•   Agency 511 systems
•   Corridor Performance Measures
   Vehicle Probe Project

• Content
  – Real-time Speed, Travel Time, Confidence level
  – Average Speed, Free Flow Speed
  – Travel Time Updates Every Two Minutes
• Monitoring Site
  – Agency Access Only
  – View data in real-time
   Vehicle Probe Project

• 1500 Freeway miles
• 1000 Arterial miles
• New Jersey to
North Carolina for
initial deployment
   Coalition/Border Program
   Opportunities
• Bottleneck analysis, ICAT, Probe
  – Can be used to detect, project future demand,
    analyze, provide real time information exchange
    on border crossing transit
• Commercial Vehicle Programs
  – CVII can be utilized as platform for integration of
    border activities including security applications
• Rail, Highway Bottleneck studies
  – Identify projects for resolution of regionally
    significant physical (and operational/institutional)
    chokepoints
  – Define and aggregate major transportation
    investment needs and benefits
   Coalition/Border Program
   Opportunities
• Coordinated Operations/Incident Management
   – Deployment of ITS technologies to support Operations
     system
       • Sharing of information, real-time travel conditions
       • Major incident/special event planning
       • Quick Clearance Programs
• Multi-Agency Institutional Analysis
   – Examine institutional models for multi-agency/state
     investment
• Financing Improvements
   – Examine finance models for mega-projects
   Reauthorization
• Facilitate multi-state partnerships / coalitions to
  improve transportation system performance and
  reliability
   – Reduce user / environmental costs of long
      distance travel by supporting activities, systems
      and projects that achieve national goals:
       • Clearing incidents quickly
       • Informing public about significant
         incidents/events
       • Conducting orderly evacuations during
         emergencies
       • Implementing interoperable technology, safety
         & scurrility systems
       • Improving operations of pass/freight systems
         and intermodal connectors
   Reauthorization (cont’d)

• Fund large-scale improvements along
  nationally significant corridors where
  cost/benefits accrue beyond state boundaries
   – Funding is critical to efficient interstate commerce
     and international trade
   – An appropriate role for federal government
• Avoid the “cost of failure”

				
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