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									UNODC (Narcotics)
Human Trafficking

Hello delegates, and welcome to the annual Edison High School MUN conference! My name is
Allison McCoy and I will be your co-chair for the conference. I am a senior in the MUN
program and have been in the program since freshman year. I am looking forward to the creative
and innovative solutions that you, delegates, will bring to committee. With the combined efforts
of all nations, diplomatic solutions to this topic will be found.

        It was estimated by the Trafficking in Persons Report that 800,000 people are trafficked
across the international borders of 161 nations each year. This same report estimated that 80%
of this number are women and children. Generally, traffickers target those who are weak and
vulnerable, which would include the young, old, weak or disabled. They are taken advantage of
because they do not have the ability to defend themselves. People that are trafficked can be
forced into several different occupations, including sex slaves and child soldiers. They do not
have a choice and are taken from their homes, stripped of all human rights. Though smuggling
and trafficking are very similar, it is importance that the committee recognizes the difference
between the two. When a person is smuggled across a border, it is generally with the consent of
that person and they are released after their arrival. Conversely, those who are trafficked go
unwillingly and are forced into slavery or other forms of exploitation. In many cases they are
lured into these situations and are offered incentives or benefits for them and their families.
Because of their financial situations, they often accept. After these people are trafficked, they do
not know who to go to for help and are afraid of revealing any information, scared that they may
harm members of their family.
        The trafficking of humans is divided into three basic levels, or “tiers” worldwide.
Countries that are placed in Tier 1 are in full compliance with the Trafficking Victims Protection
Act of 2000 and do not take place in trafficking. Nations such as Canada and Australia are
included in this tier. Tier 2 nations (the majority of the world, including Mexico, South Africa,
India and several others) have made some measurable efforts to comply with the minimum
standards of the TVPA, but there are still noticeable levels of trafficking within the borders.
Finally is Tier 3, and countries in this tier have shown no efforts to comply with the standards of
the TVPA. Nations in this Tier include Cuba, Iran and Sudan. Major human rights violations
occur in these nations, and the governments seem to show no efforts to stop the growing global
crisis. One of the biggest concerns related to human trafficking is the many problems that cause
it. Causes range from economic instability, to corrupt governments and in some cases religious
imbalances. Another issue that affects human trafficking is the fact that many of the
governments involved are corrupt and do not enforce any sort of punishments upon the
traffickers. Because of this, the trade continues to grow and humans continue to be sold at
higher and higher prices. There is often a fear that if they reveal who was responsible for the
trafficking, members of their family will be in danger so they keep information a secret.

UN Involvement
       As the issue of human trafficking continues to rise, so do the efforts of the United
Nations to assist all afflicted victims. They have created several organizations, including
Amnesty International, Anti-Slavery International and Human Rights Watch. All of these
organizations run major projects within the UN, as well as provide assistance for many smaller
projects that are run out of a smaller and more local area. For example, the Somaly Mam
Foundation was created in 2007 at the United Nations. This organization, with the help of
UNICEF, works to provide victims of human trafficking with power and confidence, as well as
giving them encouragement to become activists of change. Another smaller organization is the
Polaris Project. Founded in 2002, this program runs a hotline to identify and trace any instances
of human trafficking, as well as identify current victims. Finally, the National Human
Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) also runs a hotline that operates 24 hours a day, every
day of the year. All of these organizations are essential for the rehabilitation and reintegration of
the afflicted victims.
         In addition to these committees, the United Nations has also been very active in creating
treaties and documents relating to the topic. One of these is the Convention against
Transnational Organized Crime, also known as the Palermo Convention. This protocol stresses
the importance of preventing trafficking in the first place, as well as punishing traffickers who
are caught. The convention is ratified by 110 states and is an international law under the
UNODC. The UNODC itself continues to put out its full effort to find feasible solutions to this
problem. Their three main goals are: prevention of human trafficking, protection of victims of
human trafficking, and finally persecution of offenders. In 2008, the UNODC released its
second addition of The Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons. The Toolkit offers practical
solutions and help for governments to combat human trafficking more efficiently. In addition,
the Toolkit is very useful in spreading awareness about human trafficking, as many people do not
know the danger associated with the issue. In addition to this, the UN has drafted several
resolutions concerning the issue of human trafficking. One of these resolutions is
A/RES/62/160. This resolution recognizes the fact that human trafficking is a major violation of
human rights and that all humans must under all circumstances maintain their human dignity.

Suggested Solutions
        As you continue to research this topic and become aware of your country’s policy on
human trafficking, make sure that you consider all the aspects of the issue. Do not focus only on
the humanitarian aspects of the topic, but also the economic and political aspects as well. Try to
come up with creative solutions that will alleviate some of the pressure placed on governments
without high financial costs. Think of ways to provide victims of trafficking with proper
humanitarian aid that is accessible and able to be easily transported. Develop a plan to stop those
who are violating human rights and possible punishments for those who are caught performing
these violations. Consider possible reintegration plans for those who have been trafficked. One
of the most important things to remember when coming up with these solutions is to stay on
policy and make sure that all ideas presented agree with your country’s ideas and past actions.

Questions to Consider
When doing your research, be sure to keep some of the following questions in mind:
1. What specific action has your country taken towards the issue? Has your country signed any
treaties or become a part of any organizations?
2. Does your country have any known human trafficking?
3. Does your country have any plans for the future or any goals set to solve this issue?
4. What is your country’s overall position on the topic?
5. What are some possible solutions that could assist your own nation as well as other nations in
your country’s bloc?


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