Small engine operation safety

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					    Small engine operation safety
Never operate an engine in an enclosed area. The
work area must be properly ventilated to remove
hazardous carbon monoxide gases from the work area
or other areas of the building
Work in a space with ample room for maneuvering
around the engine and application
 Engines should be operated only by qualified service

Use an approved spark tester to check for spark
Do not refuel an engine while it is operating. Allow the

engine to adequately cool before refueling.
Small engine operation safety
   Do not operate an engine if gas has spilled.
    Move the engine away from the spill and avoid
    creating any ignition until the gas has
   Be familiar with engine shutoff procedures for
    quick response in an emergency.
   Do not operate an engine with the air cleaner
    removed (excluding snow thrower engines).
   Refuel an engine outdoors or in an approved
    area with proper ventilation and fire safety
   Do not operate an engine without a muffler.
    Small engine operation safety
   Disengage an engine from driven equipment as
    required before starting.
   Do not operate an engine with an accumulation of
    grass, leaves, or other combustible materials near
    the muffler area.
   Never leave an operating engine unattended.
   Do not operate an engine at excessive speeds or
    adjust the governor to exceed manufacturer’s
Small engine operation safety
   Avoid contact with hot engine parts such as
    the muffler, cylinder head, or cooling fins.
   Do not operate an engine in dry grass or other
    combustible materials that could be ignited
    Keep feet, hands, and clothing away from
    moving engine and equipment components.
    Perform service and maintenance procedures
    with the engine not operating if possible.
   Remove grass and other debris from cylinder fins
    and governor parts.
Small engine operation safety

   Always have an
    approved fire
    extinguisher near
    the work area.
       Industry and standards

   The small engine industry has evolved over the
    years through the efforts of many organizations
    involved in the manufacture. These
    organizations have sought to establish safety
    standards, provide quality and consistency
    from manufacturer to manufacturer.
          Government agencies
   Government agencies are federal, state,
    and local government organizations and
    departments which establish rules and
    regulations related to safety, health, and
    equipment installation and operation.

   Company procedures may exceed, but
    must comply with, minimum federal,
    state, and local agency rules and regulations.
   The occupational safety and health
    administration (OSHA) is a federal
    agency that requires all employers to
    provide a safe environment for their
    employees. OSHA was established under
    the occupational safety and health act of
    1970. For example, OSHA has established
    a color code to designate certain cautions
    and dangers and to increase efficiency in
    work areas.
   The National Institute for Occupational
    Safety and Health (NIOSH) is a national
    organization that acts in conjunction with
    OSHA to develop and periodically revise
    recommended exposure limits for
    hazardous substances or conditions in the
   NIOSH is primarily concerned with research
    activities while OSHA is responsible for
   The Department of Transportation
    (DOT) is a federal agency responsible
    for traffic control, enforcement of
    safety regulations, and aids to
   The Consumer Product Safety Commission
    (CPSC) is a federal commission empowered to
    implement consumer safety standards
    throughout the United States.
       In June 1982, the CPSC implemented a
    standard for all rotary lawn mowing equipment
    based on the mowing blade tip speed and
    stopping time. This standard mandated a
    maximum blade tip speed of 19,000 fpm.
    Blade tip speed is based on blade length and
    engine speed. The standard also mandated that
    Rotary Lawn equipment blades must stop within
    3 sec of leaving the operator presence zone.

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