The United States and the Great War

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					The United States and
   the Great War


          1914-1918
              Objective
 To understand the causes of World War I
 To understand the nature of World War I
 To understand how World War I ended
 To understand the consequences of World
  War I
        Long-Term Causes
 Nationalism

 Imperialism

 Militarism
          The Alliance System
 The Rise of Germany




 Germany after 1871 and the Rise of Alliances
       The Alliance System
 Bismarck vs. Kaiser Wilhelm II



 Unraveling of Bismarck’s Alliances
       The Alliance System
 Britain and “Splendid Isolation”



 Entente Cordiale 1904
              The Balkans
 The Eastern Question



 Instability in the Balkans
             World War I
 Archduke Francis Ferdinand assassinated



 “Blank Check”
              World War I
 The July Crisis
  – Austrian ultimatum to Serbia on July 24, 1914
  – Austria declares war on Serbia on July 28,
    1914
  – Germany declares war on Russia on August 1,
    1914
  – Germany declares war on France on August 3,
    1914
              World War I
 The July Crisis
  – Britain had been staying neutral
  – Germany vs. Belgium
  – Britain declares war on Germany on August 4,
    1914
 World War I begins
World War I
                World War I
 The Central Powers
  – Germany, Austria, the Ottoman Empire
     • Ottoman Empire enters alliance with Germany in
       October 1914
 The Triple Entente (Allies)
  – Britain, France, Russia
     • Italy joins Triple Entente in 1915 in secret alliance
              World War I
 The Western Front
  – Schlieffen Plan


  – Battle of the Marne


  – Trench Warfare
              World War I
 The Eastern Front
  – Germany invades Russia in 1914



  – Impact of the war in Russia
             World War I
 War expands outside Europe
  – Africa

  – Asia


  – Middle East
              World War I
 New weapons introduced



 Total war
                World War I
 Russia gets out of the war
   – February Revolution (March 1917)

   – Provisional government

   – October Revolution (November 1917)
        The United States and
            World War I
 The United States neutral for most of the war




 Submarine warfare
         The United States
         and World War I
 The US declares war on Germany in 1917
  – Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Proclaimed


  – Zimmerman Telegram


  – President Woodrow Wilson wants US to
    “make the world safe for democracy”
           The United States
           and World War I
 Impact of US Entry
  – Selective Service Act passed in May 1917



  – Typical American soldier
           The United States
           and World War I
 The Home Front
  – Increase in government spending



  – Cooperation between private business and government
          The United States
          and World War I
 Civil Liberties Challenged
  – Committee on Public Information


  – Free Speech Curtailed


  – Red Scare
         The United States
         and World War I
 Racial Unrest during World War I
  – World War I and African-Americans



  – Revival of Ku Klux Klan
        End of World War I
 Revolution in Germany




 World War I comes to an end
     The Treaty of Versailles
 Paris Peace Conference



 The Fourteen Points
      The Treaty of Versailles
 Reaction to Fourteen Points




 Treaty of Versailles
Post World War I Europe
Post World War I Middle East
      The League of Nations
 Wilson vs. US Senate



 Aftermath
             Conclusion
 Between 1870 and 1914 European powers
  enter into alliances
 Arms race makes Europe highly unstable
 A series of decisions led Europe into
  World War I
 Allies impose a harsh peace on Germany
 World War I the most destructive war in
  history

				
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posted:10/20/2011
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