Medical Informatics Academic and Training Programs

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					Medical Informatics: Academic and Training Programs        (only degree-granting programs)
(updated 8/02)

   1.   Columbia University, Department of Medical Informatics

   2.   Drexel University, Institute for HealthCare Informatics

            a.   History
            b.   Research
                       i. Active Learning Framework (ALF)
                      ii. CyberDoc – distance learning platform for med students
                     iii. Evidence Finder – search engine for “best evidence”
                     iv. Virtual Grand Rounds - authoring (development) and delivery (presentation) components
                          needed for online presentation of didactic material
                      v. YourOnCall - provides clinicians at remote point of care timely Electronic Medical
                          Summary reporting, via Palm, PocketPC, or mobile-phone platforms
            c.   People
                       i. Russel Maulitz (director), Michael E. Atwood, Debra McGrath, Arnold Smolen

   3.   Duke University, Medical Informatics
           a. History
                     i. mid-1960s: IBM - clinical decision support system
                    ii. late 1960s: research database for diagnosis
                  iii. mid-1970s: Duke Hospital Information System (DHIS)
                   iv. 1968: The Medical Record (TMR)
                    v. IAIMS: NLM funding for IAIMS phase III
                   vi. 1991: NLM funding for institutional training program
           b. Research
                     i. DSS, HIS, computer-assisted mgmt protocol systems, standards development, security,
                        confidentiality and privacy, medical data mining
           c. People
                     i. William Hammond, David Lobach

   4.   Emory University, MSPH in Public Health Informatics

   5.   George Mason University, School of Computational Sciences, Bioinformatics PhD program

            a.   History
            b.   Research
            c.   People
                      i. W. Murray Black (director)

   6.   Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Med.Ctr., Center for Clinical Computing
           a. Research
                    i. PaperChase: largest database of medical information (MEDLINE plus a bunch of other
                   ii. ClinQuery (Safran)
                  iii. OMR (online medical record - Safran), patient/physicians-computer dialogue, telematics in
                       the NICU, CareWeb, Baby CareWeb, Lifeline Video
           b. People
                    i. Howard Bleich, Warner Slack, Charles Safran, David Rind, Daniel Sands

   7.   Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Decision Systems Groups
           a. History
                   i. DSG established in 1979
         b.   Research
                   i. Representation of medical knowledge, DSS, ML models, computer-aided education,
                      consumer health, image-based reasoning, bioinformatics, clinical workstations, software
                      infrastructure and methodologies
         c.   People
                   i. Robert Greenes, Lucila Ohno-Machado

8.   Harvard-MIT-NEMC, Children's Hospital Informatics Program (CHIP)
        a. Multidisciplinary applied research and education pgroam focusing on bioinformatics and clinical
        b. Research
                  i. PING (Personal Internetworked Notary and Guardian): distributed, web-based, personally
                     controlled electronic medical record system
                 ii. Bioinformatics
                         1. SNPper: retrieve sets of SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms)
                         2. Biology: modeling the hypothalamo-pituitary adrenal axis
                iii. Public health informatics: biosurveillance
                iv. Decision support
                         1. TrenDx (trend diagnosis), ATRAS (Adrenal Testing Analysis), GrowthCalc
                              (growth monitoring), ICU visualization
                 v. Medical record systems
                vi. Privacy: health information de-identification and identification toolkit
        c. People
                  i. Isaac Kohane (director)

9.   Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Laboratory of Computer Science
        a. History
                  i. Computer science research and development group founded over 30 years ago
                 ii. MUMPS: programming language for medical applications
               iii. COSTAR: comprehensive and widely used automated ambulatory medical record system
                iv. Comprehensive HIS using modular definition
                 v. Large library of medical education programs
                vi. DXPlain: diagnostic decision-support system
        b. Research
                  i. Computer-based medical record systems, physician workstations, clinical problem solving,
                     expert systems in medical diagnosis, knowledge management, medical education, clinical
        c. People
                  i. Octo Barnett

10. NEMC and Tufts University, Division of Clinical Decision Making, Informatics and Telemedicine
      a. Exploring and developing platforms for decision support and decision analysis as well as techniques
          for assessing preferences and incorporating them into clinical decision making
      b. Research
                i. Decision Maker: decision analyst that can analyze simple decision trees or markov cohort
      c. People
                i. Brian Cohen, Mark Eckman, Stephen Pauker, John Wong

11. MIT, Medical Computer Science, Clinical Decision Making Group
       a. Research
                i. Guardian Angel: personal lifelong active medical assistants
               ii. MAITA (Monitoring, Analysis and Interpretation Tool Arsenal): automated gathering,
                   understanding and reacting to important information
              iii. Heart Disease: assisting diagnosis and cardiovascular disease
                 iv.   SHARE/HID-IT: using cryptographic methods to encourage protected sharing of data
                  v.   Genifer: assisting clinical genetics counselors
                 vi.   EMRS (Electronic Medical Record System)
                vii.   Case-based reasoning
               viii.   Knowledge representation conferences
        b.   People
                  i.   Peter Szolovits

12. Indiana University, School of Informatics
        a. History
        b. Research
        c. People

13. NLM, Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communication
      a. Research
                 i. Digital library research
                ii. UMLS
               iii. Gateway: simultaneous search in multiple retrieval systems at NLM
               iv. Natural language systems: medical language processing
                        1. SPECIALIST: NLP system for biomedical domain
                v. Visible human project: anatomical images of human body
               vi. DocView: delivery of documents over the Internet
              vii. public access to clinical trials information
             viii. HSTAT: access to clinical practice guidelines and other full text documents
               ix. Indexing institute: automated and semi-automated indexing methods focusing on retrieval
                x. Multimedia projects: interactive programs and technologies
               xi. WebMIRS: database access to text and associated images from nationwide health surveys
      b. People
                 i. Alexa McCray, Milton Corn, Don Lindburg, Betsy Humphreys

14. New England Medical Center/ Tufts, Division of Clinical Decision Making, Informatics and
        a. History: Established in 1980 by Drs Stephen Pauker and Jerome Kassirer
        b. Research: Applying decision analysis, utility assessment, literature synthesis, medical informatics,
           and artificial intelligence in medicine, the Division focuses on clinical decision analysis, cost-
           effectiveness and health policy analysis at institutional and policy levels.
                 i. Clinical Decision Consultation Service
                ii. Decision Maker: decision analyst can analyze simple decision trees or Markov cohort
                     models. Monte Carlo simulation is also supported. The program performs sensitivity
                     analyses (one-way, two-way, or three-way) and displays the results graphically or in tabular
                     form. Thresholds may be calculated. Cost-effectiveness analyses, including the calculation
                     of willingness-to-pay thresholds, are supported
        c. People: Brian Cohen, Claire Wong, Stephen Pauker, John Wong

15. Oregan Health and Sciences University, Division of Medical Informatics and Outcomes Research
       a. Provide an academic environment for teaching, research and service in the areas of medical
           informatics and outcomes research
       b. Teaching of health care providers and informatics/outcomes professionals
       c. Evidence based practice center of AHRQ (Agency for Health Care Research and Quality)
       d. Research
                 i. EMR, IR, information needs assessment, HCI, consumer health informatics, telemedicine,
                    clinical epidemiology, consortium based research
                ii. Evidence-based Practice Center: conducts systematic reviews of healthcare topics for federal
                    and state agencies and private foundations
                iii.   CliniWeb: an index and table of contents to clinical information on the WWW
                iv.    Information retrieval
                 v.    Outcomes Research and Data Group
        e.   People
                  i.   William Hersh (head)

16. Regenstrief Institute for Health Care
       a. Conduct research to improve health care by improving the capture, analysis, content and delivery of
           the information needed by patients, their health care providers and policy makers and to content
           intervention studies designed to measure the effect of the application of this research on the
           efficiency and quality of health care
       b. History
                  i. Samuel Nathan Regenstrief  Regenstrief Institure for Health Care
                 ii. 25 years old
                iii. located on Indiana University School of Medicine
       c. Research
                  i. optimize information capture, optimize information analysis, optimize information content
                     and delivery
                 ii. RMRS (Regenstrief Medical Records System): 1974
                iii. LOINC = Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes
       d. People
                  i. Clement McDonald (director), Mike Barnes, J. Marc Overhage, William Tierney,

17. Stanford University, Medical Informatics
        a. Research
                 i. Helix group (Russ Altman):
                         1. RiboWeb
                         2. PharmGKB
                ii. Knowledge modeling group (Mark Musen):
                         1. Protégé (automated tool to support construction of KB systems)
                         2. Eon: domain-independent, component-based architecture for automation of
                             protocol based care
               iii. Medical information interface group
               iv. InterMed
                v. Eon: domain-independent, component-based architecture for automation of protocol-based
               vi. Previous Projects: DENDRAL, Meta-DENDRAL, MYCIN, TEIRESIAS, EMYCIN, PUFF,
                    CENTAUR, VM, GUIDON, SACON, MOLGEN, UNITS, AM, EURISKO, RLL, Contract
                    Nets, CRYSALIS, AGE, QUIST, GLISP,
        b. People
                 i. Russ Altman, Mark Musen, Larry Fagan, Henry Lowe, Samson Tu, Teri Klein

18. University of Alabama – Birmingham, Health Informatics Program
       a. Health informatics program: integrates information science, information resources management,
            health care organization and management
       b. People
                  i. Helmuth Orthner (director)
                 ii. Berner, Carter, Hardin

19. University of California – Davis, Medical Informatics, School of Medicine
       a. Telehealth, telemedicine
       b. Applied medical informatics groups: integration points between technology providers and health care
       c. Research
                  i. CRC (clinical resources center): Web portal providing distributed access to medical
                     knowledge sources to mobile users
                  ii. Web interface design study: evaluation of data selection methods for web-based applications
                iii. Online-referral guidelines: web-based referral guidelines management system
                 iv. PC-AWARE clinical productivity study: study of impact of Web-based disganostic
                      summary recprds
                  v. SNOMED RT server
                 vi. MBMS (Mission Based Management System)
                vii. Distance Education Services
               viii. Web Hosting Services
                 ix. UMLS JSS java server Gateway
                  x. QD-POP: POP3-to-Web system
                 xi. PharmQuery Enterprise Formulary System
                xii. Odyssey: custom built web browser designed for multi-user, shared workstation

20. University of California – Irvine, Informatics in Biology and Medicine, Department of Information and
    Computer Science
       a. Research
                   i. Medical information access
                  ii. Knowledge representation for health-care guidelines
                iii. Modeling structure in biomedical data
                 iv. Biomedical simulations
                  v. Discovery of gene expression control
                 vi. Knowledge discovery in clinical databases
                vii. Computational biology
               viii. Bioinformatics, probabilistic modeling and machine learning

21. University of California - San Francisco, Medical Information Science, School of Pharmacy
       a. Biological and medical informatics
       b. Study, use and development of informatics technologies for conducting biological and clinical
            research and promoting more effective patient care
       c. Research
                  i. Computer Graphics Laboratory
                 ii. Laboratory for Radiological Informatics
                iii. CaIREN-2
                iv. Abilene Project
                 v. Internet2
       d. People
                  i. Keith Campbell

22. University of Illinois – Chicago, School of Biomedical and Health Information Sciences, College of
    Health and Human Development Sciences
       a. Health informatics: combines management skills with knowledge of health care data and information
            resources for health care planning, provision, resource allocation, and executive decision making
       b. Online courses
       c. People
                  i. Walter Panko

23. University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Department of Health Informatics
       a. History
       b. Research
       c. People
                  i. Syed Haque (director)

24. University of Miami, Medical Informatics
       a. History
       b. Research
        c.   People
                  i. Mansur Kabuka

25. University of Minnesota, Health Informatics, Division of Health Computer Sciences
       a. Division of Health Computer Sciences: Health Informatics
       b. Application of computer and information sciences to quantitative aspects and decision needs of the
            health and life sciences
       c. Research
                  i. Clinical decision making, evaluation of health programs, expert systems, telemedicine and
                     telehomecare, health computer sciences, HIS, image and signal processing, physiological
                     monitoring and control
                 ii. Biocatalysts/Biodegradation Database: provide information on microbial enzyme-catalyzed
                     reactions that are important for biotechnology
                iii. National Micropopulation Simulation Resource
                iv. Functional Neuroimaging groups: modeling and visualization of spatial and temportal
                     patterns of functional activation in the living human brain
                          1. NeuroVia: Neuroimaging Visualization and Analysis
                 v. Telemedicine: grant from Office of Rural Health Policy, HRSA and US Department of
                     Health and Human Services
                vi. Telehomecare: virtual visits combining telemedicine and home monitoring of physiologic
                     variables can improve the health and reduce the cost of home health care for elderly or
                     underserved, homebound patients with chronic illness
       d. People
                  i. Christopher Chute

26. University of Missouri, Health Management and Informatics, School of Medicine
       a. Development and application of knowledge for providing evidence based solutions to health policy
            decisions, preparation of leaders, management and informatics education
       b. Research
                  i. Center for Health Care Quality
                 ii. HMI Group Consulting Services

27. University of North Carolina, Division of Medical Computing and Informatics, School of Medicine,
    Biomedical Engineering
       a. Duke-UNC training program
       b. People
                  i. John Loonsk (chief of the division of medical computing)

28. Univeristy of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Medical Informatics Training Program and Center for Biomedical
        a. Research
                  i. IAIMS
        b. People
                  i. Charles Friedman, Wendy Chapman, Cynthia Gadd

29. University of Texas Houston, Health Science Center, Health Informatics, School of Health Information
        a. Research
                  i. Genetic tracking
                 ii. EHR
                iii. Taxonomy of medical errors
                iv. Cognitive work

30. University of Utah, Department of Medical Informatics, School of Medicine
         a.   Improve health care outcomes through information systems (including health, economic, and
              satisfaction results for consumers and providers) in both the private and public sectors of the health
         b.   History
                     i. Established in 1972
         c.   Research
                     i. Clinical health information systems, computerized decision-making, evaluation of
                        computerized patient care, genetic epidemiology/Bioinformatics, medical imaging, and
                        medical informatics research, public health informatics
                    ii. HELP: clinical expert health information system
                   iii. MIRL: Medical Imaging Research Laboratory
         d.   People
                     i. Reed Gardner (chair), Stanley Huff, Paul Clayton, T. Allan Pryor, Homer Warner, Dennis

31. University of Washington, Department of Medical Education, Division of Biomedical and Health
        a. Create a nationally renowned program in biomedical and health informatics that stresses the
            importance of teaching, research and service
        b. Our division seeks to identify the problems with information flow in the biomedicine and healthcare
            arenas as a foundation for tool development
        c. Research
                   i. IAIMS
                  ii. HealthLinks: consolidate and distribute electronic information and to link to selected
                      information available over the Internet to assist health sciences faculty, staff and students in
                      their education, research, clinical and public service missions
                iii. Telemedicine
                 iv. Structural informatics group
                  v. Patient-centric tools
                 vi. Gene-Clinics: knowledge base of expert-authored, up-to-date information relating genetic
                      testing to the diagnosis, management, and counseling of individuals and families with
                      inherited disorder
                vii. GeneTests: directory of laboratories providing testing for genetic disorders
               viii. GeneSeek: investigating the application in the genetic domain of data integration systems
                      that can process semi-structured data
                 ix. Effect of Decision Support Systems on Clinical Reasoning
                  x. Effectiveness of Asthma Education on Behavioral Outcomes
        d. People
                   i. Sherrilynne Fuller

32. University of Wisconsin, Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Medical School
       a. Collaborate in the design, conduct, and analyses of laboratory, clinical, and epidemiologic studies and
            clinical trials in a variety of biomedical disciplines and departments
       b. Biostatistics program, clinical trials program, medical informatics program
       c. Biomedical Computing Group (BCG)
       d. People
                  i. Patricia Brennan

33. Vanderbilt University, Bioinformatics Programming, Vanderbilt University Medical Center
       a. Research
                  i. Clinical Information Service
                 ii. WizOrder: order entry system and clinical information service
               iii. MARS/STARCHART: sophisticated medical record/clinical data repository system
                iv. PathWorX: care management/documentation system which electronically links clinical care
                     pathways to the patient flowsheet
                 v. IAIMS
                vi. Eskind Biomedical Library
        b.   People
                  i. Randolph Miller, William Stead, Judy Ozbolt, Nancy Lorenzi

34. Yale University, Center for Medical Informatics, School of Medicine
        a. Creative use of computers in clinical medicine, molecular biology, biomedical research and medical
        b. Research
                 i. SenseLab: human brain project, integrated, multidisciplinary models of neurons and neural
                ii. Double Digester: program to help molecular biologists make restriction maps from gel data
               iii. SEURAT (Scanning for Evaluation, Utilization Review, Analysis, and Training)
               iv. Guideline implementation projects
                          1. AsthMonitor
                          2. PalmAsthma
                v. Guideline Elements Model (GEM): XML- based guideline document model that can store
                     and organize the heterogeneous information contained in practice guidelines
               vi. Yeast Genome Analysis
                          1. TRIPLES: a database of TRansposon-Insertion Phenotypes, Localization, and
                             Expression in Saccharomyces.
        c. People
                 i. Perry Miller (director), Richard Shiffman

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