The Seven Wonders of the
The Great Pyramid of Giza
2500 BC Approximate - Egyptians
• It would have taken over 2,300,000 blocks of
stone with an average weight of 2.5 tons each.
The total weight would have been 6,000,000
tons and a height of 482 feet (140m).
• It is the largest and the oldest of the Pyramids
of Giza. It supposedly took 100,000 people
working over a twenty year period to construct.
Though originally thought to be a tomb –
• No sarcophagi have ever been found - nor an
inscriptions other than those added in recent
centuries - not by the pyramid builders.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
600 BC - Babylonians – Destroyed by Earthquake
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (also known as the
Hanging Gardens of Semiramis) and the walls of Babylon
(present-day Iraq) were considered one of the Seven
Wonders of the World. They were both supposedly built by
Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC . According to accounts,
the gardens were built to cheer up Nebuchadnezzar's
homesick wife, Amyitis.
She was married to Nebuchadnezzar to create an alliance
between the nations. The land she came from, though,
was green, rugged and mountainous, and she found the
flat, sun-baked terrain of the Mesopotamia (a region of
southwest Asia) depressing. The king decided to recreate
her homeland by building an artificial mountain with
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
550 BC - Anatolians – Destroyed by in Fire 356 BC
• The Temple of Artemis (Greek: Artemision;
Latin: Artemisium), also known as the Temple of
Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to Artemis
completed around 550 BC at Ephesus (in
present-day Turkey) under the Achaemenid
dynasty of the Persian Empire. Nothing remains
of the original temple, which was considered one
of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
435 BC - Greeks
• It was carved by the famed Classical sculptor
Phidias (5th century BC) circa 435 BC in
Olympia, Greece. The seated statue occupied
the whole width of the aisle of the temple that
was built to house it. Zeus was carved from
ivory then covered with gold plating and was
seated on a magnificent throne of cedarwood,
inlaid with ivory, gold, ebony, and precious
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
315 BC - Hellenized Carians - Destroyed by Earthquake
• The Mausoleum of Maussollos, or Mausoleum of
Halicarnassus was a tomb built between 353-
350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum,
Turkey), for Mausolus a provincial king in the
Persian Empire, and Artemisia, his wife and
sister. The structure was approximately 45-
metres (135 feet) in height, and each of the four
sides was adorned by a frieze created by one of
four famous Greek sculptors.
Colossus of Rhodes
292-280 BC - Hellenistic
Civilization – Destroyed in
224 BC by Earthquake
Pharos Lighthouse at Alexandria
3rd Century BC - Hellenistic Civilization – Destroyed by Earthquake
• The Pharos of Alexandria was a lighthouse
built in the 3rd century BC on the island of
Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt to serve as that
port's landmark, and later, a lighthouse. At its
apex was positioned a mirror which reflected
sunlight during the day; a fire was lit at night.
Extant Roman coins struck by the Alexandrian
mint show that a statue of a triton was
positioned on each of the building's four corners.
A statue of Poseidon stood atop the tower
during the Roman period.
Modern Seven Wonders (Nat. Geo)
Christ, the Redeemer
Rio de Janeiro
The Great Wall of China
CNN Destinations: The Seven Wonders.2 October 2007.
National Geographic: The Seven Modern Wonders. 2 October