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Stollar 2010-2011 World History I Trimester III- Final Exam 1. What is a primary source and where can you find them? Why are primary sources important? I. World Religions/Belief Systems Vocabulary: ID’s: Reincarnation Jesus Monotheism Buddha Polytheism Brahmin Karma Muhammad Quran Confucius Torah Five Relationships Filial piety a. What is religion? Why do people follow religion? b. What is the difference between monotheism and polytheism? c. Name and describe the 5 pillars of Islam. d. Who is Brahman? e. What is Atman? f. Explain Karma and who believes in it? g. Explain Reincarnation. h. What does the caste system explain? i. What are the 4 noble truths? II. Roman Empire Vocabulary: ID’s: Colosseum Augustus Civil Service Constantine Byzantium Theodosius Pax Romana Constantinople Mediterranean World martyr Stollar 2010-2011 a. What are the causes for the fall of the Roman Empire? b. How did the rise of Christianity affect the Roman Empire? c. Rome fell in 476 A.D. Why did the Byzantine Empire live on? III. Byzantine Empire Vocabulary: ID’s: Iconoclast Justinian Excommunicate Theodora Patriarch Code of Laws Eastern Orthodox Church Mosaic Hagia Sophia a. Why is Constantinople‟s location significant? b. What is the cause of the decline of the Byzantine Empire? Why were the conquerors successful? c. Why did the church split into two branches? d. Describe Justinian‟s Code of Law. Why were they important? e. Why is Empress Theodora an important woman in history? IV. Middle Ages Vocabulary: ID’s: Manor/Manorialism Fief Benedict Feudalism Middle Class Charlemagne Guild Chivalry William the Conqueror Flying Buttress Heresy Crusades Great Schism Christendom Gothic Romanesque a. How did new ways of life develop in Europe during the Early Middle Ages? b. How did Charlemagne revive the idea of Empire? c. How and when did Feudalism become the basis for government? d. How did townspeople become independent of the feudal system? e. What happened in 1066? i. What is its significance? Stollar 2010-2011 ii. How did William the Conqueror lay the basis for strong central government in England? f. There was a power vacuum in Western Europe after the Fall of Rome. What and/or who filled that vacuum? g. Describe the Great Schism and how this affected the Middle Ages h. “During the grim centuries from 500 to 1000 A.D., a new kind of society gradually took shape in Europe.” Explain. i. What is the difference between manorialism and feudalism? V. China Vocabulary: ID’s: Scholar-officials Mandate of Heaven Wu Chao Yangtze River Yellow River Genghis Khan Great Silk Road T‟ang Dynasty Peace & Stability Han Dynasty a. Describe the Dynastic Cycle. b. What brought about the fall of the Yuan (Mongol) dynasty? c. How did the Pax Mongolica affect trade and cultural interaction? d. What role did technology play in the development of China? Why and how did it lead the world in technology? VI. Renaissance Vocabulary: ID’s: fresco Leonardo da Vinci vernacular Machiavelli Renaissance Man/Woman Medici Family perspective Michelangelo secularism Donatello patron Masaccio city-state “The Prince” humanism a. What are the 3 characteristics or values of the Renaissance? b. What new art forms showed the Renaissance interest in the individual? c. How was the Renaissance revolutionary from the Middle Ages? d. Why was Florence considered to be the birthplace of the Renaissance? Stollar 2010-2011 e. Why did the Renaissance begin in the northern Italian city-states? f. Describe how Machiavelli revolutionized the role of the ruler for generations to come. g. Why does the „Mona Lisa‟ epitomize Renaissance painting? VII. Reformation/Scientific Revolution Vocabulary: ID’s: indulgence Henry VIII heliocentric theory Martin Luther Counter-Reformation Jan Hus Geocentric Theory Galileo 95 Theses Johann Gutenberg a. How was the church corrupt during the Reformation? b. How did the printing press spread new ideas? c. Explain Martin Luther, the idea of indulgences, and his 95 Theses. d. Explain the impact of Henry VIII on England and the Catholic Church. e. Explain the Counter (Catholic)-Reformation f. Compare and contrast Luther‟s stand at the Diet of Worms with Galileo‟s behavior at his trial. Why did Luther refuse to recant his views, while Galileo did recant his? g. Who was more dangerous to the Catholic Church? The Scientists or the Reformers? VIII. When Worlds Collide/Africa Vocabulary: ID’s: Sub-saharan – below the Sahara Desert. Difficult terrain, many ancient kingdoms, diseases. Lineage – people who are descended from a common ancestor. Strong loyalties/ties. Matrilineal – tracing ancestors through mother. Land and wealth inherited from mother‟s side. Men still hold power. Griot – African storyteller/historian. All oral, not written. gold-salt trade – economic activity between Europe and Africa. slave trade – triangle between Europe, Africa, North & South America. Devastating to Africa. Stollar 2010-2011 a. How did the geography of Africa limit exploration by the Europeans? Shallow rivers and un-navigable waterfalls, thick rainforests, Sahara Desert, tse tse fly, malaria. b. What are the reasons for European expansion into Africa, the Americas, and beyond? God, gold, glory. Wealth, religion, power, land. Convert to Christianity. c. What is meant by the phrase “When Worlds Collide?” During Exploration, many different cultures interacted. Many interactions devastated local customs, peoples, etc. d. Does Africa have history? Opinion…Hegel quote and Trevor-Roper‟s quote. e. Why were European countries able to easily (relatively easily) divide up and control Africa? Superior military technology, size of armies, etc. IX. Absolutism Vocabulary: ID’s: Absolutism – a time of complete control by Louis XIV – French king European monarchs (King Louis XIV). Laid who represents Absolutism the groundwork for the Enlightenment and rebellion. “L’etat c’est moi,” I am the State! (Louis XIV) example of Louis‟s isolation from the people. Arrogance. a. Why is Versailles an example of the Age of Absolutism? Decadence, waste, style, fashion, only for the rich. While a beautiful palace, this was an irresponsible way to spend the people‟s money. Only someone who had great wealth and power could build something like this. X. Enlightenment Vocabulary: ID’s: Philosophe – Enl. thinker John Locke – life, liberty, Salon – gatherings of philosophes hosted by prop. People are good. French noble women Thomas Hobbes – separation of powers – balance of power absolutism, people are wicked between legislative, judicial, and executive (opposite of absolutism) Stollar 2010-2011 Enlightenment – time when thinkers applied reason and scientific method to all aspects of life (not just science/physical world) a. What was the Enlightenment? time when thinkers applied reason and scientific method to all aspects of life (not just science/physical world) b. What is meant by the phrase, “Man is born free, yet everywhere he is in chains”? People deserve rights and should be “free”. Thomas Locke, Rousseau, Thomas Jefferson and other Enl. thinkers believed that while people need governance (to be ruled), they should have choices and have indisputable rights (life, liberty…). c. How did the philosophes feel about economic, religious and political liberty? Apply reason and the sci. method to these areas as well. Like political rights, we also have religious and economic rights. d. What role did women play during the Enlightenment? (French salons, etc.) e. “Life, liberty, and property” v. “life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.” Locke and Thomas Jefferson. The beginnings of Democracy…a shift away from monarchies and absolute rulers. f. Are people naturally wicked or naturally good? What two men are credited with these opposing views? Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.
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