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					Terrorist/Bomb Making Material
          on the Internet
       Should it be Available?
     Members: Censorship Group
•   Kevin Wyler
•   January Tavel
•   Christina Huynh
•   Andrea Swift
Censorship Issues in Historic and
        Modern Times
         Censorship and the
         First Amendment
• Censorship violates the concepts of freedom
  of expression
• Printer John Zenger, publisher of the New
  York Weekly journal
  -most famous case
  -trial created an American cultural
  sentiment, which opposed this kind of
  government censorship
                     Early Years vs Now
       Early Years                                        Now
• 1790, the First Amendment                    • television, radio, internet
  of the Constitution is                         exist
  formed                                       • Sometimes, censorship is
  -was written vaguely                           influenced by the kind of
  -Supreme Court has                             medium the message is
                                                 transmitted (Pember 120)
  interpreted it „s meaning
  on a case-by-case basis                      • Issues with Internet are:
                                                 sexually explicit,
  -What is the right?                            pornographic and obscene
     1) “to say or publish what they wish”       or violent content, hate
    2) “it is the protection of the public‟s     speech, and terrorist
  right to know, or society‟s right to be        speech, etc…
  informed” (Pember 42)
  -there are limitations
 Legislation and Terrorist Speech
              Issues
   “The Internet and other interactive computer
   services offer a forum for a true diversity of
   political discourse, unique opportunities for
   cultural development, and myriad avenues for
   intellectual activity”
  (Title II of the Communications Act of 1934)
*the writers of this piece of legislation probably had
   no idea that obtaining knowledge of how to make
   a bomb would be a part of that intellectual acitvity
            Introduction
We will explore the terrorist speech on the
Internet, related legislation and government
activity, and the arguments for and against
censorship of terrorist speech online.
For the purposes of our discussion of
censorship, it will be important to consider
terrorism in the information and
communication context only.
                   EPIC
• The Electronic Privacy Information Centre
  opposes the Communications Decency Act,
  which was adopted by the Senate
  Commerce Committee on March 24, 1995.
• Does limiting the information that one ca
  attain on the internet invade their privacy?
• They believe that it is unconstitutional
  restriction on free expression, personal
  privacy, and intellectual freedom.
Oklahoma City Bombing
                  2 Amendments
• The Violent and Repeat         • Criminal Prohibition on
  Juvenile Offender                Distributing of certain
  Accountability and               Information relating to
  Rehabilitation Act of 1999       Explosives, Destructive
  -Passed by the Senate on         Devices,and Weapons of
  May 20, 1999                     Mass Destruction
  -Requires Internet Service
  Providers “to provide            -makes it a crime to teach
  residential customers with       or demonstrate the making
  computer software or other       of an explosive device on
  filtering or blocking system     the Internet
  that allows the customer to
  prevent access of minors to
  material on the Internet
The Violent and Repeat Juvenile
 Offender Accountability and
  Rehabilitation Act of 1999
• Passed by the Senate on May 20, 1999
• Requires Internet Service Providers “to
  provide residential customers with
  computer software or other filtering or
  blocking system that allows the customer to
  prevent access of minors to material on the
  Internet
     Pro-censorship Argument
• FBI‟s definition of terrorism= “the unlawful
  use of force or violence against persons or
  property to intimidate or coerce a
  government, the civilian population, or any
  segment thereof,in furtherance of political
  or social objectives.” (whether offline or
  online)
Why is information about Bombs
           available?
Senator Dianne Feinstein‟s View
• Believes 1st Amendment protections should not be
  extending to the kind of information that is easily
  available on the Internet and teaches people how
  to build bombs that kill
• According to her the government should have the
  right to prevent people from endangering public
  safety, and to protect national security by
  restricting access to such information
                      2 Supreme Court
                         Decisions
• 1996, Paladian          • 1993, World Trade Center
                            bombing
  Enterprises, INC
                            -testimony before
  -was cited in the         Congress in Feb. 2000,
  wrongful death suit for   FBI Director Louis Freech
                            said “convicted terrorist
  publishing “Hit Man:      Ramzi Yousef- traded
  A Technical Manual        detailed plans to destroy
  for Independent           United States‟ airliners
  Contractors”              with other terrorist over
                              the Internet
The Violent and Repeat Juvenile
 Offender Accountability and
  Rehabilitation Act of 1999
• Passed by the Senate on May 20, 1999
• Requires Internet Service Providers “to
  provide residential customers with
  computer software or other filtering or
  blocking system that allows the customer to
  prevent access of minors to material on the
  Internet
  Anti-censorship Argument
“Congress shall make no law… abridging
the freedom of speech, or of the press, or of
the people peaceably to assemble, and to
petition the Government for a redress of
grievances” (US Constitution)
              Pros & Cons
• Constitution‟s framers believed that
  freedom of inquiry and liberty of expression
  were the hallmarks of a democratic society
             March 29, 2001
• The 9th US Court of Appeals overturned an
  Oregon court‟s ruling that order anti-abortion
  activists who created a website, which provides
  the names of addresses of abortion doctors to pay
  $107 million in damages to Planned Parenthood
  and four doctors
  -critics =“domestic terrorism and deadly threats”
  -anti-abortionists argue= “nothing in their
  materials specifically advocated violence against
  abortion providers”
                 Conclusion
• Ultimately, censorship of any kind is a complex
  issue in which consideration of both individual
  First Amendment rights and national interests
  must be considered. We can see by examining the
  court decisions regarding terrorist speech online
  and offline, that the circumstances of each case
  play a role in determining the court‟s ruling and
  that decisions specifically applying to Internet
  issues have yet to be set.

				
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posted:10/20/2011
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