Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources

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					Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander perspectives resources
Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings



October 2011
        What are the Essential Learnings?
        The Essential Learnings identify what should be taught and what is important for students to have
        opportunities to know, understand and be able to do.
        The components of the Essential Learnings are:
         Learning and assessment focus
         Ways of working
         Knowledge and understanding.


        How are Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Perspectives
        embedded in the Essential Learnings?
        Across the suite of the Essential Learnings, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander knowledges and
        ways of working have been embedded. The following table highlights where Indigenous
        perspectives have been included in the Essential Learnings, presents some ideas for relevant
        learning experiences and links to useful web-based resources. Always remember, however, that
        these are not the only opportunities to embed Indigenous perspectives in the curriculum. Some
        resources are suitable for use with students, others are for teachers‘ background information.
        This resource is recommended for use hand-in-hand with consultation with the local Aboriginal or
        Torres Strait Islander community.
        All web addresses were correct at the time of publication.




        Contents
        Science ............................................ 3
        English ............................................. 7
        SOSE ............................................... 11
        Technology ...................................... 19
        The Arts ........................................... 21




2   |      Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
Science

Essential Learnings by the end of Years 3, 5, 7 and 9
Science has five organisers:
 Science as a human endeavour
 Earth and beyond
 Energy and change
 Life and living
 Natural and processed materials.
Select Knowledge and understanding (K&U) from one or more of these organisers. For example,
when using Knowledge and understanding from Science as a human endeavour, use it with
Knowledge and understanding from one or more of the other organisers. This helps situate
science in real-world contexts.
The Ways of working in science reflect the processes of working scientifically and should be used
in conjunction with the Knowledge and understanding to help students construct an
understanding of the discipline-specific processes and knowledges.

Science — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 3

 Essential Learnings             Example learning experience
 K&U                             Identify and collect evidence that the timing of animal breeding
                                 behaviour is a sign of seasonal change e.g. crocodile nesting, turtle
 Science as a human              nesting, magpie and plover attacks.
 endeavour
 Science is a part of everyday   Example online resource
 activities and experiences.     This site offers a path into the way Indigenous Australians view the
  Australian Indigenous         weather and climate of Australia. It provides knowledge of plant and
   knowledge of natural          animal cycles, and contains details of the intricate connections
   phenomena has                 between these, which Aboriginal people have observed over
   developed over time as a      thousands of years and passed down from generation to generation.
   result of people observing,   <www.bom.gov.au/iwk/climate_culture/Clim_Cult.shtml>
   investigating and testing
   in everyday life.
                                 Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                                 The Australian fauna website offers an alphabetical list of Australian
                                 animals and descriptions and information about them.
                                 <http://www.australianfauna.com/>
                                 The ABC‘s Lost Seasons site discusses the validity of Indigenous
                                 weather knowledge and information on the sort of signs Indigenous
                                 people use to tell if a season is changing.
                                 <http://www.abc.net.au/science/features/indigenous/>




                                                            Queensland Studies Authority October 2011     |   3
        Science — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 5

        Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
        K&U                                   Investigate and collect information about Aboriginal and Torres Strait
                                              Islander people‘s use of plants for medicinal purposes and compare
         Science as a human                   with Western remedies e.g. for coughs and colds, influenza, skin
         endeavour                            ailments or wart removal.
         Science relates to students‘
         own experiences and                 Example online resource
         activities in the community.         World Wide Wattle provides information on traditional uses of
                                              Australian acacias.
          Cultures from around the
                                              <www.worldwidewattle.com/infogallery/utilisation/aboriginal.php>
           world, including those of
           Aboriginal people and              This site has extensive information on plants used by Australian
           Torres Strait Islander             Aborigines. <//www.anbg.gov.au/anbg/aboriginal-trail.html>
           people, have contributed           Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people have used
           to scientific                      natural materials as dyes, glues and sealants for hundreds of years.
           understanding.
                                              This resource produced by Catholic Education South Australia
                                              provides information on Aboriginal peoples‘ use of natural materials
                                              such as resins, gums and nuts.
                                              <http://online.cesanet.adl.catholic.edu.au/docushare/dsweb/
                                              Get/Document-8308/Combined+pracs+plus+images.doc>
                                             Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                                              This site offers an Internet Web Quest on Aboriginal Use of Native
                                              Plants.<http://science.uniserve.edu.au/school/quests/
                                              nativeplants.html>
                                              History of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander textiles, Powerhouse
                                              Museum: <www.powerhousemuseum.com/hsc/paperbark/
                                              history.htm#map>
                                              Questacon Online website offers a page titled Aboriginal technology
                                              which has information about labour-saving technologies that
                                              Aboriginal Australians have invented.
                                              <http://www.questacon.edu.au/indepth/clever/aboriginal_
                                              technology.html>




4   |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
Science — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7

Essential Learnings              Example learning experience
K&U                              Reflect on Indigenous and non-Indigenous views on sustainability,
                                 environmental management and conservation.
 Science as a human
 endeavour                       Investigate Australian organisations that work in partnership with
                                 Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people on projects in these
 Science impacts on people,      areas.
 their environment and their
 communities.                    Example online resource
  Different cultures,           The Wet Tropics Management Authority is one organisation that
   including those of            works on developing and improving relationships with local
   Aboriginal people and         Aboriginal people, which assists in forging sustainable futures for the
   Torres Strait Islander        World Heritage Area and the Aboriginal people in that area.
   people, have contributed      <http://www.wettropics.gov.au/wwc/wwc_index.html>
   to science and scientific     The CSIRO website has articles on engagement with Aboriginal
   practice.                     people on land and sea management.
                                 <http://www.csiro.au/org/IndigenousEngagement.html>
                                 Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                                 ABC science online website provides information on Aboriginal fire-
                                 farming and land management.
                                 <http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/stories/s1398157.htm>
                                 This site offers an article on ways that Aboriginal knowledge informs
                                 sustainability knowledge and practice.
                                 <http://www.ecosmagazine.com/?act=view_file&file_id=
                                 EC125p10.pdf>


Science — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7 (continued)

Essential Learnings              Example learning experience
K&U                              Plan an investigation to test the strength and effectiveness of natural
                                 materials as adhesives e.g. resins, wax and gums
 Science as a human
 endeavour                       Example online resource
 Natural and processed           Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people have used
 materials                       natural materials as dyes, glues and sealants for hundreds of years.
 Properties, changes and         This resource produced by Catholic Education South Australia
 uses of substances and          provides a teaching activity with information on Aboriginal peoples‘
 mixtures are related to their   use of natural materials such as resins, gums and nuts.
 particular composition.         <http://online.cesanet.adl.catholic.edu.au/docushare/dsweb/Get/
                                 Document-8308/Combined+pracs+plus+images.doc>
  Properties of a material
   will vary according to the    Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
   type and quantity of
   components that make up       The Primary Connections website has science resources for
   its structure.                teachers that include some Indigenous perspectives. The resource
                                 ―Package it Better‖, from Level 3 at this link, could support learning
                                 experiences related to this Essential Learning.
                                 <http://www.science.org.au/primaryconnections/ip-curriculum.htm>
                                 The Powerhouse Museum site offers information on the History of
                                 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander textiles.
                                 <http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/hsc/paperbark/history.htm>
                                 Questacon Online website offers a page titled Aboriginal technology
                                 which has information about labour-saving technologies that
                                 Aboriginal Australians have invented.
                                 <http://www.questacon.edu.au/indepth/clever/aboriginal_
                                 technology.html>




                                                            Queensland Studies Authority October 2011      |   5
        Science — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9

        Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
        K&U                                   Investigate contributions Indigenous Australians have made to
                                              scientific discovery, e.g. David Unaipon, who is acknowledged on the
         Science as a human                   Australian fifty dollar note. He invented an improved mechanical
         endeavour                            hand-piece for shearing sheep, among other inventions.
         Responsible and informed
         decisions about real-world          Example online resource
         issues are influenced by the         David Unaipon was an inventor. He lodged 10 patent applications in
         application of scientific            all, however, he faced great difficulty because he was an Aboriginal
         knowledge.                           man.
          People from different              The New South Wales State Library site provides information on
           cultures contribute to and         David Unaipon. Resources include hand-written letters applying to
           shape the development of           patent his invention.
           science.                           <http:www.sl.nsw.gov.au/discover_collections/history_nation/
                                              indigenous/unaipon/unaipon.html>
                                              The ABC website offers a tribute to David Unaipon.
                                              <http://www.abc.net.au/tv/newinventors/txt/s1501003.htm>
                                             Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                                              This section of the CSIRO website shows how Indigenous
                                              knowledge of ecological and environmental process can prove
                                              valuable in understanding environmental change and the effects of
                                              development pressures.
                                              <http://www.csiro.au/science/RecognisingIndigenousWaterValues.
                                              html#issue>
                                              The CSIRO website has vast information resources, including this
                                              section, which highlights how traditional ecological knowledge is
                                              being used in powerful combination with Western science to
                                              enhance the biodiversity and cultural values of wetlands in Kakadu
                                              National Park in Australia's Northern Territory.
                                              <http://www.csiro.au/science/KakaduWetlandBurning.html>
                                              This website introduces The Bush Foods Project, which will marry
                                              the traditional knowledge of desert dwellers who have inhabited
                                              Central Australia for more than 35,000 years with modern scientific
                                              approaches.
                                              <http://www.terrain.org/articles/16/cribb_latham_ryder.htm>




6   |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
English

Essential Learnings by the end of Years 3, 5, 7 and 9
English has five organisers:
  Speaking and listening

  Reading and viewing                Modes of the English KLA

  Writing and designing

  Language elements

  Literary and non-literary texts.
Select Knowledge and understanding (K&U) from at least one of the mode organisers (Speaking
and listening, Reading and viewing, Writing and designing), and use with Knowledge and
understanding from Language elements, and Literary and non-literary texts organisers.
The Ways of working in English should be used in conjunction with Knowledge and
understanding.

English — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 3

 Essential Learnings            Example learning experience
 K&U                             Explore the messages and connection to land by viewing stories
                                 introduced and narrated by local Elders.
 Literary and non-literary
 texts                           There are protocols to follow with regard to accessing and telling
                                 creation stories: narration by Elders overcomes the issues of
 Exploring literary and non-     protocols and permission.
 literary texts involves
 developing an awareness of     Example online resource
 purpose, audience, subject      This site offers dreaming stories narrated by Aboriginal and Torres
 matter and text structure.      Strait Islander Elders. <www.dreamtime.net.au/creation/index.cfm>
  Texts created by              The Reconciliation Australia website provides links and reviews of
   Aboriginal and Torres         protocol guides developed by Australian organisations to help people
   Strait Islander peoples       understand Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander protocols and how
   reflect a range of ideas      to work with Indigenous peoples in ways that respect culture and
   and information,              community. <http://reconciliaction.org.au/nsw/education-
   relationships and             kit/protocols/#nava>
   connections.
                                Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                                 Dust echoes is a series of twelve beautifully animated dreaming
                                 strories from Central Arnhem Land, telling stories of love, loyalty,
                                 duty to country and Aboriginal custom and law.
                                 <http://www.abc.net.au/dustechoes/>
                                 This website provides Australian Aboriginal Dreaming Stories
                                 narrated by David Hudson. <http://www.emusic.com/album/David-
                                 Hudson-Jinna-Jinna-Australian-Aboriginal-Dreamtime-Stori-MP3-
                                 Download/11090082.html>




                                                            Queensland Studies Authority October 2011   |   7
        English — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 5

        Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
        K&U                                   Interpret how Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander paintings and
                                              pictures (visual literacy) represent people, places and events.
         Literary and non-literary
         texts                                Interpret Aboriginal song lyrics and reflect on their messages.
         Making choices about                Example online resource
         literary and non-literary texts      The Cultural Warriors Education Resource from the National Gallery
         involves identifying the             of Australia offers 30 full-colour artwork reproductions with
         purpose, audience, subject           explanations and classroom activities.
         matter and text structure.           <http://visualarts.qld.gov.au/EducationResourcePDFs/CultureWarrior
          Texts represent Aboriginal         s.pdf>
           and Torres Strait Islander         This site is a starting place to find lyrics for Indigenous songs such
           knowledges, peoples,               as Archie Roach‘s ―Took the Children Away‖ and Yothu Yindi‘s
           places, events and things          ―Treaty‖. <http://www.songmeanings.net/songs/view/
           in different ways.                 3530822107858710354/>
          Narratives, myths,                 Creative Spirits website has extensive information on Australian
           legends, Dreaming                  Indigenous music and singers, along with other helpful information.
           stories, ballads, form             <http://www.creativespirits.info/resources/index.html>
           verse, song lyrics and
           simple scripts are types of       Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
           literary texts.                    Aboriginal Studies Press is a publisher of Indigenous studies
                                              materials. They are part of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and
                                              Torres Strait Islander Studies and can be accessed at the following
                                              link: <http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/asp/>
                                              The State Library of Queensland‘s collection of materials pertaining
                                              to Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people includes
                                              photographs, ephemera, posters, oral histories and digital stories.
                                              <http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/coll/aptsi>
                                              Information on protocols that ensure culturally appropriate use of
                                              Indigenous collections can be accessed at
                                              <http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/coll/aptsi> then scroll down to Protocols
                                              for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Collections.




8   |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
English — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7

Essential Learnings               Example learning experience
K&U                               View a movie that presents a story from an Aboriginal or Torres
                                  Strait Islander perspective. Interpret and identify how viewers are
 Reading and viewing              positioned by aspects of the text.
 Reading and viewing involve
 using a range of strategies to   Example online resource
 interpret, evaluate and          This film is an example of an Indigenous perspective on the historical
 appreciate written, visual       figure of Captain Cook and all that he symbolises. Film: ‗Too many
 and multimodal texts across      Captain Cooks‘. <www.roninfilms.com.au/feature/
 wider community contexts.        1832340.html>
  Readers and viewers draw       The book on which the film is based is also available: Tucker, A
   on their prior knowledge,      1994, Too many Captain Cooks, Omnibus, Norwood, SA.
   knowledge of language
   elements and point of view
                                  Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
   when engaging with a text.     This site has a list of resources to access in relation to the Stolen
                                  Generation.
                                  <http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/info/ind/footprints/community/admin/sg/resou
                                  rces>
                                  Aboriginal Studies Press is a publisher of Indigenous studies
                                  materials. They are part of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and
                                  Torres Strait Islander Studies and can be accessed at the following
                                  link. <http://www.aiatsis.gov.au/asp/>
                                  The State Library of Queensland‘s collection of materials pertaining
                                  to Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people includes
                                  photographs, ephemera, posters, oral histories and digital stories.
                                  <http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/coll/aptsi>


English — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7 (continued)

Essential Learnings               Example learning experience
K&U                               Explore and recognise the importance of protocols to Aboriginal
                                  peoples and Torres Strait Islander peoples and contexts for use of
 Literary and non-literary        specific protocols.
 texts
                                  Apply these protocols.
 Evaluating literary and non-
 literary texts involves          Example online resource
 understanding the purpose,       The Queensland Government website provides two documents on
 audience, subject matter and     protocols for engaging with Aboriginal people and Torres Strait
 text structure.                  Islander people. <www.atsip.qld.gov.au/everybodys-
  Protocols are applied to       business/protocols-aboriginal>
   the use of texts that          Information on the difference between a welcome to country and
   represent Aboriginal           acknowledgement of country and how to organise them can be
   knowledges, peoples,           found at the Queensland Studies Authority website.
   cultures, events and           <http://www.qsa.qld.edu.au> Search on ―welcome to country‖.
   places, and Torres Strait
   Islander knowledges,           Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
   peoples, cultures and          Information on protocols that ensure culturally appropriate use of
   events.                        Indigenous collections can be accessed at
                                  <http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/coll/aptsi> then scroll down to Protocols
                                  for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Collections.




                                                             Queensland Studies Authority October 2011     |   9
       English — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9

       Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
       K&U                                   Explore the impact of the Prime Minister‘s ‗Sorry Speech‘ on
                                             Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Interpret and analyse
        Literary and non-literary            the language elements and other aspects of the text used to position
        texts                                the audience.
        Manipulating literary and
        non-literary texts involves         Example online resource
        analysing the purpose,               Responses from Aboriginal People to the Prime Minister‘s Apology
        audience, subject matter and         to the Indigenous People of Australia are provided on the State
        text structure.                      Library of Queensland website.
                                             <http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/coll/aptsi/apology>
         An author‘s point of view
          about their cultural               Interviews with Indigenous people one year on from the Sorry
          knowledge of and their             Speech can be accessed at this site.
          relationships with                 <http://www.gilimbaa.com.au/media> then select
          Aboriginal peoples and             QWeekend_Gilimbaa.pdf.
          Torres Strait Islander
          peoples can be reflected
                                            Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
          in texts.                          Black Ink Press is a community-based Indigenous writing, illustrating
                                             and publishing project based in North Queensland. It offers story
                                             books written from an Indigenous perspective by Indigenous people,
                                             including some published in Indigenous languages.
                                             <http://www.blackinkpress.com.au/>
                                             IAD Press is an Indigenous publisher based at the Institute for
                                             Aboriginal Development in Alice Springs. This webpage offers
                                             teachers notes for the book Too Flash, by Melissa Lucashenko,
                                             which is written from a young Indigenous girl‘s perspective.
                                             <http://www.iad.edu.au/press/teachersnotes/tooflash.htm>
                                             Keeaira Press is a small publishing house on the Gold Coast with a
                                             primary interest in recording aspects of Aboriginal history and
                                             culture. While they sell books they also offer an extensive list of
                                             names of books about Indigenous issues, many written by
                                             Indigenous people. <http://www.kpress.com.au/>




10 |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
Studies of Society and Environment
(SOSE)

Essential Learnings by the end of Years 3, 5, 7 and 9
SOSE has four organisers:
 Time, continuity and change
 Place and space
 Culture and identity
 Political and economic systems.
Select Knowledge and understanding (K&U) from one or more of these organisers. This helps to
develop a depth of understanding by highlighting the interconnections important to the study of
societies and environments.
The SOSE Ways of working highlight the importance of social and environmental inquiries, and
can be used together to reflect an inquiry approach or inquiry model. Student learning can be
planned to reflect real-world processes and how social scientists work (e.g. historians,
geographers, anthropologists).

SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 3

 Essential Learnings             Example learning experience
 K&U                             Invite an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Elder to visit, tell a
                                 dreaming story and discuss the importance of sharing stories with
 Time, continuity and            the next generation.
 change
                                 Plan an investigation into why and how Aboriginal people and Torres
 Changes and continuities        Strait Islander people associate with the land and sea in stories and
 are identified through          events, e.g. rituals and ceremonies.
 events, people‘s
 contributions and the stories   Example online resource
 of local communities.           This site offers dreaming stories narrated by Aboriginal and Torres
  Aboriginal peoples‘ and       Strait Islander Elders. <www.dreamtime.net.au/creation/index.cfm>
   Torres Strait Islander        The Australian Culture Portal website provides extensive information
   peoples‘ continuous           about Australian Indigenous culture. It also offers links to other suitable
   association with the land     websites. This section of the site offers information on Australia
   and the sea can be seen       Indigenous ceremony — song, music and dance.
   in stories and events that    <http://www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/articles/indigenous/ceremony/>
   pre-date European
   colonisation.                 Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                                 The Indigenous Perspectives section of the Queensland Studies
                                 Authority website offers support materials and information on
                                 ceremonies along with other cultural information.
                                 <http://www.qsa.qld.edu.au> Search on ―Indigenous support‖.
                                 Dust Echoes is a series of twelve beautifully animated dreamtime
                                 stories from Central Arnhem Land, telling stories of love, loyalty, duty
                                 to country and Aboriginal custom and law.
                                 <http://abc.net.au/dustechoes/>




                                                             Queensland Studies Authority October 2011     |   11
       SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 3 (continued)

       Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
       K&U                                   Identify Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander place names or places
                                             named after Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander people within the
        Culture and identity                 community. Research the meaning or reason for this naming, e.g.
        Local communities have               town names, sporting field names and street names.
        different groups with shared
        values and common                   Example online resource
        interests.                           This Queensland Government site offers the opportunity to type in a
                                             Queensland town name and find information about the naming of
         Aboriginal peoples and
                                             the town. <http://www.nrw.qld.gov.au/property/placenames/>
          Torres Strait Islander
          peoples are Australia‘s           Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
          Indigenous peoples and
          their influences are               The Indigenous Perspectives section of the Queensland Studies
          evident and valued in              Authority website offers support materials and information on
          Australian communities.            ceremonies along with other cultural information.
                                             <http://www.qsa.qld.edu.au> Search on ―Indigenous support‖.
                                             Dust Echoes is a series of twelve beautifully animated dreamtime
                                             stories from Central Arnhem Land, telling stories of love, loyalty,
                                             duty to country and Aboriginal custom and law.
                                             <http://abc.net.au/dustechoes/>


       SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 5

       Essential Learnings                 Example learning experience
       K&U                                  Collect and organise information and evidence of Indigenous peoples
                                            and non-Indigenous people‘s perspectives on the colonisation of
        Time, continuity and                Australia.
        change
        Changes and continuities           Example online resource
        are represented by events           This site provides video clips from the series ―Captain Cook —
        and people‘s contributions,         Obsession and Discovery‖. It also offers curriculum links and
        and are viewed differently by       classroom resources.
        different people.                   <http://dl.screenaustralia.gov.au/module/1313/>
         British colonisation of          Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
          Australia is connected
          with particular events and        This site offers information on the White Australia Policy and
          changes, including:               Australian history.
          European exploration, the         <http://racismnoway.com.au/classroom/factsheets/59.html>
          landing of the First Fleet,       The Human rights and equal opportunity commission website
          proclamation of terra             provides resources in relation to Queensland history.
          nullius, establishment of         <http://www.hreoc.gov.au/education/bth/download/laws/bth_lawshist
          penal and free                    _QLD_11r.pdf>
          settlements, contact with         This website provides the lyrics to the song ―From Little Things Big
          the Indigenous population         things Grow‖, by Paul Kelly and Kev Carmody, which tells the story of
          and the development of            Vincent Lingiari‘s fight for land.
          industries.                       <http://thejanuscenter.com/heroworkshop/herolingiari.htm>
         Individuals and groups
          have made significant
          contributions to change
          and maintain Australian
          communities, heritages
          and identities.




12 |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 5 (continued)

Essential Learnings            Example learning experience
K&U                            Collect and organise information on Aboriginal and Torres Strait
                               Islander celebrations that are embraced by the wider community,
 Culture and identity          e.g. the Coming of the Light, Laura Aboriginal Dance and Culture
 Communities contain           Festival.
 cultures and groups that      Propose actions for a school-based celebration that the local
 contribute to diversity and   community could be involved in.
 influence cohesion.
                               Example online resource
  Groups in Australian
   communities contribute to   The following is a list of names and websites of some of the
   cultural diversity by       celebrations of Aboriginal and or Torres Strait Islander identity
   celebrating differences     and/or culture celebrated around Australia.
   and commonalities.           Stylin‘ UP, Brisbane (May)
                                 <http://www.abc.net.au/indigenous/stories/s2589342.htm>
                                Dreaming Festival (June) <http://www.thedreamingfestival.com/>
                                Laura Aboriginal Dance and Culture Festival, Laura (June)
                                 <http://www.arts.qld.gov.au/arts/ladcf.html>
                                The Coming of the Light (July)
                                 <http://www.southbank.qm.qld.gov.au/exhibitions/dandiiri/
                                 resilience/light.asp>
                                NAIDOC week (July) <http://www.naidoc.org.au/ >
                               Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                               Information on National Reconciliation Week can be found at this
                               website: <http://www.reconciliation.org.au/home/reconciliation-
                               resources/nrw-resources>
                               This site offers information on some Australian Indigenous
                               celebrations. <http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/macslibrary/
                               indigenous_celebrations.htm>
                               The Link-Up website offers information about Sorry Day celebrations
                               in Brisbane. <http://www.link-upqld.org.au/sorry.html>
                               Reconciliation Qld Incorporated website, events section lists
                               Brisbane events that support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
                               peoples. <http://www.rqi.org.au/Events.htm#558201>




                                                          Queensland Studies Authority October 2011   |   13
       SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 5 (continued)

       Essential Learnings                Example learning experience
       K&U                                 Investigate a significant event that demonstrates a positive national
                                           response to Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait Islander people,
        Culture and identity               through historical records, e.g. the 1967 referendum through posters,
        Communities contain                or the Gurindji Wave Hill walk out through song and text.
        cultures and groups that
        contribute to diversity and       Example online resource
        influence cohesion.                This National Museum of Australia website provides teacher
                                           resources on the 1967 Referendum
         Australian society has
                                           <http://indigenousrights.net.au/subsection.asp?ssID=88>
          responded to different
          cultures in positive and         This section of the National Museum of Australia website provides
          negative ways.                   information on the Wave Hill walk off, 1966–75.
                                           <http://indigenousrights.net.au/section.asp?sID=11>
         Aboriginal people and
          Torres Strait Islander           This website provides an article from The Age newspaper from 2006,
          people have distinctive          about a man who was part of the Wave Hill walk off.
          social organisation,             <http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/celebrating-the-1966-wave-
          languages and lifestyles.        hill-walkoff/2006/07/16/1152988412491.html>
                                           This site offers posters showing support for Aboriginal and Torres
                                           Strait Islander People during the 1967 referendum.
                                           <http://www1.aiatsis.gov.au/exhibitions/Referendum/looknlisten.html>
                                          Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
                                           Information regarding Aboriginal culture and social organisation can
                                           be found at this site.
                                           <http://www.aboriginalculture.com.au/socialorganisation.shtml>
                                           The Queensland government Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
                                           partnerships website offers protocols documents that include
                                           information on the social structure of Torres Strait Islander peoples
                                           and Aboriginal peoples. <http://www.atsip.qld.gov.au/everybodys-
                                           business/protocols-torres-strait-islander/>




14 |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7

Essential Learnings             Example learning experience
K&U                             Identify and reflect on the different perspectives of Indigenous and
                                non-Indigenous people in relation to the naming and celebration of
 Time, continuity and           Australia Day.
 change
                                Investigate national traditions, celebrations and commemorations that
 Changes and continuities       have evolved to reflect public support of Indigenous Australians.
 are linked to particular
 events and the                 Example online resource
 achievements of individuals    The Australia Day Council of New South Wales provides information
 and groups that attract        and resources about Australia Day.
 different interpretations.     <http://www.australiaday.com.au/studentresources/indigenous.aspx>
  Australia‘s relationship
   with its Asian and Pacific   Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
   neighbours is linked to
   events over a range of       This site provides information on Reconciliation Queensland
                                Incorporated and their role of promoting an ongoing process of
   time periods, including
                                reconciliation within Queensland. <http://www.rqi.org.au/>
   events associated with
   the ―White Australia‖        This site offers information on some Australian Indigenous
   policy, refugees and         celebrations.
   immigration, free-trade      <http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/macslibrary/indigenous_
   agreements and military      celebrations.htm>
   alliances.                   The Link-Up website offers information about Sorry Day celebrations
  National traditions,         in Brisbane. <http://www.link-upqld.org.au/sorry.html>
   celebrations and             Reconciliation Qld Incorporated website, events section lists Brisbane
   commemorations have          events that support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
   evolved to reflect public    <http://www.rqi.org.au/Events.htm#558201>
   sentiment and the
   perspectives, values and
   interpretations of
   different groups.




                                                            Queensland Studies Authority October 2011    |   15
       SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7 (continued)

       Essential Learnings                Example learning experience
       K&U                                 Investigate the results of forced movement of Australian Indigenous
                                           people in relation to loss of cultural practices and language.
        Culture and identity
                                           Investigate how people from different cultures, including Aboriginal
        Cultures and identities            peoples and Torres Strait Islander peoples, have very different social
        consist of material and non-       structures.
        material elements and are
        affected by cross-cultural        Example online resource
        contacts.                          The Australian Studies Centre online provides information on the
         Aboriginal people‘s and          history and effects of the stolen generation.
          Torres Strait Islander           <http://www.petra.ac.id/asc/aborigines/stolen/>
          people‘s diverse social          This site provides information on Aboriginal social structures between
          organisation, languages          and within groups. <http://www.indigenousaustralia.info/social-
          and lifestyles reflect the       structure.html>
          importance of ―country‖
          — land, sea and places.         Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
         Contact between                  The State Library of Queensland website provides links to language
          Indigenous and non-              centres in Queensland and the Queensland Indigenous Languages
          Indigenous cultures in           Advisory Committee, highlighting that language is at the core of
          Australia and in other           cultural identity. <http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/info/ind/languages/qld>
          places has had                   The Queensland government Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
          significant effects on           partnerships website offers protocols documents that include
          language, culture, land          information on the social structure of Torres Strait Islander peoples
          ownership, health and            and Aboriginal peoples. <http://www.atsip.qld.gov.au/everybodys-
          education of Indigenous          business/protocols-torres-strait-islander/>
          people.
         Accessing Indigenous
          knowledge involves the
          protocols of consultation
          with the local Aboriginal
          community and/or the
          Torres Strait Islander
          community.




16 |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7 (continued)

Essential Learnings              Example learning experience
K&U                              Collect and analyse information on the different roles of local, state,
                                 national and Indigenous systems of government with regard to land
 Political and economic          use.
 systems
 Societies and economies         Example online resource
 have systems and                These sites provide information on some of the Indigenous systems of
 institutions based on           Government and the roles they play.
 principles and values.           Queensland Murri Court Magistrates court
  Local, state, national and      <www.courts.qld.gov.au/1694.htm>
   Indigenous systems of          The Australian Government Torres Strait Regional Authority
   government in Australia         <http://www.tsra.gov.au/the-tsra/programs--outputs.aspx>
   have different roles,
   functions, ways of
   operating and impacts on
   people and communities.


SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9

Essential Learnings              Example learning experience
K&U                              Design a focus question and sub focus questions that would help
                                 explore the issues faced by Indigenous Australians from the effect of
 Time, continuity and            the White Australia policy.
 change
 Social, political, economic     Example online resource
 and cultural changes and        The Australian Government Department of Immigration and
 continuities are connected      Citizenship provides information on the history of the White Australia
 to particular events, ideas     Policy. <http://www.immi.gov.au/media/fact-sheets/08abolition.htm>
 and contributions, and can
 be interpreted from different   Other websites that may support this Essential Learning
 perspectives.                   This site offers information on and records relating to the 1967
  Australian narratives and     Referendum. <www.naa.gov.au/about-us/publications/fact-
   identities have been          sheets/fs150.aspx>
   shaped by 20th century        The National Museum of Australia website provides information,
   events including major        including photographs, relating to the 1967 referendum.
   conflicts, waves of           <http://indigenousrights.net.au/section.asp?sID=5>
   immigration, social           This site offers a publication by the head of psychology at the School
   divisions and changes,        of Psychological Science, La Trobe University on Cultural trauma and
   and government                recovery in Indigenous Australia.
   relations with other          <http://www.latrobe.edu.au/psy/aw/michael.html> Select Cultural
   nations.                      trauma and recovery in Indigenous Australia.
  Contact between
   cultures has produced
   movements to improve
   democratic participation
   and citizenship rights for
   specific groups.




                                                              Queensland Studies Authority October 2011    |   17
       SOSE — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9 (continued)

       Essential Learnings                Example learning experience
       K&U                                 Explore media representations of Aboriginal people and/or Torres Strait
                                           Islander people that result in positive and negative responses.
        Culture and identity
        Cultures and identities are       Example online resource
        shaped by a range of               ABC Online is an example of a website that generally represents
        factors, and societies             Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people in a positive way.
        promote cohesion and               <http://www.abc.net.au/indigenous/education/cultural_protocol/
        diversity in different ways.       background.htm>
        Community perceptions             The following site generally provides a positive view of Indigenous
         of Aboriginal cultures            people in the media. The Koori Mail is a New South Wales based
         and Torres Strait                 newspaper. <http://www.koorimail.com/>
         Islander cultures have            Namalata Thusi is a free journal published quarterly, designed to
         resulted in positive and          ‗showcase‘ successful partnerships for Aboriginal and Torres Strait
         negative responses to             Islander Queenslanders.
                                           <http://www.communities.qld.gov.au/department/publications/
         Indigenous people.
                                           namalata-thusi/>
         Cultural research
          involves following
          protocols and acting
          sensitively.




18 |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
Technology

Essential Learnings by the end of Years 3, 5, 7 and 9
Technology has two organisers:
 Technology as a human endeavour
 Information, material and systems.
Knowledge and understanding (K&U) from these organisers can be used together. This helps to
situate technology learning to support the development of understandings about how technology
is used and its impacts in real-world contexts. Information, materials and systems (resources)
have been combined in one organiser to highlight commonalties.
When selecting Knowledge and understanding from this organiser, the focus could be on one or
more of the resources — information, materials or systems.
The Ways of working in Technology reflect the processes of working technologically and should
be used in conjunction with Knowledge and understanding to help students understand the
design and development of products.

Technology — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 3

 Essential Learnings             Example learning experience
 K&U                             Pose questions for investigations about Aboriginal people‘s and
                                 Torres Strait Islander people‘s use of available natural resources to
 Information, materials and      design, create and construct assorted utensils, weapons and tools to
 systems (resources)             meet specific purposes and needs.
 Resources are used to make
 products for particular         Example online resource
 purposes and contexts.          This educational site provides information about assorted Aboriginal
                                 technology and inventions.
  Resources have
                                 <http://www.questacon.edu.au/indepth/clever/
   characteristics that can be
                                 aboriginal_technology.html>
   matched to design
   requirements.                 Information about Indigenous tools and weapons can be accessed at
                                 this site.
                                 <http://members.ozemail.com.au/~mmichie/engag_t&w.htm#others>
                                 This Aboriginal culture information site describes traditional
                                 Aboriginal life in different regions of Australia. Northern Queensland
                                 is featured using primary source photographs.
                                 <http://www.aboriginalculture.com.au/basketry.shtml>
                                 The Australian Government Culture Portal provides information on
                                 Indigenous tools and technology
                                 <www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/articles/indigenous/technology>




                                                            Queensland Studies Authority October 2011     |   19
       Technology — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 5

       Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
       K&U                                   Generate ideas for the design of a water-carrying vessel to be made
                                             from natural materials found in your local environment.
        Technology as a human
        endeavour                           Example online resource
        Technology influences and            This resource, developed by the Australian National Botanic
        impacts on people, their             Gardens, is useful for exploring Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
        communities and                      people‘s use of flora and fauna.
        environments.                        <http://www.anbg.gov.au/education/pdfs/aborigainal_plant_use_
                                             and_technology.pdf>
         Aspects of
          appropriateness influence          This Aboriginal culture information site describes traditional
          product design and                 Aboriginal life in different regions of Australia. Northern Queensland
          production decisions.              is featured using primary source photographs.
                                             <http://www.aboriginalculture.com.au/basketry.shtml>


       Technology — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9

       Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
       K&U                                   Investigate different methods used by Aboriginal people and Torres
                                             Strait Islander people to maintain healthy land environments
        Technology as a human                (ecosystem) e.g. controlled seasonal burning, seasonal movement of
        endeavour                            community groups.
        Technology influences and            Investigate use of resources and land management practices of
        impacts on people, their             Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, reflecting on and
        communities and                      analysing the impact and sustainability of traditional practices, e.g.
        environments.                        controlled seasonal burning; seasonal movement of community
         People can influence               groups; and gathering practices that leave plants and animal
          decisions made about the           populations intact, such as taking resin, bark or wood from a tree
          design, development and            without chopping it down.
          use of technology to
                                            Example online resource
          change the impact on
          people, their communities          This site provides a list of Indigenous land management practices,
          and environments at local          including controlled burning and care of the land.
          and global levels.                 <http://www.aabr.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&task=view
                                             &id=60&Itemid=74>
                                             This site offers information on the way the Kaanju people of central
                                             Cape York Peninsula are planning to maintain healthy and
                                             sustainable homelands.
                                             <http://www.kaanjungaachi.com.au/FireManagement.htm>
                                             This site offers information on fire management
                                             <http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/kakadu/management/
                                             programs/fire.html>




20 |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
The Arts

Essential Learnings by the end of Years 3, 5, 7 and 9
The Arts has five organisers:
 Dance
 Drama
 Media
 Music
 Visual Art.
Select Knowledge and understanding from the range of arts organisers.
The Ways of working highlight the processes of creating, presenting, responding and reflecting.
They should be used in conjunction with Knowledge and understanding to enable students to
work artistically through active engagement with The Arts strands.

The Arts — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 3

 Essential Learnings             Example learning experience
 K&U                             Explore animals and the environment as stimulus used in Aboriginal
                                 dance and Torres Strait Islander dance, to create shape and present
 Dance                           movement sequences that vary dance elements of time.
 Dance involves using the
 human body to express           Example online resource
 ideas, considering particular   Department of Education and Training Western Australia provides a
 audiences and particular        lesson plan, ―Animal walks 1 (apac167)‖, which features an
 purposes, through dance         Aboriginal context in the early phase of schooling, exploring animal
 elements in movement            movements.
 phrases.                        <http://www.det.wa.edu.au/education/abled/apac/lessons/
                                 lessons_area_arts.html>
  Fast and slow movements
   are used to change timing     This fact sheet about Tjapukai Indigenous dance is an example of
   in movement phrases.          information that is available on the web on Indigenous dance. It is
                                 recommended that teachers access information on dance groups in
                                 their local area. <http://www.tjapukai.com.au/students.html> Select
                                 Tjapukai dance (pdf).




                                                           Queensland Studies Authority October 2011    |   21
       The Arts — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 7

       Essential Learnings                  Example learning experience
       K&U                                   Respond to media texts by analysing and evaluating the use of
                                             media images of Aboriginal peoples and/or Torres Strait Islander
        Media                                peoples in multimedia contexts, identifying appropriate and
        Media involves constructing          inappropriate representations.
        meaning, considering
        intended audiences and              Example online resource
        intended purposes, by                The Creative Spirits website contains information on stereotypes and
        modifying media languages            prejudice about Aboriginal Australians.
        and technologies to create           <http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/people/
        representations.                     aboriginal-australia-stereotype.html>
         Representations in media
          texts have specific
          purposes and are
          modified to maximise
          audience impact.


       The Arts — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9

       Essential Learnings                   Example learning experience
       K&U                                    Deconstruct media elements used in broadcasting services and
                                              products that target Aboriginal communities and Torres Strait
        Media                                 Islander communities to create and shape media texts.
        Media involves constructing
        meaning, considering specific        Example online resource
        audiences and specific                This site lists a range of Australian Government programs
        purposes, by manipulating             administered by the Department of Environment, Water, Heritage
        media languages and                   and the Arts that aim to support Indigenous arts, culture, languages
        technologies to shape                 and broadcasting. <http://www.arts.gov.au/indigenous>
        representations.                      This site provides a map of Australian metropolitan and regional
         Representations of different        Indigenous broadcasters funded through the Indigenous
          beliefs and ideas in media          Broadcasting Program:
          texts are influenced by             <http://www.arts.gov.au/indigenous/broadcasting/more_about_
          regulations and by contexts         Indigenous_broadcasting> then select map (pdf).
          of audiences, producers             The Australian Broadcasting Commission site provides this online
          and institutions.                   portal for Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people.
                                              <http://www.abc.net.au/indigenous/>
                                              This site provides access to the Queensland Government‘s external
                                              publication on Indigenous issues. Namalata Thusi is a free journal
                                              published quarterly designed to ―showcase‖ successful
                                              partnerships for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
                                              Queenslanders.
                                              <http://www.communities.qld.gov.au/department/publications/
                                              namalata-thusi/>




22 |    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives resources Supporting the implementation of Essential Learnings
The Arts — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9 (continued)

 Essential Learnings           Example learning experience
 K&U                           Deconstruct the blending of traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait
                               Islander dance with contemporary dance forms to create, shape and
 Dance                         present dance works.
 Dance involves using the      Investigate the protocols and use of performance spaces for
 human body to express         Indigenous dance.
 ideas, considering specific
 audiences and specific        Example online resource
 purposes, by manipulating     This site has information on Bangarra Dance Theatre, which blends
 dance elements in genre-      traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history and culture
 specific dance sequences.     with international contemporary dance influences to create an
  Genre-specific              Australian dance language.
   movements are used to       <http://www.bangarra.com.au/About/Vision.aspx>
   create actions for dance    This document outlines dance principles and protocols in relation to
   sequences.                  Australian Indigenous arts. <http://www.australiacouncil.gov.au/>
  Traditional and non-        Search Indigenous protocols.
   traditional performance
   areas are used to
   manipulate movement in
   space.


The Arts — Essential Learnings by the end of Year 9 (continued)

 Essential Learnings           Example learning experience
 K&U                           Interpret historical performances of Indigenous Australian texts to
                               deconstruct dramatic elements, cultural bias and stereotypes.
 Drama
 Drama involves manipulating   Example online resource
 dramatic elements and         This site has information on Bangarra Dance Theatre, which blends
 conventions to express        traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history and culture
 ideas, considering specific   with international contemporary drama and dance influences to
 audiences and specific        create an Australian drama and dance language.
 purposes, through dramatic    <www.bangarra.com.au/home.html>
 action based on real or       Details of Indigenous drama written and directed by Indigenous
 imagined events.              people. <http://australianscreen.com.au/indigenous/drama/>
  Roles, characters and       Drama Australia‘s guidelines for drama/theatre education.
   relationships are           <http://www.dramaaustralia.org.au/index.php?id=9> Select
   interpreted to define       Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Guidelines for Drama/
   motivation and purpose,     Theatre Education (pdf 1.1MB)
   using specific vocal and
   physical techniques.




More information
If you would like more information, please email IndigenousPortal@qsa.qld.edu.au, or phone
3864 0299. Or visit the QSA website <www.qsa.qld.edu.au> and search for ―Indigenous
Perspectives‖.




                                                          Queensland Studies Authority October 2011    |   23

				
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