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                                                                                                                                                                                                                           INDEX
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OF
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                                                                                                                                   .                                  Date                                                                                                                                                                        Claim                                                                                       Date             I
                                                        Claim
                                                                                  iij
                                                                                                           ,~
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             19
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          53.
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                                 ~""5                                                   5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 55
""/"6                                                                                                                                                             -                                                                                                                                                                                       56.                                                                                 .,

...                   \.
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                                                                                          7
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          57
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                                                        9
                                                                                               8
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 .                                                 '9,'                                                                                                                                            ','                                                                                                                                                     59                                                                                                  I

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                                                                                        15
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     i                                             1                                    17                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     67                                                                                              I

                                                        £18                                                                                                                              .."                                                                                                                                                               68
                                                   1'\                              19                                                                                               -                                                                                                                                                                     69

                                           1P                                     20.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          70
                         \ .-               \                                       21                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     71!

                                            1-                                    22                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           72                                                                                              I




                                                                                  23                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       73
                                                                                  24                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       74
                                                                                    25                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           75                                                                                            !
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                                                        0                         30                                ..'1                                                                                                                                  SYMBOLS.                                                                                             80
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                81
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                                                                                  33
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               83
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        -
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                                                                                  39
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                                                 ..                                 41                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           91                                                                                            i

                                              II                                  42                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  92                                                                                       !

                     \..                           I,                             43                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             93                                                                                            !


                         \       - llIf(~)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     94
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                95
                                                                                  46                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           96

                                                                                  47                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           97

                                                                                  48                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           98                                                                                              !

                                                                                  49                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       99!
                                                                                  50                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      100




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                  94303
                                                                                                    j
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Musical
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                               Suite
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pendency
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                                                                         No.
                                          Carr, DeFilippo & Ferrell UP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     this
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               credit any overpaymentto Deposit Account No. 06-0600. A duplicate copy of this sheet is enclosed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          +
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    x
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              x
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Total
                               200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    $80
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              $22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Work
                                                                         P-40823
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    =
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              =
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  A check in the amountof $1760.00to cover the filing fee [x] andrecording of assignment enclosed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         $260 =




                                                                                                    rAil
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Files
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     is
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     enclosed.
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 $1720.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    $400.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              $550.00   $770.00'
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                                                                                                                  The lssuetee setin 37 CFR § 1.18 at or beforemailing of the Notice of Allowance, pursuantto 37 CFR § 1.311
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           .;'Ln
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                                                                                                                                                                                               PATENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     AND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    TRADEMARK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OFFICE
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     ./
    !.    APPLICANT(S):                                                                                                                                  Stanley Jungleib
f
,
          SERIAL
                                               NO.:
                                                                                                                                                         Unknown
            FILING
                                   DATE:
                                                                                                                                                            On
                                                                                                                                                                                Even
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Date
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Herewith
            TITLE:
                                                                                                                                                             System
                                                                                                                                                                                                        and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Method
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Generating,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Distributing,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Storing
                                                                                                                                                                   and                 Performing                                                                                          Musical                                                      Work         Files
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                                                      ART
                                                                            UNIT:
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                 ATTY.DKT.NO.:                                                                                                                               PA-612
            ASSISTANT
                                                             COMMISSIONER
                                                                                                                                                                                         FOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PATENTS
          WASHINGTON,
                                                                                                  D.C.
                                                                                                                        20231
                                                                                                                                     CERTIFICATE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            OF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            EXPRESS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          MAIL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             EM555844756US
            SIR:
                                 "Express                                                       Mail"          mailing                                                                 label                                   number                                                                                                                    EM555844756US


                                 Date                       of Deposit:                                                                                                                                                                                    Iul~                              11. 1997


                 I hereby certify that this paper or fee is being deposited with the United States Postal
                 Service
                                    "Express
                                                                                                     Mail
                                                                                                                 Post
                                                                                                                                                                       Office
                                                                                                                                                                                                              to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Addressee"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                service
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     under
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                37
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CFR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1.10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the
                        date indicateq                                                          above and is addressed to Assistant                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Commissioner                                                          for              Patents,
                 Washington,'D.C.                                                                           20231.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,                                                       .
                                                                                    Deposited
                                                                                                                                                   by:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Isis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Nieto
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   '.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            U
                                                                                                               (Signat                                                                 e of person mailing                                                                                                                                              paper or fee)
                                                                                                                                                                                  "




                                                            II                                                             I                                                                                                                                                           I                                                                                                                                                 I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               I.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ,/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               -~.,-



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PATENT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     MUSICAL                                                                                                                                                                                  FILES
                                                                                                                                                                      AND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PERFORMING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       WORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BACKGROUND                                                                                                                                                                     OF                                THE                                            INVENIION




                     5    1.                                      Field                                                                of the Invention

                                                                  This                                                     invention                                                                                                                      relates                                                              generally                                                                                                                   to                                                Musical                                                                                       Instrument                                                                                     Digital




                          Interface                                                                       (MIDI)                                                                                       technology,                                                                                                                              and                                                            more                                                       particularly                                                                                                                                  to       a                system                                                             and




                           method                                                                   for                                     generating,                                                                                                                                  distributing,                                                                                                                                           storing                                                                       and                                                        performing                                                                                                     musical




0                          work                                                files.




00
OJ              10
~
~.
                            2.
                                                                     Descril2tion.of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Background
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Art
E
                                                                         Music
                                                                                                                                                is
                                                                                                                                                                                  one
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       most
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          popular
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     forms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                creative
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      expression.
i
    ~
                             Accordingly,
                                                                                                                                                            musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      designers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     attempted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              provide
    ,.      ,
        ~
    ~
                             composers
                                                                                                                   'with
                                                                                                                                                                                             musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 tools,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Instrument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Digital
    .
    ".,J         15                Interface                                                                (MIDI)                                                                                      technology                                                                                                                and General MIDI,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      for facilitating                                                                                                           the
    ~
                                         creation,                                                            distribution,                                                                                                                                                  storage and performance                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of musical                                                                                                                  works.
                                                                                       MIDI
                                                                                                                                                is
                                                                                                                                                                                        an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          international
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               standard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         specifies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           hardware
                                            setup                                             and                          a                              software                                                                                                           protocol                                                                                    for                                                controlling                                                                                                              electronic                                                                               music
                                             instruments.
                                                                                                                                                                            The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          hardware
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           setup
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             serial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          communications.
                     20                          network                                                  that runs quickly                                                                                                                                                                                                   enough to play very complex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             music in real

                                                       time.                                        The                                       software                                                                                                              protocol                                                                                      is comprehensive                                                                                                                                                                                          and                                              flexible,                                                                    and


                                                            provides                                               a mechanism                                                                                                                                                           for                                  encoding                                                                                                                     basic                                                              note                                                       playing,                                                                performance


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      -I-
                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                                I
                                                                                                                                       ;'
                                                                                                              ~-'~;:"""""""




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ,                                                                                              -~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ~i
    ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PATENT




                                            expression, sound selection and elaborate modes of tape machine and

\                                           theatrical                                                            control.                                                                       Although                                                            MIDI                                   is compact, flexible                                                                                                                                                  and lends itself
                                            to
                                                                            multimedia
                                                                                                                                                                        applications,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       traditional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MIDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        equipment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     commonly
                                            acknowledged                                                                                         as far                                                       too complex                                                                               for                           consumers                                                                               to handle.                                                                             Further,

                                       5    MIDI                                         compositions                                                                                                        are system                                                               dependent,                                                                           and thus,                                                                 for                                      example,

                                            musical                                                             information                                                                                  intended                                                         by                      the composer                                                                                                     to represent                                                                                  the

                                              sounds                                                        of a grand                                                                           piano                                           may                                 be reproduced                                                                                      by a first                                                                                       player                            system

                                                 as a bass guitar                                                                                                                         and by a second player                                                                                                                                         system                                                     as a flute.

                                                                                         In response                                                                                         to the complexity                                                                                                                       and system                                                                               dependence                                                                             of MIDI,
         :,,",
          I'."~
         ~
                                 10
                                              music
                                                                                                  system
                                                                                                                                                          designers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    created
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       General
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          MIDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     recommends
         ..~
         .n
        ~
        ~
                                                 standards
                                                                                                                       and
                                                                                                                                                                              common
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        practices
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      providing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       predictable
        '!;
        I.!!
        ~
        ~..                  -               results and a greater ease of use.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Thus, musical information                                                                                                                                                                                   intended
        I,.,;
        *
        0                                        by the composer                                                                                                                           to represent                                                                       the sounds                                                                  of a grand                                                                                 piano                                          will                    be            ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !




        ,,- I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             I
                  .,~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          i
        ~..
                                                 played
                                                                                                           by
                                                                                                                             all
                                                                                                                                                 player
                                                                                                                                                                                                              systems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         implement
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     General
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MIDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a
        FAi.

                        ""
         ~
                                  15
                                                     grand
                                                                                         piano.
                                                                                                                                                             However,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       because
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       several
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            critical.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       limitations
                                                          including                                                a lack of variety,                                                                                                                  a lack of playing audio samples and poor
                                                             expressive
                                                                                                                                   quality,
                                                                                                                                                                                                 composers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              have
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               found
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 General
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MIDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                be
                                                                    inhibiting.



                                                                                         Therefore,                                                                                        a system                                                and method                                                                                            are needed                                                                           to provide.

                                       20                                 composers
                                                                          storage                                and
                                                                                                                                              with
                                                                                                                                                  .
                                                                                                                                                performance
                                                                                                                                                                                          a musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    tool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       that                                          facilitates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  information
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               generation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               without
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     distribution,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              '
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              !


                                                                          compromising                                                                                                  composer                                                 intention,                                                    creativity                                                                           and                           sound                                                            quality.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -2-
                                                                                                                               ,:
                                                                                                                             ..
                                                                                                                   ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              I
                                                             ,                                                  I L,                                                                     "".J.                                                                                                              I,."                                                                                                                                                       j                                                                      j
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I




-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PATENT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            '.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SUMMARY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        '
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         '--~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           OF                                                      THE                                                                 INVENTION
                                                               The
                                                                                                                                             present
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               invention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             provides
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      method
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                for
                          composing                                                                                                                        and                                                           playing                                                                                                                   back                                                                 musical                                                                                                                                      works.                                                                                           The                                                           system                                                                                                                includes                                                                                     a




                           sound                                      bank                                                                                                    containing                                                                                                                                                          at                    least                                                                                           one                                                                             instrument                                                                                                                       sound,                                                                                                         an                                                     input                                                                 device




                      5   for                     receiving                                                                                                                                music                                                                                           control                                                                                             signals,                                                                                                                                     a                                     sequencer                                                                                                                      coupled                                                                                                                   to                                             the                                    input




                          device                                                for                                                                        storing                                                                                            the                                                                 music                                                                                      control                                                                                                                         signals,                                                                                           and                                                        a                      work                                                                                               manager




                          coupled                                                                            to                                                  the                                                     sound                                                                                           bank                                                                and                                                                              to                                                 the                                                          sequencer                                                                                                                    for                                                     generating                                                                                                                                        a




                          musical                                                                       work                                                                                   file                                                      containing                                                                                                                                                      the                                                         music                                                                                                      control                                                                           signals                                                                                                         and                                                                    at                           least                                                      a




                           portion                                                                 of                                                  the                                                       sound                                                                                           bank.                                                                                               The                                                                                  system                                                                                                             further                                                                            includes                                                                                                                         a
         .,;,
     """
    ~
     ~
                10
                            synthesizer
                                                                                                                                                                     engine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           coupled
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         input
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   device
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       processing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the
     ~
    ~
                          music
                                                                      control
                                                                                                                                                                                                       signals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          based
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                instrument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        sounds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             contained
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              in
    1ft
    wo
    ;'P,
                                                                          ,
    0                     the                       sound                                                                                   bank,                                                                                           a                              mixer'coupled                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to                                               the                                                            synthesizer                                                                                                                             engine                                                                                                          for                                 mixing
    ~
    0                     effects                                                     with                                                                                       the                                                    processed                                                                                                                               music                                                                                                             control                                                                                                                        signals,                                                                                   and                                                             a                                    speaker




    ""..,J
     ~'
                           system
                                                                                        coupled
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          mixer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             converting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mixed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         music
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        control
     ~
     ..0
        "'s4    15          signals                                                          to                                               sound.




                                                                The                                                                         method                                                                                                            includes                                                                                                                  the                                                                     steps                                                                                                 of                                      receiving                                                                                                           music                                                                                                control




                               signals,                                                                 receiving                                                                                                                                   at                                          least                                                               a                              portion                                                                                                                             of                                               a                                    sound                                                        bank                                                                                 containing                                                                                                                                   at




                                 least                        one                                                                    instrument                                                                                                                                                              sound,                                                                                       and                                                                         storing                                                                                                                       the                                       music                                                                          control                                                                                                                          signals                                                                      and




                                 received                                                                                    sound                                                                                        bank                                                                               portion                                                                                                    as                                              a                                          musical                                                                                                                  work                                                       file.                                                                                The                                                                        method




                 20                    further                                                    includes                                                                                                                              the                                                          steps                                                                 of                                                           processing                                                                                                                                                                     the                                    music                                                                           control                                                                                                                          signals




                                          based                        on                                                             the                                                             instrument                                                                                                                                          ,sounds                                                                                                                      contained                                                                                                                                                   in                       the                                                      sound                                                                                                      bank,                                                                   mixing




                                                                                                                  :'---"',                             f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -3-

                                                                                                                   I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                                         I                   r               ,II""C                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I
                                          I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      /                    \   r   '




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,       ;




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   :




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       PATENT
                           effects
                                                                                  with
                                                                                                                          the
                                                                                                                                                       processed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    music
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  control
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       signals,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     converting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the
                               mixed                                             music                                            control                                                                               signals                                                                                  to sound.
                                                                      Because,
                                                                                                                                                  in
                                                                                                                                                                                       addition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MIDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              changes,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 manager
                               stores                                            the sound                                                                               bank to the musical                                                                                                                                                                                                           work                                                      file,                                               the system                                                                                  and

                   5     method                                                          provide                                                       all                                                  the information                                                                                                                                                                needed                                                                 to perform                                                                                                      the                            musical

                         piece.                                                          Thus,                                           system                                                                               independence                                                                                                                                      is achieved.                                                                                                                   That                                            is, unlike

                               systems                                                             implementing                                                                                                                        standard                                                                                                MIDI,                                                     the                                                     system                                                                                and                        method


                           forward                                                                     data                              representing                                                                                                                                                 the                                instrument                                                                                                   sounds                                                                                  and                                 topology

                           information                                                                                    needed                                                                            to                         perform                                                                                           the                                              piece.                                                                 Unlike                                                                       systems
0
    ;;
f-'iI
    ...,..
               10              implementing                                                                                              General                                                                                       MIDI,                                                                                  the                                           system                                                         and                                  method                                                                                      enable                                creation
    ","
    ""'"
    ~*
                                 and
                                                       modification
                                                                                                                                                                              of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              infinite
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         variety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   custom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 instrument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              non-
    !
    ",.'.
    ~
    .
~
a
                         instrument
                                                                                                                 sounds
                                                                                                                                                                                                  and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       thus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                limited
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     predetermined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       set
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of
,
0                                     128 instruments                                                                                                        (plus                                                                     percussion).                                                                                                                                               Predictable                                                                                                        consumer                                                                           MIDI
.         !
.,.,.
~
                       performance,
                                                                                                                                which
                                                                                                                                                                                                            was
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       hitherto
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   impossible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          achieve,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           now
F'"
         Fj
~
              15
                       rendered
                                                                                                       certain
                                                                                                                                                                         by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       this
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  invention.
                                                                      It
                                                                                                will
                                                                                                                                    be
                                                                                                                                                               further
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         appreciated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               since
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              entire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and
                               method                                                    is                      implemented                                                                                                                  in                                                    software,                                                                                     it    is                                        possible                                                                             to                      maintain                                                  any
                                                                                                .
                                 number                                                   of channels                                                                                                             and' any number                                                                                                                                                                      of tracks,                                                                                    but,                                               of course,                                                           limited
                                      by
                                           processor
                                                                                                                                         speed,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 bandwidth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       memory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               availability.
                20                    Thus,                                      the                             system                                                                 and 'method                                                                                                                                may                                                    include                                                                an                 equal                                                                      number                                             of


                                      channels and tracks so that each channel can be stored on a single

                                       track.

                                                                                  '-
                                                                                 \_-                             '                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -4-
                                                                                                                 I
                                                                                 -J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      '"




                                      I                                                  Iii,                                                                                      ~                    I                                                                                                                                                                   I
                                      I                                                                I,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ~i
                                                                                                                                         ~   ~~
                                                                                                                                                                                                 s
                                                                                                                                                                                                     w                      W!
                                                                                                                           '",~      ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ~
                                                                                                                                                            ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 :;"1




                                                                                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ro
                                                                                   tt.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !W




                                                                                                                       ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             g

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      .;",,;




                                                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               .,..
                                                                                                                           .15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 10
                                                           20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        5
                                                                                                                           manager
                                                                                   of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        editor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               server
I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    --
                                                                                   FIG.
                                                                    ""                                                                       "
                                            """
                                                           system




                                  musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ""
                                                                                                                                                                                                         ""FIG.
                                                                                                         ."",FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                 '""-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             "'"




                   .
                                                                                                                                             FIG.
                                            FIG.                    FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               "FIG.




                                                                                          " ,FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of
                                                                                   1;
                                                           of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ,FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       accordance
                                                                                                                           of
                             ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               FIG.
I!
                   ~~~c)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       FIG.
                           (/_.
                                                                                                                                             5
                                  work;
                                            9
                                                                    8                                    6
                                                                                                                                                                                                         4c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2
                                                                                                                           FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                           FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        uses
                                                                                                                                             is
                                            is                      is
                                                                                                         illustrates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                is                                                  is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        is
                                                                                                                                                                                                         illustrates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2;
                                                           7;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BRIEF
                                                                                                                                             a
                                            a                       a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                a                       a
                                                                                                                           3;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ~---
                                                                                                                                             block
                                            flowchart
l
                                                                    block
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    block
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Pulse
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                block                   block
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               illustrates




                                                                                          7 is a block
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4a illustrates




                                                                                                                                                                FIG. 4d illustrates
                                                                                                         an
                                                                                                                                             diagram                                                                                                                                                                                                                                diagram
                                                                    diagram
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Code
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                diagram                 diagram
                                                                                                                                                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ---




                                                                                                         example
                                                                                                                                                                                                         combined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       present
                                            illustrating
                                                                                          diagram
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Modulation
                                                                                                                                             illustrating                                                                                                                                                                                                                           of
                                                                    illustrating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                illustratin~            illustrating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ---




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               a waveform
                                                                                                         musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DESCRIPTION




1"*.
                           -5-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                OF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       invention;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         sound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    music
                                            a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                THE
                                                                                          illustrating
                                            method
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (PCM)
                                                                                                                                                                                                         editor;
                                                                                                                                             details
                                                                                                         work
                                                                    details
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DRAWINGS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        details
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                details                                             network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               generated




                                                                                          details
                                            for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               by
                                                                                                         file;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        techniques;
                                                                                                                                             of
                                                                    of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of
                                                                                          of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    system
                                            composing
                                                                                                                                                                a sound editor user interface;
                                                                                                                                             the
                                                                    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the                     the
                                                                                          the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    '




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               a digital
                                                                                                                                             work
                                                                    player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                composition             composer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               a sound editor for a synthetic voice;




                                                                                          player
                                            a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               sound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        )'




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       --c'..




                                                                                          client
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PATENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        i



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    i




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            I




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    i




       i
           I
               i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                !




           i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ii
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             I,,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        PATENT
~-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      --
                                                                                    FIG.                                                          10 is a flowchart illustrating details of the FIG. 9 step of
                                                                  '",


                                                    compiling                                                                     the musical work file;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and
                                                                                   FIG.
                                                                                                                                                      11
                                                                                                                                                                                       is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 flowchart
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 illustrating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              method
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       performing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a
                                                  channel                                                of                                       the                                             musical                                                                                  work                                                  file.

                                         5

                                                                                          DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
                                                                                   FIG.
                                                                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                                                                                            is
                                                                                                                                                                                                  a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      block
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         diagram
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        music
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  in
                                                       accordance                                                                                      with                                                 the                                                   present                                                                        invention.                                                                                                                Music                                                                             network                                                                                                                 system                                            100

               .                                    includes                                                                a composer server 110 coupled via a                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              computer                                                                                                                    network                                                    120
            .~
            ;".0'
         W
            :,.~
                                    10
                                                       such
                                                                              as
                                                                                                              the
                                                                                                                                                                 Internet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          client
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                125.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Composer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    server
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            110
            I.?~
                        .,..

            v..,j
      ~,,:i:
                                             receives
                                                                                                                    input
                                                                                                                                                                                        control
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            signals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      representing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       sound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    via
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Musical
     ..,
     ,~
     ""
     ~
                                             Instrument
                                                                                                                                        Digital
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Interface
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (MIDI)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            input
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     device
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              105
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a
     ~
     a

     0                                       conventional synthesizer keyboard, and uses a composer sound
     :",.,j
      ~
                                               output
                                                                                                device
                                                                                                                                                                                 115
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  convert
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   control
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           signals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                sound.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Player
     f"'"




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I
      ~
                                   15
                                             cl;ent
                                                                                          125
                                                                                                                                      may
                                                                                                                                                                                                  receive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              control
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  signals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          from
                                             composer                                                                        server                                                                         110                                                   via                                              computer                                                                                                   network                                                                                          120                                       or                              via                                                     a                       compact




                                               disk                           (CD)                                                    135, and uses a client sound output device 130 to convert
                   ~,
                                                  the
                                                                    control
                                                                                                                                                       signals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           other
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    sound.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                It
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             will
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       appreciated
                               .
                               I
                                                  that the player client                                                                                                                                                                                                    125 may also be connected to a MIDI                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        input


                                    20              device 105, in which case the player client                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                125 can be configured                                                                                                                                                                                                to

                                                       operate as another composer server 110.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I

                                                                                                   '     7'.."":                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             -6-




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ,
                                                              ,
                                                                                                         I~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1,.,",,_,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      i




-                                                 ,,;;;,:;..::"~:~                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PATENT




                                                                                                                                                                                                            '.~                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                -,-




                                                                                                                                                            2 is a block                                                                                                                                                   diagram                                                                                                         illustrating                                                                                                                    details                                                                of composer                                                                                                                                                server
                                                                                  FIG.
                                              110
                                                                 including
                                                                                                                                                                                                             a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Central
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Processing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Unit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (CPU)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    205,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Intel
                                       Pentium@
                                                                                                                                              microprocessor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Motorola
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Power
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         PC@
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        microprocessor,
                     5                 coupled                                                               to a signal                                                                                                                                                            bus 225.                                                                                                     Composer                                                                                                                                   server                                                               110 further                                                                                                                                                          comprises
                                       a
                                                     Random
                                                                                                                                                                    Access
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Memory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (RAM)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               210,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Graphical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     User
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Interface
                                         (GUI)                                                  215 which                                                                                                                                         includes                                                                                    input                                                                                        devices                                                                  such as a keyboard                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                and a
                                      mouse
                                                                                                      and
                                                                                                                                                                             an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       output
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          device
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Cathode
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ray
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Tube
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (CRT)
                                      display, and a disk drive 220, each coupled via signal bus 225 to
        0
        ~
                10
                                       CPU
                                                                                         205.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Composer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   server
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                110
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   further
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 includes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          communications
        ~.;
    ~
                                interface
                                                                                                                                        230
                                                                                                                                                                                                             coupled
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            between
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  signal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           bus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     225
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   computer
    ;!"i
    ""

    OJ
    Q
                            network
                                                                                                             120
                                                                                                                                                                                             (FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 storage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      device
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 235
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       a
    ,
    0                    magnetic disk coupled to signal bus 225.
    "'J
    ~
                                                                             An
                                                                                                                            operating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              260
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       includes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           program
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         controls
    F
    ~
              15
                         processing
                                                                                                                                                               by
                                                                                                                                                                                                             CPU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             205,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      typically
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        stored
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               storage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    device
                            235
                                                              and
                                                                                                                   loaded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                into
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    RAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              210
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      execution.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             composition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           system
                              240 contains programs for creating synthesizer files                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         such as a sound

                              bank 250, a sample bank 252 and an effect bank 254, programs for

                                   using the synthesizer                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           files                                                     to generate music sequences, programs

               20                  for                        synthesizing                                                                                                                                                                       music                                                                from                                                     the                                                          sequences,                                                                                                                            and                                   programs                                                                                                                                                for


                                      generating                                                                                                                     an integral                                                                                                                   musical work file 255 to be forwarded                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            to the
                                   player
                                                                                                client
                                                                                                                                                                                                     125.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Composition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 240
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           also
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         stored
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -7-


                                                                                                            \.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ._"~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Co
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  --
                                                                                                                                                                                 0
                                                                                                                                                  F                        "-!                   !   :)        W   ;,Ii   !/'-
                                                                                                                                                      ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ~j
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ~                  ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 "'"
                                                                                                                                                                    ',,;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           "'"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       i
                                                                                                      ~
                                                   20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5
                         device
                                                   system
                                                                                                                                                                                                     chorus,                                      parameters
                                                                                                                                                      synthesizer                some
                                                                                RAM         and                                                                                                                                                                     Effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           meow,     containing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  location
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             storage         sounds                   CPO    data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           235




                                      signal
                                                                                            also
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             storage
                                                                 FIG.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 205.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Sound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           or
           ~
                                                                                210                                                                                              predetermined
                     ;
      ".
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    bank
                         105.
           v                                       240,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             needed
                                                                                                                                                                                                     etc.,
               (
                     "
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             device
                                      bus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           at
                                                                                            may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           water
               '
                                                                                for
                                                                 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     audio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  computer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  for
                                                                                                                                                      driver
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         bank
                                                   which                                                                                                                                                                                                            254
                                                                                                                                                                                                     and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             device
                                      225
                                                                 is
                         These
                                                                                                      15 themusical
                                                                                execution
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           some
                                                                                            be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             235
                                                                 a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  creatin                                                  drop,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     clips
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    is
                                                                                                                                                                                                     may
                                                                 block
                                                                                            stored
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         250
                                      (FIG.
                                                                                                                                                      245
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the
                                                   includes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             235
                         input
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             but
                                                                                                                                                                                 location
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           etc.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 g
                                                                                                                                                                                                     also                                                                                                            of
                                      2)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             composer,
                                                                                                                                                      is
                                                                                by
                                                                 diagram
                                                                                            in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     specific
                                                                                                                       on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           predetermined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         a
                                      for
                         control
                                                                                                                                                      a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    file
                                                                                                                                                                                                     be
                                                                                CPO
                                                                                            data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         data
                                                   a
                                                                                                                                                      program
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             loaded
                                                                                                                                                                                 in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  120.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     stored
                                                   synthesizer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    containing
                                                                                205.
                                                                 illustrating
                                                                                                                                                                                 computer
                                                                                            storage                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      file
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     sounds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 effects
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             stored
               -8-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and
                         signals
I
                                      processing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           location
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sample
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             into
                                                                                                                                                                                                     in                                                                                                                                                                  containing
                                                                                                                                                      for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           stored
                                                                                                                                                                                                     data
                                                                                            device
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             typically
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             RAM
                         may
                                                                                                                                                      controlling
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    effect
                                                   engine
                                      input
                                                                                                                                                                                 network
                                                                                                                               sound
                                                                 details                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     some
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  bank
                                                                                                                                                                                                     storage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 as
                         include
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             210
                                                                                            235
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    algorithms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           computer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           data
                                      control
                                                   305
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  252        predetermined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 reverberation,
                                                                                                                 sequencecomposer output
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             stored
                                                                 of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     dog's                                               least
                                                                                                                                                                                 120.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             for
                                                                                            and
                                                                                                                                                                                                     device
                                                                                                                                                      performance
                                                                 composition
                                                   coupled
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           storage
                         instrument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             execution
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         the
                                                                                            loaded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     bark,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a
                                      signals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             in
                                                                                                                                       device
                                                                                                                                                                                 A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           network
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    and
~-,                                                                                                                                                                                                  235
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         instrument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             data
                                                                                                               (FIG.
                                                                                                                                            115
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           device
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a
                                                   to
                                      from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    effect
                                                                                            into
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  file
                                                                                                                                                                                                     or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     cat's
                                                                                                                                                      of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           120.                                                                                              by
                                                                                                               1),
                                                                                                                                                                                                     at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         PATENT




                                      input
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I
~
                                                                                                              ~~--
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ~-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ~-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           :
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     PATENT




                                             sound selections,                                                                                                                      music sequence data, initial                                                                                                                                                                                                                               topology                                                                                   such as initial

                                             mix and effect parameters, and topology                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              changes such as mix and

                                       effect                                                                parameter                                                                    changes.

                                                                                             Synthesizer engine 305 via sequencer 325 converts, the input

                       5               control signals or sequence control signals to a raw musical data 330
                                          audio
                                                                                             sequence.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Synthesizer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           engine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        305
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       processes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          raw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           musical
                                    data 330 audio sequence based on the composer's                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  instrument                                                                                     sound

                                          selections, and delivers the processed sequence to mixer                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      310.                                                Mixer

                                       310 uses the initial                                                                                                                                                         topology                                                               information                                                                                                 to configure                                                                                                                 mixer                                            310 and
    0
    ~"
                                       the musical effects 313 such as reverb 315 and chorus 320.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Example
    ~~
    rn             10
    \:'..
    ;.,c
    ~
                               mix
                                                                                 variables
                                                                                                                                                    for
                                                                                                                                                                                                      a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    stereo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      mixer.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             include
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               synthesizer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         volume,
    I"
    ;J,
    ~
                               synthesizer
                                                                                                                                   pan,
                                                                                                                                                                    audio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      volume,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             audio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pan,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          a~dio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          reverb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                send,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          audio
    ~
    ;0




    0                       chorus send, reverb return level, reverb return balance, chorus
    '".1
    .                                                                                                                          ,
    ~
                           return
                                                                                                    level,
                                                                                                                                           chorus
                                                                                                                                                                                                           return
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           balance,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     etc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  It
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  will
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     appreciated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            that
    !'.-'-
    ~
                  15
                              the
                                                               characteristics
                                                                                                                                                                                                      of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             reverb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    315
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              chorus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         320
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   defined
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the
             ."
                            effect
                                                                                             algorithms
                                                                                                                                                                            contained
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      bank
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   254,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  created
                               or
                                                      edited
                                                                                                                          by
                                                                                                                                               an
                                                                                                                                                          effects
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                editor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          322.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       composer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         via
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MIDI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        input
          co.                  device                                                                         105 may                                                       modify                                                                       the effect                                                                  parameters                                                                                                to modify                                                                                                the effects

                                  313.                                                       Mixer                                             310 then mixes the effects 313 into the processed raw

                  20              musical data 330 audio sequence, and forwards                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the mix to

                                    synthesizer                                                                                           driver                                                       245 for conversion                                                                                                                                                        to sound.



                                                                                                  j


                                                                                                          ,           i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -9-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -              I




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I
                                                  ,                                                                  ,,                                                                 I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                '
                                             hi...                                                                   II                                                                 I                                                                                                                                        I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       "".,-0,;,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           /
--
                                        ~
                                                                                                                                                                                          ~---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  "
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       'C'".
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         '
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PATENT


                                                                                    Synthesizer                                                                                                                                                       engine 305 also forwards                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           to sequencer 325 the

                                                              input                 control                                                                                                      signals                                                                                                   representing                                                                                                                                                                         the MIDI-based                                                                                                                                                                                                             musical                                                                                                   sequenc~s

                                                             and topology                                                                                                                        changes created by a composer.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Sequencer 325

                                                          compiles                                                                            and stores the signals in a predetermined                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         time- based

                                        5
                                                          format
                                                                                           as
                                                                                                                                                     raw
                                                                                                                                                                                                           musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    330,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   stored
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      storage
                                                          device
                                                                                     235
                                                                                                                                                                            or
                                                                                                                                                                                                          on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             compact
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      disk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,135.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sequencer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       325
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          preferably
                                                          includes                                                           a sequencer editor 335 for enabling                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  modifications                                                                                                                                                                      such as

                                                          cut, paste, repeat, modify                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   instrument                                                                                                                                               sound selection,                                                                                                                                                                                       change pitch,
          r,
                                                          change
                                                                                                topology,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           etc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      stored
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        raw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            330.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Synthesizer
             ,,"-e:'


          """
          '1.1               ,
          ro                       10                   engine                             305                                                                                      can                                         retrieve                                                                                             the                                                   modified                                                                                                                             raw                                                  musical                                                                                                         data                                                                      330                                                   for




                   .'"




          'kl
     ~.,I.
                                                conversion
                                                                                                                                                                via
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 mixer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     310
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       sound.
     iJ'" ,
               .
                         ~
     =-~
     0
                                                                            Input
                                                                                                                                                                          control
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          signals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            also
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      include
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            links,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         which
     "
     0
                                            reference
                                                                                                                                              work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         link
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           such
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   previously
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 created
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            sounds,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           effects,
     ':,J
     5                   -
     ;:
                                                samples,
                                                                                                                          etc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       link
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      stored
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       locations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   anywhere
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in
               i'"
     ~
                                 15
                                            network
                                                                                                                    system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  100.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Accordingly,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               incorporate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              instrument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            sounds,
                                                synthesizer                                                                                                                             engine                                                                      305                                                                   retrieves                                                                                                                                             the                                            composer-selected                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              instruments

                                                sounds                                 either                                                                                                    from                                                     local                                                                           sound                                                                            bank 250 or from                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the locations                                                                                                                                                                          in

                                                   system                                             100 referenced                                                                                                                                                                                              by work                                                                                                                              links.                                                                                                Similarly,                                                                                                                     to incorporate

                                                   samples,                                                                           the                                                        synthesizer                                                                                                                                        engine                                                                                                  305                                                                 retrieves                                                                                                             the                                                   samples                                                                                                                  either
                                 20
                                                from
                                                                      the
                                                                                                                                      local
                                                                                                                                                                                                               sample
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           bank
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  252
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 locations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     100
                                                referenced
                                                                                                                                                           by
                                                                                                                                                                                                 work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    links.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             To
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              incorporate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               effects,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            synthesizer
                                              engine
                                                                                     305
                                                                                                                                                                            retrieves
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          effects
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 local
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  bank
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      254
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ..
                                                                                                                \
                                                                                                                                                                 \
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -lO-
                                                                                                                                  t
                                                                                                                                                                      \
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               '-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      -
                                                              I
                                                                                                            i
                                                                                                                             .i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ;;;:"                                        ..or";:'::;




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     --~c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ""':':-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ,,-":,--
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     .                  PATENT



                                          from                                       the                                               locations                                                                                        in                       system                                                                             100                                                                    referenced                                                                             by                              work                                                         links.


                                            Synthesizer                                                                                                                                engine 305 temporarily                                                                                                                                                                                                                               stores work                                                                                                   linked                                                                                            sounds into

                                          sound bank 250, work linked effects into effect bank 254 and work

                                      linked                                                                      samples into sample bank 252 for easy and efficient                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         playback.

                       5                                                                      Composition                                                                                                                               system                                                                      240                                                     further                                                                            includes                                                                       a sound                                                                                                       editor                             340


                                   coupled to sound bank 250 for enabling a composer to add

                                     instrument                                                                                                                           sounds                                                        to,                               delete                                                                   instrument                                                                                                                          sounds                                                     from                                                         or                                            modify


                                     instrument                                                                                                             sounds                                                             contained                                                                                                     in                                       sound                                                            bank                                             250.                                                        Creating                                                                                         and


            .
     ~~
                                modifying
                                                                                                                                                        instrument
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 sounds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               implemented
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               processing
    .
    '="
    ."'"


    =
    ~
                  10
                                   sounds
                                                                                                                      synthetically,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         digitally
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               modifying
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               sound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        sample
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a
    ~!J
    ~
                               combined
                                                                                                                                       method.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Sound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         editor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           340
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             is'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       described
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 greater
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              detail'
iI'i

f!'\
~
                            with
                                                           reference
                                                                                                                                                                                             to
                                                                                                                                                                                                           FIGs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4a,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4b,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4d.
!,."I


51
U
                                                                                Composition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             240
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     also
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 includes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   manager
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        345
.,.!

          "'1\
~
                           which
                                                                                                     reformats,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     imports
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          exports
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       sound
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              bank
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     250,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            sample
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      bank
~
                 15
                           252,
                                                                       effect
                                                                                                                                                                              bank
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   254
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   raw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        330
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   into
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            predetermined
                           file
                                                 format,
                                                                                                                                                                                     and
                                                                                                                                                                                                  stores
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              re-formatted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          musical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    file
                           255.                                                                      Work                                                                                  manager                                                         345                                                     further                                                                                       maintains                                                                          file                                          legitimacy,                                                                                                            allows

                           real-time                                                                                                   edit                                                  buffering                                                                                   and                                                 file                                      maintenance,                                                                                                                                    and                               in                                general                                                                            allows


                             updated industry                                                                                                                                                                        standard tools to export                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      their data into the present

                 20            system 100 without                                                                                                                                                                                                the responsibility                                                                                                                                                                                         of maintaining                                                                                                                                 the integrity                                                                                         of

                               musical work file 255.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Work manager 345 is described in greater
                            detail
                                                                                              with
                                                                                                                                                                 reference
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  FIG.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5.
                                                                                                                                                                          .                ..,
                                                                                                                  \
                                                                                                                                                 ..~,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -11';
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             /
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            !
                                                                       ~
                                                                                                                                                                                    ~---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PATENT


                                                                       Because,                                                                                      in                        addition                                              to                                  the                        raw           musical                                                          data                            330,                                    musical                                    work

                                        file                    255                                includes                                                                                    sound                                     bank 250,                                                                       sample                        bank 252                                                                                     and effect                                                        bank

                                        254,                      musical                                                                          system                                                       100                                 provides                                                             all      the                 information                                                                                                    needed                                      to


                                        perform                                                    the                       musical                                                                            piece.                                                    Thus,                                          system                        independence                                                                                                        is                              achieved.

                     5                  That                      is,                              unlike                                                             systems                                                                implementing                                                                         standard                                                                          MIDI,                                            composition


                                        system                                         240                                   forwards                                                                             data                                    representing                                                                        the                                      instrument                                                                          sounds                                     and

                                        topology                                                   information                                                                                                  needed                                                    to                          perform                                 the                                      piece.                                       Unlike                                                                 systems

                                        implementing                                                                                                   General                                                    MIDI,                                                                  composition                                                  system                                                             240                                         enables'

     .::.";t-
     , 1                                creation                                                   and                             modification                                                                                                     of                          an                     infinite                               variety                                                               of             custom                                                                  instrument
     ;"'"
     ...,.


     ro          10                     or non-instrument                                                                                                                                      sounds                                               and thus                                                              is not                           limited                                                        to                         a predetermined
    .iJ
    "'"
 ~
                                  set
                                                           of
                                                                           128