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World History I Trimester III- Final Exam

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					                                                                        Stollar 2010-2011


              World History I Trimester III- Final Exam

1. What is a primary source and where can you find them? Why are primary sources
important?




I.     World Religions/Belief Systems
             Vocabulary:                     ID’s:
                 Reincarnation                    Jesus
                 Monotheism                       Buddha
                 Polytheism                       Brahmin
                 Karma                            Muhammad
                 Quran                            Confucius
                 Torah
                 Five Relationships
                 Filial piety

       a.   What is religion? Why do people follow religion?
       b.   What is the difference between monotheism and polytheism?
       c.   Name and describe the 5 pillars of Islam.
       d.   Who is Brahman?
       e.   What is Atman?
       f.   Explain Karma and who believes in it?
       g.   Explain Reincarnation.
       h.   What does the caste system explain?
       i.   What are the 4 noble truths?


II.    Roman Empire

             Vocabulary:                     ID’s:
                 Colosseum                        Augustus
                 Civil Service                    Constantine
                 Byzantium                         Theodosius
                 Pax Romana
                 Constantinople
                 Mediterranean World
                 martyr
                                                                      Stollar 2010-2011


  a. What are the causes for the fall of the Roman Empire?
  b. How did the rise of Christianity affect the Roman Empire?
  c. Rome fell in 476 A.D. Why did the Byzantine Empire live on?



III. Byzantine Empire

    Vocabulary:                             ID’s:
       Iconoclast                                Justinian
       Excommunicate                             Theodora
       Patriarch
       Code of Laws
       Eastern Orthodox Church
       Mosaic
       Hagia Sophia


     a. Why is Constantinople‟s location significant?
     b. What is the cause of the decline of the Byzantine Empire? Why were the
        conquerors successful?
     c. Why did the church split into two branches?
     d. Describe Justinian‟s Code of Law. Why were they important?
     e. Why is Empress Theodora an important woman in history?


IV. Middle Ages

    Vocabulary:                                        ID’s:
       Manor/Manorialism         Fief                       Benedict
       Feudalism                 Middle Class               Charlemagne
       Guild                     Chivalry                   William the Conqueror
       Flying Buttress           Heresy
       Crusades                  Great Schism
       Christendom               Gothic
       Romanesque


     a.   How did new ways of life develop in Europe during the Early Middle Ages?
     b.   How did Charlemagne revive the idea of Empire?
     c.   How and when did Feudalism become the basis for government?
     d.   How did townspeople become independent of the feudal system?
     e.   What happened in 1066?
             i. What is its significance?
                                                                             Stollar 2010-2011


             ii. How did William the Conqueror lay the basis for strong central
                 government in England?
     f.   There was a power vacuum in Western Europe after the Fall of Rome. What
          and/or who filled that vacuum?
     g.   Describe the Great Schism and how this affected the Middle Ages
     h.   “During the grim centuries from 500 to 1000 A.D., a new kind of society
          gradually took shape in Europe.” Explain.
     i.   What is the difference between manorialism and feudalism?


V.   China
     Vocabulary:                                             ID’s:
        Scholar-officials         Mandate of Heaven                  Wu Chao
        Yangtze River             Yellow River                       Genghis Khan
        Great Silk Road           T‟ang Dynasty
        Peace & Stability         Han Dynasty




     a.   Describe the Dynastic Cycle.
     b.   What brought about the fall of the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty?
     c.   How did the Pax Mongolica affect trade and cultural interaction?
     d.   What role did technology play in the development of China? Why and how did it
          lead the world in technology?


VI. Renaissance

     Vocabulary:                                             ID’s:
        fresco                                                    Leonardo da Vinci
        vernacular                                                Machiavelli
        Renaissance Man/Woman                                     Medici Family
        perspective                                               Michelangelo
        secularism                                                Donatello
        patron                                                    Masaccio
        city-state
        “The Prince”
        humanism


     a.   What are the 3 characteristics or values of the Renaissance?
     b.   What new art forms showed the Renaissance interest in the individual?
     c.   How was the Renaissance revolutionary from the Middle Ages?
     d.   Why was Florence considered to be the birthplace of the Renaissance?
                                                                           Stollar 2010-2011


       e. Why did the Renaissance begin in the northern Italian city-states?
       f. Describe how Machiavelli revolutionized the role of the ruler for generations to
          come.
       g. Why does the „Mona Lisa‟ epitomize Renaissance painting?



VII. Reformation/Scientific Revolution

      Vocabulary:                                          ID’s:
         indulgence                                             Henry VIII
         heliocentric theory                                    Martin Luther
         Counter-Reformation                                    Jan Hus
         Geocentric Theory                                      Galileo
         95 Theses                                              Johann Gutenberg



       a. How was the church corrupt during the Reformation?
       b. How did the printing press spread new ideas?
       c. Explain Martin Luther, the idea of indulgences, and his 95 Theses.
       d. Explain the impact of Henry VIII on England and the Catholic Church.
       e. Explain the Counter (Catholic)-Reformation
       f. Compare and contrast Luther‟s stand at the Diet of Worms with Galileo‟s
          behavior at his trial. Why did Luther refuse to recant his views, while Galileo did
          recant his?
       g. Who was more dangerous to the Catholic Church? The Scientists or the
          Reformers?



VIII. When Worlds Collide/Africa

Vocabulary:                                                              ID’s:
     Sub-saharan – below the Sahara Desert. Difficult terrain,
    many ancient kingdoms, diseases.
     Lineage – people who are descended from a common
    ancestor. Strong loyalties/ties.
     Matrilineal – tracing ancestors through mother. Land and
    wealth inherited from mother‟s side. Men still hold power.
     Griot – African storyteller/historian. All oral, not written.
     gold-salt trade – economic activity between Europe and
    Africa.
     slave trade – triangle between Europe, Africa, North & South
     America. Devastating to Africa.
                                                                        Stollar 2010-2011



     a. How did the geography of Africa limit exploration by the Europeans? Shallow
        rivers and un-navigable waterfalls, thick rainforests, Sahara Desert, tse tse fly,
        malaria.
     b. What are the reasons for European expansion into Africa, the Americas, and
        beyond? God, gold, glory. Wealth, religion, power, land. Convert to Christianity.
     c. What is meant by the phrase “When Worlds Collide?” During Exploration, many
        different cultures interacted. Many interactions devastated local customs, peoples,
        etc.
     d. Does Africa have history? Opinion…Hegel quote and Trevor-Roper‟s quote.
     e. Why were European countries able to easily (relatively easily) divide up and
        control Africa? Superior military technology, size of armies, etc.



IX. Absolutism

     Vocabulary:                                         ID’s:
        Absolutism – a time of complete control by            Louis XIV – French king
       European monarchs (King Louis XIV). Laid               who represents Absolutism
       the groundwork for the Enlightenment and
       rebellion.
        “L’etat c’est moi,” I am the State! (Louis
       XIV) example of Louis‟s isolation from the
       people. Arrogance.


     a. Why is Versailles an example of the Age of Absolutism? Decadence, waste, style,
        fashion, only for the rich. While a beautiful palace, this was an irresponsible way
        to spend the people‟s money. Only someone who had great wealth and power
        could build something like this.




X.   Enlightenment

     Vocabulary:                                       ID’s:
        Philosophe – Enl. thinker                           John Locke – life, liberty,
        Salon – gatherings of philosophes hosted by   prop. People are good.
       French noble women                                   Thomas Hobbes –
        separation of powers – balance of power       absolutism, people are wicked
       between legislative, judicial, and executive
       (opposite of absolutism)
                                                                    Stollar 2010-2011


  Enlightenment – time when thinkers
 applied reason and scientific method to all
 aspects of life (not just science/physical
 world)


a. What was the Enlightenment? time when thinkers applied reason and scientific
   method to all aspects of life (not just science/physical world)

b. What is meant by the phrase, “Man is born free, yet everywhere he is in chains”?
   People deserve rights and should be “free”. Thomas Locke, Rousseau, Thomas
   Jefferson and other Enl. thinkers believed that while people need governance (to
   be ruled), they should have choices and have indisputable rights (life, liberty…).
c. How did the philosophes feel about economic, religious and political liberty?
   Apply reason and the sci. method to these areas as well. Like political rights, we
   also have religious and economic rights.

d. What role did women play during the Enlightenment? (French salons, etc.)
e. “Life, liberty, and property” v. “life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.” Locke
   and Thomas Jefferson. The beginnings of Democracy…a shift away from
   monarchies and absolute rulers.
f. Are people naturally wicked or naturally good? What two men are credited with
   these opposing views? Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.

				
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