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									                        Questionnaire Section I
    Application of the World Heritage Convention by the State Party

    I. 1. Introduction
           a. Statc Party
           b. Year of ratification or acceptance of thc Conventmn
           c. Organization(s) or entity(ics1 responsible for the prcparatioi of the report
           d. Date of the report
           e. Signature on behalf of Statc Party

    I. 2. Identification of cultural and natural heritage properties
           a. National inventories
           b. Tentative List
           c. Nominations

    I. 3. Protection, conservation and presentation of the cultural and natural heritage
           a. Ckncral policy development
           b. Status of services for protection, conservation and presentation
           c. Scientific and technical studies and research
           d. Mcasures for identification, protection, conservation, presentation and rehabilitation
           e. Training

    I. 4. International co-operation and fund raising

    I. 5. Education, information and awareness building

    I. 6. Conclusions and recommended action
           a. Main conclusions
           b. Proposed future action(s)
           c. Responsible implementing agency (ies)
           d. Timeframe for implementation
           e. Needs for international assistance

    I. 7. Assessment of the Periodic Reporting exercise for Section              .[
        I. 1. Introduction
    -                                           -              --

    I   a.

                      County (and State Pasty if differcnti: Republic of Korea

                     Year oi ratification or acceptance of the Convention: !lcccptcd t h ~
                     World i'ultiirol and ~VoturolHeritare, Septeinher 1988
                                                     -~   ~

                                                                -   ~~
                                                                         ~~~           ~

                                                                                           Concention conc~rnirgthe Proie:tion of the
                                                                                                                           ~-            +
                                                    responsible for the preparation of this report:
    '            I Organisation: Cultural Properties \dministra[ion
                      Pcrsun responsible: Administrator of rhe Cultural Properties .4drninistrstion

    1            ' Address: 920, Ilunsan-dong, Seo-gu
                      City and post code Ilaejeon, 302-701
                      Telephone: 82-42-1X1-4(i00
                      Fax: 82-42-181-48150


        d.       I Date of the report: ZM?.10

                                        ~   ~   ~   ~~~

                      Signature on behalf of the State Party
                 (     Signature
    I I . .            Functton: Admlnlstrator of the Cultural Propesties Administration. Rcqublic oi Korea
                              -                                 -~~
                                                                                                                         ~~~~   .,           1       1

    I. 2. Identification of the Cultural and Natural Properties
              This item refers in particular to Articles 3. 4 and 11 of the Convention regarding the identification of cultural and natural
    hcrhge and thc nomination of properties ior inscriptjon on the World Heritage List

                                                                                       -. . -                       ..               ~   -
                      Inventories of cultural and natural heritage of national significance i o m the basis for the idcntilication o
                     possible World Heritage properties. Indicate the orga~sationk)or institutionk) responsible for the oreparatior
                     and updating oi these national inventories (if different from those named under question 0031.

                 I Organization(s1Anstitution~sj:
                 1 Persods) responsible:
                   City and post codc:                                         (Does not apply   -   same as 0031
                 ! Tclcphone:

            I 2. Continued
                                                              ~          p          -           ~

                     Indicate if and to what extent invenCiri?s lists and;iir registers at the local, state andor national le,'el exist:
                    l o In the local government, cultural propestii3s are dcsigr~atedaftcr examination hi. related experts s ~ c h local
      1                cultural pruperties committees, and on the national lcvel the Culti~ral Properties Administration designates,

    1 1                national cultusa pnlperties based on esrniinatinhs by the Culturd Propertics C~!mmitk and relatd experts.

    I I              Haw n ~ uundertaken the prepmtion of lists or of national
                                                                                 inventories on one or scverd of thc followin,! lcvels:
                                                                                   I <-, )

    ! 1                                      Statell'rovince
                     Ko inventory (list or registty) has becn developed
                                                                                                                                           1   i

-   ~~



                  When was (were) the inventory (inventories) compiled, please give datelsl:
                   The Cultural Propettics Protection Act was established and promulgated in October, 152, al~d cultural
                   properties are designated in accordance with this act. The nation and local self-gowning mdies are
                   continuously examilung cultural properties, designating important cultml propcsties and compiling
                   inventories of designated cultural properties. These inventories are revised yearly.
                                                          Tentative List

t                         ~~                       ~                       ~            ~

    Article 11 oI the Convention refers to the submission hp States Parties of inventisies of pro~k?rtiessuitable for
~nclusionin the i2'orld Heritage List, so-callcd Tentative I.ists. H;~ve you suhrnitted a Tentative [.is of natural 010  I

and/or cultural properties in your counin:                                                        YES

1 Provide the dates of submission of the Tentative List (if an!!:                                                        l
    o 1994. 9                                                                                             011            1
    - Cultural Heritages: Scokguram Grotto & Bulguksa Temple, Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeolr, Jongmyo
        Shrine. Changdeokgung Palace Complex, Hwaseong Fortress, S;imnyeon Fortrcss %'all, Tom) of King
        hluneong, Gangjingun Kiln Sites


        Natural Heritages: hlt. Smraksan liature Resenv hlt Hallasan Nature Reserve
        19%. 7. 30
        Cultural Heritages: Hahoe Folk Village in Andong, Shilla Relics of Mt, Kamsan in Kyongju. Ilolmens in1
       Goch'ang and llwasun                                                                                              1
    o 2002. I. 25
     - Cultural Heritages: Yangdong Village of Wolseong
     - Natural Heritages: Sites of Fossilized Dinosaurs throughout the southern seacoast

    Provide the date     iif   any revision made since its submission (if any):
    o   1 W . 6. 28:
        The "Shilla Rciics of blt. Kamsan. Kyongju" were renamed the "Gywngju Ilistoric Arcas." expinding th
         area arid range of the heritage. The "Dolmens in Goch'ang and Hi~asun" were renamed the "Gochany
        h a s u n , Ganghwa Dolmen Sites." adding an area to the heritage.
    0   2002. I. 25
        The "hlt. Hallasan Nature Reserve" was renamcd thta "Natural Heritage District of Jeju Island," expandin
        the area of the heritage.
                 ~   ~                  ~                                                               -~

     Name institution(s1 resplnsible for identifying and delineating the properties in the Tentative List (it differen
    tom those named under question W )  3:
    Person(s) responsible:
    City and post code:                                  Not applicahle (same as 003)

I   E-mail:
1. I! Continued

    De\crihe t h & i v s of pseparation or revision of the Tentative List and give details (if applicahlel concerning, 014
                                   -         ~ p p p ~ ~

     !the involvement of local aulhorities and population:
                                                                                                          ~p~            --

                0   in order to prepare the Tentative List, applications s e r e received from each city and province, the Korean
                    ITational Committee of the Inturnetional Council on k1onuments and Sites (ICOhlOS). 2nd he Korean
                    Kational Committee of the International Council for Conservation of Nature and M u r a l liesourres IIUCN),
                    and the Tcntative list was compiled after review by related experts.
                -   Expests carried out field surveys and the Cultural Properties Committee (comprised of at least twmember
                    joint subcommittees) reviewed the candidates and made the final selections for the Tentative List, and the
                    Tentative List was then registered with 11KESCO.                                                              I

        0           Appropriate local governments shared the duties with the Cultural t'rowrties Administration lry oflerin~'
        I           inlomation concerning the compilation of documents such as applications lor the registsation ol World!
                    Cultural Ileritages. Local self-governing bodies prepared and submitted materials including summ~nes(such
                    as records of the locations and his to^ of Tcntative List candidatid, reports on the state of cmsemation
                    and management, reports on problems in consewation, and maintenance plans for future consemtion to the'
                    state. The central government also selected experts and conducted field surveys of the candidates lor the
                    Tentative List nominated on the local level, taking into consideralion the character of the Tenative List.
                    Following this, candidates for the Tentative List were selecttd alter comprehensive emhation and1
                    exammation on the national level.                                                                          I

        I       0   As far as promoting the World Heritage List, the cooperation 01 the appropriate local self-governing bodies
                    and tl~elocal population is essential, and o the process of gathering the opinions of approlmate governing
                    bodies, regional KCOs, and the local population has taken priority in the submission ol the 'l'eniativc List,;
                    which is the initial stage of being registered an the World Heritage List. Through this prwess, local
                    sell-governing bodies and the nation are publicizing World Heritages and educating the local p>pulations,:        i
                    and are work& to smoothly cariy out promotion duties related to the World Heritage List by examining
                    possible problems that may arise in the future from many different angles and preparing counte.measures,,
                    as well as Ioming plans to restore and protect heritages.

        Were the local authorities consulted for the identification:                                              YES                 013

                0   Local experts, such as local cultural propzrties committees, participated in the preparation for subn~ittingthe
                    Tentative List.

        Was the local population consulted for the identification:

                0   The opinions d the local populace were gathered when the Tentativt List was to

                                                                                                        be submitted,
      List the properties that have heen nominated for inscription on the World ll~ritagcList, giving tie name of the
     property, the date of submission and, if applicable, the date of inscriplion or extension. Also include properties that
     were defemd, rclerred, i~ithdrawnor not examined by the World Henrage Committee or its h r c a u :

     o       Properti' Kames ;ind Inscriptions

             ~ e o k g k n r o t b and R u l g l i a TenpM
,'           - Kominated for inscription: 1 3 4 , 9 :    Inscribed: 1995. 12. 9
         a   IIaeinsa Templc Janggyeong I'anjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Korcana ivootlblochs
             - Nominated for inscription: 1'1%. 9 i Inscribed: I!%. 12. 9
             Jongmyc Shrine
             - Kominated for inscription: 1994. 9 / Inscribed: 1%:    . I?. 9
             The Changdeakgung Palace Com[)len
             - i o m i n e d o r inscription: I lnscribcd: 137. 12. 4

              Iiwaseong ~ o r n e s s
I            - Kominated for inscription: 1%. 6 i Inscribed: 1997. 12. 4

         .   Gymngju Historic Areas
             - Nominated for inscription: 1W. 9.15 i Inscribed: 2000. 12. 1

I        .   Dolmens in Goch'ang and Hwasun
I            - Iiominated for inscription: 199. 9. 15 1 Inscribed: 2000. 12. I

             Properties withdrawn

         .hlt. Soraksan Nature Reserve                                                                                         I

              Nominated for inscription: 19%. 9
              Ihnination withdrawn: 19% 6. ?6, after field survey by UKESCO expert and before final review                     i
1 2 Continued

         I            ~

         1    Please provide an analysis of the process by which these nominations are prepared, indicating also to which 018
             degree this was done in collaboration and co-operation with local authorities and people:
             0       Andysis of preparation process
                 a   The issue of assigning rolcs
                     In the process of preparing nominations for inscription on thc I V d d lleritage List, there is a nmd for,
                     systemization of the assigning 01 roles to the central and local governments and the method of participation1
                     by expert groups.
                     Recommendations are received from local governments concerning nominations for the World Heritage List,
                     and cultural properties experts from the central government judge and decide on these.
                     There was insufficient active participatioii from such relatcd agencies as ICOhlOS and IIICK.
                     The assigning of roles to the Korean National Commission far UKESCO and the Cultura koperties
                     Administration nceds to be done properly.

             0       The irsue of cooperation with local governments and population
                     There is a need to consider the viewpoirlt of the population and prepare a rational policy and pans, and to
                     actively reflect the public opinion.
                     Beginning with the process of nomination for the Tentative List, local governments need to gather the
                     opinions of related KGOs and the l~xalpmdation.
                     Efforts must be made to raise the local population's understanding of the World Heritage list and to
                     increase public awareness.                                                                                    1
     0               Problems in conserving and managing proporties and prepatiny m e w r e s to dcal with them                1I
     1               In the case of the Gochang Dolmen Sites, a muhial agreement was reached with the population in the area,

                     of the propedy about moving the village, and plans for conserving and managing the cultural property were

     I               established aitcr gathering the opinions of the hcal population.
                                      ..                -~                     -~                 ~   -            .. .   p~

             Describe the motivation for entering into the nomination process:

             0       To ensure the universality of Korean culture in tho context of world culture and to bring Korea11 culture to,
                     the world by inscribing on the World Heritage List those heritages which preserve the unique character of,

                     Korean culture
                     To prrpare a foundation for systematically conserving heritages on an international level by insclihing them1
                     on the World Helitage List                                                                                   !
             0       To raise the educational effect that can give the nation a sense of responsibility and the people a sense of
                     pride about the conscwation of heritages
     !0              To receive technical cooperation and (when necessdv) financial support from international agenacs such as1
                     IJKESCO in conserving and managing heritages                                                                 I
    ~                 ~    ~       -~p
                                     ~~ ~
                                        p p p~p ~ ~                               ~   ~
     Deta~l the obstacles and difficulties encountered in th;~t prucess as well as the prcci\wd benefit; of World
       Heritage listing and the lessons learnt:

    1                          of
      Prohlems in the ~~rocess nomination                                                                                  !
    - Difficulties hctwcen the central government and lrrcal population. When nominating the hlt. Seoraksan
      M u r e Reserve, the policies of the central government did not have the agreement ol the local population.
      Due tc the resulting lack of understanding and cooperation from the local 1xlpulation and th,i prohlems~
      encountered in thc process of opinir~n gathesing, the nomination a a s aithdiaivn after experts cmductei a~
      field sumey but before the fii~alreview (19%. 6. 26.1
    - Problems due to insufficient conservation and management plans lor areas surrounding heritag:~: It ivas
      judged that the East Sea southern railway line that passes near thr Gycongju Historic Areas i m l d cause a1
      problem in conserving and managing the heritage area. This ivas pointed out at the time of the i:xpert field
      survey, and this heritage was listed after supplementar). materials, including a long-term plan tc move
      railway, were submitted.
    0 Benefits to listing
    - Increases the sense of pride of the local population in local society, gains support for the ccntral gorcmment

    - Increases value of site as a historical and cultural educational experience and through the treation of

       employment opportunities in the tourism industry
    - Improvrs techniques for conserving and managing cultural properties
    o Results of listing                                                                                               1
    - The World Heritage list has been used as tourism and public rciations materials in introducing he uniquei

      Korean heritage both at home and abroad, and visitors to sites on the World Heritage List have incrcased,
      contributing to local development.
    - As an example, a program alluning foreigners to expnmce Korea's cultural heritage is being canied out at
      the Changdcokgung Palace Complex.
    - Lessons learnt: Through the World Heritage listing process our awareness of cultural propirties was
      heightened, and we came to recogluze the necessity of preparing systematic plans in the mimagement
      asmt.           .. -          -          .                                                        ~~p~
1.3. Protection, Conversation and Presentation of the Cultural and Natural Heritage

 This item refers in particular to Articles I and 5 of the Convention, in which State Parties recognise their duty
of ensuring the identification, protection, conservation, presentation and transmission to future generations of the
cultural and natural World Heritage and that effective and active mcasures arc taken to :his effect. Article 5 of
the Convention specifies the following measures:

     I                        ~

[ a, General Policy Development-
                                  ~   ~~              p~

                                                                  -   ~

                                                                                                  ~   -
                                                                                                       -   p
                                                                                                        p p ~

     ) Provide infonnation on the adoption of policies that aim to give the i:ultural and natural heritage a




      the life of the community, including the dates of their elaboration and implementation:
         0        As part of a long-ten plan, the basic plan for the consematiorr, management and utilization of cultural
                  properties was established in 2M?.
          -       Seokguram Grotto 8: Bulguksa Temple and the Gyeongju Historical Areas: we are currenlty in tihe process
                  of grouping by culture sites that have common historic and academic traits and developing these is tools for
                  historical education and as tourism resources.
     t                                                                                                                                 I
              -    ~~                      ~~~   ~~                                                        -

     ; Provide information on the way the State Party or the relevant authorities has (have) taken steos o intesrate
         the protection of World Heritage propeltics into comprehensive planning programmes, Indicate also tle level on
         which the integration takes place k g . national, statelprovincial or local):                            '.

     I                                                                                                                             i
         0    On the national level (central governnent)                                                                           1
               The klultipuipose Land Plan (2CCi-20?0)
             - Heritage conservation arras ivill be created and project plans will be established hy culturc in accordance

               with the ;\lultipulpose Land Planning Act.
               General restoration of sites by culture
                                                                                                                           I       ~
             - The entire national temtory will be divided into five cultural areas, development plans appropriate to the

               characteristics of a region will be developed and land development and the conscriation of cultural heritage;
               will proceed in harmony. The first phase ran from 1513-1998, and the second phase ran from 198-2002.
               During the second phase, intensive maintenance of Silla cultural sites in the Gyeongju are;l, and the
               transformation of the area into a cultural tourist site through repairs were planned.
             - Plans for the third (2002-2008) and fourth (2008-2012) phascs are being continuously developed. Sites will

               de divided by tyw and sunreys and analyses will be made of historical value, the surrounding er vironment,
               and the actual condition of conservation and management. Through this and historical resarch, ctmsewation
               and restoration nil1 be carried out.
             Restoration of the Joseon Royal Palace (1991-1
             - Plans have been made for landscaping to restore the traditional scenen; of Changdeokgung Palact', Jongmyo:

               Shrine, and other royal complexes. There are also m i d to lhg-range plans to restore the Jo:;eon Royal
               Palace to its original form and transform it into a famous tourisl site. A Joseon Royal Palace Historical
               hluseum will bc opened 12IXij-20111 to recreate palace life and c~remonies,and plans are bein,: made to,
               systematically consenre and exhihit palace relics (2IX13-7Mll).
              On the local levol
          a    Presenting general mles for conserving heritages in city planning
             - Developing historically and acadumically important heritages as historical education facilities and trurist sites

             - Surveying and monitoring the actual state of conservation.
    -                        p~~                --                               ~    ~         -
    Indicate areas where imprwement irould he desirable, and towards ahlch tli? Statc Party is workil g

    : Systrmatic   legal supplementation for de\.claprnent planning and heritage conservation
    -   There is ;I need for legal supplemcntalion for lhcritage conservation *hen city plans or land w e plans are!   '    1

        There is a need to recommend that local govcmrnents enact cultural herit~lgcconsenatian regulat ans.
                                                                                                                       I !  I
    - In order to derclup t a h n i ~ v c sC managing world heritages uorhshaps and extxrt seminars on mnserving~               i
        and managing world heritages will he held. Those responsible for nianaging world heritages will Je educatcd,
        and will share experiences and documents related to the consen;ation and management of world tentages.         1    I
I    Provide infonuation on any senices inr prott&n, consen'atinn m d presentation of heritages within the 0'24
    temtories 01 the State Party which have heen srt up or lhare been substantially improved since r; tiiication of
    the \Vorld Heritage Convention, if applicable:

      Preparation of guiding principles for the cotlsen.ation and management of ivorld heritages
     - Compiled guiding principles for the manaRement of laorid heritage!; (XI?) In accordance with dhostic law

       and international standards relate to ivorltl heritages; distrihutcd psit~riplesto relatcd agencies

o Development of monitnring techniques and luture plans
  - Prepared UhTSCO monitoring periodical report, held Asia-Pacific region conference 1?00iI

  - Researched the development of techniques for monitoring world heritages (20011, heightened the usability of,
1   materials, organized monitoring personnel according to region
  - Dynissioned 20 cultural properties adnlinistrative moYtors to b

                                                                         fully cponsiNe lor m i t o r i n g
    Future planr
     Cw out monitoring of world cultural heritages and develop a standard checklist (2003-2005)
     Carry out periodical monitoring of world hentages and educate and train administrators (200r,-2011)

    0       Systematic conservation and management of world hentages
                Prepare standards and pn~hibit changes in status quo (cultural properties protection law) in order to
                manage the scenev of areas adjacent to heritages
                Establish basic plan for conserving and restoring according bv h?itage and trpe, devise conse~eationplan
                through detailed surveys
               Itepairs, impr~\~ements, reconshuctions, restorations                                                       i
      Exchange of infiirmatinn hetween nations and world heritage workshaps
    -  Promoted exchange of information on world heritages in international exchange activities :agreed to
       Korean-Mexican exchange of cultural properties, 2001)
    - ileld 12001 UKESCO Asia-Pacific Workshop) and attended (2002 Workshop for the Consemation of Natural
      Ileritage, t\ustrali;il workshops in order to prepare periodical ivorld heritage repnrts
    - Gave presentation on dolmens at international academic seminar in order tc~establish plans for systematic'
      conservation, management, and application of dolmen sites.

      Increase public relations activities and form an information database                                        I
    - Published and distributed public relations booklet on Korean world heritages (yearly distributed t~ overseas
      public relations agencies, and relatcd agencies), formcd an internet cultural properties cyber field trip.
      recorded information on world hentages on the weh pages of the Cultural Properties Adminislration and
      other organizations related to \Vorld Heritage properties, held dolmen festivals                                     I
        Improvement 01 environment and tourism conditions                                                              I
    -   Continually improving facilities for visitors, improved information signs, used World Heritage cer ificates of
        authenticity and s!mhals                                                                                           1
        Improving thc displaying and management of relics
        - Restored palace relics in the Jongmyo Shrine and Changdrokgung Palace Complex and sul>plcmented,
          restoration facilities 12000-2001)                                                            I
1.3 Continued

         I Give the number of staff on the national lcvel directly involved in protcction, conserotion and pnsentation of(
         cultural and niiturnl hentogc:                                                                                        !
                             11'121. Kational Research Institute of Cultural Propertics N I , and those responsihli, for thr 161
            citglprovincial governments 12-31
         I .Assess their means to discharge their function in terms of influence on policy making and implemertation:

         I   Cultural Properties Administration
           .Cultural properties planning division: This division plays an important role in preparing polhies and a
             iinancial and legal system for cultural properties. They are responsible for establishing and mordinating
         1   policy on cultural properties and fur budget. Satiunal Isse~nbly,legal, and inspection duties.

         ' .Architectural cultural properties division: This division handles the basic matters of varitus policies
         1 concerning builtlings and cames out policy. They are reslnnsiblc for designating, cancelling, con;erving and
             managing buildings, traditional houses, and folk villages, handling duties related to materials fo- citir- and

     I       province-designated tangible cultural prowrties and folk cultural propdies, and the oi'erall opention t i the
             Cultural Properties Committee.

     1     .Royal palaces & tombs division: This division handles all matters related to palaces and cames out policy.
          They are responsible for the conservation and management of Joseon era palaces, tombs, and gardens and
          tile repairing and restoring oi related cultural properties.
     1       Buried cultural properties division: This division handles the basic matters related to excavating and/
          surveying burial-related cultural properties and carnies out policy. They are responsible for consevation and
          management of burial-rclated cultural properties and movable cultural properties, controlling crincs against
          cultural properties, the Kational Rrsearcl~ Institute for Cultural I'roperties, the Royal bluscun~, and the1
          Kationai Maritime Muscum.
             .                                               h
          Ilistoric sites dvision : This dvision deals ~ < t general matrcrs and carries out policy. They are resnnsihle for1
         designating cancelling, conserving and managing historical sites and protected areas, guiding the management of1
         city- and province-designated monuments, and cunswving and managing registered cultural pro,ropertics.              !
         Cultural properties restoration & technology division: This division deals with general matters and policies'
         related to repairing cultural propcrties They are responsible fur examining survcy specificatio.1~for the,
         conservation of cultural properties and repair work, offering directinii and guidance in technical matters, and
         also reswnsible lor training expert personnel in the repairing of cultural pro,roperties.                            !
        .Katural monuments division: This division handles all aspects of natural heritage. They are respmsible for1
     1    the designation, cancellation, conservation and management of famous sites, natural monuments and their
         protected areas, and management and guidance duties lor c i @ and province-designated monumcnt!.
     I.  Intang~blecultural properties division: This division handles all duties on an international level ant dl policy;
         related to World IIeritage. They are responsible for consen4ng and managing intangible cultural properties
         and impurtant folk matmials, and international exchange duties.
       0 Kationd Research Institute of Cultural Properties: Responsible for gathering hasic materials ueeded for

         academic and historical research of cultural properties, develnpmmt of scientific consenration technology for

     1   cultural properties and research necessan. for conservation
       c Cultural Properties Committee lles~nsiblefar surveying and reviering matters related t the c o ~ r n i h
          management and application of culturd propedics

                                         offices responsible fur conserving and managing appropriate sites a n restoring1
                                          there are exhibition halls responsible f i x conserving, managing, surveying,
         researching, exhibiting and presenting appropriate relics.
     Indicate areas where improvement would be desirable, and towards which thc State Party is working: X i
I                                                                                                            I


         Establishment ul departments esclusivcly R \\'orid Hcritage propertlcs and international exchang,

         Preparation of technical and financial plans for the systematic consemtion and management of World(
(        lientagc properties
1i   -   Secure an independent budget and prepare a fund lor World Ileitage Ivroperties, exchaqe technical'
         inhmation concerning conservation and management through intmational cachange, and devel~ipaverscas
     c Strengthening legal regulations and guidelines concerning World Heritage properties                   1
     -   Preparation of dearly statcd articles of domestic law concerning World Heritage properties          i
                                        -~    ~p
                                                    -.                  ~      ~      p       -

        Scientific and technical studies and research
                                    ~                                                          -p-         --

G - s i g n / i c a n t e % c and technical studics or research projects of a gcneral nature (site specific inhxmat~on,028
 should be r e ~ ~ r t eupon under Section 11.41 that would lbenefit World Ileritage propcrties, initiated o - completed.~
 indicate also how the study results are disseminated and/or lhoiv they can he accessed:                                I
          Scientific and technical research projects                                                                         ~
        - Genera! survey rescarch of Korean ciolmens (Cuiturd Properties Administration, Seoul National I!niversity

           hluseum, 20001                                                                                           I

        -   Research on the conservation and management of stoneuwrk cultural properties (Cultural Properties
            Administration, The Korean Society of Conservation Science for Cultural Properties, 2002)
        - A his to^ of Korcan architecture (Ju Aim-cheol, 20001

    I    General projects
        - Research on World Heritage properties policies and monitoring systems (Cultural Properties Adninistration.

          Korean National Committee for ICOMOS, 2001)
        - Ras~c plan for the conservation, management and application of cultural propedies     (Cultural Properties
          Administration. 20021
        - World Cultural Heritage in Korea (Samsung Foundation of Culture, 1932                                      1
    I    The results of research projects are prepared as booklets, CD-ROM and video materials, and di!tributed to'
         universities, public libraries, museums and related local public agencies, and used as scientific matirials or as
         ~eneralmaterials made available to the public.


    1 Using scientific, technical and general research projects as a springboard, a system for ensuring the safety'
     and nlonitoring World Heritage properties is being estahlishcd and periodical monitoring is being in~plemented.
     A plan for the svstematic conservation, management and application according to the characteristic; of World
     Heritage properties is being prepared. International cxchange and cooperation concerning Worl~i Heritage'
     properties is being promoted through the creation of information databases and the sharing of exp?ricnces in1
     managing properties. Joint research and surveys z e being carrid imt for similar t ~.e sof WorM ~ c n t a g e l
     urouerties- scientific exchange is being exoanded through the ~rcscntationoi general remrts. --
    --                                        ~~   ~~p
                                                     ~ ~ ~                               -~
                                                                                          ~   p    p

     List the arras where improvement would he desirable and towards ivhkh the State Party is working::            I 03
    )In addition to scientific research by experts, there is a need ior the compilatiun and distribution o materials
        that can be easily understood by the average wrson.

        Supplementing a system for sharing experiences and information through international exchange
    - Cwperate with countries who have similar World Heritage properties and engage in and support joint
          surveys and research and scientific rescarch projects
    -    Hold international scientific seminars and workshops
        There is a need to prepare for using World Heritage properties as places of historical education iofizr cultural,
i       expericnccs and field trips).
    -    Recognizing the value of World Heritage prnperties in the history of human culture
    p    p    ~    ~
                   ~          ~    ~
                                                                            ~              ~


     Measures f o r i d e n t i f i c a t i o n , protection, -
         -~           ~           ~        ~         p
                                                              --          ~
                                                                            presentation and r e h a b i l i t a t i o n
                                                                            -        --p-~                 -~p-~

     Does your cnuntn have spec~iic legislation and policies concerning identification, protection, tonsen~ation,030
    preservation and rehabilitation of national heritage?                                                             1  YES
    o'l'licrc is enforcement ordinance and enforcement regulations for the Cultural Properties Prottrtion Act, which
      is a swcial law lor the protection and management of cultural properties. Rcgionai develnpment policies are,
      regulaled by laws rciattd to land dc~elopment,such as general land planning laws, land use and management
      l a w , city planning l a w and building laws, and thrrc are also l a w for the conservation of the natural

     If YES, please give details. pasing particular attentm to measures concerning visitor management a n dI 031
    iewklpment in the region:
   Cultural Properties Protection Act

     Restricts or limits certain acts when neccssanr in managing or coilserving nationally and locally designated
     cultural propsties                                                                                                   !
     The influence of various denelopmcnt projects on cultural properties is determined, and these lirojects are
     canied out in consultation with the Cultural Properties Administratior (Article 201
 0 Land Use and Management Act IArticIc 13, enforcement regulation 2.7)
     Designates as Xatural Environment Conservation Areas as necessar, for the consenration and pirtection of
     cultural properties. The Cultural Properties Protection Act is applied whcn limiting activities surh as new
     construction, roconstroction, or expansion of buildings and other facilities at historical sites, famoui; sights. or
     natural monuments designated by the Cultural Properties Plotection Act and their protected areas.
 3 Urban Planning Act (Articles 18-19)

     Designates areas as protected areas in terms of Urban planning law when necessary to protect and conservel
    important cultural properties
  cultural p r o p t y protection areas fall under the jurisdiction of the Cultural Properties Protcctioii Act, and      i
     protective measurcs are studied, such as not allowing the construction of buildings and other iacil~tiesexcept
    those designed to protect cultural properties.
 1 Katural Parks Act (Articles 18, 23)

    Permission ior building, rebuilding, expandng, or moving structures within the park area must t e obtained
    from the park administration oifice, and permission from the park office may only be given after consultation
    with related administrative agencies.
    Consultation with Cultural Properties Administration for protection of cultural properties within the ,ark area.
    Areas that have special conservation value, for example those in which nature is still in a primiti.,~ state of,
    consmation or there are animals, plants, or natural monumrnts to be conserved, will be desiinated and
    pnrtectcd as nature conservation areas.
    Concerning cultural properties located within areas in liational parks designated as nature consenvtion areas,
    only restoration of temples and facilities and supplementa~facilities for Buddhist temples witl~in temple
    groups with the recommendation of the relevant provincial governor and the Cultural properties'
    Administration will be allowed.
0 Environmental Influence Evaluation Act (Article 5)
1 Any development within a cultural property protection area must he preceded by an evaluation of the
    influence it will have on the environment, and permission will be granted only if it is detemined after
    evaluation that development will not interfere with the protection of rclated cultural properties.
 0 Forest Act L41ticles 16-17)
  . Designates and protects cultural property protection areas as protected forest regions; cultura property
8   protection areas designated according to the Forest Law are designated and managcd as nationil forests:
    project which affect the forest within natural monument and tangible cultural property pmtraion areas1
    (historical sites, sacred sites, e t d may only be caried out alter consultalion n-ith Cultural ~ropertiesI
I. 3 d Continued

                ~   ~~

         Convention in your country:
                                    ~   ~   ~   p~                ~~~   ~~        ~    ~
                                                                                       p    - --     ~

          L such measures hare been taken, have they had an impact on tlie implementation of the - World Hentagel 0 2 *
    1f YES, how                                                                                                                   ,   M3 ,
      o Regulation of construction within a certain distance from cnltural properties.
      o Implementation of restoration and repair work on cultural properties                                                      I
    lo  Imule~entation
    -~ oi envimmcnta imumwment ~roiectsaround cultuirl ompehes
                                   -  .                                                      ~

                                                                                                              ~   -   ~p~~

    ' Are the local communities involved in the conservation and protection of natural and cultural hentag::          YES
         Desc~ihethe actions undertaken to encourage active participation oi the local communities in the consnration ar1d035
        protection of natural and cultural heritage and assess thcir effectiveness:

     o Activities for the protection of local cultural properties
    I - Suwon municipal government held seminar concerning activities of local Erouys, with the theme of " ~ h e i
                                                                                       -         ~

         protection of cultural heritage and its problems in the era of local autonomy" (197).
      - Gochang-gun government sdected 20 monitors ior the protection and conservation of dolmns by anl
         objective and substantial investigation of the state of conservation of dolmen sites and an inve;tigation of
         the surroundings: held an international scientific seminar in ordrr to establish plans for the systematic
         conservation, management and application of dolmen sites.                                                    I
      - Jeollanam-do provincial government held "World lleritage Monitoring Domestic Training Il'orkshop' (20001.             8

      - Hacinsa Temple held "UKFSCO World lietitage Protection Seminar" in cooperation with the Kore;m Kation:~]

        Co~nmitteefor UKESCO 1199818).                                                                                I
      - The Cultural Properties Administration implements yearly twning for national honorary cultural properti~s!

        administrators and cultivates personnel for the protection of cultural properties.

         8    Significance and effectiveness of activities
             - These were opportunities to raise interest in protecting local cultural properlies in local socieiy and they
               were highly effective in naturally creating an atmosphere for active participation by the citizens.
             - They were effective in increasing understanding of cultural properties and a sense of respoitsihility in
               protecting them.
I. 3. d Continued
- 7~-~~~              ~
                             ~~   --           ~~        ~   ~
                                                                                    ~   p   ~    p -
                                                                                                   - ~p~
                                                                                                       ~ -          ~                   p            -   ~   ~

             Is the rirwate sector involved in the conservation and protection of natural and cultural heritage?

        Describe the actions undcskaken to involve the private sector i n the iconservation and protection of natural and
     cultural heritage sites:
       0 Cultural proprtics consenation policies and citizens' activities suited to regional characteristics              I
       - On thc national government level, policy is being established to allow local activity for the protection of

          cultural heritage properties through the rel;~tionships with local self-governing bodies anc the local,
          population, legal foundations are being prepared for the support of cultivation of citizens' group?, and plans
          lor financial support are being examined from various angles.                                                   I
             - In apprnl~riateareas, cultural heritage protection conimittees are being formed with the participation of both
                 local experts and the general popukice, and monitoring activities and education of citizens in lhe~itageareas
                 are constantly being carried out.
             Q   Cultural property protectors activities
     ,       -    Cultural proprties administrative monitors 1               403 cases submitted of monitorinr results and
                  improvement processes: honorary cultural property administrators II9K5-20331: 5,167: citizens p&ls are very
                  active i n palace information positions, such as palace guards and p;ilacc guides
                                                             ..~-                   ~    p    p    ~

             Are NGOs involved in the conservation and protection of natural and cultural heritage?

             ieritage sites:

              Describe the actions undertaken to involve A'GOs in the conservation and protection of natural and cultural, 039

                Constmction of a network of support and cmperation with KG0 cultural properties group
              - Founded the Katural Heritage Conservation Association cornoration, financial support for the cultural

                  properties protection activities of the Korean Association fur Bird Protection
                Cooperation with KGOs in each cultural property field, increasing participation and consultation in cultural!
                property protection policies (joint research, seminars, etc.1
             ) Cooperation in protection through mutual assistance and information exchange

             - While there are no official channels between agencies of World Heritage properties, there is mutual

                                                                              2 1 5.)
                assistance through attending the KI General .4ssemblg 1 W . ahen necessary and maintainink a contact)
                svstem with imoortant KGOs.
                                 -                     -~
             Indicate if, on the basis of the experiences gained, policy and/or legal reform is considered necessasy:

             Describe why this is the case and how a new pulicy/legislation should be conceived:
             i Preparation of legal regulations and guidelines related to World Heritage properties                           I

               In order to prepare clear articles of domestic law related to World Heritage properties, matters related to
               World lleritage properties are being rcflected in revisions of the Cultural Properties Protectioi Act and
               enforcement regulations. World Heritage registration and management guidelines that specifically reflect the
               contents of the World Heritage Convention are being developed (20021.                                            I
             I There is a need for systematic backing ior support necessary to raise citizens' sense of resplniibility for;

                cultural properties and make them more active in the formation of cultural property policies.
               The professional capacity of administrative monitors needs to be raised and support for monitoring activities
               needs to be incrtascd. Plans need to be studied for the payment of special allowances in ac~ordanc~r the1
               results of monitoring activities.
               Residents, schools, businesses, and private groups of villages near cultural properties, should be con~missioned
               as honorary cultural proper@ administrators or sister organizations, and a network of cooperatitn for the
               protection of cultural properties should be formed among the local population.
               Volunteer work should be encouraged to form a system of protecting and guarding cultural propertes by the
               citizens, and the gathering of opinions needs to be systematized.
         0       There is a need to break free from the method of conscning culturai properties centered on existing national
                 apencies and strengthen a neturork ~-
                                   -                of cooperation-i n cirnsereine cultural urooerties.

                                                                                                          - -                               ~-
I. 3. d Continued
 -                                                            ~               ~   p     ~      p
                                                                                               ~       ~
                                                                                                       - ~~p     p
                                                                                                                 ~~ ~

     ~ < ~ L ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ a ~ c o l ~ for ~the protection ~ofi cultural
             'ratified by thc State Party:

                                      \     e r 1 t i          n s                    or natural heritage have bee11 signed or 042

                  Convenfinn on the Means of Prohih~tingand Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer ol Ownership
                                                                                                                                           I   -

                   of Cultural Property (signed 1983. 5. 11.1
         0        Convpntion on Wetlands of Intemati~lnalImportance Especially as 'llateriowl llahitat (signed 1997. 7. 28.)
              0   Convcnrion on Biological Diversity (signed 19114 10. 3.1
              0   Conventitm on Ititernational Trade in Endangered S w ~ i e s Wild Fauna antl Flora (CITES) (signed I!#. 7, 9.1
              0   International Plant Protection Convention (signed 1953. 12. 8.)
          Described how the applicatm of these different legal instruments is coordinated and integrated in nationali 013
         policies and planning:


              o 110th the spirit and letter of these international conventions have been applied to domestic law SI that they
                may be coordinated and integrated with domestic policy.
               - Related domestic laws include the Cultural Property Protection k t , the katurai Environment ionsen&n

                 Act, the Land Use and Management .Act. the City Planning Act, the Forest Act, and thl, Wetlands
                 Conservation Act.                                                                                            I
                                                                   -. -                            .   -              -
                           .   ~   ~   ~     ~    -    ~    ~     ~   p    -

      Indicate relevant scientific and technical measures that the State Party or relevant institutions withi, the s t a t e 01
     have taken for the identification, protection, conservation, presentation and rehabilitation or cultural ind naturd
     0    Researched to establish basic policies for the conservation and management of stonework and woodwork1
          cultural properties, added and expanded cultural property protection areas
      0 Held scientific seminars and workshops, preventatively conserved antl managed cultural properties through the1

     ! development of cultural property safety diagnosis techniques antl periodical safety diagnosis, purchasud
        advanced safety inspection equipment (non-destructive inspection auipment) (2000-2001). deve1op.d research!
        on a advanced system for safe& insllections (20W-2001)
         Accumulated technology and expanded advanced scientific equipment for protecting cultural propsties from

         biological damage and cnvironmental pollution
      0 Gochang, Hwasun, and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites: Cultural property protection areas were added anll expanded

         to protcct the dolmen sites, detailed index and excavation surveys were canied out for the systematic'
        conservation and restoration oi dolmens and plans to consenpc and apply dolmen sites as well as lasic plansl
        to conserve and restore the sites were established, allowing systematic conservation and management of the
      0 Computrnze building plans for Hwaseong Fortress (plans to promoti: in 2003 the computerization 31 building

        plans compiled in 1974 during the repairing of Hwaseong Fortress)
      0 Surney state of conservation and conservation environment of important cultural propertie: such as

        Smkguram Grotto (2002-2011)                                                                                  1
      0 International scientific seminars for the consen~ationof natural heritage                                    1
        Holding international seminars for the efficient conservation of natural heritage and the strengthening of,
        international cooperation
        "Consernation of natural heritage" (?OW. 12.). "Policies and systems lor consenration and man~gement of                I
        care hentage" (2001. LO.)                                                                                              I
I. 3, d Continued       ~~

        ! Indicate relemt financial measures that till State Pa~tl-or relevant authorities have taken fur the i h l & t i f i c a t a
                                               p   ~   -   ~

                                 prcsentalion and rehabilitation of cultural and ~iaturalheritage:
         protection, c~~nservation,                                                                                              I
            o     Sourcc of financial resenuc' supplementxy project funds from ill? Katianal Trcasun for rcjtoration of;
        !         cultur;~lproperties
        1        - Cdhd Prowies Rotirtion Act Article h I ~ i l i n m iw,           and M c l e s 1, 13 and I of the b~~dgetingandl
        1            management of supplemnta~funds law

                 - Ini,estPd cih funds to buy land in order to creatt: a scenic view for the cultural property of Hwaseong
                 - Gochang Dolmen Sites, the Cultural Properties Administration receircs supplementary funds ;early from,
                     the Kational Treasury ior the systematic conservation and management of the World Hcritaj:e pro pert^,^

                     and promotes the conservation, development and restoration of the dolmen sites (national fund!,: m?4, city!
                     funds: 15%. county funds: 15%).
            0 Collection of admission lees lor presenting cultural properties based on Article 39 of the Cultural Prowrties
                 Protection Act
                 - Part of the revenue obtained from cultural property admission fees is used for the protcction of natural and
                    cultural heritage                                                                                                 l
            0 Sponsorship funds and donations for conserving cultural properties

                - The provision of 150 million wonlUSD 120,WOi in sponsorship funds and donations is being promoted for
                    the Gochang and Ganghwa Dolme~iSites. % l U S D = 1250 won
            0 Preparation of a fund for conservation of cultural properties

               - Promoting      the creation of a fund for the consen,ation of cultural properties and other funds for!
                   commissioning rcse~chers.           p~

             Is there an annual budaet allowance for the protection and conservation of World Heritage sit:s in vour046

            :owtry?                                                                                                           YES !
             If YES,is it specifically for a property or is it part of a regular budgct covering culture and environment?               M7
               While there is no specific separate budget for World Heritage sites, a part of the Cultural Properties
               Administration's regular budget for conservation and management is being uscd.                                       I
             1. Reguiar budget for culture and environment as a while                                                               I
              0 Source of financial revenue: supplement~ry project funds lrom the Kational Treasury for restoration                 of^
                  cultural properties
                - U t d R&es                                    '3
                                         Protection Ad Mcie 2 , I ~ n finance law, and Articles 4. 13 and I6 of the butigeting and
                    management of sumlmntary funds law                                                                              I
                - For repiring and restoring nationally designattd cultural propelties, 70% of the funds comt from the

                    National Treasuty and 30% come lrom local funds; for locally designated cultural properties. :0% of the
                    funds come irom the National T r e a s u ~and 3%comc from local iunds.
                - Funds are used to cover repair costs for conserving the original state of cultural promrties, cleaning the
    I                                                                                                       ~   ~

                   environment around cultural properties, preventing fires at cultural properties, and for purchasng phvate'
                    oroce~Q                    . . . orotection areas.
                    . . . within cultural orocertv .                                                                               I
               0 Collcction of admission fees for presenting cultural properties bascrl on .4rticlc 39 of the Cultural ~iopellies~
                   I'mtection Act
                - Part of the revenue obtained from cultural property admission fees is used for natural and ~.ultur,dheritage        1
            2. Special budgets for the conservation and support of World Heritage sites
               Gochang. Hwasun, and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites - Investment and loaning of central government Iundj approved
               (Ministry of Govenunent Administntion and Home Affairs): established plans lor expanding sources of revcnue
               by year ( t a d p r o j ~ tbudget = 2 5 billion won, USD 21,203,0301
                Surveys of Silla cultural sites ifunds from Nationd Treasunr in 2002: 370 million won(USD ZSli(XXI1, totall
                project [cost from 2002-2011: 13.1 billion won, USD 10;180.W
                 Promoting general maintenance to conserve the value of World h i t a g e sites and utilize them on the
                 tourism level, aside from the basic conservation and management (Gochang, Hwasun, and Ganghva Dolmen;
                 Sites, Hwaseong Fortress, etc.)
                 World Heritage sites monitoring (10 million ~ n USD 8,M.2003)
               X Examples from the 2002 budget (in thousands of wiml: preparation of materials for registerng ~ o r l d l
                   Heritage sites !II,XOJOi, puhlicatian of publicity booklet for registered World lieitage site! i15X001.'
                   promoting nominations lor registration on the World Heritage 1st i.i,2671, preparation of materials lor
                   nominations for registration on the World Heritage list (15,0001, IINESCO trust Iund for thc conseri'ationl
                                     p   -     ~
                            ~   ~    p   p
                                                   ~~                          -      ~       p      ~~p~~
                                                                                                     ~ ~

                         information oil the presentation of cultur;il and natural heritape, which can refer to nuh1ications.i OW
        sntemet u.eb pages. films, stamps, postcards, hooks, etc. (please ,ittach esamples for all World ~critagel
        properties. if porilU!l:

    0Publicity materials and booklets containing photographs and explanations of Worl(1 Heritage prjpcrties are
     prnduced and distnbted lix exmplc, iuirean lniomatirr Scn'icc's ' Ilmdhook d K a ~ i , "''"i[rId~
    1Heritage in Korea." etc.)
  o Cooperation with educational inst~tutionsto offer field trip education to students
  0 Tourism promotion departments and tourism infonn;ition kiosk have been established and are distributing

 0 Web pages related to World Heritage properties lCultural Properties Administration http:/lwwuocygo.h,~

     tourist maps and tourist information k g . Gseongju Historic Area), and tourist guides aid cultural
     commentators are stationed at sites where thev offer information to visitors k g . Gochang Dolmen Sites)

     Korean National Heritage Online: http:,'/wi~~w.heritage,go.I~r, Seoul Culture and Tourism::

    http:l/wwu7.\ Cultural Center: http:,:1wwn..silla.or.kr1guidc,Ganghwagun Ilomepage:
                                 Silia, Gochanggun Bomepage: http://m~w.gochang,, S ~ w o n City
    Homepage: http://www.suuronne.krienglishiindex.htm. Temple Mnmepage: http://\br~v\
   - Gochang, Iiwasun, and Canghwa Dolmen Sites

      Creation of tourist booklets and dolmen souvenirs (medals) 1 Creation and distribution of dolmfn publicity
      pamphlets (distributed at expressway rest stops, hmous tourist sites, and World Cup stadiums) I Owning
      and operation of dolmen web site ./ virtual dolmen tour
   - Hacinsa Temple Janggycong Panjeon

      Haeinsa Newsletter (monthly), llapinsa Temple guide booklet, postcards, reproductions oi the 'l'ripitaka,
     Tripitaka key chains, glass sculptures
   - Gyangju Ilistoric Areas

     Gyeongju hlt. Kamsan Travelogue
I0 Stamps to commemorate World Heritage property registration
            . .
1 - 4.2 mdl~onstamps of t x o types were issued in 197 to commemorate the registration of Scokguam Grntto

            and Dulguksa Temple on the World Hentage list.
                    pes of stamps wcre issued to commemorate the registration of Hwaseong Fortress on the World
1           Heritage list.

 Identify areas where improvements of the measures taken for the identification, protection, coxervation, 049
$resenation and rehabilitation of World Helitage properties would be desirable. and towards which the State,
Party is working:

          lksalutian of technical and finarcial suppirt issues fur the systematic consewation and managemen: ut World

          Heritage prolxrties
        0 Perception of World Heritage properties needs to be improvd, and high-level agencies need tc be more8

          activelv involved,
        o There is a need for order when viewing World lleritage properties, and palticular affection for aud interest!
          in cultural heritage,
        0 Establishment of research institutes for the conservation of World Heritage properties
l~~&de    infohation on the training and educational strategies that have been implemented withi, the Statc 050
 party for prolcssional capacity building:

    I   On the national level
    I. Consemation and management techniques
    8 .Cultural pruperty maintenance technician training il978-present)
      Cultural property administrator education ilM-present)
        Ilonoran. cultural p u ~ x r t yadministrator education

I     .Cultural property consen.ation science tcchnic~aneducation (1902-1
      Cultural property admiiustrator monitoring training and education
2 . Conservation and management techniques and expert kni~alcdge
( . Restoration by cultural property maintenance experts
      . Established National Iksearch Institute of Cultural I'rowrties as a sul~sidian. E
        Properties Administration, carried out scicntilic research and surveys
        Research by university museums and relevant professors

        0       On the individual administration and local levels
(               Haeinsa Temple in Hawham operation of brass gong exhibit, u'oodblock demonstrations, woodblock
                education, cultivation of experts in woodbiocks
                Expert government employees stationed at cultural properties by each local sell-governing body
I           '

        Were training needs lor institutions or individuals conccrncd with the protection and consewation of heritage 051

I. 3. e continued
                                    ~                                         -~ -
                                                                                -~ -

         If YES,list the priman needs:
              0On thc national level                                                                                               I
               There is a great danger of damage to World Heritage prowrties due to a lack of understarding of the1

               significance of World Cultural lleritage among visitors.
               - There is a need for individual awareness raising to conserve precious culiural heritage icitizen:.' education.1

          1       raising awareness of cultural sites, publicizing importance of sitcsl.
            0 Lack of understanding of lhentage l~roperties                                                                        1
          1    - in the case of dolmen site., theses and presentations by academic exycrts did not agree, causing much

                  difficulty in understand the dolmcns.
                                                                                                                               I O?

          1    - T h s n research materials, and presentations concerning cultural propesties arc primady i l e work of,

                  experts, and thus difficult for the general populace to understand.
             .World Fleri~geproperties a n managed a m d i n g to the standards of intornationa law and international
              organizations, such as the guidelines for implementing conventions concerning World Cultural Heritage and
                                                  Heritage Convention, and directly relevant regulations in domestic law are'
                                                  for those on the local level to understand relevant matters.
             .There is a need ior voluntary cooperation from citizens related to the monitoring of Word Heritage'
          1   properties and a high level of awareness from those responsible for monitoring, but the educatior~system is
              still insufficient.
          ( 0 On the individual administration ;nd local levds

              Haeinsa Temple in Ilapchwn: There is a nctd for special care not to damage the charactcrs whm touchin
              or taking out the woodblocks, sterilization must he stressed during interior viewing a d surveys, ;and inter(:
      ph!!!!~..!!us~~ntrolkL-                              .            .      -                                 -
                                                                                                                ..         -

      I~'ereexisting training opportunities in )-our State and in other countncs identified?                     YES

      1f YES, please give details:

      1               Hacinsa Temple in Hapcheon: Research is being carried out within llaeinsa Temple on tht Tripitak,
      1               A conservation training program is held yearly in Kara. Japan for UKESCP .Asia-Pacific officials

      Have you developed training modules or programmes for the World Heritage sites?                           YES

      11f YES, give details

              0       The Cultural Properties Administration, the Kational Research Institute of Cultural Properties, tle Kureai
      ,               National Committee for UhESCO and the Korean Kational Committee for ICOMOS have coomated ti
      i               develop monitoring training pograms for World lleritage officials and citizens bp developing a nonitorin[
                      index, researching mo~toringmethodology and t r a i ~ n gheritage administrators.

              0       Periodic monitoring of World Heritage properties and establishment of plans for cawing out edu:ation anc
                      training for administrators (2006-20111
I. 3. e Continued
         .              ~       ~-              ~            ~~   ~   --                        ~
                                                                                            ~ ~ - ~ - p

          I   Has staff received training in or outside 01 your country?                                            YES
          1 If YES, give details.
                    '       '

              Asia-Pacific region training program lor the sumeying and restoration of historical monuments 1X01 11. 1.
                 1%.3.. Nasal
              Staff sent to "Asia-Pacific region training program ior the conscr\'ation oi wooden structurcs" at japar

                 Asia-Pacilic Cultural Center lor 1INESCO IACCUI 1.X02. 10, - 11, liaral
               Training within the countrv is exolained in detail in 059.
          ,       -~                                                                                          -

         I Give details on the establishment or development the national or regiond centres lorlil training and vducation in11
                            ~         ~~                                                                 ~

             the protection, consemation and presentation 01 cultural and natural heritage applicable):
         i On thc national level

         1 lleld Asia-l'acilic region conference to prepare periodic monitoring report for LKESCO (2001)
         : . Commissioned res~archlor the development oi World Heritage monitoring technioucs (2001. 12.1
                   Plans for periildic monitoring of World Heritage properties and education and training lor adninistratorsl
                    ('200fj-2011)                                                                                                    I
                   Gochang Ilolmen Sites
                   Invited ioreign experts (archamlogists) and held international scientific conference to illuminate :he cultural,
                    excellence of the dolmen sites and develop consenration and usage plans
                   Fonned an expert academic a d v i s o ~committee lor the protection, consen'ation, identiiication and restoration
                    of the dolmen sites
                   There is a need to hold briefing sessions for goimnment officials, relevant agencies. private and social
                    organizations, and the local population, and invite acadmic experts for education and training in order to
                   protect and conserve the dolmen sites.
                                                                                                                                        I        ,
                   Haeinsa Temple in Hapchcon: Woodblock and brass gong experier~ce (education) programs will be hpcome~
                   active due to the establishment of a Ilaeinsa Temple "Uuddhist Sinhaeng Culture Complex."
                            ~                                         -

              lescribc the degree to which such training has been integrated within the existing university and educational 060
                                                                                                                                   -,            I


              >There has been no integration.
                                                                                                                                        I:       I1
                                       ~~                                                  .
              ndicate the steps that the State has taken to encourage scientific rescarch as a support to trining and 061
                educational activities concerning heritage:
               The Cultural Properties Administration, the Kational Research Institute oi Cultural Propehes, the Korean

                National Committee for UNESCO and the Korean Kational Committee for ICOMOS have cotpcrated to;
                develop a monitoring index, researching monitoring methodology and training heritage administra ors. 12001.1
               Commissioned research to prepare policies lor World Heritag; propliies 12W1 12.)
               Periodic monitoring of World Heritage properties and establishment oi plans for cawing out ed~cationand
                training lor administrators (20(Xj;~2211               ~               ~.
              lentify areas where improvement would be desirable and toward whirh the State Party is working:

        Preparation oi education programs related to World H~ritageproperties
       .4long with education for those responsible for cultural properties, there is an ument need for education for
         local government officials responsible [or World Heritage propertirs, including full knowledge ci relevant
                                                                                                                             '      1 1

         international com~entionsand systems, understanding the actual condition of management of Kor:an World,
     ' lleritage projlerties and monitoring training.
      0 Expert training programs and overseas training                                                                              1
       There is a need lor sending staff to ovcrscas training programs in each subjcct, such as manajement of,

         World Heritage properties and experiences in planning consenration in each country, and expert training
         progranis in pasticular are needed.
                                       .    ~
                                                        ~-                 ~~p~
1.4, International Cooperation and Fund Raising
This item refers particularly to Articles 4, 6: 17 and 18 of the Convention:
    -,-      '~ ~~~
                                       ~     ~~~~~               ~

                                                                                                                       ~   Y~~

        General llalicy dcvelopn~ent

                              ~~                                                             ~

          Provide detailed information on the co-operation with othcr State Parties for the identification, protection.,
          consewatlon and presemation of the World Heritage located on their tet~itnries:
           o Held workshiips ior the exchange ol information between nations and periodical regional reports
               Prepared database on regions rclcvant to World Heritage, exchanged standard
               conducted exercises to prepare periodical regional rellorts
           o llevelopment oi training programs and implementation of joint resexch
             Planned to accornulate relevant experience, knowledge and techniques through joint research on stonework
             cultural properties, wooden cultural properties, and il'orld Heritage properties with similar cliaracteristics.
           o Keed for raising awareness of World Heritage and active participation hetiveen Member States
        ' - There is a need for technical and linancid support lor and particular interest in World Heritage properties.
        ,~                                                   ~            ~
                                                                                                 ~          ~~

        T o summarize the information given above, please indicate the type ol cooperation
        Jactivities imultiple answers passible):

         B i and multilaterd agreements                                              (   i
         Hosting and/or attend in^ of international training coursrs/scn~inars       (0)
         Financial support                                                           (   1
         Distribution of inionnation material (please attach copy)                    C
         Other lolease suecilv)                                                      C i
         Indicate which measures have been taken to avoid damage directly or indirectly to the World Heritage on thel 055
         emtory of other States Parties:
                                                                                                                     I               I
         io measures haw bcen taken. - - -
                    . -                              ~   ~           -           p               ~     ~

         Do you have World Heritage sites that have been twinned with others at the national or internation11 level?       '   066

      If YES, give details about the form of cooperation:
      J Gochang. Hwasun, and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites:
                                                                                                                      !I 067
        Plans for continuous yearly publication of matends about such cases as England's Stonehenge, Irelind's A'ew
        Grange in Bmgh Na Boinne, and Japan's Asuka Historical hluseum in Kara, along with efforts t~ consewe
        historical and cultural value and convert this into economic value.
      1 South Koroa and North Korea

       Dolmens similar in origin and character are also scattered around North Korea. and studv is neednl for olansl
       to cooperato and offer technical and financial support lor their systematic consenzation and managiment, and
       thcro arc plans for future exchange projects between South Korea and North Korea.
      0 South Korea and Japan
        South Korea and Japan have a long histon, of exchange due to geographical proximity, and there are a large
    I number ol cultural properties and World fleritage prowrties with similar characteristics. As such, i.ooperation
    I through joint research of these areas has been going on since 1995.

    :      Korea-Japan joint research on cultural property cor~semation environment and restoration techi~iques fby
           Korea's Rational Research Institute for Cultural Pmperties and Japan's National Research Institute for
           Cultural Properties. Tokyo1
       First I{orea-Japan Joint Research Project (1%5-20001: International joint research on the inluence of,
    I cnvironmental pollution on cultural properties and restoration technicjutis
        Second Korea-Japan Joint Rcscarch Project 12000-20053: Joint rcrearch on the mechanisms irvolved in!
    1  damage to stonework cultural prn~ertiesand monitoring
I. 4, Continued

           Havc national, public, and private foundations or associations bccn established for rasing funds ard donations IM
          for the protection nl World Hcritago?                                                                      KO

      1 If YES, give details:

          Has the State Party given assistance to this end?

          If YES, give details:

                                                                                                                          I       i


      globally improvc the work on the Conwntion?
                                                                                           p~                        .-
       Has the government made voluntary contributions to the World Heritage Fund, besides the rnandato-y ones, t o 072
                                                                                                                        L.~       i

          If YES, give details such as year and amount, and indicate if they have been allocated to a particukr site:

            UKESCO trust fund for thc consendon of Korth Korean cultural properties
            Established through UliESCO lor the pulpose of preparing plans lor the consenzation of Ko~th Korean
            Goguryco burial mound murals and strengthening conservation abilities, and offering technical an3 financial,
            supjnrt lor the consenchon of national cultural heritage and support for registcring properties for the World
            Ileritage list (100.000 dollars).
           - 2000. 11. 17 : First remittance of lW,000 dollars to the trust lund (offered quipment for the :-emoval ofl

                             moisture and prevention of water leakage in the Yak5uri Goguryeo burial mound1
           - 2W1. 12. 26 : Semnd remittance of 100,000 dollars to the trust lund (executed expert sunrej 01 burial

                              mound murals, educated Korth Korean experts, held workshops lor local experts)
           - 2W?. 2         : Offered books and materials an Goauweo burial mound murals (374.900won)
                                        ~                      ~~
                                                                    ~                 ~p
1.5. Education, Information and Awareness Building

This item rcfers particularly to Articles 27 and 28 of the Convention on educational programmes. Information on
site-specific activities and programmes should be provided under item n.4

             i    Have steps bn.n taken by the State Party to raise the aaareness or decision-makers, property oaners andlor 071
                 the general public about the protection and conservation oi cultural and natural heritage?  YES
         I                                                                                                                                     I
             ' li YES, please give details:                                                                                     075            1

             Invited foreign experts (archaeologists1 and held international scientific conference to illuminate the cultural

           , excellence of the dolmen sites and develop conseri~atiunand usage plans: three sessions 11998. 2001, 2001)
             Held an expert academic advison comlnittce for the conscr\.ation and management of the dolmeli sites: one
             session CE000)
            0 Hatinsa Temple in Hapcheon

             Offered iniormation for visitors held question and answer sessions and ofiered materials on tie Internet,
             produced vidm materials ior public broadcast on the conservation oi heritage KBS. MIIC, SBS)
            0 Raised the general public's awareness of World Heritage properties by distributing booklets and CLk about1

              Korea's World Heitage properties at educat~onaagencies and oversas information agencies
            0 Palace Youth Culture School, Youth Summer Culture School
         i Education and conservationlprotection programs concerning natural heritage and cultural heritage are being'
             operated for young people during summer recess.
                                  ..                    -.               .                -
                      p - ~ p - ~ ~ ~
                                                                                                             pp~            ~


            Provide information on education !primary, secondary and tertiary) and information programmes that have been 01b
         undertaken or are planned to strengthen appreciatim i~nd rcspcct by the ppulatinn, to keep the put~lic bmadly~
         iniormed of the dangers ot threatening the heritzlge and of activities carried out in pursuance of the i:onvention:~

         o During lO97, the "Year of Cultural Heritage," activities were performed to heighten the public auareness of:
           cuituial properties, and the "Cultural Heritage Charteil was established, preparing the basic guidelines lor
     1     protecting cultural properties.
         o In order to strengthen cultural prowrtics education in elementary schools the Cultural Properiies
            Administration and the Korean Institute of Curriculum Evaluation jointly produced and dist~ibuted the

            booklet. "Cultural Prowrties Education - Th-~od,
          Does the State I;& participate in the UKESCO Special Pniect Young People's Partic-wtion in World 077
         Heritage Preservation and Promotion?

                 0    Kyongju International Youth Culture Camp 2000
                                                                     and Practice."

                                                                                                       YES                         r   i

                     - (Held by the Organizing Committee for the Gscong,iu World Cultural Expo and the Korean Kational

                        Committm for UKESCO. 2N13 9.25 - 30)
                       89 young people from 30 different nations attended under the themu of "Youth, Culture and ~ncollnter"
                       Carrid out with the goal of organizing and strengthening a network to maintain continued the interest of        1
                       the young pwplr of the world in World Cultural Heritage, and olli!ring an opportunity for joint iooperation
                       to research plans for promotion of a participatory spirit in each young person that will establisli a culture
                       of peace and protection for cultural heritage.

     lo   International Youth Festival Kyungju Workcampi2000 ?002)
       Under the theme of "Peace is in our hands, You can make a difference," volunteer activities fur MI. P;amsan,1
     1 Yangclong Villagt: and other such areas, publicizing World Cultural lleritage, and monitoing was ianied out1
     ~.(2W. 7. I - 29, 2(U 7, 14-27)
        .           5 ~~~               ~   ~         .                                                                 ~
1.6. Conclusion and Reconmended Action

   ~-                                                    ~~~   -                   --                   ~ p -      --

         1 Please summarize the main conclusions regarding the identifici~tionof culturd and natural herita~eproperties, 078 j
         ( s e e item 1.2.1:

         1 o Registration process lor World lleritage pmperties
         I                                                                                                                               I
         -       Kationally and locall? designated i:ultural properties: in order to identify natural and cultural h i t a g e licld
                 studies are carried out on the locd and national lcvels and cultural properties are desipvted ration;llly or,       i

     I-          Preparatory surveys for registration of World Heritage properties, compilation of Tentative List: In order to
                 promote registration as World Heritage properties those desigl~ated cultural properties whi:h have a

     I           universal valuc in the histow of humanity, they are inscribed on the Tentative list in cooperation with
                 local authorities. The participation ill citizens' associations and locd organizations in the inscription process
                 is cncouraged.
             -   Nomination for inscription: Oppartunities lor the opinions of the local papulation to be heard ani measures(
                 and policies for the luture consernation and management of heritage are prepared, and plans arc estahlished
                 lor management after a property is inscribed on the \Vorld Heritage list.

                 insciptim on [he World Heitage List has been promold considering the benefits ol stnnglheninp the
                 Image of a cultural nation, application of heritage as educational and tourism resources and te:hnical and
                 Iinanciil aid from L'KESCO. Systenlatic conservation and management oi hcritape is being attempted due to
                 inscription on ihc World Heritage List.
      - ~                       -~                    ~p~
                                                       ~~                                              p-
                                                           -                                  ~   p   -   p   ~
                                                                                                                ~ ~~p~                   -1
                     summarise the main conclusions regarding the protection, conservation and presentation of the
            cultural and natural heritage (see item 1.3.):

        0        In iunb to pmtect and cmservi natural and N t u n h a g systematic l e a mechatism: are heing~
                 strengthened on the national level, the basic plan fur the consen~ation,management and arplication of~   ~

    1I           Lliltwd pm/ETti~has k t n established, and mmpxhensive and systematic manzemnt plans m king lircpard.

    1       0   Sepamte domestic legal repulations a v being made concnniq World Ileritage propcsties, guide nes lor t h e
                conservation and management of World Heritage properties and monitoring standard checklist:; arc being
                prepxrd, anti training programs are being deveio~d.
    0            As policies for the application of cultural resources, the environment s u m u n d i n ~cultural prrpesties and,
    !            tourism conditions, such as the constluction of relics exhibition halls, landscaping, and impuvement of
                information signs, are being improved.
            0   On the scientific level presentation activities such as joint rfscarch, various seminars, scientific p~esentations,~

                and excavati?ns are being carried a$.

                                                                                      ~   p-
                                                                                                     -           p.~
                                                                                                                  --            .~
                                the main mclusions segarding the international m-opiation and fund ."sing     I s e i t m I4.I           %
   Currently promoting international exchange with nations possessing similar World fleritage prcperties and

   compilation of periodic implementation rcports, and exchange with other nations for the purpose of sharing,
, and exchanging knowledge                                                                                     I
1o There is a need for raising the awareness of World lleritage and active part~ciyation of llenlber states1

I  through workshops for the international exchange of information and compilation of periodital regional,
   repons the development 01 training progsams and the nnllementation of oint research T h e n is I oarticulari                                       I
I need for strengthening intcrnationd supwrt to prevent damage to cultural properties in other nations.                              1
0  South Korea established a special fund lor tho preparation of consenzation plans and the streni:thcning of
1 consesiation ability, technical and iinancia support lor the conse~vation of national cultural heritage, andl                                   1
I ~ u p ~ o r t registration on the World Heritage list through IJSESCO for Korth Korea's Goguveo burial'
   mound murais.
    .                           -                                --                           -~


            Pes s d s e C m i n m l u i m scgardmg dwaticq infmtim a m ; buil&l (ah r 1.5.):
             lae                                                   d  ni          i
                                                                                                                                         i 1
                lnfomation is offered to visitors and question and m w e r sessions are held and materials o f f e ~ don the1

                Raised public awareness of World Heritage through the distribution of publicity booklets and X s about;
                                                                                                                                 I ,
                Korean World Heritage properties at education agencies and overseas infomation agencies.
                Education and c~~nservatio~protection programs concerning natuml and cultural hcntage are beirg held lor         I
                young people during the summer vacation (Palacc Youth Culture School, Youth Summer Cultur School).                                I
                CDs and booklets for education and publicity are distributed vidm materials produced by public1
                hroadc;isting on heritage presen-ation are televisd, and Intemct materials are published in all elfort to,
                create a cultural awareness.
            0   Effurts are being made to raise public awareness by cooperating with KGOs and supwstir g various1
!               publicity and other projects                ~~

i Give an overview of propovd future aation(s1:                                                                                  !
           1)evclopmcnt of educational programs related to World Heritage properties anti implementation of monitoring
         0 Strengthening supwr~tof KGOs and cooperatiun betwecn nations (regional workshops, joint researcl, etc.)

           Establishing a fund for the conservation and management of cultural properties                              I
                                                                                                                                 ~           i
         o Pseparation of basic domcstic legal regulations and establishment of conscrcation and management guidelines
           for the systematic management of Korld Heritage propflies                                                   1
                                                                                                                                 I           i!
         0 Lncreaw publicity activities and create infomation databases
.                  -           -            -                    . --                                             .              Ii
1.6. Continued
 ~-  -~                                                   --                                           -

         ikime thti agency responsible for impli.mcntation 01 these actions lif different from 0031:

                                              Kot applicable kame as 003)
                                              ~           -                                  ~-
         Give a timeframe for the implementation of the actions described above:
         3 1)evclopment of cducatinnal programs relatcd to World Heritage properties and implelncntation of monitoing

            lleightening a sense of voluntarp management and consenration among the local populations, clc\eloping field
            trip programs for World llentage properties, commissioning rcsearch lor the prcparation of a Wt'rld lleritage
            monitoring checklist
            Conservation and restoration
           The results of a comprehensive survey 01 the current state of consi.rvation of stonework and a a ~ d e n    cultural
           properties 12002-200,51 will he reflected in policy and restoration prolects will be carried out.
      0 Strengthening support of KGOs and cooperation between nations hgional ib~rkshops,             joint resear:h, etc.)
     1        Support volunteer work by palace guards, cultural property administrator monitors and honoiap cultural
              property administrators; supprt the education programs for World Hcritage being carried out by NGOs              8

              Engage in joint research with Mexico on stonewok cultural properties and exchange of inf~rmation on
              World Heritage properties, hold Asia-Pacific rcgion joint workshops for the preparation of perioliical reports8
              and monitoring, continuously promote of various scientific seminars
        0 Revise relevant laws to prepare cultural properties conservation fund and prepare multifaceted pans to finds

            sources of revenue for the fund
                                           legal regulations and establishment of conservation and managemert guidelines1
           for the systematic management of World Heritage propertics
            l m p r n i the surrounding environment and tourism conditions by improving information i n ! , prepaing1
            pathways for visitors, creating parks, constructing exhibition halls. and construrting hands-'1" learning1
       0 Increase publicity activities and create information databases
           Develop web sites and strengthen virtual b u r programsili for cullural properties, including World Heritage
          properties                                                                                                            I
       0 Establishing long-term management and conservation plans
           Execution of the basic plan for the conservation, management and application of cultural pr0~rties.1

        Indicate for which of the planned activities International Assistance from the World Heritage Fund may be 08j
       ieeded (if any):

           im~lementationof comprehensive restoration of cultural sites

           Expansion of technical and financial support

         - Support for workshops for exchange of information between nations and prcparation of periodi(al regional

            reports -.              .
                                    -                                                                       ~-

         Please give an analysis of the process by which the Convention was ratified by the State I'arty:             OR^
             Convention translated into Korean > consent of relevant de~artmentsgained -> examination bv the office1
             of Legislation > review by Cabinet Council > approval of the President gained > agreem2nt of the              1
             National rlssembly gained (when necessary) > signing and depositing ratification documents -:measures
             taken to ~romulgatedomesticallv iuublished in guvernment newsletters1
                       .-           -            --                -                         -- - L                  .~J
                                                                                                                           i '
I, 6 Continued
    .                                                           --   ~

                                               obstacles and difficulties encountered during this pnress:

                                                                                                                                           ~                     I
                   o    This Convention, related to the protection of world culture mi natural heritage, is the international standard
                        for the protection of cultural prope~ties,and cultural properties must he conserved and managal as a joint
                        resource of humanity, and so it is proper that this Convention should he ratified. There were rio particular                         1
                        problems in thr process of ratifying this Convention.
                                                                                                                                           I                 i

1 1                Detail the p r c 6 i r i beneiits and b s o n s learnt:
                                                                                                                                           I OX8 I
          1,                                                                                                                               I
1-     -~ Ip- - o There were no particular benefits or lessons
                               ~p                                                                                   - -

     1.7. Assessment of the Periodic Reporting Exercise for Section I
                 Was sufficient and adequate information made available to the responsible authorities and individl~als during OH9
               ,the preparation phase of the Periodic Reporting exercise (information given, meetings etc.)?

                 o The information offered by the IIKESCO World Heritage Committee was sufiicient, and thanks to training
                   at the Asia-Pacific Regional Conference for Preparing Periodic Reports (2001, Gyeongju), ther~: were no;
               1 problems.
                       Was the questionnaire clear and did it help to comply with thc reporting requirements of the State M y ?                    0*I
                   I   The ~uestionnaircwas appropriate and helped in complying with most of the reporting recluiremenls.                                1i
                                                                             ~   -~

                       What are the perceived benefits and lessons learnt of the period~creporting exercise?

                   3 Inspections of the state of conservation and management for each World Heritage property and :ccuring of
                     recent information
                   o It was an opportunity to establish p6cv related to World Heritage proprties and inspect and inveshpate plans.
                       -                                                                   ~   .~~
                                                                                                ~           ~   ~

                   Please describe the expected outcome of the Periodic Reporting exercise and the desired iollow-jp by the
                   Vorld Heritage Committee:

                   3    Expccted outcome of the Periodic Reporting exercise
                                                                                                                                       ;                 1
                   -    Foundation ior thc preparation of systematic and comprehensive conservation plans for Work Heritagel           I
                        properties within the Member State
                   -    Establishment of policy and financial suppart for training exercises within the Mcmber State tirough the!

                        offering of information relevant to World Heritage properties

                   3 L)esird follow-up by the World Heritage Committee
                   - Suppirrt irom the international community based on information in the Periodic Report
                   - Evaluation of whether or not the Member State is properly applying the World Heritage Convction. and
                     whcthcr or not cultural properties registered on the World Heritage list are ~naintaining their ralue as
                     World Heritage properties
                   - Regional cooperatiirn and preparation of a means for sharing the inionnation and experiences zaincd bv!

                     Member States in conserving World Heritage properties and cam'ing out the Convention iholdin~periodic
                     meetings, publishing periodicals cmeming conservation and managi:ment, etcl
                                                        ~ - -                         -~                .   -             -   ~   ~~   ~-

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