Geo_ Orien_ Archaic PPT

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					Get papers from the front of the
room and get ready for a
reading quiz 
The Rise of
Ancient Greece

• Mycenaean civilization ends in 1100 B.C.E.
  ▫ Accomplishments of the previous era were
    forgotten.
• 1000 B.C.E., mainland Greeks formed a new
  civilization
  ▫ Geometric Period: 1000-700 B.C.E.
  ▫ Orientalizing Period: 700-600 B.C.E.
  ▫ Archaic Period: 600-480 B.C.E.
• Artistic, cultural, and political foundations of
  modern Western civilization are laid.
Sculpture During These Periods
• Geometric: fascination for human anatomy and
  how to present such figures.
  ▫ Upper Torso: more anatomical naturalism
  ▫ From the shoulders to the stomach, the artist is
    engaged in a more realistic depiction of the male
    figure.
• Archaic: fascination for making figure with a
  clearly defined musculature
  ▫ Figures are shown naked
  ▫ Natural representation of the body
  ▫ Men naked; women clothed
What period?
• Natural representation
  shown through curve
  of the body
  ▫ lower torsos used to
    shown human form

• Tension of battle
  shown in arms

• SENSE of volume and
  natural movement
What period?

• Body that has clear
  musculature

• Naked

• Arms are carved
  freely
What period?
The Rise of Greece Stations
• Travel to three
  posters
• Stay with a color
• No more than three in
  a group
• Answer questions on
  notebook paper
• Complete a sketch of
  the image on the
  sheet provided
• 10 minutes
The Geometric Period
• 1) The evidence of visual art from this period is
  derived from what form of visual art?
• 2) When communities developed during this time,
  what was their form of government?
• 3) What did the Greek polis provide modern
  civilizations?
• 4) How is the geometric style distinguished?
• 5) Why is the Krater of terra cotta significant?
• 6) The pinched waist can be found in what two
  subjects regardless of artistic form?
The Orientalizing Period

• 1) Why did Greece contact surrounding
  civilizations during this time?
• 2) What linguistic revolution occurred during
  this time?
• 3) The Levy Oinochoe is an example of pottery
  from this period. What Egyptian and
  Mesopotamian influences can be seen in this
  work?
• 4) Describe Corinthain ware.
• 5) What are some characteristics of the olpe.
The Archaic Period

• 1) What was the most important task of the artists
  during this period?
• 2) Describe black-figure style.
• 3) Why do the lines not flow readily in black figure
  pieces?
• 4) What dominates vase decoration for over the next
  centuries?
• 5) Describe the red figure technique.
• 6) How does Euxitheos and Euphronios’s Death of
  Sarpedon show the growing sophistication of Greek
  pottery?
 Architecture
• Temples
 ▫ Three basic
   parts:
    Platform

    Colonnade

    Entablature
Temple Architecture
 • Platform:

  ▫ crepidoma/crepis
     3 visible steps of
      the plat form

  ▫ stylobate, base of
    columns, is the
    top step
Temple Architecture
• Columns
 ▫ Peristyle- colonnade
   surrounding all four
   sides of the temple
 ▫ Columns consist of a
   shaft (center part) that
   tapers upward
 ▫ Fluted:
    carved vertical ridges
 ▫ Capital:
    top of column
Temple Architecture
• Entablature
 ▫ Architraves:
    area
     immediately
     above the
     capitals
 ▫ Frieze:
    band of
     ornamental
     carvings
 ▫ Pediment:
    Triangular
    Surrounded by a
     cornice
Temple of Hera I @ Paestum
 • Doric- earliest style of Greek
   Temple
  • Simple, severe, lack of
    ornamentation
 • Characteristic of Temple of
   Hera I
   ▫ local limestone
   ▫ close columns
   ▫ high heavy entablature
   ▫ Abrupt transition- shaft to
     capital
   ▫ Entasis- bulge in column
   ▫ Proportions of harmony?
Exit Slip: What is beauty?
 • Ideals of physical beauty-
   male and female- vary
   greatly from one culture and
   time period to another. That
   of the slender Cycladic
   woman contrasts strikingly
   with the curves of the Greek
   feminine ideal seen in the
   kore of 520 BCE. These early
   female figures may be
   compared with later versions
   of female beauty as seen in
   Botticelli’s sensuously fluid
   Venus, Manet’s Olympia,
   and Rodin’s realistically
   depicted woman in The Kiss.
Exit Slip: What is beauty?
 • Curiously, the angular,
   segmented, two-dimensional
   body of the Cycladic female
   figure has less in common with
   these substantial feminine
   images than with more modern
   figures, such as Picasso’s 1907
   Demoiselles d’Avignon, and
   more recently, with
   contemporary fashion models,
   whose slim bodies and angular
   features adorn the covers of
   popular women’s magazines.
• Previously quoted passage from Arts and
  Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities-
  Combined Volume- Second edition by Janetta
  Rebold Benton and Robert Di Yanni.
 • Found on pg. 67
• Extra Resources for lesson: Donald Duck in
  Mathematics Land

				
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posted:10/20/2011
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