Get papers from the front of the
room and get ready for a
The Rise of
• Mycenaean civilization ends in 1100 B.C.E.
▫ Accomplishments of the previous era were
• 1000 B.C.E., mainland Greeks formed a new
▫ Geometric Period: 1000-700 B.C.E.
▫ Orientalizing Period: 700-600 B.C.E.
▫ Archaic Period: 600-480 B.C.E.
• Artistic, cultural, and political foundations of
modern Western civilization are laid.
Sculpture During These Periods
• Geometric: fascination for human anatomy and
how to present such figures.
▫ Upper Torso: more anatomical naturalism
▫ From the shoulders to the stomach, the artist is
engaged in a more realistic depiction of the male
• Archaic: fascination for making figure with a
clearly defined musculature
▫ Figures are shown naked
▫ Natural representation of the body
▫ Men naked; women clothed
• Natural representation
shown through curve
of the body
▫ lower torsos used to
shown human form
• Tension of battle
shown in arms
• SENSE of volume and
• Body that has clear
• Arms are carved
The Rise of Greece Stations
• Travel to three
• Stay with a color
• No more than three in
• Answer questions on
• Complete a sketch of
the image on the
• 10 minutes
The Geometric Period
• 1) The evidence of visual art from this period is
derived from what form of visual art?
• 2) When communities developed during this time,
what was their form of government?
• 3) What did the Greek polis provide modern
• 4) How is the geometric style distinguished?
• 5) Why is the Krater of terra cotta significant?
• 6) The pinched waist can be found in what two
subjects regardless of artistic form?
The Orientalizing Period
• 1) Why did Greece contact surrounding
civilizations during this time?
• 2) What linguistic revolution occurred during
• 3) The Levy Oinochoe is an example of pottery
from this period. What Egyptian and
Mesopotamian influences can be seen in this
• 4) Describe Corinthain ware.
• 5) What are some characteristics of the olpe.
The Archaic Period
• 1) What was the most important task of the artists
during this period?
• 2) Describe black-figure style.
• 3) Why do the lines not flow readily in black figure
• 4) What dominates vase decoration for over the next
• 5) Describe the red figure technique.
• 6) How does Euxitheos and Euphronios’s Death of
Sarpedon show the growing sophistication of Greek
▫ Three basic
3 visible steps of
the plat form
▫ stylobate, base of
columns, is the
▫ Peristyle- colonnade
surrounding all four
sides of the temple
▫ Columns consist of a
shaft (center part) that
carved vertical ridges
top of column
Surrounded by a
Temple of Hera I @ Paestum
• Doric- earliest style of Greek
• Simple, severe, lack of
• Characteristic of Temple of
▫ local limestone
▫ close columns
▫ high heavy entablature
▫ Abrupt transition- shaft to
▫ Entasis- bulge in column
▫ Proportions of harmony?
Exit Slip: What is beauty?
• Ideals of physical beauty-
male and female- vary
greatly from one culture and
time period to another. That
of the slender Cycladic
woman contrasts strikingly
with the curves of the Greek
feminine ideal seen in the
kore of 520 BCE. These early
female figures may be
compared with later versions
of female beauty as seen in
Botticelli’s sensuously fluid
Venus, Manet’s Olympia,
and Rodin’s realistically
depicted woman in The Kiss.
Exit Slip: What is beauty?
• Curiously, the angular,
body of the Cycladic female
figure has less in common with
these substantial feminine
images than with more modern
figures, such as Picasso’s 1907
Demoiselles d’Avignon, and
more recently, with
contemporary fashion models,
whose slim bodies and angular
features adorn the covers of
popular women’s magazines.
• Previously quoted passage from Arts and
Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities-
Combined Volume- Second edition by Janetta
Rebold Benton and Robert Di Yanni.
• Found on pg. 67
• Extra Resources for lesson: Donald Duck in