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					                                                                                                Parts of Speech:
                                                                                                           Verbs
                              A verb is a word that shows action or a state of being.

Examples : action: swim, run, jump, taste, fall, dream            Please write three sentences showcasing
           State of being: be, appear, seem, feel                 the verbs (circle the verbs).

Verbs tell us when the action happens:                            Please choose one verb and write
Present tense: I ace tests sometimes.                             sentences showcasing that verb in
Past tense: I aced the test yesterday.                            present, past, and future tenses. Please
Future tense: I will ace the test tomorrow.                       do two different sets.

                                                                                         Please write two
Transitive Verb: expresses an action directed toward a person or a thing named in        examples of
             a sentence.                                                                 transitive verbs used
        Ex: Mark hugged his parents. [The action of the verb hugged is directed          in a sentence and
        toward parents.]                                                                 two examples of
                                                                                         intransitive verbs
Intransitive Verb: expresses action or a state of being without referring to an          used in a sentence.
             object.                                                                     Then, write two
       Ex: The crowd cheered.                                                            examples of the same
                                                                                         verb used as a
Be careful, a transitive verb in one sentence may be intransitive in another. For        transitive verb and an
          example:                                                                       intransitive verb in a
       Carrie waved her arm. [Transitive]                                                different sentence.
       Carrie waved quickly. [Intransitive]


WHEN to use present tense:
Action that happens over and over: I eat pizza every day. Present action: I want to eat pizza right now.

Be consistent with tenses used:
Wrong example:
I got home late and Mom fusses at me for not calling to let her know where I will be.
     I got home=past tense             Mom fusses=present tense              Where I will be=future tense

Corrected example:
I got home late and Mom fussed at me for not calling to let her know where I had been.
        I got home=past tense      Mom fussed=past tense          Where I had been=past perfect tense

                                                                                        Please write one
Passive/Active Voice:                                                                   example for each of
Passive voice: The ball was hit.      Passive voice: My nose was punched by you.        the four sentence sets.
Active voice: Zen hit the ball.       Active voice: You punched me in the nose!         If there is both a
                                                                                        passive and an active
Use passive voice when:                                                                 example, please do
     The doer of the action is not important or not unknown.                           both sentences for the
Passive voice: School is cancelled today! (Who cancelled it is not important.)          set.
                                                                                                    Parts of Speech:
                                                                                                               Verbs
     You want to be polite, avoid sounding bossy, or soften a strong statement.
Passive voice: Your application was rejected.
Active voice: We rejected your application.

     You want to emphasize the thing you’re talking about, not the person who does the action.
Passive voice: This big blue ribbon [emphasizing the thing] will be given to the winner.
Active voice: The winner [emphasizing the person] will receive this big blue ribbon.

     You are writing in an impersonal, scientific manner.
Passive voice: The mice were separated into two groups.
Active voice: My lab partner and I separated the mice into two groups.

                                                                                            Gerunds:
Gerunds:                                                                                    Please write five
If you put –ing on the end of a verb, you can turn the verb into a noun—and that            example sentence
noun is called a gerund.                                                                    sets showing the
                                                                                            same word used as
I run [verb]. Running [noun/gerund] is fun.                                                 a verb in one
I eat [verb] ice cream. Eating [noun/gerund] ice cream is even more fun than                sentence and a
running [noun/gerund].                                                                      gerund in another
                                                                                            sentence.



Troubling Verbs:

If you grew up speaking English, you know that we say “the teacher taught,” but we don’t say “the preacher
praught.” Your ear will tell you that it’s fine to say that you “wrote your sister,” but it’s not fine to say that you
“bote your sister” if what you did was bite her. You know most irregular verbs by ear, but here are a few
troublemakers. (When two words are given, either is okay but the first choice is a little better.)

Today         Yesterday              Many Times
Bite          bit                    bitten or bit
Bring         brought                brought—brang and brung are not words
Drag          dragged                dragged—drug is often used but is not correct
Dive          dived or dove          dived
Drive         drove                  driven—drived is not a word
Forget        forgot                 forgotten or forgot
Get           got                    gotten or got
Hang (to hang a picture or to dangle):
Hang          hung                   hung
Hang (to hang a person):
Hang          hanged                 hanged
Hide          hid                    hid or hidden

				
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posted:10/20/2011
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