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									                                                                                                 UNHCR PAKISTAN
                                                                                                  Flood Update No. 20
                                                                                                  19 – 31 October 2010

                                                                                               Contact Tel: +9251-2829503-6 Or +92300-8568393
  Flooding in Pakistan                                                                         E-mail Address:

Floodwaters have persisted in Sehwan District of north Sindh Province and may take up to another month to let up (Photo: UNHCR/H. Mehboob)

Situation Overview                                                              Needs Assessment and Response
In all, at least 7 million people are currently without                         More than 1.7 million dwelling homes were
shelter, three months after monsoon floods hit                                  destroyed across the country during flooding.
Pakistan. Secondary displacement continues in Sindh                             Coupled with the fact that people are increasingly
Province with many flood-affected families unable to                            returning to destroyed homes, demand for
re-occupy their homes due to persistent                                         transitional shelters continues to be high. This is
floodwaters. Those returning are often in the open,                             given that recovery and rehabilitation assistance
without shelter. Others who received tents during                               activities are still lugging. At the same time, presence
displacement are returning with the items which                                 of aid actors in some acutely affected areas,
they re-pitch for temporary cover. Many families say                            especially in Sindh Province, remains inadequate and
the upcoming cold season is forcing them to return.                             thin. Overall, mainly items for winterisation are
In other provinces such as Khyber Pakthunkhwa and                               urgently required to protect people from the harsh
Balochistan, floodwaters have cleared in most areas                             winter season. On its part, UNHCR has initiated a
but families struggle to rebuild their lives.                                   transitional shelter programme to meet the
                                                                                transitional needs of the displaced and returning

Sindh Province
Sindh Population Size: 41.3 million
7,356,550 flood-affected people
8,000 affected villages
1,114,629 homes destroyed or damaged
4,200 camps established by Government since July 2010
3,158 camps house 1,422,214 flood-affected persons

Protection Issues & Challenges
The provincial authorities are asking flood displaced camped in public buildings people to return to their areas of
origin. The authorities say they want to engage in early recovery and rehabilitation activities. But affected families
say they plan to return once the floodwaters have receded significantly. UNHCR has advised the authorities that
returns should be voluntary in respect of the right to make informed choices.

Psychosocial counselling remains one of the most pressing needs among the flood-affected children and adults
suffering from trauma. UNHCR and its partner SHARP have planned to establish welfare centres that will assist
affected persons. However, diseases, such as acute diarrhoea, malaria and malnutrition continue to be a concern
in Sindh due to persistent stagnant waters. One of the biggest challenges in the province is the limited presence of
service providers to address the arising disease and malnutrition occurrences.

Shelter & NFI Distribution
The number of families returning from Balochistan to Sindh is rapidly increasing. Hundreds of families are camping
by the roadsides because their return areas remain inaccessible. The need for emergency shelter remains evident
in many parts because floodwaters are receding, albeit very slowly. In Northern Sindh, focus is on the four
districts of Sukkur, Jacobabad, Qambar Shedadkot and Larkana. As well as distribute tents and plastic sheets,
UNHCR has set up 12 and 20 camps in the north and south of the province, respectively.

Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
In Northern Sindh, an estimated 30,000 families are still accommodated in public buildings. At the same time, new
camps for relocated families from public buildings are still being set up.

In order to improve camp management skills, UNHCR has organized training which started in Sukkur. More than
30 participants attended from local, international NGO’s and IOM. Similar training was organized for Hyderabad
from 26 - 28 October. Quetta and Islamabad will be next.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, (includes FATA, Gilgit-Baltistan & Pakistan Admin-Kashmir)
 KPK Pop. size: 23.3 million            GB Pop. size: 4.0 million          FATA Pop. size: 4.1 million
 3,800,000 affected people              100,000 affected people            4,614 homes destroyed / damaged
 2,834 villages affected                347 affected villages              No data on affected villages & peoples
 200,799 homes destroyed /damaged       2,830 homes destroyed /damaged

Protection Issues & Challenges
UNHCR is monitoring the WATAN Card Project for the flood-affected populations in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. At
present, there are 25 distribution centres located in various flood-affected Union Councils (UCs). UNHCR has
dedicated four of its staff to the councils to monitor and advise on the distribution of the cash cards.

Shelter & NFI Distribution
As of 28 October, shelter and non-food items (NFIs) emergency interventions in KPK have benefited a total 97,623
families - approximately 683,361 individuals with NFIs and 55,719 families with tents. In addition, 20,171 plastic
sheets have been distributed to families who did not receive during earlier distributions. Partners are expected to
complete construction of 11,700 temporary shelters in KPK by the end of the year. Partners have also been
identified to construct another 4,800 transitional shelters, bringing to 16,500 total shelters to be erected.

Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
At least 5,422 families or 37,000 individuals are residing in 35 spontaneous camps along the main roads in
Nowshera and Charsadda districts. CCCM cluster is working closely with other clusters to assist the needy families.

Flood-affected Afghan Refugees
As a result of the loss the Afghan refugees sustained during flooding, some of them are renting land from
Pakistani landlords. The majority of them are, however, unable to pay rent for their new present dwelling homes.
UNHCR has documented and submitted the list of all flood-affected refugees to WFP for food rations. The UN
food agency has already reached 70 percent of the population with food assistance. Some 6,931 affected Afghan
families live in Azakhel, Kheskhi, Khazana, Hazizai, Utmanzai and Turkaman.

The future of the Azakheil refugee village destroyed by the floods remains under discussion with the provincial
authorities. The authorities have proposed relocating the 23,000 flood displaced Afghan refugees from Azakheil to
a new sit at Shamshatoo. UNHCR and refugee representatives are part of the task force in discussion with the
Federal Ministry of SAFRON to reach consensus on the future of Azakhel.

To date, 19 SCAC (Secure Cards for Afghan Citizens) centres in KPK have facilitated 208,239 Afghans to change
their Proof of Registration (PoR) to SCAC cards. So far, 55,594 cards have been distributed and a total 18,878 birth
certificates have been issued. The cards are a protection mechanism for refugees, asylum-seekers and other
persons of concern to UNHCR among the unregistered Afghans living in Pakistan.

Balochistan Province

 Population size:8.8 million
 700,000 affected people
 2,604 affected villages
 75,261 homes destroyed or damaged
 391,662 Afghan refugees live in Balochistan

Protection Issues & Challenges
The Protection Cluster is launching a Rapid Protection Assessment in six districts of Balochistan Province. The
assessment will cover the most critically affected areas and will collect strategic data on the most vulnerable
groups, such as women, persons with disabilities and older persons. A core of seven UNHCR personnel and 25
enumerators with technical assistance from McRam are currently in the field launching the assessment.
Meanwhile, during a three-day mission to Jaffarabad and Naseerabad, UNHCR and BRSP have verified persons
with special needs. They had previously been identified by BRSP.

UNHCR, together with UNICEF, are enhancing the role of the Protection Cluster, through organised workshops
that discuss protection principals and the code of conduct. The aim is to achieve a better coordinated cluster
approach and improve the understanding of the concepts of child protection. UNHCR has held discussions with
the Catholic Relief Services (CRS) to conduct protection monitoring in Jaffarabad and Naseerabad districts. Other
than the Taraqee Foundation, CRS will also be covering Jhal Magsi areas.

Shelter & NFI Distribution
The District Authorities and the ESC Cluster endorsed the construction material kit for Emergency Shelters in the
province. The shelter component will be part of an integrated package, including Food-for-Work, sanitation
facilities and eventually, the distribution of seeds, where possible. Cluster members have mapped out their
intervention activities, including the districts of Naseerabad, Jaffarabad, Jhal Magsi and Sibi. Around 48,000 units
are due for construction. UNHCR will fund the bulk of the units, around 22,000. UNHCR will also be working with
WESS (to erect 3,500 shelter units), BRSP (to erect 15,000 units), Save the Children (to erect 1,000 units) and UN-
HABITAT (to erect 2,000 units). Clusters have further submitted their winterisation plan.

Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
As of 17 October, the displaced population stands at 8,102 families (61,671 individuals), who are living in camps,
public buildings and spontaneous sites. The majority of them are children at 32,493 while 13,833 are adult males
and the rest 15,345 are females. Statistics were obtained from 120 surveyed IDP locations in Sibi, Quetta, Jhal
Magsi, Kholu, Kalat, Jaffarabad and Naseerabad.

UNHCR and its partner BRSP have established camp management structures in most of the formal camps as well
as in some spontaneous sites. Organisations providing services in the various sectors have, however, limited
presence or are absent altogether. The situation makes addressing the gaps continuously problematic. UNHCR is
following up to ensure ways of scaling up services to cover the affected areas in the two districts.

Punjab Province

Population size: 94.7 million
6 million affected people
3,132 affected villages
497,700 homes destroyed or damaged

Protection Issues & Challenges
UNHCR has discussed with the PDMA the exclusion of populations from receiving WATAN cards in some of the
flood-affected areas. Officials have agreed to address this anomaly while they will also facilitate WATAN cards for
widow households. Overall, PDMA says PKR6, 004,814,064 cash has been disbursed in the province.

Shelter & NFI Distribution
UNHCR has planned the provision of 1,500 transitional shelters in Punjab for 2011. Assistance will target
extremely vulnerable households in the five worst affected districts. The cluster has started to identify partner
NGOs to implement the project.

Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
UNHCR has organized training for local and international humanitarian agencies on camp management and camp
coordination in the province. The aim is to increase management skills to respond to arising challenges better.

Funding Situation
As of October 29, funding received was up to 63 per cent from 60 per cent in September. UNHCR revised its appeal budget to
US$120 million. The total funding requirement for 2010/11 is US$187 million.

If you wish to make a donation for the flood victims in Pakistan, you can either visit:
Or use the following bank details:

UNHCR Special a/c
Account number:                 08-7316410-02
Swift Code:                     SCBLPKKX
Bank Name:                      STANDARD CHARTERED BANK (PAK) LTD
Branch Address:                 F-7 MARKAZ BRANCH, PLOT # 19-A, F-7 MARKAZ, Islamabad (Pakistan)

Global Distribution of NFIs and Shelter assistance per province
                                   KPK              Balochistan     Sindh           Punjab
  Items              Fam/Ind.         Families/       Families/       Families/      Families/          Total       Total         Distri-      Yet to be
                                     individual       individual      individual     individual       Families/     items         buted        distri-
                                      covered          covered         covered        covered        individual     released                   buted
                                                                                                      covered       from
  Tents              Fam.            55,719           22,298          10,041           2,500          90,558            103319       90,558       12761
                     Ind.            390,033         156,086          70,287          17,500         633,906
  Plastic Sheet      Fam.            58,982           16,642          16,275           2,000          93,899           257741      187,797        69944
                     Indi.           412,874         116,491         113,925          14,000         657,290
  Total Coverage     Fam.            114,701          38,940         26,316            4,500         184,457
  for Shelter        Indi.           802,907         272,577         184,212          31,500       1,291,196

  Blanket            Fam.            97,623            8,110           8,550           2,000         116,283           786253      697,698        88555
                       Indi.           683,361         56,770           59,850          14,000          813,981
  Quilts               Fam.            171,234                           8,550            4,000         183,784          405308    367,568        37740
                       Indi.         1,198,638             -            59,850          28,000        1,286,488
  Kitchen Sets         Fam.            97,523          26,172            8,550            2,000         134,245          171160    134,245        36915
                       Indi.           682,661        183,204           59,850          14,000          939,715
  Mosquito Nets        Fam.            65,565          19,766            8,550            2,000          95,881          263014    191,762        71252
                       Indi.           458,955        138,362           59,850          14,000          671,167
  Jerry Cans           Fam.            100,827         13,818            8,550            2,000         125,195          277649       250389      27260
                       Indi.           705,789         96,723           59,850          14,000          876,362
  Sleeping Mats        Fam.            96,486          12,341           17,550            1,250         127,627          564742       510507      54235
                       Indi.           675,402         86,385          122,850            8,750         893,387
  Plastic Buckets      Fam.            75,457          17,978            8,250            2,000         103,685          261105       207369      53736
                       Indi.           528,199        125,843           57,750          14,000          725,792
  Soap                 Fam.            97,623           1,200            8,550            2,000         109,373          180645     164059.5      16586
                       Indi.           683,361          8,400           59,850          14,000          765,611
 At least 1.3 million flood victims have been assisted with shelter and NFIs in the affected areas as of 25 October 2010


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