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SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS

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					    SCIENTIFIC SKILLS

SCIENCE           MANIPULATIVE
PROCESS           SKILLS
SKILLS


             INTEGRATED
 BASIC
          SCIENCE PROCESS
SCIENCE
                SKILLS
PROCESS
 SKILLS
        WHAT ARE THEY?
Skills which enable
 students to formulate
 their questions and find
 out the answers
 systematically
 SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS

   BASIC          INTEGRATED

OBSERVING       USING SPACE-TIME
                   RELATIONSHIP
CLASSIFYING
               INTERPRETING DATA
MEASURING AND       DEFINING
USING NUMBERS     OPERATIONALLY
INFERRING   CONTROLLING VARIABLES
PREDICTING       HYPOTHESISING
COMMUNICATING         EXPERIMENTING
SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS
  Science Process Skills
enable students to formulate their questions
  and find out the answers systematically
          OBSERVING

Using the sense of
  hearing, touching,
smelling, tasting and
   seeing to collect
information about an
     object or a
    phenomenon.
           CLASSIFYING

Using observations to group objects or events
  according to similarities and differences.
            CLASSIFYING

Using observations to group objects or events
  according to similarities and differences.




 Non living things         Living things
MEASURING & USING
    NUMBERS
    Making quantitative observations
    using numbers and tools with
    standardised units. Measuring
    makes observation more accurate.
          INFERRING
Using past experiences or
previously collected data to
draw conclusions and make
explanations of events.

Is it true?
                     It must have
                     rained.




                                    WET ROAD
    PREDICTING

• Stating the outcome
  of a future event
  based on prior
  knowledge gained
  through experiences
  or collected data.
      PREDICTING

•   Activity 1

Plan an experiment that use
  skill of Basic and
  Intergrated SPS

One or two representative
  from the class
       COMMUNICATING
Using words or graphic symbols such as
  tables, graphs, figures or models to
  describe an action, object or event.
       USING SPACE-TIME
         RELATIONSHIP
Describing changes
in parameter with
time. Examples of
parameters are
location, direction,
shape, size, volume,
weight & mass.
INTERPRETING DATA
          Giving rational
          explanations about an
          object, event or
          pattern derived from
          collected data.
 DEFINING OPERATIONALLY
Defining all variables as
they are used in the
experiment by
describing what must be
done and what should
be observed.
           CONTROLLING
            VARIABLES
    Identifying the fixed
  variables, manipulated
variables, and responding
        variable in an
     investigation. This
  manipulated variable is
  changed to observe its
   relationship with the
  responding variable. At
 the same time, the fixed
variable is kept constant.
HYPOTHESISING
        Making a general
      statement about the
     relationship between a
    manipulated variable and
    a responding variable to
       explain an event or
        observation. This
    statement can be tested
    to determine its validity.
EXPERIMENTING
           Planning and
       conducting activities
         to test a certain
        hypothesis. These
         activities include
       collecting, analysing
       and interpreting data
            and making
           conclusions.
        MANIPULATIVE SKILLS
 Psychomotor skills that enables students to:
• Use and handle
  science apparatus and
  specimens correctly
  and carefully,
• Draw apparatus,
  specimens and
  laboratory substances
  accurately,
• Clean and store
  science apparatus and
  laboratory substances
  correctly and safely.
                   THINKING SKILLS

      CRITICAL                                 CREATIVE
•   Attributing                          •   Generating ideas
•   Comparing & Contrast                 •   Relating
•   Grouping & Classifying               •   Making inferences
•   Sequencing                           •   Predicting
•   Priortising                          •   Making hypotheses
                             REASONING
•   Analysing                            •   Synthesising
•   Detecting bias                       •   Making generalisations
•   Evaluating                           •   Visualising
•   Making conclusions                   •   Making analogies
                                         •   Inventing


                 THINKING STRATEGIES
    *Conceptualising    *Making decisions *Problem solving

				
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posted:10/20/2011
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