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survivors by hedongchenchen

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									Survivors, liberation and
     rebuilding lives
 Holocaust memorial day 2005
      Images are from Beth Shalom, the Holocaust Centre
‘There are 350,000 survivors of the
Holocaust alive today...

There are 350,000 experts who just want to
be useful with the remainder of their lives.
Please listen to the words and the echoes and
the ghosts. And please teach this in your
schools’.

Steven Spielberg, Academy Award acceptance speech
The 60th anniversary of the liberation of the
extermination and concentration camps in
Germany presents a great opportunity to show
respect for the survivors of Nazi persecution
and mass murder, and to listen to what they can
tell us about the best and the worst of human
behaviour.
The Holocaust is usually taught as the mass
genocide of almost six million Jews in Europe
during World War II. But, more than five million
others were also persecuted, tortured, tattooed
and killed.
Of the 11 million people killed during the
  Holocaust six million were Polish
  citizens. Of these
• three million were Polish Jews
• three million were Polish Christians and
  Catholics.
Most of the remaining victims were from
  other countries including Hungary,
  Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, Russia, Holland,
  France and even Germany.
These five million included innocent citizens -
men women and children.

The survivors and the families of these five
million often feel overshadowed by the Jewish
casualties. Nonetheless, these people need to be
recognized and memorialized. Many of these
died for their race or their beliefs.
Many died helping their Jewish neighbours.


  They too deserve their place in history.
The Nazis decided that it was a waste of
time and money to support the handicapped.


       During Hitler's "cleansing program",
        thousands of people with various
      disabilities were deemed useless and
      simply put to death like dogs and cats
"...to remain silent and indifferent is the
            greatest sin of all...“


             Elie Wiesel shown aged 15
Rev. Martin Niemöller said:



‘First they came for the
communists, and I did
not speak out
because I was not a communist.

Then they came for the socialists,
and I did not speak out
because I was not a socialist.
Then they came for the
trade union leaders,
and I did not speak out
because I was not a trade union leader.
Then they came for the Jews,
and I did not speak out
because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for me,
and there was no one
left to speak out for me.’
The Roma Gypsies were chosen for total
annihilation because of their race.


 They were persecuted and denied privileges in
  many European countries.

  The Nazis believed that both the Jews and
  Gypsies were racially inferior and therefore
  worthless.

  Like the Jews, the Gypsies were moved into
  special areas set up by the Nazis.
Half a million Gypsies, almost the entire Eastern
European Gypsy population, was wiped out during
the Holocaust
What is a survivor?



• one who lives through affliction;
• one who outlives another;
• one that survives in spite of adversity;
• a person who has been severely abused;
Elie Wiesel,
Holocaust survivor, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize:


      ‘Ask any survivor and he will tell you, he
        who has not lived the event will never
        know it.

      And he who went through it will not reveal
       it, not really, not entirely. Between his
       memory and his reflection there is a wall
       and it cannot be pierced.
..only the survivor can bear witness,
   transmit a spark of the flame,
     tell a fragment of the tale,
      a reflection of the truth.’
The stories of survivors touch us.


They tell us the worst and
most depraved depths that
humanity can sink to.

They also show us the
compassion
and strength
that human beings
can demonstrate
in times of
extreme evil.
‘I think a lot of survivors feel very guilty about
   surviving. For the longest time I kept asking
   myself, "Why am I alive? Why is my father
   dead? Why did 6,000,000 die and I am alive?"
   And when I got older, I began to realize that
   maybe God chose me because whatever little
   I have to contribute to telling of this, I am
   able to do that now.’
                              a survivor
Tamara Deuel, Holocaust survivor, said


‘Ihave been able to transfer the horror of the
   Holocaust in my art.
Every individual who survived
that other world,
has a duty to leave
documentation behind so
that future generations
will remember
and will not forget.’
• Did the people of the world learn from the evil
  of the past?

• Did we forget?

• Did we turn our backs and let it happen again?

• Could it happen again?

• Could it happen here?

								
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