Obligations for Oceanography by Functional Area by StLouisFed

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									1965



       422                   THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1965

       expanded in 1965 to provide more funds for study of basic atmospheric
       problems and to provide facilities not elsewhere available for use by
       the scientific community.
                                               OCEANOGRAPHY

          The National Oceanographic Program of the Federal Government
       for 1965 will total $138.1 million. This program is reviewed and co-
       ordinated on a Government-wide basis by the Interagency Committee
       on Oceanography of the Federal Council for Science and Technology.
       This committee appraises various agency programs to direct effort
       toward long-range goals, avoid overlapping work, and support new
       and priority projects.
       Table H-12. OBLIGATIONS OF FEDERAL AGENCIES FOR OCEANOGRAPHY
                                 (In millions of dollars)

                                      Agency                                   1963       1964          1965
                                                                              actual    estimate      estimate

       Departments of:
         Commerce                                                               23.7          23.7       20.5
         Defense           _                                                    55.5          54.6       66.6
         Health, Education, and Welfare                                          4.1           2.9        3.3
         Interior            •____                                              16.1          16.5       19.7
         Treasury      r__                                                        .5           1.2        1.8
       Atomic Energy Commission                                                  3.5           4.2        4.7
       National Science Foundation                                              19.7          20.2       20.6
       Smithsonian Institution                                                    .6            .6         .9
             Total                                                             123.7      123.9         138.1


          The 1965 effort in oceanography is $14 million larger than the 1964
       program with continued growth in research partially offset by a
       reduced level of ship construction. Research in the ocean environ-
       ment is particularly important to provide the United States a scientific
       and technological base for future exploitation of the oceans for fish
       protein and minerals and to provide needed environmental information
       for weather prediction, assessment of ocean pollution, and antisub-
       marine warfare.
       Table H-13. OBLIGATIONS FOR OCEANOGRAPHY BY FUNCTIONAL AREA
                                 (In millions of dollars)

                                                                       1963            1964            1965
                                                                                                     e»t ate

       Ship construction __                                              37.3            27.4            21.4
       Surveys and data collection in support of research and agency
         missions                                                        18.7            22.9            26.1
       Research, instrumentation, and facilities (Navy)                  26.7            31.9            41.2
       Research, instrumentation, and facilities (Civil)                 41.0            41.7            49.4
              Total- -                                                  123.7           123.9           138.1
1966



                                          SPECIAL   ANALYSES                                457

       achieve these goals the properties of the ocean must first be under-
       stood, and thus the largest effort and the major program increase is
       directed to ocean research. The research program is directed to
       describing and understanding the physical and chemical properties
       of the "world ocean/' the effect of the interrelationship of the ocean
       and the atmosphere, the distribution of marine organisms, the structure
       of the ocean floor and its history, and the modifications of the ocean
       by human activities. The survey program provides basic data
       necessary for research, exploration, and use of the oceans.
       Table H - l l . OBLIGATIONS FOR OCEANOGRAPHY BY FUNCTIONAL AREA
                                     (in millions of dollars)

                            Functional area                         1964       1965       1966


       Research                                                        62.0       72.5       85.0
       Surveys. _           __   .   _                                 24.1       27.1       30.6

             Subtotal, operating programs. _                           86.1       99.0       115.6

       Ship construction. _      _ ____                                25.5       20.7        13.4
       Facilities construction                      __       __ _       5.1        6.0         4.4
       Instrument and equipment procurement              _              6.4        8.8         8.2

             Subtotal, capital program         __                      37.0       35.5       26.0

             Total                                                    123.1      135.1       141.6



          As shown in table H-l 1 above the funds devoted to oceanographic
       research and survey programs will continue to increase significantly
       in 1965 and 1966. However, with the construction and conversion
       of 42 ships completed or authorized from 1960 through 1965, expendi-
       tures for capital programs will decline in 1966. This largely accounts
       for the decrease in obligations of the Departments of Commerce and
       Interior shown in table H-12 below.
       TableH-12. OBLIGATIONS OF FEDERAL AGENCIES FOR OCEANOGRAPHY
                                 (in millions of dollars)

                                                                     1964       1965       1966
                                 Agency                             actual    estimate   estimate

       Departments of:
         Commerce                                                      23.3       19.9        13.3
         Defense                                                       54.6       65.1        68.0
         Health, Education, and Welfare                                 2.9        3.5         4.4
         Interior                                                      16.5       20.0        16.9
         State                                                           .6         .6          .6
         Treasury                                                       1.2        1.8         2.1
       Atomic Energy Commission                                         3.8        4.0         4.6
       National Science Foundation                                     19.6       19.3        30.0
       Smithsonian Institution                                           .6         .9         f.7

             Total                                                    123.1      135.1       141.6



         The programs of the several agencies which comprise the national
       oceanographic program have been developed to meet their mission

								
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