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Published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a frattrnal non-profit association . -У,- K i "
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VoU No. 40
rainian Week THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3,1982 25 cents
Pope appoints Marusyn secretary Krasivska arrested in Lviv
of Oriental Churches congregation NEW YORK - Ukrainian dissident
Olena Antoniv Krasivska, who was the
VATICAN CITY - Pope John Paul and a Melkite - who held the position subject of a defamatory article in the
II named Bishop Myroslav Marusyn of secretary. August 18 issue of a Communist Party
titular archbishop of Cadeun and Archbishop Marusyn's appointment newspaper, was arrested shortly after
appointed him the secretary of the marks the first time in history that a the story appeared, according to hu
Sacred Congregation for Oriental Ukrainian holds such a high position in man-rights groups here.
Churches on Saturday, September 25, the Roman Curia. The exact date of the arrest and the
reported America, the Ukrainian Ca Upon receiving news of the arch nature of the charges against her are not
tholic daily newspaper. bishop's new position, the hierarchs of known.
Prior to his appointment, Archbishop the Ukrainian Catholic Church, includ Ms. Krasivska, 45, was accused in a
Marusyn was the apostolic visitator for ing Archbishop-Metropolitan Stephen story published in Vilna Ukraina, a Lviv
Ukrainian Catholics in the Benelux Sulyk, Bishops Basil Losten and Inno daily, of stealing money from the
countries and for Ukrainian Catholics cent Lotocky and Auxiliary Bishop Russian Social Fund, which was esta
without an exarchate. Robert Moskal, who were gathered in blished by author Alexander Solzhe-
Archbishop Marusyn has already Philadelphia for the 70th anniversary nitsyn before his exile to aid families of
taken on the duties of the secretary of celebration of the Providence Associa Soviet political prisoners.
the Eastern Congregation, a position tion, sent a congratulatory telegram to The article charged that Ms. Kra-
that was vacated by Archbishop Mario Rome. sivka, who managed the fund in Ukraine,
Brini. The congregation, currently It was also reported that the Very did not distribute the money to dissi
beaded by Cardinal Wladislaw Rubin, Rev. George Mylanyk has retired as the dents or their families, but spent it on
has existed for 65 years. During this undersecretary of the Sacred Congrega lavish living, fancy cafes and restau
time, .there have.been pnly two other tion for Oriental Churches. Msgr. rants. ,, ' .
hierarchs of the Eastern Rite —a Greek Mario Rizzi now holds this position. . In a three-pronged attack, the article
assailed Ms. Krasivska's character, the
financing of the fund and its intended Olena Antoniv Krasivska
Patriarch's pastoral letter urges benefactors, and what it called the
ulterior motives behind dissent in the receive. As further "proof," the paper
Soviet Union. printed what it said were direct quotes
Christian and national maturity Ms. Krasivska, the article said, from Ms. Zarytska, Mrs. Неї and Mr.
Osadchy, each saying that they never
became a dissident out of "egoism," and
ROME - Oh the occasions of the issued a pastoral letter that calls on all pilfered monies from the fund for her received any money.
Feast of St. MaryTthe Protectress and Ukrainians to strive toward both Chris- own material gain. The fund itself, On hearing of Ms. Krasivska's arrest,
the 40th anniversary of the founding of tian and national maturity. which depends on private funds, is in Natalia Solzhenitsyn, wife of the Nobel
- the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), The patriarch asks all Ukrainians to reality financed by the CIA and other laureate and president of the Russian
Patriarch Josyf Slipyj of the "Po- cast aside their reUgious and political U.S. government agencies, the paper Social Fund, issued a statement refut
misna" Ukrainian Catholic Church differences and to unite in the spirit of said. ing the charges brought up in the article.
brotherly love and forgiveness. He asks The recipients of the fund, among T h e authorities are trying to drive a
all clergy and faithful brethren to pray them prominent Ukrainian dissidents wedge between Ukrainians and Rus
together on the Feast of St Mary the Ivan HeL Kateryna Zarytska and My- sians," she said, "because they are
Protectress, a holy day that brings khailo Osadchy, were described by the deathly afraid of any solidarity that may
together all the sons and daughters of paper as '^nti-Sovieti? Ukrainian na exist among honest people against their
the Ukrainian nation. tionalists. despicable regime, which is an enemy of
The pastoral letter goes on to say: Referring to what it said were Ms. all people."
"Particularly this year, the feast day Krasivska's private records, the paper Ms. Krasivska is married to Ukrai
takes on an even greater meaning; this said that they show that Ms. Krasivska nian Helsinki monitor Zinoviy Krasiv-
year it coincides with the 40th anniver bilked several dissidents of sky, who is currently in the second year
sary of the founding of the Ukrainian the amounts they were entitled to of a five-year internal exile sentence.
Insurgent Army, the last all-national
effort to free Ukraine from its enemies.
This army sprang up in the hope to free
Ukraine, the homeland, from its ene HUD grants ^6.7 million loan
mies; it was a manifestation of love for
The pastoral letter also stressed love.
for Ukrainian seniors' housing
"Love for your motherland, based on WARREN, Mich. - The U.S. De and various church and community
love for God, blends together into one partment of Housing and Urban De organizations of Metropolitan Detroit.
great love; this love should be active, velopment on September 22 awarded Messages of congratulations on the
alert Love without action, like faith S6.7 million to a non-profit Ukrainian receipt of the grant were sent to the
without action is dead. The words from corporation for the building of housing Ukrainian Village Corporation by Sen.
the First Epistle of St. John (3,18) 'My for the elderly. Donald Riegle.Rep. Hertel and Mayor
little children, let us not love in word, The Ukrainian Village "Non-Profit Randlett. .
neither in tongue, but in deed and in Housing Corporation was given ap The corporation, which has worked
truth', reflects every kind of love includ proval by HUD for a 56,737,000 low- for 15 years on finalizing the project,
ing love toward one's motherland," the interest loan for the project. It was the plans to build 146 units of housing for
patriarch writes. largest such grant ever awarded in the elderly on a seven-acre site in
Michigan. Warren, which has a sizeable Ukrainian
He also notes: "A good patriot is a
person who is, first and foremost just The grant is one of eight awarded this population.
and noble and gives of himself without year to projects in the state of Michigan. The non-profit body was organized
profit. Work on the improvement of It was obtained with the aid of Rep. on the initiative of the Detroit Regional
your heart and soul should bind the love Dennis Hertel, Warren Mayor James Council of the Ukrainian National
v . v Patriarch Josyf (Coatfaatd oa pap If) Randlett, the Rev. Bernard Panczuk Women's League of America.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLV SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3 . 1 9 8 2 No. 40
Dissident profile "disseminated" such "anti-Soviet"
material as the second manuscript of
Yuriy Badzio: "The Right to Live."
Earlier this year, samvydav docu
ments reaching the West from Ukraine
among the vanguard indicated that Mr. Badzio had gone on
three separate hunger-strikes in 1981 to
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Since that Ukrainian nationhood. He became protest his arrest. In a statement from a
day in 1965 when he joined Ukrainian known to the West in 1972 for his Mordovian labor camp dated February
dissidents Ivan Dziubaand Mykhailyna "Unpublished Letter" to the members 22, 1981, Mr. Badzio announced a
Kotsiubynska in disrupting a screening of the presidium of the Ukrainian three-day fast to protest "the dictator
at Kiev's Ukraine film theater to protest Writers' Union, the Literaturna Ukraina ship of the Communist Party of the
the destruction of Ukrainian culture magazine and to the delegates of the Soviet Union (CPSU), violations of
and the mass arrests of Ukrainian sixth conference of the Ukrainian human rights in the USSR and the right
'intellectuals, Yuriy Badzio's name has Writers' Union. to national sovereignty" for non-Rus
been inextricably linked with Ukrainian In 1978, the KGB conducted a search sian nations.
nationalism and dissent. of Mr. Badzio's apartment. Various The hunger strike was called to
Today, Mr. Badzio is in the third year items, including material for his thesis coincide with the 26th Congress of the
of a seven-year labor camp and prison on national and political problems, CPSU, Mr. Badzio said.
term, which will be followed by five were confiscated. In March 1979another The second, dated April IS, 1981, was
years of forced internal exile. search was conducted in Mr. Badzio's addressed to French Communist Party
Yuriy Badzio was born on April 24, apartment. leader Georges Marchais on the eve of
1936, in Verkhna Lypytsia in the Muka- Shortly after, on April 23, 1979, Mr. the French federal election. In it, Mr.
chiv region of Transcarpathian Ukraine. Badzio was arrested in Kiev and charged Badzio accused the Soviet government
In 1953 he graduated with honors from with "anti-Soviet agitation and propa Yuriy Badzio shortly before his arrest in of contravening the Marxist ideology it
secondary school and enrolled as a ganda" under Article 62 of the Ukrai 1979. purports to espouse, democratic prin
student of Ukrainian philology at nian Criminal Code. years earlier, in 1969, by a KGB opera ciples such as political freedom, public
Uzhhorod University. After graduating In mid-December of that year he was tive. Yet, a second exhaustive search in participation in government, freedom
in 19S8 he worked as a principal of a sentenced to seven years' imprisonment 1972 did not turn up the book, and there of the press and the right to form
school in the Mukachiv region. and five years' exile. In a series of were no witnesses to corroborate the opposition parties.
Since 1960 he has been a candidate at appeals to Western organizations in KGB operative's statement. The purpose of his statement, Mr.
the Academy of Science of the Ukrai early 1980, Svitliana Kyrychenko, Mr. Ms. Kyrychenko also noted that in Badzio wrote, was to alert the French
nian SSR for a doctoral degree in Badzio's wife, highlighted what she 1972, the KGB confiscated a copy of Communists, the working class and the
Ukrainian literature. called irregularities in her husband's Mr. Badzio's "Unpublished Letter,"but entire French nation to Soviet viola
Following the protest at the Ukraina case, including the changing of testi did not consider it a dangerous anti- tions of human and national rights.
theater, Mr. Badzio was stripped of his mony and outright fabrications by the Soviet document until 1979, when it was The third statement received in the
membership in the Communist Party, a prosecution. used as evidence against Mr. Badzio West was dated April 22,1981. In it Mr.
procedure which took nearly 10 months. One of several examples of irregulari during his closed trial. Badzio assails the Soviet government's
He was forced to work loading bread ties cited by Ms. Kyrychenko dealt with Mr. Badzio was ultimately charged intepreta tion of Article 62 of the Ukrai
onto delivery trucks. a copy of Mr. Dziuba's controversial with having "harbored for dissemina nian Criminal Code, the catch-all "anti-
In thei970s, Mr. Badzio was working book, "Internationalism or Russifio tion" such "anti-Soviet" material as Soviet agitation and propaganda."
on his book, "The Right to Live," a tion?" which the prosecution claimed Mykola Rudenko's "Economic Mono Mr. Badzio argued that since Article
socio-historical analysis of the right of was seen in Mr. Badzio's apartment 10 logues," and having "prepared" and (Continued on page 15)
Shcharansky declares hunger strike U.S. citizen in Soviet jail plans fast;
WASHINGTON - Imprisoned So abuse of Mr. Shcharansky's rights wife asks Reagan for assistance
viet dissident Anatoly Shcharansky which has led to this desperate decision.
began an indefinite hunger strike on We call on Soviet authorities to recon BROOKLYN, N. Y. - The wife of a book, "Spiritual Genocide in Lithuania,"
September 27 because of repeated sider their treatment of Mr. Shcharan Lithuanian political prisoner whose and several samvydav appeals.
confiscation of his mail, reported sky and restore his ability to be allowed U.S. citizenship has been verified by the In her letter to Mr. Reagan, Mrs.
Reuters news service. to communicate with friends and rela State Department, recently appealed to Skuodis wrote that persecution of her
Mr. Shcharansky's mother, Ida МІІ- tives." President Ronald Reagan to help her family includes constant surveillance by
grom, said she had not been able to send Mr. Shcharansky, 34, is currently in and her family emigrate to the United authorities and threats to her and her
any letters since last December. Chistopol prison in the Tatar ASSR. States, reported the Lithuanian Infor daughters, Giedra and Daiva, who have
Mrs. Milgrom told reporters that she He was accused of spying for the CIA mation Center here. faced job discrimination.
feared that her son could die from the and sentenced to 13 years in prison and In a letter to the president, Irena She asked the president to allow the
effects of a prolonged fast because he labor camp in 1977. Mr. Shcharansky Skuodis made the appeal on behalf of entire family to come to the country of
was still weak from a six-month period was a founding member of the recently her husband, Vytautas Skuodis, who in her husband's birth.
of solitary confinement last year. disbanded Moscow Helsinki Group, 1980 was sentenced to seven years in a Meanwhile, a recent issue of the
Alan Romberg, a spokesman for the which monitored Soviet compliance strict-regimen camp and five years' underground Chronicle of the Catholic
State Department here said: "We wish with the human-rights provisions of the internal exile for "anti-Soviet agitation Church in Lithuania has reported that
to emphasize how thoroughly we de 1975 Helsinki Accords from 1976 until and propaganda." Mr. Skuodis suffered a mild heart
plore the Soviet authorities'willful last month. attack in early summer while on a
A U.S. citizen, he was born Benedict
Scott in Chicago in 1929, but was hunger strike. According to the story,
brought to Lithuania by his parents as a Mr. Skuodis has pledged to stage a
Report KGB infiltration of peace groups small child. Mr. Skuodis is a geologist
by profession, and he is the author of a
hunger strike each June 15 to protest the
Soviet occupation of Lithuania.
NEW YORK - Five KGB agents at Georgetown in March 1981.
posing as Soviet diplomats have infil He also appeared at the inauguration
trated the American nuclear freeze of the disarmament program at the
movement in order to manipulate it for Riverside Church and has spoken at
Soviet purposes, according to an article
in the October issue of Reader's Digest.
The article said the Soviets — three
disarmament forums at American uni
versities, including Harvard.
The KGB bureau in New York con
U.N. diplomats, the deputy director of centrated most of its manpower on the FOUNDED 1933
the Institute for the U.S.A. and Canada freeze campaign, and U.S. counterin-
in Moscow and a counselor at the telligence has identified more than 20 Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal
Soviet embassy in Washington — have Soviet agents who have tried to in non-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St, Jersey City, NJ. 07302.
participated in disarmament confe fluence elements of the peace move (The Ukrainian Weekly - USPS 570-870)
rences at Georgetown and Harvard ment, the article said. Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.
universities and Riverside Church here. Experts here have long suspected that
The Soviets are identified as Sergei the Soviets had managed to infiltrate The Weekly and Svoboda: UNA:
Paramanov, Vladimir Shustov and the nuclear freeze movement in the (201) 434-0237, 434-0807 (201) 451-2200
Sergei Divilkovsky, diplomats-at the West in the hope of directing its efforts (212) 227-4125 (212) 227-5250
United Nations, Radomir Bogdanov of towards the United States and away Yearly subscription rate: S8, UNA members 55.
the Institute for the U.S.A. and Canada, from Soviet nuclear policies.
and Yuri Kapralov, an embassy counse At the same time, the Kremlin has Postmaster, send address changes to:
lor. THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Editor. Roma Sochan Hadzawycz
cracked down on the only independent P.O. Box 346 Associate editor George Bohdan Zarycky
Mr. Kapralov attended the first disarmament group in the Soviet Union, Jereey City, NJ. 07303 AMttant editor Marta Kotonuyets
national strategy conference of the arresting several activists and warning
American "Nuclear Freeze Campaign" others to drop their activities.
No. 4 0 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3 , 1 9 8 2 3
CIA: Kremlin's fear of possible unrest NJ. program to honor Wallenberg
NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. - Raoul baritone Paul Plishka of the Metropo
in Ukraine led to Polish crackdown Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat
credited with saving more than 100,000
litan Opera in New York.
Also appearing will be the Kodaly
WASHINGTON - Fear that the According to Mr. Anderson, an Hungarian Jews from Nazi gas chambers Chorus, a Hungarian musical group.
Solidarity labor movement in Po alysts also point out that, like Poland before disappearing in Budapest after Tickets for the program are now
land could spill over into Ukraine (of which western Ukraine was a part the war, will be honored with a special available at the American Hungarian
was "the real reason" for the Krem before World War II), Ukraine has program here on October 5. Foundation in New Brunswick, the
lin-instigated crackdown in Poland, large iron and coal industries. The program, jointly sponsored by Scandinavian American Heritage
according to syndicated columnist According to the CIA report: representatives of the Scandinavian, Society in Edison, the Jewish Federa
Jack Anderson. "Those kinds of industries have Jewish and Hungarian communities of tion of Northern Middlesex County in
Citing secret CIA reports, Mr. created the same sorts of labor Middlesex County, will be held at the Edison, the Jewish Federation of Rari-
Anderson said in his column this past problems as they did in Poland, Voorhces Chapel on the Douglas College tan Valley in Highland Park, and the
week that Moscow was extremely including.long hours, six-day weeks campus beginning at 8 p.m. Greater Monmouth County Jewish
concerned about the possibility that and unsafe working conditions." The special tribute will feature ap Federation in Deal Park.
a free labor movement, combined In time, the analysis suggests, "the pearances by authors, public figures General admission tickets are S5 per
with persistent Ukrainian nationa mood could develop" among Ukrai and diplomats who worked with Mr. person, but a patron ticket at S25
lism, could result in widespread nians to imitate Solidarity. Wallenberg. October 5 was chosen to entitles the holder to special seating and
instability in the large, industrial Even though Ukrainians often are honor the Swede because on that day a program listing. Tickets may be
republic. entrusted with important positions in last year President Ronald Reagan purchased at the door or by contacting
"The Ukrainians possess character government and industry, "they are made Mr. Wallenberg an honorary one of the sponsor organizations.
istics which, taken together, give still not trusted to withstand the siren citizen of the United States, a distinc Additional information about the
them a unique position among Soviet song of Ukrainian nationalism," tion granted to only two other programs or tickets may be obtained by
minorities,'' states the CIA report. wrote Mr. Anderson referring to the persons, Winston Churchill and Lafa calling the American Hungarian
"Some of these features — the cohe- CIA findings. yette. Foundation at (201) 846-5777.
siveness of the Ukrainian popula He noted that during World War During the end of World War II, Mr.
tion, the economic significance of the II, many Ukrainian volunteers fought Wallenberg, a member of an aristocratic
area, the historical longevity of
Ukraine as a distinct ethnic commu
with the Germans against the Red
Swedish family, used hastily prepared
Swedish passports to save condemned
nity conscious of an independent
cultural heritage, and Ukraine's
"In 1968, the decisive factor in the
Kremlin's decision to invade Czecho
Hungarian Jews, at times literally
yanking them off death-camp transport
susceptibility to Western cultural slovakia was fear that the liberalizing lines and spiriting them away to rented NEW YORK - Director Maria
influences - would seem to increase effects of the 'Prague spring' would safe houses flying the Swedish flag. Shust announced that The Ukrainian
the ability of the Ukrainians to resist spread across the border into U- Museum had received a 520,053 grant
Russification pressures.'' When Soviet forces entered Budapest
kraine," according to Mr. Anderson. from the institute of Museum Services, a
in 1945, they seized and imprisoned Mr.
Wallenberg, fearing that he was a U.S. federal agency that administers to the
spy. He has not been heard from since. nation's museums.
Chrysler chairman launches restoration project There have been persistent claims that
Mr. Wallenberg has been positively
This is the second consecutive year
that a portion of the museum's general
operating funds for this fiscal year was
for Ellis Island, Statue of Liberty identified as a Soviet prisoner by former
inmates of Soviet labor camps despite
Soviet counter-claims that the heroic
provided by a general operating support
grant from the IMS.
by Andrew Keybida Swede died of natural causes in a Soviet The allocation of 520,053 is the
prison in the 1950s. maximum possible for The Ukrainian
NEW YORK - Lee. A. Iacocca, In addition to the honor bestowed by Museum under IMS guidelines. The
chairman of a White House commission Mr. Reagan, both Congress and the maximum allocations are 10 percent of
to restore and preserve the Statue of New Jersey State Legislature have an operating budget, not in excess of
Liberty and Ellis Island, launched a passed resolutions calling for October 5 535,000. Last year, the IMS had award
national campaign to raise some S230 to be recognized as Raoul Wallenberg ed The Ukrainian Museum with the
million during a September 16 cere Day. possible maximum of 515,932.
mony in Manhattan's Battery Park, The New Brunswick program will The Ukrainian Museum was selected
which overlooks America's two great include an appearance by author Per from a field of 1,141 applications
symbols of freedom. Anger, who spent time with Mr. Wal submitted by museums in every state,
Sharing the platform with Mr. lenberg during his days in Budapest, the District of Columbia and the Virgin
Iacocca, with the two American land and who wrote "With Wallenberg in Islands.
marks as background, were representa Budapest." In her letter the director of the
tives of some 50 different ethnic organi Also on hand will be Dr. Harvey Institute of Museum Services, Lilla
zations, many of whom are among the Rosenfeld, author of the recently Tower, wrote: "I congratulate you on
16 million immigrants who came to the published "Raoul Wallenberg: Angel of receiving this award. It is an indication
United States through Ellis Island. Rescue." There will also be a special of the quality of your museum and of its
musical program in honor of Mr. service to your community and to the"
Among the invited representatives Wallenberg, featuring noted bass- nation."
were: John O. Flis, supreme president
of the Ukrainian National Association
and Andrew Keybida, member of the
N.J. Ethnic Advisory Council. Plans under way to create
Both the Statue of Liberty and Ellis
Island are managed by th^ National
Park Service, and a commission was
Ukrainian professionals society
created to raise money and coordinate JERSEY CITY, N.J. - A group of the terms "Ukrainian American," "pro
private activities with the Park Service Lee A. Iacocca Ukrainians from the New Jersey/New fessionals" and "businesspersons." The
in the repair and restoration project. York area recently agreed to work association is designed to encompass
Last May 18, President Reagan ap possessions. But they had hope and they toward establishing an organization of Ukrainian professionals and business-
pointed Mr. Iacocca, chairman of had enormous perseverance! They Ukrainian professionals and business- persons, as well as their Ukrainian or
Chrysler Corporation, to head the wanted to work and they took pride in persons. non-Ukrainian spouses. Membership is
Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Centen that work. They built new neighbor The organization, which is envision obtainable through sponsorship by two
nial Commission. hoods, churches and schools. They ed as a community rather than a pro existing members.
nurtured in their children a sense of fessional association, has set as its major The present members include scien
Mr. Iacocca stated that as a son of pride arid dignity and they turned to
Italian immigrants who passed through providing help to others less fortunate task the formation of a new network of tists, teachers, writers, journalists,
Ellis Island, the restoration will serve as than they." Ukrainian Americans who together dentists, physicians, lawyers, business-
a reaffirmation of that heritage. He also would pursue social, community and persons and others.
said that, in spite of some voices that "I hope Americans will come to public-affairs goals. Discussions about the formation of
would have everyone to believe other understand that those monuments not Among these goals are: expansion of such an association have been under
wise, we Americans have a heritage of only symbolize a heritage of freedom acquaintances, discussion of commu way since January, and in June a group
pride in workmanship, of the dignity of but they symbolize each of the 16 nity problems and needs, and promo of interested persons elected a steering
labor and of the value of hard work. million people who poured into this tion of the interests of the Ukrainian committee to coordinate the group's
country between 1892 and 1954. They American community at large. activity during its organizational stages.
Mr. Iacocca said: "Many of us have symbolize the courage and faith those Groups of Ukrainians in Philadel Formal elections of officers will be
parents or grandparents who were people passed on to their children. They phia and Washington have also express held in early 1983.
among the millions of people who came symbolize the energy and vitality that ed interest in such an organization. The organization has already held a
through Ellis Island on their way to a those immigrants gave to the American A name has not yet been selected for number of meetings, and several guest
new life in a new land. If they were like dream." the fledgling association, but it has been speakers have addressed the members.
my parents, they came to this country "If that isn4 worth preserving, 1 don't decided by the core group of some 30 Among them were: Ihor Bardyn, who
with very little in the way to money or know what is," he said. members that the name would include (Continued on pa jt 13)
4 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3 , 1 9 8 2 No. 40
Conquest, Warn discuss Harvard monograph on 1933 famine
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - Few if any contrived element in thefamine, as well
of the projects undertaken at the as in collectivization policies in general,
Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute what, precisely, could have been the
have so captivated the Ukrainian reasons that impelled Stalin's regime to
American public as the forthcoming face with equanimity the prospect of
publication on the famine of 1933. millions starving?
The project was initiated in 1980 by CONQUEST: The main reason for
the Ukrainian Studies Fund. As en- the operation was dogma: the indepen-
visioned by the USF, a monograph dent peasantry was a bugbear on Mar-
would be published in 1983 in obser- xist grounds, and the market economy
vance of the 50th anniversary of the it generated was against the principle of
famine which claimed the lives of the fundamental evil of "commodity"
several million Ukrainians. The publi- relations. At the same time the party
cation would be the first major scholarly was committed to carry out this "revo-
assessment of the famine and would lution from above" by the method of
serve as a groundbreaking work for class war against the "kulak"element —
further study of the era. It is being which in Bolshevik terms meant ex-
prepared with the financial support of treme measures. Stalin also, and espe-
the Ukrainian National Association. cially in Ukraine, had a commitment
The Harvard Ukrainian Research against "bourgeois nationalism." And
Institute became involved in the pro- of course he never had any objection to
ject as part of its commitment to mass slaughter as an instrument of
maintain an exacting standard of ex- policy.
cellence in research and scholarly works Collectivization, dekulakization and
in Ukrainian studies. Prof. Adam Dr. Robert G. Conquest B. Ulam
Ulam, a Harvard specialist on the Stalin this case your approach will be more or you can remember the exact wording the man-made famine are separate
period, was appointed by the HURI to less the same, or is the scope andsubject and source of a remark of Lenin's that matters. It would have been possible to
find an author for the project. In April of the work of quite a different nature? "the national problem is essentially a collectivize without dekulakizing; to
collectivize and dekulakize without the
of 1981, Prof. Ulam recommended the CONQUEST: Yes, I do envisage the peasant problem"?)
famine (this last was indeed the mode
eminent author and scholar Robert book as being of the same general type But the economic point raises the outside Ukraine, Kuban, Lower Volga
Conquest as the person best suited to as The Great Terror." That is, "The whole question of Communist econo-
and Kazakhstan). The decision to inflict
the task. Prof. Conquest has written Great Terror" told the story of the mic motivation and strategy at the time.
all three was a political one. The general
more than a dozen monographs on the second main foundation of the Stalinist re- Above all, we are often told of the
aim was the destruction of market
Soviet Union, among them the highly gime, the present book will tell the story Preobrazhenski idea of financing in-
relations and of the last bourgeois or
acclaimed "The Great Terror." of thefirst.There are obvious differences dustrialization from the product of the
petty bourgeois classes; the particular
- for example in that the investigations peasants. This can be done—as in Meiji
In May of 1981, Prof. Conquest aim in Ukraine was all those, but also
of obscure political identities and Japan — but only by seeing that suitable
agreed to join the project. At that time, the devastation of a hostile area.
elements of the political struggle in consumer goods are pari passu made
the contracting parties agreed that Prof. 1936-8 are not really paralleled in 1929- available to the peasant. Mere excess ULAM: To what extent does the
Conquest would work on the publica- 33; above all the emphasis in the earlier requisition (as had been seen in 1921) whole picture fit into the overallframe-
tion at the Hoover Institute in Cali- period is far more strongly on the results in one-shot, and even then not work of Stalin's policies, such as the
fornia, where he serves as curator, while population as Stalin's target, as against very great availability, of the peasant utter destruction of opposition, na-
his junior collaborator, Dr. James the Yezhov purge's extension also to the product, plus a reduction in sowing tionality policy, and simply the dis-
Mace, would conduct research on the ruling party, police and army elite. covery of a new method of governing
project at Harvard. area, and so forth.
Since the spring of 1981, the Ukrai- On the other hand, in both cases there Moreover the whole operation was through supraterror?
nian community has been kept up to had never been a history written: other far less "rational" than such notions CONQUEST: Bolshevik rule was
date on the research being done on the books of great interest, documentation, presuppose. Indeed, it was part of the essentially a machinery by which the
publication through regular press re- economic analysis, and so forth exist, conditions of crash collectivization that subjective decision of a group of doctri-
leases and a cross-country series of but not a history properly speaking. As it was not given any real planning naires could be imposed on society and
speaking engagements by Dr. Mace. In you know, I see the writing of history, as preparation, for it had to be sprung as a the economy. Stalin had indeed dis-
his talks, Dr. Mace has stressed that the against historiography, as work which, surprise and hustled through the Central covered (or made use of Lenin's dis-
famine can be understood only in the while never relaxing the rigors of Committee by mere instant political covery) that the totalitarian party can
context of the Soviet Ukrainian ex- accuracy and research, is above all a pressure. rule against all the odds, and that terror
perience from the revolution to 1933. As balanced, full and comprehensive nar- ULAM: m connection with the above, is an excellent way of atomizing op-
for the publication itself, Prof. Con- rative for the educated, non-specialist if there was a considerable political and position or resistance.
quest outlined its general format at a reader. For lack of such, I think the
public seminar he presented at Harvard terror-famine has not really established
itself in the public mind — as it should
More recently, in answer to a number
both on moral and intellectual grounds
of a general sort, and because of the very
New Jersey governor creates
of queries contained in a letter from
Prof. Ulam, Prof. Conquest gave a
general outline of the monograph that
great and continuing intrinsic signifi-
cance of the subject. Office of Ethnic Affairs
he is preparing. What follows are ULAM: How prominently will the JERSEY CITY, N.J. - New Jersey Executive Order No. 11, which was
excerpts from their correspondence economic component of the question Secretary of State Jane Burgio officially signed by Gov. Kean on July 23, and
provided by the HURI." figure in your work? In other words, I announced the formation of an Office which nullified Executive Order No. 65
don t know whether you feel the way I of Ethnic Affairs in the state by Gov. that was signed by Gov. Brendan Byrne
do, but one of the most fascinating Tom Kean. She made the announce- and called for a 16-member council.
aspects of the subject when I was doing ment while representing the governor at
work on a related theme was the ques- the Liberty Park Festival held here at After her remarks, the secretary of
CONQUEST: Before dealing with tion of how contrived the famine was, Liberty State Park on September 11-12. state introduced the new director of the
your more general points, let me say andI or how much it was due to mostly ethnic affairs office, Robert Zochow-
that the core and essence of the book is The festival capped off Ethnic Heri-
economic and natural causes. This tage Week in New Jersey (September 6- ski, a Polish American lawyer from
the terror-famine which was largely would seem to me to be one of the most 12), which was proclaimed by the Princeton.
(and designedly) confined to Ukraine — important aspects of the whole thing, governor on September 1. She also introduced members of the
and its outlier, the Kuban. and I wonder whether you share my "By executive order last month Gov. ethnic advisory council, among them
The central scene of the book, which opinion. Kean created an official state agency to Ukrainian community activists Andrew
all the rest leads up to or develops from, CONQUEST: The economic side will address the concerns of all the ethnic Keybida of Maplewood and Zenon
is a broad, cumulative and detailed of course be covered - a n d fortunately, communities in New Jersey," she said. Onufryk of Flanders. Mr. Keybida is a
description of the Ukrainian country- the past decade has seen sensible, "It is called the Office of Ethnic Af- member at large, and Mr. Onufryk is
side in that frightful summer when it though expert, economic treatment by fairs." the Ukrainian community representa-
was all one .vast Belsen. Karcz, Lewin and others. And this tive.
She said that the office is part of the
Naturally, the complete context of sphere can and must be clearly and Department of State, adding that only Ms. Burgio also read a short letter
collectivization and dekulakization as a comprehensively put, without too much one other state has such an office. from President Ronald Reagan to Gov.
policy for the USSR as a whole will be stodginess. But as to the causes of the In addition to establishing the new Kean praising the festival as "an out-
thorougly covered, and so will the famine, it can be shown that it was due office, Ms. Burgio noted that Gov. standing celebration of the rich diver-
political motivations of Marxism- to conscious political decision. Indeed, Kean has expanded the New Jersey sity that is the source of America's
Leninism in the agrarian field, and the the fact of its limitation largely to Ethnic Advisory Council to 19 citizen strength."
specific developments of political deci- Ukraine was owing to special grain members and six department heads This year, marked the fourth year of
sions and maneuvers in Moscow. quotas for that republic, whose excessive from state government. The chairman the Liberty Park Festival, which fea-
ULAM: I was very much impressed, nature was clearly and often brought to of the advisory council is George tured a wide variety of ethnic foods,
as you undoubtedly know, with both Moscow's attention; and it was carried Pappas, a Greek-American engineer, crafts and cultural exhibits of 40
the substance and method of your out pan passu (side-by-sidej with the she said. different nationalities. It was the first
"Great Terror. "Now, do youfeel that in purge of Ukrainian culture. (I wonder if The new council was created by (CoBtfaacd OB pap 13)
No. 40 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3.1982 5
Commentary: the "demise" of the Moscow Helsinki Group
by Petro Grigorenko be forbidden under the present Soviet renko and Ginzburg) and four emi- completing their prison sentences).
Although news of the Moscow Hel- conditions. To avoid that situation and grants (Ludmilla Alekseeva, Bakhmin, When considering that the original
sinki Monitoring Group discontinuing to create a viable organization, the Borikenov and Yuri Yarym-Agayev), group consisted of 11 members, the
its human-rights monitoring activities group was organized without a formal live in the free world. They participate losses are great. As a result of these
was shocking, it was, however, no great membership or an organizational sy- in many ways by defending the interna- losses, the Ukrainian Group stopped
surprise to me. What is surprising is that stem. The membership was united on a tional Helsinki movement with political announcing the names of new members
the event was erroneously reported basis of mutual trust, individual respon- and human-rights enthusiasts in scienti- that represent the current basic strength
as a liquidation of the group. sibility, and amicable unanimity with fic circles, cultural groups, trade unions of the group. For this group to function
For more than six years the Moscow equal rights for all. Individuals desiring and other fruitful international liaisons. openly it must have the opportunity to
group - as well as all other Helsinki to become members could join the It is evident that the group has not legally monitor compliance with the
monitoring groups in the Soviet Union group, provided there were no objec- dissolved itself, but has changed its Helsinki Accords. The governments
— carried on its monitoring work tions from the active members. For a center of activity and the direction of its that signed the accords can help attain
despite the Soviet government's (KGIft) member wishing to drop out all that was work, and is continuing its struggle for that opportunity by confronting the
ceaseless persecution, various threats, necessary was a statement of resigna- the release of the imprisoned members USSR with demands of honest com-
loss of livelihood, police surveillance, tion without any explanations required; of this and other groups, as well as of pliance with all of the articles of the
illegal searches, arrests with sentences no one could be expelled from the Soviet political prisoners by demand- Helsinki Accords and providing its
based on fabricated allegations, internal group. No member could make deci- ing either compliance with the Helsinki citizenry with the necessary authority to
exile and expatriation. sions for another, and no one could Accords or asking for its annulment. In oversee the fulfillment of the act. They
obligate others to any action contrary to order to accomplish this the available can ask the Soviets to release all mem-
The group's tenacity of purpose in his will. Each member could make members of the Moscow Group who are bers of the Helsinki Groups, political
human-rights work was a result of its recommendations for a document; it now living abroad must unite and prisoners and prisoners of conscience
judicious organizational principles, its would be considered the group's official replenish their ranks with effective from incarceration, exile and expatria-
flexible tactics, the members' moral paper only upon its being signed by an Moscow human-rights activists. They tion.
steadfastness and courage, their noble acceptable number of members. It was must proclaim a Moscow Helsinki
aspirations, the support of the world If the USSR refuses to accept the
every member's right to participate in Group in exile and begin its active work. above, the Helsinki Accords should
community, the good will of the citizens the group's activities by whatever means
(as evidenced by the continuous flow of As to other Helsinki groups, be they then be declared null and void. This
available, despite the scattering of the Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Armenian or should be followed with a demand for
information on human-rights viola- members as a result of harsh Soviet
tions), and by the arrival of replace- Georgian, let it be known that the the convening of a peace conference to
persecutions. absence of certain overt human-rights resolve the problem of post-World War
ments for those torn from human-rights
ranks by government terrorization. It is In addition to the three previously- activities does not necessarily spell their II boundaries and the liquidation of the
evident that the group's ability to carry mentioned members of the group there demise. Even though members of the Stalin-Hitler pre-war pact on the divi-
on its work was dependent upon an are 12 other members, including four groups have been transferred indivi- sion of spheres of influence.
increasing number of new members. members of the committee for investi- dually from Mordovian and Perm Some final words regarding the other
Unfortunately, the replacements could gating the government abuses of psy- gulags to Kiev and Vilno to undergo Helsinki groups: they were never
not overcome the losses resulting from the chiatry for political purposes, namely: "rehabilitation work," not one person satellites of the Moscow Helsinki Moni-
government's unrestrained harassment. Yuri Orlov, Anatoly Shcharansky, has been found to announce the self- toring Group, although in the spirit of
Vladimir Slepak, Malva Landa, Feliks dissolution of his group. These other cooperation, the Moscow Group was
As a result, the number of active Serebrov, Tatiana Osipova, Victor Helsinki groups, demeaned by some notified post factum of their creation.
members in the Moscow Group steadily Nekipelov, Ivan Kovalev, Vyacheslav members of the press as "satellites," are Their methods and goals were different
decreased until, finally, there were only Bakhmin, Aleksandr Podrabinek, Irina silent for they have been stifled no less from those of the Moscow Group. They
three left: Yelena Bonner, a World War Gryvnina, and Anatoly Koryagin. They vehemently than the Moscow Group. cooperated openly with the Moscow
II invalid and wife of academician are in prison, labor camps, or in exile. Group, receiving help and advice only
Andrei Sakharov; 70-year-old ailing The number of silent voices in the
Not only did everyone find a way to Ukrainian Group is greater than the when requested. Referring to the Mos-
Naum Meiman, a physicist and mathe- reassert his membership but, astonish- cow Group's cessation of human-rights
matician; seriously-ill 75-year-old Sofia number in the Moscow Group. At this
ing as it sounds, made an affirmation to time, 27 members are in prisons, labor activities, members of the Ukrainian
Kalistratova, prominent Moscow at- be on a mission to investigate com- Group wrote: "For over five years the
torney. The three were warned by the camps and in exile: seven of these who
pliance with human rights in prisons. are completing their prison sentences Moscow and the Ukrainian monitoring
Moscow prosecutor that criminal action Helsinki groups have even been or- groups operated in an atmosphere of
against them had been initiated under have received additional sentences,
ganized in prison and labor camps. three live at home under police sur- mutual trust and cooperation." Both
the criminal code article covering "anti- groups were allied in a mutual endeavor
Soviet agitation and propaganda." A Another six of the group members, veillance, seven were expatriated (of
consisting of two expatriates (Grigo- this latter group, six were banished after to establish human rights for all.
stifling, tight police surveillance of the
three was started, making it impossible
for the group to legally continue its
work. These are the hard facts. Book review
Unfortunately, the Western press,
using eye-catching headlines by er-
roneously citing the group's Document
Essays on Austrian Galicia: outstanding collection
195, reported that the Moscow Helsinki by Dr. James E. Mace filled with the publication of the ex- Wilhelm Feldman, and Leila Everett's
Group announced "its own" dissolu- cellent collection of essays edited by survey, "The Rise of Jewish National
tion and made no mention of any The modern Ukrainian movement Andrei S. Markovits and Frank E. Politics in Galicia, 1905-1907." Prof.
voluntary dissolution. The news com- which asserted itself so strongly on the Sysyn, "Nationbuilding and the Poli- Mendelsohn's article provides ample
mentaries, rather than censuring the stage of history after World War I was tics of Nationalism: Essays on Austrian information on the history of Galician
Soviet Union's authorities for degrad- the product of a long symbiotic relation- Galicia." Each of the 11 essays compiled Jewry in the 19th century. Ms. Everett's
ing and violating the Helsinki Accords, ship between the Ukrainian communi- by Profs. Markovits and Sysyn is
chose to emphasize a funeral setting for ties living under Austrian and Russian written by a leading scholar in the field. 15)
one such organization that struggled for rule. After the Ems Ukase of 1876 made As a whole, the book provides the
security, humanrightsand a just peace. Ukrainian national work virtually reader with a useful survey of the pro- Book notes
In addition, the reports erroneously impossible in the Russian Empire, a vince's history and elucidates a number
labelled other Helsinki groups as "satel- number of outstanding Ukrainian acti- on its most interesting sidelights.
lites" of the Moscow group and ignored vists from eastern Ukraine moved to the Teacher publishes
their independent status. freer atmosphere of Galicia or had then- Each essay represents the current
A further example of the commenta- works published there. Galician Ukrai- state of the art in historical scholarship.
The introductory article by Prof. Mar-
tors' posture was the incident revolving nians, for their part, fully came to
about the exile of my friend and asso- realize that they were of the same nation kovits is, all in all, a highly informative DETROIT - "A Ukrainian Grammar
ciate, Academician Sakharov, to Gorky. as their kinsmen to the east and deeply introduction to the general framework for Beginners, Self-Teaching," a book
Instead of expressing outrage over the influenced the development of national of the Habsburg Empire and Galicia's by Martha Wichorek, a former Detroit
authorities' brutal arbitrariness, the consciousness In eastern Ukraine. With place within it, supplemented by an public school teacher, is now available
reports reflected the dour mood: "On the revolution, two sister governments, excellent bibliography on the Austrian through mail order.
the day that A.D. Sakharov was being the Ukrainian National Republic and Empire and the problems of nation- The 338-page book is written in easy-
deported to Gorky, the fate of the human- the Western Ukrainian National Re- building, eminently suitable for the to-understand English, and is geared
rights movement was being decided." public, were established, proclaimed reader who might find that the book especially to all those who know little or
their unity, and Galicians fought for the merely whets his or her appetite to know no Ukrainian. The book contains an
To help clarify and correct the freedom of their eastern brethren under more. English word index and a Ukrainian-
reports, I am briefly providing the the slogan "Through Kiev to Lviv." Prof. Ivan L. Rudnytsky's contribu-
following organizational facts. English dictionary, as well as 29 lessons
tion, "The Ukrainians in Galicia Under and plenty of oral and written exercises
The founders of the Moscow Helsinki Austrian Rule," is the best concise
In view of the crucial importance of with answers.
Group fully realized that a conventional account of the subject ever written by a
eastern Galicia to the development of
organization having a charter, by-laws, The book costs S10 and is available
the national movement, the lack of a Western scholar, and the same can be by writing Ms. Wichorek at 13814
formal membership, division of autho- said for Prof. Piotr Wandycz's essay on
rity, meetings and conferences, wouldconcise, easily readable but scholarly, Vassar Drive, Detroit, Mich. 13814. There
English-language history of Galicia the Poles in the Habsburg Empire. is a SI.50 postage and handling charge
Petro Grigorenko is a member ofboth under Austrian rule has long been a These two essays are complemented for each copy. In Canadian currency
the Moscow and Ukrainian Helsinki major lacuna of Ukrainian studies in the by Ezra Mendelsohn's study of Jewish the cost (including postage and handling)
groups. West. Now that lacuna has partially assimilation in Lviv, the career of is S14.
6 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3,1932 No. 40
Focus on Ukrainian women political prisoners
Smear tactics Oksana Popovych:
When The Weekly first broke the story that Ukrainian dissident Olena
Antoniv Krasivska was the victim of a vicious smear in the August 18 issue of
a Lviv newspaper (see The Weekly, September 5), we expressed fear that the
23 years without freedom
scope and vitriol of the obloquy meant that her arrest was imminent. Sad to by Nina Strokata
say, we were right. News of her arrest has recently reached the West. Ms.
Krasivska was hauled in shortly after her work, her reputation and her Oksana Popovych was born in 1926.
activities were publicly sullied in a spiteful and malicious article in Vilna She grew up at a time when the Ukrai
Ukraine, which is published by the Communist Party of Ukraine. nian nation was in a desperate war with
The technique of prefacing the arrest of a dissident with a well-placed smear German Fascist and Soviet Communist
is not new. It is a form of harassment and intimidation. Ukrainian political invaders. During the war — in 1944 —
prisoners Oles Berdnyk and Mykola Matusevych were both vilified in the Oksana was sentenced to 10 years in a
press before their arrests. Poet and imprisoned Helsinki monitor Vasyl Stus Soviet labor camp for her participation
was branded a fascist by the local press for a year before he was finally in the two-front war for Ukrainian
In the Vilna Ukraina article on Ms. Krasivska, the author accused her of After her release in 1954, she worked
misappropriating money from the Russian Social Fund - set up by at various manual-labor jobs since her
Alexander Solzhenitsyn before his expulsion from the USSR to help the previous incarceration prohibited fur
families of political prisoners - and using it for her own enjoyment. The ther education or any other type of
article reached new heights of creative animadversions, labeling Ms. work.
Krasivska "the Galician banking housewife" who sought to create "a private In 1974, Oksana was arrested again,
banking-credit operation" not unlike "the American Manhattan Chase this time for disseminating samvydav
Bank" (sic). materials. Shortly before her arrest, she
References to Ms. Krasivska's "egoism," selfishness and cunning are underwent orthopedic surgery on her
passim; she is called "trivial, capricious, inconstant... and a liar." hip. Her operation called for a lengthy
But there is more here than mere character assassination. Ms. Krasivska is and special convalescence. Yet, respond
also linked with Ukrainian "bourgeoise nationalism" and other Ukrainian ing to KGB orders, her doctors issued a
dissidents such as Kateryna Zarytska, Mykhailo Osadchy and Ivan Неї, report permitting interrogation.
whose father, the article says, "was an active helper and abettor of Banderite As a result, a warrant was issued for Oksana Popovych
headhunted." Her portrait as a self-glorifying thief is meant to discredit the her arrest, and she was taken into
human-rights movement, Ukrainian nationalists both past and present, and custody on a stretcher. As a protest, ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
the Russian Social Fund and its supporters in the West. Oksana went on a 45-day hunger strike,
which ended after she was force-fed by Oksana's birthday: February 2, 1926.
One often wonders why the Soviets should bother with the elaborate Sources:
rigmarole of such vivid excoriations inthe press. The lurid language, sardonic prison authorities.
Oksana Popovych was sentenced to a в "The Persecution of the Ukrainian
tone and limitless hyperbole of these denunciations evoke a quality of
term of eight years in a strict-regimen Helsinki Group." Toronto: Human
ridiculous parody rather than truth, something, we assume, the average
labor camp and five years' exile. Rights Commission of the World Con
Soviet reader would quickly discern and dismiss as such.
In 1975, the International Women's gress of Free Ukrainians, 1980, pp. 40-
Maybe or maybe not. But the real reason for the smears has less to do with 41.
denouncing nationalism or gaining propaganda ground than it does with Year, she entered a Mordovian labor
intimidation, with the government showing again that, in the Soviet Union, camp on crutches. Today, she must " "The Persecution of the Ukrainian
the press is merely another powerful tool of official repression. The personal walk with the aid of two canes. Helsinki Group. Fifth Anniversary
attacks, the fabrications, the vilification, the brazen lies all send a clear and During her imprisonment, she con update. November 9, 1981." Toronto:
no-nonsense message to Soviet citizens: in this system, there truly is no ducted constant protests against the Human Rights Commission of the
place to hide. There is also no recourse. One doesn't imagine that a dissident unjust and cruel treatment of inmates World Congress of Free Ukrainians,
could bring a libel or slander suit against a Soviet government press organ. by the prison authorities, and she 1981, p. 7, p. 22.
refused to do forced labor at the camp. ' The Human Rights Movement in
We in the West enjoy the benefits of a free press, and are at the same time Ukraine: Documents of the Ukrainian
protected from it by a host of legal constraints and privacy laws. Only those who have experienced
imprisonment in Soviet labor camps Helsinki Group 1976-1980. Baltimore-
Clearly, then, our outrage is heightened when we realize that Ms.
Krasivska and others like her are being victimized by a press monopoly that is can imagine the additional danger Washington-Toronto: Smoloskyp Pub
confronting this invalid woman after lishers, 1980, p. 48, p. 259.
in the hands of a brutal and malevolent government, and that they have no
forum to defend themselves, no way to publicly respond to the government's she refused forced labor. о Herald of Persecution in Ukraine.
wild accusations. We can only support Ms. Krasivska, proclaim her In 1979, while in prison, Oksana New York: External Representation of
innocence and continue to denounce the craven system which sees fit to sic its joined the Ukrainian Helsinki Group. the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, pp. 2-19
yellow journalists on men and women seeking nothing more than the dignity At the time of this writing, her prison (February 1981).
of basic human rights. term is nearing completion. Still ahead, о Hearing and markup before the
however, are five years of internal exile. Committee on Foreign Affairs and its
According to Soviet law, someone with Subcommittee on Human Rights and
Letter to the editor Oksana's serious health problems may International Organizations, House of
be released from the exile term. Never Representatives. 97th Congress, First
Яв; Kobza tour editorial theless, past inconsistencies in the Session on H.Con. Res. Ill; H. Res.
application of criminal law in the USSR 152; H. Res. 193. July 28; July 30; and
September 17, 1981. Washington: U.S.
Dear Editor: their latest album (circa 1979) sells only do not bode well for her release from the Government Printing Office, 1981, p.
In regard to your editorial (Septem moderately in Soviet Russia, while fresh exile sentence. 12.
ber 26) portraying the current Kobza copies of the materpiece are virtually The defense of Oksana Popovych
tour of Canada as a mere "facade" and a unobtainable in Soviet Ukraine. could promote her release from the exile Address:
Oksana Zenonivna Popovych
betrayal of reality, I am taking this Please, we need not the fresh me phase of her punishment. It is impor 431200 Barashevo
opportunity to accuse The Ukrainian mories of Ivasiuk's hideous death - tant to understand that conditions in
uch. Zhkh 385/3-4
Weekly of performing a disservice to its Time magazine goes so far as to call it a exile are in fact not better than in the Tengushevskiy r-n
readers through misrepresentation of "celebrated" case. The Kobza ensemble labor camps, and in many cases are Mordovskaya ASSR
the facts. has its opinions on this of which we shall much worse. USSR
Firstly, the Kobza ensemble was never know. Spare them - and us - Oksana Popovych's labor-camp term
approached and invited to perform by more grief. will end next month. Her exile term is
Оксана Зенонівна Попович,
the National Concert Agency, an or Andrew Schepel scheduled to expire in October'1987. 431200 Барашево,
ganization comprised of Ukrainian Somerset, N.J.
Canadians. Does The Weekly not Nina Strokata is a former Soviet уч. ЖХ 385/3-4,
support the intentions of the honorable P.S.: You may include, as a footnote, political prisoner and is one of the Теньгушевский р-н,
members of this association in soliciting that I was in Ukraine (visiting) the very founding members of the Kiev-based Мордовская АССР,
Kobza, despite their full awareness of day that Ivasiuk was buried — only a Ukrainian Helsinki group. СССР.
the present situation in Soviet Ukraine? few hours away. Due to the strict
Perhaps, our approach to the matter of censorship in the vicinity of Lviv, I was
Soviet tour groups in the United States unaware of the event until I read The
needs a careful re-evaluation. Ukrainian Weekly upon my return to the Philadelphia center to offer Ukrainian
Secondly, Kobza does not, as other United States.
wise suggested by The Weekly, perpe PHILADELPHIA - The Philadel Wednesday starting October 6.
tuate the Potemkin approach to Ukrai Editor's note: The Weekly editorial phia center of the St. Clement Ukrai Registration for the courses will take
nian music and art. Do these young men takes issue neither with the Kobza nian Catholic University in Rome, place on that day beginning at 7 p.m.
not burn with resentment and hostility ensemble itself, nor with the Canadian located at 7911 Whitewood Road in There is no tuition, only a registration
toward the murderers of our beloved agency that arranged the group's tour, Elkins Park, will offer once again free fee of S35. Refreshments will be served
Ivasiuk? Do they not feel the molesting but with the Soviet system that allows a instruction in the Ukrainian language. during class break.
breath of their accompanying nannies group like Kobza to perform abroad This year, there will be two courses — For additional information call Dr.
wherever they perform? The Weekly while "kobzari" and composers like Ukrainian for Beginners and Advanced L. Rudnytzky during business hours at
may find it of interest to realize that Ivasiuk are murdered at home. Ukrainian. Students will meet every (215)951-1200. . . v . v , v.
No. 40 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3,1982
The Madrid Review Conference: an updated report
Religious freedom, which traditionally the Christmas holiday issue of Wiado- A particularly bloody and brutal
Putin has been greater in Poland than in other mosci Szczecinskie which claimed that incident took place on December 16,
The government has been carrying areas of Eastern Europe, also was Jews have been a source of trouble in 1981, when at least nine miners were
out a process described officially as diminished somewhat by martial law. Poland ever since 1947. The article also killed and 39 others wounded in a
"verification," wherein individuals are The weekly religious broadcasts on said that Jews operating through KOR. pitched battle with security forces
required to appear before a board of state radio were suspended on Decem- were trying to seize power in the coun- during the suppression of a strike at the
review which passes on their political ber 13, 1981, and returned on a more try. The Jewish ancestry of KOR leaders Wujek coal mine in Katowice. The
reliability. Those found to be unreliable limited twice-monthly schedule in late Adam Michnik and Karol Modzelewski special riot police (ZOMO) employed
— often on the basis of nothing more January. PAX, the Catholic lay or- was mentioned in a denigrating manner. tanks and other armored vehicles to
than Solidarity membership — are ganization which had evolved since The Grunwald Patriotic Union, a crush miners who formerly were the
dismissed from their jobs. No figures 1980 from a strongly pro-regime and hard-line nationalist group with de- bedrock of support for the regime. The
are available on the exact number of politically orthodox group with anti- cided anti-Semitic overtones, seems to miners have converted the site of the
those who have lost their jobs or Semitic tendencies into an organization be one of the few political entities to battle into an informal shrine. On the
undergone the verification process, but of more independent views and liberal have survived martial law. The Grun- same day, the official Polish media
the evidence suggests that many thou- convictions, moved toward more tradi- wald group reappeared in 1981 with reported that 324 people, including 164
sands have been involved. Indeed, the tional positions under martial law. support from conservative circles in the civilians and 160 policemen, had been
army newspaper Zolnierz Wolnosci Ryszard Reiff, the chairman of PAX, party after a long period of inactivity. It injured and one person had been killed
urged on Janaury IS that the verifica- was ousted from his position and purports to interpret Polish nationalism in Gdansk, the birthplace of Solidarity,
tion of staff process be "carried out at all removed as head of the Catholic parlia- by tracing an alleged continuum of alien during street demonstrations near the
levels important for our national exis- mentary group (ZNAK) in January, (i.e., Jewish) influence in events in monument to shipyard workers slain
tence... (including) the party, adminis- reportedly because he was the only Poland from the security service purges there in 1970. Eyewitness accounts
trative apparat, economy, education, member of the Council of State to vote of the 1950s to present Solidarity noted that the demonstrations conti-
press, radio and television as well as against promulgating the state of emer- activists. nued, and a virtual police riot ensued on
many other fields." The article also gency. Polish universities have a long- December 17, 1981, as security forces
stressed the need to root out "disguised standing reputation for an independent broke the strike in the Gdansk ship-
ideological and political opponents." From the outset, the regime sought to yards. The events in Gdansk on January
portray the Catholic Church's position spirit. Many of them were at least
The process of verification has not partially paralyzed by student strikes 31, where a number of people were
on reconciliation as support for the injured and over 200 demonstrators
only been aimed at those occupying pacification aspects of its martial law during the month preceding martial
sensitive positions in the government or law. The strikes reflected impatience were arrested, were another example of
policies. As that premise became more the authorities' unrestricted use of force
the media but also at ordinary workers difficult to project, a series of official with intentional government delays in
who have been ordered to sign denun- adopting a higher education bill em- against an unarmed populace. In mid-
press commentaries accused some February, security forces conducted a
ciations of Solidarity. Those who refuse members of the clergy ofcontributing to bodying long-awaited academic re-
have been either demoted or fired. forms. Universities throughout Poland massive countrywide sweep for sus-
the problems which led to the imposi- pected martial law violators. Official
Church officials, including the primate, tion of martial law. Trybuna Ludu were closed following the imposition of
Archbishop Glemp, have often and martial law on December 13, 1981. Polish Press Agency reports indicated
expressed surprise over "provocative that 145,000 people were checked
bitterly denounced this practice, which and politically inciting gestures by some Most did not reopen until February 8.
makes a mockery of the goverment's Severe restrictions have been imposed during "Operation Calm"; 3,500 people
representatives of the clergy." One were detained and taken to a police
professed policy of tolerance and conci- priest was arrested and received a three to keep Polish campuses under tight
liation towards Solidarity and its mem- control. The compulsory study of the station; 7,000 fines were imposed; and
and one-half-year prison sentence in 4,000 cases were referred to misde-
bers, as immoral and unethical. Koszalin province for allegedly "publicly Russian language and Marxism-Leni-
nism has been reintroduced (something meanor tribunals as a result of this
Indeed, the Church has long sought insulting and deriding...the ruling
both students and faculty fought hard major demonstration of force by the
to maintain a dialogue between Soli- authorities and...spreading false infor-
to have removed); a limited "verifica- authorities.
darity and the authorities in the interests mation." Another priest was arrested in
of internal peace and national renewal. March and charged with concealing the tion" procedure has taken place in a In various statements, the military
After December 13, 1981, the Church murder weapon in connection with the number of universities; military com- regime's leaders have insisted that the
spoke out often and forcefully on the slaying of a militiaman on a Warsaw missars have been assigned to oversee decision to implement martiallaw
need to end martiallaw and returned to streetcar. the operation of the universities; and resulted from their revulsion at the
a dialogue among the parties in Poland. student and faculty ability to function is thought of Polish blood being shed in
The Polish episcopate, in several There have been signs that some severely restricted. Henryk Samsono- fratricidal strife. It is impossible to
pastoral letters and statements, called Polish officials have engaged in anti- wicz, the respected rector of Warsaw reconcile such statements with the
for a swift end to martial law, release of Semitic activities as part of the political University, was forced to resign his post employment of special heayily armed
internees, amnesty for those charged oppression undertaken since December in early April. Later the faculty senate riot police and elite internal security
with violating martial law and for those 13, 1981. Brief expressions of anti- approved a resolution condemning the troops of the Interior Ministry to quell
still in hiding, and an end to dismissals Semitic sentiment and personal slurs dismissal process and the selection of a the actions of unarmed workers and
from work for political views or union and innuendo appeared in several new rector without consulting the students.
membership. The bishops also urged a newspaper articles denouncing promi- university.
resumption of talks between Solidarity nent opposition figures from Solidarity Since normal rights of assembly Despite continuous announcements
and the authorities to extricate the and the defunct Committee for Social remain suspended, in most universities in the official media about the return of
country from what they termed a Self-Defense (KOR). The December 17 students and faculty may only visit the stability, normalcy, peace and social
deepening catastrophe. Archbishop and 18, 1981, issues of Trybuna Ludu campus for classes or to go directly to discipline, the martial law regime
Glemp also gave a number of well- gave short biographical sketches of the library. Students showing any type continues to exist. Gen. Jaruzelski's
publicized sermons calling for a dis- prominent opposition activists and of politically deviant behavior are being announcement in the Sejm on January
mantling of martial law and a return to outlined their past anti-regime activities. threatened with expulsion or military 25 that martial law restrictions would be
the process of dialogue and national The articles pointed to alleged involve- lifted by the end of February was so
renewal. On March 4, he publicly called ment with "Zionism" and particularly qualified as to be almost meaningless,
for the release of Lech Walesa and other to manifestations of support for Israel The Independent Association of and he made clear that many aspects of
detainees at a religious ceremony near in the late 1960s. For example, the Students, the student counterpart of martial law may continue indefinitely in
the giant Ursus tractor complex. In a December 17 article stated that after Solidarity, was dissolved by the autho- the economic sector. Gen. Jaruzelski
brief address supplementing his Easter release from prison in the early 1970s, rities on January 5 for alleged "subver- later told the Communist Party's Cen-
message, the primate posed a clear Jacek Kuron "established contact with sive and illegal activities"during martial tral Committee on February 24 that
challenge to the martial law regime. He emigre circles, and with Zionist, Trot- law. However, it reportedly has begun plans to end martial law restrictions had
called for the removal of barriers skyite and Western sabotage centers." underground operations and issued been delayed by continued social and
separating the authorities and society, The December 18 article described the clandestine bulletins commenting on industrial unrest. Some modifications
and announced the release for public career of Bronislaw Geremek and stated various aspects of martial law. of martial law restrictions did take
discussion of a document titled "Re- that, "after the Israeli attack on Arab In implementing martial law, the place, principally in the areas of the
garding Social Conciliation" which he countries, he made known his revi- military regime has used considerable curfew, transportation and communi-
had sent to the government. This sionist views and turned in his party force to crush any signs of resistance cation. Limited public social gather-
document called for a new discussion card in 1969." From this time onward, — even passive resistance. The authori- ings, resumption of intercity telephone
between the government, the Church, "his main connections were with Zio- ties have employed tanks, small arms, communications on a censored basis
and a broadly based committee repre- nist-revisionist centers." In a similar clubs, tear gas, rubber bullets and water and a relaxation of internal travel
senting all elements in Polish society, vein, the Polish Press Agency on Ja- cannon to break up non-violent strikes restrictions were among the measures
including Solidarity. The dialogue nuary 9 described Solidarity adviser and demonstrations. Official state- announced by the beginning of March.
would seek to negotiate an end to Seweryn Blumsztajn as "the favorite of ments acknowledged 10 deaths as a The curfew, which ran from 11 p.m. to 5
martial law, explore ways to reactivate certain anarchist and cosmopolitan result of government suppression of a.m. in most parts of the country, was
trade unions and to re-establish civil circles in the West," and the Army protest actions, but unofficial and lifted temporarily on May 2 as part of a
rights, and address economic and social newspaper Zolnierz Wolnosci on unconfirmed reports indicate a higher limited easing of martial law restric-
reforms. The document also took Soli- February 23 linked KOR with "Zionist number of fatalities. No firm estimates tions. The military authorities, citing
darity to task for pre-martial law milieus seeking to antagonize Polish have been made of the number of "further progress in normalization of
excesses and urged recognition by society." persons injured and wounded in the public life," also announced the release
Polish society of "economic and geo- of 800 detainees on May 2 and granted,
political ' realities." The most glaring instance of pub- course of government "pacification"
lished anti-Semitism was an article in actions. (Continued on paft 14)
8 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. OCTOBER 3.1982 No. 40
Post Office Box 134
MEDIA ACTION COALITION Whippany, New Jersey 07981
Toward accuracy in classification at the Library of Congress
It is with great pleasure that the MA Cpublishes this Chernigov and classified according to the Library of names of Ukraine (e.g., Brody, Ukraine, and not
article by our guest author, Andrew Turchyn. Dr. Congress classification schedules as a Russian city, all Brody, Russia, as it was until 1967) and in indirect
Turchyn is professor and librarian emeritus, Indiana American libraries, press, television, etc. regard this subdivisions (e.g., Agriculture — Ukraine — Crimea,
University Library, Bloomington, Ind. Ukrainian city as a Russian one. It is laudable that and not Agriculture — Russia - Crimea), the Soviet
each year in Congress we celebrate the Captive Nations Union is no longer called "Russia," and the Ukrainian
by Andrew Turchyn Week and commemorate the independence of U- provinces, cities, towns, etc. will be classified within
kraine, Byelorussia, and some other captive nations the history schedule of Ukraine. Still there are many
In I960, when the Library of Congress was still but it seems that these actions of ours become other changes which ought to be made.
using its outdated classification schedules reflecting meaningless when in everyday life we negate our The Library of Congress has to stop treating
the political situation in Europe before World War I, I solemn addresses." Ukraine as a province of Russia, as reflected in the
sent a memo to the Library of Congress suggesting Finally I received an answer from the Library of Class A (4th ed., 1973) and in some other classification
many changes in its classification schedules, subject Congress to my letter of March 10. Lucia J. Rather, schedules. Each Soviet republic should have its
headings and main entries. director of cataloguing, informed me in her letter of classification schedules outside and not inside the
When my effort brought no change, in 1967 I asked June 28 that the Subject Cataloguing Division had classification schedules of Russia. It is not enought to
Sen. Milton B. Young to intervene. Pressure on the agreed to relocate history schedules of some of the change the heading "Russia" to the "Soviet Union"
ibrary of Congress was put also on forums of the non-Russian republics and to provide each of them and to have the outdated classification schedules
)la vie and East European Section of the Association with its own local history number. However, the unchanged. The classification schedules related to the
of College and Research Libraries, the American library decided that "all matters involving the Soviet Union have to be elaborated. All constituent
Library Association, and the American Association Revolution should be classed in DK.265.95 according republics of the USSR should be listed in the tables of
for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. to existing policy." subdivisions in the various classification schedules,
In this way the Library of Congress became aware of As far as Ukrainian local history is concerned, my especially in the "Tables of Geographical Divisions" of
a general dissatisfaction with its cataloguing policy. As efforts brought a complete success. From now on, all the Class H and the "Tables of Subdivisions" in the
a result, several important changes related to provinces, cities and towns of Ukraine will be Class N.
cataloguing and classification of East European classified within the history schedule of Ukraine, and The Library of Congress has to remove all traces of
materials were made. Slavic librarians accepted these not of Russia, as it was before. misconceptions based on the outdated assertions that
changes with satisfaction and hope that the Library of In my answer to Ms. Rather of July 7,1 wrote: "If the USSR is Russia and that all Eastern Slavs are
Congress would finally make all of the necessary the Library of Congress is not in the position now to Russians. Furthermore, the Library of Congress has
improvements in cataloguing materials related to the make a new schedule for the Soviet Union, then it to make the necessary changes in its classification
Soviet Union and its republics, the area most neglected would be advisable to have the schedules of the non- schedules and subject headings related to history,
by the Library of Congress. However, the Library of Russian republics outside the schedule of Russia. In language, literature, etc. of Kievan Rus'. We cannot be
Congress postponed further changes. this way the Russian history material would be left silent as long the Library of Congress deprives us of
Since lack of additional funds and personnel is one together and the material related to each non-Russian our glorious past and the rich cultural heritage of
of the usual Library of Congress excuses for not republic would follow it according to the relocated Kievan Rus'. We also have to protest to the U.S. Board
making the necessary changes, in my letter of March schedules. The best place for them would, in my of Geographic Names against use of the Russian form of
10, 1982, to the library I suggested only such changes opinion, be between DK1000 and DK4000. In such an the geographic names of Ukraine. The Library of
which required neither special funds nor personnel. It arrangement the non-Russian republics would be Congress will stop using the Russian form only after
was a test of good will. treated the same way as the Slovaks in the history the U.S. Board on Geographic Names accepts the
schedule of Czechoslovakia and the non-Serbs in the Ukrainian form.
Several years ago the Library of Congress accepted
the regional or ethnic principle, suggested by me, in the new schedule of Yugoslavia." Immediate action should be led by our representa-
new history schedule for Czechoslovakia. Now the In regard to the library's refusal to remove the tion in this country, as well as by our scientific
local history of Slovakia is included in the history restrictive notes concerning the revolutions in the societies, institutes and professional associations.
schedule of Slovakia, and this fact allows libraries to former Russian Empire, I brought several arguments
keep all historical materials on Slovakia together. which ought to prove that the present Library of
However, the Library of Congress does not want to Congress policy is neither just nor logical, but is a sign
apply this principle to the non-Russian republics of the of favoritism applied to no nation other than the Library of Congress statement
Soviet Union. The classification schedule History- Russian.
Class D contains the "tables for countries and regions I am glad that meanwhile the Media Action
on subject headings for
with single numbers or Cutter numbers." These tables
have been applied not only to the states created after
Coalition published in The Ukrainian Weekly (May
23, 1982) the article "Toward accuracy in classification
Russians and Soviet Union
World War II in Africa and elsewhere but also to systems" and recommended writing letters to con- In the May 23, 1982, issue of The Ukrainian
several republics of the Soviet Union. gressmen and senators concerning the Library of Weekly, the following "Action Item" appeared:
Yet, the Library of Congress practice does not allow Congress cataloguing policy. The MAC's action dis- "The Library of Congress, an official arm of the
cataloguers to use the local history number of the turbed the Library of Congress. Mary K. D. Pietris, chief, legislative branch of our government, has unilate-
tables for the local history of the non-Russian Subject Cataloguing Division, prepared the "Library of rally decreed that everyone in the USSR is a
republics of the Soviet Union. Instead, cataloguers are Congress Statement on Subject Headings for Russians Russian and every aspect related to the identity of
referred to the local history of Russia. By doing so, the and the Soviet Union" and sent it to Rep. Hawkins, the 100 nations and nationalities within the
Library of Congress not only commits a mistake, but who forwarded it to me. common framework of the USSR is Russian. This
also unnecessarily antagonizes some segments of our In my letter to Ms. Pietris of August 3,1 stressed is the type of information that the Library of
population. To classify, for example, Kiev as a that her complaint that The Ukrainian Weekly "has Congress will furnish to every federal legislator who
Russian city is no less offensive to a Ukrainian misunderstood and misrepresented the position of the will request any information on the USSR.
American than it would be to an Irish American to Library of Congress" was not justified. The Ukrainian "RECOMMENDED ACTION: Write to your
classify Dublin as an English city. Weekly did not change her statement. It only informed federal representatives, congressman and senators
Since there is no reason that cataloguers should not its readers about the library's decision to use and ask them please to investigate why the Library
use the local history number of the above-mentioned "Russian" as the general adjective for citizens of the of Congress intends to misinform them on the
tables for the non-Russian republics, I requested that Soviet Union and recommended action against it. The subject of the USSR. Also write or call every
the Library of Congress change its policy as soon as non-Russians who constitute about one-half of the candidate running for a federal office and ask them
possible. I also asked the library to cancel the entire population of the Soviet Union simply do not to express their position on this issue."
restrictive notes, which tell cataloguers not to classify wish to be called "Russians" and there is nothing (Then followed information on how to discover
the revolutionary periods of the years 1905-6 and wrong with it. the names of congressmen and senators, and the
1917-21 within the history schedules of the non- The book titled "Soviet Cooking Today" should suggestion to send copies of the letters to "Mr. D. J.
Russian republics, but as a local revolutionary history never have the heading "Cookery, Russian," but only Boorstine fsicj, librarian, and Office of the Director
of Russia (DK264.2 and DK265.8). Following these "Cookery, Soviet." It is quite true that "most educated of Cataloguing" and to Rep. Augustus F. Hawkins
discriminatory notes, cataloguers disperse the books, Americans fail to distinguish the subtle difference and Sen. Charles McC. Mathias Jr.)
which cover some very important periods, including between 'Russians' and 'Soviet people' and use the The Ukrainian Weekly has misunderstood and
the period of independence of several republics terms interchangeably." However, it shows that these misrepresented the position of the Library of
among materials covering the history of Russia. Americans, although well educated in their fields, are Congress. Below is a description of our actual
Since I did not receive an answer to my letter of quite ignorant in the field of Soviet studies. It is sad policies.
March 10, 1982, on May 3 I wrote a letter to Richard that the Library of Congress has contributed much to Until January 1981, the subject heading "Russia"
Richards, chairman of the Republican National this ignorance by its outdated classification and was used to describe the country of the Soviet
Committee, and to Sen. Richard G. Lugar, asking incorrect subject headings. Union and its historical development from earliest
them for their support of my action. I also sent a letter The Ukrainian community should not be silent times through the centuries up to today. In January
to Augustus F. Hawkins, chairman. Joint Committee when misinformation about Ukraine and Ukrainians 1981, the subject heading "Russia" was replaced by
on the Library, asking him for his intervention. is constantly disseminated. Thanks to my and other the subject heading "Soviet Union." All date
In my letter to Sen. Lugar I wrote: "Since, according librarians' efforts, the Library of Congress made subdivisions formerly included under Russia are
to the U.S. Board on Geographic Names, the Ukrai- several changes in its cataloguing and classification.
nian city Cbemihiv, for example, has been called Now Ukraine's name appears after the geographical
NsJfi. THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. OCTOBER 3.1982 9
ACTION ITEMS Write to: Jack Anderson, care of your local
with the entire families of the principals of the Helsinki
movement. The Sichkos, father and son, were
Send copy to: the editor of your local newspaper. reaching the end of their term; now they have been
Library of Congress revisited
resentenced to an extra three years. The leader of the
U.S. News A World Report Ukrainian movement, Mykola Rudenko, and his wife
Many persons who wrote to their federal represen are in jail. He has spinal injuries. There is no
tatives after reading the Library of Congress "Action In reply to an inquiry as to why the U.S. News A medication made available to him."
Item" in the May 23 issue of The Ukrainian Weekly World Report interchangeably uses the terms "Russia"
received responses which included the library of and "USSR," Ben. F. Phlegar,executive editor, stated
Congress statement printed in this MAC edition. RECOMMENDED ACTION:
the following: If your local newspaper carries Mr. Wattenberg's
column, write to the letters editor and express your
RECOMMENDED ACTION: "While using 'Russia' and 'Soviet Union' inter appreciation of this fact. If not then write to Mr.
Write back to your U.S. representative and changeably may be technically inaccurate, we believe Wattenberg directly and thank him for bringing
senators, and indicate that the Library of Congress that common and conversational usage makes them information about Ukraine to the attention of the
statement is full of inaccuracies and only reinforces the acceptable. As you know, the practice is common in American public.
purpose of your original letter. Dr. Andrew Turchyn's magazines, newspapers, radio, television and in
response to the Library of Congress (also published in books. We do not believe the oversimplification Write to: Ben. J. Wattenberg, c/o American
this MAC edition) raises several valid points for you to misleads any reader or listener, which is the important Enterprise institute, 1150 17th St., NW, Washington,
consider in your own response. thing." D.C. 20036.
Public concern via congressional inquiry about the
Library of Congress Subject Headings practice Lucy S. Dawidowkz
resulted in response from the Library of Congress. Since this is the same standard answer that the U.S.
This process should be encouraged through continued Ms. Dawidowicz, seeker of truth and inveterate
News A World Report has been using for the last four chronicler of the "evil" Ukrainians, in her book "The
correspondence with members of Congress. Our years, write to Ben F. Phlegar and tell him that, yes
federal representatives'awareness of inaccuracies will, Holocaust and the Historians" (Harvard University
you are confused by their practice and that you indeed Press), makes the following observations: "The
in turn, be reflected in changes to the cataloguing expect more from their publication than just simple
system. Ukrainians became Germany's most diligent colla
oversimplifications. borators. They even turned up as helpers in the murder
Send copies to: Dr. Andrew Turchyn, librarian and
professor emeritus, Indiana University Library, Write to: Ben. F. Phlegar, executive editor, U.S. of the Jews as far from home as the Warsaw ghetto,
Bloomington, Ind. 47405; and to the president of the where they served as auxiliaries to Gen. Jurgen
News A. World Report, 2300 N. St., NW, Washington,
Ukrainian Library Association of America: Dr. Stroop's SS troops in putting down the uprising in the
D C . 20037. Warsaw ghetto in April-May 1943."
Dmytro Shtohryn, Special Languages Department, Send copies to: M. L. Stone, editor; L. Tanzer,
University of Illinois Library, Urbana, 111. 61801. managing editor; J. H. Sweet, publisher. Are these the type of "facts" that Ms. Dawidowicz
advocates should be taught as a mandatory curriculum
Jack Anderson's columns Ben Wattenberg on the Holocaust in our public schools?
Most recently, nationally syndicated columnist RECOMMENDED ACTION:
Ben Wattenberg, United Features syndicated
Jack Anderson has published two columns dealing Write to Ms. Dawidowicz and ask her if she is as
columnist as well as an eminent scholar and an
with Ukraine and I or Ukrainians. On September 19 his ready to condemn the whole Jewish nation for the
assistant to former President Lyndon B. Johnson,
column compared the plight of a Swedish family with bloody pogroms in Lebanon and the Rosh Hashanah
recently wrote two columns which included informa
the case of Walter Polovchak. Three days later, Mr. massacre in Beirut as she is so eager to condemn every
tion on Ukraine.
Anderson wrote a lengthy column discussing Soviet Ukrainian?
In a column for the week of September 7, he wrote:
oppression of Ukraine and its relation to the Solidarity "The Russians, as of this moment, still make up 52 Write to: Lucy S. Dawidowicz, 200 W. 86th St.,
movement. percent of the USSR's population. The 'Slavic' Apt. 20L, New York, N.Y. 10024.
republics, which include not only Russians but 50
RECOMMENDED ACTION: million Ukrainians, make up 72 percent of the USSR Send copies to: A. J. Rosenthal, director, Harvard
Let Mr. Anderson know of your appreciation for his (although many Ukrainians also feel captured, not University Press, 79 Garden St., Cambridge, Mass.
efforts in publicizing the repression in Ukraine. captivated, by the Russians)." 02138; and to: Prof. O. Pritsak, director, Harvard
Secondly, remind him tactfully that Walter Polov In a column for the week of September 20, he wrote: University Ukrainian Research Institute, 1S83
chak's parents returned not to Russia, but to Ukraine. "In fthej Ukraine, the authorities have taken to dealing Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, Mass. 02138.
being transferred to the new heading. These "Russian" to do double duty, first as a specific that most educated Americans fail to distinguish
changes will appear in the January-June 1981 issue nationality designation, and second as a collective the subtle difference between "Russians" and
of the supplement to Library of Congress Subject word describing all Soviet citizens. We are well "Soviet people" and use the two terms inter
Headings to be published this summer. aware that not all Soviet citizens are "Russians" in changeably.
This practice cbrresponds with our general the limited nationality sense. We were, however, To ensure understanding of our practices, here is
practice of using as a subject heading only the latest persuaded to continue our practice of using another example. If we catalogue a book titled
form of name for a country. Under this latest form "Russians" in a broad sense because the distinction "Soviet Cooking Today," it would receive the
of name are included those historical date subdi between Russian and Soviet is not commonly made subject "Cookery, Russian" in two cases: 1) if it is
visions back to the earliest time period when both by persons using library card catalogues, nor by about cookery in more than three republics or
the geographical extent of the country and its name many authors of general books. To require that reflecting more than three nationalities in the
may have been different. This practice is similar to both users and cataloguers distinguish whether, for Soviet Union, or 2) if it is limited to cookery in the
the practice in general encyclopedias such as the instance, the movie "The Russians Are Coming, RFSFR fsicj or by people of the Russian nationality. A
World Book, where, in the article on Russia, its The Russians Are Coming" was really about people work on Ukrainian cookery will receive the heading
history is described as beginning around 1000 B.C., of the Russian nationality or about Russians, "Cookery, Ukrainian," a work on Uzbek cookery
and the history of the United States is described Ukrainians, Byelorussians, etc. so that the term the heading "Cookery, Uzbek," and so forth.
starting "more than 20,000years ago."In both cases "Soviet" could be used, places an intolerable We hive no intention whatsoever of ignoring the
the history of the currently existing country is burden on people to make a distinction where none nationalities that make up the Soviet Union and
described as beginning long before the present may have been intended or can be possible. will recognize them whenever appropriate to do so
government came into existence. People should be assured, however, if a work in our cataloguing. We also have no intention of
In our subject heading system, the republics of were catalogued that is specifically and unam misinforming congressmen and senators on the
the Soviet Union, such as Ukraine, Latvia and the biguously identified as concerning one specific subject of the USSR. The author of "Action Items"
Uzbek SSR, and the states of the United States, republic or nationality within the Soviet Union, has misinterpreted our practices. — Mary K. D.
such as Pennsylvania, Delaware and Utah, exist as such as on Ukraine or Ukrainians, it would receive Pietris, chief, Subject Cataloguing Division,
separately named entities. Under each of these there an appropriate and specific heading. Similarly, if a Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540.
may also be historical dates listed. However, for the work were catalogued on two republics or nationa
United States, no history period is given before the lities such as Ukraine and Lithuania, it would
"Colonial period, ca. 1600-1770." The republics of receive an appropriate heading for each. If a work Comment on statement
the Soviet Union are treated differently, in that were catalogued on three of the nationalities in the by Library of Congress
early history may be covered by an indication that Soviet Union, it would receive headings for all
works are written about the area up to a certain three. However, only if the work covered four or This is my comment on the "Library of Congress
significant date, such as "Ukraine — History - To more nationalities or republics would the heading Statement on Subject Headings for Russians and
1648" and "Latvia - History - To 1562." Specific "Russians" (in this case meaning "citizens of the the Soviet Union," which you presented at the
time periods may be added as warranted by the Soviet Union ") or "Soviet Union" be used. This is our conference of the Ukrainian Library Association of
books catalogued at the Library of Congress. general rule of three: if more than three similiar America in Philadelphia. I am sorry that I cannot
When we adopted the term "Soviet Union" in headings --are needed, assign the next agree with your arguments. The fallacy lies in your
1981 we decided to retain the language and broader heading available. We accept: the regarding "Russia" and the "Soviet Union" as
nationality adjective "Russian" and to continue our ambiguous use of "Russian" as ч language, a identical terms. Russia (RSFSR) is not the Soviet
60-year-old practice of using "Russian" as the nationality, and a substitute for "Soviet" on the Union, but a part of it. The Soviet Union is not the
general adjective for citizens of the Soviet Union basis of convenience for cataloguers and for general latest form of name for the country called Russia, as
instead of introducing the adjective "Soviet." We users of catalogues. Regardless of the technically your statement mistakenly implies. Therefore, you
recognize that this practice requires the word narrow meaning of the term "Russian," we accept (Continued on pap 12)
10 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3.1982 No. 40
reasons, in my letter of March 10, a copy of which is that we are not able to follow through on it, since to do
enclosed, I suggested only such changes which would so would violate our policy for the treatment of wars,
require no additional funds or personnel. Yet, to this revolutions, etc. Today we provide only one block of
MEDIA ACTION COALITION day, even the receipt of my letter was not acknow numbers for an event of this kind in the schedule,
ledged. ..." - Andrew Turchyn, in a letter to Rep. including provision for local history. If exceptions do
Augustus F. Hawkins, chairman, Joint Committee on exist in the various history schedules, they stem from
the Library, Washington. earlier times when other policies may have been in
effect. Therefore, all matters involving the Revolution
COMBAT Ш "Several years ago, when I had pleasure of
should be classed in DK265-265.95 according to
existing policy. We do not wish to disperse the
meeting you at a sports event in Bloomington, I talked material. ..." - Lucia J. Rather, director for cata
CORRESPONDENCE with you about my disappointment with the Library of
Congress concerning its policy of cataloguing Slavic
loguing, Library of Congress, Washington, in a letter
to Andrew Turchyn.
and East European materials. At that time you
Ш "Twenty-two years ago I sent my first memo expressed your willingness to do whatever might be
randum to the Library of Congress concerning the Ш "I am grateful to you and glad that I finally
appropriate in order to improve the situation. Now it received the answer to my letter of March 10,
necessary changes in its main entries, subject headings, seems to me that I have to ask you for your help.
and classification schedules, which were dictated by addressed to Mr. William J. Welsh, deputy librarian of
"For several decades the Library of Congress Congress. ...
the political changes in Europe after 1914. The Library neglected to recognize many changes that occurred on
of Congress, as well as many other libraries could have "The Library of Congress has heard many times and
the political map of Europe in the 20th century, when from many persons that the classification schedules
avoided many problems and unnecessary expenses, if several East European countries, previously ruled by
the LC would not have ignored my suggestions for related to the area and peoples of the Soviet Union
Austria, Germany, Russia and Turkey, became either have been in the most urgent need of revision. Yet, the
many years, but had accepted them in time, when fully independent states or federated republics.
Slavic collections in North America were still answer usually has been that such a revision has not
According to the Library of Congress classification been possible at the present time, although at the same
relatively small. ... schedules, such Czechoslovak territories as Moravia
"1 do know the reasons why a few years ago the LC time entirely new classification schedules were being
and Slovakia, for example, as late as 197S still were prepared for several countries (Albania, Czechoslo
had temporarily to postpone working on further regarded as the Austrian provinces; ... There was a
changes. Although it seems to me that the situation has vakia, Poland, Yugoslavia, etc.) and major shifts in
similar situation with Poland. The Polish provinces, collections were being made....
changed recently for the better, nevertheless in this cities, etc. were classified as Austrian, German or
letter I would like to propose nothing else but a "In LC Classification" Add it ions and Changes, list
Russian ones as if Poland still was partitioned in'
cancellation of some discriminatory notes, the 205, January-March 1982, the Library of Congress
removing of which requires neither additional funds presents an entirely new history schedule for Yugo
"...Only in the 70s the Library of Congress started toslavia. At the beginning of it there is a note: For works
nor personnel, and could be done in a few minutes. make some changes under the pressure of the Slavic
"Several years ago the LC accepted the regional, or limited to specific republics, see the individual
and East European Section of the Association of republic.... Why, then, is it not possible to rework in
ethnic principle in the new history schedule for College and Research Libraries as well as the
Czechoslovakia. Now the local history of Slovakia is the same way the classification schedule for the Soviet
American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Union, or at least to apply the same principle of
included in the history schedule of Slovakia and this Studies. However, the most urgent changes, related to
fact allows libraries to keep all historical materials on keeping together all materials on a specific republic
Russia and the Soviet Union, have been postponed. even within the present, classification schedule? ...
Slovakia together. However, the LC does not want to For the Library of Congress, our de facto national
apply this principle to the non-Russian republics of the "In regard to my second proposal, you write that the
library and supposed center of up-to-date and correct LC is not able to follow through on it, since to do so
Soviet Union. ... information, the Soviet Union did not even exist in
"My final request to the Library of Congress is to would violate our policy for the treatment of wars,
1980. ... revolutions, etc." In spite of the fact that the LC has
cancel also the restrictive notes, which tell cataloguers "Instead of demanding from the Russians that they
not to classify the revolutionary periods of the years special schedules for both world wars, the years 1914-8
respect the rights of the non-Russian republics, and 1939-45 are not eliminated from the history
1905-6 and 1917-21 within the history schedules of the provided in their constitutions, we ourselves treat
non-Russian republics, but as a local revolutionary schedules of individual countries, are they? I also do
these republics as colonies of Russia. not know what other revolutions, besides the Russian
history of Russia (DK264.2 and DK26S.8). Following "The Library of Congress, by its policy of cata
these discriminatory notes, cataloguers disperse the ones, you have in mind, which are treated the same
loguing materials related to these republics, has been way. Besides, the LC does not apply the restrictive
books, which cover the very important periods creating the public opinion that these republics are
including the period of independence of several notes to the entire area of the former Russian Empire,
indeed the provinces of Russia.... but only to those republics which have not been
republics, among materials covering history of
"As far as the Library of Congress is concerned, 1 successful in their struggle for independence. Although
Russia...." - Andrew Turchyn, librarian and professor
wish nothing else from our de facto national library today the status of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania is
emeritus, Indiana University Library, Bloomington,
but accurate information for our public about Russia' not better than that of Ukraine (which is a member of
Ind., in a letter to William J. Welsh, deputy librarian
and the non-Russian republics of the Soviet Union.... the U.N.), there are no restrictive notes in their
of Congress, Washington.
"I shall appreciate, if you, Dear Sen. Lugar, and schedules, not mentioning. Poland and Finland,
perhaps some of your colleagues in the Congress former parts of the Russian Empire. ...
would be willing to investigate the situation at the "I assure you, Dear Ms. Rather, that all librarians
Ш "...The action you have taken thus far appears to Library of Congress and to press for the necessary
be correct. However, if you have not already done so, dealing with the Slavic and East European.materials
changes. ..." — Andrew Turchyn, in a letter to Sen. would be delighted if the LC would apply the same
it would be beneficial to write to the chairman of the Richard G. Lugar, Washington. principles in cataloguing materials related to the non-
Joint Committee on the Library who has oversight of
Russian republics of the Soviet Union, which the LC
Library of Congress administration. ...
"I appreciate your support and wish you every Ш "I was very glad to receive your recent letter not long ago started to apply to the constituent
mailed upon your return from Urbana, 111. republics of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, as is
success in your endeavors." - Richard Richards, reflected in their new history schedules." — Andrew
chairman, Republican National Committee, in a letter "When I received a copy of your previous Turchyn, in a letter to Lucia J. Rather.
to Andrew Turchyn. correspondence to me concerning Library of Congress
cataloguing of Slavic and East European materials, I
wrote immediately to the librarian of Congress, Mr. Ш "Thank you for bringing to public attention the
Ш "In 1960, when I was head of the Slavic Section Daniel Boorstin. distinctive role Ukraine plays within the Soviet Union,
and associate head of the Catalogue Department, "I requested Mr. Boorstin to have someone on his and the fear Ukrainian nationalism instills in the
Indiana University Library, Bloomington, Ind., I sent staff address the concerns you have about Library of Russian Communist hierarchy ('Kremlin Fears
a memorandum to the Library of Congress in which I Congress policy and its failure to recognize the current Restive Ukraine', September 22). It is high time that
suggested many changes in its main entries, subject geographic situation...." - Sen. Richard G. Lugar, in the West recognizes the powerful allies it has in the
headings and classification schedules dictated by the a letter to Andrew Turchyn. non-Russian republics of the USSR. ...
changes in the political map of Eastern Europe. "My only disagreement with the article deals with
"It was hard to believe that the Library of Congress, your description of Ukrainian support of the Germans
which ought to be the center of correct and up-to-date U "Your letter in which you proposed that the against the Russians. While it is true that at the
information, would as late as I960 still use the library initiate several changes in the text of Subclass beginning of the war Ukrainians expected the German
unrevised classification schedules which reflected the DK of the LC Classification' System, was referred to troops to be civilized Western liberators, and so
political situation in Eastern Europe before 1914. me for reply as I have overall responsibility for the proclaimed independence in 1941, they all too quickly
cataloguing processes at the Library of Congress. „. realized that their German invaders were just as
"For many years the Library of Congress continued "These proposals were referred to the Subject tyrannical and brutal as the Russians. The Organiza
to refuse to make the necessary changes. Only after Cataloguing Division, the division that is charged with tion of Ukrainian Nationalists and the Ukrainian
pressure was exerted by the Slavic and East European the responsibility for developing and maintaining the Insurgent Army began a two-front war against both
Section of the Association of College and Research LC Classification System. In reviewing the first the Nazis and the Russians. In fact, it was the
Libraries, as well as the American Association for the proposal the division did agree that a few simple Ukrainian army that assassinated Victor Lutze,achief
Advancement of Slavic Studies did the Library of rearrangements in Subclass DK were possible along the of the Nazi SS forces and one of Himmler's most
Congress finally make some of the suggested changes. lines that you suggested.... With the exception of the trusted aides in 1943.
However, it still regards the non-Russian republics of localities of the Russian SFSR, all of the localities "Hence Ukraine should not be considered an ally of
the Soviet Union as provinces of Russia and classifies currently provided for under DK511 or DK651 would the Germans, but rather a country which faced the
their regions and cities as Russian ones. By doing be shifted to their corresponding numbers under the impossible task of struggling against two hostile forces
so, the Library of Congress not only misinforms our individual republics. The localities of the Russian simultaneously. The fight against Berlin has ended;
public, but also supports the Russians and discourages SFSR, however, would remain where they are, and the the one with Moscow has been - and will be —
the enslaved peoples in their struggle for freedom. span DK511-651, would be used henceforth solely for continued." - Katberine C. Chumachenko, director,
"Since in the past the Library of Congress refused to localities of this republic. „. Ukrainian National Information Service, Washing
make the necessary changes supposedly for economic "In regard to the second proposal we wish to state ton, in a letter to Jack Anderson, Washington.
No. 40 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY. OCTOBER 3.1982 11
Ukrainian street names abound throughout U.S.
by Stephen P. Holutiak-Hailick Jr. 11. Geba Road, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa 1966 -
Scattered throughout the United States are 12. Ginda Avenue, Carteret, N.J. (mid 1950s -
numerous areas which bear Ukrainian names. Taken present).
as a whole the collection of cities, villages, post offices, 13. Halko Drive, Township of Hanover, Morris
parks, bridges, vacation resorts and streets totals, to County, N.J. (early 1960s - present).
date, approximately 150. 14. Ivanitsky Terrace, Carteret, N.J. (mid 1950s -
In recent articles the two most common Ukrainian present).
placenames in the United States - Mazeppa and 15. Hollowaty-Kozak Road, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa
Odessa — were presented. The purpose of this 1966 - present).
discussion is to catalogue the streets which bear or 16. Hunczek Boulevard, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa
bore Ukrainian names and influences. 1966 - present).
The majority of Ukrainian immigrants settled in the 17. General Samuel Jaskilka Highway, Shelton,
industrial center of the United States. However, the Conn. (1980 - present).
trappings of city life or mining-steel town did not stop 18. Kindrachuk Road No. 1, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa
them from leaving an imprint of their culture. Tothisend, 1966 - present).
one could say that these circumstances served to 19. Kindrachuk Road No. 2, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa
strengthen their will to ensure that others knew who 1966 - present).
Ukrainians were. The American way of life has 20. Kuzyk Road, Creamridge, N.J. (circa 1952 -
affected all ethnic communities; some for the better, present).
others for worse. Yet, as the old neighborhoods 21. Lepky Avenue, Creamridge, N.J. (circa 1952 -
disappear, certain landmarks, such as streets, remain present).
to remind one, if so inclined, of the past — if only in a 22. Maliniak Street, Monessen, Pa. (1925-present).
name! 23. Markowitz Street, Carteret, N.J. (mid 1950s -
An analysis of the street names in our collection present).
reveals certain generalizations. First, some names are 24. Mazeppa Road, Mazeppa, N.C. (? - present).
transplanted geographic features which remind people 25. Minue Street, Carteret, N.J. (1954 - present).
of their Ukrainian homeland. Other names are in 26. Niader Court, Clifton, N.J. (1974 - present).
honor of prominent historic and literary figures .of 27. Odessa A v e n u e , Van N u y s , Calif. (1923 -
Ukraine. Interestingly, a number of streets are named present).
in honor of Ukrainian immigrants or their American- 28. Odessa Drive, Yorba Linda, Calif. (1968 -
born offspring who made lasting contributions or present).
sacrifices to the United States. Such cases are reserved 29. Odessa Place, Pittsburgh (East Liberty), Pa.
mostly for U.S. servicemen killed in action or for (pre-1913 - present).
prominent citizens. Lastly, there are streets which bear 30. Pitio Road, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa 1966-
organization or family names of early settlers and or present).
land developers. 31. Rohatyn Street, South Plainfield (Nova
How each street name came about is not our Ukraine), N.J. (1927 - present).
purpose, although information is available.1 Here, our 32. St. John's Parkway, Johnson City, N.Y. (1953 -
purpose is only to form a registry. present).
33. St. Josaphet Drive, Warren, Mich. (1973 -
Existing streets (Continued oo pare 12)
1. Stephen T. Holutiak-Hailick Jr., "Slavic Toponymic . Holutiak-Hailick Jr.
1. Andrew Drive, Sterling Heights, Mich, (mid
Atlas of the United States, Volume I: Ukrainian''(New York:
1950 - present).
Slavic Onomastic Research Group, 1982), 145 pp. Carpathb Street in South Plainfield, N J .
2. Bandera Drive, Ann Arbor, Mich. (1964 -
3. Baran Drive , Glen Spey, N.Y. (early 1960s - U.S INITIATIVES TO CHANGE AN EXISTING N A M E
present). TO ONE BEARING A UKRAINIAN N A M E
4. Bohdan Place, South Plainfield (Nova Ukraine),
N.J. (1927 - present).
5. C a p p Street, Carteret, N.J. (mid 1950s - Year Location From To Results
6. Carpethia Street, South Plainfield (Nova 1. 1958 - Panne, Ohio Marioncliff Drive Shevchenko Boulevard not attained
Ukraine), N.J. (1927 - present).
7. Dibrova Drive, Brighton, Mich. (1955 - present). 2. Kiev or Lviv Street not attained
1958 Parma, Ohio 33rd Street
8. Fanok Road, Township of Hanover, Morris
County, N.J. (early 1930s - present).
3. 1961 Passaic, N.J. Hope Avenue Shevchenko Avenue Obtained
9. Franko Avenue, South Plainfield (Nova
or Taras Shevchenko
Ukraine), N.J. (1927 - present).
President Street Park in 1964
10. Ivan Franko Road, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa 1979-
4. 1968 Carnegie, Pa. Mansfield Boulevard Kiev Boulevard not attained
5. 1968 Philadelphia, Pa. Street in Logan Shevchenko Avenue Obtained
or Oak Lane area Taras Shevchenko
Park in 1969
6. 1979/81 Uniondale, N.Y. Newport Road Shevchenko Avenue Local opposition
7. 1981 Honolulu, Hawaii (new street) Liasiansky Avenue In organizational
8. 1982 Syracuse, N.Y. (new street) Shevchenko Avenue Resolution
approved by City
9. 1982 Johnson City, N.Y Ukrainian Place Letter sent
to City officials
Ukraine Road in Hanover Township, N J .
12 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3 , 1 9 8 2 No. 40
recommended action against it. The non-Russians In your statement you wrote that "most educated
Comment on statement... who constitute about one-half of the entire Americans fail to distinguish the subtle difference
(Continued frowjpejeJ) population of the Soviet Union simply do not wish between 'Russians'and 'Soviet people'and use the
committed a great mistake when you transferred all to be called "Russians," and there is nothing wrong two terms interchangeably." I agree with you that
date subdivisions formerly included under Russia in it. such a sad situation exists. Many Americans, well
to the heading "Soviet Union." Russia did not In your statement you have mentioned the educated in their fields, quite often are ignorant in
disappear when the Soviet Union was created". You library rule of three. However,'you have wrongly the field of foreign affairs. I am sorry to say that the
should not be misled by the fact that the Russians applied it in the case involved. The term "Russian" LC has contributed much to this ignorance by its
have ruled the Soviet Union and have kept the non- in no way can be regarded as the next broader outdated classification and wrong subject headings.
Russian peoples in captivity. heading for "Russian," "Estonian," "Latvian," and I hope that you, Ms. Pietris, willfindmy criticism
all other "non-Russian" elements in the Soviet objective and constructive. Since 1960, when I sent
Your complaint that The Ukrainian Weekly of Union. The next broader heading is "Soviet." The my first suggestions to the LC, my only wish has
May 23, 1982, "has misunderstood and misrepre book titled "Soviet Cooking Today" should receive been to improve LC cataloguing and classification.
sented the position of the Library of Congress" is the subject "Cookery, Soviet" and not "Cookery, Looking at my long correspondence with the LCas
not justified. You yourself wrote in the statement: Russian." well as my publications, one may see now whether I
"When we adopted the term 'Soviet Union'in 1981 was right or wrong. Many changes have already
we decide to retain the language and nationality If a book is titled "Soviet Literature Today" it been made by the LC although the unnecessary
adjective 'Russian' and to continue our 60-year-old should not be classified as Russian literature. We delays have been costly. Much still has to be done
practice of using 'Russian'as the general adjective might have the subject heading "Jews, Russian," if and I perceive it as my duty to serve our de facto
for citizens of the Soviet Union instead of intro we deal with Jews in Russia. However, if Jews are national library with my experience. — Andrew
ducing the adjective 'Soviet.' " The Ukrainian related to several republics, or to the Soviet Union Turchyn, professor and librarian emeritus, Indiana
Weekly did not change your statement. It only in general, the subject heading "Jews, Soviet" University Library, Bloomington, Ind., in a letter to
informed its readers about the LC decision and should be used. Mary K.D. Pietris.
Ukrainian street.. 50. Stefanyk Road, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa 1966 -
(CoBtinowlfrompettn) 51. Stanley Switlik Drive, Hamilton Township, N.J.
34. St. Michael's Street, South Plainfield (Nova (1980 - present).
Ukraine), N.J. (1927 - present). 52. Sunflower Drive, Glen Spey, N.Y. (circa 1966-
35. St. Olga's Place, S o u t h Plainfield ( N o v a present).
Ukraine), N.J. (1927 - present). 53. Teliska Avenue, Defreetsville, N.Y. (1949 -
36. St. Vladimir Street, Los Angeles C o u n t y , present).
California (? - present). 54. Ukraine Road, Township of Hanover, Morris
37. Sarniak Street, Monessen, Pa. (1925 -present). County, N.J. (1961 - present).
38. Sheptytzky Avenue, Creamridge, N.J. (circa 55. Ukraine Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1967 - present).
1952 - present). 56. Ukrainian Street, M o n e s s e n , Pa. (1925 -
39. Shevchenko Drive, Ann Arbor, Mich. (1964 - present).
present). 57. Wortylko Street, Carteret, N.J. (mid 1950s -
40. Shevchenko Avenue, Auburn, N.Y. (1957 - present).
41. Shevchenko Avenue, Creamridge, N.J. (circa Private streets t h a t " w e r e "
1952 - present).
42. Taras Shevchenko Road, Glen Spey, N.Y. (1965 1. Burztyn Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1964-81).
- present). 2. Demianow Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1964-81). SS.P. Holutiak-HallickJr.
43. Shevchenko Place, New York, N.Y. (1978 - 3. Galicia Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1964-81). Shevchenko Place in Spring Valley, N.Y.
present). 4. Kiev Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1964-81).
44. Shevchenko Avenue, Piscataway Township and 5. Kuropatnik Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1964-81). 4. Halich Street, South Plainfield (Nova Ukraina),
S o u t h Plainfield ( N o v a U k r a i n e ) , N.J. ( 1 9 2 7 - 6. Lviv Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1964-81). N.J. (1927-34).
present). 7. Shevchenko Drive, Columbus, Ga. (1964-81). 6. Leo Place, Piscataway Township (Nova U-
45. Shevchenko Drive, Amherst, N.Y. (circa 1968- kraina), N.J. (1927-35).
present). "Paper streets": undeveloped by planners 7. Lessenko Place, Piscataway Township (Nova
46. Shevchenko Place, Spring Valley, N.Y. (circa Ukraina), N.J. (1927-35).
1963 - present). 1. Dnieper Street, South Plainfield (Nova Ukraina), 8. Prut P l a c e , Piscataway T o w n s h i p ( N o v a
47. Skitka Avenue, Carteret, N.J. (1952 - present). N.J. (1927-34). Ukraina), N.J. (1927-35).
48. Skurkay A v e n u e , M o n e s s e n , Pa. (1925 - 1 Dniester Street, South Plainfield (Nova U- 9. Simon Street, South Plainfield (Nova Ukraina),
present). kraina), N.J. (1927-34). N.J. (1927-34).
49. Spoganetz Avenue, Carteret, N.J. (early 1950s - 3. Eugene Place, Piscataway Township (Nova 10. Ukraine Street, Desert H o t Springs, Calif.
present). Ukraina), N.J. (1927-35). (1950s - present).
THE MOTHERS' CLUB OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST
UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC SCHOOL Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania
is sponsoring its DISTRICT COMMITTEE OF UNA BRANCHES
ANNUAL AUTUMN DANCE fc PRIZES OF PITTSBURGH AND WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA
ANNOUNCES THAT ITS
on Saturday, October 16,1982 at 8:00 p.m.
in the School Gym at 764 Sanford Avenuo. Newark, N.J. 07106
Orchestra: Chervona Kalyna ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING
m Admission: Adults - S10.00. Students - S5.00. WILL BE HELD
в For table reservations call Mrs. 0 . Ponos at ( 2 0 1 ) 5334)656
ш All reservation of a full table (10 persons) are eligible for a discount of SI.00 per person. Sunday, October 10,1982, at 2 p.m. - sharp
ALL PROCEEDS ARE DESIGNATED FOR THE SCHOOL at the 600 Glenwood Avenue, Ambridge, Pa.
All members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates. Branch Officers
of the following Branches are requested to attend without fail:
24, 41, 53, 56, 63, 91, 96,109,113,120,126, 132, 161, 264,
IN THE FOOTSTEPS 276, 296. 338, 481
OF THE PIONEERS 1. Opening Remarks.
IN UKRAINIAN 2. Review of the organizational work of the District during the past 9 months.
A SAGA OP UKRAINIAN AMERICA 3. Discussion of Fall Organizational Campaifn.
4. Adoption of membership campaign plan for balance of 1982.
By Ulas Samchuk 5. General UNA topics.
6. Questions and answers, adjournment
A 268-page hardcover novel about the Ukrainian settlement in the United States, spanning some
100 years ol history. Cover design by BOHDAN TYTLA. Meeting will be attended by:
Price: SI5.00 (including postage and handling) D r . J o h n O . F l i s , Supreme President
"In the Footsteps of the Pioneers" is now available at the Svotoda Bookstore. Please send A n d r e w J u l a , Supreme Advisor
a check or cash for t ach order (New Jersey residents add 54 tax) DISTRICT COMMITTEE:
Andrew Jula Dmytro Holowaty Eustachy Prokopowycz
5 3 0 Montgomery Street Resident Secretary Treasurer
No. 40 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3 . 1 9 8 2 13
20,000 attend Rhode Island Heritage Festival
PROVIDENCE, R,I. - More than
20,000 people attended the fifth annual
Heritage Festival held on Sunday,
September 19,reportedthe Providence
The festival, which included Ukrai
nian cultural booths, Ukrainian food
and a dance presentation, was sponsored
by the Rhode Island Heritage Commission
and was held on the front lawn and mall
of the State House.
The Ukrainian subcommittee of the
Rhode Island Heritage Commission is
headed by Dimitri Sarachmon and
includesrepresentativesfrom all church
and various other Ukrainian organiza
tions in Rhode Island.
They all contributed to the beautiful
displays of Ukrainian folk art and food
booths. Many helped sell the various
Ukrainian arts and crafts to curious
Also included at this year's festival The Ukrainian American Youth Association Dancers perform for festival-goers.
was an exhibit of photos of prominent
Ukrainians. Polish, Native American Indian, British,
However, the highlight of the day was
the Ukrainian entertainment supplied
Latin American, Brazilian, Cape Ver-
dean, Italian, Indo-Chinese, Arab,
To err is human
by the Ukrainian American Youth Portuguese, French, Irish, German, In The Weekly's story on the Labor
Association Dancers under the direc Lithuanian, Armenian, Greek, Chinese, Day weekend swim meet at Soyuzivka,
tion of John Baryski. The dance group's Filipino and black peoples. The 11 a.m. the name of the winner of the girls' (age
performance was filmed by a cable TV opening ceremony featured the Rhode 8-Ю) 25-meter freestyle, 25-meter butter
station. Island Colonial Militia; entertainment fly and 4x2S-meter freestyle was in Little John A. Hicks, ton of Charles and
by the various ethnic groups was fea correctly given, in accordance with Virginia Woznik Hicks, is the newest
Labeled "an international experience," member of UNA Branch 292 in Detroit,
the festival also featured the foods, arts tured throughout the day, on the mall information received from the swim
before the State House on Smith Hill. meet committee, as Talia. Buzan. The His mother is the daughter of John and
and crafts and entertainment of the Wilma Woznik. His great-grandfather
winner's name is Puala Buzan.
is Walter Woznik.
Plans under way. New Jersey...
5 3) (Continued from page 4) JONAGROUP INSURANCE
spoke on the Canadian association of held under the auspices of the Office of
(NO SCARE TACTICS)
professionals and businessmen; Adrian Ethnic Affairs.
Karatnycky, who addressed recent On September 1, Gov. Kean issued a
developments in Poland; and Roman proclamation noting the ethnic diver CALL
Kupchinsky who reviewed U.S. foreign sity of New Jersey and declaring that the
policy . - - ,v .. .. Office of Ethnic Affairs and the Ethnic 586-87DQfecL476
Duesjiave been set at S50 per mem Advisory Council would sponsor the The American Cancer
ber, or SI00 for members/benefactors; festival. It also proclaimed the week of Society
S500 for members/patrons. September 6-12 as Ethnic Heritage
New York City Division
The steering committee consists of: Week in the state.
19 West 56th Street
Bohdan Wytwycky (chairman), Dr. New York, N.Y. 10019
Yuriy Trytjak, Yuri Wedmid, Victor Among those at the signing ceremony
Hatala, Bohdan Hajduczok and Roma were Ms. Burgio, Alvin S. Felzenberg, American
Hadzewycz. assistant secretary of state; Messrs.
For further information, interested Pappas and Zochowski, and Juhan Cancer Society
persons may contact Natalka Pawlenko Simonson, coordinator of the Liberty
during business hours at (212) 564-4334. Park Festival.
Share The Weekly with a friend "You bet. The Ukrainian National
Association offers your family more
RETIREMENT FUTURE than life insurance. The UNA's seven
IN S.W. FLORIDA! classes of life insurance for juvenile
The growing communities near St. members are designed to answer the
Buffalo, N.Y. Buffalo, N.YA Andrew's Ukrainian Religious and educational and financial needs of your
Cultural Center. children.
UNA DISTRICT COMMITTEE For Personalized Service, c o n t a c t "As a UNA member, your child will
ANNOUNCES THAT become eligible for scholarship oppor
tunities, camping programs and various
ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING other youth activities coordinated by
UNA'ers who are genuinely interested in
WILL BE HELD
"The UNA believes in Ukrainian youth.
Sunday, October 1 7 , 1 9 8 2 , at 3:00 p.m. Our investment of time, energy and capi
tal prove it."
at the Ukrainian American Civic Center, Inc.
2 0 5 Military Road. Buffalo, N.Y.
і Inquire about UNA financial and fra
ternal benefits today.
All members of the District Committee, Convention Delegates and Branch Officers
tad Delegates of the following Brandies are requested to attend: NICKS ELOiSE POPOViCH
40, 8 7 , 1 2 7 , 1 4 9 , 2 9 9 , 3 0 4 , 360 and 363 Realtor-Associate/Broker-Salesman
Hotline phone: 1-813-629-3179 Address:
RANOOi REALTY, INC., REALTOR Tel.:
1. Opening Remarks.
3 2 2 1 Tamiami Trail
2. Review of the organizational work of the District during the vast 9 months. Port Charlotte. Fla. 33952 Number of children:
3. Discussion of Fall Organizational Campaign. 625-4193
4. General UNA topics. Dates of birth:
5. Adoption of membership campaign plan for balance of 1982; ( 7 7 . 9 0 0 and NEGOTIABLE
6. Questions and answers, adjournment Send to:
jI Custom built master suite 12 x 20 with two
Meeting will be attended by "his" and "hers" walk-in closets; private UKRAINIAN NATIONAL
bath, spacious lanai overlooking a very ASSOCIATION
W a s y l O r i c h O W S k y j , Senior Field Organizer private, choice, waterfront location. Call day 30 Montgomery Street, 3rd Fl.
All Members and Non-Members and their Families are Welcome. or night - H813) 629-3179. RA Я 3956
Jersey City, N J . 07302
Roman Konotopskyj Peter Harawus Joseph Hawrykik Building Sites - 80 x 125 on paved streets, Tel.: (201) 451-2200
President Treasurer - Secretary ! S2.300 and up; some with terms. PL-2 (212) 227-5250
14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3,1982 No. 40
typified by the Army daily's (Narodna prison sentences are imposed for terms Charter TJ also issued a number of
The Madrid... Armiya) characterization of martial law ranging from one to five years or more other documents on subjects of extreme
(СоаНюи і tnm p p 7) as "the last resolute measure aimed at for crimes such as subversion, incite sensitivity to the authorities, including a
200 others "conditional leave,"a kind of stopping the process of destabilization." ment and parasitism. Although the lengthy document on the state of the
probation. However, neither Lech However, at the Ninth Bulgarian Trade number of trials and arrests in the last Charter 77 movement in its fifth year; a
Walesa nor the top leadership and Union Congress in April, the Bulgarian six months has not been as great as statement and study discussing the
advisers of Solidarity were among those leadership called for greater "socialist during the previous "reporting period, recent price increases and calling for
released. The Ministry of Interior democracy" in the trade-union move the'practice of isolated individual trials reform of the trade unions; and an open
cautioned that those released could be ment and criticized the unions for not of human-rights activists continues. letter to the writers' congress. The
reinterned if they did not take up "a being sufficiently sensitive to the needs As previously reported, in May 1981 statement on price increases and trade-
normal life." of the workers. at least 30 persons were arrested in a union reform was a particularly com
The practice of summary internment crackdown against Charter 77, VONS pelling document which concluded that
did not end. Slightly more than 2,000 CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Czechoslo and the underground Literature and correcting the unfavorable state of the
union and human-rights activists re vak implementation of the final act Information Network. Eighteen per Czechoslovak economyrequireddemo
mained confined in 25 detention centers remains fundamentally flawed, parti sons faced up to 10 years in prison on cratization of the economy and of
and prisons around the country on May cularly on Principle VII, human-rights charges of subversive ties with foreign society. It urged the authorities not to
I. Not affected by the release were those issues. Continuing Czechoslovak ner countries. By late October, seven of the regard "criticism of existing negative
serving prison sentences ranging from vousness, uncertainty and heightened persons arrested in May remained aspects as subversion" and charac
two to 10 years for political offenses sensitivity bver events in Poland have confined although no trial had taken terized reformed trade unions as "the
after the imposition of martial law. caused a government normally suspi place. On March 22, journalist Karel natural basis for defending the econo
The relaxation measures were merely cious of dissent and reform to become Kyncl, sociologist Jirina Siklova, Eva mic interests of citizens." In addition,
modest and partial actions which did even more intolerant. Kanturkova and Jan Ruml were re there have been many VONS bulletins
not seriously affect the major issues of There are two primary groups within leased from prison but the charges were which comment on and detail the arrest
releasing the still-interned Solidarity Czechoslovakia that concern them not dropped. Three others, Jiri Ruml, and detentions of various Czechoslovak
leadership and other political prisoners selves with humanrights.One is Charter Dr. Jan Mlynarek and Dr. Milan human-rights activists. In response,
and returning to a national dialogue. 77; the other is the Committee for the Simecka, were not released until May Czechoslovak authorities temporarily
Also, military discipline remained in Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted 29. In a related development, for the detained and warned two of the three
major factories and coal mines. At the (VONS). Charter 77 is a movement of first time in recent memory Czechoslo Charter 77 spokesmen plus their families
same time, the military authorities intellectuals, workers and students vak President Husak pardoned a politi not to publish material on sensitive
warned that they would deal harshly which has been seeking to persuade the cal prisoner. Drahomira Sinoglova was topics. In addition, Ladislav Hejdanek
with "agitators" and stood ready to Czechoslovak government to abide by serving a one-year sentence for "incite and his family were detained and told to
"reimpose the rigors of martial law its own laws and international commit ment to rebellion" for publishing al disband the Jan Patochka seminars
should excesses and social unrest" ments regarding human and civil rights. legedly illegal material by contempo which frequently feature foreign guests
develop. The nature of this threat Charter 77 has issued several studies on rary Czechoslovak writers. The case of lecturers.
became evident a few days later when topics such as the standard of living, the Mrs. Sinoglova, a mother of three It should be noted that although
the authorities employed ZOMO and plight of pensioners, and the right to expecting her fourth child, aroused Czechoslovakia is a signatory to the
regular police forces ruthlessly through travel abroad. VONS concentrates on considerable world sympathy during CSCE Final Act, the Czechoslovak
out the country against those who abuses of the judicial system and uses her imprisonment. government has reacted strongly to
protested, at first peacefully, against public records and reports from friends Pressure also has continued on reli expressions of concern about human-
martial law in connection with activities and relatives of the accused to issue gious activists, another focus of human- rights violations in Czechoslovakia by
commemorating the Polish Constitu communiques on cases where it believes rights activity. Church-staterelationsin other governments or non-governmen
tion on МаУ 3, 1791. By May 4, the the police, the courts or the prisons Czechoslovakia are widely thought to tal institutions. Czechoslovakia con
rigors of martial law had returned. For have abused citizens' civil or human be the worst of all the East European tinues to place a heavy emphasis on the
example, the curfew was reimposed in rights. These communiques are distri countries. There are indications that the final act's principle of non-intervention.
Warsaw and elsewhere, telephone com buted to Czechoslovak authorities. authorities, ever fearful of events in It asserts that it is in full compliance with
munications disrupted, some public the final act andregardsoutside investi
gatherings prohibited, and use of pri As a result of their activities, mem Poland, want to prevent the Catholic gation or comment as interference in its
vate vehicles banned. The authorities bers of both these groups have suffered. Church from developing any similar internal affairs. Since recent events in
announced on May 10 that 2,269 per considerable persecution, including loss capability to influence events in Cze Poland, however, the Czechoslovak
sons had been arrested for martial law of jobs, detention, loss of educational choslovakia. government has been in the forefront of
Freedom of religious belief and
violations since May 1 and admitted that opportunities for their children, impri freedom to practice religion theoreti those who have accused the United
over 1.300 of these had received sen sonment and harassment such as sus States and certain West European states
tences of up to three months in jail. pension of driving licenses and sur cally are guaranteed in the Czechoslo of violating this principle with regard to
Another 211 persons were interned. veillance. More significantly, the go vak Constitution. Nonetheless, the the actions taken in response to the
Thus, after months of martial law, the vernment has attempted to suppress authorities rigorously regulate religious imposition of martial law in Poland.
widespread violation of internationally dissident activity by periodically arrest activity. Those who stray beyond the
recognized human rights in Poland ing, trying and sentencing leading narrowly defined permissible bounda
continued. The situation in Poland members of the movement to prison ries are subject to punishment. For With regard to Poland, the Czecho
remained tense and uneasy as the terms on changes of anti-state activities. example, Jesuit Frantisek Lizna, who slovak government refuses to acknow
authorities were unable to resolve the Many people active in Charter 77 have previously received a sentence of 20 ledge the existence of any major CSCE
country's political, economic and emigrated in the face of harassment by months in October on charges of ille violations in that country and has been
social problems. the authorities, and some have been gally publishing and distributing reli an enthusiastic supporter of the esta
stripped of their citizenship. The police gious material, subsequently was given blishment of martial law and the conse
BULGARIA: Bulgarian implemen frequently detain human-rights activists an additional seven months in March quent "normalization" process there. In
tation of the final act deteriorated for 48 hours before releasing them with for allegedly providing two visiting February the party daily Rude Pravo
somewhat during the reporting period, warnings. Harassment of individuals German priests "information about accused the Catholic Church in Poland
remaining spotty at best. The Bulgarian detained in such circumstances also churches" in Czechoslovakia. More of exerting considerable influence on
government administers a system in often includes attempts to persuade recently, in Slovakia, Father Gabriel Solidarity's transformation into "a
which the exercise of civil and political them to emigrate. Indeed, during the Povala was sentenced to eight months counterrevolutionary social move
rights is severely restricted. The deve reporting period, dissident musician for allegedly trying to influence young ment."
lopment of organized and vocal dissent and Charter 77 signatory Karel Soukup people toward religious vocations. In commentary related to Poland, the
is firmly discouraged. and his family emigrated in March Father Jaroslav Duba, a Dominican, Charter 77 movement has circulated
received IS months' imprisonment in
There are indications that the Bul under threats of trial on "breach of Plzen in December 1981 for allegedly material which has urged the Czecho
garian leadership is concerned over the peace" charges dating from 1976. Souk obstructing state supervision of reli slovak government to address major
possible impact of labor unrest in up previously served 10 months in gion, and Father Josef Barta was political and social problems in Cze
Poland. Official Bulgarian reaction to 'prison for "hooliganism"(singing sentenced in Liberec to 18 months in choslovakia which the Charter move
the imposition of martial law in Poland "unauthorized" songs). ment believes are analogous to those
was overwhelmingly supportive as Occasionally, trials are held and prison on the same charge on April 6. which led to the present situation in
Despite harassment, Charter 77 Poland. Charter 77 also issued a com
spokesmen and others continue to mentary on events in Poland and a
Looking for a second income? monitor and comment on the govern statement on a day of solidarity with
ment's failure to implement the Final Poland. The authorities have refused to
Become Act. For example, on March 3, new
Charter 77 leaders Dr. Radim Palous,
acknowledge or to respond to these
allegations and in fact took certain
AN ORGANIZER Anna Marvanova and Ladislav Lis
addressed an appeal on religious free
measures immediately following the
declaration of martial law in Poland
for Ukrainian National Association dom to the Czechoslovak government.
The document called on the authorities
whose clear intent was to prevent any
dissident commentary on those events.
FULL or PART TIME to adopt an II-point program on A number of leading Charter 77 and
You could start this career by organizing your family and friends. freedom of religion in accord with the VONS figures, including Vaclav Maly,
provisions of the CSCE Final Act on Jiri Hajek and Ladislav Lis, were
- For information write to:
this subject. This is unlikely since the detained or warned to remain silent
UKRAINIAN, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION about events in Poland. In addition, a
authorities remain suspicious of the role
30 Montgomery Street a Jersey City, N.J. 0 7 3 0 2 played by the Church in Poland and number of young people were detained
Men: Organizing Uepi. have been engaged in a major effort to in January for distributing leaflets
Or telephone: (201) 451-2200 (Collect) or (212) 227-5250 suppress the distribution of religious urging Czechoslovak solidarity with the
samizdat. Polish workers. - -' b-owurtm
No. 40 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 3,1982 15
ings of Ivan Franko. Prof. Paul
Essays on Austrian... Magosci's contribution on the language Twenty-three participate in
(Continuedfrompafe 5) question in eastern Galicia deals with
work is particularly useful to those who
mistakenly view Ukrainian-Jewish
what evolved into one of the central
issues facing the Ukrainian movement
Choral Conductors Seminar
relations as an unbroken history of right up to World War I, and his second
contribution, 4 historiographical guide by Nadia H. Skop Catholic Church choirs of Edmonton,
Ukrainian anti-Semitism confronting
to the history of Ukrainians in Galicia, made up the choir which sang for four
Jewish Ukrainophobia. EDMONTON -Twenty-threechoir
will long be invaluable both to scholars hours daily in preparation for the final
To be sure, both anti-Semitism and
Ukrainophobia existed (one is hard put in the field and to anyone else who conductors from all parts of Canada concert in which each participant was
to name any country, including the might want to read up on some aspect of and the United States gathered once required to conduct a selected song
Ukrainian history. again at St. John's Institute here in from the repertoire.
United States, which has no history of Alberta from August 14 to 27 to partici
anti-Semitism), but this is hardly the pate in the seventh annual Ukrainian In observance of the 100th anniver
whole story. As Dr. Everett, a former The publication of such an outstand Choral Conductors Seminar, organized sary of his birth, special re
Research Associate of both the YIVO ing collection is a major event in by the Ukrainian Music Society of cognition was given to Kyrylo
Institute for Jewish Studies and the Ukrainian studies and an indispensible Alberta. Stetsenko, a leading figure in Ukrainian
Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, addition to the library of anyone Though the topics change from year musical history, whose nationalism,
points out, it was a Ukrainian, Iuliian seriously interested in Ukrainian his to year, the purpose of the seminar is to humanitarianism and optimism are
Romanchuk, who was the first to tory. Those who wish to order a copy gain knowledge about, practice in, and reflected in his works, two of which
advocate Jewish national autonomy in may do so by sending S9.50 to: Harvard appreciation for choral conducting and were part of this year's repertoire.
the Austrian Reichsrat, University, Ukrainian Studies Fund, Ukrainian musical culture in general.
She further notes that his courageous 1383 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, This seminar was by no means a two-
action was followed by Ukrainian Mass. 02138. The faculty, headed by Volodymyr week summer holiday. The schedule
speakers addressing Jewish political Kolesnyk of Toronto, was comprised of was intense,rigorousand often frustrat
meetings, Jews addressing Ukrainian Zenoby Lawryshyn, composer, con ing as the participants tried to absorb
meetings, Jewish-Ukrainian electoral Yuriy Badzio... ductor and musicologist from Toronto, the incredible wealth of information
cooperation, and cases where Ukrainian Maria Dytyniak, conductor of the being offered. Classes were held from 9
(Continuedfrompap 2) a.m. to 10 p.m. daily with breaks only
academics and intellectuals assisted Dnipro Choir of Edmonton and a
Jews in defending themselves from 2 of the Soviet Constitution states that principal organizer of the seminar for for meals (or more appropriately,
Polish-inspired violence at the elections. power in the USSR rests with the the past four years, and a new member, bountiful feasts, prepared by St. John's
This is a picture quite different from the people, and since all his writings support Irene Tchoryk, a young conductor from kitchen staff).
one-sided stereotypes so often en Article 2 and the supposition that Edmonton. Students were quick to learn that any
countered in the American media. Soviet power lies with the people, then This year's main topic was intona outside preparation, practicing or
While the attempt was made to incor he cannot be guilty of anti-Soviet tion: how to arrive at the best sound, recreation would have to be done in the
porate all three of the major national agitprop. timbre and color in a choir. Included late hours of the night. The words "free
groups which inhabited Galicia, the Mr. Badzio concluded his statement also were courses in church music, time" are not in Mr. Kolesnyk's color
bulk of the material deals with Ukrai by declaring a hunger strike to mark the music theory, music appreciation, ful vocabulary and his untiring energy,
nians. Prof. Peter Brock's study of Ivan second anniversary of his arrest, and to principles in conducting skills, and drive and love for Ukrainian musical
Vahylevych helps explain the early protest the chauvinism of the CPSU. private lessons with Mr. Kolesnyk. The culture inspired the participants to keep
fragmentation of the Ukrainian move 23 participants, in addition to members going, even when mental and physical
Ms; Kyrychenko has suffered be of the Dnipro and St. Basil's Ukrainian
ment into Russophile and Polonophile exhaustion finally caught up with them.
cause of her husband's activities and her
orientations in addition to mainstream efforts in his defense. She was expelled
Ukrainian patriotism. Prof. John-Paul from the Academy of Science of the
Himka's lively written essay on Ukrai-. Ukrainian SSR in 1972.
nian voluntary artisan associations
attempts to explain the fundamental In December 1980 she was ordered to
A Ukrainian perspective
problem of the Ukrainian movement's
failure to develop a strong urban base.
serve a term of three months' forced
labor as the result of an administrative on the news...
Prof. Martha Bohachevsky-Cho- sanction leveled against her during her
miak's work on Natalia Kobrynska husband's trial a year before..
deals with the fascinating and long- The Badzios have two children, a 19-
neglected subject of Ukrainian femi year-old son and a 12-year-old daughter.
nism. Leonid Rudnytzky traces the Mr. Badzio is not scheduled to be
changing image of Austria in the writ released until 1991.
203 Second Avenue
New York, N.Y. 10003
October 8 - December 18, 1 9 8 2
Ukrainian embroidery courses offered on three levels and geared to meet the needs of the beginner,
intermediate and advanced embroiderer. dissident news'commentary"politics'editonals"interviews"people'reviews
TIME: Saturdays from 1:00 - 2:30 p.m. community news'culture'the arts'church affairs"education"upcoming events
PLACE: 108 Second Avenue New York City special features
FEE: Adults - S30.00. Members - S25.00. THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
Students and Senior Citizens - S20.00. Children - Free.
Advanced registration required - (212) 228-0110
We cover it all.
FUNDED BY NEW YORK STATE COUNCIL ON THE ARTS. Can you afford not to subscribe?
I would like to subscribe to The Ukrainian Weekly for: year(s). (Subscription rates:
S5 per year for UNA members, S8 for non-members.)
UKRAINIAN MUSEUM Name:- . UNA branch:
203 Second Avenue Address:
New York, N.Y. 10003 City: . State: . Zip code:
WOODCARVING WORKSHOP In addition, I would like to give a friend a Weekly subscription for year(s).
October 8 - December 18,1982 Name^ . UNA branch:
- " Participants will learn techniques and styles used in Ukrainian Folk Art. Address:
P This course is open to adults and students age twelve and above. City: .State: . Zip code:.
ш All materials for workshops are covered by registration fee. I enclose a check for | .
Adult І40.00 Members: 535.00
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THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY
Time: 2:30 - 5:30 p.m.
Advance registration required - (212) 228-0110 30 Montgomery Street " Jersey City. N.J. 0 7 3 0 2
FUNDED BY NEW YORK STATE COUNCIL ON THE ARTS.
16 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOJP 3,1982
Monday, October 4 ball will start at 9 p.m. with music
HEMPSTEAD, N.Y.: The Sko-
PREVIEW OF EVENTS provided by H. Zarycky's Halychany
orchestra. Tickets are S25 per couple,
from 9-10 p.m. 'Veselka ' orchestra tion today, at 2:30 p.m. on the south
morokhy Dancers will begin registra will provide music for dancing. SI5 per person. For more informa
tion for instruction in Ukrainian stage. The festival, held at World tion, call the league at (313) 894-
Admission is S7. War II Memorial Park, features a
dancing today. Registration for new 9334.
students from age 5 through 13 variety of foods, crafts and enter-.
will take place at 7 p.m. in St. Saturday, October 9 tainment. There is no admission charge Sunday, October 24
Vladimir's Parish Center, 226 Union- to the three-day festival, and the
dale Ave. Registration for the older HARTFORD, Conn.: The theatrical public is invited. ELMIRA HEIGHTS, N.Y.: The
age group (age 14 and up) will be held ensemble "Tiazhko na Emihratsiyi," young adults of St. Nicholas parish
at 8 p.m. under the auspices of the M. Pav- BRIDGEPORT, Com.: The Ukrai here are sponsoring a winery tour.
Roma Pryma Bohachevsky, a lushko SUM-A branch in Chicago, nian Women's League of Bridgeport The day's schedule includes a 10:30
renowned Ukrainian dancer and will present a revue titled "Inflation.''
is sponsoring a kaleidoscope of a.m. divine liturgy celebrated at
choreographer will instruct the The evening of humor and satire will Ukrainian dance and fashion at 3:30 Christ the King Ukrainian Catholic
classes; she has been with the Sko- be held at the South Catholic High p.m. at Sacred Heart University, Church in Bath, N.Y. At 11:30 a.m.
morokhy dancers for three years. For School, 21S South St., at 7 p.m. 5529 Park Ave. (off of Merritt Park brunch win be served in the church
more information, please call Ella Tickets may be purchased for S5 at way, Exit 47 South, or 1-95, Exit 27 hall and at 12:30 p.m. everyone will
Kopyscianski (S16) 486-1710 or Arka and Surma in New York. For North). The Voloshky Dance En leave for a tour of the Gold Seal
Darka Mociuk (914) 793-4907. more information, call (914) 969- semble from Philadelphia will per Winery. The tour and wine-tasting
7486. form Ukrainian dances. During begin at 1 p.m. At 4 p.m. the group
Weekend of October 8 intermissions, authenic Ukrainian will leave for Elmira Heights, N.Y.
regional dress will be modeled for the (about 35 miles), where at 5 p.m. there
ABINGTON, Pa.: The Ukrainian audience. For more information, call will be a pizza party, films and
WILKES-BARRE, Рал The 44th
Savings and Loan Association in (203) 336-1332, or (203) 878-8856. socializing at the St. Nicholas Ukrai
annual convention of the League of
Philadelphia and Janney Montgo Tickets are available at the door. nian Catholic Church hall.
Ukrainian Catholics of America will
mery Scott Inc. are co-sponsoring For the convenience of the winery,
be held here at the Sheraton Cross-
Saturday Financial Seminars at 1:30 the organizers of the tour need a
p.m. at the Ukrainian Educational Saturday, October 16 count of people going on the tour by
During the three-day convention, Cultural Center, 700 Cedar Road.
which will be hosted by the North October 15. Please notify the rectory
Anthracite Council of the league, the The English-language seminars NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti by dropping a postcard to the St.
annual Ukrainian Layperson of the began on Saturday, October 2, and tute of America will present the Nicholas Rectory, 410 McCanns
Year award will be presented to a will also be held on October 23 and opening of the Ukrainian Photo Boulevard, Elmira Heights, N.Y.
dedicated individual, chosen by a November 6 and 13. The subject of graphers' Association exhibition at 6 14903.
committee. today's lecture will be a discussion on p.m. Featured will be photographs
how financial planning can help you by many Ukrainian artists including
attain your financial goals. The Alexander Suchenko. The institute is
NEWARK, NJ.: St John's Ukrai speaker will be Andrew Palashew- located at 2 E. 79th St., (212) 288- Saturday, October 30
nian Catholic Social Series here will sky. 8660. CULVER CITY, CaHf.: West Los
sponsor a trip the week of October 8-
14 to the World's Fair in Knoxville, Angeles College, 4800 Freshman
Tenn. Sunday, October 17 Drive, is featuring a one-day (9 a.m.-
Sunday, October 10 5 p.m.) course on Ukrainian egg-
The bus leaves St. John's Ukrai
nian Catholic Church on Friday, NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti dyeing. Course registration is S20.
NEWARK, NJ.: The New Jersey tute of America will hold its official The instructor is Cathleen Handlin;
October 8, and will travel via, New Regional Council of the Ukrainian
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and opening of the fall season, today at 4 she will teach students the fine art of
National Women's League of Ame p.m. The day will include a special pysanka making. No previous art
Virginia, stopping in Roanoke, Va., rica is sponsoring a UNWLA Day
for the night. program with various guest perfor training is necessary. For more
from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. at St John the mers. The institute is located at 2 E. information call the college registra
The next day it continues on to Baptist Ukrainian Catholic Church
Nashville, Tenn., to hear the Music 79th St., (212) 288-8660. tion office at (213) 559-7993.
hail. The day's program includes a
City Jubilee. On Sunday, there is a lecture by Di\ Bohdan Cymbalisty at
three-hour tour of Nashville, Fort WASHINGTON: The Ukrainian Sunday, October 31
1:15 p.m., fine art and crafts exhibits, Women's League is sponsoring a
Nashboro, Premiss Alley and the a book sale, baked goods sale and a
homes of famous Opryland stars. children's masquerade at the Holy NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti
raffle. Family Center, 4250 Harewood
The next stop on the tour is the tute of America/ Ukrainian National
World's Fair, where the group will Road, N.E., at 2:30 p.m. The emcee Association Performing Artists
stay for two days. YONKERS, N.Y.: The theatrical of the event will be Martha Bazarko. Group will present the first in a series
On the return trip, included is a ensemble "Tiazhko na Emihratsiyi "' of concerts for the fall season. "An
tour of Richmond, Va., and Wash will present a revue titled "Inflation" Afternoon of Classics" will be held
ington before heading for home. All at the. SUM-A Home, 301 Palisades Saturday, October 23 today at 3 p.m. at the Ukrainian
interested should call Michael Gienga Ave. Tickets may be purchased at Institute of America, 2 E. 79th St.
as soon as possible at: (201) 372- Arka and Surma in New York. For WASHINGTON: The Ukrainian The program includes performances
6662. further information, call (914) 969- Women's League is sponsoring an art by three outstanding artists: Laryssa
7486. exhibit, featuring the works of Krupa, pianist, Stefka Nazarkewycz,
Saturday, October 9 Bohdan Borzemsky at the Holy actress, and Laryssa Magun-Huryn,
Family Center, 4250 Harewood Road, soprano.
NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti BOSTON: A concert of dances and N.E. The opening is tonight at 7:30
tute of America will present the first songs of Ukraine will highlight the p.m.; on Sunday, October 24, the
fall lecture of the Harvard Ukrainian
Research Institute series. "The Origin
30th anniversary celebration of the
Ukrainian American Youth Associa
exhibit will be open from 1 to 3 p.m.
The public is cordially invited to
of the Slavs" will be delivered by tion (SUM-A) of Greater Boston, 2 attend. (Continoed from page 1)
Prof. Omeljan Pritsak, at the UIA, 2 p.m. at West Roxbury High School, of your homeland and the fulfillment of
E. 79th St., at 5 p.m. 1205 VFW Parkway. your responsibilities toward it. In order
The Ukrainian American Youth MAPLEWOOD, N J.: The Womenfc to love your homeland, you must
Association's ensemble, which has 40 Club of Holy Ascension Ukrainian recognize the beauty of the language,
IRVINGTON, NJ.: Starshi plas-
tunky, "Chortopolokhy" are spon young dancers and singers, is direct Orthodox Church will sponsor a the history of the land and its people;
soring a dance at the Ukrainian ed by John Baryski. The anniversary Chinese Auction at 6:30 p.m. in the then your love becomes an offering. The
National Home, 140 Prospect St. program will feature a variety of parish hall at 652 Irvington Ave. offering of such a love resulted in the
from 9 p.m. -1:30 a.m. Happy hour is Ukrainian folk dances ranging from There will be door prizes, gifts, formation of the Ukrainian Insurgent
the Kozak Sword Dance to the raffles and arts and crafts. Dessert Army, which became a living strong
Hopak. Ticket sales will benefit the and coffee will be served. Tickets hold, a true symbol and a burning
PREVIEW OF EVENTS is a association, a non-profit organiza must be purchased in advance by banner for future generations."
service provided free of charge by tion. Prices in advance tickets are: S5 calling Anna Chudzey, club presi Observing that "although each war is
The Ukrainian Weekly to the Ukrai for adults, ІЗ for youth. At the door, dent at (201) 789-2346. Proceeds will so inhumane," Patriarch Josyf states
nian community. To have a Ukrai the charge is S7 for adults and SS for be used for the church building fund. that any nation that respects itself and
nian community event listed in this youth. Further concert information Vespers will be offered in church at its identity, its sense of belonging to a
column please send information may be obtained by calling Michael 5:30 p.m. people, has not only the right, but the
(type of event, date, time, place, Nosal at (617) 668-7808. responsibility to defend the noblest
admission, sponsor, etc.) - along DETROIT: The Ukrainian Michi qualities of its people, the qualities of
\ with the phone number of a person gan League will bold its 50th anniver liberty, fairness, national independence,
who may be reached during daytime WOONSOCKET, R.I.: The Odessa sary banquet and ball at the Ukrai freedom to express belief in God, have
hours for any additional information Ukrainian Dancers of Rhode Island, nian National Temple. The keynote its own Church and express its wish for
- to: PREVIEW OF EVENTS, The sponsored by St. Michael's Ukrai address will be delivered by commu God's peace around the world. It must
Ukrainian Weekly, 30 Montgomery nian Orthodox Church, will perform nity activist Dr. Mary Beck. The do everything in its power to pave the
S t , Jersey City, N J . 07302. at the annual Autumnfest celebra- banquet will begin at 7 p.m.; and the way for God's commandments to be
established in its land."