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Science Vocabulary Georgia Habitats

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									Science Vocabulary
 Georgia Habitats
     Third Grade
      T. Adams
► Mountain:   a high, raised part of Earth’s
  surface
► Piedmont: An area, with many hills, located
  between the mountains and the coastal plain.
► Coastal plain: An area of low, flat land near an
  ocean.
► Wetland: Land that is covered with water most
  of the time.
► Ecosystem: All the living and nonliving things
  that interact in a place.
► Habitat: The place where a plant or animal
  lives.
Ecosystem: All the living and nonliving things
                     that interact in a place.

►   The plants and animals that are found in a particular location are referred to as
    an ecosystem. These plants and animals depend on each other to survive. In a
    delicate balance, these life forms help to sustain one another in regular
    patterns. Disruptions to an ecosystem can be disastrous to all organisms within
    the ecosystem.




                               http://www.kidsgeo.com/geography-for-kids/0164-ecosystems.php
Habitat: The place where a plant or animal
                  lives.
Mountain: a high, raised part of Earth’s
               surface
      Mountain Habitats in Georgia
►   Georgia’s mountains are located in North Georgia. They get more rain
    and snow than any other part of the state. The mountains can be
    warm in summer, but temperatures often drop below freezing in the
    winter.
►   The animals that live in the mountains must be able to survive cold
    winters. Bobcats and skunks grow more fur in winter to help t hem
    stay warm. Bats hibernate in mountain caves. Many animals like
    snakes and turtles, are less active during winter. Most birds migrate
    south for the winter. Red squirrels are only found in pine forests in the
    mountains, and smoky shrews live in burrows in the Blue Ridge
    Mountains.
►   Mountain soil is very rocky and shallow. Where the soil is only a few
    inches deep, grasses, wildflowers, and small shrubs grow. Where
    there is deeper soil, forests of oaks, maples, poplars, and beeches
    cover the land.
 Piedmont: An area, with many hills, located
between the mountains and the coastal plain.
      Georgia’s Piedmont Habitat
► The piedmont is the region just south of the mountains. It
  has many rolling hills. A thick layer of red clay soil covers
  much of the piedmont. Many streams and small rivers run
  through the region.
► Before many people settled in Georgia, the piedmont had
  mostly oak and hickory trees. Now the forests are mostly
  pine trees. Sweet gums, beeches, maples, elms, and
  birches still grow near the rivers.
► The animals that live in this habitat are birds, chipmunks,
  deer, fox, squirrels, and white-footed mice. Spotted
  salamanders survive in the forests by eating worms,
  insects, and snails. In fields and pastures, you can find
  butterflies, birds, foxes, and coyotes.
► In the rivers of the piedmont region, there are shoal bass,
  sunfish, and catfish. Beavers build dams and lodges on
  the smaller streams.
Coastal plain: An area of low, flat land near
                 an ocean.
  Georgia’s Coastal Plain Habitat
► The land is flat and the soils are sandy. Compared to
  other regions in Georgia, it has mild winters and hot
  summers. This is where the coastal plain meets the
  ocean. Salty spray from the ocean covers the beaches
  and sand dunes. Only a few plants, such as sea oats
  and beach grass can survive the salty sand.
► Sweet gum, magnolia, bay, and hickory trees grow
  along streams. In the flatwoods of the coastal plain
  grow pine, live oak, saw palmetto, wax myrtle, and
  wiregrass.
► Deer, bobcats, eastern diamondback rattlesnakes,
  skunks, opossums, raccoons, quail, and many
  songbirds live there.
Wetland: Land that is covered
 with water most of the time
      Georgia’s Wetland Habitat
► Wetlands   are found in every region of Georgia.
  (Bogs are found in the mountains, marshes are
  found near the coast, and swamps are found on
  the coastal plain.)
► Mountain bogs, piedmont marshes, and swamps in
  the coastal plain are all types of wetlands. The
  soil is usually wet and spongy. Many wetland
  plants, such as waterlillies, have long stems that
  grow under water.
► Many animals had adaptations for living in
  wetlands. Some ducks dive under water to get
  food. Alligators can stay under water for a long
  time without breathing.
Can you use these vocabulary words
          in a sentence?
►   Mountain: a high, raised part of Earth’s surface
►   Piedmont: An area, with many hills, located between the
    mountains and the coastal plain.
►   Coastal plain: An area of low, flat land near an ocean.
►   Wetland: Land that is covered with water most of the
    time.
►   Ecosystem: All the living and nonliving things that interact
    in a place.
►   Habitat: The place where a plant or animal lives.

								
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