World History I Trimester III- Final Exam
1. What is a primary source and where can you find them? Why are primary sources
I. World Religions/Belief Systems
a. What is religion? Why do people follow religion?
b. What is the difference between monotheism and polytheism?
c. Name and describe the 5 pillars of Islam.
d. Who is Brahman?
e. What is Atman?
f. Explain Karma and who believes in it?
g. Explain Reincarnation.
h. What does the caste system explain?
i. What are the 4 noble truths?
II. Roman Empire
Civil Service Constantine
a. What are the causes for the fall of the Roman Empire?
b. How did the rise of Christianity affect the Roman Empire?
c. Rome fell in 476 A.D. Why did the Byzantine Empire live on?
III. Byzantine Empire
Code of Laws
Eastern Orthodox Church
a. Why is Constantinople‟s location significant?
b. What is the cause of the decline of the Byzantine Empire? Why were the
c. Why did the church split into two branches?
d. Describe Justinian‟s Code of Law. Why were they important?
e. Why is Empress Theodora an important woman in history?
IV. Middle Ages
Manor/Manorialism Fief Benedict
Feudalism Middle Class Charlemagne
Guild Chivalry William the Conqueror
Flying Buttress Heresy
Crusades Great Schism
a. How did new ways of life develop in Europe during the Early Middle Ages?
b. How did Charlemagne revive the idea of Empire?
c. How and when did Feudalism become the basis for government?
d. How did townspeople become independent of the feudal system?
e. What happened in 1066?
i. What is its significance?
ii. How did William the Conqueror lay the basis for strong central
government in England?
f. There was a power vacuum in Western Europe after the Fall of Rome. What
and/or who filled that vacuum?
g. Describe the Great Schism and how this affected the Middle Ages
h. “During the grim centuries from 500 to 1000 A.D., a new kind of society
gradually took shape in Europe.” Explain.
i. What is the difference between manorialism and feudalism?
Scholar-officials Mandate of Heaven Wu Chao
Yangtze River Yellow River Genghis Khan
Great Silk Road T‟ang Dynasty
Peace & Stability Han Dynasty
a. Describe the Dynastic Cycle.
b. What brought about the fall of the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty?
c. How did the Pax Mongolica affect trade and cultural interaction?
d. What role did technology play in the development of China? Why and how did it
lead the world in technology?
fresco Leonardo da Vinci
Renaissance Man/Woman Medici Family
a. What are the 3 characteristics or values of the Renaissance?
b. What new art forms showed the Renaissance interest in the individual?
c. How was the Renaissance revolutionary from the Middle Ages?
d. Why was Florence considered to be the birthplace of the Renaissance?
e. Why did the Renaissance begin in the northern Italian city-states?
f. Describe how Machiavelli revolutionized the role of the ruler for generations to
g. Why does the „Mona Lisa‟ epitomize Renaissance painting?
VII. Reformation/Scientific Revolution
indulgence Henry VIII
heliocentric theory Martin Luther
Counter-Reformation Jan Hus
Geocentric Theory Galileo
95 Theses Johann Gutenberg
a. How was the church corrupt during the Reformation?
b. How did the printing press spread new ideas?
c. Explain Martin Luther, the idea of indulgences, and his 95 Theses.
d. Explain the impact of Henry VIII on England and the Catholic Church.
e. Explain the Counter (Catholic)-Reformation
f. Compare and contrast Luther‟s stand at the Diet of Worms with Galileo‟s
behavior at his trial. Why did Luther refuse to recant his views, while Galileo did
g. Who was more dangerous to the Catholic Church? The Scientists or the
VIII. When Worlds Collide/Africa
Sub-saharan – below the Sahara Desert. Difficult terrain,
many ancient kingdoms, diseases.
Lineage – people who are descended from a common
ancestor. Strong loyalties/ties.
Matrilineal – tracing ancestors through mother. Land and
wealth inherited from mother‟s side. Men still hold power.
Griot – African storyteller/historian. All oral, not written.
gold-salt trade – economic activity between Europe and
slave trade – triangle between Europe, Africa, North & South
America. Devastating to Africa.
a. How did the geography of Africa limit exploration by the Europeans? Shallow
rivers and un-navigable waterfalls, thick rainforests, Sahara Desert, tse tse fly,
b. What are the reasons for European expansion into Africa, the Americas, and
beyond? God, gold, glory. Wealth, religion, power, land. Convert to Christianity.
c. What is meant by the phrase “When Worlds Collide?” During Exploration, many
different cultures interacted. Many interactions devastated local customs, peoples,
d. Does Africa have history? Opinion…Hegel quote and Trevor-Roper‟s quote.
e. Why were European countries able to easily (relatively easily) divide up and
control Africa? Superior military technology, size of armies, etc.
Absolutism – a time of complete control by Louis XIV – French king
European monarchs (King Louis XIV). Laid who represents Absolutism
the groundwork for the Enlightenment and
“L’etat c’est moi,” I am the State! (Louis
XIV) example of Louis‟s isolation from the
a. Why is Versailles an example of the Age of Absolutism? Decadence, waste, style,
fashion, only for the rich. While a beautiful palace, this was an irresponsible way
to spend the people‟s money. Only someone who had great wealth and power
could build something like this.
Philosophe – Enl. thinker John Locke – life, liberty,
Salon – gatherings of philosophes hosted by prop. People are good.
French noble women Thomas Hobbes –
separation of powers – balance of power absolutism, people are wicked
between legislative, judicial, and executive
(opposite of absolutism)
Enlightenment – time when thinkers
applied reason and scientific method to all
aspects of life (not just science/physical
a. What was the Enlightenment? time when thinkers applied reason and scientific
method to all aspects of life (not just science/physical world)
b. What is meant by the phrase, “Man is born free, yet everywhere he is in chains”?
People deserve rights and should be “free”. Thomas Locke, Rousseau, Thomas
Jefferson and other Enl. thinkers believed that while people need governance (to
be ruled), they should have choices and have indisputable rights (life, liberty…).
c. How did the philosophes feel about economic, religious and political liberty?
Apply reason and the sci. method to these areas as well. Like political rights, we
also have religious and economic rights.
d. What role did women play during the Enlightenment? (French salons, etc.)
e. “Life, liberty, and property” v. “life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.” Locke
and Thomas Jefferson. The beginnings of Democracy…a shift away from
monarchies and absolute rulers.
f. Are people naturally wicked or naturally good? What two men are credited with
these opposing views? Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.